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A319/A320/A321 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL MECHANICS / ELECTRICS & AVIONICS COURSE 21 AIR CONDITIONING

This document must be used for training purpose only

Under no circumstances should this document be used as a reference.

It will not be updated.

All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form, by photostat, microfilm, retrieval system, or any other means, without the prior written permission of Airbus Industrie.

A319/A320/A321 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL _ MECHANICS / ELECTRICS & AVIONICS COURSE 21 AIR CONDITIONING

21 AIR CONDITIONING
UC64200 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page AVIONICS VENTILATION System Controls and Indicating (1) ............ 207 ** System Warnings (3) ......................... 211 System Description Operation (3)............... 223 ** System Interfaces (3) ....................... 233 ** Components (3) ............................... 237 FORWARD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING System Presentation (1) ........................ 261 System Controls Presentation (3)............... 265 ECAM Page Presentation (1) ..................... 269 ** System Warnings (3) ......................... 273 ** Components (3) ............................... 275 AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING System Presentation (1) ........................ 291 System Controls Presentation (3)............... 295 ECAM Page Presentation (1) ..................... 299 ** System Warnings (3) ......................... 303 ** Components (3) ............................... 305 MAINTENANCE PRACTICES SPECIFIC PAGES ** CFDS Specific Page Presentation (3) ...... 321

GENERAL System Presentation (1) .......................... 1 System Controls and Indicating (1)............... 7 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL System Presentation (1) ......................... 13 Pack Presentation (1)............................ 19 System Controls Presentation (1) (A320/A319) ... 23 System Controls Presentation (1) (A321) ........ 29 ECAM Pages Presentation (1) ..................... 35 System Warnings (3) .............................. 41 ** Flow Control & Pack Components D/O (2) ...... 43 ** Pack Sensors Description/Operation (3) ...... 49 ** Cockpit & Cabin Components D/O (3) .......... 55 ** Zone & Pack Controller Interfaces (3) ....... 61 Emergency Ram Air Inlet Operation (3) .......... 67 ** Pack Components (3) .......................... 71 Pack Sensor Components (3) ...................... 99 ** Zone Components (3) ......................... 111 Emergency Ram Air Inlet Components (3) ........ 139 PRESSURIZATION System Design Philosophy (1) ................... 143 System Presentation (3) ........................ 147 System Controls and Indicating (1) ............ 153 ECAM Page Presentation (1) ..................... 157 System Warnings (3) ............................. 163 ** System Control Interfaces (3)............... 179 ** System Monitoring Interfaces (3) ........... 185 Components (3) .................................. 189 Functional Test of MAN Motor (3)............... 199 GENERAL VENTILATION System Design Philosophy (1) ................... 203

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CONTENTS: Introduction Presentation

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GENERAL - SYSTEM PRESENTATION


The air conditioning system maintains the air in the pressurized fuselage zones at the correct levels of temperature, freshness and pressure INTRODUCTION Air supply comes from the pneumatic system. Then, air is regulated in temperature by the temperature regulation sub-system. Proper ventilation of the avionics equipment is ensured by the avionics ventilation sub-system. The pressurization sub-system ensures a cabin altitude compatible with crew and passenger comfort.

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PRESENTATION Bleed air coming from the pneumatic system is controlled in flow before reaching two air conditioning packs which ensure basic temperature regulation. Air delivered by the packs is mixed with recirculated air from the cabin zones. Fine temperature adjustment of air distributed in the pressurized zones is obtained by controlling the amount of hot air added to the air coming from the mixer unit. Correct pressurization is obtained by controlling the conditioned air discharge through one outflow valve.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-00-00 GENERAL SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING


CONTENTS: Overhead Panel Main Instrument Panel

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OVERHEAD PANEL The air conditioning system controls are located on the overhead panel.

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MAIN INSTRUMENT PANEL The air conditioning system can be monitored on the ECAM system display. System information is shown on the following pages : - BLEED page: pack and emergency ram air. - AIR COND page: cockpit and cabin temperature control, cargo ventilation and heating. - PRESS page: pressurization and avionics ventilation. - CRUISE page: zone temperature and main pressurization system parameters.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM PRESENTATION


CONTENTS: Basic Principle Pack Units Mixer Unit Hot Air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) Hot Trim Air Air Distribution Lavatory And Galley Ventilation Temperature Regulation Pack Controllers Zone Controller Self Examination

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BASIC PRINCIPLE Hot air coming from the air bleed system is flow regulated before entering the packs in order to be temperature regulated. Hot air pressure is maintained above the cabin pressure allowing the hot air flow to join the pack air supply when necessary. A part of cabin air is recirculated to decrease air supply demand. Note: the lavatories and galleys are ventilated with air coming from zones and main distribution ducts. PACK UNITS The air flow from the Air Bleed system is regulated by two pack flow control valves. Then two independent packs provide regulated temperature air to the mixer unit. Both packs provide air at the same temperature. MIXER UNIT The mixer unit mixes regulated temperature air from the packs with part of the cabin air supplied by recirculation fans. The mixer unit may also receive conditioned air from a low pressure ground connection or fresh outside air from the emergency Ram Air Inlet. The emergency Ram Air Inlet provides outside fresh air for ventilation of the aircraft in emergency conditions (loss of both packs or smoke removal). HOT AIR PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE Hot air tapped upstream of the packs supplies the trim air valves through a hot air pressure regulating valve. This valve regulates the downstream pressure above the cabin pressure. HOT TRIM AIR A trim air valve associated with each zone optimizes the temperature by adding hot air, if necessary, to the cold air coming from the mixer unit. AIR DISTRIBUTION The conditioned air is distributed to three main zones: - cockpit, - forward cabin, - and aft cabin. Normally the mixer unit allows the cockpit to be supplied from pack 1 and, FWD and AFT cabins from pack 2. LAVATORY AND GALLEY VENTILATION The lavatory and galley ventilation system uses air from the cabin zones. A fan extracts this air through an outflow valve. Note: The LAV and GALLEY extract air is used to ventilate the cabin zone temperature sensors.

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TEMPERATURE REGULATION The temperature regulation is automatic and controlled by the corresponding pack controller which in turn is controlled by the zone controller. This optimizes the temperature regulation. Each zone and pack controller consists of one primary channel and one electrically independent secondary channel respectively called primary and secondary computers. The secondary computer acts as a back up in case of failure of the primary computer. PACK CONTROLLERS Each pack controller provides: - basic temperature regulation of its associated pack in accordance with the demand from the zone controller. - and flow control and monitoring of its associated pack in accordance with the flow control demand from the zone controller. ZONE CONTROLLER The zone controller generates signals to the pack controller for basic temperature regulation and flow control optimization. It optimizes the temperature regulation by means of trim air valves to obtain the selected ambient temperature in the related zone. The lowest zone temperature demand is used by the Zone Controller for basic temperature regulation to achieve the required outlet temperature of both packs.

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SELF EXAMINATION What is the purpose of the pack? A - To regulate hot air pressure. B - To adjust the temperature in the three zones. C - To regulate basic temperature. What is the function of each pack controller? A - To control the corresponding pack and flow control valve. B - To control the trim air valves. C - To control the zone controller. What is A B C the purpose of the zone controller? - To control zone temperature. - To control the flow control valves. - To control the packs.

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How is the basic temperature regulated by the Zone Controller? A - By using the lowest zone temperature demand. B - By using the temperature demanded in the three zones. C - By using the highest zone temperature demand. What is the function of the trim air valve? A - To optimize the zone temperature by adding cold air. B - To optimize the zone temperature by adding hot air. C - To regulate the hot air pressure.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-50-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL PACK PRESENTATION

CONTENTS: Pack Flow Control Valve Exchangers - Compressor Turbine Anti-Ice Valve RAM Air Inlet Flap and ByPass Valve Self Examination

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PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE Each pack flow control valve is pneumatically operated and electrically controlled. The flow regulation is achieved by a torque motor under pack controller control. In case of pack compressor overheat, (230C = 446F), the pack Flow Control Valve starts to close pneumatically. Note: Part of the hot air, downstream of the pack Flow Control Valve, is sent to the hot air Pressure Regulating Valve Both pack Flow Control Valves are automatically closed during engine start sequence and reopened 30 seconds after engine start. EXCHANGERS - COMPRESSOR Bleed air is ducted to the primary heat exchanger, then to the compressor. The air is cooled in the main heat exchanger. Then it passes through the reheater, the condenser and the water extractor in order to remove water particles from the turbine air.
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ANTI-ICE VALVE The pack controller controls the anti-ice valve to pneumatically open in order to stop ice formation across the pack condenser. In case of complete pack controller failure, the anti-ice valve is signalled to pneumatically control the pack outlet temperature (to the mixer unit) to 15C(59F). RAM AIR INLET FLAP AND BYPASS VALVE The ByPass Valve and the RAM air inlet flap are simultaneously controlled by the pack controller. The ByPass Valve is electrically controlled to modulate the pack discharge temperature by adding hot air. The RAM air inlet flap modulates the air flow through the exchangers. - To increase cooling, the RAM air inlet flap opens more and the ByPass Valve closes more. - To increase heating, the RAM air inlet flap closes more and the ByPass Valve opens more. During take-off and landing, the RAM air Inlet flap is fully closed to prevent ingestion of foreign objects.

TURBINE The air expands in the turbine section which results in a very low turbine discharge air temperature. The turbine drives the compressor and the cooling air fan.

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SELF EXAMINATION What is the main purpose of the A - To stop ice formation heat exchanger. B - To stop ice formation heat exchanger. C - To stop ice formation condenser. anti-ice valve? across the primary across the main across the pack

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What is purpose of the ByPass Valve? A - To reduce the air flow to the compressor stage. B - To modulate the pack discharge temperature. C - To increase the air flow to the turbine stage. What is the purpose of the RAM air inlet flap? A - To ensure cabin ventilation in case both packs fail. B - To provide air to the pack compressor. C - To modulate the main air flow through the heat exchangers.

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CONTENTS: Pack Flow Control Valve Pushbutton Pack Flow Selector Hot Air Valve Pushbutton Temperature Selectors Ram Air Pushbutton Fan Pushbutton Self Examination

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PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE PUSHBUTTON When pack 1 (or pack 2) pushbutton is pressed in, the pack Flow Control Valve electro-pneumatically regulates the pack inlet air flow. When set to OFF, the pack Flow Control Valve is maintained closed electrically. The pack Flow Control Valve is electrically controlled to close for: - Engine start, - Engine fire pushbutton released out, - Ditching pushbutton set to ON. and pneumatically controlled to close for: - pack overheat, - lack of air pressure. PACK FLOW SELECTOR The PACK FLOW selector permits selection of pack valve flow according to number of passengers and ambient conditions. Select: - "LO": if number of passengers is below 81, - "HI": for abnormal hot and humid conditions Note: When "LO" is selected and cooling or heating cannot be carried out, the zone controller automatically provides a normal flow and if necessary increases the engine power.Whatever the selection, the zone controller automatically provides high flow in case of bleed air taken from the APU or single pack operation. HOT AIR VALVE PUSHBUTTON When the HOT AIR pushbutton is pressed in, the hot air Pressure Regulating Valve opens and pneumatically regulates hot air pressure above the cabin pressure. When set to OFF, the valve closes electrically as well as the Trim Air Valves. Without air pressure the hot air Pressure Regulating Valve is springloaded closed. In case of duct temperature above 88oC (190.4oF) it is automatically electrically closed. When it is electrically closed, the cockpit, FWD and AFT Trim Air Valves are also closed. TEMPERATURE SELECTORS The COCKPIT, FWD CABIN, AFT CABIN selectors enable the selection of the desired ambient temperature in the corresponding zone. The zone controller takes into account the Mixer Unit temperature (recircultated air influence) to generate a Pack temperature demand to satisfy the lowest selected zone temperature. It also controls Trim Air Valves to add hot air for other zone fine temperature adjustment.

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RAM AIR PUSHBUTTON When the RAM AIR pushbutton is set to ON, the emergency ram air inlet flap opens, provided the ditching pushbutton switch is in normal position. When it is released out, the emergency ram air inlet flap closes. NOTE: The outflow valve automatically opens to ventilate the cabin when the cabin differential pressure is less than 1 psi. In these conditions the outflow valve half opens if the RAM AIR P/B is pressed in. Otherwise, the valve fully opens. FAN PUSHBUTTON When the CAB FANS pushbutton is pressed in, the cabin recirculation fans run. When set to OFF, the fans stop.

