Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 122

Transmisso Automtica

AL4


    
!"#
!  $
!%
! &(') ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )+*
., -!/1032.034 536 7 895:8909;
,
<:->= 8:032.?@7 A@7 B(5:C(D9E
,
F:-!GIHJ5:834 E4 09B(5LK97 ?@H96 5:?@7 MNE89E:;!036 03O0L2J? E:;!;NE36 7 BP7 ? 5:89E:;
Q
Q:->R9E:;7 B7 EL2J5LO032.? ETS94 EL6 5LO032.? E:;!8:05:U3H96 V.59;PWJ532:7 6 V.59;1890A@4X7 B(CND9ELWJB(5L6 CNE9;189059A@7 2J5:C(D9E
Y
-Z >[0:;(BP4X7 C(D:ETSJBNE32.\XH92.? E890]03O^:4 537 59U9032.;>_3,0_9<3WJ?@4 5:M(D:ET`,
a
Y:-!b1K:4 09;N032J? 5:C(D9ESJA 034X4 5LO0L2J? 59;109;PKJ0:B7 5L7 ;
c
 defg  e  
!"#
!  $
!%
! &('g) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )+**
., -!/1032.034 536 7 895:8909;
,9,
<:-!hi4 5L2J;PKJEL4 ? 005L4XO5:j(032.53Oi032J? E]895:;!BN537 k(59;!8:0MN036 E:B7 8959890:;
,9,
F:->R90:C(5:;!5];H9^.;(?@7 ?@H97 4(;7 ;(? 0LO59?@7 B(5LO0L2J? 0
,9,
"l 
m"n T  
!"]#
! f&
!&$  o) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )+*p
., ->`(0L4X4 53Oi032.? 5TK94 0:B(E32:7 jN59895
,JF
<:->qiE32.? 59U90LOr8LH;PH9KJEL4 ? 0T2.5B(5L7 kN5890]M(0L6 E9BP7 895:8909;
,JF
" 
st #
!s u) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )+*v
., ->`(0L4X4 53Oi032.? 5TK94 0:B(E32:7 jN59895
,Z
<:->[0:;OiE32J? 5:U903O
,Z
" 
m"]w3"l
m"nf"lfx&yn) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) z'
., ->[0:;OiE32J? 5L4
<9Q
<:->qiE32.? 59U90LO
<9Q
" 
m"{w|"l
m"nt" 
!& }   l$  ~  # ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) zi
., ->`(0L4X4 53Oi032.? 5TK94 0:B(E32:7 jN59895
<9c
<:->EL6 53Oi032.? E9;!8:5T6 7 29V.5;N09BH:2J89L4X7 5
F9F
F:->EL6 53Oi032.? E9;!8:E8L7 A@4 0L2JB7 536
F9Q
" 
ste#
!s
! #g) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )+p
,.->`(0L4X4 53Oi032.? 5TK94 0:B(E32:7 jN59895
F9c
:< ->[0:;OiE32J? 5:U903O
F9c
" 
m"]w3"l
m"n 3
!$"f m $*&xz{) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ''
., ->`(0L4X4 53Oi032.? 5TK94 0:B(E32:7 jN59895
Q9Q
<:->[0:;OiE32J? 5L4
Q9
F:->qiE32.? 59U90LO
ZQ
Q:-!iEL2J?@4 E36 E8959;1A E36 U95:;
Y9
" 
m"{w|"l
m"n"] &  
! ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )+('
., ->`(0L4X4 53Oi032.? 5TK94 0:B(E32:7 jN59895
<:->[0:;OiE32J? 5:U903O
F:->qiE32.? 59U90LO

Y9Q
Y9Q
YZ

"l
m"w3"l 
3m"(
! $     ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )9
J, -I`(034X4 5LO0L2J? 5TK:4 09BNE3297 j(598:5
Y:a
<9-I[09;POE32.? 534
Y:a
F9-IqEL2J? 5:U903O
a:
"
m"n(e#
!s
! #) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )9tz
J, -I`(034X4 5LO0L2J? 5TK:4 09BNE3297 j(598:5
a:<
<9-IqEL2J? 5:U903O
a:Q
F9-1iE32.?@4 E36 E]895A EL6 U:589E]M(0L7 E890]032.?@4 59895
c:
"
m"n(#
!se ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )9tz
,J-I`(034X4 5LO0L2J? 5TK:4 09BNE3297 j(598:5
c:<
9< -IqEL2J? 5:U903O
c:Y
 f~  # ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )9
J, -1b1K94 0:;(032.? 59C(D:E
<9-117 ;N? 59;103OB(EL4 ? 0
F9-I= 890L2J?@7 A@7 BN59C(D9E]895:;>OiE36 5:;
Q9-I[09;POE32.? 59U90LOr8:ET^:6 E9BNETV97 8L4 3H96 7 BNE
Z -I[09;POE32.? 59U90LOr8:ET^:6 E9BNETV97 8L4 3H96 7 BNE
Y9-IqEL2J? 5:U903O89E^96 E:B(EV97 8L4 3H96 7 BNE
a9-IqEL2J? 5:U903O89E^96 E:B(EV97 8L4 3H96 7 BNE
c9-1b3A@7 2.59CND9E8:EB(ELO5L2J89E7 2.? 034X2JE]890];(036 09BNC(D9ETX6 3O]7 2.5890]?@4 532JBN59U90LO

:Y
,J:
,JL,
,J:<
,J:Q
,J:a
,J:
,J:

.JJ
*3%N1:iL P1)
z1%913r31 :1)
p33J3L3 P P % 33xL33 1)
'1L3 g3 3 1)
v3L3 rLP33L3 1)
3%3 J33L 3 )
3%3|L3 :13!*3)
3%3|L3 :13 z1)
33J:9g3r3 (L}i*3)
*3L3J99g3rP 9Jr}z1)
*3*L3J99g3rP 9Jr}ip3)
*9z%1P3:g3r3 |L9J3P91)
P3 r33 1P 3L3:39+1|: I9'JLoLoL9Pg33 Li |3:g3
JJi{li (&&.(L :
vJl3{i t]3{.(3 9i

Fig :

NtNN

z1)*w L r33 1P L33:3:19 >:'

J.
L39J P3P9gLrL r33 % 33L9r:P91LL3r9%13l%93P:rP13gP3 J31L9J:i)
.3!9L33P :r1 191)
.3!33|L g33 3)
Fig :

Nt

z1) z&w 3 3 39%13rP3 r33 %P 33L9L9%|9 P

.J
.P!9J33L !+!"|1 !)
.3!3L|3 g3L !+!"|1 !)
.3!N1L 3gL3r33|L g!!"|1 !)
XJL3|LgLiL 3)
X1!9J33LP 3 9gL3:33)
.3!N1L 3gL3r33|L g 39J3)

Fig :

NtNN

z1)pw f! %(g3 33L N

J..
L39J P3P9:3 %(3 333 N:Pi:13L39%3e19LP9P1Le 39:33L:9
3 PJ 33 :1%3 3P L3 )
XL3|L {L19J91L9g33LN *r3L3Ng3zg%9:13:)
.!L9g3J33 PLP91)
. L r9g3:{LlJ3L P3P91)
.|!33|L g9g33LN1)
.3!33|L g3r9%33 *9&*r9+%33L)
.3!33|L g3r3L3)
Fig :

oP3 i33 1P 3L3:39+1|9J P>9':Pi:1Ls:|3L3LP9Ls3 3N1:&1LP99L3 3|39+L


913 9J9
z& (i( *lxzi
p](9it } *t9i(|l 3.3}z} p(9(|l9 t(3
gn 9 9 i 9

Nt

PR EP;L7 C:DPE8P5l56 5PM:52NB:58P0


M:06 EPBL7 8P5P8P0P;

L 06 5PC:DPE
02NU4 02N5P8P5

_i6 0O102N?E
O1EP?XE4

Ri,
-

Ri,

1<P-LRP],

Ri,
-

Ri,

R<

<

1<P-LRP],

R<

iR , 0 1<PR,
-

1<P-LRP],

Ri,

Ri,

R<

<

1<P-LRP],

R<

R < 0 I,NR<

,
F

,
<
<
<5KNE7 E2NE^NEP?DPE , 8PE
;:06 0PB:?E4P8P0KP4 EPU4 5O15
,

_iOI^P4 57 5PUP02N;

_i6 0O102N?E
^P6 EPHN0P5P8PE

R<

Ri,

R<

1<P-LRP],

R<

_, _< `3, `:< 9` F

Ri,

h14 5PM:P0P;

3:13L3r
 l( &J L(
 tinl i9t(33J 3 Ji(9itltJi .(| i til
@*Pw|. illt(| t i(|*
@ziPw|. illt(| t i(z
@*w|ti (w93( (|*
@zw|ti (w93( (z
@*Pw| ( *
@xziPw| ( lz
@zw3*w( (w93( t|@* t9l i(&l9 9ltllJ l zi
@*(w3zw( (w93( t|@z t9l i(&l9 9ltllJ l*
@w|l (inl :t
@*Pw| (*
@xziPw| (z
@} *wtLt} *
@}zwtLt}z
@} pwtLt} p

NtNN

x! x :L

: N:]
L NLN]
Nx P :

L N:
x.x x.:



N:

x N Nx P :1:]NLx.





