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Thomas P. Halton The Catholic University of America Editorial Director Elizabeth Clark Duke University Joseph T. Lienhard, S.J. Fordham University David G. Hunter University of Kentucky Robert D. Sider Dickinson College Michael Slusser Duquesne University Cynthia White The University of Arizona

Kathleen McVey Rebecca Lyman Princeton Theological Seminary Church Divinity School of the Pacific David J. McGonagle Director The Catholic University of America Press

Ludwig Schopp, Roy J. Deferrari, Bernard M. Peebles, Hermigild Dressler, O.F.M. Carole Monica C. Burnett Staff Editor



Translated by Philip R. Amidon, S.J.
Creighton University

Edited with introduction and notes by

John J. OKeefe
Creighton University


Washington, D.C.

Copyright 2009 THE CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF AMERICA PRESS All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standards for Information SciencePermanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI z39.48-1984. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Public ation Data Cyril, Saint, Patriarch of Alexandria, ca. 370444. [Correspondence. English. Selections] Festal letters 112 / St. Cyril of Alexandria ; translated by Philip R. Amidon ; introduction and notes by John J. OKeefe. p. cm. (The Fathers of the church : a new translation ; v. 118) Includes bibliographical references and indexes. ISBN 978-0-8132-0118-4 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Cyril, Saint, Patriarch of Alexandria, ca. 370444Correspondence. 2. Christian saintsEgypt AlexandriaCorrespondence. 3. Christian lifeEarly works to 1800. 4. Theology, DoctrinalEarly works to 1800.I. Title,II. Series. BR65.C952E5 2008 270.2092dc22 2008029287


Abbreviations Select Bibliography

vii ix

I. The Festal Genre and St. Cyril of Alexandria 3 II. Cyrils Life and the Content of the Festal Letters 8 A. Cyril the Exegete 9 B. Cyril, Politics, and the Origenist Controversy 12 C. Cyril, Egypt, the Old Testament, and the Jews 16 D. That Christ is One 26 III. Conclusion 31

F E S TA L L E T T E R S 112

Festal Letter One Festal Letter Two Festal Letter Three Festal Letter Four Festal Letter Five Festal Letter Six

35 52 68 69 83 101

Festal Letter Seven Festal Letter Eight Festal Letter Nine Festal Letter Ten Festal Letter Eleven Festal Letter Twelve

125 137 155 175 195 216

APPENDIX AND INDICES Appendix: Dates of Easter General Index Index of Holy Scripture 237 239 243



Festal Letters. Epistle. Journal of Theological Studies. Patrologia Graeca, ed. J.-P. Migne. Paris. Sources Chrtiennes. Paris: Cerf.



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