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SELF EXAMINATION What flow is delivered by the pack with the PACK FLOW selector on LO and bleed air supplied by the APU? A - Low. B - Normal. C - High. What happens when the RAM AIR pushbutton is set to ON? A - The ram air inlet flaps of the air conditioning packs open. B - The ram air intlet flaps of the air conditioning packs close. C - The emergency ram air inlet flap opens.

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CONTENTS: Pack Flow Control Valve Pushbutton ECON FLOW Pushbutton Hot Air Valve Pushbutton Temperature Selectors Ram Air Pushbutton Fan Pushbutton Self Examination

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PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE PUSHBUTTON When the pack 1 (or pack 2) pushbutton is pressed in, the pack Flow Control Valve electro-pneumatically regulates the pack inlet air flow. When set to OFF, the pack Flow Control Valve is maintained closed electrically. The Pack Flow Control valve is electrically controlled to close for: - engine start, - engine fire pushbutton released out, - ditching pushbutton set to ON. and pneumatically controlled to close for: - pack overheat, - lack of air pressure. ECON FLOW PUSHBUTTON The ECON FLOW pushbutton permits economic or normal pack flow according to the number of passengers and ambient conditions (smoke removal, hot or wet conditions). - ON: ECON FLOW is selected, - OFF: Normal flow is selected. Normal flow provides 20% more than ECON FLOW. A Maximum flow is automatically selected in single pack operation, with APU bleed supply or when cooling demand cannot be satisfied. HOT AIR VALVE PUSHBUTTON When the hot air pushbutton is pressed in, the hot air Pressure Regulating Valve opens and pneumatically regulates hot air pressure above the cabin pressure. When set to OFF, the valve closes electrically as well as the Trim Air Valves. Without air pressure, the hot air pressure regulating valve is spring loaded closed. In case of duct temperature above 88C(190.40F), it is automatically electrically closed. When it is electrically closed, the cockpit FWD and AFT Trim Air Valves are also closed. TEMPERATURE SELECTORS The COCKPIT, FWD CABIN, AFT CABIN selectors enable the selection of the desired ambient temperature in the corresponding zone. The zone controller takes into account the Mixer Unit temperature (recircultated air influence) to generate a Pack temperature demand to satisfy the lowest selected zone temperature. It also controls Trim Air Valves to add hot air for other zone fine temperature adjustment.

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RAM AIR PUSHBUTTON When the ram air pushbutton is set to ON, the emergency ram air inlet flap opens, provided the ditching pushbutton switch is in normal position. When it is released out, the emergency ram air inlet flap closes. NOTE: The outflow valve automatically opens to ventilate the cabin when the cabin differential pressure is less than 1 psi. In these conditions the outflow valve half opens if the RAM AIR P/B is pressed in. Otherwise, the valve fully opens. FAN PUSHBUTTON When the CAB FANS pushbutton is pressed in, the cabin recirculation fans run. When set to OFF, the fans stop.

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SELF EXAMINATION What flow is delivered by the pack with ECON FLOW P/B in off position? A - ECON FLOW. B - Normal flow + 20 %. C - ECON FLOW + 20 %. What happens when the RAM AIR pushbutton is set to ON? A - The ram air inlet flaps of the air conditioning packs open. B - The ram air intlet flaps of the air conditioning packs close. C - The emergency ram air inlet flap opens.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL ECAM PAGES PRESENTATION


CONTENTS: Pack Flow Control Valve Pack Flow Indication Pack Compressor Outlet Temperature Turbine Bypass Valve Position Pack Outlet Temperature Emergency Ram Air Inlet Flap Position Duct Supply Hot Air Pressure Regulating Valve Zone Controller Fault Indication Cabin Fan Fault Indication Trim Air Valves Position Zone Duct Temperature Zone Temperature Temperature Unit

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PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE The pack flow control valve indication is normally green. It becomes amber if the valve is not in agreement with the demanded position. PACK FLOW INDICATION Normally, the pack flow indication is given by a green pointer on a white scale. PACK FLOW: LO: LOW FLOW HI: HIGH FLOW Note: The flow control indication is amber if the pack flow control valve is closed. PACK COMPRESSOR OUTLET TEMPERATURE Normally, the pack compressor oultlet temperature indication is green. Amber if temperature above 230C (446F). TURBINE BYPASS VALVE POSITION Normally, the turbine bypass valve position indication is given by a green pointer on a white scale. - C: Cold (valve closed) - H: Hot (valve open) - XX: invalid signal (amber). PACK OUTLET TEMPERATURE The pack outlet temperature indication is green. Amber if temperature is above 90C (194F). XX: invalid signal. EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP POSITION The emergency ram air inlet flap position indication is green when closed. DUCT SUPPLY Normally, the duct supply indication is green. Amber if both pack valves are closed.

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - ECAM PAGES PRESENTATION


HOT AIR PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE The Hot Air pressure regulating valve indication is green when open or closed, amber when faulty. ZONE CONTROLLER FAULT INDICATION ZONE TEMPERATURE The zone controller fault indication appears in case of controller fault. - ALTN MODE: Primary zone controller fault - PACK REG: Zone controller fault (basic regulation by packs only) - No indication: Zone controller normal operation. CABIN FAN FAULT INDICATION The cabin fan fault indication appears amber if a fault is detected. No indication if no fault. TRIM AIR VALVE POSITION The zone trim air valve position indication is given by a green pointer on a white scale. - C: Cold (valve closed) - H: Hot (valve open) - XX: Invalid signal. The zone temperature indication is green. XX: Invalid signal. The cockpit and cabin compartment temperature is also displayed on the CRUISE ECAM page. Zone temperature is normally displayed in green. XX(amber): Temperature data is not available. TEMPERATURE UNIT The temperature unit of measure is indicated in cyan. C: Degrees Celcius. ZONE DUCT TEMPERATURE Normally, the zone duct temperature indication is green. Amber if higher than 80C (176F).

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM WARNINGS


CONTENTS: Pack 1 (or 2) Overheat Pack 1 (or 2) Fault Pack 1 (or 2) Off Pack 1 (or 2) Regulation Fault Pack 1 + 2 Fault Cockpit (or FWD Cabin or AFT Cabin) Duct Overheat Hot Air Fault Trim Air Sys Fault (Trim Air Valve Fault) Zone Regulation Fault Left + Right Cabin Fan Fault Lavatory + Galley Fan Fault Trim Air Sys Fault (Trim Air Sys Overpressure)

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-50-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O
CONTENTS: Ozone Filter (Option) Flow Sensor - Flow Control Valve ByPass Valve (BPV) Ram Air Inlet Flap Anti-ice Valve (AIV) Air Cycle Machine (ACM) Exchangers - Reheater - Condenser Water Extractor Check valve Self Examination

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O


OZONE FILTER (OPTION) An ozone filter is installed upstream of each Flow Control Valve. It is used for catalytic removal of ozone from the hot bleed air supplied to the pack. FLOW SENSOR - FLOW CONTROL VALVE A flow sensor connected to the FCV senses a differential pressure equivalent to the airflow through the valve inlet. This differential pressure is transformed into an electrical signal and sent to the pack controller for actual flow calculation. According to the actual flow calculation and the flow demand, the pack controller generates an FCV drive signal in order to control the FCV torque motor (M). The valve butterfly is thus electro-pneumatically operated. The FCV has a shut-off solenoid (S), which is energized in case of: - engine start (the FCV reopens 30 seconds afterwards), - ENG FIRE P/B released out, - DITCHING P/B pressed in, - applicable PACK P/B set to OFF. The FCV also automatically closes in case of: - low bleed pressure (valve spring loaded closed), - compressor overheat (muscle pressure venting by means of the Compressor PNeumatic Overheat Sensor(CPNOH)). BYPASS VALVE (BPV) The ByPass Valve regulates the pack discharge temperature by adding hot bleed air to the air cycle machine for quick pack response. The ByPass Valve is electrically operated by a stepper motor (M) controlled by the pack controller according to the the water extractor temperature. RAM AIR INLET FLAP The ram air inlet flap modulates the airflow through the exchangers in order to control the temperature of the pack outlet. The ram air inlet flap is actuated by an electric actuator controlled by the pack controller according to the water extractor temperature in order to obtain optimum pack cooling airflow. The ram air inlet flap closes during take-off and landing.

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ANTI-ICE VALVE (AIV) The Anti-Ice Valve removes any excessive ice formation across the condenser or maintains the pack outlet temperature at a fixed value, if the pack controller is unable to control the ByPass Valve. The Anti-Ice Valve is pneumatically operated and electrically controlled by a solenoid (S). - Solenoid energized: the Anti-Ice Valve pneumatically operates as an anti-ice function. - Solenoid de-energized: the Anti-Ice Valve pneumatically operates as a temperature control valve. It maintains a pack outlet temperature of 15C (59F). The anti-ice function is provided by two P relays for high and low pressure condenser flows. When the P increases due to ice build up restricting the air flow, the concerned relays control the Anti-Ice Valve to an open position. The Pack Outlet Pneumatic Sensor (POPS) is used only to modulate the Anti-Ice Valve to control pack discharge temperature at a fixed value in case of pack controller failure. AIR CYCLE MACHINE (ACM)
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EXCHANGERS - REHEATER - CONDENSER The air passes through two heat exchangers and a reheater before it enters the condenser which drops the air temperature well below dew point. The cooling agent for the primary heat exchanger and the main heat exchanger is outside ram air. The reheater is used to raise the temperature of the air before reaching the turbine inlet to vaporize any remaining water droplets for turbine protection. WATER EXTRACTOR The water extractor collects water droplets and drains them inside the water extractor body in order to spray the collected water into the ram air flow of the exchangers, to increase the cooling efficiency. CHECK VALVE The pack downstream check valve stops leakage of air from the distribution system when the Flow Control Valve is closed. The check valve is fitted to the pressure bulkhead.

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The Air Cycle Machine which consists of a turbine, a compressor and a fan, cools the air. The main component of the air cycle machine is a rotating shaft. A turbine, a compressor and a fan are mounted along the shaft.

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SELF EXAMINATION How is the Flow Control Valve actuated ? A - By means of a stepper motor. B - By means of a torque motor. C - By means of an AC electrical motor. If the pack controller fails, the pack outlet temperature is controlled by: A - The Flow Control Valve. B - The ByPass Valve. C - The Anti-Ice Valve.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL PACK SENSORS D/O


CONTENTS: Pack Inlet Pressure Sensor Flow Sensor Compressor Temperature Sensor Compressor Pneumatic Overheat Sensor Compressor Overheat Sensor Water Extractor Temperature Sensor Pack Outlet Pneumatic Sensor Pack Outlet Temperature Sensor Self Examination

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - PACK SENSORS D/O


PACK INLET PRESSURE SENSOR The pack inlet pressure sensor signals a pack inlet pressure drop to the primary computer of the pack controller. It is used to determine the appropriate ByPass Valve position. When the pack inlet pressure is low, the ByPass Valve is controlled to a more open position in order to decrease the differential pressure of the air conditioning pack. At the same time, the RAM air inlet flap is controlled to a more open position to compensate for the decreased efficiency of the turbine/compressor cycle. Also, when engines are at idle, if the cooling demand cannot be satisfied, the engine idle setting can be changed by a thrust demand. The Zone Controller sends this thrust demand to the Engine Interface Units depending on the bleed air pressure detected by the sensor. FLOW SENSOR A flow sensor measures a differential pressure at the Flow Control Valve inlet. This P, which is equivalent to the airflow, is converted into an electrical signal and sent to the secondary computer of the pack controller. It is used for ECAM display and FCV control. COMPRESSOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR The compressor temperature sensor signals compressor outlet temperature to the primary computer of the pack controller for pack temperature control and for overheat detection. Pack temperature control: - up to 180C (385F): normal operation. - 180C to 220C (428F): the RAM air inlet flap opens more in order to increase the RAM air flow. The pack FAULT light comes on in case of pack overheat of 260C (500F), or if 230C (446F) is detected four times during one flight. COMPRESSOR PNEUMATIC OVERHEAT SENSOR In case of overheat, the compressor pneumatic overheat sensor causes venting of the Flow Control Valve muscle pressure in order to close the valve. In case of compressor outlet overheat, the Flow Control Valve starts to close at 230C (446F) in order to avoid reaching 260C (500F). NOTE: 260C is the temperature threshold for warning activation.