 

 

 

 

 

 






















 .x T
. : :
Nx N x
: :x x










39%33L
e t J 3t
: ll ( i9(&(i3 J L Ji(9((|Ji Ji(|l i (l
Pw| ( i9(
*w|l tin*
zw|l tinxz
} *Pw(3(} *
}ziPw(3(}z
} pPw(3(} p
Pw| J L 3 l39 *lx

Nt

.J
*3pL1 *9'%133 3:3J PP91)
*3vL1 z1L1 1 3|39+g3r9%3 L9)
z1*L1P3 N{L9J L3P91)

Fig :




i  1J3P9 39J: 9L L9J39J99
331 L9L3:3Lg 3:g9gN1:iL P1)

i   1 3|39+
L39%9J93 )

3 :13 L9

*L3

L0PB:0KN?XE4

`:E6 UP5P;I8P0A.HP2NBL7 E2N5O102N?El0O OO

_,

b ,5,PW Q

_P<
`L,

NtNN

PO104 El8P0l87 ;:B:EP;







-:-:-

<l5l<W Q

,NQ

J . .

  g3 N3i: %333LP 9LrP1L L|
L PL P1L 19J3 N1
3 J333L3|L9L39%9:JL 1T 9J3 1)
J:P1:}ipr}zr9rJ9P1:3rP 9J:i)


Fig :

3)*w L r3 9J3 33P9gL3 L P w)+3p3pL

. J
L33P:{L3r3N3PJ9%3 w)+3pLp3>)
f L91:3LrL9%9:13wi19J91Lo:gN193 P% w)Lp3p3rf!)
Nt
Fig :
& ('

"!

$# %

& )'

+ :J3N+1%9g9J39+1%3lJ3:| P9g3 3 J w)+3pLp3r)


+ J3|L9g3r|3L9L3P9g:g(%93 P% w)Lp3p3r)
+ 9PJL(+%13r 3J3 w)+3p3p3r!)
+} J3|L9g3r1::139g9J39+%19gN%93 P% w)Lp3p3r}i)
+m %3L:g3r9PJLPP9g9g9J39+1%9gN19L P1 w)+3p3pLrml)
+~* J339g3r19J91Lo:g9JL9%13J39| P9g93L33 w)+3p3pLr~*3)
+~z %3 r3r%9J9139g9J39+%13J39| P9g93L33 w)+Lp3p3r~z1)
* L|3:g3r19J9%39g9J39+1%3lJ3:| P9g3 3 J w)+3pLp3*3)
Pz 13 r3r19J9%39g9J39+1%3JL9| P9g3 3 J w)3pLp3Pz1)
339g3r%9J91Lo:g9JL9%19r3 {L3 LP: w)3pLp3 !)
+ 3|LL 9J3 LPLrN19J 1 g3rP3 L3 % 33L9L9+1|9J P>:' w)+3pLp3r3)
+"|* L39J9Pg3r9J 3LP9g9gN1339gLiL 3PP9g 9JL: w)+3pLp3r"|*3)
+"z P3 Ng3r9J 3LP9g9gN1|L39g33 3PP9g 9J3: wi)+3p3pL"z1)
+ * :JL(+1%9g9J39+1%9g3 gLL9P9%339T3 % 33L9 w)+3pLp3r *3)
+ z :JL(+1%9g9J39+1%9g3 gLL9P9%339T3 % 33L9 w)+3pLp3r z1)
+ P3:irLrP3 r3Lr3:19JL3g3 Pr3:1Jr3rP3 LiL 1P L33: w)Lp3p3r1)
& '
& '
& )'
& *'

& +'
&

,'

&

-'

&

,'

&

-'

&/.)'

0.

& ,'
&

,'

&

-'

&

,'

&

-'

& )'

3) z&w 3 ir3rL333P: w)+3p9'3z

J t
9PJL(+%19r%L33r 1 3|39+g9g3 JLL3P 3 w)+3p9'3zr>)
+f 3 Pg3J33|L9rL19J91L3r3 PJr9g33L33:{ 1 3|39+g9gL LL3P 3 w)+3p9'Lz{f!)
+ J33|L9JLr19J:133L9JL9 3N+11LlJ3:i P9g:33LL w)+3p:'3zg)
+ J33|L9JLr9 33P9gL 3| LLlJ3LP913 w)+3p9'3zs)
+ LL|3:3|L39J33P::3 3L9L3 w)+Lp9'3z 39PJ 3P3L3 *Lv3|
*3 z1v3 rL3 3%33J P L3)
+} J3339JLr19J:139g3L33L9g 1 L|39+g9g3 J3L3P 3 w)Lp9'Lz{}i)
+m J333:r3r%9J91LoLr3 PJ:g33L33:g1 3|L9+g9g3 J33L 3 w)+3p:'3zgml)
+~ J33|L9JLr19J:139r%L33r 1 3|L9+{:g3 J33L 3 w)+3p:'3zg~)
JLL|39Jr3r%9:139L 1 3|L9LL 33LL3L3 w)+3p:'3zr)
9PJL(+%19L 1 3|L9LL 3LiLP33L3 w)+Lp9'3z !)

Fig :
& ('

1!

$# 23

& )'

& '
& '

& )'

65

&

& *'

& +'
& '
& 8'

&/.)'

NtNN

9.

 :19Jr3r3:19J9%33r3 Jr9r13L3r 1 3|39+g9gL LL3P 3 w)+3p9'Lz{3)


" : JL(+1%3r3 PJr9r133Lr 1 L|39+g9g3 J3L3P 3 w)+3p9'Lz{"|)
JL L|3:r3r3:19J9%3w%9:133r:1Pr93TL9L3 P  1 L3 w)+3p:'3zg )
& ,'

& :'
& '

.
! J3339Jr33rL:w+%33g3 J9g:J99g}i* w)+Lp9'3zr!>)
>f J3339Jr3r3:w+133gN1:Jr3 P:{Lr3|LL 9%3!* w)+3p:'3zr>f!)
> JLL|39Jr3rL:wP%33g3 J9gLL|3L 91Lo1* w)+3p9'3zrI)
> JLL|39Jr3rL:wP%33g3 J9gLL|3L 91Lo3z w)+3p9'3zrI)
> J3339Jr3r3:i19J91Lo:gN19J9w3 J9g3r333 913 z w)+3p9'Lz>!)
>} L3|L9rLL919J:139gN19J:wiL P:{Lr3|LL 9%3!* w)3p:'3zr>})
>m J33|39Jr3r%9J913:{L PJ9g3r3|LL 9%3o3z w)+3p:'3zr>m)
>~ JLL|39Jr3%3 L|39+g9g L3 g 9J3 %1:g(%9Jr3 PJ9g3r3|L3 :13 z w)+3p:'3zr>~)
! J33|L9rLl%3 L|39+g9g L3 g9PJ3 %19gN%9r3 J9gLL|33 :13 z w)Lp9'3zr1i)
J3339Jg3g%9:13 :{J3 nL{P 1P33>:nN19@39+n3:333 :13:!*gg z w)+3p:'3z
!)
> J3339Jr3r1:J913LL PJ:r133Lr 1 339+g9g3 J33LP 3 w)Lp9'3zr>L)

Fig :
&
('

&

"!

$# 2;

&

)'

'

&
&

'
)'

&
&

8'

<'

&
&

'

='

& >.)'
>.
&

,'

Nt

! LP:3sJ P %%9 3:3 339J33 9J3J 3:i JL%9L&L NL33 3@3PP91


3rN%9L(+gN1:3:J9)
3 3L19$3L::113 g3LoL3L3 9gLL :wPP19L333L9g39J3 1L9JL9 N1 3:{L339J3)
33Pr :33L3 L|39+L9%3 9J:
| 3.i9 t
(|9(|((3]i(tL l LJinl l9l9

3L39eL3|$ |3 $39&i:13 L$33$3:i19J91L N1|3 9J$3$P3 $3T3 1P L33:i19J3L


L1 + L$3 +3r3:J39| PP1:i)
@7

$7

"D

-D

!
]!  > 
9 LP9 3 3L93 91L
9J 1L  %33 L9LP PL L3 333 N3)
7

,7

3 3 irL9$33P:
( 3 :(39 9] 9 (3 3(lll ll99
9i 9 (3ltl(|9(|Ji3Jl l (

 1L3N13N13 | 91% 9 PJ 3:1L+19L3sP333 s3 3L3 NLgL3 |39J3P:3 33 J PLP9


9L3 3|L9+3)
339Jrr3%9:13
 9 (|((t|lti9  9]L(3 l]i tl9 L3 i9 (L
i | 3J9 (|t9|.i{l t. L(

 L9%9J913 L3| P3 i L3 % 33L9gL333: 1 9 :J L33 391sP391L9 L


3L +P3 :|9J3 P9%r31L33 N%9r |L39J Pg9J3NJ33%9%33LN19T913 9J9
(93 3  T (3 9 t3l(&Ji(3 9i ]$lttil Ji) t& ( i 3 {it &  (
i (Ji L(
t3it|n l|9 t3(go 9  (|  Jo (u(eL 3 ((3 (3 i9 w:3
3l(3(( & 3&9  &@ 9  (   J@
$7

"D

E7

@7

8D

39J L39J3L:{9{N1:3 P113:i 3L9J 3|39J:J319{ :1313L33:{39|L3 3L 3N%9


oLr9 J31r39JL9r9139+{:r3 g3r39J3L 393LP3 r9gN1:3 P1)

]39+39J:sN1L391 gL33L3P91:gP3 9s3TiL 1P L33:gL93iLiL|3$3| L33L9


P3L 9$31 9 J LLl% 9g3LN13 39%)
,7

!$33 39$3J PP9 P39rJ3|:11:J99g}ipL)


P P1)
eJ J g9g3 PJ 33 :1%3 3L3 N1)

i19LL3: 1:3r9J L3P9g3:3 3 :9g3 J 3L 9%13 333 N1)


!3:P J3 19T39J9+% P9:3$3 339+3T913 9:
Ji(&(il
((9|lJi(&(il
@9 i9 (l tit*lz
((9|t(9i(|}z} p
 J 3 L (|t iJ&  J
 iJ  J
t (|((9it|}z}3p
9t( lt:3(&]i (
9t( 3 i9 (|l(
9t( 3 i9 (|3 
 J 3 L ll &(ltti
9 J .&(& iJ  J

