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SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN RANTAU UJIAN FORMATIF 1 TAHUN 2013 BIOLOGY FORM 5 Name: ..

Class: 5 Alpha

A B 50 %

Section A: Objectives Questions [20 marks] Bahagian A: Soalan Objektif [20 markah] Instruction: Answer all Questions Arahan: Jawab semua soalan

1.

What is lymph formed from? Apakah yang membentuk limfa? A B C D Fat Lemak Excess blood Darah berlebihan Excess tissue fluid Bendalir tisu berlebihan Excess blood plasma Plasma darah berlebihan Diagram 2/Rajah 2 What is X? Apakah X? A Fin Sirip C Heart Jantung 4.

2.

Diagram below shows a longitudinal section of the human heart. Which of the blood vessels, A, B, C or D, carries oxygenated blood from the lungs? Rajah di bawah menunjukkan keratan longitud jantung manusia. Antara salur darah berikut, manakah A, B, Catau D yang ditugaskan untuk membawa darah beroksigen daripada peparu?

B Gills Insang D Lungs Paru-paru

Which of the following valves prevents the backflow of blood from the right ventricle to the right atrium? Antara injap yang berikut, manakah yang menghalang aliran semula darah dari ventrikel kanan ke aurikel kanan? A Bicuspid valve B Tricuspid valve Injap biskuspid Injap trikuspid C Semilunar valve D Tendinous valve Injap sabit Injap tendon The normal blood pressure of a person is 120/75 mm Hg. What will happen if the blood pressure of a person is 140/90 mm Hg? Tekanan darah normal seseorang ialah 120/75 mm Hg. Apakah yang akan berlaku jika tekanan darah seseorang ialah 140/90 mm Hg? I The rate of heartbeat will increase. Kadar denyutan jantung akan meningkat. II The cardiac muscles will have weak contractions. Otot-otot jantung akan mengecut dengan perlahan.

5. Diagram 1/Rajah 1 3. Diagram below shows the circulatory system of a fish. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sistem peredaran darah dalam seekor ikan.

III The blood vessels will dilate. Salur darah akan mengembang. IV The rate of breathing will becomes slower. Kadar pernafasan akan menjadi semakin perlahan. A I and II only B I, II and III only I dan II sahaja I, II, dan III sahaja C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV II, III, dan IV sahaja I, II, III, dan IV 6. P, Q, R and S are the steps in the blood clotting mechanism. P, Q, R, dan S adalah langkah-langkah dalam mekanisme pembekuan darah.

9 Which of the following components is absent in the . interstitial fluid? Antara komponen yang berikut, yang manakah tidak terdapat dalam cecair interstis? A Water Air B Ions Ion C Fatty acids D Platelets Asid lemak Platelet 10. The rate of transpiration of a plant can be increased by... Kadar transpirasi tumbuhan boleh ditingkatkan dengan cara... A placing the plant in an air conditioned room. meletakkan tumbuhan itu di dalam bilik berhawa dingin. B placing the plant in front of a table fan. meletakkan tumbuhan itu di hadapan kipas meja. C covering the plant with a plastic bag. menutup tumbuhan itu dengan beg plastik. D placing the plant under a table. meletakkan tumbuhan itu di bawah meja. 11. Diagram below shows a blood clot which covers a broken vessel wall. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu gumpalan darah beku yang menutupi dinding salur darah yang terpotong.

Which of the following sequence is correct? Antara urutan berikut, manakah yang benar? A PQR B RPQ C RQP D PRQ 7. Which of the following is the correct order of defence by the body against pathogens? Antara yang berikut, manakah yang merupakan urutan yang betul bagi pertahanan badan daripada serangan patogen? A Mucus phagocytes lymphocytes Mukus fagosit limfosit B Phagocytes lymphocytes mucus Fagosit limfosit mukus C Mucus lymphocytes phagocytes Mukus limfosit fagosit D Lymphocytes mucus phagocytes Limfosit mucus fagosit

Diagram 3/Rajah 3 Which of the following is the last step in blood clotting? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah merupakan langkah terakhir dalam pembekuan darah? A Th rombokinase is released. Trombokinase dibebaskan. B Fibrinogen is converted to fibrin. Fibrinogen ditukarkan kepada fibrin. C Prothrombin is converted to thrombin. Protrombin ditukarkan kepada trombin. D Vitamin K and calcium ions are absorbed. Vitamin K dan ion kalsium diserap. 12. Which of the following is not a cardiovascular disease? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah bukan penyakit kardiovaskular? A Stroke B Obesity Strok Obesiti C Hypertension Tekanan D Atherosclerosis darah tinggi Aterosklerosis

8 Which of the following statements about an artery is . correct? Antara penyataan yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang arteri? A It receives blood from small blood vessels. Arteri menerima darah daripada salur darah yang kecil. B It has semi-lunar valves. Arteri mempunyai injap sabit. C It has a thick wall which can withstand the high pressure of the blood. Arteri mempunyai dinding tebal yang boleh menahan tekanan darah yang tinggi. D It forms a network in most of the organs. Arteri membentuk jaringan di dalam kebanyakan organ.

