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MODUL PROGRAM PENINGKATAN 2K PMR BAHASA INGGERIS 2006

SEKTOR PENGURUSAN AKADEMIK JABATAN PELAJARAN SABAH

CONTENT

Set 1 Writing An Article Set 2 Notes Expansion Set 3- Describing A Process Set 4 Writing A Dialogue Set 5 Writing A Report Set 6- Writing A Formal Letter Set 7- Writing An Informal Letter Set 8- Writing A Speech

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 WRITING AN ARTICLE Learning Outcome(s) : 2.3 (viii) Expanding notes and outlines Aim(s): Students are able to: 1.Write an article on making choices between big or small family.(High Achievers) 2. Write and article on making choices between big or small family using notes given.(Average and Low Achievers) Theme : People Teaching Points: Tips on writing an article Introducing vocabulary sibling, playmates, family affair, sharing, lonely, attention, Proverb - blood is thicker than water. Activities: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Students brainstorm on the comparison of a big and a small family. Introduce the vocabulary to the students. Give explanation on simple sentences and complex sentences. Give tips on how to write an article. Distribute Practice Worksheet completing a mind map. - filling in the table with the words given 6. Distribute Practice Worksheet simple sentence (V) - complex sentence (HA) 7. Distribute task sheet.(Appendix 1) Appendix 1 : Task Appendix 2 : Teachers Notes Appendix 3 : Practice Worksheet 1(Average and Low Achievers) Practice Worksheet 2(High Achievers) Appendix 4 : Practice Worksheet 3(Low and Average Achievers) Practice Worksheet 4(High Achievers) Appendix 5 : Answer Key

Appendices :

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 1 TASK Study the pictures below and answer the question that follows.

Big Family More siblings, playmates Have to share room , things Less attention from parents

Small Family Lonely, no playmates No need to share room , things More attention from parents

The pictures above show a big family and small family. Which do you prefer: to be in a big family or a small family? Write out an article to support your choice. In your article, explain the reasons for your preference. When writing out your article : Use all the notes given for the choice made. Elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting. Make sure it is not less than 120 words.

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES 1.Before students start writing teacher explains about simple and complex sentences. What is a simple sentence? A simple sentence consists of one idea and has only one verb. e.g : That is a cat. This is my house. What is a complex sentence? A complex sentence has more than one idea and one verb. e.g : Laila, (who is from Johor), is a beautiful girl. The book (that you asked for) is a gift from my wife. Teacher gives two graded practice worksheets (Appendix 3 and 4) 2. Teacher get students to complete a graded mind map (Appendix 6 and 7) in preparation of writing an article. 3. Teacher explains the following tips on how to write an article to the students. Introduction : Definition of topic and present your opinion. Body : Paragraph 1 first argument to support view Paragraph 2 second reason to support view use words like moreover besides and furthermore Paragraph 3 third reason to support view elaborate Conclusion : Restatement of view. Teacher must introduce the vocabulary to the students. E.g : siblings , playmates , lonely , attention , sharing 4. Students attempt to complete the task in the given stimulus (Appendix)

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET Put these words and phrases in the right order to make simple sentences. 1. the fish / the cat / ate _______________________________________________________ 2. everyone / hard / worked _______________________________________________________ 3. caught / the police / the thief _______________________________________________________ 4. the problems / nobody / solved _______________________________________________________ 5. a new handbag / Mariam / bought / last week _______________________________________________________ 6. ice cream / love / children _______________________________________________________ 7. the party / all of them / yesterday / enjoyed _______________________________________________________ 8. Richard / to town / went _______________________________________________________ 9. The car / he / parked / under the tree _______________________________________________________ 10. An apple / Jamal / ate / before lunch _______________________________________________________

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 4 PRACTICE WORKSHEET Change these simple sentences into complex sentences using the words given in the brackets. Example : The vase was very expensive. (that you broke) The vase that you broke was very expensive. 1. Stella called the company. (which sold her the refrigerator. __________________________________________________________________ 2. The money has been stolen. (that he withdrew yesterday) __________________________________________________________________ 3. My cousin doesnt speak Malay fluently. ( who lived in England for 10 years) __________________________________________________________________ 4. Many Malaysian do not know the history of our independence. (who were born in 1970s) __________________________________________________________________ 5. He saw the car. (which hit the boy) __________________________________________________________________ 6. The house is haunted. (which he bought) __________________________________________________________________ 7. Encik Ali is a helpful person. (who is our neighbour) __________________________________________________________________ 8. Kuala Lumpur is a big city. (which is the capital of Malaysia) __________________________________________________________________

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 5 PRACTICE WORKSHEET Fill in the mind maps with words given.

No need to share room, things Less attention from parents Have to share room, things

more attention from parents lonely, no playmates more siblings, playmates

BIG FAMILY

SMALL FAMILY

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 6 PRACTICE WORKSHEET Complete the mind map below with words or phrases associated with big and small families.