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COMPRESSOR OVERHEAT SENSOR The compressor overheat sensor signals the compressor outlet temperature to the secondary computer of the pack controller for overheat detection and indication on the ECAM display. The pack FAULT light comes on in case of pack overheat of 260C (500F), or if 230C (446F) is detected four times during one flight. WATER EXTRACTOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR The water extractor temperature sensor signals the water extractor temperature for the pack outlet temperature control. The water extractor temperature sensor consists of two thermistors, one connected to the primary computer, the other to the secondary computer. They are used to modulate the pack outlet temperature. PACK OUTLET PNEUMATIC SENSOR The pack outlet pneumatic sensor adjusts the anti-ice valve muscle pressure to maintain the pack outlet temperature at a fixed value when the control of the ByPass Valve is lost. The pack outlet pneumatic sensor pneumatically controls the anti-ice valve to maintain the pack outlet temperature at about 15C (59F). PACK OUTLET TEMPERATURE SENSOR The pack outlet temperature sensor signals the pack outlet temperature to the secondary computer of the pack controller for ECAM display. Pack outlet temperature sensor also provides pack overheat warning indications if the pack outlet temperature exceeds 95C (203F).

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SELF EXAMINATION Which sensor pneumatically closes the Flow Control Valve in case of pack overheat? A - The bleed temperature sensor. B - The compressor overheat sensor. C - The compressor pneumatic overheat sensor. Which sensor may signal pack overheat to the pack controller? A - The compressor overheat sensor. B - The compressor temperature sensor. C - A or B.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O
CONTENTS: Mixer Unit Mixer Unit Temperature Sensors Mixer Unit Flap Trim Air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) Hot Air Pressure Switch Trim Air Valves (TAV) Duct Temperature Sensors Zone Temperature Sensors Self Examination

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MIXER UNIT The mixer unit mixes air from packs and recirculated air from the cabin prior to distribution to each zone. The mixer unit, installed under the cabin floor, uses cabin air which has entered the underfloor area and has been drawn through recirculation filters by recirculation fans. This air is mixed with conditioned air from the packs. The quantity of cabin air mixed with conditioned air varies from 37% to 51%. MIXER UNIT SENSORS There are two mixer unit temperature sensors, one on either side of the mixer unit. They indicate the actual temperature of the mixer unit to the zone controller. Each mixer unit temperature sensor consists of two thermistors. One connected to the primary computer and the other to the secondary computer. MIXER UNIT FLAP The mixer unit flap ensures sufficient flight deck air supply if pack 1 is selected off. An electrically operated mixer unit flap is installed to ensure that sufficient fresh air is delivered to the cockpit in case of pack 1 failure. TRIM AIR PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE (PRV) The trim air Pressure Regulating Valve is pneumatically operated and electrically controlled by two solenoids. One solenoid controls the ON/OFF function and the second solenoid controls the safety function. The trim air Pressure Regulating Valve regulates the pressure of the air supplied to the trim air valves, 4 psi above the cabin pressure. When any duct temperature exceeds 80oC (176oF), the safety function solenoid S1 is energized and reduces downstream pressure of the valve, from 4 psi to 2 psi above the cabin pressure. It will be de-energized as soon as the temperature returns below 70oC (158oF). The ON/OFF function solenoid S2 de-energizes when the HOT AIR pushbutton is set to OFF or when any duct temperature is above 88oC (190oF) or above 80oC (176oF) four times in one flight leg. This closes the valve. HOT AIR PRESSURE SWITCH Due to a malfunction of the trim air Pressure Regulating Valve, the hot air pressure switch signals overpressure to the secondary computer of the zone controller for ECAM display and the Centralized Fault Display System (CFDS). If pressure in the system exceeds 6.5 psi above the cabin pressure, the zone controller activates the ECAM system. This signal stays until the pressure falls below 5 psi.

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TRIM AIR VALVES (TAV) The Trim Air Valves allow the zone temperature to be adjusted by modulating the hot air flow added to air from the mixer unit. The TAVs close when the trim air Pressure Regulating Valve closes. The butterfly of the Trim Air Valves is controlled by a stepper motor. The Trim Air Valve position determination is based on the step counting principle. DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSORS Each duct temperature sensor detects duct temperature for the corresponding zone temperature control, indication and overheat detection to the zone controller. Each duct temperature sensor consists of two thermistors, one connected to the primary computer and the other to the secondary computer. Each thermistor provides control, indication and overheat detection (88C (190F) or 4 x 80C (176F)). ZONE TEMPERATURE SENSORS Each zone sensor detects corresponding zone temperature for zone temperature control and indication on ECAM display. Each zone temperature sensor consists of two thermistors, one connected to the primary computer and the other to the secondary computer.

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SELF EXAMINATION If a duct A B C The mixer A B C overheat is detected: The mixer unit flap closes. The PRV and the TAVs close. The PRV and the corresponding TAV close. unit flap opens if: HOT AIR pb is set to OFF. PACK 2 pb is set to OFF. PACK 1 pb is set to OFF.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL ZONE AND PACK CONTROLLER INTERFACES
CONTENTS: General System Data Acquisition Concentrator (SDAC) Engine Interface Unit (EIU) Air Data Inertial Reference Unit 1 (ADIRU 1) Electronic Control Box (ECB) Data Management Unit (DMU) Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU) Zone And Pack Controllers Fans Parameters Anti-ice And Pneumatic Parameters Landing Gear Control Interface Unit 2 (LGCIU 2) Braking And Steering Control Unit (BSCU) Self Examination

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - ZONE AND PACK CONTROLLER INTERFACES


GENERAL Zone controller: crosstalk via internal bus. Pack controller: crosstalk via RS232 connection. SYSTEM DATA ACQUISITION CONCENTRATOR (SDAC) System data information is transmitted to the System Data Acquisition Concentrator via ARINC buses for system monitoring. Signal: System data information (Temperature, valve position ...), used for warning and display. ENGINE INTERFACE UNIT (EIU) The zone controller provides data to both Engine Interface Units. Each EIU provides one discrete to the zone controller and one discrete to the corresponding pack controller. EIU 1,2 to Pack Controller: - Signal: take-off thrust, used for pack RAM air inlet closure EIU 1,2 to Zone Controller: - Signal: HP fuel valve position, used for bleed demand calculation. Zone Controller to Engine Interface Unit 1, 2: - signal: increase engine power, used for bleed air flow increase. - signal: bleed and anti-ice status, used for thrust limit calculation. AIR DATA INERTIAL REFERENCE UNIT 1 (ADIRU 1) The Air Data Inertial Reference Unit 1 sends data to the zone controller for zone and pack temperature control. Signal: aircraft altitude, used for zone temperature compensation and pack water extractor outlet temperature limitation. ELECTRONIC CONTROL BOX (ECB) The zone controller sends data to the Electronic Control Box and receives an APU bleed valve open discrete. Zone controller to ECB: - Signal: increase APU flow, used for increased bleed air flow. ECB to zone controller: - Signal: APU bleed valve open, used for flow demand calculation. DATA MANAGEMENT UNIT (DMU) The zone and pack controllers send system main status data to the Data Management Unit for maintenance monitoring purposes. Zone controller to DMU: - TAPRV position Pack controllers to DMU: - pack flow, water extractor and pack compressor discharge temperatures, bypass valve and RAM air inlet flap positions.

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CENTRALIZED FAULT DISPLAY INTERFACE UNIT (CFDIU) The zone controller sends BITE data to the Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit for system monitoring. Signal:BITE data, used for temperature control system monitoring. ZONE AND PACK CONTROLLERS The pack controllers mainly receive temperature demand, flow demand and CFDIU control signals from the zone controller and send back maintenance data signals. Zone controller to pack controllers: - Signal: Temperature demand, zone controller status, pack ARINC reception status, aircraft altitude, APU bleed valve position, used for pack temperature control. - Signal: Flow demand, used for flow control. - Signal: BITE command, for CFDIU. Pack controllers to zone controller: - Signal: pack control status, zone ARINC reception status, BITE information, used for temperature control system monitoring. FANS PARAMETERS
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ANTI-ICE AND PNEUMATIC PARAMETERS Anti-ice and pneumatic parameters are used to detect faults and to ascertain the status of the bleed air system for transmission to CFDIU and EIUs. Signals: valve positions, low and high pressure,.. etc..., used for anti-ice system fault detection for the CFDIU and thrust limit calculation for the EIUs. LANDING GEAR CONTROL INTERFACE UNIT 2 (LGCIU 2) The Landing Gear Control Interface Unit 2 sends a GROUND/FLIGHT signal to both pack controllers for pack RAM air inlet flap operation. Signal: ground/flight, used for pack RAM air inlet flap closure during take-off and landing phases. BRAKING AND STEERING CONTROL UNIT (BSCU) The BSCU sends a wheel speed signal to both pack controllers for pack RAM air inlet flap operation. Signal: wheel speed, used for pack RAM air inlet flap closure during take-off and landing phases.

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The zone controller receives discrete signals from recirculation and toilet fans for monitoring. Signal: recirculation, toilet and galley and AFT cargo ventilation fans operation, used for monitoring for transmission to SDACs and CFDIU.

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SELF EXAMINATION The pack controllers send to the zone controller: A - The flow demand signal. B - The BITE demand signal. C - BITE information and pack status signals. To close the pack RAM air inlet flap, the pack controller needs information from: A - The ECB. B - The anti-ice system. C - LGCIU 2, BSCU and EIUs.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-55-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET OPERATION
CONTENTS: General Emergency Ram Air Inlet Flap Operation

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GENERAL The aircraft is equipped with one emergency ram air inlet flap located at the lower left-hand side of the fuselage, sharing the same duct with the low pressure ground connection. EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP OPERATION In case of failure of both packs, an emergency ram air inlet flap can be opened for aircraft ventilation or smoke removal. In case of smoke removal or loss of both packs, the RAM AIR pushbutton must be set to ON. When set to ON, and if DITCHING is not selected, the EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP opens. The flap, installed between LP GND CONNECTION and RAM AIR INLET, closes one side of the duct when air is supplied from the other side. The check valve stays closed. The aircraft must descend to less than 10000 ft. When the cabin to ambient air differential pressure is less than 1 psi, the pressure controller half opens the outflow valve. The air then goes through the check valve to the mixing unit.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-50-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL PACK COMPONENTS


CONTENTS: Pack Controllers Air Conditioning Packs Flow Control Valve (FCV) Flow Control Valve Removal/Installation ByPass Valve (BPV) Ram Air Inlet (RAI) Actuator Anti-Ice Valve (AIV) Pack Downstream Check Valve Air Cycle Machine (ACM) Primary Heat Exchanger Main Heat Exchanger Reheater Condenser Water Extractor Water Injector Ozone Filter (Option)

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ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL - PACK COMPONENTS


PACK CONTROLLERS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 7HM, 27HM LOCATION ZONE: 121, 122 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION PACK CONTROLLER FUNCTION

PRIMARY yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes no yes yes

SECONDARY no yes yes no yes yes yes no yes yes yes

Flow setting modulation Pack temp. control from zone controller demand ByPass Valve control Ram air flow modulation OVHT detection and indication Pack temp control to 15C (59F) Failure analysis BITE and info transmission to zone controller ECAM indications Anti-Ice Valve control Data handling
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AIR CONDITIONING PACKS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM, 11HM LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The air conditioning packs are identified as PACK 1 and PACK 2 depending on the pneumatic manifold to which they are connected.

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FLOW CONTROL VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 8HB, 11HB LOCATION ZONE: 182, 191 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The flow control valves have two functions in the air conditioning system. Their primary function is to control the amount of air flowing through the system. The secondary function is to provide an automatic or manually selectable shut-off function.

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FLOW CONTROL VALVE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION IDENTIFICATION FIN: 8HB, 11HB LOCATION ZONE: 182, 191 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The Flow Control Valve is connected via V-clamps to the bleed air duct on one side and the heat exchanger duct on the other side.

