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Angeles City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Angeles; Kapampangan: Ciudad ning Angeles/Lakanbalen ning Angeles), located [3] within the

province of Pampanga in thePhilippines is locally classified as a first-class, highly-urbanized city. It is bordered by Mabalacat City to the north; Mexico to the east; San Fernando to the southeast;Bacolor to the south; and Porac to the southwest and west. The city administers itself autonomously from Pampanga and, as of the 2010 census, it has a [2] population of 326,336. Angeles is served by the Clark International Airport in Clark Freeport Zone. As the former home of the largest United States military facility outside of the continental United States, it was significantly affected by the base pullout brought about by the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991 as the economy of Angeles was heavily dependent on the [8] American base at that time. But in 1993, a full cleanup and removal of volcanic ash deposits began and the former U.S. base re-emerged as Clark [9] Special Economic Zone (CSEZ). The creation of CSEZ has helped to offset the loss of income and jobs previously generated by the presence of the U.S. base in the city. Today, Angeles and Clark form the hub for business, industry, [10] aviation, and tourism in the Philippines as well as a leisure, fitness, entertainment and gaming center of Central Luzon. Angeles City ranked 15th in a survey by MoneySense Magazine as one of the "Best Places to Live in the Philippines" in [11] its MarchApril 2008 issue. In August 2007, the greater metropolitan area centered around Angeles, called Metro Angeles, which includes San Fernando, Mabalacat, Porac, and Bacolor, was also mentioned as one of the 12 Metropolitan Areas in the Philippines by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) and named as one [12] of the six region-based metropolitan areas with relatively high GDP rates, with Metro Angeles garnering 8.5%.
[4][5][6][7]

[edit]Etymology The name ngeles is derived from the Spanish El Pueblo de los ngeles ("The Town of the Angels") in honour of its patron saints, Los Santos ngeles de los Custodios (Holy Guardian Angels), and the name of its founder, Don ngel Pantalen de Miranda. [edit]History [edit]Spanish

period

In 1796, the gobernadorcillo or town head of San Fernando, Don ngel Pantalen de Miranda, and his wife, Doa Rosalia de Jesus, along with some followers, staked out a new settlement, which they named Culiat because of the abundance of vines of that name in the area. The new settlers cleared the woodland and cultivated the area for rice and sugar farming. Don ngel built his first house with light materials at the northwest corner of the intersection of Sapang Balen and the road going towards the town of Porac. It was later donated to the Roman Catholic Church and became a cemetery known as [13] the "Campo Santong Matua," the site where the Nepomuceno Coliseum is situated. On May 12, 1812, the new settlers tried to make Culiat a self-governing town but the friars resisted the move, led by Fray Jose Pometa. Ten years later, on February 11, 1822, Don ngel filed a petition for the independent township of Culiat from San Fernando though it was denied. This was followed by another petition within the same year, jointly signed by Don ngel, his son-in-law, Dr. Mariano Henson, and the latter's father, Severino Henson. He donated 35 hectares for the construction of the first Catholic Church, a convent and a primary school while Doa Agustina Henson de Nepomuceno, the niece of who would become the firstgobernadorcillo of Angeles in 1830, Don Ciriaco de Miranda, gave land for the new public market. Don ngel paid the complete amount required by law just for the political separation of Culiat from San [14] Fernando. There were only 160 taxpayers then but the law required that it should have at least 500 taxpayers. Located some 10 miles (16 km) north of the capital town of Pampanga, Culiat became a barrio of San Fernando for 33 years and on December 8, 1829, it finally became a separate municipality, at which time it was renamed "El Pueblo de los Angeles" (The Town of the Angels, in English) in honor of its patron saints, "Los Santos Angeles de los Custodios" (Holy Guardian Angels), and the name of its founder, Don ngel, coinciding with the rise of new barrios such as Santo Cristo (as the poblacion or town proper), Cutcut, Pampang and Pulong Anunas. The progressive barrios developed some new

