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Abstract

The Boxer Uprising that was caused in Late Qing was the explosion of
beneficial conflicts, the contradiction of social value, and political crisis. It
played an important role to the development of the physical education of
Modern China. The focus of this study was on the exploration of the
followings:
1. The influence of the Boxer Uprisings origin and development in Late
Qing to Modern China.
2. The origin and development of physical education of Modern China in
Late Qing.
3. The influence of the Boxer Uprising to the physical education of Modern
China.
The method was used by the historical research in this study, and the
following results were based on a collection of historical information, which
have been arranged, classified, criticized, and explained.
1. The origin and development of physical education of Modern China
had had deep influences by western modern physical education. The
Westernization Movement made the physical education showed firstly in the
schools. The Reform Movement of 1898 made the construction of the of
physical education ideology in Modern China, and the physical education
ideology reflected the demand of National salvation and rescuing the crisis
and Strengthen the country and build up the body that was expected to
physical education in Modern China. In these processes, the western

missionaries, the oversea students, the athletic association in Late Qing, the
missionary school, and YMCA had deep influence to the expensive
spreading of western modern physical education in China.
2. The Boxer Uprising that was caused in Late Qing originated from the
Chinese traditional activity of martial art. Its main characteristics included
anti-imperialism and anti-foreign cultural invasion, and the second
characteristic was the revolution of anti- feudalism. It was resulted by the
invasions of powerful countries, the Qing dynastys cruel control and inner
contradiction, the conflict between foreign religion and Chinese traditional
culture, the widespread flood and drought, and the traditional agricultural
and economic system that was destroyed by the social economic
transformation. Its inner development experienced the processes of
Supporting Qing Dynasty and wiping out the foreigners, The
Eight-Power-Allied Forces, The Southeast Mutual Nonaggression
Movement, The Xin-Chou Treaty, and The Late Qing Reforms. It had
a deep influence to politics, economics, society, education, and culture of
Modern China.
3. The Boxer Uprising that was caused in Late Qing had deep influences
to the development of modern physical education in China.
In the aspects of social physical education, it promoted the form of the
Chinese modern physical education, the foundation of the athletic
association in Late Qing, and the proceeding of the YMCAs sports activities
in China.
In the aspects of school physical education, it helped the physical

education become the official curriculum, the execution of the teachers


training of physical education, and the missionary schools policy of an
educational service organization that take religious activities as the dominant
factors to promote the modern physical education.
In the aspects of physical education ideology: It promoted the advocate
military affairs spirit of the physical education ideology of an entire nation
in arms and the physical education ideology of national essence.
In the aspects of traditional martial art: It attributed to the decline of the
foundation of traditional martial art and made it merged into education and
the city life.

Keywords: Late QingBoxer UprisingPhysical Education of Modern


China

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historical research

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1.external criticism
authenticityintegrity
2.internal criticism

trustworthinessmeaning

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A. C. Paul1963
China and Christianity: The Missionary Movement
and Growth of Chinese Anti-foreignism, 1860-1870. Cambridge:
Harvard University.

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3280-284
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74
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(1)48-61
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281-83
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( 503-514)

76

- -

(1862-1919)

-1862

1862 1 8

1862-

1870

1872

1878

- -


1880

1881

1884

1885

1890

18911894

( )
- -



1895

1895 9

(D. W. Lyon) YMCA

1896

1900

1901

- -

1901 1 29 1901

4 21

9 11

9 14


1902

(
) 1904 1 13
( )

1902 8

- -

1903

1904 1 13

1904 1

1904-

1908

1905

1905 9 2

1905 12 6

- -

1906

( )

( )

1906-

1907

1907

1908

1908

1909

- -

1910

(
1 )

1910 10

1911 1 25

1912

( )
, (
)

1913

11

12

- -


(1929 )
1913 1

1914

1914 6

1914 10

1915

1915 1

- -

6 20

7

10
1916

(1923
1927 )

1916 1

10

1917



- -



(
)
1917 4
5
1918


1918 5

1918 10

- -

1919

1919 1

1919 5

10

- -

1840-1980
1985
37-364717-719 85

1997 16 4 86-88

- -


(1862 - 1919)

1862

1863

1864

1865

1866

1867

1868

1869

1870

1871

1872

1873

1862

1874

1875

1876

1877

1878

1879

1880

1881

1882

1883

- -

1884

1885

1886

1887

1888

1889

1890

1891

1892

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

1898

1899

1900

1901

1902

1903

1904

1905

1906

1907

1908

1909
- -

1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915

()

1916

1917

1918

1919

- -


376
83
- -


135 76

- -


268 76

- -