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BYPASS VALVE (BPV) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HH, 30HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The ByPass Valve (BPV) is electrically controlled and actuated by a stepper motor. Limit switches signal fully open or fully closed positions to the pack controller secondary computer. Pack controller primary and secondary computers receive a step counting signal used for the ByPass Valve position determination. A manual override and visual position indicator device is installed on the bottom of the shaft.

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RAM AIR INLET (RAI) ACTUATOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 8HH, 28HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The ram air inlet actuator has: - an AC motor, electrically supplied by the pack controller, - two limit switches (one for the closed position, the other for the 70% open position). These send signals to the secondary computer, - two potentiometers (one for control through the primary computer, the other for indication through the secondary computer).

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ANTI-ICE VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 17HH, 37HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The Anti-Ice Valve is electrically controlled and pneumatically operated. Anti-ice mode: valve energized. The valve opens if ice is detected across the high or low pressure side of the condenser. Pneumatic temperature control mode: valve de-energized. The valve is controlled by a pneumatic sensor to get a fixed temperature (15C or 59F).

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PACK DOWNSTREAM CHECK VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 15HM, 16HM LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The pack downstream check valve is of the single spring loaded flap type, directly bolted to the pressure bulkhead. It stops leakage of air if the pack is switched off.

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AIR CYCLE MACHINE (ACM) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM1, 11HM1 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The main component of the air-cycle machine is a rotating shaft. A turbine, a compressor and a fan are mounted along this shaft. The shaft rotates on two self-acting foil-air-bearings. A double self-acting air-thrust bearing takes the axial thrust loads.

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PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM6, 11HM6 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The primary heat exchanger is of the plate and fin type with a single-pass crossflow configuration. It cools the hot bleed air before it enters the air-cycle-machine compressor. The cooling agent is ambiant RAM air. MAIN HEAT EXCHANGER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM7, 11HM7 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The main heat exchanger is of the plate and fin type with a counterflow configuration. It is installed between the air-cycle-machine compressor and turbine. The cooling agent is ambiant air.

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REHEATER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM3, 11HM3 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The reheater is of the plate and fin type with a single crossflow configuration. It uses turbine inlet air to further cool air leaving the main heat exchanger. CONDENSER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM2, 11HM2 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The condenser is of the tube type with a single pass crossflow configuration. It cools air leaving the reheater below its dew point. This causes the moisture in the air to condense into droplets. Water is then removed by the water extractor.

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WATER EXTRACTOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM8, 11HM8 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Swirl vanes centrifuge the water droplets onto the inner surface of the water extractor body. The water is then drained to the water injectors. WATER INJECTOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 20HM, 21HM LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The water injectors are installed in the RAM air inlet duct, upstream of the heat exchangers. The water from the extractors is delivered under pressure into the RAM airflow to increase the cooling capacity.

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OZONE FILTER (OPTION) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 100HM, 101HM LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The ozone filters (optional) are installed upstream of the Flow Control Valves.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-50-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL PACK SENSOR COMPONENTS


CONTENTS: Flow Sensor Pack Inlet Pressure Sensor Compressor Overheat Pneumatic Sensor Compressor Temperature Sensor Compressor Overheat Sensor Pack Outlet Temperature Sensor Water Extractor Temperature Sensor Pack Outlet Pneumatic Sensor

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FLOW SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 9HB, 10HB LOCATION ZONE: 192, 191 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It measures a differential pressure which is equivalent to the airflow through the valve. The P is converted into an electrical signal, which is sent to the pack controller.

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PACK INLET PRESSURE SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 16HH, 36HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It signals pressure to the primary computer. If the pressure is too low, the bypass valve is controlled to a more open position to decrease the delta P of the pack. COMPRESSOR OVERHEAT PNEUMATIC SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM9, 11HM9 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Pneumatically connected to the flow control valve to close it in case of overheat detection. (It vents the FCV muscle pressure).

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COMPRESSOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 12HH, 32HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The compressor temperature sensor is used for pack temperature control functions and pack overheat detection. It is connected to the pack controller primary computer. COMPRESSOR OVERHEAT SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 15HH, 35HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It is connected to the pack controller secondary computer for overheat detection. The sensor also provides compressor outlet temperature on ECAM.

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PACK OUTLET TEMPERATURE SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 13HH, 34HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It provides Indication for ECAM display and also detects pack overheat if the Air Cycle Machine fails or when the pack is off and a trim air check valve fails. WATER EXTRACTOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 11HH, 31HH LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It consists of two thermistors and is used for pack temperature control. One thermistor is connected to the primary computer, the other thermistor to the secondary one.

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PACK OUTLET PNEUMATIC SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HM10, 11HM10 LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It is pneumatically connected to the anti-ice valve for pack temperature control in case of pack controller failure (It adjusts the AIV muscle pressure).

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-60-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL ZONE COMPONENTS


CONTENTS: Zone Controller Mixer Unit Flap Rotary Actuator Mixer Temperature Sensors Trim Air Check Valve Trim Air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) Hot Air Pressure Switch Trim Air Valve (TAV) Duct Temperature Sensors Zone Temperature Sensors Recirculation Filters Recirculation Fan Recirculation Check Valves Toilet And Galley Extraction Fan

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ZONE CONTROLLER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 8HK LOCATION ZONE: 121 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION ZONE CONTROLLER FUNCTIONS Zone temp control to selected temp Zone temp. to 24C (75F) TAV control PRV opening PRV closing Flow demand optimization Failure analysis BITE BITE storage and transmission to CFDS ECAM indications DATA handling Ovht detection and indication ATA 36 bleed valve status ATA 30 anti-ice failures and status Fan monitoring

PRIMARY yes no yes yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes yes no no yes

SECONDARY no yes no no yes no yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no

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MIXER UNIT FLAP ROTARY ACTUATOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 20HB LOCATION ZONE: 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Operated by a 28 VDC motor Mixer unit flap normally closed. It opens when Pack 1 is selected OFF to ensure sufficient airflow to the cockpit.

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MIXER TEMPERATURE SENSORS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 24HK, 25HK LOCATION ZONE: 137, 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION They are two mixer temperature sensors one installed on each side of the mixer unit. They send data to the zone controller.

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TRIM AIR CHECK VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 18HM, 19HM LOCATION ZONE: 191, 192 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION They are installed upstream of the hot pressure regulating valve. One is installed in each trim air duct from the bleed system. They prevent back-flow.

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TRIM AIR PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE (PRV) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 14HK LOCATION ZONE: 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Electrically controlled and pneumatically actuated. One microswitch for indication (ECAM and FAULT light). Two solenoids: - One for control: energized = valve open - One for reduced airflow: energized = press reduction.

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HOT AIR PRESSURE SWITCH IDENTIFICATION FIN: 26HK LOCATION ZONE: 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It signals pressure regulating valve outlet overpressure of 6.5 PSI (0.45 bar) for ECAM display.

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TRIM AIR VALVE (TAV) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 11HK, 12HK, 13HK LOCATION ZONE: 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The trim air valve is electrically controlled and actuated by a stepper motor. A limit switch signals the fully closed position to the zone controller. Zone controller main and secondary computers receive a step counting signal used for BITE and ECAM display. A manual override and visual indicator device is installed on the bottom of the shaft.

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DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSORS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 15HK, 16HK, 17HK LOCATION ZONE: 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION They send temperature data to the zone controller for temperature control indication and overheat detection. Each sensor has two thermistors, one dedicated to the main computer of the zone controller, the other dedicated to the secondary computer.

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ZONE TEMPERATURE SENSORS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 21HK, 22HK, 23HK LOCATION ZONE: 210, 232, 252 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION They are three zone-temperature-sensors one installed in the cockpit, fwd cabin and aft cabin zones, each is used for control and indication.

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RECIRCULATION FILTERS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 4012HM, 4013HM LOCATION ZONE: 137, 138 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION One recirculation filter is installed upstream of each recirculation fan. Each filter consists of multi-layer glassfiber filter cartridge, installed inside a perforated carbon-filter reinforced plastic cylinder.

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RECIRCULATION FAN IDENTIFICATION FIN: 15HG, 14HG LOCATION ZONE: 137, 138 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION They are installed in line with the recirculation ducts. AC powered with 3 phases. A thermal switch isolates the electrical supply in case of stator temp of 140C (284F). A relay signals malfunction to the ECAM and CFDS via the zone controller.

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RECIRCULATION CHECK VALVES IDENTIFICATION FIN: 4020HM, 4021HM LOCATION ZONE: 137, 138 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION They are installed downstream of each cabin recirculation fan. They prevent back flow to the FWD cargo compartment if case of fan failure.

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TOILET AND GALLEY EXTRACTION FAN IDENTIFICATION FIN: 1HU LOCATION ZONE: 172 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The fan (AC powered with 3 phases) extracts toilet and galley air to the outflow valve area. A thermal switch isolates the electrical supply in case of stator temperature of 134C (273F) A relay signals malfunction to the ECAM and CFDS via the zone controller.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-55-00 ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET COMPONENTS
CONTENTS: Emergency Ram Air Inlet Actuator Emergency Check Valve

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EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET ACTUATOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 7HZ LOCATION ZONE: 191 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It consists of a 28 VDC motor with 2 travel limit switches and 2 limit switches for ECAM indication. EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET CHECK VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 4022HL LOCATION ZONE: 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The check valve is installed in line with the air delivery duct, between the ram air inlet and the mixer unit. It prevents mixer unit back flow.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY


CONTENTS: General Design Philosophy Self Examination

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PRESSURIZATION - SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY


GENERAL The pressurization system ensures a cabin altitude safe and compatible with crew and passenger comfort. Pressurization is performed by controlling the amount of air discharged overboard through one outflow valve. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY The system has two identical and independent automatic controllers. Only one controller operates at a time, the other is in active stand-by. In normal condition, the system operation is fully automatic. The automatic cabin pressure control operation is dependent on programmed control laws and information from FMGCs and ADIRUs. Manual mode permits full pressurization control in case of failure of both automatic systems. The cabin altitude can be manually controlled by operating the outflow valve in manual mode. Two safety valves are installed on the aft pressure bulkhead to prevent excessive positive and negative differential pressure. The two safety valves are installed above the aircraft floatation line.

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SELF EXAMINATION What is the number of valves ? A - One outflow B - One outflow C - Two outflow outflow valves and safety valve and one safety valve. valve and two safety valves. valves and two safety valves.

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What happens when manual mode is used ? A - The system continues to operate automatically. B - The outflow valve can be manually controlled to adjust the cabin altitude. C - The safety valves open. What is A B C the purpose of the safety valves ? - To avoid negative differential pressure. - To replace the outflow valves. - To prevent excessive positive and negative differential pressure.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM PRESENTATION


CONTENTS: Cabin Pressure Controllers Outflow Valve Safety Valves Cabin Pressure Altitude Enveloppe Self Examination

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PRESSURIZATION - SYSTEM PRESENTATION


CABIN PRESSURE CONTROLLERS There are two interchangeable controllers which are identified as CPC 1 and CPC 2 by means of pin programming. Each controller has an automatic and manual part which are functionally and electronically independent of each other. One controller operates the system at a time according to flight profile data and aircraft configurations. The second controller is in active stand-by with automatic change over after each flight or in case of failure of the active one. CPCs inputs: - flight profile data ( FMGS, ADIRS ). - aircraft configurations ( EIU, LGCIU ). CPCs outputs: - for indicating and monitoring (FWC, SDAC, CFDS). When manual mode is used,the manual part of controller1 operates only as a back up indication circuit processing outputs for indicating and monitoring. CPC 1 manual part outputs: - for monitoring and indicating ( FWC, SDAC ).
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by electrical motor 1 or motor 2 depending on the operating controller. - Motor 1 is controlled by controller 1. Controller 1 plus motor 1 corresponds to system 1. - Motor 2 is controlled by controller 2. Controller 2 plus motor 2 corresponds to system 2. Two electronic actuators ensure the interface with the controllers. A pressure switch, which operates independently from the automatic operation, is installed in each electronic actuator. It closes the applicable outflow valve in case of cabin altitude above 15000 Ft. Motor 3 is controlled from the cabin pressure panel by the MAN V/S toggle switch when manual mode is selected on the MODE SEL pushbutton. The manual motor is used in case of failure of system 1 and 2. Automatic mode signals are used by the corresponding electronic actuator. A manual mode feedback (N3) signal is directly sent to the manual part of the controller1 for outflow valve position indication. The manual part of the controller2 is not used. SAFETY VALVES The safety valves prevent excessive positive and negative differential pressure in the fuselage. They are installed on the aft pressure bulkhead above the aircraft flotation line. The safety valves are poppet type pneumatic valves. They operate independently.