*D

N N N
@? BA

 9&lJlt3 :9t
l] ( :
3   lt 9 
!39PJ L 3L9J39+1::3L 3|L9+3T913 9J9
3 (3l :3(& 
3 (3l :3(&(3
( J i 3 l(L 93(&(3
J(3 :
 9&lJlt3 i9 (

!39PJ L 1:L9:PL9J9:3$3 339+3T913 9:


9  (J(3 9i
9  tt
9   .&  .
ltti J
t(9| 39(&(&lt(l J
((&lt:3 3 l(
((&l 3
l(&9 lt tli (

!39PJ L 3L9%|39+L3r:J3L33L 33Lr93$3 339+3T91L 9J9


9  tt
9l (i (93(
3 &l(

!39PJ L 3LJ3 L9LL 3|L9L:13 9J:


J(l 9(& (i*
9 :(| (i(|*lxz
J(l 9(& (iz

!39PJ L 3L3 +1:rN%9Jr3 J9g:3L 3|L9+3T913 9J9


l ti*
l tiz
t3(} *
t3(}z
t3(} p

!39PJ L 3L 1 L|39+L3r:13 L9$93$3 339+L9%3 9J9$


l ti*
l tiz
9(9 i9 ll tiz :  l9 :l (i
n 9 9 i 

*D

*D
*D

8D

E7

*D

N
@? BA

J .
+* >L3|L9J L P33L91 J3P3 LiL 1P L3L9>!3uz3' 33L 3L|39+P39J 3
N139J3L 3)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# F

.J
919JL1
l3(i *3l9 3l]L 9 (
l tL9l]3 :9ttL i9 ( zi
J(J  l Jit p l9 3l]3 i9 (

Fig :

NtNN

F

J.
} iL1J33|L9 +* LrP3 r33 1P 3L3:9J L39rLLLL9J LN19$9r3:1 J *L)
3 9%31r :39J313 L3 % 33L9)
"19J3LgN19@39+rP13r3:1 rLrL33LP91)

Fig :

Nt

2

0& ,'

J
+* 3:19$3LrL9%9:13wi19J91Lo:gN193 P% w)Lp3p3rf!)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# #

J
z L3|L9JLrN1|L9P9g3rL9%9:13w19J9%39rJL g}pr) w)+3p9'3zg)

Fig :
& -'

1!

$# !H

N 9
@G

z1)*w LJ3%9gN19L %

Fig :

J.

!
1  >   N1:iL P1 N19J3 3|
33L9 33L |:1 L9J 3 1 9119JLL
1 +P 3L9JL3|J 3:i JL] 9J 1L3P9
3r |3L :i)

,7

"19J3%9JLL|39J: +* J)
!93%r9:PL3gN1:iL P1 *L)
I& ,'


  :i 9og+1|n:3P3 L9n1 9
3:N13 L339Jn+%39:1L33N%9L
39%9J91L|)

J.
N 9N
Fig :

@G

!

!J9PJ33+19LLN1L3N%::3L L39J9$P39J39%9)
919JL1
JJ i   zi
l3(i p3tJiJ i  
l3(i l9 ti 'i
J(J  l Jit v l9 3l]3 i9 (
 l] ( 9  9( i 
ltti9l J 

KJ

.J 9
919JL1
l J L 3 ll (int tlt( 
9(ti 3 i9 lt 
9(ti 3 i9 l]3  *
9(ti l(93(i ( **

Fig :

L!M

8D

.J
919JL1
t  9 *tzi
|((9 *t'i
9  (Jit3 : *p
l3t *v
l3t *

N 9
Fig :

@G

L!N


   339J:L 3 3P99 LJL
N19L %1r9gPLJ3%39J9T9g 3L9J N3)
z1) z&w f 13r31 9

J. .
:i19J31
&((9 *
|t(9 *
&Jit+t till ( 9 9

Fig :

!

*O


   3L9J:P3 *L3n:
3 J339J9)

J. t
:i19J31
3( *
  9:t zi

N 9N
Fig :

@G

3 (%9

!3

z1)+pw
:i:{Lr 9r}ip

.J
919JL3rL|9% z%*31:J9:g}prN1r9@33r3zr1L3P9LN1 1P3:3$3o3.)

Fig :

L!;

.J J
93L3JL3g3L9J:P z3z1%3rN19J:wiL9P9g:J99g}ip3)

Fig :

N 9
@G

L!

J.
:i19J3%r 9 z1pL19rJ99g}ip3)

Fig :

!H

!
1  > 9 9J3  ]3:gP 9J9g3|J:P1:
}prr}z1)

J.
:i19J3%L3 Lr3lJ PP9 zL'1)

Fig :

N 9N
@G

!P

.J J
1|L 1J3|L:g3 PJ9g3rN133: z%v31:J99g}ip 9%1|L g3J33|L9J z J)
919JL3rJL z13)
9N1|L | %lJ33 z1v3)

Fig :

L!%

0Q

0& -'

.J 
919JL1
l( z
l zi
 9t zi
l]i zi

Fig :

L!R

S& *'

N 9
@G

z1) '&w  J3L3P 3xr 333PL33L

J. .
:i19J31
 p
$t& p* 3 (39 p(zi(& (L9 p(zi T  &(&
p*
} 3%%33%L 9L3Pr3r* +'r% :3LrL9%9L1L39J3)
Fig :

!T

$7

,O

J. .
"|39J3%r39PJL 1LP9 p3pL 9%1|3 g333 9P N1)
:i19J3L |3 J3L3339Jr 33LL33L p3v3%lg3 L33P L p:'1)

Fig :

N 9N
@G

!U

VQ

Fig :

.J
L!W

+"|!!!
] I  ]
3|P3 33:o3n3:o P3|9
J3P9 3 39% 3 939J9 33L339 3:P:
1L33N%9)
919JL1
9 J p
l3t p
tl( .  p

N 9
@G

:i19J3LgLJL19gN1:3 P1 3%l%33LP9gN199%3L39J3)
"|39J3%r91|LL1 9%)

J.
:i19J31
|t(9 *
|t(9 'i
&Jit+t l(ll (&(&:  l9 L] p

Fig :

X2

!
1  1>  339Le3sP39J9%3 |
39J3
|L|39J N 19391|L z1]: P3 J3]3
3 |L9J3P9 v3 )
> 31r:1|3rLl% 9gr39JL wi 3r 1L 3|L9JP13r39:J |L9s3 :J N1)
:iLN13 33gN19gL:1|3rLl% 9 z1%9gP3 J31LL |L9J3P9 v3)

"|!!!
 >  J3NJ3L3 N%9 1 s L33
1L9$9L3P:39J:3r1::13)
"19J3LgP3 J31Lr3 |L9LP9 v3LP13gP3 J313P3L  p3)

  "19J33 339J:L '% 3
33LJ3)

N 9 PN
@G BM

.J
"%9L3gPL: L13r:1|3rLl% 91)
LX

Fig :


i  1 1P3 {39J3 3&L&N133: L9:
N1:{Lr91|LL1 9 z1)
"%9L1r %3r3r913r31 91)

i  1 1P3 P33:  39 9N%:L
9%|3r31 9 z1)
!
]!  > P39+ 3](%93913
31 9 z%i: 3P:3 L93 3L9P9%33
3l+1 %r +3 |3)
ZD

Fig :

.J J

N 9 P
@G YM

LX

"|!!!
 >  >3 J P3
339LLrP39J91L L)

L:33P

9L

"19J3LgN19gL:1|LL1 9 z%)

Fig :

J. .
X

"|!!!
 > 93L J3Ir%L3 3g33L+n
339J9Pg9%13L9:Pgr313LoLr*r3)
! 9w3L3JL3L3L9J:P3 '11r3+vr|)+33 )
>33 J33LL39J9P3 '1%3+r|)+3L )

J.
!39PJ L 1@39Jl+% r:3L39J9PL *3)

Fig :

X

"|!!!
 > 93L J3Ir%L3 3g33L+n
339J9Pg9%13L9:Pgr313LoLr*r*L3)
N 9 PN
@G BM

"%9L3LL39J9P3 *3%
(w3  l vl) 
   l) 

19J 1 L1r 3LP9g3r:1|3rLl% 9gN1 %P33:3wr9gN1:3 P1)


"%9L1339Jl+% Pr93P1Lg(%9g3r913r31 :1)

N 9 P
@G YM

. J
* :JL(+1%93$ 1 33:L3r L3LL33L w)+3p:'3z !)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# 2

9.

.
z J333:r3r%9J91Lo:3$ 1 339+3$3r 3LiLP33L3 w)+3p:'3zr)

Fig :
& -'

"!

$# 2H

N 9 tN
G BN

J
+p 3 gLlJ3339Jr3r1::133r3 Jr9g3L33L9g 1 339+g9g3 J33L 3 w)3p:'3zgf!)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# 2P

J .
' L3|L9JLr19J:133r3 Jr9g3L33L9g 1 L|39+g9g3 JLL3P 3 w)Lp9'3zgm)

Fig :
& -'

1!

$# 2%

N 9 tN
G YN

. 
v J333:r3r%9J91Lo:g33L33:{ 1 3|L9g:{L L3L 3 w)+3p:'3zg})

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# 2R

. J
:JL(+1%3r3 PJr9r133Lr 1 L|39+g9g3 J3L3P 3 w)+3p9'Lz{"|)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# 2T

N 9 tN
G BN

J .
+ 9%9rLr39%9J91LoLr3 PJ:%33Lr% 339+g9g3 J33L 3 w)3p:'3zg3)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# 2U

J
+ 9PJ3N+119r%L33r 1 3|39+g9g3 JLL3P 3 w)+3p9'3zr>)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# 2W

N 9 tN
G YN

.
J333:r3r%9J91LoLr3 PJ:r133Lr% 339+g9g3 J33LP 3 w)Lp9'3zr>L)
"!

Fig :
& ,'

$#

.
*3 JLL|L9rL19J9%39r1L33r 1 L|3:g9g3 JLL3P 3 w)+3p9'Lzg~)

Fig :
&
,'

"!

