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# Detailed Lesson Plan in Science (First Year High School) 1.

OBJECTIVES: At the end of the 30 minute period, each student: 1.1 identifies the general properties of matter 1.2 conducts an experiment about the properties of matter 1.3 perceives the importance of the properties of matter to everyday life 2. LEARNING TASKS 2.1 Unit II, Chapter 3 2.2 Properties of Matter 2.3 Concepts: Properties that are common to all types of matter are called general properties. Mass is the amount of matter present in a body, object or substance. Volume is the amount of space that an object occupies. Density is the ratio of an objects mass to its volume. Weight is the measure of the gravitational force acting on a body or object. 2.4 Materials 2.4.1 References: Integrated Science I 2.4.2 Instructional Materials: Ruler Water Books Small Stone Beaker Bag Blocks of wood Platform balance 3. METHODOLOGY / PROCEDURE 3.1. Daily Activities 3.1.1. Greetings & Prayer Good morning, class. Good Morning, Sir! Let us pray first. Lead us in prayer (One student will lead the prayer) 3.1.2. Checking Attendance Who are absent today? I am glad to say that no one is absent today. 3.1.3. Checking of Assignment 3.2. Preparatory Activities 3.2.1. Review the definition of matter What is matter? Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. 3.2.2. Motivation: Point out the different and similar characteristics shared by the students of the class. (Everyone in the class is a student of the same school; all are in first year, etc. Unique characteristics may vary from talents, habits, hobbies, etc.) Can we say that matter, like us, has properties which may be different or same with another?

## 3.3. Lesson Proper TEACHERS ACTIVITY

STUDENTS ACTIVITY

3.3.1 Introduction A single matter has its unique set of properties. Just as people are distinguished by their physical attributes and traits, matter is distinguished by its properties. Today, well be discussing about properties that are present in all kinds of matter. 3.3.2. Presentation of the lesson General properties are the properties that are common to all types of matter Mass - is the amount of matter present in a body, object or substance. It is a property that will not change under all conditions. Weight - is the measure of the gravitational force acting on a body or an object. The value of gravity of any object on the earths surface is constant; 1 kg of mass weighs 9.8 newtons. A person with more mass has more gravity, therefore, weighs more. Volume - is the amount of space that an object or body occupies. Solids occupy a definite space, while liquids and gases take the space of their containers. Volume of regular solids can measured using the formula V = l x w x h. Volume of irregular solids are determined using the water displacement method (to be demonstrated later). Density - is the ratio of an objects mass to its volume. Density is measured using the formula D = M/V and is expressed in g/cm3 or kg/m3. 3.3.3 Comparison and Abstraction When you go to a higher surface, or on another planet, will your weight change? If your mass here on earth is 50 kg, will your mass change if you go to the moon? Differentiate mass and weight. (The students will listen attentively and raise their hands if theres a question.)

Yes. No. Mass is the amount of matter present in a body while weight is a force that results from the gravitational pull to an object. Mass does not change under all conditions, weight varies with location and strength of gravity on an object. Weight and mass can be used interchangeably as long as we are on the earths surface. Mass is the amount of matter in an object while volume is the amount of space that an object occupies. Density is obtained by dividing the mass to its volume. (The students will follow the procedures while observing results and answering questions.)

Can mass and weight be interchanged? Whats the difference between mass and volume? How does density relate to an objects mass and volume? 3.3.4. Application Volume of a regular solid

4. EVALUATION: QUIZ Multiple Choice: Select the letter of the best answer. 1. What property of matter is common or present to all? a. Specific b. General c. Physical d. Chemical 2. What is the formula for computing density? a. E = mc2 b. D = M/V c. Length x Width x Thickness d. 1 kg x 9.8 newtons 3. What method is used to determine to volume of irregular solids? a. Weighing Scale b. Length x Width x Thickness c. Water Displacement Method d. Water Boiling 4. Which of the following DOES NOT take the shape of a container? a. Glass of water b. Inflated balloon c. Bowl of soup d. Block of wood 5. If you weigh 50 kg on Earth, what will your mass be on the moon? a. 50 kg b. 100 kg c. 500 kg d. 25 kg