CPC 2 manual part is not used. OUTFLOW VALVE In automatic mode, the outflow valve is controlled by the operating controller. The outflow valve is of the double flap and motor driven type. In automatic operation, the outflow valve is operated

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CABIN PRESSURE ALTITUDE ENVELOPPE The cabin altitude is limited to 8000 feet with a differential pressure of 8.06 psi for an aircraft altitude of 39000 feet. If cabin altitude increases: - At 9550 Ft, the master warning comes on. - At 11300 Ft, passenger signs are activated. In the outflow valve, a safety device closes the valve when the cabin altitude reaches 15000 Ft.

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SELF EXAMINATION Which motor(s) is(are) controlled from the cabin pressure panel ? A - Motor 3. B - Motor 2 and motor 1. C - Motor 1. What is maximum A B C the maximum normal cabin altitude for cruise level ( 39000 Ft ) ? - A cabin altitude of 8000 Ft. - A cabin altitude of 9550 Ft. - A cabin altitude of 11300 Ft.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM CONTROLS AND INDICATING


CONTENTS: Landing Elevation Selector Control MODE SEL Pushbutton And MAN V/S Toggle Sw Self Examination

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LANDING ELEVATION SELECTOR When the LDG ELEV selector is in AUTO position, the system is in normal operation conditions. The landing elevation comes from the Flight Management & Guidance system. In other positions the selected landing elevation is used. When not set to AUTO and as the scale on the LDG ELEV rotary selector is inaccurate, use the ECAM CAB PRESS page to correctly set the landing elevation (if QNH used) or zero (if QFE used). CONTROL MODE SEL PUSHBUTTON AND MAN V/S TOGGLE SW When the MODE SEL pushbutton is in the AUTO position, the outflow valve is automatically controlled by the active system. When in MAN position, the outflow valve is controlled by the MANual Vertical Speed control switch. When the manual mode is selected, it overrides the automatic pressure control system. Normally, this mode is only used in the event of the failure of both automatic systems. The MANUAL Vertical Speed control switch is spring loaded to neutral. It is used to manually control the outflow valve only when MANual mode has been selected using the MODE SELector pushbutton. -UP : The valve moves towards the open position. -DN : The valve moves towards the closed position. DITCHING PUSHBUTTON When the DITCHING pushbutton is selected ON, the operating controller sends a closure signal to the outflow valve. DITCHING When ON : The outflow valve closes, and in addition, the emergency ram air inlet, avionics ventilation extract valve and pack flow control valves close. Note: If MAN mode has been selected, the outflow valve does not close automatically.

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SELF EXAMINATION Where do you check the correct Manual landing elevation setting ? A - On the scale of LDG ELEV switch selector. B - On the ECAM CAB PRESS page. C - No need because it is automatic. What happens if the MODE SELECTOR is set to MAN and the DITCHING pushbuttom is set ON ? A - The outflow valve, emergency RAM AIR inlet, avionics ventilation and pack flow control valves close. B - Only the outflow valve closes. C - Only the outflow valve is not automatically controlled to close.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION


CONTENTS: Outflow Valve Safety Valves System: SYS 1 Or SYS 2 Cabin Differential Pressure Cabin Vertical Speed (V/S) Manual Mode (MAN) Cabin Altitude (CAB ALT) Landing Elevation

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PRESSURIZATION - ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION


OUTFLOW VALVE The outflow valve position is normally displayed in green. If fully open in flight it changes to amber. SAFETY VALVES The safety valve position is displayed in green when the two safety valves are closed. It becomes amber if either safety valve is not closed. SYSTEM: SYS 1 OR SYS 2 SYS 1 or SYS - green - amber - It is 2 indication is displayed in : when active when faulty not displayed when inactive. CABIN VERTICAL SPEED (V/S) The cabin vertical speed is normally displayed in green. It changes to amber when out of normal range. It is also displayed on the cruise page. - Indicated values in green when in normal range, - and amber when V/S greater than 2000ft/mn up or down. - Pulsing advisory when V/S greater than 1200 ft/mn.

CABIN DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE The cabin differential pressure is displayed in green when in normal range. It changes to amber when out of limits. - Indicated values in green when in normal range, - and amber when less than 0.4 PSI or greater than 8.5 PSI. - Pulsing advisory when P greater than 1.5PSI during final approach (below 800 feet).

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MANUAL MODE: MAN MAN indication appears in white when the manual mode is selected. NOTE: on the cruise page, the CABin Vertical Speed indication changes as shown. CABIN ALTITUDE The cabin altitude is displayed in green when in normal range. It changes to red if excessive. It is also displayed on the cruise page. - Indicated values in green when in normal range, and red when cabin altitude reaches 9550 ft. - Pulsing advisory when cabin altitude greater than 8800 ft. LANDING ELEVATION (LDG ELEV) Landing elevation indication is displayed green and indicated in feet. In AUTO it corresponds to the value selected by the FMGS. In MANual it corresponds to the value selected by rotary selector. - AUTO : When LDG ELEV selector is on AUTO. - MAN : when LDG ELEV selector is not on AUTO. - No indication if the MODE SEL pushbutton is on MAN.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM WARNINGS


CONTENTS: Excessive Cabin Altitude System 1 (or 2) Fault System 1 and 2 Fault Outflow Valve Not open Landing Elevation Fault Safety Valve Open Low Differential Pressure

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EXCESSIVE CABIN ALTITUDE When cabin altitude is greater than 9550 ft, the MASTER WARN flashes, the aural warning sounds and the indication becomes red. Depending on the CABIN Vertical Speed, a descent or an Emergency descent must be initiated.

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SYSTEM 1 (or 2) FAULT In case of system 1 or system 2 fault, only the indication of the faulty system changes to amber. The pressurization control is automatically transferred to the healthy system.

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SYSTEM 1 + 2 FAULT In case of system 1 and system 2 fault, the MASTER CAUT comes on, the aural warning sounds, the FAULT light comes on and the indication becomes amber. Both controllers are faulty. MAN mode must be used, in order to control the cabin pressure by means of the MAN V/S CTL toggle switch.

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FAULT

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OUTFLOW VALVE NOT OPEN When the outflow valve is not fully open, the MASTER CAUT comes on and the aural warning sounds. When the outflow valve is not fully open in ground mode, MAN mode and MAN V/S CTL toggle switch must be used in order to fully open the outflow valve.

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LANDING ELEVATION FAULT In case of landing elevation fault (LDG ELEV FAULT), the MASTER CAUT comes on and the aural warning sounds. There is no landing elevation data available from the Flight Management and Guidance System (FMGS). The landing field elevation must be manually selected by using the LDG ELEV rotary selector.

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SAFETY VALVE OPEN In case of safety valve open warning, the MASTER CAUT comes on, the aural warning sounds and the indication becomes amber. High Differential pressure causes the opening of the safety valves. Select the MODE SEL to MAN and adjust MAN V/S to reduce cabin delta P.

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LOW DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE In case of low differential pressure warning (LO DIFF PR), the MASTER CAUT comes on and the aural warning sounds. Low differential pressure warning occurs when the aircraft rate of descent is too high with respect to cabin differential pressure. Time to reach delta P = 0 1.5 mm and time to reach delta P = 0 (time for CAB alt. to reach landing elevation) + 30 s and aircraft is at least 3000 ft above landing field. NOTE: The warning is maintained when aircraft descends below 3000 ft above landing field.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM CONTROL INTERFACES


CONTENTS: Engine Interface Unit (EIU) Landing Gear Control Interface Unit (LGCIU) Air Data Inertial Reference Unit (ADIRU) Flight Management And Guidance Computer (FMGC) Motors Controller 1/Controller 2 Air Conditioning Panel And Cabin Pressurization Panel Pressurization Panel/Motor 3 Self Examination

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ENGINE INTERFACE UNIT (EIU) Each Engine Interface Unit sends a thrust lever angle associated with an N2 signal to both controllers to initiate the prepressurization and the pressurization sequences. Signals: thrust lever angle in take-off position (MAX CONT or FLX detent) and N2 at or above idle, used for prepressurization and pressurization sequences. LANDING GEAR CONTROL INTERFACE UNIT (LGCIU) Each Landing Gear Control Interface Unit sends a flight/ground signal to both controllers to initiate prepressurization, the pressurization and the depressurization sequences. Signal: ground/flight, used for prepressurization, pressurization, depressurization sequences and system transfer. AIR DATA INERTIAL REFERENCE UNIT (ADIRU) Each Air Data Inertial Reference Unit sends the static pressure and the barometric correction signals to both controllers for pressure control. Signals: static pressure, baro correction and ADIRU validity, used for all sequences and priority selection. ADIRU 1, 2, 3 : controller 1 ADIRU 2, 1, 3 : controller 2 Discrete signals between both controllers ensure controller transfer. Signal: system 1 or 2 active, used for controller transfer. FLIGHT MANAGEMENT AND GUIDANCE COMPUTER (FMGC) Each Flight Management and Guidance Computer sends cruise flight level and landing field elevation data to both controllers. Signals: cruise flight level, landing field elevation, used for pressurization profile. MOTORS A discrete signal from the active controller will select the corresponding motor ( enable signal ) while outflow valve positioning and monitoring signals are transmitted by RS 422 buses. Signals in AUTO MODE: "enable signal" to motor in control, outflow valve positioning and monitoring. Signals in MANUAL MODE: feedback position from motor 3 is sent to the controller 1. CONTROLLER 1 / CONTROLLER 2

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AIR CONDITIONING PANEL AND CABIN PRESSURIZATION PANEL The position of the pressure panel switches and emergency ram air switch is transmitted to both controllers. CABIN PRESS PANEL Signals: ditching, landing field elevation, manual mode selection, used for ditching and manual operation. AIR COND PANE Signal: emergency ram air inlet selection, used for outflow valve half opening. PRESSURIZATION PANEL / MOTOR 3 Motor 3 is controlled by a discrete signal directly sent by the CABIN PRESS panel. Signal: motor 3 control, used for manual mode.

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SELF EXAMINATION Which interfaces are used for prepressurization and pressurization sequence initialization? A - EIU and ADIRU. B - EIU and LGCIU. C - EIU and FMGC. Motor 3 A B C is controlled from: - Controller 1. - The AIR COND panel. - The CABIN PRESS panel.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM MONITORING INTERFACES


CONTENTS: Flight Warning Computer (FWC) System Data Acquisition Concentrator (SDAC) Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU) Cabin Intercommunication Data System (CIDS) Cabin Pressurization Panel Cabin Pressurization Panel/SDACs Safety Valves/SDACs Self Examination

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FLIGHT WARNING COMPUTER (FWC) In case of excessive cabin altitude in manual mode, controller 1 sends a discrete signal to both FWCs for level 3 warnings. Signal: excessive cabin altitude (9550 ft), used in manual mode (discrete signal from controller 1 manual part only). NOTE: Each manual part is a separated electrically supplied part. SYSTEM DATA ACQUISITION CONCENTRATOR (SDAC) Both controllers send ARINC and discrete signal to the System Data Acquisition Concentrator. Controller 1 (manual back-up part) also sends 3 analog signals used when the system is operating in manual mode. Signals: warnings and indications, used in auto mode (ARINC and discrete signals from both controllers), manual mode (3 analog signals from controller 1 only). CENTRALIZED FAULT DISPLAY INTERFACE UNIT (CFDIU) Both controllers send BITE data to the CFDIU via ARINC buses. This data is sent continuously or on request. Signal: BITE data, used for CFDS monitoring. The safety valve position signals are sent to both SDACs. Signal: safety valve position, used for ECAM display. CABIN INTERCOMMUNICATION DATA SYSTEM (CIDS) In case of excessive cabin altitude, the pressure controllers send a discrete signal to the CIDS. Signal: excess cabin altitude (11300 ft), used for passenger signs. CABIN PRESSURIZATION PANEL In case of failure of both automatic systems, the controllers send a discrete signal to the pressure panel for FAULT light illumination. Signal: failure of both automatic systems, used for FAULT light illumination. CABIN PRESSURIZATION PANEL / SDACs A manual mode selection signal is sent from the pressure panel to both SDACs. Signal: MAN mode selection, used for ECAM display. SAFETY VALVES / SDACs

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SELF EXAMINATION In manual mode, warnings and indications come from: A - Controller 1. B - Controller 2. C - The outflow valve. CABIN PRESS FAULT light comes on when: A - Automatic system 1 fails. B - Both automatic systems fail. C - Manual system fails.