$# #

N 9 tN
G BN

J
+*3* :JL(+1%9g33L33:g1 3|L9+g9g3 J33L 3'1*3L9wP
)

Fig :
&
,'

1!

$#

z1)+*w 9%9:1L

.J t
919JL19%1|L g3J33|L9 +* 
 lt *
 lt zi

G

Fig :

0& ,'

N 9 tN
G YN

z1) z&w "%9:13

J.
"19J3%91%|3 g3lJL3|39J z r3L|r33 3r3L33 g:riL g3r L33P3L33 r
& i l( *
& i l( z

[

Fig :

0& -'

p3)*w :19J9%3

J. X
:i19J31
Ji {t lt tt9t( ( tit(3]J (+l9(3&(3tL(t
(3(lJi 
 9lt(  ( p (& 9  ti l &n9(
& i l( p ( l l( **

\

Fig :

*D

$Q

)Q

N 9 tN
G BN

S&

E'

.J 9
919JL1r3 J '11:%33Lr% 339+g9g3 J33L 3 91%|3 {L9TLL|39J9 +  + J)
M

Fig :

]Q

^& ,'

_& ,'

.J
919JL3g 1 L|39+ v3 9%1|3 {LlJLL|39J + )
N

Fig :

VQ

N 9 tN
G YN

0& ,'

p3) z&w "%9:13

J. .
"19J3%r3 PJ:g33L339g 1 3|L9+ pL19g3 J3LP 3 9%1|3 g39TLL|39J: +p  ' J)
?

Fig :

Q

I& ,'

0& -'

J.
"19J31
& i l( p ( l l( v
Ji i] lt

Fig :

)Q

S& @'

*D

N 9 tN
G BN

.JJ
"%9L1r3 P '1%9g 1 339+ 91%|3 g3J3339J + J)

Fig :

Q

_& ,'

.J t
"%9L3g 1 3|39+ v3 9%1|L g3J33|L9J *3 J)
3

Fig :

Q

N 9 tN
G YN

0&

,'

.
* J333:r3r|L39J3LP9g9rL g3r39J3L wi)+3p9'Lz{1)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# !P

. J
z J333:r3rN13:Pi:g3r3:19J9%3w%9:13:J3 g}z{) w)+3p:'3z

Fig :
& -'

"!

$# !%

N 9N
@G

z1)+*w 3 J31L93rP3 irLl3 1P 3L39

.J
1 %L19g 91L1LL|39J * J)

Fig :

LX

0& ,'

.J J
919JL1
|((9 z
t:( *

Fig :

LX


i   L39J9P3 3 J L:9P3 J3
N1:3 P1%r9gP3 L1L9J:Ti:{ 33: NLi)

N 9N
@G

J.
:i19J3L{L P: pL19rJ99g}i* iL39LwPg 13L)

Fig :

X

$7

z1) z&w >P33 39%13r3:Pi:

J. t
:i19J31
 v
& 9( '
&9 J 
& i l( &lti t 
3( 

Fig :

N 9N
@G

XG

z1)+pw 19@39+{Lr 33r3 3 333 :13:!* $ zg:i:{}i*L


0J

.J
1 %L1rP3 r33 1P 3L3:iPgPL L139J9$3LrL3 P1)
"|L9L3gN%939+g3r 33rL |3 3)
93L3JL1L3|3:J +* )
919JL3gN19@39+g3r L3r3 3 3)
919JL1L3|3:J +* )

Fig :

LX[

_& ,'

_& ,'


i I3 J P3!33&3:$J P33 N3 (% 3:3
9gPLJ3%|LP33 i1)
z1) '&w
:i:eLr 9r}z

.J X
1|L 1J3|L:g3 PJ9g3rN133: *L31:J99g}z 9%1|L g3J33|L9J z J)

Fig :

N 9N
@G

LX\

9Q

0& -'

J. .
:i19J31
 **
]t z
] *
& 9( *tzi
 *p

Fig :

X?

S& 8'

J.
:iL33 J3%3r3 %3|:P1 J:g339J9Pg3rN%9J:w39P: *:'13L 3LJ3%r 9J:J:i:g}z1)

Fig :

N 9N
@G

X

.J 9
919JL1rP 9J *3v3%9J:i:g}z%)

Fig :

N 9N
@G

LXM

. 
* J333:r3r3:19J9%39gN19J9w3 J9g3rL|33 91Lo3z1) w)+3p:'3zr>!)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# !R

. J
z J333:r3r3:19J9%39gN19J9w3 J9g3rL|33 91Lo1*3) w)+3p:'3zr>})

Fig :
& -'

"!

$# !T

N 9 9N
@G B3

J .
+p L3|L9JLr39wP+1|L3gN19Jr3 J9gLL|33 913!*3) w)+3p:'3zr>f!)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# !U

J
' L3|L9JLr39wP+1|L3g3 J9g3rL|33 91Lo1*3) w)+3p:'3zr>)

Fig :
& -'

1!

$# !W

N 9 9
@G Y3

.
v J333:r3rL:w+%|3L{L P:g3r3|L3 :13 z1) wi)+3p9'LzI)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# X

.
J333:r3r%9J91Lo:g3 PJ9g3r3|L3 :13 z1) w)+3p:'3zr>ml)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# X #

N 9 9N
@G B3

J
+ L3|L9JL13 L|39+g9g L3 g9PJ3 %19gN19Jr3 J:{Lr3|LL 9%3 w)+3p:'3z1)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# X

J
+ ]J333:g3{19J91L 9gJ3 3g.P %L39nN19@39+L9333 :13: 1*{{3z1) w)+3p:'3z
!)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# X

>.

N 9 9
@G Y3

.
J333:r31L 339+g9g 33 { 9L 1%9gN19JL P:{Lr3|LL 9%3 z1) w)+3p9'3zrI~)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# XA

.
*3 N1|L33:1 wi)+3p3pLr~)

Fig :
&
,'

"!

$# X!

N 9 9N
@G B3

J
+*3* L91 Jr|91L9 Ng3rN1|L33:1)

Fig :
&
,'

1!

$# XX

z1)+*w !|33 :13 z

.J
919JL3g3 L39J3 *3)

Fig :

N 9 9
@G Y3

LXN

J. .
:i19J31
&9(&@9 9 (i zi
&tt p
 'i
&t l( v

Fig :

X


L9L9J3r L39%9J93 )

J. t
!1 J33r3 g3r39J33r3LL9%9L3L3 N3:gN19L9gLL|33 913 z1)
Fig :

N 9 9N
@G B3

X3

Fig :

.J
LX;

!
]!  >   PL  3 N13:Pi:
J33|L9 +* r3 +gP3 1)

0& ,'

919JL$3 L9eN19JL PJ9 L 9%|3 e3TL3|39J * J3L|$33:$33 3 P9


3J3 Li)
+Q

^& ,'

.J J
919JL1
l( *
l 
J((w3 9t 
J(+( &i (|9l 
 9t  L (

Fig :

LX

S& @'

N 9 9
@G Y3

J .

  3 PJ9 L3:19J9w &N1 %P33:$
3 L 3:3L P1L 33 39J:
|9J33:{L1N13 | :g9r1 +P g.L.)
XH

Fig :

z1) z&w !|LL 91L!*

Fig :

J.
XP

!
1  >   P3 P 3 N1|L9P9
LL|39J z r|3 +gP3 +1)

0& -'

:i19J3LJ3 *3L 9%1|L g3J33|L9J z J3L|r33:rL33 P9Jr3J3 Li)


:i19J31
]t z
@9 i9 ** (|Jit+( |(| tit|*lz

VQ

0& -'

S& 8'

N 9 9N
@G B3

.J J
919JL1
( &(i *tzi
| 3. *p (&Ji(t  (i*
t  9 *t'i

LX%

Fig :

Fig :

.J 
LXR

!
]!  >   PL  3 N13:Pi:
J33|L9 z r3 +gP3 1)
0& -'

919JL3rJL *3v3 91%|3 gLLL|39J z L3|rL39rr333 P9JLlJ3 3)


VQ

N 9 9
@G Y3

0& -'

J. .
:i19J31
]t z
&JittwL 9( *
&Jit+t  t|l9l *
& 9( * 3 (

Fig :

XT

S& 8'

J . .

o L J: *L3L919J:w sN1 %L39
3 L 39J33u%3 J3|L 39J9
|9J33:{L1N13 | :g9r1 +P g.P.)

