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# CONTENT PAGE

1. TEST SPECIFICATION TABLE 2 2. ANALYSIS SPM PHYSICS QUESTIONS 2003-2006 3 3. SPM PHYSICS CHECK LIST 7 4. LAWS AND PRINCIPLES 8 5. GRAPHS 9 6. PHYSICS TERMINOLOGIES FOR PAPERS 2 AND 3 10 7. KEY WORDS IN EXAMINATION QUESTIONS 13 8. PRECAUTIONARY STEPS FOR INVESTIGATIVE EXPERIMENTS 15 9. TIPS FOR PAPER 2 16 10. ANSWER FORMAT FOR PAPER 3B [12 MARKS] 20

11. SOALAN SPM 2006 (KERTAS 2) 21 12. SOALAN KERTAS 3 SPM 2006 32 13. MARKING SCHEME SPM 2006 PAPER 2 45 14. MARKING SCHEME SPM 2006 PAPER 3 55 15. SAMPLE SCRIPT PHYSICS PAPER 2 64 16. SAMPLE SCRIPT PHYSICS PAPER 3 91 17. SAMPLE SET OF PRAKTIS BESTARI

L A W S A N D P R I N C I P

L E S

Law or principle
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Newtons first law of motion Newtons second law of motion Newtons third law of motion Principle of conservation of momentum Kinetic theory of mater Hookes law Pascals principle Archimedes principle Bernoullis principle Boyles law Pressure law Charless law Universal gas law Principle of conservation of energy Einsteins energy-mass relationship Snells law Principle of superposition of wave Ohms law Faradays law Lenz law

Physical quantity

Relationship

Applicati

## PHYSICAL QUANTITY / CHARACTERISTIC

1 Frequency of inertia balance

## FACTORS WHICH AFFECT IT

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Magnitude of impulsive force Acceleration of a rocket Stiffness of a spring Extension of a spring Surface tension of a liquid Pressure in a liquid Up thrust Sensitivity of a thermometer Rise of temperature of an object when heated Rate of evaporation Rate of boiling Power of a lens Characteristics of image formed by concave mirror Characteristics of image formed by convex mirror Critical angle Magnifying power of an astronomical telescope Speed of water waves in a ripple tank Frequency of water waves Wavelength of water waves Diffraction of waves through a slit Separation between adjacent bright fringes Loudness of sound Pitch of sound Number of images in a diffraction pattern Pattern of electric field Resistance of a metal conductor Potential difference across resistors in series Current for resistors in parallel Magnetic field pattern due to electric current Magnetic field strength (solenoid) Magnitude of magnetic force Speed of rotation of an electric motor Magnitude of induced e.m.f. Magnitude of induced current Direction of induced current Output voltage of a transformer Lost of electric power through a cable Output voltage of d.c. and a.c. generator

PHYSICS TERMINOLOGIES FOR PAPERS 2 AND 3 No. 1 2 3 TERM Acceleration Density Force constant VALUE Low / small High / big Low / small High / large Small Large / big Low / small 4 Specific Heat Capacity High / large Need more heat to raise temperature, use more fuel Need less heat to melt / vaporise Low / small 5 Specific Latent Heat High / large Time to melt / vaporise is longer Melts at low temperature / Freezes at low temperature. Time to melt / vaporise is shorter Need more heat to melt / vaporise MEANING Slow increase of velocity Fast increase of velocity Lighter / less compact Heavier / more compact Spring is soft / easy to stretch Spring is stiff / difficult to stretch Easily heated up , short time to heat up

Need less heat to raise temperature More difficult to heat up, takes more time t heat up

## Low Melting point / 6 Freezing point High

Starts melting earlier / Starts freezing later Melts at higher temperature / Freezes at higher temperature.