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CONTENTS: Cabin Pressure Controllers (CPC1 and CPC2) Outflow Valve Outflow Valve Sub-components - Electronic Boxes - Auto Motors - Manual Motor - Feedback Assembly Safety Valves

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CONTROLLER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 11HL, 12HL LOCATION ZONE: 121, 122 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION CPC1 and CPC2 are interchangeable and provided with system identification pins.

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OUTFLOW VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HL LOCATION ZONE: 172 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The skin mounted outflow valve is of the dual-gate type design, which consists of: - Two electronic boxes - One feedback assembly - Three motors - Two gates with seals and rods.

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ELECTRONIC BOXES IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HL1, 10HL2 LOCATION ZONE: 172 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The actuator electronic modules receive position reference signal (desired outflow valve position) from the controller. This signal is compared with outflow valve actual position. The electronic module then drives the outflow valve until its position matches the desired one. AUTO MOTORS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HL3, 10HL4 LOCATION ZONE: 172 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION There are two brushless DC motors for automatic control. Each motor has an integral electromechanical brake. LOCATION ZONE: 172 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The feedback assembly consists of a dual Rotary Variable Differential Transducer (RVDT) for the auto operation and a potentiometer for the manual operation. MANUAL MOTOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HL5 LOCATION ZONE: 172 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The Manual motor is a brush-type DC motor. It drives the outflow valve through an irreversible worm-gear. FEEDBACK ASSEMBLY IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HL6

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SAFETY VALVES IDENTIFICATION FIN: 6HL, 7HL LOCATION ZONE: 262 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The safety valve is of the diaphragm pneumatic valve type and consists of: - a body, a filter, a moving valve element (diaphragm). - a pneumatic pressure controller sensing cabin and outside pressures - a position switch for ECAM indication. Opening: when P = 8.6 or - 0.5 psi.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-31-00 PRESSURIZATION FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR


CONTENTS: Aircraft configuration Procedure

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AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION On the ground. No air supply. Electrical power available. LDG ELEV selector and DITCHING pushbutton selection is not necessary to perform this test. PROCEDURE Set the MODE SEL pushbutton to MAN. As long as the MAN V/S CTL switch is held in the DN position, the MANUAL MOTOR controls the outflow valve to close. As long as the MAN V/S CTL switch is held in the UP position, the outflow valve is controlled to open by means of the MANUAL MOTOR. Set the MODE SEL pushbutton back to AUTO.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-20-00 GENERAL VENTILATION SYSTEM DESIGN PHILOSOPHY


CONTENTS: Avionics Lav & Galleys Cargo (Option) Controllers

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AVIONICS The avionics ventilation system ensures a proper ventilation of the electrical equipment. Air is taken from different sources depending on the aircraft configuration and ambient conditions. Ventilation air is blown to the equipments by a blower fan and extracted by an extraction fan. LAV & GALLEYS The lavatory and galleys ventilation system is used to remove unpleasant odors before they enter the cabin. Ventilation air is supplied from cabin distribution ducts and discharged overboard by an extraction fan. CARGO (Option) The FWD & AFT cargo compartments are ventilated by cabin ambient air coming from the cabin zones through openings in the cabin floor behind the sidewall panels. The FWD & AFT cargo compartments are ventilated by means of an extraction fan or by differential pressure. Note that the ventilation system is optional and independent for each compartment.
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CONTROLLERS The avionics equipment ventilation computer (A.E.V.C) ensures control and monitoring of the avionics ventilation system. The cargo ventilation controller controls and monitors the isolation valves and the extraction fan of the cargo ventilation system.

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SELF EXAMINATION Where does the come from ? A - From B - From C - From LAV and GALLEYS ventilation air cabin distribution ducts. pack 1. pack 2.

21 AIR CONDITIONING

What is the purpose of the Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer ? A - To ensure control and monitoring of the avionics ventilation system. B - To control and monitor the cargo ventilation components. C - To control and monitor the packs. What is the purpose of the avionics ventilation system in the avionics bay ? A - To ventilate the avionics equipment. B - To ensure the heating of the avionics bay. C - To avoid avionics bay structural damage. How is the FWD cargo compartment ventilated ? A - With avionics bay ambient air. B - With air coming directly from the pack outlet. C - With cabin ambient air.

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CONTENTS: Blower Pushbutton Extract Pushbutton Skin Air Inlet Valve Vent Indication Skin Air Outlet Valve (extract Valve)

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The avionics ventilation system is automatically controlled by the Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer provided that the BLOWER and EXTRACT pushbuttons are set to AUTO. BLOWER PUSHBUTTON In case of system malfunction, the FAULT light comes on amber and disappears when the BLOWER pushbutton switch is set to OVERRIDE. FAULT: -Blowing pressure low -Duct overheat -Computer power supply failure -Smoke warning OVRD: -The system goes to closed circuit configuration. -Air from air conditioning system is added to ventilation air. -The blower fan stops. NOTE: If EXTRACT and BLOWER pushbuttons are selected OVRD, the blower fan stops, the skin exchanger outlet bypass and skin exchanger inlet bypass valves close, the air conditioning inlet valve open and the skin air outlet valve partially opens.
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EXTRACT PUSHBUTTON In case of system malfunction, the FAULT light comes on amber and disappears when the EXTRACT pushbutton switch is set to OVERRIDE. FAULT: -Extract pressure low -Computer power supply failure -Smoke warning OVRD: -The system goes to closed circuit configuration. -Air from air conditioning system is added to ventilation air. SKIN AIR INLET VALVE The skin air inlet valve position indication is normally green and becomes amber in case of disagreement or during transit. The INLET indication is normally white. It becomes amber in case of blower fan fault. VENT INDICATION The VENT indication is normally white. It becomes amber in case of blower fan fault or extract fan fault. VENT: Normal (white) VENT: Blower or Extract fan fault (amber) SKIN AIR OUTLET VALVE (EXTRACT VALVE) The skin air outlet valve position indication is normally green and becomes amber in case of disagreement. The EXTRACT indication is normally white. It becomes amber in case of extract fan fault.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION SYSTEM WARNINGS


CONTENTS: Blower Fault Extract Fault Skin Valve Fault Avionics System Fault Avionics Smoke

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BLOWER FAULT Aural warning sounds, MASTER CAUT and BLOWER FAULT lights come on. VENT and INLET words become amber on the ECAM in case of low blowing pressure or duct overheat.

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EXTRACT FAULT Aural warning sounds, MASTER CAUT and EXTRACT FAULT lights come on. VENT and EXTRACT words become amber on the ECAM in case of low extract pressure.

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SKIN VALVE FAULT Aural warning sounds, MASTER CAUT comes on. The skin air inlet or outlet valve position is displayed amber in case of a SKIN VALVE FAULT. SKIN VALVE FAULT warning is triggered if: - Skin air outlet valve fully open in phase 3 or - Skin air outlet valve fully open in flight or - Skin air inlet valve not fully closed in flight.

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AVIONICS SYSTEM FAULT Aural warning sounds, MASTER CAUT comes on. VENT word is amber in case of avionics system fault. AVNCS SYS FAULT warning is triggered in case of AEVC failure.

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AVIONICS SMOKE Aural warning sounds, MASTER CAUT, GEN 1 SMOKE (on the EMER ELEC PWR panel), BLOWER and EXTRACT FAULT lights come on in case of avionics smoke detection. VENT, INLET and EXTRACT words are displayed amber on the ECAM page. Note that if smoke detection is confirmed, both BLOWER and EXTRACT pushbuttons must be set to OVRD position.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION


CONTENTS: General Open Circuit Configuration Closed Circuit Configuration Partially Open Circuit Configuration Self Examination

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AVIONICS VENTILATION - SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION


GENERAL The system is automatically controlled by the Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer and no crew action is required. The Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC) will change the system configuration depending on whether the aircraft is on ground or in flight and on aircraft skin temperature. Note that the BLOWER and EXTRACT pushbuttons must be in AUTO position.

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OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION In OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION, ambient air, drawn through the skin air inlet valve by the blower fan, is blown into the system. The air, after cooling avionics equipment, is drawn by the extract fan directly overboard. The OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION allows avionics equipment to be cooled with ambient air under certain conditions (on ground and skin temperature above 11C (51.8F) increasing, or above 4C (39.2F) decreasing). Note: the skin air inlet and outlet valves are fully open.

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CLOSED CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION In CLOSED CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION, the extracted avionics equipment air goes, through the skin exchanger isolation valve, into the skin heat exchanger to be cooled. then this air is blown into the avionics equipment again. When the AEVC detects airflow higher than the requested value, part of the hot air is bled under the cargo compartment floor by means of opening of the skin exchanger inlet ByPass Valve. the skin exchanger outlet ByPass Valve opens in order to decrease the noise level in the avionics bay.

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AVIONICS VENTILATION - SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION


PARTIALLY OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION In PARTIALLY OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION, the system is almost like in closed configuration, part of the extracted air is expelled overboard. Note that the skin air outlet valve is an electrically operated single flap with a smaller flap built into it. This smaller flap is opened in flight (or on ground with take-off power selected) when the skin temperature is above 34C (93.2F). It returns to the closed position when the skin temperature decreases below 27C (80.6F).

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SELF EXAMINATION When does the skin exchanger inlet bypass valve open? A - In open circuit configuration. B - In partially open circuit configuration, or in closed circuit configuration with airflow higher than the requested value. C - When the ambient avionics bay temperature is above 34C (93.2F). When does the skin heat exchanger operate on the ground? A - When the circuit operates in open circuit configuration. B - In closed circuit configuration when the skin temperature is below 11C (51.8F) (skin temperature increasing). C - In closed circuit configuration when the skin temperature is above 11C (51.8F) (skin temperature increasing).

21 AIR CONDITIONING

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION SYSTEM INTERFACES


CONTENTS: Landing Gear Control Interface Unit (LGCIU) Engine Interface Unit (EIU) Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU) Skin Temperature Sensor Blowing Pressure Switches And Duct Temperature Sensor Extract Pressure Switch Skin Air Valves/SDAC Controller (AEVC)/SDAC Smoke Detector

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LANDING GEAR CONTROL INTERFACE UNIT (LGCIU) The Landing Gear Control Interface Unit 1 and 2 send a signal to the avionics controller for ventilation system control. Signal: Ground/flight, used for system control. ENGINE INTERFACE UNIT (EIU) The Engine Interface Unit 1 and 2 send the "take-off thrust on" signal to the avionics controller for ventilation system control. Signal: Thrust lever set to take off and N2 above idle, used for system control. CENTRALIZED FAULT DISPLAY INTERFACE UNIT (CFDIU) The avionics controller sends BITE data to the Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit via ARINC bus. Test of the system is performed by sending a test demand discrete signal to the controller. Signals: BITE data via ARINC bus and MCDU test demand via discrete, used for avionics equipment ventilation system monitoring. SKIN TEMPERATURE SENSOR
TMUVENB01-T01 LEVEL 3

BLOWING PRESSURE SWITCHES AND DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSOR The blowing pressure switches and the duct temperature sensor signal a low flow and a high duct temperature to the controller, to both System Data Acquisition Concentrators and to the BLOWER pushbutton. On the ground, the ADIRU & AVNCS VENT light illuminates amber on the external power receptacle 108VU accompanied by the horn activation. Signal: Low pressure delta P = 0.025 psi (1,73 hPa) or high duct temperature temp = 62oC (144oF), used for fault and ventilation ground warnings located on external power receptacle 108VU. EXTRACT PRESSURE SWITCH The extract pressure switch signals a low flow to the controller, to both SDACs and to the EXTRACT pushbutton. On the ground, the ADIRU & AVNCS VENT light illuminates amber on the external power receptacle 108VU accompanied by the horn activation. Signal: Extract low pressure, used for fault and ventilation ground warnings located on external power receptacle 108VU.