Fig :

XU

N 9 9N
@G B3

p3)+*w !|33 :13!*


+"|!!!
] I  9J3%Le 3L 39 3 PJ9 g:
N19J 3 J: 3 33 3 913 1* N1 L|
| J33:iL 331 9 3P3 iL
3 1P 3L3:i)
+"|!!!
] I
 1 1P3 3 J9 3
333 :13 !*3J33|L9 ' |L 3iL
3:w+% 3339Jrvr| 39+3)
`& -'

+"|!!!
] I  1 1PLs N19J 3 PJ9 L
333 :13 !*3J33|L9 +p |L3iL
3:w+% 3339Jrvr| 39+3)
`&

'

+"|!!!
] Io "19JL33 L3|L9|3 J9
{(%9J3 PJ933|L3 :13!*LL93 liL
3:19J9%3 L9L3|L9:3 39w +1|
'  +p J)
& -'

_& ,'

.J J
"%9L1
 9t * ti 9ti
J(+( &i (|9l *
J((w3 9t *

Fig :

N 9 9
@G Y3

LXT

J. 
"19J3LJ3 *Lv3 :1%|3 g3J3339J z J3L|r33:rL33 P9Jr3JL 3)
"19J3%l@3:% Pr9L *:'1)

Fig :

XR

VQ

_& -'

!
1  > 9 L |39J+1  *9'%P1L
9:J ::riL g3r3:3L3)

J.
1 1P3%P 1P33 *L*313r333 913!*r9g :9)

Fig :

XW

"|!!!
 >   L |3 3 N33:19J
9PL 1)T1 1P3rLPe%333LP 39 3 N
39g:{L9+{Lr391 1)
"19J31
&t l( *(zi
| 3J *p tJit+( ll (n*

"19J3LgN19@39+rP13r3 gLL9JL33)
N 9 9N
@G B3

.J
1 %L3rJ3 *3L13J33|L9 + J)

Fig :

LF

0& ,'

+"|!!!
] I   3 P %33 3 L
:J3| 33L 3 L3 (%3 P3) 39J3 9
9%9J9.LLL33 J3r33rP 3)

.J
"%9L3gN%939+rP1LriL g3r39J333)
"%9L3rJ3 *3L 9%1|3 g3lJL3|39J z 33|rL39rr333 P9rLlJ3 L)

Fig :

LF #

VQ

0& -'

+"|!!!
] I  >L P3l33J3 *L3l9PJ
3Lo9 9g9rLL 3L|39+1)

N 9 9
@G Y3

p3) z&w !|LL 91L z

J.
"19J3Lg3 PJ9 3 :1%|3 g3J3339J + J)

Fig :

F

VQ

_& ,'

J.
1 1P3%9g 9%31
]t
]t

"19J31
&Jit+t  t|l9l   l9tll9 
&JittwL 9( 

Fig :

F

S& E'
S& E'

N 9 9N
@G B3

.J
1|L N19J9w3 J9 L9J 33 J3TsJL3|39J + I9%|L 3J33|L9J +* 33
3L93)
919JL1L3|3:J + )
"%9L3rJ3 3 91%|3 {L33 P9rLlJ3 L)
919JL1
l( *
l(

Fig :

LFA

a& ,'bQ

c& ,'

_& ,'

VQ

S& @'
S& @'

+"|!!!
] I  >L J LL3eJL 3r9PJ
3Lo9 9g9rLL 3L|39+1)

.J
"%9L3L3 N3:gN19@39+g3r3|LL 9%3o3z1)

Fig :

LF!


i oL |3 3 N 3 39%9J:J3 %)
1 %LeJ3P 93 NN19JL P:
3)
N 9 9
@G Y3

"19J31
&t l( v :t & (&(l '
 'i

"|!!!
 >  33 P %33T 3 3LJ3 9PJ3 %
9J3 '%93 L9L 3: 3
 1P333:
3|LL 9%391*r z1)

'1)*w !|LL 91L!*

J.
1 1P3LriL g3r39J3L:gP3 L1L9J:3L3 L39g:{L P:g3lJ:9g}i*3)

Fig :

FX

!
1  >  !:3 3| 19J9%3 3L
9PL3 33gPLJ3%39J9TP13g3 3:1)
7

"19J31
&Jit+t l9i (
t(t * i **
(((Ji(i * 9i( l( *(z
! L 3gN1333:1% iL%)
 1L%r39P9rg3 J:{Lr3|LL 9%3!* |9J3%3%(%|L | 9g:% + {)
>93J3LgL P{:gN1|L339% +*3 J)
9J 3%r39P9g:{L1N13 | :1)
Z&

@'

S&

E'

)&

E'

d7

)e

V&

N 9 9N
@G B3

,'

Fig :

.J
LFF

+"|!!!
] I   P3 P33|L3 :13 !*e
39:J3(%|3L33L 939J*s*3 '||
3L9r3:J J3 L{L9g3rL91 *9z%)
9_ ;PKJ0:;(;PH94 59;189E9;IK94 5:? E9;1890]53KJE37 E837 ;K.E32 MN037 ;>2J5:;>K.09CN59;1;(E36 ? 5:;>S
YW P<&OO
aW,N&OO
cOIO
,f

W PcOIO

aW QPY&OO

cW <Pa&OO

W F Z OIO

aW aPF&OO

cW Z Q&OO

W YP<OIO

cW c,OO

N 9 9
@G Y3

'1) z&w !|LL 91L z

J.
1 1P3LriL g3r39J3L:gP3 L1L9J:3L3 L39g:{L P:g3lJ:9g}i*3)
F2

Fig :

!
1  >  !:3 3| 19J9%3 3L
9PL3 33gPLJ3%39J9TP13g3 3:1)
7

"19J31
&Jit+t l9i (
t(t * i **
(((Ji(i * 9i( l( v
! L 3gN1333:1% iL%)
 1L%r39P9rg3 J:{Lr3|LL 9%3 z |9J31L1N%|3 | 9g9r% + {3.)
>93J3LgL P{:gN1|L339% +*3 J)
9J 3%r39P9g:{L1N13 | :1)
Z&

@'

S&

E'

)&

E'

d7

)e

Q

V&

Fig :

"D

,'

J.

N 9 9N
@G B3

F

+ "|!!!
] I   P3 P33|L3 :13  z
f 39:J3(%|3L33L 939Jzz1 '||
3L9r3:J J3 L{L9g3rL91 vL)
9_ ;PKJ0:;(;PH94 59;189E9;IK94 5:? E9;1890]53KJE37 E837 ;K.E32 NM 037 ;>2J5:;>K.09CN59;1;(E36 ? 5:;>S
QOIO
Z OIO

Y&OIO

QW < Z OO

Z W < Z OO

YW < Z OIO

QW Z &OO

Z W Z &OO

QW a Z OO

Z W a Z OO

,f

"%9L1
(( p
9(l9 i9 ll ti zi
 t *

Fig :

.J J
LF

+"|!!!
] I !31LL9 9%19J9%3
9{(%9L91iN19J 1 L:N3J :13 9:in
*3:' $3+vr| Tz%3 &3vr||)
9g

N 9 9
@G Y3

hQ

0g

.
* J339gL19J91L9g9J39+1%9r3 g33 3PP9 w)+3p3pL !)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# F

_.



  PJ %33L: L3P9P J
39%9J91L : PLJ3 : (%9L % 9
3 %(g3 33L N1)

J.
:i19J3u9L9+1 *3l93 uL3 LP: :1l|3 uL3 3L3P9 33 u 9J3 %:uP3 Ll9
|3P3L %)

Fig :

N 9 tN
@G B;

2

iQ

.J
919JL1
l3 z
l3J  ]9((3 i(w9l(9lJl(
l3 J  lJl(&l(z&(9t|((9(w3(|(&ti (( 3(w3(| i

Fig :

L2 #

E7

.J
919JL3g3:1 g 9J39 pL19g3 P{LrN1|3L9 9%1|3 {L333LP91)

Fig :

L2

Q

"%9L1
( & t( p ( 9lJl( ti  9(  ( *tzl
l3 J  lJl(&l(z&(9t 3tw3(| i ((3(|tl & +t 3t

!9%9J33rL(+1%3L3P9%333rL9PrLrN1|3L91)
"%9L3g3 P z% 3L3 J31rp3+pr|)+3L )
_Q

E7

VQ

N 9 tN
@G Y;

J.
3 |L33gL3NL+g9g9J39+1 *L)
"19J3Lg9J39+1 *L 9LP1 :113 g3J3339J +* J)

Fig :

2

VQ

N 9 tN
@G B;

_& ,'

J .
+* L3|L9JLr39%9:13w19J9%33r91Pr9LJ3:33 P P 1 33 w)Lp9'3zg )

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# XT

J .
z L3|L9JLrP93P9gL:1Pr93J3:L3 P  1 33 w)+3p9'3zg!)

Fig :
& -'

1!

$# XU

N 9 N
@G Y

J. t
:J9L1r91P *3 91%|3 {L333LP91)
FG

Fig :

Fig :

VQ

J.
F[

"|!!!
 >  1 %P3{9 9%3L33r3
 1rLlJ3339J +* J)
,j

_& ,'

1 1P3%9g 9%31J33|L9 +* )


0& ,'

N 9 N
@G B

.J X
919JL1
lti9 *
l( *
(| 9 9  
|((9 z
 lt p

Fig :

LF\

S& @'

.J J
919JL3rJL '1)

Fig :

N 9 N
@G Y

LF?

J.
:i19J31
&( (w9Lt (| l v
& i l( &lti t 
Ji i]L: 
& ( 
&( (w9Lt (39 

Fig :

F

"|!!!
 >u %9 1 3  iL3 |L9J{9PJ39
39$3L:L9:L19J913)
"19J3LgN19@39+g39$3L::J333  P 1 L3 )
"|!!!
 >  "19JL L
913 3: 3%93P1)

1 L|39+

"19J31
 'i
& i l( p    (:3 Llt|t(9 zi
> 33 J33LL39J9P3 z1%lz1+r|)+3L )
"19J3L3J3:L3 P P % 3L :gP3J3%|LL3 1)
"|!!!
 >J 3%3|r9%Pr933)
7

"19J3%r91P *3)
1 1P3%9g 9%31J33|L9 +* )
!9w3L3JL1r9% *L1'1vr|)+3L )
:iL33 J3%:1P *3)
>33 J31r:1P *3%l'%r|)L3 )
0& ,'

N 9 N
@G B

.J 9
 919JL1L3|3:J +* )


]9L1r91P *3 91%|3 g3J3339J z J)


Fig :

LFM

_& ,'

VQ

_& -'

+"|!!!
] I  
 93L J33 3L 3 L33 +
3 9% *3$
3 J:91L N L(J 3
3L9Jg:19+3)

N 9 N
@G Y

.
* J333:r3r|L39J3LP9g9rL g3r39J3L wi)+3p9'Lz{1)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# !P

. J
z J333:r3rN13:Pi:g3r3:19J9%3w%9:13:J3 g}z1) w)+3p9'3z

Fig :
& -'

"!

$# !%

N 9 JN
@G BH

J
+p L3|L9JL3r3:w+133g3 J9g:J99g}i*3) w)+3p9'Lz!>)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# XW

J
' L3|L9JLlJLP:{:r3 g3r39J3L JLL|39Jr3L(gr33 3%33J P 3L)

Fig :
& -'

1!

