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# CHAPTER 1

5.

## Think & Discuss (p. 1)

1.

Country
Spain
U.S.A.
Japan
Italy
France
England

Speed (mi/h)
129.9
97.7
162.6
102.4
157.9
111.8

2. Speed in kmh 
3.

Country
Spain
U.S.A.
Japan
Italy
France
England

6.

7.

3
4

5. 122  24

6. 8  15  7

7. 30  3  10

1
2

1
2

 60 units2

4 >
units2

0.6
3 2 1

 165 units2

3
4

17.

3
4

1

> 5

16.

## 9. A  2 10 units12 units

10. A  11 units  121

3.2

3.2

5 4 3 2 1

8. 6  2  8

## 1.1 Practice and Applications (pp. 710)

2. 710  70
4. 45  5  9

15.

3. 1  9  8

2.3
0

12  9 units2

 4.5 units2
 63.6

## 8. commutative property of addition 9. inverse property of

addition 10. identity property of multiplication
11. commutative property of multiplication 12. identity
property of addition 13. inverse property of multiplication
14. 132 feet per sec; canceling like units from numerators
and denominators leaves feet in the numerator and seconds in
the denominator.

Speed (km/h)
209.1
157.3
261.8
164.9
254.3
180.0

1. 3  14  11

 20.25

 2 0.7

4.5

3 2 1

speed in mih
0.621

2.5 0.5 1
4 2

3
2

5 4 3 2 1

12. A 

2

18.

units2

2.1

0.3

3 2 1

units2
19.

Lesson 1.1

3

3 2 1

4 3 2 1

 53

< 3

## 1. A rational number is a number that can be written as the

ratio of two numbers. An irrational number is a real number that is not rational and when written as a decimal, it
neither terminates nor repeats.

20.

0 >  10

## 2. Sample answer: 0, 2, 4 , 7

3. C; Negative integers are not whole numbers.
4.

10 8
12 9 6 3

21.

4
6

 10

4
4 3 2 1

 94 > 3
Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
22.

11

3

2

real numbers.

5 4 3 2 1

 32 >  11
3
23.

## erty of multiplication is always true for real numbers.

5
3 2 1

5 > 2
2
3 2 1

46. 1  10  9

2 < 2
2.5
0

8
3

5 4 3 2 1

8 > 2.5

26.  24 4.5

13
4

3  2
0

1  9

4, 1,

 29,

7  7  7  0  1  39  22  61; 70  61  9; Yes;
the result of performing the given operations is 9, which is
equal to the check digit 9.

1
6

2.7

 7 1.5

1483 ft

## 8,  7, 1.5, 6, 2.7

60.

 12,  12
5 , 1.5, 0, 0.3
32.  6 2.4 0.8 10
0

9
2

500 ft
1 mi
60 sec 60 min

 4.5 mihr
75 sec 5280 ft 1 min
1 hr

61. \$600
0.015  \$9; yes

##  6, 2.4, 0.8, 10, 92

33. inverse property of addition 34. associative property of
multiplication 35. commutative property of multiplication
36. associative property of addition 37. identity property of
multiplication 38. distributive property

62. \$600

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

1.5 francs
 900 francs
\$1

## 63. 321 francs

64.

1mi
 0.2809 mi;
5280 ft

12 in
1 yd
 17,796 in.; 1483 ft

 494.3 yd
1 ft
3 ft

## 31.  12 12 1.5 0.3

5
4 3 2 1

1 mi
 0.2 mi;
5280 ft

12 in.
1 yd
 12,672 in.; 1056 ft

 352 yd
1 ft
3 ft

4 2

53. \$612.50

## mih 55. Honolulu, HI; New Orleans,

LA; Jackson, MS; Seattle-Tacoma, WA; Norfolk, VA; Atlanta,
GA; Detroit, MI; Milwaukee, WI; Albany, NY; Helena, MT;
three cities 56. Mark OMeara; Jim Furyk; Paul Azinger;
Tiger Woods; Jay Haas; Jeff Maggert; Lee Janzen; Jumbo
Ozaki; Corey Pavin; Vijay Singh;

1056 ft

8 6 4 2

52. 88 L

1
3411

30.

 8 51. 13 ft

15, 6

##  36  20  56; 60  56  4; No; the result of performing

the given operations is 4, which is not equal to the check digit
3.

15

29.  5  5  1
2
3
3 2 1

49. 5   2   10

58. 30  1  0  4  7  0  4  8  0  8  0

## 6, 3,  12, 2, 13

4

6 4 2

45. 5  8  13
47. 9
4  36

57. 0  6  3  2  0  23 

8 6 4 2

7
4

28.

48. 7
3  21
50. 14 

25.

27.

## 42. No; Sample answer: 18  6  3  3  3  1, but

18  6  3  18  2  9 43. 32  7  25
44. 9  6  15

24.

2 1

## 40. No; Sample answer: 3  4  5  1  5  6 but

3  4  5  3  1  4 41. Yes; the associative prop-

\$1
 \$214
1.5 francs

3 F

25,000 ft  75 F
1000 ft

65. 60 F  75 F  15 F

## Kamloops to Revelstoke  200 km;

Revelstoke to Lethbridge  450 km;
Lethbridge to Red Deer  300 km;
Red Deer to Quesnel Lake  550 km;
Total distance  1750 km; Lethbridge is about half
way.