FAMILY

BIG

SMALL

GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 7 ANSWER KEY Appendix 1 Model answer Todays families are generally much smaller than families during our fore fathers time. A typical family today consists of four or five members, including the parents. If I were given a choice, I would prefer to be in a big family. This is because I would be a happier person. My siblings can be my playmates both at home and outside. I will not be so lonely. On the other hand, being the only child will make feel lonely. I have to look for playmates outside of my home. Moreover, my older siblings will help me in my studies if I have problems. Besides, I learn to practice the give and take attitude with my brothers and sisters. This helps me develop a caring and understanding character during my formative years. In contrast, a person who is raised from a small family tends to be selfcentered and selfish. At home, he or she does not have to share their things with others. An only child might be spoilt for he or she might expect others to give in to him or her all the time. I know that in a big family, the parents attention for their children has to be divided among all of them. But that does not mean that they lack parental love. In fact, when parents give equal attention to my siblings and me, it promotes a sense of fairness and equality. This is a quality I can always carry and practice in my life. Despite having to share my things with my brothers and sisters, I still think that life is happier and meaningful in a big family. I am not lonely, I am a better person and life is certainly more purposeful. Appendix 3 1. The cat ate the fish. 2. Everyone worked hard. 3. The police caught the thief. 4. Nobody solved the problem. 5. Mariam bought a new handbag last week. 6. Children love ice cream. 7. All of them enjoyed the party yesterday. 8. Richard went to town. 9. He parked the car under the tree. 10

10. Jamal ate an apple before lunch. Appendix 4 1. Stella called the company which sold her the refrigerator. 2. The money that he withdrew yesterday, has been stolen. 3. My cousin who lived in England for 10 years doesnt speak Malay fluently. 4. Many Malaysians who were born in the 1970s do not know the history of our independence. 5. He saw the car which hit the boy. 6. The house which he bought is haunted. 7. Encik Ali who is our neighbour is a helpful person. 8. Kuala Lumpur which is the capital of Malaysia is a big city. GUIDED WRITING SET 1 APPENDIX 7 Appendix 5 BIG FAMILY More siblings , playmates Have to share room Less attention from parents Appendix 6 Accept any suitable and relevant answers. SMALL FAMILY Lonely, no playmates No need to share room More attention from parents

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GUIDED WRITING SET 2 Language Outcome(s) : 2.3(iv) expanding notes and outlines. Aim(s): 1. Students are able to write an article for school magazine to inform students of the Dos and Donts of saving water. Theme: People Teaching Points: Tips on writing an article notes expansion Imperatives shut, place Introducing phrasal verbs- e.g. turn off, turn on Activities: 1. Brainstorming activity students discuss about the importance of saving water. 2. Explain imperatives and phrasal verbs 3. Distribute worksheets (Appendix 3) : completing table and constructing 4 sentences (High Achievers) completing table with given words (Average and Low Achievers) 4. Distribute task sheet (Appendix 1) Appendices: Appendix 1 Task Appendix 2 Teachers Notes Appendix 3 Practice Worksheet

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GUIDED WRITING SET 2 APPENDIX 1 You attended a Save Water Campaign organized by the local authorities. After the campaign, you were asked to write an article for your school magazine to inform the students how they can help to save water at home and in school.

When writing the article : use all the points given elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting give reasons why it is important to follow the Dos and Donts of Saving Water make sure it is not less than 120 words.

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GUIDED WRITING SET 2 APPENDIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES 1. Teacher explains imperatives to the students. E.g : Switch off the fan Close the door Sit down. Give it to me. Wait for a while. Catch me if you can. Explain about phrasal verbs. E.g : Go to your room and look up for the books. My offer was turned down. Keep away from that dog. She was very angry so she walks out from the classroom. Siti turns off the radio before doing her work. 2. Teacher distribute the worksheets (Appendix 3) : completing table and constructing 4 sentences (High Achievers) completing table with given words (Average and Low Achievers) 3. Students are ready to attempt the task. Distribute task sheet (Appendix 1).

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GUIDED WRITING SET 2 APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET Complete the table below with the Dos and Donts of saving water and then construct four sentences. Write the sentences in the space given. DOS DONTS

1. __________________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________________________________ 4. __________________________________________________________________

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GUIDED WRITING SET 2 APPENDIX 4 PRACTICE WORKSHEET Fill in the table below with the sentences given. DOS DONTS

Repair leaking taps leave the tap running when you dont need the water. Use a hose to wash a car . Use the water from a bucket Turn off the tap when you have finished washing your hands.

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GUIDED WRITING SET 2 APPENDIX 4 ANSWER KEY Appendix 1 Model answer I attended the Save Water Campaign organized by the local authorities. Here is what I learned at the campaign about how we can save water at home and in school. One way to save water is to avoid wasting it. Turn off the tap when you have finished washing your hands. Dont leave the tap running when you dont need the water. A lot of water is wasted this way. We should also repair all leaking taps and pipes in our homes and other buildings. People are not aware of how much water is wasted due to leaking taps. When washing cars, it is better to collect water in a bucket and then use a scoop to pour on the car. Using a hose to wash the car wastes a lot of water. It is very important to follow the Dos and Donts of Saving Water because we need to save water. We need water to live. If we dont have enough clean water, we will suffer. Therefore, it is the duty of every person to save water and not waste it. Appendix 3 Accept any suitable and relevant answers. Appendix 4 DOS Do turn off the tap when you have finished washing your hand. Do repair leaking taps. DONTS Dont leave the tap running when you dont need the water. Dont use a hose to wash the car. Do use water from a bucket

