Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 10

811.163.

41``11/17``
811.163.1


:

,
.
, ,

, .
,
, ,
, .
,
.

,

.
- ,
.

.


.
: , ,
, , , ,


.


.
,
,
.


.
, ,

, ,
,
.
,

, ,
. , ,
,
, .
.

.
.
1
.2 ,

. ,
1189. .3
,
,

.
,
, .
,
1

Nikola Rodi} - Gordana Jovanovi}, Miroslavqevo jevan|eqe, Srpska akademija nauka i


umetnosti, Institut za srpskohrvatski jezik, Zbornik za istoriju, jezik i kwi`evnost srpskog
naroda, I odeqewe - kw.XXXIII, Beograd 1986, str. 1- 344.
2
Josip Vrana, Vukanovo jevan|eqe, Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti, Posebna izdawa
CDIV, Odeqewe literature i jezika, kw.18, Beograd 1967, str. 1-498.
3
Nevenka Go{i}, Kriti~ko izdawe Poveqe bosanskog bana Kulina, Osamsto godina
Poveqe bosanskog bana Kulina 1189-1989, Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i
Hercegovine, Sarajevo 1989, str. 13-19.

,
,
.
, * *
,
,
*/ -. ,
,
, .
,
, ,
. : "
,

.
- , .
, ,
, ,
, ,
."4
: "
,
, .5
: , ,
, ,
, .
,
,
6. ,

:

Pavle Ivi}, O jeziku u spisima Svetoga Save, Sava Nemawi} / Sveti Sava, istorija i
predawe, Me|unarodni nau~ni skup, SANU, nau~ni skupovi 7, Beograd 1979, str. 168.
5
Pavle Ivi}, nav. delo, str. 168.
6
Da bi ~itaocima bio jasniji tekst, primeri }e biti pisani onako kako su se u to vreme
izgovarali.

. . .
.7
,

.8

.
, ,
.
,9
10 .11
, ,
,
25. 1412. . :

................
.12

.
.
. ,
.
,
.

. ,
.13
.
7

Qub. Stojanovi}, Kraq Stefan Uro{ (Milutin), Poveqa da se trgovcima koji samo
prolaze kroz Brskovo ni{ta ne napla}uje (posle 1282), Stare srpske poveqe i pisma kw.
1, Beograd / Sr. Karlovci, 1929, str. 35.
8 U [umadiji bi se reklo: Zabavio se kod stoke, pa nije stigo ni{ta drugo da uradi kod
ku}e.
9
Q. Kova~evi}, Svetostefanska hrisovuqa, Spomenik SKA, u Beogradu 1890.
10
Milica Grkovi}, Prva hrisovuqa manastira De~ani, Beograd 2004, str. 1-178.
11
Sini{a Mi{i}-Tatjana Subotin-Golubovi}, Svetoarhan|elovska hrisovuqa, Istorijski
institut, Izvori za srpsku istoriju kw. 3, Beograd 2003, str. 1-242.
12
Qub,Stojanovi}, Gospo|a Jelena, Wen testament, nav.delo, str. 395.
13
Ivan Bo`i}, Branko Pavi}evi}, Ilija Sindik, Pa{trovske isprave XVI-XVIII vijeka,
Cetiwe 1959.

10

,
.


.

,
.


.

,
.

.
,
, .

.14
,
,
.
,
.15

,
.
,
.16

.

.
14

Radmila Marinkovi}, Srpska Aleksandrida, Beograd 1969.


Reqa Kati}, Medicina kod Srba u sredwem veku, Posebna izdawa SANU, kw. CLCX,
Beograd 1958.
16
Aleksandar Mladenovi}, Osobine grafije i jezika putopisa patrijarha Arsenija
Crnojevi}a III iz 168. godine, Zbornik za filologiju i lingvistiku VIII, Novi Sad 1965,
str. 133-146.
15

11


.17
1699. 1804.
: "
,
.
.18

,
.

.
.
, , , , ,
.


.
19
.
,
.
. , ,

,
,
, .

.
, 1717.
,

17

Mita Kosti}, Srpski jezik kao diplomatski jezik jugoisto~ne Evrope od XV-XVIII v,
Skopqe 1924.
18
Pavle Ivi} i Aleksandar Mladenovi}, O jeziku kod Srba u razdobqu od 1699. do 1804,
Istorija Srba, kw. 4, drugo izdawe, Beograd 1994, str. 69.
19
Gavril Stefanovi} Venclovi}, Crni bivo u srcu, predgovor i redakcija Milorada Pavi}a,
Beograd 1966.

12


.20

.
.21
.

.
,
,

,
.
.

.
,



. ,
,
,
. 1826.
. ,


, .

.
,
. ,

20

Tihomir Ostoji}, Stihoslov od god. 1717, Ju`noslovenski filolog II/1-2, Beograd 1921,
str. 126-129
21
G. Gezeman, Erlangenski rukopis starih srpskohrvatskih narodnih pesama, Sremski
Karlovci 1925.

13


.
,
,

.
,
. ,
, .

,

.

, 1765.
. 1770.
. 1774.
.

.22
23 ,
, .

,
.
,
.

.

,
, .
.
1804.
, ,
22

Aleksandar Mladenovi}, O narodnom jeziku Jovana Raji}a, Novi Sad 1964.


M. Su~evi}, Jezik u delima Dositeja Obradovi}a, Izve{taj Srpske prav. velike
gimnazije sr. karlova~ke 62 za {kolsku 1913/14, U Srem. Karlovcima 1914, str. 5-60.

23

14

, , , ,
.

, .

, .
1804. , ,
. 1805.


.
.

.
.

,
.

Milica Grkovi

Serbian Folk Language Before Vuk Karadi


Summary
The belief which is very spread is that the folk language in Serbian
literacy was used after the victory of Vuk Karadis ideas, and

15

that before this reform the only language in use was not
understood by many people.
However, the truth is that from the very beginning of the Serbian literacy,
id est from the twelfth century the folk language was used parallelly with
the Serbo-Slavic literyary language.The best testimony for this are the
Gospels written in Serbo-Slavic, medieval literary language, as well as
charters, testaments, letters and other documents written in folk language.
The Serbo-Slavic language as literary language was in use from the twelfth
to the eighteenth century, and parallelly to it in Serbian literacy the folk
language existed. In the eighteenth century, Serbian church accepts RussoSlavic as the language of the church ceremonies and as a literary language
of the Serbs, but there were numerous Serbian intellectuals who believed
that the folk language was the only solution. The importing of certain
characteristics from the folk language in the Russo-Slavic formed a new
type of language Slavic-Serbian, but that mixture could not become the
language of culture and literature. The idea of the introduction of the folk
language in Serbian culture was regarde widely as the only possibility for
the cultural development.

16