$# F

N 9 .N
@G YH

.
v iL9%Jr|91L9 Ng3rN1|L33:1)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# F #

. J
(%|3L39% w)+3p3p3r~)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$##

N 9 JN
@G BH

z1)+*w
:i:{}i*

Fig :

.J
LFN

+ "|!!!
] I  I9:n3 19J31u3 P: *3
9 J:9 }i* 3: L 3:w +139 3
J33|L9 +p 33L9v| L9L)T9J3lL
L3 L 9 3 PJ9 N1 i:3 LL9: 3
N1 1P3I3J33|L9{L{39wP+1|{{%9J9w
33 L3|L939L 33:i1:9%3 L
J33|L9L)
k& ,'

.J J
"%9L3g3 P9 *L19gPLJ3%39J9 z1)

Fig :

N 9 .N
@G YH

LF

Fig :

J. t
F3

"|!!!
 >   L |3 3 N33:19J
9PL 1)1 %LIrJ3Pg ig:n3 NnN19Jr
P3 N p3)
"19J31
&9 J&l9l p
& lt t| LJ 'i
&t l( v

z1) z&w
]99g3rP 9J}z

J.
"19J3%r 9J L19rJ99g}z 39J3 L.LL3{ 39g9g3 J9gLr(%|3L91)

Fig :

N 9 JN
@G BH

F;

.J J
"%9L1
l]i 
 9t 
l   ll]+(] i :(L

Fig :

LF

.J
1|L 1J3|L:g3 PJ9g3rN133: L19rJ99g}z 91%|3 {LlJ3339J z )
"%9L3rJ3 *3L)
9N1|L | %r39%9J31J33|L9 z )

Fig :

LFH

Q

0& -'

0& -'

N 9 .N
@G YH

J.
>33 J33gL39J9P *3*L1r3+r|)L3 )
FP

Fig :

Fig :

J. .
F%

!
1  >  39J3 1L(J339JuJ:i:
}* : P3 J3 3P3L 1u9P N1 9
9PJ ::r3 g3r39JL3r9rJLoL3 P P % 33 )
1 1P3%rL r33 % 33L9PgP3 J31L9J:L3r33 P1)
"19J3LgN19@39+ *:z1 !* $ z $}i*3)
0J

N 9 JN
@G BH

9J

.J
1 %L19g 91L1LL|39J * |39JL39g9g|:JL|9rgN1:39+ *9z%)

Fig :

LX

0& ,'

.J J
"%9L1
 lt ( ( *p :((& (&(l3 l(
9 J *('
 9t * ]3(|ti 3(l( 
l]i *
l3t *v t9i

Fig :

N 9 .N
@G YH

LFT

J. .
"19J31
&(9i( *
|t(9 *   lpl) 

Fig :

FU

)Q

!
1  >  "19J3 P 3 L 3 9J9 N1
33P3LP9 L3: 3L J >L  9%|39+L
9gP39gLr3 |L9J3P9%)
:i19J3%lJ3339J * J)
0& ,'

"|!!!
 >  19J 1 3{  3LP9 9
3 g3r39J3L3)


  3J13LLP9 9J3NL33:3
L19J:139gPLJ3%9gN1:3 P1)

N 9 JN
@G BH

.J
"%9L1:J33|L9J9 ' +v  J)

Fig :

LFW

I& ]' l& ,'

0& ,'


i  % %Li$iL9% |:139J N +v P13
r3:1Jr3rP3 L3 % 33L9)
m& ,'

}i 3%lJLL|39J ' P13r3 gLL9JL3r9%1|3 g333L9:P1)


!J3 Lg(%|3L39% + P1LrPL33Pr9g3L9:P{LlJ LP9g3J3339J ' J)
3:39J3%333 1 P3|L9JriL g3r39J33r:1%|3 g3J3339J ' J)
>93JL3gP3 Pg9gN133L91)
0& -'

V& ,'

_& -'

_& -'

+"|!!!
] I

1 % L9 J3
N133L33 3 39J 3 z1 93 '1v P3 P9
N133L91)
+"|!!!
] I 1+1 %LeJ3L 13339+
3: :JN13NJ33L P :P913L w  L
9% 19J:13 L93LP93L9 3:J J3 
P3 N{Lr9 3L: *:'1)
9_ ;PKJ0:;(;PH94 59;189E9;1B(5L6 CNE9;1837 ;KJE32 M(0L7 ;I 03OsOOiiS
W < Z
,PW < Z

<W < Z

W Q Z

,PW Q Z

<W Q Z

W Y Z

,PW Y Z

<W Y Z

W c Z

,PW c Z

<W c Z

$f

<

N 9 .N
@G YH

.
* L91:L3r3:i19J91Lw%9:139gN1:3 P1 w)+3pLp3f1)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# #

.
z J333:r3r%9J91LoLl@39Jr39J L(+1%3JL9| P9g93L33 w)Lp9'3zg)

Fig :
& -'

"!

$# F

N 9 tN
@G BP

J
+p L|3:g3r1::139g9J39+%19gN%93 P% w)Lp3p3r}i)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$#

J.
' L|3:g3r|3L9J33P9g:g(%9L % w)+3p3pLr)

Fig :
& -'

1!

N 9 tN
@G YP

!N

.
v J339gL19J91L9g9J39+1%3lJ3:| P9g3 3 J w)+3pLp3*3)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# FA

.
%3 r3r%9:13:g9J3:%1LlJ3:i P9g3 3 J wi)+3p3pLz1)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# F!

N 9 tN
@G BP

J
+ L|3:g3r1::139g9J39+%13J39| P9g93L33 w)+Lp3p3r~*3)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# FX

J
+ 13 r3r19J9%39g9J39+1%3JL9| P9g93L33 w)Lp3p3r~z1)

Fig :
& ,'

1!

$# FF

N 9 tN
@G YP

.
J333:r3rN13:Pi:g3r3:19J9%3w%9:13:J3 g}ip3) w)+3p9'3zg)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# F2

z1)*w  J3L3P 3xr 333PL33L

J.
"19J31
&9 J *
]+(t J i zi ti l &]l( z

Fig :

2A

)Q

N 9 tN
@G BP

n& 8'

.J
"%9L3 3 J33L3|L9rr L33PL33L pL1g3 J33LP 3 '1)

Fig :

L2!

z1) z&w ! J3Lr333L33|L9+

.J
"%9L1
l tL9  Jl l ( ]L(ti | itl* '9i (
t v
l]i 

Fig :

L2X

@O

N 9 tN
@G YP

z1)pw
]99g3rP 9J}ip

J.
"19J3%r33 3r3J PP9 3LP13rr9% L13J 3P:{:J333 P P 1 33 )

Fig :

2F

J.
"19J31
( *
  9:t **

Fig :

N 9 tN
@G BP

22

.J
"%9L1rP : *9z%19rJ99g}ip3)

Fig :

L2

!
]!  > 9 9JL i ]39s 9:g3|J9P1:
}ipr}z1)

.J J
"%9L1
l]i *p
 9t *('i
l *v3 t  : * t3

Fig :

N 9 tN
@G YP

L2

J. .
13 | 133r9g3 J9gLr(%|3L9 *3vL19rJ:9g}ip 91%|3 gLLL|39J + )
"19J3LJ3 *L3)
:(%|3 1r3:19J3%lJLL|39J + J)

Fig :

2

_Q

0& ,'

_& ,'

J.
>33 J33gL39J9P *3L1r3+r|)L3 )
Fig :

N 9 tN
@G BP

2

.J
"%9L3g9J39+% *3L 9L%)

Fig :

L2

z1) '&w f 1|3r31 9

.J J
"%9L1
J(+( &(i]i ( zi : 9 zi*
|t(9|] 39(&(l t zi

"|9+1:g3r33L+g9L3L::P3
(w3  l vl)  il*l
  *ll)  i*l

"%9L1
t(9 zzi   l* z&l) 
 zip

Fig :

L2

)Q

_D

N 9 tN
@G YP

J.
"19J31
&9  Ji(3 9i  |*vl(t9|lpl) 
ntt i (9&(JitL 9i ti  &]( p
tt(3 ( z'i

Fig :

2

)Q

)Q

n& E'

J. t
"19J31
&9t( lt:3(&]i t zv  |((9| 39( l) 
&9t( 3 i9 l( zi  ((9&] 39(&l*l) 
&9t( 3 i9 3  z  &t(9& 39(&l*l) 

Fig :

2G

)Q

)Q

*D

N 9 tN
@G BP

)Q

.J
"%9L&3 L(J Li3 3 &3&3 3:1L 93L3 +e3L|9J39% z1L 33LJ3 L3L9J:P33 3P:e
*r|)+33 )
L2[

Fig :

Fig :

<Q

.J X
L2\

+"|!!!
] I  !P9P391 L P991 :
3 P3 i 3 3 % 33L9 3:J J3
3L|9J39%3J3| N1)
"%9L1
l3(i l9 ti zi
l3(i p (&JiJ 3]i 
 l] ( 9 p* 9(    t(9 39t l) 
ltti9l J p(zi  (+(t|(3(3  &t(9 L9(vl) 
JJ i   pp

}i 3LgN13L(+%11L3 L p3pL19rL39%J p33)


"%9L1
(( i (9]3 ](3 9Lt  (i  ((t v i
(( i (9]3 ](3 9LttL ( l &(lt( i
t  9lt3l]L   l(& 9 

_J

)Q

-Q

8D

nQ

8D

Z& E'

SQ

n& E'

Z& E'

n& E'

*D

N 9 tN
@G YP

J. .
"19J3Lg9N1L91%3r 3x31 : p9'%13L3 L39g3L9:9L9 33L L1rp3+p|)+L3 )

Fig :

2?

