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Element D Services

Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning

D300102 Laboratory Load Calculation Criteria

PART 1 - GENERAL
1.01 OVERVIEW A. This section supplements Design Guideline Element D3001 with specific requirements for patient treatment occupancies that the A/E must incorporate when calculating HVAC cooling and heating loads. B. Load calculations must be performed in accordance with the latest ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals. C. Refer to Design Guideline Element D3001 for general design criteria related to outdoor design conditions, internal loads, occupant density, occupant heat rejection, building envelope, and system zoning.

PART 2 - DESIGN CRITERIA


2.01 INDOOR DESIGN CONDITIONS A. The following table applies to Laboratory spaces that are in addition to office spaces, which are listed in Design Guideline Element D3001.
Application Summer Dry Bulb (F) Winter Dry Bulb (F) Relative Humidity (%)

Womens Restroom Mens Restroom Tissue Culture Room Cold Room Flex Room Chemical Fume Hood Room Dark Room LN 2 Freezer Room Glass Wash Room Storage Room Equipment Room

74F 2F 74F 2F 74F 2F 19F 0.1F 74F 2F 74F 2F 70F 2F 74F 2F 74F 2F 74F 2F 80F 5F

68F 2F 68F 2F 72F 2F 19F 0.1F 68F 2F 68F 2F 68F 2F 68F 2F 68F 2F 72F 2F 55F 5F

30-50 30-50 30-50 30-50 30-50 30-50 30-50 30-50 30-50 30-50 25-50

B. It is recognized that occasional excursions beyond the above design conditions will occur due to a variety of factors, but such excursions should not prevent generally intended function of the space. C. Humidification for control shall be provided for applications where indicated. Size the steam delivering capacity of the humidifier to maintain the room at mean 45 percent relative humidity, at minimum design air temperature of 72 degrees F during winter minimum outside air temperature conditions. Size the capacity to maintain relative humidity in the space at mean 45 percent at a maximum condition of 74 degrees F. The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center ODG021110 LABORATORY LOAD CALCULATION CRITERIA D300102 1 OF 4

Element D Services
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning

D300102 Laboratory Load Calculation Criteria

D. Coordinate environmental temperature limits and humidity requirements for special equipment in accordance with manufacturers recommendations. E. Depending on HVAC system used, it should be recognized that re-heat energy requirements can result in lower cooling operation setpoints being less costly to operate than higher setpoints. 2.02 INTERNAL LOADS A. When calculating HVAC system loads for selecting airside equipment, incorporate the following safety margins, unless directed otherwise by Owner during the Schematic Design phase: 1. Use 8 watts per square foot for internal sensible plug power loads. 2. Apply a 20 percent safety factor to sensible and latent Btuh loads for system design capacity to the chilled water system. 3. Size each chiller at less then 100 percent of total load capacity, which includes a 20 percent safety factor, however, each chiller must have sufficient capacity to maintain a controlled temperature environment for rooms or support spaces identified by Owners research staff as critical to research operations. 2.03 OCCUPANT DENSITY A. Confirm the number of occupants with the Facility Program or Pre-Design Report as space programming is finalized. 2.04 OCCUPANT HEAT REJECTION A. In general, use heat gain rates for occupants listed in ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, Chapter 30. 2.05 VENTILATION LOADS A. Design Guideline Element D304202 Laboratory Exhaust Ventilation provides air change rates for different type of laboratory spaces and support rooms. B. Different types of Biological Safety Cabinets with their design exhaust rates that affect room ventilation rates are listed within Design Guideline Element D304202. 2.06 SYSTEM ZONING A. In determining zones for air handling unit service, consider the following: 1. Functional use of the space. For example, tissue culture rooms and chemical fume hood rooms will require separation of duct distribution systems or air handling systems to prevent the possibility of cross contamination from one controlled space to another.

The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center ODG021110

LABORATORY LOAD CALCULATION CRITERIA D300102 2 OF 4

Element D Services
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning

D300102 Laboratory Load Calculation Criteria

2. Discuss proposed air handling unit zoning with Owner prior to proceeding with Schematic Design. B. In general, terminal unit zoning will be as follows: 1. Limit maximum zone temperature control per tissue culture room and other support rooms. 2. Zone areas in accordance with functional use of the space.

PART 3 - SPECIAL CONTRACT DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS


3.01 GENERAL A. Unless stated otherwise in these Owners Design Guidelines, the A/E need not submit calculations or economic analysis for review. Copies must be retained and presented however, to Owner for review upon request.

PART 4 - PRODUCTS
4.01 GENERAL A. For renovation projects, refer to Owners Master Construction Specifications. These are available on the Owners Design Guidelines website: http://www2.mdanderson.org/depts/cpm/standards/specs.html

The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center ODG021110

LABORATORY LOAD CALCULATION CRITERIA D300102 3 OF 4

Element D Services
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning

D300102 Laboratory Load Calculation Criteria

PART 5 - DOCUMENT REVISION HISTORY


Issue
Rev. 1 Rev. 2

Date
01-01-07 02-27-07 12-09-08

Revision Description
Initial Adoption of Element Revised cold room temperature and humidity per JGC comment Included sustainability requirements throughout document based upon TGCEs evaluation. (Paragraphs 2.01; 2.01 B; 2.01 E & 2.04 A; ) Added load value of 8 watts per square foot for internal sensible plug power loads. Paragraph 2.02 A. 1.

Reviser
PDN JCD

Rev. 3 Rev. 4 Rev. 5

02-11-10

PDN

END OF ELEMENT D300102

The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center ODG021110

LABORATORY LOAD CALCULATION CRITERIA D300102 4 OF 4