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PRODUCTION RATES - ENGLISH

Estimated Production Rate Per Day Activity Unit Low Average High Notes for Mean Production Rates

MOBILIZATION Projects less than $1 million Major bridge project Paving only project Grading only project Grading and paving project Grading, paving and bridge project SURVEY AND STAKING Stake centerline Slope stake Grade stake, subgrade Grade stake, aggregates EROSION CONTROL Silt fence Matting CLEARING & GRUBBING Projects with a lot of large trees, rugged terrain, or heavy brush Projects with fewer large trees, flatter terrain, or less heavy brush EARTHWORK Topsoil stripping and stockpiling Subexcavation (no shoring or dewatering needed) 1' to 5' deep 5' to 10' deep Roadway Excavation Projects with less than 50,000 CY of earthwork or haul distance of 5 miles or more Projects with more than 50,000 CY of earthwork Rock excavated by ripping Rock excavated by blasting Structure Excavation Embankment

Day Day Day Day Day Day LF LF LF LF LF SY AC AC CY

14 2 4 7 12 1,800 400 500 1,000 200 600 0.3 1 300

3 26 3 11 11 17 3,100 2,000 1,700 2,800 1,000 1,800 1.3 3 700

28 5 20 15 22 5,000 3,300 Use upper rates for flat and non-vegetated terrain. 3,000 Use lower rates for stiff/rocky soils, steep terrain. 3,800 1,700 Use lower rates for excessive boulders and heavy trees, steep terrain. 2,800 Use lower rates for isolated small areas, oddly shaped, etc. 2.7 6 1,200 Use lower rates for excessive boulders and steep terrain, or smaller projects. Use 14 days when cofferdam required, minimum. 500 1,000 Rates from RS Means. 2,500 Notes 4, 5, and 6. 4,500 Notes 4, 5, and 6. 1,100 Use lower rates for harder, yet rippable, rock. 2,800 Use lower rates for difficult access to cuts. 150 3,000 Notes 4, 5, and 6.

CY CY

125 225

325 600

CY CY CY CY CY CY

400 1,200 300 500 45 250

1,600 2,800 750 1,500 80 1,097

Estimated Production Rate Per Day Activity Unit Low REMOVALS PCC pavement Asphalt pavement Concrete curb & gutter Sidewalk Guardrail Pipe <36" diameter Pipe >36" diameter Pavement Cutting (AC) Pavement Cutting (PCC) Structures, minor Structures, major DRAINAGE Box culvert, Cast-in-place Box culvert, Precast Inlets and manholes, new or adjust Pipe culvert, 24" and smaller Pipe culvert, 30" to 42" Pipe culvert, 48" and larger Riprap, aprons Riprap lined ditches Underdrain Wingwall/Headwall SUBGRADE AND BASE Subgrade stabilization lime cement asphalt Recycling, Cold In Place Asphalt Pavement Milling Pulverizing Aggregate Base Aggregate Shoulder Cement Treated Base PAVING Hot asphalt concrete pavement Asphalt surface treatment (fog seal) Prime coat Tack coat Paved Ditch Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Chip Seal (Add 1 Day to Broom) Approach roads, minor HACP Average High Notes for Mean Production Rates

SY SY LF SY LF LF LF LF LF DAY DAY LF LF EA LF LF LF CY LF LF SF SY SY SY SY SY SY TONS CY SY TONS SY SY SY TONS SY SY SY TONS

500 1,000 300 300 425 120 95 125 125 5 1 2 15 1 40 30 20 20 100 200 14 900 900 900 2,000 8,000 500 200 1,940 550 8,500 3,900 8,500 250 460 30 2,000 80

1,000 2,000 800 700 970 250 150 400 500 10 3 10 70 2 100 75 55 40 200 800 35 4,000 4,000 3,000 12,000 3,000 10,000 900 350 4,050 900 20,000 10,000 20,000 500 2,500 310 7,500 250

2,500 3,500 1,900 1,100 1,560 360 270 850 900 20 5 16 140 3 200 100 100 60 300 1700 90

As depth increases, reduce rates. As depth increases, reduce rates.