The skin temperature sensor signals the skin temperature to the computer for configuration control. Signal: Skin temperature, used for configuration control.

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AVIONICS VENTILATION - SYSTEM INTERFACES


SKIN AIR VALVES / SDAC The skin air valves position signals are sent to both SDACs for system display and for skin valve fault warning. Signal: Skin valve position feedback, used for system display and valve position disagree warning in flight (SKIN VALVE FAULT). CONTROLLER (AEVC) / SDAC The avionics controller monitors the skin air valves position, the conditioned air inlet valve and the exchanger inlet bypass valve position. In case of valve position disagree or loss of power supply of the controller, the controller sends an avionics system fault signal to both SDACs. Signal: Avionics system fault, used for valve position disagree warning on ground (except the skin exchanger outlet bypass valve) or loss of power supply of the Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer. SMOKE DETECTOR The smoke detector signals smoke to the controller, to both SDACs, to both VENT pushbuttons and to GEN 1 LINE pushbutton. Signal: Smoke detected, used for smoke warning.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-26-00 AVIONICS VENTILATION COMPONENTS


CONTENTS: Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC) Skin Air Inlet Valve Skin Air Outlet Valve Blower Fan Extract Fan Skin Exchanger Inlet Bypass Valve Skin Exchanger Isolation Valve Skin Exchanger Outlet Bypass Valve Conditioned Air Inlet Valve Filter Assembly Check Valves Pressure Switches Duct Temperature Sensor Skin Temperature Sensor Skin Heat Exchanger

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AVIONICS VENTILATION - COMPONENTS


AVIONICS EQUIPMENT VENTILATION COMPUTER (AEVC) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HQ LOCATION ZONE: 128 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The avionics computer controls the valves and fans in the avionics ventilation system. System condition information is sent to the avionics computer by pressure switches and temperature sensors in the system.

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SKIN AIR INLET VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 15HQ LOCATION ZONE: 127 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION This valve is an electrically operated single flap valve which can be manually overridden. Before the valve is closed manually, it must first be isolated electrically with a toggle switch located inside the valve. TRAINING INFORMATION POINT After a maintenance action on this valve, check that the deactivation switch is put back to ON position in order to recover a normal operation of the system.

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SKIN AIR OUTLET VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 22HQ LOCATION ZONE: 126 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION This valve is an electrically operated single flap valve with a smaller flap built into it. Before the valve is closed manually, it must first be isolated electrically with a toggle switch inside the valve. TRAINING INFORMATION POINT After a maintenance action on this valve, check that the deactivation switch is put back to ON position in order to recover a normal operation of the system.

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AVIONICS VENTILATION - COMPONENTS


BLOWER FAN IDENTIFICATION FIN: 20HQ LOCATION ZONE: 128 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The blower fan is powered with a three-phases, four-pole single induction motor.A thermo switch and relay are installed on the stator of the blower fan. If the temperature of the stator reaches +140 +6 -6 deg C (+284.00 +10.80 -10.80 deg.F), the thermo switch isolates the electrical supply to the fan. A fault indication light and reset button are installed on the fan body. EXTRACT FAN IDENTIFICATION FIN: 18HQ LOCATION ZONE: 128 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The extraction fan is identical to the blower fan.

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SKIN EXCHANGER INLET BYPASS VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 16HQ LOCATION ZONE: 126 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION This valve is of the butterfly type, with an actuator which moves the butterfly to the open or closed position. Two microswitches signal the valve position to the avionics computer 10HQ. A visual position indicator is located on the top of the actuator unit. SKIN EXCHANGER OUTLET BYPASS VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 23HQ LOCATION ZONE: 125 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The skin exchanger outlet bypass valve is installed downstream of the skin heat exchanger. This valve is identical to the skin exchanger inlet bypass valve 16HQ.

SKIN EXCHANGER ISOLATION VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 24HQ LOCATION ZONE: 126 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The skin exchanger isolation valve 24HQ is installed upstream of the skin heat exchanger. This valve is identical to the skin exchanger inlet bypass valve 16HQ.

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CONDITIONED AIR INLET VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 21HQ LOCATION ZONE: 127 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The conditioned air inlet valve is installed in a duct which is connected to the cockpit main supply duct. This valve is similar to the skin exchanger inlet bypass valve.

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FILTER ASSEMBLY IDENTIFICATION FIN: 2081HM, 2082HM, 2083HM LOCATION ZONE: 127 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION A two-stage filter assembly is installed upstream of the blower fan 20HQ. The first-stage is a cleanable plate type filter 2081HM which removes dust particles above 1000 microns and a multi-layer filter which removes water particles. The second stage is a cleanable, corrugated-cartridge-barrier filter 2082HM which removes any dust particles above 400 microns.

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CHECK VALVES IDENTIFICATION FIN: 2140HM, 2150HM LOCATION ZONE: 128 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION A check valve 2140HM is installed downstream of the blower fan. The check valve is designed to be installed in line between the ducts. Two semicircle flaps are installed on a hinge-bar, a spring holds these semicircle flaps in the closed position. A check valve 2150HM is installed downstream the skin air inlet valve. The purpose of the check valve is to protect the system at the air inlet against possible adverse effects caused by cabin differential pressure.

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PRESSURE SWITCHES IDENTIFICATION FIN: 17HQ, 19HQ, 30HQ LOCATION ZONE: 121, 127, 127 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Three pressure switches are installed in the avionics ventilation system, two in the blowing circuit and one in the extraction circuit. The switches are of the capsule/microswitch type with an electrical connector at the top. A low flow indication is given at a differential pressure of 1.7 mbar plus 1.3 or minus 0.5 mbar.

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DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 26HQ LOCATION ZONE: 128 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It consists of a thermistor mounted in a stainless-steel tube, an electrical connector is mounted at the top. The set temperature values are: - increasing temperatures 62 deg.C +1 deg.C (143.6 deg.F +1.8 deg.F). - decreasing temperatures 60 deg.C +1 deg.C (140 deg.F +1.8 deg.F)

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SKIN TEMPERATURE SENSOR IDENTIFICATION FIN: 28HQ LOCATION ZONE: 126 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It consists of a sensor element through which an electrical current passes to measure the potential difference proportional to the temperature. The set temperature values are as follow: - on ground, increasing values +7 deg.C (+44.60 deg.F), decreasing values +4deg.C (+39.20 degF). - after takeoff, increasing values +36 deg.C (+96.80 deg.F), decreasing values +31 deg.C (+87.80 deg.F). SKIN HEAT EXCHANGER COMPONENT DESCRIPTION A skin heat exchanger is located in the upper fuselage between frames 12 and 14 and, in normal flight operations, is used to cool the avionics ventilation air. A thermally insulated internal wall is bolted to the frames to form two rectangular ducts. This internal wall is easily removed for structural inspection. A drainage system is included to deal with any condensation when the heat exchanger is in operation.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-43-00 FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING SYSTEM PRESENTATION


CONTENTS General Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) Trim Air Valve Inlet Isolation Valve Extraction Fan Outlet Isolation Valve Pressure Switch Ventilation Controller Heating Controller

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FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - SYSTEM PRESENTATION


GENERAL The FWD cargo compartment ventilation system operates in two different modes. The first mode operates with the aircraft on the ground and in flight. The second mode operates in flight only. - First mode: On the ground and in flight with P 1 psi. - Second mode: Only in flight with P > 1 psi. PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE The hot air is pressure regulated by the cockpit and cabin hot air pressure regulating valve above the cabin pressure. The Pressure Regulating Valve regulates pressure of the hot air (4 PSI above the cabin pressure) to the Trim Air Valve. TRIM AIR VALVE The trim air valve regulates the hot air flow. The hot air is then mixed with the cabin ambient air to obtain the desired temperature.
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EXTRACTION FAN The suction of the air is caused by the extraction fan when it is running. The extraction fan runs, when the aircraft is on the ground or in flight, when both isolation valves are open with a P 1 psi. Note that, in flight only, when P > 1 psi,the fan stops. OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE The outlet isolation valve permits the FWD cargo compartment air to be discharged overboard at a skin mounted venturi. PRESSURE SWITCH The pressure switch detects a differential pressure and sends a signal to the ventilation controller. In flight only, when a P > 1PSI is detected by the pressure switch, the ventilation controller stops the extraction fan. Note that when the P decreases below 1 psi, the controller starts the fan. VENTILATION CONTROLLER The cargo ventilation part is controlled by the ventilation controller. It controls and monitors the isolation valves and the extraction fan.

INLET ISOLATION VALVE The inlet isolation valve permits the air which has been mixed to enter into the FWD cargo compartment.

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FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - SYSTEM PRESENTATION


HEATING CONTROLLER The cargo heating part is controlled by the cargo heating controller. The Heating Controller receives temperature indications from two temperature sensors and controls the Trim Air Valve in order to regulate the amount of hot air added to cabin ambient air. It closes the Trim Air Valve when: - one isolation valve is closed - the hot air Press Regul Valve is closed - the extraction fan has failed - the cargo door is not closed and locked

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CONTENTS: FWD Isol Valve Pushbutton Temperature Selector Hot Air Pushbutton Self Examination

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FWD ISOL VALVE PUSHBUTTON The FWD ISOL VALVE pushbutton controls the isolation valves and the extraction fan through the ventilation controller. When it is pressed in, the cargo ventilation controller will start the extraction fan ( if both valves are fully open and P 1psi ). When it is set to OFF or if smoke is detected or DITCHING pushbutton switch is on, the isolation valves are closed and the extraction fan stops. TEMPERATURE SELECTOR The temperature rotary selector gives the desired temperature to the heating controller which controls the Trim Air Valve to add hot air to cabin ambient air, if necessary. The selector temperature range is between 5C(41F) and 26C(79F), with 16C (60F) at the 12 oclock position. HOT AIR PUSHBUTTON The hot air pushbutton switch is used to control the cockpit and cabin hot air Pressure Regulating Valve. When it is set to OFF, the valve is closed. Note : In case of duct temperature above 88C(190F), the heating controller controls the HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve to close.

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SELF EXAMINATION What does control? A B C the FWD ISOL VALVE pushbutton switch The extract fan The Pressure Regulating Valve. The isolation valves and the extraction fan.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-43-00 FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION
CONTENTS: General Cargo Compartment Temperature Zone Indication Duct Inlet Temperature Trim Air Valve Inlet Isolation Valve Outlet Isolation Valve

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GENERAL The FWD cargo compartment can be optionally equipped with Ventilation and heating systems. The AFT ventilation and heating systems are also optional. CARGO COMPARTMENT TEMPERATURE The cargo compartment temperature is indicated in green and given by the cargo temperature sensor . ZONE INDICATION The zone indication is displayed in white. DUCT INLET TEMPERATURE The duct inlet temperature indication is normally green and given by the duct temperature sensor. The indication becomes amber if the duct inlet temperature is at 80C (176F) or more. TRIM AIR VALVE The trim air valve indication on the ECAM page, normally shows the true position of the trim air valve.
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OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE The outlet isolation valve is displayed in green when open or closed and amber when faulty.

INLET ISOLATION VALVE The inlet isolation valve is displayed in green when open or closed and amber when faulty.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-28-00 FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING SYSTEM WARNINGS


CONTENTS: FWD Cargo FWD Cargo FWD Cargo FWD Cargo Isolation Valve Fault Duct Overheat Heating Fault Ventilation Fault

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21 - FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENT/HEATING 21-28-00 FWD CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING COMPONENTS
CONTENTS: Cargo Ventilation Controller Heating Controller (Temperature Controller) Isolation Valves Extraction Fan Pressure Switch Trim Air Valve Temperature Sensors

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VENTILATION CONTROLLER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10HN LOCATION ZONE: 126 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It is a modular construction and consists of : - AFT cargo ventilation module - AFT cargo power relay - FWD cargo ventilation module - FWD cargo power relay - Common power supply module - Spare module connector - Spare power relay socket.