Starts melting latter / Starts freezing earlier No. TERM VALUE Low 7 Boiling point High Low / small MEANING Starts boiling at lower temperature Starts boiling earlier

Slower to begin condensation Starts boiling at higher temperatureStarts boiling latter Faster to begin condensation Substance that refracts light less

8 9 10 11 12 13

Refractive index Critical angle Power (of a lens) Focal length Frequency (of electromagnet wave) Wavelength (for electromagnet wave)

High / large Small Large / big Low High Short Large / long High

Substance that refracts light more Easier for total internal reflection to occur Difficult for total internal reflection to occu Large / long focal length Refract light less Short focal length Refract light more Higher power Lower power Short wavelength High penetration power Low frequency

Long / large Low penetration power High pitch High Short wavelength

14

Frequency (sound)

Low / small 15 16 17 18 Resistivity High / large e.m.f. of cell Power (of electrical device) Voltage (working voltage of electrical device) Large / big High / large High

Spreads out less Having lower resistance compared to wires of the same thickness and length. Having higher resistance compared to wire of the same thickness and length. Supply a larger current through the same resistance. Uses more energy per second

## No TERM Range 19 (of an ammeter) Range 20 (of a voltmeter)

VALUE Big

MEANING Can measure large current Usually has a lower sensitivity Can measure higher voltage

Big Usually has a lower sensitivity Decays faster Short Reactivity decreases faster

21

Half-life Long

Decays slowly Reactivity decreases slowly Radioactivity lasts longer Changes shape easily when acted upon by external force Does not change shape easily when acted upon by external force Breaks easily / breaks under small external force Difficult to break / Needs a large force to break Wet a surface (glass) easily Does not wet a surface easily Does not rust easily / quickly Rust easily / quickly

Low 22 Rigidity High Low 23 24 25 Strength High Surface tension Rate of rusting Low High Low High

KEY WORDS IN EXAMINATION QUESTIONS No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Key word Estimate What How Compare Expected response Give a quantitative value based on calculation or reasoning. Give required / specific information Describe / give explanation / method /condition / steps concerning an event Give similarity and difference between two things

How much/ Give a quantitative answer what is the value Give the difference / contrast between two or more things / Differentiate events When Construct Discuss State the time or period Draw diagram / one that uses geometrical method / tools Give views from various aspects

## 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16 17. 18. 19.

Prove Suggest Find Calculate Describe Tabulate Explain Classify Identify Sketch

Show truth using mathematical method / exampels / facts of physics Give an idea / opinion Give an answer without calculation / with simple calculation Give answer through calculation To tell about something (story like) in detail and systematically. Arrange things/data according to specified aspects. Give method/reason about something in order that it is easily understood. Separate into a few groups according to fixed characteristics. Pick out or determine something based on facts/descriptions given. Draw diagram/picture/graph (not according to scale)

No. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 27. 28. 30. 31.

Key word Draw Why Name State Predict List Arrange Define Determine

Expected response Make figure such as chart/diagram/graph /shape using instruments according to scale and in detail Give reason Give name/terminology for something such as component/process/instrument Give facts without explanation /support Give/state forecast for something based on facts State facts/statements in point form. Place according to fixed order Give definition for the term given Find answer base on process/reasoning

32.

Illustrate

## Give facts with support such as diagrams/reasons/explanation to make clear an idea.

PRECAUTIONARY STEPS FOR INVESTIGATIVE EXPERIMENTS: No. 1 Type of experiment involving Light Precautions that can be taken a. Experiment must be carried out in darkened room. b. Lens, screen and object must be in line c. Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the ruler. a. make sure the spring is not loaded beyond the elastic limit. (spring return to original length when load is taken off). b. Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the ruler. a. All connections must be secure/tight. b. Off the switch after readings are taken to prevent wires from heating up (resistance increase) c. Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the ammeter/ voltmeter. a. Liquid must be stirred constantly so that temperature rises evenly. b. Alluminium block must be wrapped with insulating material to prevent heat lost. c. Thermometer bulb should be smeared with oil to give better thermal contact with the block. d. Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale of the thermometer. a. Avoid parallax error by placing the eye such that the line of view is perpendicular to the scale read. b. Take into account zero error of instrument.

Spring

Electric

4.

Heat

## Measuring instruments such as ammeter, voltmeter, metre rule ...

[Student can give more than one answer for this question. No penalty for the answer which is unsuitable]
Calon boleh memberikan jawapan lebih dari 1. Tiada markah dipotong jika satu jawapan yang diberi salah dan yang lainnya betul.