As depth increases, reduce rates. As depth increases, reduce rates.

Add 19 days for forming, casting, curing, stripping, backfilling. As Total in a Line increases, increase production. Pre cast, use higher rate. Use lower rates for sliver fills, deep fills, rocky soil, smaller projects. Assume 1 installation per day per crew. Use lower rates for sliver fills, deep fills, rocky soil, smaller projects. Assume 1 installation per day per crew Use lower rates for sliver fills, deep fills, rocky soil, smaller projects. Assume 1 installation per day per crew Use lower rates for rocky soil, steep sliver fills, smaller projects. Use lower rates for rocky soil, steep sliver fills, smaller projects. Use lower rates for rocky soil, smaller projects. As Wall Area increases, increase production rates. Add 7 days for cure and backfill.

6,000 As Work Area Quantity increases, increase production rate. 5,000 Limited data available Limited data available 6,500 12,000 3" depth, reduce rates by 40% if >3" 1,800 500 5,920 As Work Area Quantity increases, increase production rate. Allow for sequencing of one lane at a time and curing. 1,700 Notes 4, 5, and 6. Reduce rates by 15% for surface course. 40,000 15,000 28,000 750 5,000 Slip forming, as Work Length Area increases, increase production rates. 580 Conventional forming, sharp curves and angles decrease production. 10,500 350

Estimated Production Rate Per Day Activity Unit Low CURBS, GUTTERS, AND SIDEWALK Curb & Gutter, Concrete Curb, Concrete Curb, Bituminous Curb, Stone Sidewalks, Concrete GUARDRAIL AND GUARDWALL w-beam or box beam guardrail timber guardrail cable guardrail Stone Masonry Guardwall BRIDGES AND STRUCTURES Cofferdams Columns/bents/caps Deck Preparation Drilled Shafts Membrane Waterproofing Piles, Driving Concrete Piles, Driving Steel Piles, Driving Timber Prestressed girders Reinforcement (Substructure) Reinforcement (Superstructure) Sidewalks and parapets Structural Concrete Structural steel beams Structure Steel, Erecting Wall, MSE Wall, MSE with copings Wall, MSE, footings/leveling pads Wall, MSE, block Wall, concrete. Form liner and stone masonry facing included. Wall, gabion Wingwalls and retaining walls SIGNING AND STRIPING Pavement Marking, Paint Pavement Marking, Thermoplastic Pavement Marking, Symbol Delineators Signs REVEGETATION Mulching, Hydraulic Method Seeding, Hydraulic Method Topsoil, placing conserved Average High Notes for Mean Production Rates

LF LF LF LF SF LF LF LF LF SY CY SF LF SF LF LF LF EA Lbs Lbs DAYS CY EA Lbs SF LF LF SF SF SF SF LF LF EA EA EA AC AC CY

160 160 650 50 750 250

480 480 1,200 350 1,500 750 600 800 50 200 7 765 112 495 250 350 300 6 4,000 4,400 5/span 110 6 25,000 455 285 178 750 20

900 Reduce rates by 50% for hand placed, by 80% for hand placed radii. 900 Reduce rates by 50% for hand placed, by 80% for hand placed radii. 1,850 Limited data available 2,500 1,100 Use lower rates for stiff/rocky soils. Limited data available Limited data available Limited data available 300 10 1,325 Curved deck=lower production rate. Add 14 days for curing for all rates. 280 Cluster area: 70 to 280 LF/Day. Location: 100 to 135 (ample space) LF/Day. Note 1 Limited data available 500 Allow time for relaxation/testing/redriving. 500 Allow time for relaxation/testing/redriving. 450 Allow time for relaxation/testing/redriving. Use lower rate for poor access, longer/taller beams. Allow min. 10 days for fabrication. 12 5,000 5,800 Typical = 3 days/span 200 12

100 4 300 10 100 200 150 2 3,000 3,000 20 3 225 150 68 500

Limited data available 1,160 As Size of Wall increases, increase production rate. 355 As Length of Coping increases, increase production rate. 300 1,300 Reduce rates by 5% for smaller block. Limited data available 1,300 Limited data available 200 55,000 10,000 50 100 Use lower rates for stiff/rocky soil. Use lower rates for stiff/rocky soil. 30 11 11 1,200 Includes shaping/compacting.