industries like a sugar mill and a wine distillery. The transition of Angeles from a jungle clearing to a barrio, to a town and finally to a city took 168 years and in all that time, it survived locusts' infestations, wars, epidemics, volcanic eruptions and typhoons to become one of the fast rising towns in the country. When it received its first official municipal charter, the town [8][15] contained some 661 people, 151 houses and an area of 38.65 km. On March 17, 1899, General Emilio Aguinaldo transferred the seat of The insurgent Philippine Republic to Angeles. It then became the site of the first anniversary celebration of the Philippine Independence, which was proclaimed a year earlier in Kawit, Cavite. It was highlighted with a parade, led by the youngest ever Filipino generals, Gregorio del Pilar and Manuel Tinio. It was viewed by General Aguinaldo from the Pamintuan's residence, which became the Presidential Palace from May to July 1899 (formerly houses the Central Bank of the Philippines in Central Luzon, now transferred ownership to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines). Aguinaldo's sojourn was short however, for in July of this same year he transferred his government to the province of Tarlac following Angeles' occupation by the [16] American forces. [edit]American

period

On August 10, 1899, U.S. forces began the attack on Angeles confident in capturing it in a few days. However, the Filipino Army defending the town refused to give in so easily and fiercely fought back and for three months, they battled the Americans in and around the town. It was only after the battle on November 5, 1899 that the town finally fell into American hands. The Battle of Angeles was considered to be the longest in the history of the Filipino-American War in Pampanga. This led to the establishment of an American camp in Barrio Talimundoc (what is now Lourdes Sur), located next to the railroad station, in order to establish control over the central plains of Luzon. In January 1900, General Frederick D. Grant organized the first U.S. Civil Government in Angeles by appointing analcalde or municipal mayor, thus it was the [17] beginning of American colonization in Angeles. In 1902, The U.S. Army studied relocating their post from Barrio Talimundoc to a fertile plain in Barrio Sapang Bato, which supposedly had better grass for their horses. A year after that, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signed an executive 2 order on September 1, establishing 7,700 acres (31 km ) of land in Sapang Bato as Fort Stotsenburg (which later would 2 expand to 156,204 acres (632.14 km ) in 1908 to become Clark Air Base). It was centered on what was Clark Air Base's [18] parade ground in modern years. The Americans quickly commandeered the Holy Rosary Parish Church and converted it into an army hospital while the choir loft served as a dental clinic. The convent, which now houses Holy Family Academy, was the barracks for medical officers and enlisted men. The sacristy was the only portion where Angeleos could hear mass. When the Americans finally vacated the church in 1904 and relocated to Fort Stotsenburg, Rev. Vicente Lapus, the parish priest, listed a total of $638 for portions of the church destroyed, looted church items and treasures, and arrears on rentals. [edit]World

War II

Hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan attacked the Philippines, targeting the American military presence, as well as the Philippine Army, and taking over the civilian government. During the Japanese occupation in the country, 57,000 Filipino and Americanprisoners of war passed the town of Angeles. They were forced to join the Death March going to Camp O'Donnell in Capas, Tarlac. Angeleos showed their sympathy by handing them foods, milk, boiled eggs, rice cakes, cigarettes, and water. Angeleos followed them up to the train station in Dau railway station in Mabalacat to give moral and spiritual support, and even helped the escapees. War historians considered the bombing of Fort Stotsenburg on December 8, 1941 at 12:30 p.m. as one of the most destructive air raids in World War II because almost all the American war planes were wrecked on the ground. In thirty minutes, the air might of America in the Far East was completely destroyed. On the early morning of the New Year's Day of 1942, the first Japanese troops entered Angeles occupying it up to January 1945. During the Japanese invasion, another type of local government was set up on January 22, 1942. During the Japanese occupation, Clark Air Base then became a major centre for staging Japanese air operations. Japanese aircraft flying out of Clark participated in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, considered to be the largest naval battle of the Second [19][20] World War.

Clark Air Base was recaptured by the Americans in January 1945, after three months of fierce fighting in the Philippines. After three years of atrocities committed by Japanese forces, the town and the rest of the Philippines were finally liberated by the combined United States and Philippine Commonwealth troops in 1945. [edit]Independence

