Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

230026

, 100010

100010

20 30
1942

([1],199 )

1942

([1],200 )50

2003-08-12; 2003-09-28
19711960

2003
1942
1


1931
1958 1998 19261969

2003 3
7
5

1.1

1900

1953

()

1.2
18841968

2002 2002 Stephen Selby,


75

40

1949

1.3
1957

1998

1998

1932 1971

YiDegang, Acrobatic Acts in Inner Mongolia Involving Archery Performances and the Manufacture
of Bows and Arrows for them, www.atarn.org/letters/lts_deo02.htm.

2
2.1


60
30

Pseudosciaena
crocea

----

15 10

2.2
2.2.1

----

2a

2.2.2

2b

3
2.2.3

2.2.4

2c
2.2.5

2d

4----

2.3

2.3.1

128 3

2e

1/4 30
10

()
V

2f

2g

2h

( 2i)

----

2j

2k

2l

50 5 60 6 70 7 80 8

6a

V V

2m

6b

6c

6d

6e

6f

6g

6h

2.4.2

DaSa
10

50

6
20

2.4.3

40-50 25 50-60 35 100


80

6i

200

11

100
6
1934--
3.1

3.2

3.3

6k
()

3.4
6l

40

6m

12

()

100

100 ()
55 ( 55 551.7m ) 55

( 8 )

5.1

([1], 202 )
5.2
20 50

14
1942 [1], 203
5.3

1
1

13

1993 1800 / 800 /

[1] 23 ,1951

14


(www.atarn.org) Stephen Selby

An Investigation on the Bow & Arrow-Making of Ju Yuan Hao


Workshop of Beijing
YI De-gang
(University of Science and Technology of China, Hefiei 230026, China; The Partner
Group of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science at the
Institute for the History of Natural Science, CAS)

ZHANG Bai-chun
(The Partner Group of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science at
the Institute for the History of Natural Science, CAS, Beijing 100010, China)

Abstract: Ju Yuan Hao bow & arrow-making workshop used to be one of 17 imperial bow
and arrow-making workshops which located at Dongsi street. This workshop is the only bow and
arrow-making workshop that keeps bow and arrow-making tradition. The Ju Yuan Hao bow is one
kind of recurve bow which has a curevature when it is unstrung. Craftsmen first make a core for
the bow from thin bamboo and attach the wooden grip and the ears. Then they firmly glue horn
and sinew to the core. Finally craftsmen decorated bow with birch bark, symbols and lacquer
etc.The traditional bow and arrow have almost lost their market since 1960s. In order to continue
keeping this technical tradition, the owner of Ju Yuan Hao, Mr. Yan Wentong, passed on his
technology to his third son, Yang Fuxi. While Mr. Yang Fuxi made a bow and a few arrows in
2003, armed with camera and pickup camera, we systematically recorded his technology and
knowledge about bow and arrow-making. This investigation may help us have a deep
understanding of technical tradition and keep it.
Key words: Ju Yuan Hao, workshop, bow & arrow, traditional technology

15

16

17

18

19