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GERUND & INFINITIVE

(V + V ing) LIST of VERBS FOLLOWED by GERUNDS


1. admit 2. advise 3. anticipate 4. appreciate 5. avoid 6. bear 7. begin 8. complete 9. consider 10. continue 11. delay 12. deny 13. discuss 14. dislike 15. enjoy 16. finish 17. forget 18. hate 19. cant help 20. keep 21. like 22. love 23. mention 24. mind 25. miss 26. postpone 27. practice 28. prefer 29. quit 30. recall 31. recollect 32. recommend 33. regret 34. remember 35. resent 36. resist 37. risk 38. stand 39. start 40. stop 41. suggest 42. tolerate 43. try 44. understand He admitted stealing the money. She advised waiting until tomorrow. I anticipate having a good time on vacation. I appreciated hearing from them. He avoided answering my question. I can't bear waiting in long lines. It began raining. I finally completed writing my term paper. I will consider going with you. He continued speaking. He delayed leaving for school. She denied committing the crime. They discussed opening a new business. I dislike driving long distances. We enjoyed visiting them. She finished studying about ten. I'll never forget visiting Napoleon's tomb. I hate making silly mistakes. I can't help worrying about it. I keep hoping he will come. I like going to movies. I love going to operas. She mentioned going to a movie. Would you mind helping me with this? I miss being with my family. Let's postpone leaving until tomorrow. The athlete practiced throwing the ball. Ann prefers talking to driving to work. He quit trying to solve the problem. I dont recall meeting him before. I don't recollect meeting him before. She recommended seeing the show. I regret telling him my secret. I can remember meeting him when i was a child. I resent her interfering in my business. I couldn't resist eating the dessert. She risks losing all of her money. I can't stand waiting in long lines. It started raining. She stopped going to classes when she got sick. She suggested going to a movie. She won't tolerate cheating during an examination. I tried changing the light bulb, but the lamp still didn't work I don't understand his leaving school.

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(V + to V)
1. afford 2. agree 3. appear 4. arrange 5. ask 6. can't bear 7. beg 8. begin. 9. care 10. claim 11. consent 12. continue. 13. decide 14. demand 15. deserve 16. expect 17. fail 18. forge. 19. hate 20. hesitate 21. hope 22. learn 23. like 24. love 25. manage 26. mean 27. need 28. offer 29. plan 30. prefer 31. prepare 32. pretend 33. promise 34. refuse 35. regret. 36. remember 37. seem 38. can't stand 39. start 40. struggle 41. swear 42. threaten 43. try. 44. volunteer 45. wait 46. want 47. wish

VERBS FOLLOWED IMMEDIATELY BY AN INFINITIVE


I can't afford to buy it. They agreed to help us. She appears to be tired. I'11 arrange to meet you at the airport. He asked to come with us. I can't bear to wait in long lines. He begged to come with us. It began to rain. I don't care to see that show. She claims to know a famous movie star. She finally consented to marry him. He continued to speak. I have decided to leave on Monday. I demand to know who is responsible. She deserves to win the prize. I expect to enter graduate school in the fall. She failed to return the book to the library on time. I forgot to mail the letter. I hate to make sil1y mistakes. Don't hesitate to ask for my help. Jack hopes to arrive next week. He learned to play the piano. I like to go to the movies. I love to go to operas. She managed to finish her work early. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. I need to have your opinion. They offered to help us. I am planning to have a party. Ann prefers to walk to work. We prepared to welcome them. He pretends not to understand. I promise not to be late. I refuse to believe his story. I regret to tell you that you failed. I remembered to lock the do or. That cat seems to be friendly. I can't stand to wait in long lines. It started to rain. I struggled to stay awake. She swore to tell the truth. She threatened to tell my parents. Im trying to learn English. He volunteered to help us. I will wait to hear from you. I want to tell you something. She wishes to come with us.