Jawapan tidak diterima

## : Avoid parallax error. [without

: Elak ralat paralaks [tiada penjelasan]

T I P S F O R P A P E R 2
T I P S M E N J A W A B K E R T A S

S e c t i o n A ( S t r u c t u r e )
B a h a g i a n A ( S t r u k t u r )

1. Be able to interpret diagrams, photographs, tables and graphs to relate to physics concepts or principles.
Analisis rajah, gambar foto, jadual dan graf untuk dikaitkan dengan konsep dan prinsip Fizik yang berkaitan.

## 2. Give short and concise answer .

Nyatakan jawapan yang ringkas dan tepat.

## 3. Underline keywords such what , how etc.

Gariskan kata tugas dalam setiap soalan seperti Apakah, Bagaimanakah dll.

## 4. Underline the important information given in a questions.

Gariskan maklumat penting yang diberi dalam setiap soalan.

## 5. Methods to solve calculation problems.

Kaedah untuk menyelesaikan masalah pengiraan.

State the formula ( tulis rumus fizik yang berkaitan ) Substitute the value for each quantity ( Gantikan nilai untuk setiap
kuantiti )

Answer with the correct unit.( tulis jawapan dan unitnya yang betul )

6. Pay attention to the marks allocated. The marks usually indicates the number of points required.
Beri perhatian kepada markah yang diperuntukkan untuk setiap soalan. Jumlah markah menunjukkan bilangan fakta jawapan yang diperlukan.

S e c t i o n B ( E s s a y

) B a h a g i a n B ( E s e i ) 1. To answer the question of definition of the terms, concepts, principles or Physics law need to state in sentences. The answer in form of formula is not acceptable.
Maksud bagi mana-mana istilah, konsep , prinsip atau hukum Fizik perlu dinyatakan dalam bentuk ayat. Jawapan berbentuk rumus tidak diterima.

2.

To answer the questions of comparison, state the similarities and differences between the given diagrams .
Untuk menjawab soalan Perbandingan, jawapan mesti merangkumi persamaan dan perbezaan dari rajah-rajah yang diberi.

3.

## Use diagrams or graphs whenever necessary to make the points clearer.

Rajah atau graf boleh disertakan untuk menjelaskan lagi jawapan..

4.

Pay attention to the marks allocated. The marks usually indicates the number of points required.
Beri perhatian kepada markah yang diperuntukkan untuk setiap soalan. Jumlah markah menunjukkan bilangan fakta jawapan yang diperlukan.

5.

## Answer in table form for suggested modifications. e.g

Suggested modifications

Explanation
Penerangan

..

S e c t i o n C ( E s s a y ) S e c t i o n C ( E s e i ) 1. To answer question explain the suitability of each characteristics and determine the most suitable . ., detect 4 different characteristics from the given

## diagrams or table . The answer must be in table form.

Bagi menjawab soalan Terangkan kesesuian setiap ciri dan pilih yang paling sesuai ... kenalpasti 4 ciri yang berbeza daripada rajah atau jadual yang diberi. Jawapan perlu dalam bentuk jadual.

Characteristic

Explanation

.. is chosen because of .(repeat all the characteristic) Soalan Kertas 3 A Soalan 2 1. Question based on graph, conseptual or analysing the graph. Soalan berhubung graf. Sama ada mengkonsepsi atau menganalisis graf yang diberi. 2. Understanding the meaning for various shapes of graphs and their characteristics based on y-axis and xaxis. Perlu menguasai maksud berbagai bentuk graf dan ciriciri pada graf merujuk paksi-x dan paksi-y . The examples of graph for question 2 Contoh graf soalan 2 The meaning of graphs gradient based on graph shape and axis (refer to a suitable formula) Maksud kecerunan merujuk bentuk graf dan kuantiti p-x dan p-y (rujuk formula yang sesuai) v/ms
-1

/ C

## Kecerunan : Kadar perubahan suhu F/N

a/ms m/kg Gradient : mass Gradient : acceleration Kecerunan : jisim Kecerunan : Pecutan 3. Draw a smooth extrapolation line if you are asked to do so. Lukiskan dengan jelas garisan ekstrapolasi pada graf jika perlu. 4. Draw a large triangle to calculate the gradient (4 x 3 larger square) The triangle should be on tangent line for curve graph. Lukiskan segitiga yang besar pada graf untuk kiraan kecerunan graf. (4 x 3 petak besar). Pastikan segitiga pada garis tangen jika graf melengkung.