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GUIDED WRITING - SET 3 DESCRIBING A PROCESS Learning Outcome(s) : 2.2. ( xii ) Interpreting information from simple diagrams, Aim(s) : 1. Students are able to interpret information from diagrams. 2. Students are able to describe a process. Theme : Health Teaching Points : Imperatives Sequence Connectors Activities : 1. Teacher introduces imperatives and connectors to students. 2. Students complete the worksheet given. 3. Students fill in the blanks with the correct sequence connectors. 4. High achievers students will identify 13 imperatives used in the recipe while average achievers will identify 7 imperatives. 5. Teacher gives format and tips on describing a process. 6. Students read and discuss the question. 7. Students write an essay on process and procedures. Appendices : Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4

- Task - Teachers notes - Practice worksheet - Answer Key

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GUIDED WRITING - SET 3 APPENDIX 1 One evening, Kassims mother had to go out suddenly. She only had time to cook rice and leave some sketches and notes to help him prepare some simple fried rice for dinner. She also laid out the needed ingredients for him in the kitchen. Using everything provided, explain what Kassim needs to do in order to prepare his dinner.

When writing out your instructions : use all the pictures and notes provided elaborate on the given information to make it more interesting. Make sure it is not less than 120 words.

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GUIDED WRITING - SET 3 APPE NDIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES 1. Teacher will start off the lesson by teaching imperatives and sentence connectors. Students will be given the practice worksheets to complete. 2. Teacher will give the following tips on how to describe a process before they attempt the task given in Appendix 1. 1. You must know what process or procedure you have to describe. 2. Study the pictures carefully and understand the notes given in each picture. 3. Your description can be in the format of report, letter, dialogue or just an explanation. 4. Your composition must clearly show the steps involved in the process. 5. Jot down points on the steps of the process. 6. Arrange your points in your outline. 7. You have to use sequence connectors to join the steps of the process. 8. Some sequence connectors include : firstly, secondly, then, next and finally 3. Teacher can give additional guidance on the format of describing a process. INTRODUCTION BODY : state what process you are describing : Paragraph 1 start with the first step by using firstly - mention what must be done Paragraph 2 continue to the next few steps Paragraph 3 - proceed till you come to the last step CONCLUSION : add some comments about the process state if it is simple or difficult, etc

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4. Students are given the task sheet. Students will attempt to explain what Kassim needs to do in order to prepare his dinner.

GUIDED WRITING - SET 3 APPENDIX 3 PRACTISE WORKSHEET A. Fill in the blanks below to complete a recipe for pancakes. Use these words to help. You can use them more than once. Finally, Next , First, after, then

1._________,. weigh the ingredients and set them out in front of you. 2.________ that, mix the flour and salt in a bowl. 3.__________, add in the eggs and the milk. Beat the mixture with a wooden spoon until it is smooth. When you are done, heat a little oil in a pan. 4. ________,pour in one tablespoon of mixture into the pan. Twirl the pan around to form a nice round shape. When, one side is cooked and bubbles form on top, turn the pancake over. Check to see if the underside is brown. 5.________, flip the pancake over once more for a few seconds. 6.___________, remove the pancake and place it on a plate.

B. Identify the 13 imperatives ( command words ) used in the recipe above. ( HA ) . . . . .. ..

C. Identify the 7 imperatives ( command words ) used in the recipe above. ( AA/LA ) . 21

GUIDED WRITING - SET 3 APP ENDIX 4 ANSWER KEY The first thing Kassim should do is add some cooking oil into the wok and heat it up. Next, he needs to add a pinch of salt into the oil to prevent splashing. Then he must add in the small sliced potato cubes followed by the sliced onions. He should fry the potatoes until they turn brown and the sliced onions become slightly crispy. If he has a twin stove, he can also add some oil into a frying pan and add a pinch of salt to it to fry the potato chips while the ingredients in the wok are being fried. Once the small sliced potato cubes and onions are fried nicely, he should add the cooked rice into the wok and mix nicely. Then, Kassim should add some soy sauce and stir well. He should not forget to remove the potato chips from the frying pan and fry an egg in the same oil. (for a richer taste). Once everything is cooked, Kassim can transfer the fried rice into a plate; then garnish it with the fried chips and egg. If he wants, he may add a lighter spread of butter or margarine for richer taste.

SUGGESTED ANSWERS FOR THE PRACTISE WORKSHEET 1. First 2. After 3. Next 4. Then / Next 5. Then 6. Finally Imperatives Weigh set mix add beat heat pour

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Twirl

check

flip

turn

remove

place

GUIDED WRITING SET 4 WRITING A DIALOGUE Learning Outcome(s) : 3.2. ( iv ) Composing a dialogue Aim(s) : Students should be able to compose a dialogue from the notes given. Theme : People Teaching Points : Tips on writing a dialogue Language Functions Activities : 1. Give practice on language functions. 2. Give tips on writing a dialogue. 3. Give composition outline and additional guidance (for Average and Low Achievers). 4. Read and discuss the question. 5. Students compose a dialogue. Appendices : Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3

- Task - Teachers notes - Answer Key

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GUIDED WRITING SET 4 APPENDIX 1 Study the picture below and answer the question below

John would like to take his family for a holiday. He has to book two rooms in a hotel. Using the notes given, write a telephone conversation between John and a hotel receptionist. Use these notes to help you : date of arrival rooms for two days room rates book two double rooms any discounts any tours organized by hotel hotel facilities When writing out your dialogue : 24

use all the notes given elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting. Make sure it is not less than 120 words.