and cityhood

After World War II, the Philippines gained independence from the United States on July 4, 1946 but then would be tied to a neo-colonial relationship. The "Treaty of General Relations" signed on independence day itself signified the Americans' withdrawal and surrender of possession, control and sovereignty over the Philippines, except the use of their bases. It was followed by the Philippine-American Military Bases Agreement on March 14, 1947, allowing the U.S. to maintain territorial integrity and sovereignty over Clark Air Base andSubic Naval Base for the next 44 years. Clark occupied 63,103 hectares and served as the tactical operational U.S. air force installation in the entire Southeast Asian region that had the capacity to accommodate the U.S. military transport planes, which served the entire Western Pacific. Through the years, although Fort Stotsenburg continued to expand to become what is now known as Clark Air Base, Angeles, despite its proximity to the American camp, did not progress fast and remained fairly small until the end of World War II. It was finally inaugurated on January 1, 1964 as a chartered city under Republic Act No. 3700 and then it entered a period of tremendous growth that has resulted in its present position as the "Premier City in Central Luzon." It was then Mayor Rafael del Rosario's brainchild that Angeles became a city. He gained the distinction of being the last municipal mayor of Angeles. He was assisted in the preparation of the City Chapter by Attorney Enrique Tayag, a prominent resident of the town. Congresswoman Juanita L. Nepomuceno of the first district of Pampanga sponsored the bill in Congress, which was approved by then President Diosdado Macapagal, the ninth Philippine president and a native of the [21] province of Pampanga. Due to the presence of the U.S. base and consequent Freeport Zone, Angeles has become home to a large colony of expatriates as many Americans chose to permanently settle in the area, particularly in the Balibago district. During the American colonial period (18981946), more than 800,000 Americans were born in the Philippines and a large [23][24][25] concentration of Filipino mestizos or Filipinos with American ancestry were located in this city. It is said that aside from the high Amerasian population in the city, prostitution was another consequence of the U.S. bases' presence in the country. Since the early days of Clark Air Base, Fields Avenue in Balibago District is a honky-tonk area frequently visited [26][27][28][29][30] by the U.S. servicemen, has been known as a center for prostitution and sex tourism. In addition, a BBC [31] article characterized it as "the centre of the Philippines sex industry" and dubbed it "Sin City". Elsewhere and in later years, Philippine travel publications have described it as the "Entertainment Capital of Central Luzon" and "Entertainment [32][33] City", but despite this the seediness and sleaze remains albeit downscaled. [edit]Mount
[22]

Pinatubo eruption and Angeles today

On June 15, 1991, Angeles was affected by the cataclysmic eruption of nearby Mount Pinatubo, with up to 60,000 people beingevacuated from the city. It was the second-largest volcanic eruption of the twentieth century and, by far, the largest eruption to affect a densely populated area. The province of Pampanga, Clark specifically, were badly hit and the [34] agricultural lands, as well as other businesses, were covered by tons of lahar. There were no casualties reported inside Clark two days from the initial eruption because the 18,000 personnel and their families were transported to Guam and the Subic Naval Base in Zambales. The eruption of Mount Pinatubo forced the leadership of the U.S. to prematurely abandon its military installation at Clark Air Base. This is in addition to the voting by the Philippine Senate in 1991 to no longer extend the LaurelLangley Agreement, which allows the presence of U.S. military forces on Philippine territory, thus ending the long chapter of Filipino-American relations in the history ofAngeles. The U.S. military never returned to Clark, turning over the damaged [35][36][37] base to the Philippine government on November 26, 1991 In 1993, cleanup and removal of volcanic ash deposits began. The former base re-emerged as Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) approved by then President Fidel V. Ramos on April 3 of the same year. The airfield infrastructure was improved and destined to be the premiere airport in the country in the next five years and one of the most modern in [9] Asia. The creation of CSEZ has helped to offset the loss of income and jobs previously generated by the presence of the U.S. base. Today, Angeles and Clark together form the hub for business, industry, aviation and tourism, as well as the

entertainment and gaming center of Central Luzon. According to the Center for Kapampangan Studies, the dish sisig originated in this city and has been on the menu since the 1730s. Thus Angeles has become well known as the [38][39][40] culinary center of Pampanga and the Philippines. [edit]Barangays Angeles City is divided into 33 barangays. Agapito del Rosario Amsic Anunas Balibago Capaya Claro M. Recto Cuayan Cutcut Cutud Lourdes North West Lourdes Sur East Malabaas Margot San Jos San Nicolas Santa Teresita Santa Trinidad Santo Cristo Santo Domingo Santo Rosario (Poblacin) Sapalibutad Sapangbato Tabun Virgen Delos Remedios

[10]

Ninoy Aquino (Marisol) Mining Pampang Pandan Pulungbulu Pulung Cacutud Pulung Maragul Salapungan