40 100 20,000 3,100 20 35 10 2.5 2.5 200

150 37,000 5,600 35 50 20 8 8 800

Estimated Production Rate Per Day Activity Unit Low MISCELLANEOUS Concrete barrier, pre-cast Curb ramp, concrete Ditch checks Final clean up Finishing, aggregate base Finishing, subgrade Gabions Geotextiles, stabilization Geotextiles, underdrain Rock sockets Sheet piling Temp bridge Temp detours Average High Notes for Mean Production Rates

LF SY EA STA STA STA CY SY SY LF SF DAY DAY

300 12 4 10 3 1 20 250 100 15 250 18 3

650 22 15 30 6 4 45 500 140 22 500 14 5

1,200 30 25 50 10 8 80 1,000 350 40 750 Halve the rates if removal is required. Includes erecting and dismantling 10 Use lower rates for simpler detours, minor earthwork and surfacing. 7

Studies find significant correlation between production rates and the following influences: Activity: Influence: Bridge deck Curved or staight Drilled Shafts Total length in cluster, Location of Operation. Note 1 below Excavation Work Area Quantity Embankment Work Area Quantity, Work Zone Congestion Lime Treated Subgrade Work Area Quantity, Length of Work Area Flexible Base Work Area Quantity, Length of Work Area Cement Treated Base Work Area Quantity, Length of Work Area Hot Mix Pavement Work Area Quantity, Course Type (Bottom or Final Mat) Conc Pavement-Slip Form Work Area Quantity, Length of Work Area Conc Pavement-Conventional Forming Work Area Quantity, Configuration (Curves, angles) MSE Walls Size of wall (If a wall has different components, see above rates) Pre Cast Box Culvert Length, Soil Type, Clay Content of Soil Cast in place Box Culvert Length RCP Length, Orientation to Road Inlets and Manholes Quantity in a line, CIP vs Pre Cast Wingwall/Headwall Wall Surface Area No difference was found between cased and uncased shafts. Clusters = areas where Note 1 shafts can be installed rather continuously. Location is within "20 feet of an operating road", or "ample space". Note 2 Exercise caution when using maximum rates. Avg rates are for the 50th %ile.

Note 3

When MSE walls require copings or footings/leveling pads, these components should be accounted for seperately relative to estimating time.

Estimated Production Rate Per Day Activity Unit Low Note 4 Average High Notes for Mean Production Rates

Studies show a yearly increase in production rates for the following: Earthwork, 1.5% Bituminous Paving, 1% Aggregate Base, 1.8% The designer may want to use TxDOT HYPRIS for the following items: Earthwork Aggregate base Lime treated subgrade Cement treated base Concrete pavement Hot mix pavement Prestressed piling Drilled shafts Concrete structures Concrete bridge decks MSE walls Precast beams Concrete curb and gutter The program contains formulas and plots that allow for significant factors that affect production rates. These factors, such as Work Area Quantity, can be known prior to award. Instructions are a separate document within the HYPRIS folder. Base Rate Adjustment Factors Factors Adjustment for Noted Conditions Location Rural = 1.0 Small City = 0.85 Big city = .75 Traffic conditions Light = 1.0 Moderate = .88 High = .70 Complexity Low = 1.0 Medium = .85 High = .70 Soil conditions Good = 1.0 Fair = .85 Poor = .65 Quantity of work Large = 1.0 Medium = .88 Small = .75 DO NOT USE MORE THAN 2 FACTORS FOR AN ITEM OF WORK
Example Production Rate Calculation for Roadway Excavation: Conditions: Rock Excavation around moderate traffic. Calculation: 2000 C.Y. x .65 x .88 = 1144 C.Y. per day Example Production Rate Calculation for Roadway Excavation: Conditions: Poor soil, small cuts Calculation: 2000 C.Y. x .65 x .75 = 975 C.Y. per day

Note 5

Note 6

Complexity is technical difficulty or unusual project conditions

Last Updated July 14, 2009