GUIDED WRITING SET 4 APPENDIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES Teacher can do the following language drills. Language Functions To ask politely Expression used Can you please tell me ? May I know ? Do you have ? Can I help you ? Thanks. Thank you. Yes Yes, of course. Glad to be of help. Youre welcome.

To offer help To thank To respond appropriately

Teacher can provide tips on writing a dialogue. 1. The dialogue is usually between two or more speakers. 2. It can be a question and answer session. 3. The format used must be that of a dialogue or conversation. 4. Add in your own points. 5. Write down the names of the speakers if it is not provided. 6. You must use a dialogue format. 7. You have to start the dialogue properly. 8. The speakers can greet each other first. 9. Give an ending to your dialogue. Teacher can provide the composition outline for weaker students.

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INTRODUCTION the two. CONTENTS days

: :

John calls hotel and talks to receptionist dialogue between John wants to book rooms and asks about the hotel facilities. - John says he wants to book rooms date time number of asks about rate and discounts - receptionist mentions about facilities tours have to

book in advance CONCLUSION

booking confirmed

GUIDED WRITING SET 4 APPENDIX 2 Teacher can give additional guidance for average achievers by providing some notes on what the receptionist said: room available RM150.00 per room free breakfast discount of ten percent gym and swimming pool hotel organizes island tour and jungle trekking book in advance

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GUIDED WRITING SET 4 APPENDIX 3 ANSWER KEY John : Hello, is this Slick Hotel ? Receptionist : Yes, it is. Can I help you, sir ? John : I wish to book two double rooms for my family. We will be arriving on the 12th of March. We should arrive at 1 p.m. Receptionist : Certainly, sir. May I know your name, please ? How many of you are staying in the hotel ? John : My name is John Stephen. There are just four of us; my wife, my two children and myself. May I know the room rates ? Receptionist : Its RM150.00 per room, Mr. John. John : Could you give us a discount ? Receptionist : Yes, we are giving you ten per cent promotional discount because of the school holidays. John : What facilities does your hotel have ? Receptionist : Our hotel has a well-equipped gym and a huge swimming pool. Hotel guests can use the gym until 10 p.m. Each room you have booked is inclusive of breakfast for two persons. John : Thats good. Do you have any hotel tours that we can join during our stay? Receptionist : Yes, there are. You can join the island tour and jungle trekking trip. However, you have to book for these at least a day in advance. John : My son and I would love that. So, I am booking them for both of us right now. Receptionist : All right. Your booking is confirmed. Is there anything else, sir ? John : Thats all for now. Goodbye and thank you for your help. Receptionist : Youre welcome, Mr. John.

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GUIDED WRITING - SET 5 WRITING A REPORT Learning Outcome(s) : 2.2. ( xii ) Interpreting information from notices, articles from charts. 2.3 (xii) Writing simple reports. Aim(s) : 1. Students are able to interpret non-linear information . 2. Students are able to write a report. Theme : People Teaching Points : Tenses Activities : 1. Introduce Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense to students. 2. Students identify Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense from a report / text given. 3. Gives format and tips on how to interpret non-linear information.. 4. Students read and discuss the question. 5. Students write a report based on a chart given. Appendices : Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4

- Task - Teachers notes - Practice worksheet - Answer Key

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GUIDED WRITING - SET 5 APPENDIX 1

Study the pie chart below and answer the question that follows.

The pie chart above shows the type of movies watched by the members of the Tan family which consists of the parents, three sons and two daughters. Study the information in the pie chart and write a report. In your report, explain the reasons for their preferences for the different types of movies. When writing your report : use all the details given. elaborate on the given details to make it more interesting. 29

make sure it is not less than 120 words.

GUIDED WRITING SET 5 APPEN DIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES 1. Tips on writing a composition / report based on pie chart / graph / table. 1. Read the question and study the graph, chart or table carefully. 2. Study the graph to see what each column represents. 3. If it is a pie chart or table, study the data carefully. 4. After studying the information, jot down the points. 5. Arrange the points in your outline. 6. You have to use sequence connectors to connect the points such as in addition and similarly 7. Write your composition based on the outline. 8. Check your composition for any spelling and grammatical errors. 9. Check your tenses. 2. Format This is an example of the format on giving information and details by analyzing visuals (charts, table, graph). INTRODUCTION BODY : mention what the graph, chart or table shows by looking at the topic : Paragraph 1 state the most important detail substantiated by figures ( if any ), followed by next detail Paragraph 2 continue to other details which need to be mentioned quote figures if any Paragraph 3 proceed with other details if any CONCLUSION : sum up details reiterate the topic give reasons if an 30

3. Mind map

The most watched is science fiction

Detective thrillers comedy

Types of movies watched

The next most popular is action movie

The least watched is musicals GUIDED WRITING SET 5 APPENDIX 2 4. Composition Outline Introduction : the pie chart shows the types of movies watched by Tan family typical of other moviegoers Content : Analyse the types of movies watched which ranked according to percentages. Paragraph 1 - most watched are science fiction movies. Paragraph 2 - followed by action-packed movies total more than 50% Paragraph 3 - detective thrillers are popular too reasons Paragraph 4 - followed by the least watched comedy and family drama give possible reasons Conclusion : preference for movies of the Tans family members typical of other moviegoers these days craze for science fiction.