-2

## 5. The relationship between responding variable and manipulated variable. y y y

x y is li n e ar

ly

y is increases linearly to x
Jika c 1 mm dari (0,0) y bertambah secara linear dengan x

I f c 1 m m f r o m o r i g i n ( 0 , 0 )

y is li n e ar ly

c
y is inversely

proportional to x

proportional to x proportional to x

## If c 1 mm from origin (0,0) y is increases linearly to x

Jika c 1 mm dari (0,0) y bertambah secara linear dengan x

## ANSWER FORMAT FOR PAPER 3B [12 MARKS]

Manipulated variable 0r influenced the depends on responding variable manipulated variable

(a) Inference

Responding variable or

## (b) Hypothesis (c) Aim

Responding variable is influence by manipulated variable The higher/larger/bigger the manipulated variable, the higher/smaller the responding variable To determine the relationship between manipulated variable and responding variable

(d) Variables

## (i) manipulated variable : (ii) responding variable : (iii) fixed variable

: only one fixed variable *[ give all the variable that can be measured].

## Apparatus + diagram Method

:

1. 1. Set up the apparatus as shown in the figure. 2. Turn on the switch and adjust the rheostat so that the ammeter reads the 1. Start the experiment with manipulated variable = .unit (practical value) 2 The responding variable is measured 3 Repeat the experiment 4 times for manipulated variable , , and

Tabulation of data

## 2.0 responding variable

blank

Analysis of data

State : Sketch a graph of responding variable against manipulated variable AND sketch a graph: Responding variable

Manipulated

G R A P H S
Quantities which are directly proportional
Momentum Acceleration Potential energy Force Liquid pressure Liquid pressure Up thrust Rise of temperature Gas pressure Volume sin i Wave velocity Fringe separation Fringe separation Potential difference Resistance Velocity Force Height Extension Depth Density of liquid Volume of displaced liquid Heat absorbed Absolute temperature Absolute temperature sin r Wavelength Wavelength Double slit separation Current Length of wire

Condition
Constant mass Constant mass Constant mass Elastic limit Same liquid Same depth Constant mass

## Quantities which are inversely proportional

Acceleration Impulsive force Density Pressure Gas pressure sin c Power of lens Frequency Wavelength Fringe separation Resistance Mass Time of collision Volume Area Volume Refractive index Focal length Period Frequency Source separation Area of crosssection

Condition
Constant force Constant momentum Constant mass Mass, Temperature constant

## TEST SPEC IFIC ATIO N

TABL
No. 1 2
SUBJECT Types of instrument Types of items PAPER 1 (4531/1) Multiple choice questions Objective: Multiple Choice PAPER 2 (4531/2 Subjective Test Subjective items: Section A: Sturctured items Section B: Limited response items and open response items Section C: Limited response items and open response items PAPER 3 (4531/3) Written Practical Subjective items: Section A: Structured items Section B: Open response items

Number of questions

4 5 6

## 50 1 hr 15 minutes Knowledge: 28 % Understanding: 40 % Application : 32 %

100 2 hr 30 minutes Knowledge: Understanding: Application Problem solving: Conceptualisation Decision making: 17% 22% 11% 16% 18%

## 40 1 hr 30 minutes Decision making : 100% (Experiment)

(Quantitative, Qualitative)

## Refer to sample instrument Paper 4531/1 and attachment 1

Refer to sample instrument Paper 4531/2 and attachment 2 Analytical method of marking based on scoring rubric.

Refer to sample instrument Paper 4531/3 and attachment 3 Analytical method of marking based on scoring rubric.

Marking

Dichotomous Mark 1 or 0 Assessment is made for all constructs within field of studies L 60% M 24% H 16%

9 10

Scope of Context

Assessment is made for all constructs within field of studies L 38% Overall L:M:H=5:3:2 M 35% H 27%

Assessment is made for all constructs within field of studies L 50% M 30% H 20%

Medium: M

11