-D

IQ

J.
 1|3 3:$J3339J: +* !%9J3 N1:3 P1 p3vL|39J3L93wP : 3 9s3 3sL9JL3s
9L(JL33:g3|r 3J3P9%)

Fig :

N 9 tN
@G BP

2

o& ,'dQ

.J 9
>L J PL91$N1 %P3P9: :13:N1:3 P1 p3vL :1|3 3JLL|39J ' J33|L9J '
|9J:wPir:r1 +P g9gP39JL91%3r91 :g3+1)
Fig :

L2M

pQ

I& -'

I& -'

.J
"%9L3gN%9L(+%1|3 J 3LN1: p3LP333LJL3L3L9J:P3LlJ LP91)
 Li  13L1r3 93LPLiL 3PP: p3L13:3 P9gL39J3)
"|L3 %:i J3LP r9L9%39$9gN19JL(+1%|3 J3L(%9 pL3)
13LN%9J3N%|3 J J3LN1: p333339J :1$9$19J 19JT19J33:i JL3P $
9%39$9gN19JL(+1)
>3LJL33$339J:L:gN19J3N+113 J J3LN1: p3L1r*r|)+3L )
Fig :

L2N

^q

+"|!!!
] I
:Pi:13L w 
|3 J J3LN19

N 9 tN
@G YP

:3

 >:3 3 3L+ 9L L 39J9PLi


3 91 9 33P: 9 N 19J3N+1
p33)

J. .
*L1L39J9Pg3lJ iLP9g9g3 1Ng3:i 3)
z%13 3Pr3J3P9g3 LP 3L )
pL13 3Pr3J3P9g3: L)

Fig :

N N
@\ BX

2

'1%3 LPLr3 PJ 33 :1)


v3L39J:3r3L:gP3 J313P33 1)
3%339J:gN1 3 3LP 3)
3% 3| 3r3JL3P9%3|)
3%93L33 1)
3%3|3x3 3NJ N1)
*3L13L9:P3LlJ LP91)
4

Fig :

.J t

N
@\ YX

L23

*L*3%3 %(g3 333 Ng3 L 33 )


*:z1%3 L(J 33 3 r3L33L3P r *  >1*3)
*Lp3%3 L(J 33 3 r3L33L3P r z  >3z1)
*:'1%3 L(J 33 3 r3L33L3P r p  >1p3)
*Lv3%3 L(J 33 3 r3L33L3P r '  >3'1)
*L3%3 L(J 33 3 r3L33L3P r v  >1v3)
*L3%3 L(J 33 3 r3L33L3P r  >13)
*L3%3 L(J 33 3 r3r1L3 LP9g3rL:P9g3 L 33  >"|)
*L3%3 L(J 33 3 r3r1L3 LP9g3rL:P9g9gN1:3 P1  >3)
z%33@39J9+1 :  >1)
z%*33@39J9+1 :  >"r >L)
zLz1%3 LrLlJ L:g39 I{ zg3)
z%p3L3 3 r|33L3 I"|)
zL'1L3 3 r333L3L r @z > w!*3)
z%v3L3 3 r333L3L r Np > w z1)
z%3L3 3 r333L3L r N* > w}i*3)
z%3L3 3 r333L3L r @' > w}ip3)
z%3L3 3 r3r3 3%9P  L33r N* > w!)
z%3L3 3 r3r3 3%9P  L33r @z > w )
pL3L3 3 r3r913 3P:{Lr39P: I!)
pL*31 |33 91%33 iL r3r9%3 LP9g3r3:P91)
p:z1%1 r33 3 r3r9%3 LP9g3rL:P91)
pLp3%39:g3r9J 3LP9g33 iL r3r9%3 L:g3r3:Pi:1)
p:'1L3 3 r3r | J3P:g3r39P: >3*3)
pLv3%1 r33 3 r3r | LP9g3r3:P9r>3* *L)
pL3L3 3 r3r | J3P:g3r39P: >9z1)
pL3%1 r33 3 r3r | LP9g3r3:P9r>9z z%)
pL3%39:g3r9J 3LP9g33 iL lI3* +>9z1)
pL3L3 3 r3r | J3P:g3r39P: >3p3)
'%3%1 r33 3 r3r | LP9g3r3:P9r>3p pL)
'%*3%39:g3r9J 3LP9g33 iL lI3p3)
'Lz1%9PLr33 3 r39%33LL)
'%p3%1 r33 3 r39%33LP3)
'L'1%3 PJ9g33 iL r39%33LP3)
'%v3%919+g33 3 r39%33LL)
sr
sr
sr
sr
sr
sr

t

sr
sr
sr
sr

r

r

,O

N N
@\ BX

.J
'1L13 1Ng3 3L3 Ng3: L)
'1L33 3 r3rN133:g3r 1LP9g9gN%93 P% >1)
'1L3J3|33r9 3L:g33 3 r3rN1|L39g3r 13P:{:g(%93 P%)
'1L11 r33 3 LrN1|3L9g3r %3P9g9gN1:3 P1)
v3L319JLL91%33 iL r3rN1339gL 1L:{:gN19L P1)
v3*L19%9g3J 3P:{:%9J339%)
v9z%33 3 r3r9%3 LP9g3r %3P9g9gN%93 P1 >1)
v3pL11 r33 3 Lr913 3P9gLr 1LP9g9gN1:3 P1)
v9'%13:9gL9J L3P9gLiL 3 rLr:13 3P9gL 1L:g9gN19L %)
v3vL33 3 r3r9%3 LP9g3r3:3|33 91L333L9g3LL9 >> 39g3 i:1 3xL(J33 |39JL)
v3L13:9gL9J L3P9gLiL 3 rLr:13 3P9gLL9333 913L33L9g3LL91)
v3L11 r33 3 Lr913 3P9gLr39333 91LoL33L9g3L391)
v3L3 Jg9gP P3 +g3rN133:1)
v3L33 3 r39J wi:P  L|39+g9gN1:iL P1)
!L: L39J P:
3 3 ( z' zv z
3 3 ( zi3 zi
3 3 ( p3 p
t ( v('i v

Fig :

L2;

-D

,7


iu% 19J33: vL3$:3 iL :s3 z3'%
z1L&u3 p3L& p3L&3: J3 39J :3
%9:13|)
!L:3 JL39J9
 t ' 'p
3 3 ( v(z3 vv

!
]!  >   L9: '%*3 3 J339J :3
3: 1: v9'%1 3v L)

N
@\ YX

z1)*w f! %(g3 33L N{L 3P 3L

J. .
z%p3L3 3 r|33L3 I"|)
zL'1L3 3 r333L3L r @z > w!*3)
z%v3L3 3 r333L3L r Np > w z1)
z%3L3 3 r333L3L r N* > w}i*3)
z%3L3 3 r333L3L r @' > w}ip3)
z%3L3 3 r3r3 3%9P  L33r N* > w!)
z%3L3 3 r3r3 3%9P  L33r @z > w )
pL3L3 3 r3r913 3P:{Lr39P: I!)
p:'1L3 3 r3r | J3P:g3r39P: >3*3)
pL3L3 3 r3r | J3P:g3r39P: >9z1)
pL3L3 3 r3r | J3P:g3r39P: >3p3)

Fig :

2

sr
sr
sr
sr

r
r

N N
@\ BX

z1) z&w f! 1Ng3 3L3 Ng3:i 3

.J
'1L33 3 r3rN133:g3r 1LP9g9gN%93 P% >1)
v9z%33 3 r3r9%3 LP9g3r %3P9g9gN%93 P1 >1)
v3vL33 3 r3r9%3 LP9g3r3:3|33 91L333L9g3LL9 >> 39g3 i:1 3xL(J33 |39JL)
L2H

Fig :

-D

L0PAX04 2NBL7 5 biA0PB:?5PC:DPE

%EOIKP4@7 O102?XEO1E6 5
6 7 ML4 0P

[%7 O10P?.4 El0Pk:?047 E4

FP<P

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P04 0PUHP6 5PCDPE8P0KP4 0;:;:DPE

<PcW,OO

,NFW &OO

F Z

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P06 7 OI7 ?5PC:DPEl8P0&KP4 0P;:;:DPEl P,1,N

FPFW a&OO

YW,lOIO

FPaP

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P06 7 OI7 ?5PC:DPEl8P0&KP4 0P;:;:DPEl N<&3<P

FPYW c&OO

,P,PW 5lYW,lOIO
B 2P7 B:5P

QPP

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P06 7 OI7 ?5PC:DPEl8P0&KP4 0P;:;:DPEl NF&3FP

<PFW Y&OO

cW Z OIO

QPFP

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P0l;:0PUHP4 52NC:5

<PcW a&OO

aW aOIO

QPP

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P06 7 UP5PC:DPEl8PElB:E2NM:04 ;:E4

,NcW F&OO

Z W Z OIO

Z FP

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P04 0PUHP6 5PCDPE8P06 7 UP5PC:DPEl8PE


B:E2NM:04 ;:E4

<PYW c&OO

YW <OIO

Z aP

q1E6 58P5lM:6 MLH6 58P04 0PUHP6 5PCDPE8P0l8P0P;:0OI^P4 57 5PUP0O


HN52N8PE&KN54 5P8PE

, Z W,OO

YOIO

N
@\ YX

+v

+v

+v

$w

"|!!!
 >  %93 J3 %91L39+1
39 L91 L9 9%3 9J: 39J9 3 333 33L
39%9J91L|)
'1)*w }i33|L9r3L(%3 3L
7

.
* J333:r3r9J 3LP9g3r 3| 3r3J33P9%3 w)+3p:'3zg)

Fig :
& ,'

"!

