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Product Data Sheet

BENTLEY PULS

An interactive simulation program for the analysis of fluid flow in piping networks
Bentley PULS is a native Windows interactive simulation program for the dynamic response analysis of fluid flow under steady-state pulsating flow conditions in piping networks. Bentley PULS is based on one-dimensional plane wave theory, and employs an efficient transfer matrix approach in the frequency domain. Other competing programs use the time domain solution which is less accurate due to discretization of the elements and adjustment of speed of sound in some legs to fit the uniform element length needed for the analysis.
PULS is ideal for predicting pressure pulsation levels and acoustic shaking forces. The program may be used for solving performance problems caused by reciprocating equipment or flow generated sources in piping and pipeline systems, and in compressor, pump, control valve and meter stations. Unlike older analog computing methods, Bentley PULS provides a state-of-the-art digital solution. The technology is based on methods developed and proven under a multi-million dollar research program at Nova Corporation (Trans-Canada) and University of Calgary (Alberta). SI units. Customized units can also be specified. New input spreadsheets are bi-directionally synchronized with the graphical plot to navigate quickly to find, check or make global changes to element, pressure/temperature or data.

Libraries of Components, Loss Models and Fluid Properties


Bentley PULS provides comprehensive and extensible libraries of piping components, loss models for components such as reducers, orifice plates, valves and tees. Gas properties are calculated using AGA-8 equation of state. PULS also accepts user-defined liquid or gas properties.

Key Benefits
Reciprocating compressor data and pipe span & bottle sizing

Ability to check pulsations against 1995 & proposed 2001 API 618 guidelines Ability to predict and eliminate pulsation problems at the design stage Interactive comparative results between two models Avoid costly consultant fees Troubleshoot flow induced vibration problems Evaluate bottle, acoustic filter and choked tube designs Automatic generation of gas properties for common natural gas mixtures

System Model
Nodes defining the 3D system geometry are assigned with inter-connecting elements. Element transfer matrices are integrated into an overall system matrix composed of linear equations with complex coefficients and variables. The variables include RMS values of pulsating pressure and volume flow velocity at each node. A sparse variant of Gaussian elimination for the solution of unsymmetrical equations solves for the results.

Graphical Review of Analysis Results


PULS provides text reports, and on-screen synchronized result grids to quickly identify areas of concern. Animated acoustic mode shapes help identify and solve certain resonance frequency issues. Other graphical color coded results include pulsation ratios based on API 618 guidelines, spectral plots of pulsation pressures, volume flow velocities, impedance, shaking forces and cylinder pressure-volume trace card (PV card). Harmonic shaking forces can be automatically transferred to AutoPIPE for evaluation of dynamic piping responses.

Interactive view of API618 guideline violation

Easy-to-Use Object based Graphical Interface


Bentley PULS has a sophisticated Windows user-friendly point & click, toolbar and menu-driven interface for quickly developing system models while minimizing data entry. Model verification is rapid due to extensive graphics that highlight model features at any point in the model building process. Importing models from AutoPIPE or 3D CAD programs like AutoPLANT, PlantSpace or PDS avoids re-modeling the piping system. PULS performs consistency checks to identify errors, and supports English (imperial) or

View compressor pressure-volume plot

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
Processor: Intel Pentium or AMD AthlonT Operating System: Windows Vista, XP, and 2000 RAM: 256MB minimum, 512MB recommended Hard Disk: 35MB free disk space (40MB recommended) Display: Graphics Card supported by OpenGL 3D graphics

BENTLEY Puls AT-A-GLANCE


Easy to use
Easy to use, point & click, toolbar and menu-driven Ability to model both gas and liquid systems Fast transfer matrix solution for results in less than a minute vs. several hours with time domain methods Automatic renumbering of point names Work in X, Y or X vertical axis English, Metric, SI, and userdefined units with automatic unit conversions Undo/Redo up to 99 operations Elements include pipes, volume, pressure drop, tees, orifice plates and valves Pipe elements include damping due to viscous, thermal and fric OpenGL CAD graphics with tional effects Pulsation sources include pressure, volume flow velocity, orifice plate, ball or globe valve, and reciprocating pump Loss models for orifice plates, valves, tees, reducers , expansions and contractions Color-coded model view based on pipe size, flow rate, API guideline, fluid parameters & temperatures and pressures ANSI/ASME or DIN standard piping component libraries Import 3D model from AutoPLANT, PlantSpace, Intergraph PDS, or AutoPIPE CAD imports are done thru AutoPIPE NTL import Custom puls and split ratios for tees to auto adjust puls and flow for systems with loops

Analysis
Automatic calculation of Darcy friction factors Variable fluid properties throughout system as a function of pressure and temperature AGA-8 thermo physical models for calculation of thermo dynamic properties of gas mixtures

Modeling

ABOUT BENTLEY
Bentley Systems, Incorporated is the global leader dedicated to providing comprehensive software solutions for sustaining infrastructure. Architects, engineers, constructors, and owner-operators are indispensable in improving our world and our quality of life; the companys mission is to improve the performance of their projects and of the assets they design, build, and operate. Bentley sustains the infrastructure professions by helping to leverage information technology, learning, best practices, and global collaboration and by promoting careers devoted to this crucial work. For more information, visit www.bentley.com

toggle between single line, wire-frame and solid render drawing modes CAD style view and component toolbars Dynamically zoom, pan, or rotate model capability with toolbar or mouse buttons Single, double or quad view ports for CAD style work environment Graphical object technology with point and click capability for inserting, modifying or deleting piping components Interactive Input spreadsheet grid synchronized with the plot for finding, checking and editing model data

Results
Graphic viewing of results using color-coded model to highlight points that exceed API 618 guidelines, spectral plots of pulsation pressures, volume flow velocities, impedance, shaking forces and cylinder pressure-volume trace card (PV card) Animation of acoustic resonance mode shapes to help identify critical frequencies Automatic determination of flow and pulsation direction for each flow path in the network Result Grid for interactive review of API 618 violation ratios

BENTLEY OFFICES
Corporate Headquarters
685 Stockton Drive Exton, PA 19341 USA 1-800-BENTLEY (1-800-236-8539) Outside the US +1 610-458-5000

Bentley Systems Europe B.V.


Wegalaan 2 2132 JC Hoofddorp Netherlands +31 23 556 0560

Bentley Asia
Unit 1402-06, Tower 1, China Central Place, No. 81 Jianguo Road, Beijing, 100025, China +86 108 518 5220 Color coded input data and synchronised grids You can import 3D plant design

2008 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. Bentley and the B Bentley logo , AutoPIPE, AutoPLANT and PlantSpace are either registered or unregistered trademarks or service marks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or one of its direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries. All other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners. DAA022950-1/0002 10/08