13. Which cells are involved in the transport of sugar solution in vascular plants? Sel yang manakah terlibat dalam pengangkutan larutan gula dalam tumbuhan vaskular? A Tracheids Trakeid C Endodermis Endodermis B Companion cells Sel rakan D Sieve tubes Tiub tapis

P A B C D Vitamin K Vitamin K Vitamin D Vitamin D

Q Sodium ions Ion kalium Calcium ions Ion kalsium Sodium ions Ion kalium Calcium ions Ion kalsium

14. Diagram below shows the circulatory system of an organism. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sistem peredaran darah dalam satu organisma.

16. Diagram below shows the formation of interstitial fluid. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pembentukan bendalir intrasel.

Diagram 6/Rajah 6 Diagram 4/Rajah 4 Which of the following organisms has the type of blood circulation shown in Diagram above? Antara organisma - organisma berikut, manakah menunjukkan ciri peredaran darah seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh Rajah di atas? A Fish Ikan B Frog Katak C Bird Burung D Grasshopper Belalang 15. Diagram below shows the mechanism of blood clotting. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan mekanisma pembekuan darah. Which of the following substances cannot be found in P? Antara bahan bahan berikut, manakah yang tidak dijumpai di P? A Platelets Platlet B Glucose Glukosa C Hormones Hormon D Amino acids Asid amino 17. Diagram below shows the changes in concentration of antibodies in the blood of a person over a period of time. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan perubahan kepekatan antibodi di dalam darah seorang manusia pada suatu jangka masa.

Diagram 7/Rajah 7 Diagram 5/Rajah 5 What are P and Q? Apakah P dan Q? On which week did the person receive a second injection of vaccines? Pada minggu ke berapakah beliau menerima suntikan vaksin yang kedua?

18. Which schematic diagram shows the systemic circulatory system? Rajah skema manakah yang menunjukkan sistem peredaran sistemik?

Mengelakkan pengaliran balik darah C Increase the blood pressure in the vein Meningkatkan tekanan darah dalam vena D Speed up the flow of blood in the vein Meningkatkan kelajuan pengaliran darah dalam vena 20. The diagram below shows part of the human lymphatic system. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sebahagian daripada sistem limfa manusia.

Diagram 9/Rajah 9

What is the function of the structure shown? Apakah fungsi struktur yang ditunjukkan? A Produces lymphocytes Menghasilkan limfosit B Carries lymph away from the tissues Membawa limfa keluar dari tisu C Produces tissue fluid Menghasilkan bendalir tisu D Filters lymph Menapis limfa

19. Diagram shows the longitudinal section of a vein. Rajah menunjukkan keratan membujur suatu vena.

Answers Jawapan 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Diagram 8/Rajah 8 What is the role of X? Apakah peranan X? A Decrease the size of the lumen of the vein Mengurangkan saiz lumen pada vena B Prevent the back flow of blood

8 9 10

Section B: Structured Questions [30 marks] Bahagian B: Soalan Struktur [30 markah] Instruction: Answer all Questions Arahan: Jawab semua soalan
1. Diagram below shows the formation and absorption of tissue fluid. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pembentukan dan penyerapan cecair tisu.

Diagram 10/Rajah10

(a) (i) What is P? Apakah P? _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (ii) Explain how is P formed. Jelaskan bagaimana P terbentuk. _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (b) (i) Q is the fluid moving into the small lymphatic vessels. State the composition of Q. Q adalah cecair yang bergerak di dalam salur limfa kecil. Nyatakan komposisi Q. _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (ii) How is Q returned to the circulatory system? Bagaimanakah Q dikembalikan ke sistem peredaran? ____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (c) Apart from returning the tissue fluid to the blood circulatory system, state two other functions of the lymphatic system. Selain daripada mengembalikan cecair tisu ke sistem peredaran darah, nyatakan dua fungsi lain sistem limfa. ________________________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/2 markah] (d) Predict what will happen if P fails to return to the circulatory system. Ramalkan apa yang akan berlaku jika P gagal dikembalikan ke sistem peredaran. ________________________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/2 markah]

2.

Diagram below shows the change in the amount of antibodies of individuals X and Y which have been injected with a vaccine and an antiserum respectively. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan perubahan kepekatan antibodi di dalam individu X dan Y yang telah disuntik dengan vaksin dan antiserum.