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GUIDED WRITING SET 5

APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET

The pie chart above shows the enrolment of students attending classes for six subjects at Perfect Tuition Centre. The enrolment is shown in percentages. Below is a report of the enrolment for the six subjects at the tuition centre. The report describes the trend for enrolment of classes at the tuition centre. A. Identify the Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense used in the report. Underline the Present Tense once and the Present Continuous Tense twice. The pie chart shows the enrolment of students for the six subjects at Perfect Tuition Centre.

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From the chart, we know that the two subjects with the highest enrolment are the two main languages, Bahasa Malaysia and English. The total enrolment for these two subjects is 50%. This is because the subjects are compulsory and many students are weak in them. Recently, English has increased in importance with the emphasis by the Government. A good command of English is necessary to join the job market. The other subjects like Mathematics, Science and Commerce have an enrolment of 15% each. Many students face difficulty in studying these subjects too. Moreover, with todays emphasis on technology and industry, Mathematics and Science subjects are increasing in importance. The subject with lowest enrolment is Art, which is only 5%. This is not surprising for only students who want to pursue a career in Art will take this subject seriously. It is encouraging to see a certain level of diversity in students interest at a young age itself. The enrolment of students at Perfect Tuition Centre depends on the importance and level of difficulty of the subject. Enrolment is higher if the subject is either important or difficult.

GUIDED WRITING SET 5 APPENDIX 4 ANSWER KEY TASK (APPENDIX 1) The pie chart shows the type of movies watched by the Tans family members. Like other movie goers, they watch popular science fiction and action-packed movies. From the chart we know that, the most watched movies among them is the science fiction which makes up 35%. This means that out of three movies they watched, one is a science fiction movie. The trend now is science fiction movies which pull crowds due to their special effects and sound system. The children and parents in the family like to watch them. Science fiction movies are followed closely by the action-packed type of movies which are popular among both the ole and young. Such movies are seldom boring. Together with science fiction movies, the total is more than 50% of the movies watched. Detective thrillers probably appeal more to the father and sons, accounting for only 15% of the movies watched. The two categories that showed the lowest percentage are comedy and family drama which only amounts to 5%. Probably, family drama movies are watched only by the mother. It seldom appeals to the young. Comedy, on the other hand, may not appeal to the Tans family. The movies watched by the Tans family members are indicative of many other movie goers. Science fiction and action-packed movies are often box office hits. PRACTICE WORKSHEET (APPENDIX 3) The pie chart shows the enrolment of students for the six subjects at Perfect Tuition Centre. From the chart, we know that the two subjects with the highest enrolment are the two main languages, Bahasa Malaysia and English. The total enrolment for these two 33

subjects is 50%. This is because the subjects are compulsory and many students are weak in them. Recently, English has increased in importance with the emphasis by the Government. A good command of English is necessary to join the job market. The other subjects like Mathematics, Science and Commerce have an enrolment of 15% each. Many students face difficulty in studying these subjects too. Moreover, with todays emphasis on technology and industry, Mathematics and Science subjects are increasing in importance. The subject with lowest enrolment is Art, which is only 5%. This is not surprising for only students who want to pursue a career in Art will take this subject seriously. It is encouraging to see a certain level of diversity in students interest at a young age itself. The enrolment of students at Perfect Tuition Centre depends on the importance and level of difficulty of the subject. Enrolment is higher if the subject is either important or difficult.

GUIDED WRITING SET 6 WRITING A FORMAL LETTER Language Outcome(s):1.2 (x) Writing a formal letter Aim(s) Theme Teaching Points Activities : Students are able to write a formal letter complaining about uncollected garbage :Social Issues : 1. Tips on writing a formal letter 2. Language forms and functions : 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter. 2. Teacher explains the criteria of the letter. 3. Teacher uses a sample letter for discussion. 4. Teacher distributes the task worksheets according to the proficiency level. 5. Students complete the task given. - Task - Teachers notes - Graded Practice Worksheet A (High and Average Achievers) and B (Low Achievers) - Answer Key

Appendices: Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4

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GUIDED WRITING SET 6 APPENDIX 1 WORKSHEET A The garbage in your area has not been collected for two weeks. On behalf of the residents, you write a letter to the Enforcement Officer of the local town council to complain about the uncollected garbage. Use these points to help you write your letter: garbage not collected two weeks split over road terrible smell re Since this is a formal letter, it must have -your address -the address of the recipient -date -salutation When writing your letter: Use all the points given Elaborate on the given notes to make it more realistic Make sure it is not less than 120 words

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GUIDED WRITING SET 6 APPENDIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES Teacher can carry out the following activities according to the students proficiency level i.e. HA (High Achievers), AV(Average Achievers) and LA(Low Achievers). HA : Identifying the correct letter format Producing compound and complex sentences Producing an interesting introduction Producing an interesting composition that has fancy words

Activities : 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter 2. Teacher explains the criteria of the letter :i) language/tone ii) to whom 3. Teacher discusses a sample of a letter :i) points organization ii) how does it answer the rubric 4. Teacher assigns a letter to be written individually AV: Identifying the correct letter format Producing grammatically correct simple and compound sentences Producing a coherent composition that includes all the points given Activities: 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter 2. Teacher explains the criteria of the letter :i) language/tone ii) to whom 36