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HEATING CONTROLLER (Temperature Controller) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 1HC LOCATION ZONE: 121 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The heating (Temperature) Controller consists of a MCU box installed in the avionics compartment, in rack 95 VU. Power up test : - Computer internal tests - Check of sensor - Check for Trim Air Valve closure - Check for HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve closure Test duration : 40 seconds.

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ISOLATION VALVES IDENTIFICATION FIN: 4HN, 5HN LOCATION ZONE: 132, 131 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The electrically operated butterfly valves consist of: - A 28 VDC motor which drives a gear train. - Two microswitches (signal fully open / fully closed position of isolation valves to the ventilation controller) - A manual override and visual position indicator.

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EXTRACTION FAN IDENTIFICATION FIN: 6HN LOCATION ZONE: 132 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The extraction FAN is: - Powered by a 3 phase 4 pole induction motor, the fan runs at about 11700 rpm. - Thermal switches isolate the electrical supply in case of stator temperature of 140C (284F). - A relay signals malfunction to the ECAM and to the CFDS via the ventilation controller.

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PRESSURE SWITCH IDENTIFICATION FIN: 21HN LOCATION ZONE: 132 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The pressure switch consists of a body with two pressure ports, a diaphgrapm, a spring, a microswitch and an electrical connector. When the P reaches 1 psi, the spring snaps over and depresses the microswitch actuator. A signal is sent to the cargo ventilation controller which stops the extract fan. When the pressure decreases, the microswitch returns to original position, this removes the pressure signal and the extract fan starts.

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TRIM AIR VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 2HC LOCATION ZONE: 137 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION - A stepper motor drives the shaft of the butterfly - Limit switches stop the valve (mechanical stops are as back up) - Position potentiometers indicate the position of the valve - A manual override and visual position indicator - A return spring closes the trim air valve if power supply is lost or if the controller does not operate.

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TEMPERATURE SENSORS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 3HC, 4HC LOCATION ZONE: 131, 132 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION The two temperature sensors are used for temperature control, indication and overheat detection.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-43-00 AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING SYSTEM PRESENTATION


CONTENTS: Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) Trim Air Valve Inlet Isolation Valve Extraction Fan Outlet Isolation Valve Ventilation Controller Heating Controller

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PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE The hot air is tapped from the bleed air pressure regulated by the cargo HOT AIR Regulating Valve above the cabin pressure. The cargo HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve the HOT AIR pressure (4 psi above the cabin going to the Trim Air Valve. TRIM AIR VALVE The trim air valve regulates the hot air flow, the hot air is then mixed with the cabin ambient air to obtain the desired temperature. INLET ISOLATION VALVE The inlet isolation valve permits the air which has been mixed to enter into the aft cargo compartment. EXTRACTION FAN The suction of the air is caused by the extraction fan when it is running. The extract fan runs only if both isolation valves are open.
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VENTILATION CONTROLLER duct and Pressure regulates pressure) The cargo ventilation part is controlled by the ventilation controller. The cargo ventilation controller controls the isolation valves and the extract fan. In normal operation they are open and the fan runs continuously HEATING CONTROLLER The cargo heating part is controlled by the cargo heating controller. The heat controller receives temperature indications from two temperature sensors and controls the Trim Air Valve in order to regulate the amount of hot air added to cabin ambient air. It closes the Trim Air Valve when: - the isolation valve is closed, - the cargo HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve is closed, - the extract fan has failed, - the cargo door is not closed and locked.

OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE The outlet isolation valve permits the aft cargo compartment air to be discharged in the area of the outflow valve.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-43-00 AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION
CONTENTS: Aft Isol Valve Pushbutton Temperature Selector Hot Air Pushbutton Self Examination

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AFT ISOL VALVE PUSHBUTTON The AFT ISOL VALVE pushbutton controls the isolation valves and the extraction fan through the ventilation controller. When it is pressed in, the cargo ventilation controller will start the extract fan (only if both isolation valves are fully open). When it is set to OFF or if smoke is detected, the isolation valves are closed and the extract fan stops. TEMPERATURE SELECTOR The temperature rotary selector gives the desired temperature to the heating controller which controls the Trim Air Valve to add hot air to cabin ambient air, if necessary. The selector temperature range is between 5C (41F) and 26C (79F) with 16C (60F) at the 12 oclock position. HOT AIR PUSHBUTTON The hot air pushbutton switch is used to control the cargo HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV). When it is set to OFF, the valve is closed.
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Note In case of duct temperature above 88C (190F), the heating controller controls the cargo HOT AIR Pressure Regulating Valve to close.

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SELF EXAMINATION
The HOT A B C AIR pushbutton switch controls the: - Blower fan. - Aft cargo door. - Pressure Regulating Valve.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-43-00 AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING ECAM PAGE PRESENTATION
CONTENTS: General Cargo Compartment Temperature Zone Indication Duct Inlet Temperature Trim Air Valve Pressure Regulating Valve Inlet Isolation Valve Outlet Isolation Valve

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GENERAL The AFT cargo compartment can be optionally equipped with ventilation and heating systems. The FWD ventilation and heating systems are also optional. CARGO COMPARTMENT TEMPERATURE The cargo compartment temperature is indicated in green and given by the cargo temperature sensor. ZONE INDICATION The zone indication is displayed in white. DUCT INLET TEMPERATURE The duct inlet temperature indication is normally green and given by the duct temperature sensor. Indication becomes amber if the duct inlet temperature is at 80oC (176oF) or more. TRIM AIR VALVE The Trim Air Valve indication on the ECAM page normally shows the true position of the trim air valve.
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INLET ISOLATION VALVE The inlet isolation valve is displayed in green when open or closed and amber when faulty. OUTLET ISOLATION VALVE The outlet isolation valve is displayed in green when open or closed and amber when faulty.

PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE The Pressure Regulating Valve indication is displayed in green when open or closed and amber when faulty.

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-43-00 AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING SYSTEM WARNINGS


CONTENTS: Aft Cargo Aft Cargo Aft Cargo Aft Cargo Isolation Valve Fault Duct Overheat Heating Fault Ventilation Fault

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CONTENTS: Ventilation Controller Heating Controller (Temperature Controller) Isolation Valves Extraction Fan Pressure Regulating Valve Trim Air Valve Temperature Sensors

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VENTILATION CONTROLLER IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10 HN LOCATION ZONE: 126 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION It is a modular construction and consists of : - AFT cargo ventilation module - AFT cargo power relay - Power supply module - Spare modules - Spare power relay.

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HEATING CONTROLLER (Temperature Controller) IDENTIFICATION FIN: 10 HC LOCATION ZONE: 121 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Consists of a 1 MCU box installed in the avionics compartment, in rack 96 VU. Power up test : - Computer internal tests - Check of sensor - Check for Trim Air Valve closure - Check for aft Trim Air Pressure Regulating Valve closure Test duration : 40 seconds.

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ISOLATION VALVES IDENTIFICATION FIN: 33 HN, 34 HN LOCATION ZONE: 172, 151 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Electrically operated butterfly valves consist of: - A 28 VDC motor which drives a gear train. - Two microswitches (signal fully open / fully closed position of isolation valves to the ventilation controller) - A manual override and visual position indicator.

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EXTRACTION FAN IDENTIFICATION FIN: 35 HN LOCATION ZONE: 172 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

- Powered by a 3 phase 4 pole induction motor,


the fan runs at about 11400 rpm.

- Thermal switches isolate the electrical supply


in case of stator temperature of 123C (254F).

- A relay signals malfunction to the ECAM and


to the CFDS via the ventilation controller.

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AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - COMPONENTS


PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 11 HC LOCATION ZONE: 151 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION Electrically controlled and pneumatically actuated. Consists of: - A valve body assembly - A regulator servo valve - An actuator assembly - A solenoid valve assembly - An actuator body assembly - An indicator assembly - A manual override and visual position indicator - A locking mechanism.

UC64200

TMUVENP02-T05 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-28-00

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UC64200

TMUVENP02-P05 LEVEL 3

AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - COMPONENTS - PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE


EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-28-00

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AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - COMPONENTS


TRIM AIR VALVE IDENTIFICATION FIN: 12 HC LOCATION ZONE: 151 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION - A stepper motor drives the shaft of the butterfly - Limit switches stop the valve (mechanical stops are as backup) - Position potentiometers indicate the position of the valve - A manual override and visual position indicator - A return spring closes the trim air valve if power supply is lost or if the controller does not operate.

UC64200

TMUVENP02-T06 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-28-00

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UC64200

TMUVENP02-P06 LEVEL 3

AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - COMPONENTS - TRIM AIR VALVE


EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-28-00

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AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - COMPONENTS


TEMPERATURE SENSORS IDENTIFICATION FIN: 13 HC, 14 HC LOCATION ZONE: 154, 160 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION used for temperature control, indication and overheat detection.

UC64200

TMUVENP02-T07 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-28-00

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UC64200

TMUVENP02-P07 LEVEL 3

AFT CARGO COMPARTMENT VENTILATION/HEATING - COMPONENTS - TEMPERATURE SENSORS


EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-28-00

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UC64200

TMUVENP02 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-28-00

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21 - AIR CONDITIONING 21-00-00 CFDS SPECIFIC PAGE PRESENTATION


CONTENTS: CPC 1 Last Leg Report Previous Legs Report Class 3 Faults TEMP CTL Last Leg Report Previous Legs Report GND Report FWD CHC & AFT CHC Last Leg Class 3 Faults Ground Report

UC64200

TMUTEMY01 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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CFDS SPECIFIC PAGE PRESENTATION


CPC 1 LAST LEG REPORT This item presents the same type of failure messages as described in chapter 31 (type 1 system) with the same presentation, the FIN number is in addition. NOTE: a GND indication appears at the end of the failure messages in case of failure detected on the ground.Fault codes are transmitted in addition to CFDS messages (engineering level). PREVIOUS LEGS REPORT This item presents the same type of failure messages as described in chapter 31 (type 1 system) with different presentation: phase, FIN and flight number indications are added to the leg, the date, time and ATA reference indications. NOTE: a GND indication appears at the end of the failure messages in case of failure detected on the ground. Fault codes are transmitted in addition to CFDS messages (engineering level).
TMUTEMY01-T01 LEVEL 3

CLASS 3 FAULTS This item presents the same type of failure messages as described in chapter 31 (type 1 system) with different presentation: leg, phase and FIN number indications are added to the date, time and ATA reference indications. Fault codes are transmitted in addition to CFDS messages (engineering level).

UC64200

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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UC64200

TMUTEMY01-P01 LEVEL 3

CFDS SPECIFIC PAGE PRESENTATION


EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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CFDS SPECIFIC PAGE PRESENTATION


TEMP CTL LAST LEG REPORT This item presents the same type of failure messages as described in chapter 31 (type 1 system) with the same presentation, the FIN number is in addition. PREVIOUS LEGS REPORT This item presents the same type of failure messages as described in chapter 31 (type 1 system) with different presentation: phase and FIN number indications are added to the leg, the date, time and ATA reference indications. GND REPORT This item is the equivalent of the LAST LEG REPORT for the failures that have occured on the ground. The failure messages contain the time, the phase, the ATA reference and the FIN number.

UC64200

TMUTEMY01-T02 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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UC64200

TMUTEMY01-P02 LEVEL 3

CFDS SPECIFIC PAGE PRESENTATION


EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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CFDS SPECIFIC PAGE PRESENTATION


FWD CHC & AFT CHC Note : The FWD CHC and AFT CHC pages are optional. LAST LEG CLASS 3 FAULTS This item presents the class 3 failures concerning this system that appeared during the last flight.These failure messages contain the name of the equipment affected and the date. GROUND REPORT This item is the equivalent of the LAST LEG REPORT for the failures that have occured on the ground.The failure messages contain the date, the time, the ATA reference and the class failure.

UC64200

TMUTEMY01-T03 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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UC64200

TMUTEMY01-P03 LEVEL 3

CFDS SPECIFIC PAGE PRESENTATION


EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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UC64200

TMUTEMY01 LEVEL 3

EFFECTIVITY EFFECTIVITY ALL

21-00-00

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