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# ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering

## Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Shawn Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. Winter 2009

Assignment #2 Page 1 of 1
ASSIGNMENT #2 (DUE: MARCH 2, 2009)

Instructions: To demonstrate comprehension of the subject matter and to prepare for the final
examination, include a handwritten sample calculation for each unique calculation required in each
problem. For repetitive calculations, the use of electronic calculation packages (e.g. Excel, Matlab) are
allowed. Sufficient information, which may include text, tables or figures, must be included to demonstrate
the problem set requirements have been satisfied.

Problem 2-1 An arctic offshore gravity base platform has an oil riser traversing within the in-air working
space and is supported by an anchor block. The pipeline has a 273.1mm nominal outside diameter with
9.525 mm wall thickness. The material properties include an elastic modulus of 205 GPa, Poissons ratio
of 0.3 and coefficient of thermal expansion of 1.1510
-5
m/m/C. The installation tie-in temperature is
-25 C and the operating temperature is 75C. The design pressure is 12 MPa. As the distance from the
design pressure reference height to the pipeline elevation is typically small, the effects of a static fluid
column on internal pressure can be ignored. Calculate the longitudinal stress, equivalent stress and
deflection for the pipeline within the anchor block. If the linepipe is DNV SMLS 360, does the pipeline fail
the von Mises stress check? [50]

Problem 2-2 For the pipeline in Problem 1-1, calculate the virtual anchor length, axial end displacement
and axial stress at the anchor point for a buried pipeline. For these calculation assume the pipeline has
no concrete coating or anti-corrosion coating. Assume a undrained cohesive soil strength of 25kPa and
0.25 adhesion factor. Does the pipeline fail the von Mises stress check? [50]

EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Assignment 2
Problem 2-02
Winter 2009
DEFINED UNITS
MPa 10
6
Pa := kPa 10
3
Pa := GPa 10
9
Pa := C K := kN 10
3
N :=
PIPELINE SYSTEM PARAMETERS
Nominal Outside Diameter
D
o
273.1mm :=
Initial Selection Nominal Wall Thickness (Sec.5 C203 Table 5-3)
t
nom
9.525mm :=
External Corrosion Protection Coating Thickness
t
cpc
0mm :=
Fabrication Process (Sec.7 B300 Table 7-1) [SMLS, HFW, SAW]
FAB "SMLS" :=
Corrosion Allowance (Sec.6 D203)
t
corr
3mm :=
Elastic Modulus
E 205GPa :=
Specified Minimum Yield Stress (Sec.7 B300 Table 7-5)
SMYS 450MPa :=
Speciifed Minimum Tensile Stress (Sec.7 B300 Table 7-5)
SMTS 535MPa :=
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

T
1.15 10
5
C
1
:=
Poisson's Ratio
0.3 :=
Pipeline Route Length
L
p
2.5km :=
Linepipe Density

s
7850kg m
3
:=
Concrete Coating Thickness
t
c
0mm :=
Concrete Coating Density

c
3050kg m
3
:=
OPERATATIONAL PARAMETERS
API Gravity
API 38 :=
Product Contents Density

cont
1000 kg m
3

141.5
131.5 API +
:=
cont
835m
3
kg =
Design Pressure (Gauge)
P
d
12MPa :=
Design Pressure Reference Level
h
ref
0m :=
Operational Temperature
T
o
75 C :=
Tie-in Temperature
T
ti
25 C :=
Maximum Water Depth
h
l
0m :=
Seawater Density

w
1025kg m
3
:=
26/02/2009 Page 1 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Assignment 2
Problem 2-02
Winter 2009
GEOTECHNICAL PARAMETERS
Undrained Shear Strength C
u
25kPa :=
soil
0.25 :=
SOIL RESISTANCE PARAMETERS
Soil Axial Restraint per Unit Length (Eqn B-1 ALA 2001)
f D
o
C
u

soil
:= f 5.36 kN m
1
=
26/02/2009 Page 2 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Assignment 2
Problem 2-02
Winter 2009
DNV OS-F101 PARTIAL FACTORS AND DESIGN PARAMETERS
Material Strength Factor - Operations (Sec.5 C306 Table 5-6)

U_o
0.96 :=
Wall Thickness Fabrication Tolerance(Sec.7 G307 Table 7-18)
t
fab
0.5mm FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
4mm s . if
0.125 t
nom
FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
4mm > . if
0.125 t
nom
FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
10mm > . if
0.100 t
nom
FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
25mm > . if
3mm FAB "SMLS" = t
nom
30mm > . if
0.4mm FAB "HFW" = t
nom
6mm s . if
0.7mm FAB "HFW" = t
nom
6mm > . if
1.0mm FAB "HFW" = t
nom
15mm > . if
0.5mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
6mm s . if
0.7mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
6mm > . if
1.0mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
10mm > . if
1.0mm FAB "SAW" = t
nom
20mm > . if
:= t
fab
1.2 mm =
Material Derating (Sec.5 C300 Figure 2)
SMYS_o 0MPa T
o
50C < if
T
o
50 C ( )
30MPa
50 C
|

\
|
|
.