3. Teacher discusses a sample of a letter :a. points organization b. how does it answer the rubric 4. Assigns a letter to be written individually 5. Teacher stresses on the need to have correct Subject Verb Agreement 6. Teacher observes the right tone of the letter (not lengthy & straight to the point) LA: Identifying the correct format of the letter by choosing the correct items and basic expressions used in a formal letter. (Some items are taken out and the answers are listed: -format: postcode, district and salutation -greeting and ending: how are you? , Thank you, Your friend) Arranging phrases/sentences in the correct sequence

GUIDED WRITING SET 6 Activities: 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter 2. Teacher explains the criteria of the letter :a. language/tone b. to whom 3. Teacher discusses a sample of a letter :a. points organization b. how does it answer the rubric 4. Teacher explains the rubric :a. Identify the format of an informal letter b. Identify the correct verbs

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GUIDED WRITING SET 6 APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET A The drains in your neighbourhood are badly clogged with rubbish. On behalf of the residents, you write a letter of complaint to the Town Council and requesting services to clear the drain. Use these points to help you write your letter: drains are clogged with rubbish water is stagnant Aedes mosquitoes breeding many children go to the playground Since this is a formal letter, it must have -your address -the address of the recipient -date -salutation When writing your letter: Use all the points given Elaborate on the given notes to make it more realistic Make sure it is not less than 120 words

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GUIDED WRITING SET 6 APPENDIX 3 WORKSHEET B Arrange the items below according to the correct order of a formal letter. Thank you in advance. Dear Sir, No.4 Taman Orkid, 89058 Kudat, Sabah. Uncollected Garbage 3. I suggest the council look into this matter and arrange for the garbage to be collected immediately. Yours faithfully, The Enforcement Officer, Kudat Town Council, 89058 Kudat Sabah. 23 MAY 2006 4. The garbage has not been collected for two weeks. The garbage bags are pilling upon each other. Some garbage has even split on the road. The dogs have made a 39

terrible mess. The whole place smells. Some of the garbage have also fallen into and clogged the drains. To make things worse, it has not been raining for more than a week. So the garbage is stuck in the drains all this time. On behalf of the residents in my area, I wish to bring to your attention the problem of uncollected garbage in my area, that is, Taman Orkid. (LIM CHIN TONG) 5. Due to the garbage and smell, the flies are everywhere. This is bad for children when often play on the road. We worry that the garbage will cause sicknesses among them. Lim Chin Tong

GUIDED WRITING SET 6 APPENDIX 3 ANSWER KEY APPENDIX 1 39 Jalan 22/6 Taman Pokok Assam 88810 Sembulan Sabah The Chairman Town Council 88810 Sembulan Sabah Dear Sir, Services To Clear Drains I am a resident of Taman Pokok Assam. I would like to inform you that several drains in the area are clogged with rubbish. 2 For your information, the drains have not been cleared for almost over a month. As the water is stagnant, Aedes mosquitoes are beginning to breed here. 3 I hope you can kindly send a team to clear the drains. I suggest that the drains along Jalan Merbok and Jalan Kunyit be cleared first because many children go to the playground nearby. Thank you in advance. Yours faithfully, Melissa 40

22 May 2006

(MELISSA PATRICK) APPENDIX 3 No.4 Taman Orkid, 89058 Kudat, Sabah. The Enforcement Officer, Kudat Town Council, 89058 Kudat Sabah Dear Sir, Uncollected Garbage On behalf of the residents in my area, I wish to bring to your attention the problem of uncollected garbage in my area, that is, Taman Orkid. 2 The garbage has not been collected for two weeks. The garbage bags are pilling up on each other. Some garbage has even split on the road. The dogs have made a terrible mess. The whole place smells. Some of the garbage have also fallen into and clogged the drains. To make things worse, it has not been raining for more than a week. So the garbage is stuck in the drains all this time. 3 Due to the garbage and smell, the flies are everywhere. This is bad for children when often play on the road. We worry that the garbage will cause sicknesses among them. 4 I suggest the council look into this matter and arrange for the garbage to be collected immediately. Thank you in advance. Yours faithfully, Lim Chin Tong (LIM CHIN TONG)

23 MAY 2006

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GUIDED WRITING SET 7 WRITING AN INFORMAL LETTER

Learning 0utcome(s) :1.1 (x) Writing a letter Aim(s) Theme : Students are able to write an informal letter describing a flood in a housing area. : Social Issues 1. Tips on writing an informal letter -format. 2. Language forms and functions.

Teaching Points :

Activities

: 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter. 2. Teacher explains the criteria of the letter. 3. Teacher uses a sample letter for discussion. 4. Teacher distributes the task worksheets according to the proficiency level. 5. Students complete the task given.

Appendices: Appendix 1 - Task Appendix 2 - Teachers notes Appendix 3 - Graded task Worksheet A (High Achievers), B (Average Achievers) and C (Low Achievers) Appendix 4 - Answer key 42

GUIDED WRITING SET 7 APPENDIX 1 TASK You have been involved in a flood prevention project organized by your schools environment club. Write a letter to your friend describing the project. Use these notes to help you write: 2 day project 40 members were involved members were divided into three teams: - team one mixing cement and sand - team two cemented the stones together - team three refreshments 60 meters of the embankment was completed When writing your letter: use all the notes given. elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting. make sure it is not less than 120 words.

