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Alternative Fuels researches

created on April 2, 2003 - JLN Labs - Last update December 31, 2005
Toutes les informations et schmas sont publis gratuitement ( freeware ) et sont destins un usage personnel et non commercial All informations and diagrams are published freely (freeware) and are intended for a private use and a non commercial use.

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Plasma Fuel Reforming with the PMC

The bubbler is a tank containing a mixture of water and hydrocabures (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, crude oils and others derived from hydrocarbons...). The hot gas flow coming from the exhaust of the engine circulates by the outside part of the reactor with a strong kinetic energy, that contributes to bring up to very high temperature the steel rod (being used as heat accumulator) contained in the pyrolytic chamber. The gases cross the engine and penetrate then in the bubbler containing the water/hydrocarbures mixture. The vapor of the mixture is strongly aspired by the vacuum created by the engine intake and is pushed by the pressure coming from the exhaust. The kinetic energy of the vapor is increased considerably by the reduction of the diameter in the pyrolytic chamber (by Venturi effect). The combined effect of the high temperature and the increase of the kinetic energy produces a thermochemical decomposition ( molecular breakdown ) of the water/hydrocarbures mixture. The endothermic reactor forms an Electro-Plasma-Chemical unit (EPC) and it is now possible to create a highoutput fuel coming from the decomposition of the water contained in the water/hydrocarbures mixture. This fact is confirmed by the presence of oxygen gaz (O2) in great amount measured in the exhaust.

Le bulleur est un rservoir contenant un mlange d'eau et d'hydrocarbures (essence, diesel, krosne, huiles usages et autres drivs d'hydrocarbures... ). Le flux de gaz chauds provenant de l'chappement du moteur circule par la partie extrieur du racteur avec une forte nergie cintique , cela contribue porter trs haute temprature la tige d'acier ( servant d'accumulateur de chaleur ) contenue dans la chambre pyrolyse. Les gaz traversent le racteur et pntrent ensuite dans le bulleur contenant le mlange eau/carburant. Les vapeurs du mlange sont aspires fortement par le vide cr par l'admission et pousses par la pression provenant de l'chappement. L'nergie cintique des vapeurs est augmente considrablement ( dans la partie bleu clair ) par la rduction du diamtre dans la chambre pyrolyse ( effet de Venturi ). L'effet combin de la haute temprature et de cette nergie cintique accrue provoque la dcomposition thermochimique du mlange eau/carburant. Le racteur endothermique forme un ensemble lectro-plasma-chimique (EPC) permettant de crer un carburant haut rendement provenant de la dcomposition de l'eau contenue dans le mlange eau/hydrocarbures est confirme par la prsence importante d'oxygne O2 dans les gaz d'chappement.

Plasmatron (source : http://www.bellona.no/en/energy/report_3-1999/11197.html )


At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), researchers are developing a reformer, which, like the KCB&H one, uses plasma for reforming hydrocarbons. The advantage of a plasma reformer is that it can use all forms of hydrocarbons, including heavy oil fractions. In addition, the plasma reforming can operate in pyrolytic mode (thermal degrading of organic material without air or oxygen) so that the carbon is turned into soot. This eliminates the formation of CO2. Plasma technology allows for a more compact and lighter design than traditional reformers because the reaction occurs much faster. MIT is studying use of the plasma reformer in the pyrolytic, partial oxidation and steam reforming methods mode. MIT's "Plasmatron" operates at temperatures of over 2,000 oC, and the amount of hydrogen produced is around 80-90%. The main disadvantage with plasma reforming is its dependency on electrical power. MIT hopes to lower the need for electricity to 5% of the fuel's combustibility caloric value through heat recycling and a better reactor design; today it is 20%. [L. Bromberg et al 1997/1998]

Tests et plans d'une tondeuse quipe du PMC Full tests and diagrams of a lawnmower retrofited with the PMC

Vidos de dmonstration de la tondeuse PMC en Haute Qualit High Quality videos about the PMC retrofited lawnmower

Tests d'un groupe lectrogne rtrofit avec le PMC by Philippe Driot Test of an electrical power generator retrofited with the PMCby Philippe Driot

Dtails complets et vidos explicatives sur le PMC par M. David Full details and tutorial videos about the PMC by M. David

Photos et vidos de conseils sur les amliorations du PMC par M.David

Tout sur le processeur multi-carburants de Paul Pantone par Quant'homme

Des vhicules rtrofits avec succs... De nombreux conseils techniques pour les constructeurs du PMC par M.David
Calcul de l'efficacit d'un rtrofit PMC sur la consommation d'un tracteur par C. Martz

Le ChtiPantone, des tracteurs au PMC dans le Nord de la France


"Avant son installation, le tracteur consommait 12-15 L/h. Lors du dernier essai contrl avec un broyeur de 3 mtres pendant 8 heures d'affile, la consommation de gazole s'est stabilise 7.5 L/h pour une consommation d'eau de 1.7 L/h."