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(V+ pro(noun)+to V)
VERBS FOLLOWED BY A (PRO) NOUN+AN INFINITIVE
1. advise 2. allow 3. ask 4. beg 5. cause 6. challenge 7. convince 8. dare 9. encourage 10. expect 11. forbid 12. force 13. hire 14. instruct 15. invite 16. need 17. order 18. permit 19. persuade 20. remind 21. require 22. teach 23. tell 24. urge 25. want 26. warn She advised me to wait until tomorrow. She allowed me to use her car. I asked John to help us. They begged us to come. Her laziness caused her to fail. She challenged me to race her to the corner. I couldn't convince him to accept our help. He dared me to do better than he had done. He encouraged me to try again. I expect you to be on time. I forbid you to tell him. They forced him to tell the truth. She hired a boy to mow the lawn. He instructed them to be carefu1 Harry invited the Johnsons to come to his party. We needed Chris to help us figure out the solution. The judge ordered me to pay a fine. He permitted the children to stay up late. I persuaded him to come for a visit. She reminded me to lock the door. Our teacher requires us to be on time. My brother taught me to swim. The doctor told me to take these pills. I urged her to apply for the job. I want you to be happy. I warned you not to drive too fast. VERBS FOLLOWED BY IT + INFINITIVE OR A PREPOSIONAL EXPRESSIONS FOLLOWED BY GERUNDS GERUNDS OR INFINITIVES GERUND SUBJECT be accused of V-ing admit to V/V-ing mind be a bad experience be accustomed to advise need be a bad idea in addition to afford offer be better be afraid agree permit be clever apologize (to someone) for ask persuade be dangerous believe in avoid plan be difficult blame (someone) for beg postpone be easy be capable of begin prefer be essential be committed to consider prepare be foolish complain about continue pretend be a good experience dream of convince promise be a good idea forgive (someone) for decide quit be fun be excited about demand recall be hard be guilty of deny refuse be important instead of discuss regret be impossible be interested in dislike remember be interesting look forward to encourage remind be necessary be opposed to enjoy risk be a pleasure prevent (someone) from expect seem be possible be scared of fail start be relaxing stop (someone) from force stop take effort succeed in forget struggle take energy take advantage of hesitate suggest take money be terrified of hope threaten take patience thank (someone) for invite wait take time think of learn want be tired of like warn be worried about manage

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QUIZ1: (10pts.)___ Change the verb in parentheses into a gerund: 1. (skydive)____________can be dangerous. 2. (eat) We finished _____________the meal three hours ago. 3. (swear) My grandmother wont tolerate ______________. 4. (sweep) After ______________the floor, you can clean the windows. 5. (fight) ________________with your sister will get you in trouble. 6. (dance) He loves ________________. 7. (cough) His _______________kept his sister awake all night. 8. (lie) _______________is a terrible habit. 9. (waste) She insists on _____________ her time. 10. (gamble) _____________ is risky. QUIZ 2: (5pts.)__For each question, change the sentence so that it uses a gerund, like this: It is important to study hard. --> Studying hard is important. 1. It is difficult to read Japanese. _________________________________________________________________ 2. It is essential for a business person to have a laptop computer. _________________________________________________________________ 3. It is depressing to be poor. _________________________________________________________________ 4. It was exciting to climb Ararat Mountain in 1998. _________________________________________________________________ 5. It will be hard to pass the final test. _________________________________________________________________

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QUIZ3: (9pts.)___Gerund and Preposition Use: Complete the sentences by using a preposition and the words in parentheses. Remember that verbs should be put into the gerund form as they follow a preposition. 1. Jack decided on chicken instead (order/steak). Jack decided on chicken instead of ordering. 2. I'm interested (watch/film) by Alfred Hitchcock. ________________________________________________________________ 3. He apologized (be/late). ________________________________________________________________ 4. I certainly can't blame you (not/want) to come. ________________________________________________________________ 5. She's thinking (study/England). ________________________________________________________________ 6. We are really very excited (hike/Andes) this coming summer. ________________________________________________________________ 7. Katherine isn't really used (walk/work). ________________________________________________________________ 8. We thanked them (drive/us/home) after the football game. ________________________________________________________________ 9. Could you please tell me who is responsible (accept/applications)? ________________________________________________________________ 10. I'm sure she has a good reason (not/be/here). ________________________________________________________________ QUIZ 4: (10pts)___ GERUND OR INFINITIVE? 1. I remember _____ the President in Ankara. a. meet b. to meet c. meeting d. to meeting 2. Did you remember _____ the letter? a. post b. to post c. posting d. to posting 3. I'm not used _____ up this early. a. get b. to get c. getting d. to getting 4. I used _____ to the cinema a lot. a. go b. to go c. going d. to going 5. I regret _____ Mary about the weddding. a. tell b. to tell c. telling d. to telling 6. Mrs Jones, I regret _____ you that your credit limit has been exceeded. a. inform b. to inform c. informing d. to informing 7. Stop _____ this terrible noise at once! a. make b. to make c. making d. to making 8. I wanted to stop _____ some presents, but we didn't have enough time. a. to b. to buy c. buying d. to buying 9. Look, it's starting _____ . a. rain b. to rain c. raining d. to raining 10. I started _____ English when I was four. a. learn b. to learn c. learning d. to learning