Lourdes Sur (Talimundoc)

[edit]Anunas Anunas is the barangay that houses the city's Korea Town, a chain of Korean establishments along the Fil-Am Friendship Highway. Anunas is also identified as one of the growth centers of the city, focusing on light industries such as woodcarving and rattan craft. [edit]Balibago

and Malabaas

Balibago is the main entertainment district of Angeles. It contains Pagcor Angeles and the famous Fields Avenue tourist belt. Entertainment-related establishments also spill to Malabaas, which is situated next to Balibago. Hotels, such as Penthouse Hotel, Lewis Grand Hotel, and Angeles Beach Club (ABC) Hotel are also abundant along Don Juico Avenue, which stretches from Balibago to Malabaas. The city's biggest mall, SM City Clark, is also situated in Barangay Malabaas. [edit]Pampang

and San Nicolas

These two barangays form the main public market district of the city. The Pampang Wet Market, San Nicolas Market, Friday Flea Market (locally referred to as Apu), Jumbo Jenra Angeles, Savemore Miranda, and the Angeles Slaughterhouse are found here. The Pampang Wet Market is the largest and most frequented wet market in the province of Pampanga. It also attracts people from nearby towns. Ospital Ning Angeles (ONA) is located in Pampang. [edit]Pulung

Maragul

Pulung Maragul is the barangay that houses the city's government complex, which includes the Angeles City Hall, the Angeles City Hall of Justice, and other government buildings. It is also the location of the Angeles Exit of the North Luzon Expressway and Marquee Mall, Ayala's first mall in Central Luzon. Marquee Place and Marquee Residences will rise in Pulung Maragul as well, next to the mall. [edit]Santo

Rosario

Santo Rosario is the poblacion. It is home to most of Angeles' heritage and historical structures such as the Holy Rosary Church, Pamintuan Mansion, Bale Herencia, and Museo ning Angeles (former City Hall building). Holy Angel University, [41] Central Luzon's largest university, is also located here. Plans of declaring the barangay or parts of it a heritage zone [42] are ongoing.

[edit]Sapangbato Sapangbato is the largest barangay in Angeles City in terms of territory, with a total land area of 187,694 sq. meters and a population of 9,920. Located northwest of Angeles near Clark Freeport Zone, it is identified as the barangay in Angeles with the highest elevation of 750 feet above sea level. It is home to Fort Stotsenburg, also known as the Parade Grounds of Clark. apl.de.ap, member of the hip hop group The Black Eyed Peas, hails from Sapangbato. The famous Puning Hot Springs of Brgy. Inararo in Porac are accessed through Sitio Target in Sapangbato. [edit]Economy Despite the major challenges that were faced by the city, such as the removal of the U.S. Clark Air Base and the Mount Pinatubo's eruption in 1991, all these have been surpassed by Angeleos. The improvement in the economy of Angeles was said to have been triggered by the transformation of the U.S. base into Clark Freeport Zone, where the Clark [43] International Airport is located. Angeles City is home to an emerging technology industry. Its economy is based also on tourism and gambling. With close proximity to an international airport in Clark Freeport, Angeles is visited by foreigners all [44] year round.

A series of al-fresco restaurants at the backside ofMarquee Mall.

SM City, by Clark Freeport's main gate, is the largest chain of shopping malls in the country.

In the 2000s, the local government of Angeles rebranded the Fields Avenue tourist belt as a high-end destination with fine restaurants and luxury hotels and casinos, though efforts of the local government have failed to extinguish rampant [45][46] underage prostitution, drugs, and corruption in the area. The finishing of roads, such as the Subic-Clark-Tarlac [10][47][48] Expressway, has improved trade and transport. The project connects the industrial, transport and business hubs of [49][50] Pampanga, Zambales, Bataan and Tarlac. The project is crucial to bolstering growth in Central Luzon. The city has cottage industries producing rattan furniture, coconuts, and charcoal briquettes. It also has many thriving [51] export businesses in handicrafts, metal crafts, toys, houseware and garments. Apart from the Clark Freeport Zone, [52] industrial areas include the Angeles Livelihood Village and the Angeles City Industrial Estate. Call centers present are e-Telecare, CyberCity, Sutherland and IRMC, plus other American IT industries are major [54] employers as well. The establishment of a number of shopping malls also fueled the city's economy, including SM CityClark, Robinson's Place, Jenra Grand Mall, Nepo Mall, Saver's Mall and the Ayala Marquee Mall, next to the City [55][56] Hall. There is also a proposal of constructing a new Formula One quality circuit in a 2,000-hectare lot fronting the North Luzon Expresswaybetween Angeles City and Subic Bay, from which the country may soon play host to prestigious international [52] car-racing events and possibly bid to become one of the venues of the world-renown Formula One series. [edit]Historical
[53]

sites

The Santo Rosario Church was converted into a 2nd Division Hospital by the American troops during the Philippine Revolution.