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GUIDED WRITING SET 7 APPENDIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES Teacher can carry out the following activities according to the students proficiency level i.e. HA (High Achievers), AV(Average Achievers) and LA(Low Achievers). HA : Identifying the correct letter format Producing compound and complex sentences Producing an interesting introduction Producing an interesting composition that has fancy words 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter 2. Teacher explains the criteria of the letter : language/tone to whom 3. Teacher discusses a sample of a letter : points organization how does it answer the rubric 4. Teacher assigns a letter to be written individually 5. Teacher stresses on the need to have correct Subject Verb Agreement 6. Teacher asks students to observe the tone of the letter (formal language and straight to the point)

Activities :

AV: Identifying the correct letter format Producing grammatically correct simple and compound sentences Producing a coherent composition that includes all the points given Activities: 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter 2. Teacher explains the criteria of the letter :-

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3.

4. 5. 6.

language/tone to whom Teacher discusses a sample of a letter : points organization how does it answer the rubric T assigns a letter to be written individually Teacher stresses on the need to have correct Subject Verb Agreement Teacher asks students to observe the tone of the letter ( formal language & straight to the point)

7. LA: Identifying the correct format of the letter by choosing the correct items and basic expressions used in a formal letter. (Some items are taken out and the answers are listed: - format: postcode, district and salutation - greeting and ending: how are you? , Thank you, Your friend) Arranging phrases/sentences in the correct sequence Activities: 1. Teacher explains the format of the letter 2.Teacher explains the criteria of the letter : language/tone to whom 3.Teacher discusses a sample of a letter : points organization how does it answer the rubric 4.Teacher explains the rubric : To identify the format of an informal letter To identify the correct verb

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GUIDED WRITING SET 7 APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET A Study the picture below and answer the question that follows.

Use these notes to help you write:

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water level rose moved electrical gadgets upstairs evacuated to higher ground go back home washed house The picture above shows a flooded area. It involved your housing area. Study the picture and notes given and write a letter to your friend. In your letter, describe what happened. When writing your letter: use all the notes given. elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting. make sure it is not less than 120 words.

GUIDED WRITING SET 7 APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET B Fill the blanks with the items listed in the box below. Your friend 88801 How are you? Good bye and take care Dear Lina Kota Kinabalu Sabah Imelda 25 May 2006

No. 5, Kampung Cermai, ___________________, ___________________, ___________________. _________________,

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_____________________ I hope you are fine. I have just been too busy to write to you. Two days ago, my housing area was flooded. The water level was so high that it reached until the height of the windows. Luckily, we had expected the flood. So we moved our electrical gadgets upstairs. We had previously saved our important documents and valuables in the bank. Luckily, that was taken care off. By noon, we had to evacuate to higher ground. The Town Council sent boats to bring us to a safer place. That night, we stayed at a community hall that was located on higher ground. I did not realize how kind people were till this flood. You should see the donations pouring in. There were donations of blankets, clothes, and even money to help us. It is during such crises that nice and compassionate people come forward to help. When the water subsided, we moved back to our home. Now, my family and I are still cleaning the house which is full of mud. It is a lot of hard work. How about your place? Was it flooded during the heavy rain? I have to stop now for I still have to scrub the mud off in my bedroom walls. ________________________. ________________, ________________

GUIDED WRITING SET 7 APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET C Fill the blanks with the VERBS listed in the box. scrub realize flooded moved stayed see saved reached evacuate located subsided expected sent

No. 5, Kampung Cermai, 89058 Kudat, Sabah. 22 May 2006.

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Dear Amirul, How are you? I hope you are fine. I have just been too busy to write to you. Two days ago, my housing area was ___________. The water l evel was so high that it _________ until the height of the windows. Luckily, we had ___________ the flood. So we ________ our electrical gadgets upstairs. We had previously ________ our important documents and valuables in the bank. Luckily, that was taken care off. By noon, we had to _________ to higher ground. The Town Council _______ boats to bring us to a safer place. That night, we ___________ at a community hall that was ___________ on higher ground. I did not _________ how kind people were till this flood. You should _________ the donations pouring in. There were donations of blankets, clothes, and even money to help us. It is during such crises that nice and compassionate people come forward to help. When the water ___________, we moved back to our home. Now my family and I are still cleaning the house which is full of mud. It is a lot of hard work. How about your place? Was it flooded during the heavy rain? I have to stop now for I still have to __________ the mud off in my bedroom walls. Goodbye and take care. Your friend, Kimar

