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ASAE S530 DEC01 Temperature Sensor Locations for Seed-Cotton Drying Systems

American Society of Agricultural Engineers

ASAE is a professional and technical organization, of members worldwide, who are dedicated to advancement of engineering applicable to agricultural, food, and biological systems. ASAE Standards are consensus documents developed and adopted by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers to meet standardization needs within the scope of the Society; principally agricultural field equipment, farmstead equipment, structures, soil and water resource management, turf and landscape equipment, forest engineering, food and process engineering, electric power applications, plant and animal environment, and waste management. NOTE: ASAE Standards, Engineering Practices, and Data are informational and advisory only. Their use by anyone engaged in industry or trade is entirely voluntary. The ASAE assumes no responsibility for results attributable to the application of these ASAE Standards, Engineering Practices, and Data. Conformity does not ensure compliance with applicable ordinances, laws and regulations. Prospective users are responsible for protecting themselves against liability for infringement of patents. This standard may be designated ANSI/ASAE. If so, this standard is an American National Standard. Approval of an American National Standard requires verification by ANSI that the requirements for due process, consensus, and other criteria for approval have been met by the standards developer. Consensus is established when, in the judgment of the ANSI Board of Standards Review, substantial agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. Substantial agreement means much more than a simple majority, but not necessarily unanimity. Consensus requires that all views and objections be considered, and that a concerted effort be made toward their resolution. CAUTION NOTICE: In the case that this standard is an ANSI/ASAE standard, this American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time. The procedures of the American National Standards Institute require that action be taken periodically to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard. Purchasers of American National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute.

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Temperature Sensor Locations for Seed-Cotton Drying Systems

Developed by the ASAE Cotton Engineering Committee; approved by the ASAE Power and Machinery Division Standards Committee; adopted by ASAE February 1992; reafrmed December 1996; revised editorially December 2000; reafrmed for ve years December 2001.
2.8 Short residence-time drier (fountain drier or equivalent): A device that uses high volumes of air in a box structure to facilitate moisture removal from seed cotton. 2.9 Tower drier: A device commonly used in cotton gins to reduce the moisture content of seed cotton. The device has internal shelves which force the cotton and the drying air to frequently change directions, and force the air to pass through the cotton increasing the exposure time and dispersing the cotton to facilitate drying.

1 Purpose and scope

1.1 The purpose of this Standard is to provide uniform locations for seed-cotton drying system temperature control sensors in cotton gins. Uniform sensor locations will make drying temperature recommendations more meaningful and allow cotton ginners to improve the quality of the ber that they process. This Standard applies to all heated-air seed cotton driers.

3 Maximum temperature limit

3.1 Drying systems shall be equipped with a maximum temperature control system to limit the temperature of the air that contacts the seed cotton. The sensor for the system shall be located in the hot air line immediately (3 m maximum) ahead of the seed cotton/hot air mixpoint. A visual indicator of the mixpoint temperature shall be located in a place conveniently visible to the ginner.

2 Denition of terms
2.1 Blow-box or towerless drier: A device that injects seed cotton into a high-velocity airstream resulting in high instantaneous air velocity relative to the cotton for quick moisture removal. 2.2 Maximum temperature: The highest drying air temperature at any point in the system to which seed cotton can be exposed without damaging cotton ber quality and/or creating a re hazard. 2.3 Maximum temperature control: A mechanical or electronic device that limits the maximum temperature to a set value. It is only operative when the primary heater control allows the temperature to exceed the maximum temperature limit. 2.4 Mechanical transport drier: A device that dries cotton while the cotton is being mechanically transported, i.e., a belt drier. 2.5 Mixpoint: The point in the drying system where cotton is rst exposed to the heated air. 2.6 Primary heater control: The mechanism that regulates the heat produced by the burner. 2.7 Seed cotton drier: A mechanical device that uses air, usually heated, to reduce the moisture content of seed cotton in the gin.

4 Primary heater control sensor location

4.1 For tower driers the primary heater control sensor shall be located on the top shelf at the rst turn. 4.2 For mechanical transport driers the primary heater control sensor shall be located immediately (2 m maximum) past the inlet. 4.3 For blow-box or towerless drying systems the primary heater control sensor shall be located not less than 3 m nor more than 8 m past the mixpoint. 4.4 For fountain or other short residence-time driers the primary heater control sensor shall be located in the outlet transition. 4.5 Regardless of the seed-cotton drying system used, the primary heater control sensor location shall be no more than 24 m downstream from the mixpoint. Avoid placing primary heater control sensor in a dead air space with little or no air ow or where it will get severely buffeted by owing seed cotton.