The Pamintuan Mansion, site of the 1st year anniversary celebration of Philippine Independence, now houses the Central Bank of the Philippines in Region III.

The Bale Herencia (Ancestral House) as of 2009.

Fort Stotsenburg, named after Colonel John M. Stotsenburg, a captain of the 6th U.S. Cavalry, was the location of the permanent quarters of the American forces inSapang Bato, Angeles. It is also known as the "Parade Ground," which served as a venue for many important celebrations by the Americans before the Philippine-American Military Bases Agreement ended in 1991. Salakot Arch is a landmark of Angeles. From 1902 to 1979, Clark Air Base remained a U.S. territory, guaranteed by the Military Bases Agreement in 1947. In 1978, the Philippines, under the dispensation of the former President Ferdinand Marcos, and the U.S. finally agreed to establish Philippine sovereignty over the U.S. bases and thus the Clark Air Base Command (CABCOM) of the Armed Forces of the Philippines came into being, following the signing of a revised Military Bases Agreement on January 7, 1979. To commemorate this unprecedented and bold

event, the government constructed a special structure based upon the design of a salakot or native hat, which soon became a widely recognized symbol of this renewed Filipino spirit. Old Pamintuan Residence was served as the seat of government of the First Philippine Republic under General Emilio Aguinaldo from May to July 1899 and the Central Headquarter for Major General Arthur MacArthur, Jr., the father of General Douglas MacArthur. It used to house the Central Bank of the Philippines in Central Luzon. Currently, the National Historical Commission and the city government are funding the restoration of the mansion. It will open again soon as a museum and will house the Tourism Office of the city. Founders' Residence (Bale Matua), located at the heart of Santo Rosario, is the oldest building in the city. It was built in 1824 by the city founder, Don ngel Pantalen de Miranda, and his wife, Doa Rosalia de Jesus, and was inherited by their only daughter, Doa Juana de Miranda de Henson. This house, which is made of high stone and an ornate gate, nostalgically symbolizes the glorious past of Angeles amidst the overwhelming onslaughts of modernization. Camalig was built in 1840 by Don Ciriaco de Miranda, the first gobernadorcillo of Angeles, and was used as a grain storehouse along Santo Rosario Street. It was restored in 1980 by Armando L. Nepomuceno and is now the site of Armando's Pizza and the historic Camalig Restaurant. Post Office Building (Deposito) is a building that was constructed in 1899 for the purpose of depositing religious statues and carriages of the Catholic Church, hence the name Deposito. It was also used as the headquarter of the 11th Film Exchange U.S. Army from 1946 to 1947 and was then used as a jailhouse for recalcitrant U.S. troops during the Philippine-American War. On February 6, 1967, the Angeles Post Office moved to this building. It is now the site of Angeles Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Center. Holy Rosary Church (Santo Rosario Church) was constructed from 1877 to 1896 by the "Polo y Servicio" labor system, a kind of forced labor imposed on Filipino peasants by the Spanish colonial government. It was used as a military hospital by the U.S. Army from August 1899 to December 1900. Its backyard was the execution ground to the Spanish forces in shooting down Filipino rebels and suspects. Holy Family Academy Building was once a convent and was served as a military hospital of the U.S. Army in 1900. It was later used as troop barracks, officers' quarters and arsenal by the Japanese Imperial Military Forces in 1942. Bale Herencia (Ancestral House), built in 1860, is situated in Lakandula Street corner Santo Rosario Street. It is a picturesque house with the unsavory reputation of having been built for the mistress of a parish priest. The current owners have leased the place to various restaurants, food stalls, and other businesses like salons and computer shops. The antique architecture, however, is still preserved. Juan D. Nepomuceno Center for Kapampangan Studies houses a library, museum of archives and gallery, research center and theater, put up by the Holy Angel University in 2002 to preserve, study and promote Kapampangan history and culture. In 2012, the Museum of Kapampangan Arts was also opened in the university, housing some of National Artist Vicente Manansala's works and drafts. Lily Hill was a strategic observation post for monitoring Japanese movement in World War II. Remains of Japanese aircraft were found here at the end of the war. Along this hill can now be found Lily Hill Duty Free Store. Bayanihan Park (formerly Astro Park) is an ideal spot for sports and recreational activities having basketball and volleyball courts and huge space for jogging and other recreational activities. This is where the famous and historical "Salakot Arch" is now located. It is being managed by SM City Clark.