GUIDED WRITING SET 7 APPENDIX 3 ANSWER KEY APPENDIX 1 Kampung Gum Gum, 90058 Sandakan, Sabah. 28 May 2006. Dear Linda, How are you? I hope this letter finds you in the best health. I also hope that you will forgive me for taking a longer time to reply your letter. I have been involved in my schools environment club flood prevention project last week. The project was held for two days aiming to build an embankment along a stretch of Gum Gum River. 40 members of the club were involved in the project. Our club members were divided into teams. Team One took part in mixing cement and sand. Team Two helped to cement the stones together. Team Three was in charge of refreshments for the participants. Sixty metres of the embankment was completed 49

during the two days. The members of the club were happy that they had the opportunity to help in a project to prevent future floods. How about you? Have you ever joined any interesting projects organised by your club? Goodbye and take care. Your friend, Peter PRACTICE WORKSHEETS APPENDIX 3 No. 5, Kampung Cermai, 89058 Kudat, Sabah. 22 May 2006. Dear Amirul, How are you? I hope you are fine. I have just been too busy to write to you. Two days ago, my housing area was flooded. The water level was so high that it reached until the height of the windows. Luckily, we had expected the flood. So, we moved our electrical gadgets upstairs. We had previously saved our important documents and valuables in the bank. Luckily, that was taken care of. By noon, we had to evacuate to higher ground. The Town Council sent boats to bring us to a safer place. That night, we stayed at a community hall that was located on higher ground. I did not realize how kind people were till this flood. You should see the donations pouring in. There were donations of blankets, clothes, and even money to help us. It is during such crises that nice and compassionate people come forward to help. When the water subsided, we moved back to our home. Now my family and I are still cleaning the house, which is full of mud. It is a lot of hard work. How about your place? Was it flooded during the heavy rain? I have to stop now for I still have to scrub the mud off in my bedroom walls. Goodbye and take care. Your friend, Kimar

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GUIDED WRITING SET 8 WRITING A SPEECH

Learning Outcome(s) : 2.3 (iv) Expanding notes and outlines Aim(s) : Students are able to write a speech using the notes provided.

Theme : People Teaching points : Tips on how to write a speech. Format of writing a speech Activities : 1. Teacher gives tips on how to write a speech (refer to Teachers Notes in Appendix 2 ) 2. Teacher explains the format of speech writing. Students have to complete the Worksheet ( Appendix 3 ) 3. Students read and discuss the question. (Appendix 1) 4. Students write out the speech. Appendix 1 tASK Appendix 2 Teachers notes 51

Appendices :

Appendix 3 Practice Worksheet Appendix 4 Answer key

GUIDED WRITING SET 8 APPENDIX 1 TASK Study the picture below and answer the question that follows.

Use these notes below to help you write. 52

special day for teachers dedicated to job hard-working great effort care and concern for students advice on studies present roses to teachers

The picture above shows the celebration of Teachers Day. As the Head Prefect, you are asked to give a speech at the morning assembly to thank the teachers in your school. Write the speech expressing your gratitude to your teachers. When writing your speech : use all the notes given elaborate on the given notes to make it more interesting make sure it is not less than 120 words.

GUIDED WRITING SET 8 APPENDIX 2 TEACHERS NOTES Before you write your speech, produce a mind map and composition outline first. Mind map

Show appreciation

hard work and dedication

SPEECH ON TEACHERS DAY

Special day for teachers

programme for the day

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Composition Outline Introduction : Opening address greet principal, teachers and students Wish Happy Teachers Day Main Body : Elaborate on details of the speech. Paragraph 1 praise teachers for their hard work dedication special day to thank them Paragraph 2 students show appreciation by working hard Paragraph 3 - programmes for the day Conclusion : closing lines ask students to thank teachers

GUIDED WRITING SET 8 APPENDIX 3 PRACTICE WORKSHEET Fill in the blanks with the correct answer provided below.

end my speech

teachers and students

Dr. Radzlan

Radzlan Dental Surgery The Importance of Dental Care

Good morning Thank you I am

_____________________________, ______________________.

_________________________from ________________________ I am glad to see such a good turn up at my speech. It is an important topic on ________________________. How long our teeth last depends on how well we care for our teeth. Proper dental care should start from the moment children start teething. This is because milk teeth will 54

affect the formation of permanent teeth later. Parents should teach the young child to clean their teeth by using a wet cloth or cotton bud to rub on their teeth twice a day. When the child is slightly older, he or she can use a tiny toothbrush with soft nylon tufts. As important are good eating habits are to us, dental check-ups, regular and proper brushing are essential too. Eat more food that is good for our teeth such as fruits and fish. Avoid sweet food like chocolates and ice cream. Regular six-month check-ups are best way to prevent dental problems. The longer we wait the more likely out teeth will become worse. So remember to take a good care of your teeth. Taking care of your teeth is actually taking care of your health, body and looks. Smiling with clean white teeth gives others a good impression of you. So, I would like to _____________________. At this point, __________________for being here.

GUIDED WRITING SET 8 APPENDIX 4 ANSWER KEY Good morning, teachers and fellow students. Today is a special day for teachers for it is Teachers Day. It is a day we put aside specially to thank out teachers for all the hard work and dedication they have put into their careers. Of course, we take every opportunity to thank our teachers. But today is a special day when we really show our appreciation for our teachers. Nobody can deny that teaching is an honorable profession. Our teachers are doing an excellent job of teaching us. So we wish to thank them today for their hard work and effort. I am sure you all know of teachers who stay back to help the weak students in their studies. And these students have benefited from their teachers diligence, care and concern. Our way of thanking them is by working hard. After this assembly, we will all present roses to all our class teachers. This is followed by parties we have organised for them. A lot of food has been prepared for all of us. They are our teachers favourite dishes. Teachers Day is a day of appreciation, joy and fun. So there will be games, singing and dancing. Teachers have worked very hard for us. So lets go and meet our teachers now and say a big Thank you to them. Thank you for making this day possible. 55

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