$# F

'1) z&w :19J9%3

J.
:i19J3L3'gL39J9PL3 3P:{:gP3 L1:{L 1Ng3 333 N1)

Fig :

N N
@\ BX

2P

.J J
919JL1
t(9 
t3 
l  l:ti 
|t(9|] 39(&(& iJ  .&(&:  (&l9 3

L2%

Fig :

.J 
f!:L 3Lg3 %N{L 33L N1)
919JL13 iL r|33L3 z1p3)
9N1L3NL1:r3 L(J L3 3 9)

Fig :

L2R

!
]!  >  9J33L 33 N 13L(+1: L9
3 3N L3 3 9Lr13L L: L* 3% *L3)
919JL3g3 %Ng3 33L N1)

N
@\ YX

J. .
:i19J31
]3 3 ]9( 9 
t+((  9( *

2T

Fig :


  ! 9J33L 99 9 9 L39 9
P3 J3 g3r33:iL9J3P9g9g3 1Ng3 LL3 (1)
7

-D

:i19J3L3rL39J9PL *3L)
:i19J3%L 3Pr3J3P9g3 LP 33 z1%9g3 %N{L 33L N%)

J. .
:i19J3L{L39J9P *3)
!33L33g3 J 3L 9%13:i 3 '13%9g3 J 3L 9%13 LP 33 *L*3)
:i19J31
 J 3 L  9(lt:3t 9  *
 J 3 L  9(lt:3t(&Ji(3 9i *

Fig :

N N
@\ BX

2U

(| J 3 L t|39 *tzi *


(3 L (|  9(|l i(93 3  zi zi
(3 L (|]39 z' zi

.J
9L33P L1r9Li P9g9L39 1:
(J ll99i]Jtt iJ&  Jg9lll9(3 9t9&((
l 3 9 ]i&:tl9lt+t ti  &l]:  
tL ( i(|Jittl&l 9 (|tJ(

9 3 1r:3 P:{:3$3 L|39+3T9%3 9J9


(( pp
(( p
(( '*

919JL1
l]i p(z
3 3 p
l ti p*
l]i p
3 3 p
3 3 p('i
l]i pv
l]i 'i
3 3 p
tit 'iv
 9t ''i
l]i 'ip
lt9 'z

Fig :

L2W

_Q

N
@\ YX

J.
:i19J31
 9l9t p
]3 3 ( w3(9L 3 t v
 v
&(( v*
itti v
]3 3 '
 'i

Fig :

@7

!
1  > 9gL91:L3g39: '13)
9J 3 1r9L P9g9L3 3|L9LTi:13 9:
&t+t v('i
&t+t v

:i19J31
 vp
]3 3 vtzi
 v
]3 3 vv

J.
N N
Fig :

@\ BX

+"|!!!
] I  3LP 9J 3 19@3N+3
|9J3 N3 L3 :J3 3| 3 3 393)
f!9J3n %3 339J 9 (%9 9 3 PJ 33 :1
P1LL 39%Jr3|L33 3)
7

+"|!!!
 I  3 33I N19@39+39 L3P9
9J iL39rg3 %39+g33N1L 3:1)
7

+"|!!!
] I   1L3P3 33:33|L9 :
3LP9$N13%N1|L 91)
+"|!!!
] I  >L J L33nP3L{3 3 g
3: 1Pr iL|39Jr9r3r3 L3|L9+1)
+"|!!!
] I !3:J J3 % J3|9J P |39J3
3: 1: p3pL pL3 '1*L v9'1% v33)

io!Ls9L33P L:e1 :e3:1 L w 
9L33L 3& L39J P3P9L9 1 9 P3 L
p3)
-D

!
]!  > 1 3 3 9 z%p3 pL3 p:'1 '13
v9z%I vLv31J3 L39J 9nLg19J9%3 3
L J3 X J 3 N1 L 3L
319J91L|)
-D

!
]!  > ! 3 iL : v9z% v3vLni:
L39J P9$3:{: 9JL iL L13r319J9%3|)
+"|!!!
] I  ! 33$3 L9 %9 p3p3 p3L
'1*L v:'1 v33 :33 J3L9 : |L:
9J3NJ33L9$33L33:{Lr39%9J91L|)

i !N3: |L3 L9 L9{93 339+3
3 9 33P:1s3 : L3| J3 P%|3: L
N1 1P3r3 Li L9%9Li P9 PLP3
3P1 JsLs3L9:P1!39PP3s*|)!
3 33L|39+ 3: |L: 9P:133:1
319J91L93$39 19)
"%9L1
3 3 lt w3(93 3 l( v
l v (9i

E7

N
@\ YX

>|33 J 3L 9%]L 3P L3 *3*L(%3 3PL3 PJ 33 P9 '%]T3 P 3L 9%]L9 3 '13 91


|3 g9gL39J9P *3 3 g33LJL)
"19J3193 3NJL3 3 9 *331 *3L!N%@39J9 z1*L!:39) 9{L3LJ33L 3L9J9P3l1 L9L33
N13L(+1:3Llg:JL 1)
+Q

J.
" 19J3%r3 LPLlJL: z%)

>33 J31
|t(9 *  vll)  (3    9
|t(9 *  vl) 
|t(9|t| J L 3 ( * *  l) 

"19J3%9$3 L(J 33 3 : *9z%1 *3L1N1 L9J9 z%3%93:i)


 L9J33LN1L3N+19$33rr3 LPr3lJLP9 z1%L33 J3L3$339J9PLr3+r|)+33 )
Fig :

J. .
"19J31
]3 3 ]9( 9 
t+(( * t93

Fig :

N N
@\ BX

2T

3 13P3 L 9JL iLJL3$(%3L(+1:3:3 3NJL3 3 9 *33% *L3)


"%9L3g3 1Ng3 L33 N1)
!
]!  >  1 %L3 3 g|L333 z1p3:
3 P{:r3N+11LL9J3 L9)
!
]!  >  9 39J3 3 3|L L9
3 3N L3 3 9T%{L 1Ng3 L33 N1)

.J
39J33g3 1Ng3 LL3 N{:113 g:3L39J9PL '1% v3)
"%9L3LL39J9P3$3J 3P9g:{L %(g3 333 N1)
"|9+1:g3r33L+g9L3L::P3 :33 J3%l%3Lo L3 PL33%
(w3  l l) 
tL ((9
   vl) 

Fig :

N
@\ YX

J.
"|39J3%r3 :33Pr33 3PP9 9z%1Lo:3 P9rz%)

Fig :

A

J.
:i19J3L{L39J9Pg3.3.)
"19J3! 3| L&LJL3P9%3 L!3&:3L33 L!N1 %L39 1 93J3LP913o91N{9
3N%13L9J39 N%:913L39Jrr93 P:z%)
Fig :

!

N N
@\ BX

.J
 1 %L19g 91L1LL|39J * r33LJ9w r9Jr9gN19JL(+gN1 g3 %N{L 33L N%)
>3LJL3g3L::P L1r3+r|)+33 )
919JL1L3|3:J +* )
"%9L3g3L::P{Lo3.)P>L3 L1r3+3vr|)+3L )
Fig :

X

0& ,'

_& ,'


i!P9%33 w eL3$N13L9 9J3:
33 3PP9rJ33P %33 % 13)
" %9L3gPL L19g3 %Ng3 3L3 NgL33 L39gL3|L9r:33)

>3LJL33T'g339J9PLr3+r|)+33 )

N
@\ YX

N N
@\ BX

Conjunto da embreagem E1 (marchas r e 1)

1.

Eixo de entrada e carcaa E 1

2.

Anel de vedao-alimentao do conversor

3.

Conjunto pisto E1

4.

Conjunto de molas de retorno

5.

Conjunto pisto de reforo E1

6.

Discos revestidos

7.

Discos metlicos

8.

Placa de reao

9.

Anel de yedao

10. Anel de vedao


11. Anel de vedao
12. Anel trava

113

Conjunto da embreagem E2 (2, 3 e 4 marchas)

1.

Cilindro da embreagem E2

2.

Anel trava

3.

Pisto E2

4.

Conjunto das molas de retorno

5.

Pisto E2 de reforo

6.

Anel trava

7.

Discos metlicos

8.

Discos revestidos

9.

Placa de reao

10. Anel trava


11. Rolamento de apoio
12. Cilindro da embreagem C4

114

Conjunto do freio F1 (4 marcha)

115

1.

Pisto do freio F1

2.

Rolamento de apoio

3.

Pista do rolamento de apoio

4.

Cilindro do freio F1

5.

Placa de presso F1 - molas de retorno

6.

Discos revestidos

7.

Disco metlico

8.

Placa de apoio

9.

.Placa de reao

Conjunto do freio F2 (marcha r)

1.

Cinta do freio F2

2.

Parafuso de ancoragem da cinta

3.

Anel trava

4.

Anel trava

5.

Tampa do pisto do freio F2

6.

Anel de vedao

7.

Placa de apoio do pisto

8.

Pisto do freio F2

9.

Mola de retorno

10. Mola de retorno


11. Arruela de apoio
12. Pino de acionamento da cinta

116

Conjunto planetrio de entrada

1.

Rolamento de apoio

11. Calo do rolamento da engrenagem intermediria

2.

Tambor do freio B2

12. Rolamento do conjunto de engrenagem

3.

Rolamento de apoio

4.

Engrenagem solar de entrada

13. Conjunto de engrenagem intermediria

5.

Conjunto planetrio de entrada/anelar de reao

14. Parafuso de fixao do flange

6.

Engrenagem anelar de entrada

7.

Anel trava

8.

Flange

9.

Porca de fixao do flange

intermediria

10. Trava da porca

117

Conjunto do freio F3 (1 e 2 marchas)

1.

Tambor do freio F3

11. Mola de retorno

2.

Cinta do freio F3

12. Arruela de apoio

3.

Parafuso de ancoragem da cinta

13. Pino de acionamento do pisto

4.

Anel de vedao

14. Anel trava

5.

Anel trava

15. Arruela de apoio

6.

Tampa do pisto do freio F3

7.

Anel de vedao

8.

Placa de apoio do pisto

9.

Pisto do freio F3

10. Mola de retorno

118

Tabela de Aplicao dos Componentes