Museo ning Angeles (Museum of Angeles) is a priceless asset and a vintage circa 1920. The building is a museum piece by itself, located at the prime "Santo Rosario Historic District" across the Holy Rosary Cathedral. This edifice was constructed in 1922 and served as the Municipio del Pueblo or Town Hall until 1998. The Museum has become the venue of the cit ys cultural activities be it from the private or government sector. From the time it opened in the year 1999, it has been a beehive of activity from exhibits, art classes, concerts, venue for performances and climax for traditional celebrations. In June 2012, the National Museum of the Philippines declared the Museo ning Angeles as an Important Cultural Property of the Philippines, the first cultural property to be given such a distinction. The museum is currently administered by Kuliat Foundation, Inc. Inside the museum is Balikdan (meaning "to look back") which is about understanding Angeless past for the present. It encapsulates coherently our colorful and evolving history, and enabling us to arrive at our expected destination. The sections that start with Culiat is born in 1796 and finished with the Mt. Pinatubos fury in 1991. Also within the infrastructure is the Culinarium. Pampanga, most specifically Angeles, is known as the "Culinary Capital of the Philippines." This is dedicated to the Kapampangan culinary arts and science that has emanated from the basic concept that the preparation of food is a heritage and a legacy worth preserving. Dioramic Scenes of Traditional Life in Pampanga , which is depicted in ten tableaus, are scenes of traditional town and country life in Pampanga. These dioramas were created by fashion designer Beatriz Patis Pamintuan Tesoro using her Nenita dolls dressed in the most intricately embroidered Filipiniana outfits, with amazing detailing not only on the clothes, but also in the accessories and background.

The Reynaldo G. Alejandro Culinary Library is dedicated to the memory of Mr. Reynaldo Ronnie Gamboa Alejandro (19412009), who was a leading exponent of Filipino arts and culture. Some years before his untimely demise, Ronnie donated a part of his extensive library to the Culiat Foundation in support of its efforts to promote and preserve the Kapampangan culinary heritage.

[edit]Education

Angeles University Foundation

Systems Plus College Foundation

Jocson College

[edit]Tertiary

and Higher Education

Holy Angel University University of the Philippines, Extension Program in Clark Angeles University Foundation Systems Plus College Foundation Philippine Women's University, Extension Program in Angeles Republic Central Colleges Mother of Perpetual Help Institute Clark Institute of Aviation - Clark Freeport Zone Asian Institute of College Studies St. Augustine School of Nursing Jocson College Inc. J&K International College AMA Computer University - Angeles STI College - Angeles Mega Computer College AMA Computer Learning Center - Angeles Computer System Specialist, Inc.

[edit]Primary

and Secondary Education

Angeles City Science High School (formerly ACNHS-Special Science Class) Holy Family Academy

O.B. Montessori Center Brightwoods School Heath's Montessori Learning Center, Inc. (formerly Heath's Montessori Center) Bright Star Learning Center AUF Integrated School Pax et Lumen Math & Science Academy Saint Paul American Christian School Westfields International School Clark Air Base School Philippine Science High School Central Luzon Campus (PSHS-CLC) St. John Integrated School, a La Salle Consultancy School Noblesse International School Cogic Montessori Center Foundation Inc. Royal International School Springhill Montessori School School of the Holy Child, Angeles, Inc. Clark Field Christian School Foundation, Inc. (C.F.C.S.F.I.) Philippine International Bible Institute Francisco G. Nepomuceno Memorial High School (formerly ACNHS-Pandan) Wagner High - Clark Air Base Achievers Special Education Center Humphrey Foundation Learning Center Integrated Computer School Foundation Christian Friendship Learning Center Chevalier School Narciso School Nazarene Academy Stedar Montessori Angeles City National Trade School L'Altra Montessori School, Inc. J.F. Kuzma School, Inc. C.C.E.M.I. (Christian, Charismatic, Ecumenical, Ministries, International) Academy Shepherd's Baptist Christian Academy Hillcrest Baptist Academy Mount Zion Sanctuary International School Foundation, Inc. Jesus Our Victory Academy Foundation Angeles Lip Lin School Claro M. Recto Information and Communication Technology Highschool Faith Builders Integrated School Mary Help Of Christians School Heath's Montessori Learning Center, Inc. (formerly Heath's Montessori Center) Proverbsville School, Inc. Shekinah Christian Academy Living Stone International School Saint Tomas Aquinas School
[57]