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QUIZ 5: (19pts)___ GERUND AND INFINITIVE THE GERUND (VERBAL NOUN/-ING FORM) Sample: 1. He said that he had stolen the watch. He admitted stealing the watch. 2. He said that she must go with him. He insisted on her ________________________________ 3. I would like to see the film again. I wouldn't mind __________________________________ 4. Let's leave the car here. What about______________________________________? 5. He drove too quickly, so they arrested him. He was arrested for ________________________________ 6. Why don't we stop here? What about ______________________________________? 7. Paul wonders if he might emigrate. Paul is thinking of ________________________________. 8. He told us he was sorry that he was late. He apologised for _________________________________ 9. He will resign, no matter what I say. I can't prevent him ________________________________. 10. Sorry to disturb you like this. Forgive me for ___________________________________. 11. He told them that he was guilty. He admitted _____________________________________. 12. He complained over and over again. He kept on ________________________________. 13. The park attendant told them they were not allowed to walk on the grass. The park attendant told them to stop __________________. 14. It cost too much. It wasn't worth ________________________________(buy). 15. It was kind of you to meet me. Thank you for ___________________________________. 16. It was kind of you to lend me the book. Thank you for ___________________________________. 17. I t would be quite pleasant to go to the concert. I wouldn't mind ________________________________. 18. I would be grateful if you would not play that rock music. Would you mind not ________________________________. 19. "Why don't we stay at home and play Monopoly," he said. He suggested _____________________________________. 20. "It wasn't me," he protested. He denied _______________________________________.

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QUIZ 6: (10pts)___
1. We have agree----------- smoking a. to quit b. quitting 2. We were afraid of -------------weight a. to gain b. gaining c. both to quit and quitting c. both to gain and gaining

3. Have you considered-----------------to a specialist? a. to go b. going c. both to go and going 4. Do you like --------------an evening watching television? a. to spend b. spending c. both to spend and spending. 5. Even though it was raining very hard, we would like ------------- to the park. a. to have gone b. going c. both to have gone and going 6. I remember -------------------- much more than I should have. a. to drink b. drinking c. both to drink and drinking 7. If your TV remote doesnt work, maybe you should try ----------------- the batteries. a. to change b. changing c. both to change and changing 8. We tried----------------the fire department, but the phone lines were down. a. to call b. calling c. both to call and calling 9. I dont min-----------------museums if theyre really interesting. a. to visit b. visiting c both to visit and visiting 10. We advised Carlos------------------his attorney a. to call b. calling c. both to call and calling

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QUIZ 6: (12pts)___
Gerund or Infinitive: "-ing" or "to" Complete with the gerund or infinitive of the verb given. 1. I can't think of (go) ___________ to visit her in hospital without (buy)_________some flowers. 2. The examiner gave the students some time (think) ____________. 3. The band plans (start) (play) ____________ ____________ by 9pm. 4. The play is programmed (start) ________ at 7pm, so we have decided (meet) _________ at 6.30. 5. I am looking forward to (see) ____________ the film again. 6. I intend (study) ____________ English (understand) ____________ American business methods. 7. She still plans on _______ (marry) him even after he refused _______ (buy) an engagement ring. 8. I cannot resist ____________ (eat) fish and chips when I am in England. 9. She enjoys ____________ (go) to parties and (dance) in discos all night long. 10. I stopped (live) __________ in London when I realised it was time for me (move) _________ on. 11. Don't forget (turn) ____________ off the heating before (leave) ____________ the house. 12. I understood (buy) ____________ red roses for your girlfriend on St Valentine's Day was a bit old-fashioned.

FCE Use of English Part 3: 'Key' Word Transformation


7) Verb Patterns
You knowledge of verb patterns such as gerund and infinitive is frequently tested. For Questions 1-8, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words. 1. It's really important that you pay the bill today. REMEMBER You must ................................................ the bill today. 2. I think it would be a good idea if you joined the beginner's class. SUGGEST I .................................................... the beginners class.

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3. Meeting John in town was really surprising. EXPECT I ..................................................... John in town. 4. In the future she became a successful business woman. WENT She ................................................... a successful business woman. 5. I'll help you with your homework. MIND I ...................................................... you with your homework. 6. I hated driving on the left at first but now it's OK. USED I ....................................................... on the left now. 7. Don't bother to apply for the job. POINT There ......................................................... for the job. 8. Were you successful in passing the exam? MANAGE Did ............................................................ the exam? 1-Correct answers:

remember to pay 2-suggest joining suggest you join suggest that you join 3-did not expect to meet didn't expect to meet 4-went on to become 5-do not mind helping don't mind helping 6-am used to driving 'm used to driving 've got used to driving 7-is no point in applying 's no point in applying is no point applying 8-is no point in applying 's no point in applying is no point applying

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