Diagram 11/Rajah 11 (a) What is a vaccine? Apakah itu vaksin? _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (b) What type of immunity is obtained by X and Y respectively? Apakah jenis imuniti yang diperolehi oleh X dan Y? X: __________________________________________________________________________________ Y: __________________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/2 markah] (c) Why is a second injection required by individuals X and Y? Kenapakah suntikan kedua diperlukan oleh individu X dan Y? X: __________________________________________________________________________________ Y: __________________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/2 markah] (d) State two differences between the types of immunity obtained by individuals X and Y. Nyatakan dua perbezaan antara jenis imuniti yang diperoleh oleh individu X dan Y. Individual X Individu X 1. 2. [2 marks/2 markah] (e) State the type of immunisation suitable for a person who has been bitten by a snake. Explain why the person should receive this type of immunisation. Nyatakan jenis imunisasi yang sesuai untuk seorang yang telah dipatuk ular. Terangkan mengapa individu tersebut wajar diberikan imunisasi jenis ini. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ [3 marks/3 markah] Individual Y Individu Y

3.

Diagram below shows a section through the human heart. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan keratan melalui jantung manusia.

Diagram 12/Rajah 12 (a) The heart is an organ of a certain organ system. What is the organ system? Jantung ialah satu organ yang terdapat dalam satu sistem organ tertentu. Apakah sistem organ itu? _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (b) Name the blood vessels labelled P, Q and R in Diagram above. Namakan salur darah berlabel P, Q, dan R dalam Rajah di atas. P: __________________________________________________________________________________ Q: __________________________________________________________________________________ R: __________________________________________________________________________________ [3 marks/3 markah] (c) State the functions of P, Q and R. Nyatakan fungsi P, Q, dan R. P: __________________________________________________________________________________ Q: __________________________________________________________________________________ R: __________________________________________________________________________________ [3 marks/3 markah] (d) How many chambers are there in the human heart? Berapakah ruang yang terdapat dalam jantung manusia? _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (e) Which chambers of the human heart contain... Ruang yang manakah dalam jantung manusia yang mengandungi... (i) oxygenated blood/darah beroksigen? __________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah]

(ii) deoxygenated blood/darah terdeoksigen? __________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah]

(f) What is the function of the part labelled T in Diagram above? Apakah fungsi bahagian berlabel T pada Rajah di atas? _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah] (g) What is the function of the parts labelled S and U in Diagram above? Apakah fungsi bahagian berlabel S dan U pada Rajah di atas? _____________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/1 markah]

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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... EN. ONG CHEE KIONG GURU MATAPELAJARAN

.... PN. NORMAZIRA BT AHMAD ZALUKI GURU KANAN MATAPELAJARAN SAINS DAN MATEMATIK

No. Soalan 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 SMK RANTAU

Jawapan C D B B C D A C D A

No. Soalan 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Jawapan B B D B B A C C B D Jawapan

SPM Biology Tingkatan 4,5 - Untitled Kertas 2 1. (a) (i) Interstitial fluid/tissue fluid (ii) It is formed when blood plasma containing dissolved food and oxygen are forced out of the artery end of the capillary by high pressure. (b) (i) Same as blood plasma except that it does not have erythrocytes, platelets and plasma protein (large molecules) (ii) C will be emptied into the subclavian veins, near the heart. (c) 1. Distributes fluids and nutrients in the body and drains excess fluids and protein. 2. Provides immunological defences against diseases (d) Oedema 2. (a) A vaccine is a preparation of weakened, dead or nonvirulent forms of a pathogen that is not harmful to the person who receives it. Vaksin adalah suatu penyediaan patogen dalam bentuk yang dilemahkan, mati atau tidak aktif / virulen yang mana tidak memudaratkan seseorang yang menerimanya. (b) X: Artificial active immunity X: Keimunan aktif buatan Y: Artificial passive immunity Y: Keimunan pasif buatan (c) X: To increase the production of antibodies as a prevention against future infection X: Untuk meningkatkan penghasilan antibodi sebagai pencegahan melawan jangkitan pada masa hadapan Y: To supply enough antibodies up to the level of immunity and able to destroy pathogens quickly Y: Untuk membekalkan antibodi yang cukup sehingga ke aras keimunan dan berupaya untuk memusnahkan patogen dengan cepat. (d)

(e) Artificial passive immunity. An antiserum injection containing antibodies is given to the person to fight the pathogen quickly. Immediate action must be taken to avoid the snake venom from spreading to the entire body. Keimunan pasif buatan. Suatu suntikan antiserum yang mengandungi antibodi diberikan

kepada seseorang untuk melawan patogen dengan cepat. Tindakan serta-merta perlu diambil untuk mengelakkan racun / bisa ular daripada merebak ke seluruh badan. 3. (a) The blood circulatory system (b) P: Vena cava Q: Aorta R: Pulmonary artery (c) P: To carry deoxygenated blood from all parts of the body to the heart Q: To carry oxygenated blood from the heart to all parts of the body R: To carry deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs (d) Four chambers (e) (i) Oxygenated blood: Left atrium and left ventricle (ii) Deoxygenated blood: Right atrium and right ventricle (f) To separate the left atrium and left ventricle from the right atrium and right ventricle so that oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood do not mix (g) To make sure that blood which has entered the ventricles do not flow back into the atria