[edit]Climate

Angeles City experiences two distinct seasons: a dry season from November through April, with a wet season from May through October. From 1953 to 1991, the mean daily low was 73.6F and the mean daily high was 88.1F, with April being warmest and January coolest. The average annual rainfall is 78.39 inches. Typhoons tend to approach from the east during the summer and fall. Many damaging storms struck the city, including Typhoon Irma on November 28, 1974 (generally considered to be the strongest one);Typhoon Rita on October 27, 1978; Typhoon Irma (the name was reused) on November 24, 1981; Typhoon Ruby on October 25, 1988; and Typhoon Yunya on June 15, 1991 which coincided with the Mount Pinatubo blast. In July 1972, Central Luzon experienced a month of nearly continuous rain, resulting in 96 inches falling on the plain around Angeles.
[hide]Climate data for Clark Air Base, Angeles City, Republic of the Philippines Month Record high C (F) Jan
35 (95) 30 (86) 21 (70) 14 (57) 23 (0.91)

Feb
35 (95) 30 (86) 21 (70) 14 (57) 23 (0.91)

Mar
36 (97) 31 (88) 21 (70) 16 (61) 13 (0.51)

Apr
37 (99) 33 (91) 22 (72) 16 (61) 18 (0.71)

May
38 (100) 34 (93) 23 (73) 17 (63) 33 (1.3)

Jun
38 (100) 34 (93) 24 (75) 20 (68) 130 (5.12)

Jul
38 (100) 33 (91) 24 (75) 22 (72) 254 (10)

Aug
36 (97) 31 (88) 24 (75) 21 (70) 432 (17.01)

Sep
35 (95) 31 (88) 24 (75) 21 (70) 422 (16.61)

Oct
35 (95) 31 (88) 24 (75) 21 (70) 356 (14.02)

Nov
35 (95) 31 (88) 23 (73) 19 (66) 193 (7.6)

Dec
34 (93) 31 (88) 22 (72) 17 (63) 145 (5.71)

Year
38 (100) 31 (88) 23 (73) 14 (57) 2,042 (80.39)

Average high C (F)

Average low C (F)

Record low C (F)

Precipitation mm (inches)

Source: National Climatic Data Center.[58]

[edit]Welfare

groups and NGOs

The Philippine Children's Fund of America is an American charity dedicated to provide educational, medical, health and nutritional programs to needy children while addressing community empowerment through the provision of [59][60] training and livelihood opportunities to many Filipino families. Bahay Bata Center is a project launched by the Clark Centennial Rotary in 2001. It is an institution that seeks to uplift the welfare of the said children, placing them in a safe and caring environment and giving them all the basic [61][62] necessities of life like education, psychological support and spiritual guidance. Women's organizations include Women's Legal Bureau, Ing Makababaying Aksyon Foundation, the Nagkakaisang Kababaihan ng Angeles City Multi-Purpose Cooperative (NKAC or United Women of Angeles City Multi-Purpose [64] Cooperative) and the Women's Health Care Foundation (WEDPRO), which actively sponsors a clinic in the city.
[63]

[edit]Festivals

and local celebrations

Preparing for the Octoberfest 2009 along McArthur Highway in Balibago district.