(
(

50 C T
o
< 100C < if
30MPa T
o
100 C ( )
40MPa
100 C
|

\
|
|
.
+

(
(

otherwise
:= SMYS_o 15.00 MPa =
SMTS_o 0MPa T
o
50C < if
T
o
50 C ( )
30MPa
50 C
|

\
|
|
.

(
(

50 C T
o
< 100C < if
30MPa T
o
100 C ( )
40MPa
100 C
|

\
|
|
.
+

(
(

otherwise
:= SMYS_o 15.00 MPa =
f
y_o
SMYS SMYS_o ( )
U_o
:= f
y_o
418 MPa =
f
u_o
SMTS SMTS_o ( )
U_o
:= f
u_o
499 MPa =
26/02/2009 Page 3 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Assignment 2
Problem 2-02
Winter 2009
ENGINEERING ANALYSIS
PIPELINE GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES
Inside Pipeline Diameter (Operations Case)
D
i_o
D
o
2 t
nom
t
corr
t
fab
( ) := D
i_o
262.4 mm =
R
i_o
0.5 D
i_o
:= R
i_o
131.2 mm =
R
m
0.5 D
o
t
nom
( ) := R
m
131.8 mm =
External Hydrostatic Pressure
P
e

w
g h
l
:= P
e
0.00 MPa =
HOOP STRESS (THIN WALL THEORY)

h
P
d

cont
g h
ref
h
l
( ) +

D
i_o
P
e
D
o

2 t
nom
t
corr
t
fab
( )
:=
h
295.2 MPa =
DISTANCE TO VIRTUAL ANCHOR POINT
- Equation 9 of Palmer and Ling (1981) OTC4067
- Eqn (12.17) L12 Guidance Note
z
P
d
R
m
2

f
1 2
2 t
nom

P
d
R
m

E
T
T
o
T
ti
( ) +

(
(

:= z 396m =
Virtual Anchor Length Check
z
chk
"VIRTUAL ANCHOR OK" z 0.5 L
p
< if
"RECALCULATE" otherwise
:=
z
chk
"VIRTUAL ANCHOR OK" =
AXIAL END DISPLACEMENT
Eqn (12.19) L12 Guidance Note

end
P
d
R
m

2 E t
nom

1 2 ( )
T
T
o
T
ti
( ) +

(
(

z
f z
2

4 E R
m
t
nom

:=
end
260 mm =
Axial End Displacement [Equation 12 - Palmer and Ling (1981) OTC 4067]

Palmer
R
m
E t
nom

T
T
o
T
ti
( )

f
1
P
d
R
m

1
2

|

\
|
|
.

E t
nom

T
T
o
T
ti
( )
+

(
(
(

2
:=
Palmer
260 mm =
26/02/2009 Page 4 of 5
EN 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering Assignment 2
Problem 2-02
Winter 2009
LONGITUDINAL STRESS
- Eqn (12.16) L12 Guidance Note
Axial Stress (For X <Z)
x
75
0.75 z :=

l_75
P
d
R
m

2t
nom
f
2 R
m
t
nom

x
75
:=
l_75
118.7 MPa =
x
1
1.00 z :=

l_1
P
d
R
m

2t
nom
f
2 R
m
t
nom

x
1
:=
l_1
185.9 MPa =
AXIAL STRESS (FOR X >=Z)

l

P
d
R
m

t
nom
E
T
T
o
T
ti
( ) :=
l
185.9 MPa =
EQUIVALENT STRESS CHECK

eq

h
2

h

l

l
2
+ :=
eq
420.2 MPa =

eqchk
"EQUIVALENT STRESS OK"
eq
0.9 f
y_o
< if
"INCREASE WALL THICKNESS" otherwise
:=

eqchk
"INCREASE WALL THICKNESS" =
26/02/2009 Page 5 of 5