SPAD
Le SPAD(c) est un optimiseur compact de performances pour les moteurs diesel et essence, driv du PMC Pantone, propos par APTE. La consommation de carburant et la pollution sont fortement rduites...

Cliquez ici pour le Plan complet du SPAD en PDF

The BingoFuel Reactor experiment

The BingoFuel Reactor v1.0 ( 1080 liters/hour of fuel mixture ) Le BingoFuel Reactor v1.0 ( 1080 litres/heure de mlange de carburant )

Tests of the BingoFuel Reactor v1.1 Tests du BingoFuel Reactor v1.1

How to build the BingoFuel Reactor v1.1 Comment construire le BingoFuel Reactor v1.1

The CFR for producing BingoFuel... Produire du BingoFuel avec le CFR...

The Worldwide BingoFuel Reactor BUILDERS LOGBOOK ( Updated 05-29-03 )

Burning gas tests with the BingoFuel Reactor Tests de combustion du gaz produit par le BingoFuel Reactor

A 5HP electrical generator fully powered with the BingoFuel Reactor Un groupe lectrogne de 5 cv entirement aliment par le BingoFuel Reactor

How to build a cheap and simple AquaFuel generator

Patent : US 603,058 - Electrical Retort by Hilliary Eldridge April 26, 1898 Construction of a Simplified Wood Gas Generator for Fueling Internal Combustion Engines in a Petroleum emergency by The Biomass Energy Foundation Press See the full document at : http://www.gengas.nu/byggbes/index.shtml << This report is one in a series of emergency technology assessments sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The purpose of this report is to develeop

detailed, illustrated instrucions for the fabrication, installation, and operation of a biomass gasifier unit (i.e. a "producer gas" generator, also called a "wood gas" generator) which is capable of providing emergency fuel for vehicles, such as tractors and trucks, should normal petroleum sources be severely disrupted for an extended period of time. These instructions have been prepared as a manual for use by any mechanic who is reasonably proficient in metal fabrication or engine repair. Fuel gas, produced by the reduction of coal and peat, was used for heating as early as 1840 in Europe and by 1884 had been adapted to fuel engines in England. Prior to 1940, gas generator units were a familiar, but not extensively utilized, technology. However, petroleum shortages during World War II led to widespread gas generator applications in the transportation industries of Western Europe. (Charcoal burning taxis, a related application, were still common in Korea as late as 1970.) The United States, never faced with such prolonged or severe oil shortages, has lagged far behind Europe and the Orient in familiarity with and application of this technology. However, a catastrophic event could disrupt the supply of petroleum in this country so severely that this technology might be critical in meeting the energy needs of some essential economic activities, such as the production and distribution of food. >> THE GAS PRODUCER - SCIENCE AND CONSTRUCTION The making of the Klle-gasifier by Torsten Klle

The ALF Vaporizer system manual by Alan Francoeur ( with diagrams and photos ) The Brown's gas generator by Milan Manchich ( with diagrams and photos ) A working and tested water engine patented by Franois Cornish ( with diagrams and photos )
Copyright Information Unless otherwise noted, all materials at this site (including without limitation all text, html markup, graphics, and graphic elements) are copyrighted , 1997-2004 by Jean-Louis Naudin. The material available through this site may be freely used for attributed noncommercial educational purposes only. We ask that due credit and notification be given the author. All materials appearing on this website may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system, or used in any way for commercial purposes without the express prior written permission of the copyright holder. Disclaimer:from the use or The author assumes no liability for any incidental, consequential or other liability from the use of this information. All risks and damages, incidental or otherwise, arising misuse of the information contained herein are entirely the responsibility of the user. Although careful precaution has been taken in the preparation of this material, we assume no responsibility for omissions or errors.

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