Philippine International Hot-Air Balloon Fiesta is held annually between January and February at Clark Field, Angeles City, Pampanga. Considered to be the biggest aviation sports event in the country, it features multicolored hot-air [65] balloons with more than a hundred balloon pilots from around the world. La Naval Fiesta is held every second Sunday of October in commemoration of the Virgin of the Holy Rosary, whose intercession saw the victory of the Spanish fleet over the Dutch invaders. The city celebrates this fiesta with typical religious programs and homes display the finest traditions of hospitality in entertaining guests with the finest food and [66] drinks. Tigtigan Terakan keng Dalan (Music and Dancing on the Streets) is held every last Friday and Saturday night of October. It is the biggest street party held each year in the city, which lasts up to the wee hours of the following day. [67] Attended by celebrities and citizens alike, it features music from amateur and OPM bands.

Apu Fiesta (Piyestang Apu) is held on the last Friday of October. Devotees from all over Pampanga flock to the Apu shrine every Friday to venerate the supposedly miraculous image of Jesus Christ lying in thesepulcher. It is also every Friday when people buy household items, clothes and audio-video equipment in a makeshift market [68] calledtiangge at bargain prices. Sisig Festival (Sadsaran Qng Angeles) is also held every year in the month of December, celebrating the Kapampangan dish, sisig.It is now held at SM City-Clark but it was usually celebrated along the stretch of McArthur [69] Highway in Balibago. Sabat Santacruzan of Sapangbato

[edit]Notable

Angeleos

Lea Salonga is a Tony Award-winning singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the [70][71] musical, Miss Saigon. She spent the first six years of her childhood in Angeles City before moving to Manila. apl.de.ap, born Allan Pineda Lindo in Sapang Bato, Angeles City, is a member of the Grammy-award winning group, The Black Eyed Peas. He is famous throughout the Filipino community after the release of his life story of his [72][73] homeland the Philippines in a song called "The Apl Song" found on the Peas' 2003 album, Elephunk. Servillano Aquino was a Filipino general during the Philippine Revolution against Spain (1896 1898) and the Philippine-American War (18981902). He served as a delegate to the Malolos Congress and was the grandfather of Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. Vanessa Minnillo is an American television personality born in Clark Air Base, Angeles City and raised in Seattle, Washington andCharleston, South Carolina. She was Miss Teen USA 1998 and was a host on MTV's Total [74] Request Live. Efren "Bata" Reyes, referred to as "The Magician", is a very popular Filipino pool player. He is a former world [75] champion and considered to be one of history's greatest practitioners of pool. Hilda Koronel, born Susan Reid, is an award-winning actress who starred in around 45 films, many of which are [76][77] critically acclaimed, since 1970. Her father is an American who was a serviceman in Clark Air Base. Pepe Smith is a Filipino singer-songwriter, drummer, and guitarist and is considered an icon of original Filipino rock music or "Pinoy rock". Jaclyn Jose, born Mary Jane Sta. Ana Guck, and known for her memorable roles in the films Salome and Santa Juana, is a versatile cinematic and television actress having captured best actress accolades in both local and foreign [78] scenes. Cris Judd is an American actor and popular choreographer to Michael Jackson and Usher, but he is best known for having been married to American actress/singer Jennifer Lopez. He spent his childhood years in Clark Air [79][80][81] Base. Arwind Santos is a local basketball player, playing for Far Eastern University in the UAAP and the Magnolia Ice Cream Spinners in the Philippine Basketball League. He is now a San Miguel Beermen team player in the PBA. He was selected PBL's Most Valuable Player (2004), two-time UAAP's Most Valuable Player (20042005) and one-time [82][83] UAAP's Most Valuable Player (2005). Donita Rose born Donita Rose Cavett is a famous local television host and a former MTV VJ in Asia. Although born in Utah, U.S., she moved to Angeles City, where her American father was stationed at the U.S. base, when she was five [84][85] years old. Rodolfo Luat is one of the highest-ranking pool players of the Philippines. Popularly known as "Boy Samson" since [86][87] the 1970s because of his powerful break, he holds many Asian individual and team titles. Peter Valdes is an American-based software entrepreneur who was awarded one of the "10 Most Inspiring Technopreneurs in the Philippines in 2006". He was a co-founder of the globally successful Tivoli Software (an IBM [88][89][90] Company). Kristine Johnson is a co-anchor at WCBS-TV, making her the first Filipino-American to serve as the face of a major network newscast in New York and the entire U.S. East Coast. She was previously an anchor of Early

Today and Weekend Today. She was born in Clark Air Base and is currently residing in New Jersey with her husband [91][92] and two children.