Chapter 1 continued
66. b. 1750 km 

## 1.2 Practice and Applications (pp. 1416)

1L
\$.29

 \$42.29;
12 km
1L

15. 83

1L
1 fill-up
1750 km 

 2.4 fill-up; Since we
12 km
60
start with a full tank, we will have to stop 2 times.
1h
c. 1750 km 
 19 h 53 min
88 km
67. a. associative property of addition b. identity property of
multiplication c. distributive property d. identity property of multiplication e. distributive property

69. 63

74. 8

75. 34

79.
81.

1
4x
1
2 7

80.

1
2 6

17. 5n

70. 4

71. 30

76. x  7

72. 5

77. x  3

73. 19

78. 6x

## 20. 44  4  4  4  4  256

5
21. 2   2  2  2  2  2  32

## 22. 25  2  2  2  2  2  32

23. 53  5  5  5  125
24. 35  3  3  3  3  3  243
25. 28  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  256

28. 14

27. 13  20  9  33  9  24

29. 6

 3  2  42  2  40

 2  35  5  12  7  19

 6  316

## 83. 25 in.30 in.  750

18. x7

19. 44  4  4  4  4  256

26. 82  8  8  64

## 1.1 Mixed Review (p. 10)

68. 8

16. x5

 6  48

in.2

 42

 12  4  24  96  4  24  24  0

Lesson 1.2

31. 24  8

## 1.2 Guided Practice (p. 14)

32. 16  2  6  10  16  8  10  20

base 84exponent;

## The base, 8, is being multiplied by itself,

and the exponent, 4, is the number of times the base is to be
used as a factor. 2. 6x3,17x, 5 3. evaluate the power;
divide; do addition and subtraction from left to right;
3  82  4  1  3  64  4  1  3  16  1  12
1.

## 4. 5  216  22  5  282

34. 64  9  24  9  33

33. 7  12  5

## 35. 2511  4  2515  125

36. 52  5  5  25  5  5  25
37. 24  38  16  38  16  24  8
38. 3

##  32  722  92  722

 5  264

 81  74

 5  128

 81  28
 53

 133
5. 4x  3y  7x  4x  3y  7x

 4x  7x)  3y

## 39. 94  85  36  40  76

40. 5

 3y  3x  3y
6. 2  8  6
7. 33  14  9  14  5
9. 6  9  36  9  27
2

## 11. 11x  6y  2x  3y  11x  2x  6y  3y  9x  9y

12. 3x  4  6  2x  3x  12  6  2x

 3x  12  6  2x
 3x  2x  12  6
x6
13. 3x2  5x  5x2  3x  3x2  5x2  5x  3x

 8x2  8x
 8x 2  8x
14. CD price  \$11; Number of CDs  n; Cassette

## price  \$7; Number of Cassettes  10  n;

11n  710  n  11n  70  7n  4n  70;

2
3

41.

32
9
9
9



22  1 22  1 4  1 5

42.

2  32
52
25
25
25 5





34  2 3  4  2 3  4  2 12  2 10 2

43.

4  9
5

4  9
13

45.

## 44  22 44  4 48 32




 16
4  2
2
2
2

46.

43  3
12  3 12  3


323  3 36  3
33

8. 55  4  59  45

## 6  6  56  32  6  59  6  45  6  39

44.

210  6
20  6
26 13



36  10 18  10 28 14

15
5
12  3


9
9
3

## 47. 7x2  12x  x2  40x  7x2  x2  12x  40x

 6x2  28x
48. 4x2  x  3x  6x2  4x2  6x2  x3x  2x2  2x

## When n  6: 46  70  24  70  \$94

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solutions Key

Chapter 1 continued
49. 12n  3  4n  13  12n  36  4n  52

69. 20

 16n  88

75.

70. 12

71. 15

72. 24

 3

73. 105

74. 16

 3 > 3

4 3 2 1

 2n2  11n

76.

## 51. 4x  2y  y  9x  4x  9x  2y  y  5x  y

77.

 10x  10y

82  8  3  64  8  3  64  24  88
55. A  x  y 12  5  289
2;

82.  22
88.

## 30,000  25005  30,000  12,500  \$42,500;

30,000  250010  30,000  25,000  \$55,000;

1.

 1,202,600;

## 115,000  810014  115,000  113,400  228,400 jobs

59. 149  3.85(12n  149  46.20n;

## 149  46.206  149  277.20  \$426.20

60. 37,148  15,000t; 37,148  15,0004 

## 37,148  60,000  97,148 mi

64. D

65. C

66. B

67. B

T-shirt (n)
Sweatshirts 8  n
Money

0
8
200

1
2
3
4
7
6
5
4
190 180 170 160

T-shirt (n)
Sweatshirts 8  n
Money

5
3
150

6
7
8
2
1
0
140 130 120

15n  258  n  15n  25n  200  200  10n;
The amount of money decreases by \$10 with every member who orders a t-shirt instead of a sweatshirt.
Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

85.  5

86.

16
11

87. 9

2.5,  34, 0, 1, 92

9
2

## 1.5 0.25 0.8

4 3 2 1

15
8

3. distributive property

10
1.5, 0.25, 0.8, 15
8, 3

10
3

## 4. associative property of addition

5. 12x  21  123  21

 36  21  15

 13  9  13  5  7  13  3  5
 7  13  8  73  8  523

6. 7x  9x  5  7

7. x2  5x  8  32  53  8

 9  53  8
 9  15  8  14
8.

x3

9.

x2

63. B

1
12

##  24  4n15  360  60n;

84.

2.5  4

2.

1,202,600  965,000  237,600; about 238,000 people

89.

3 2 1

 1202.61000

1
37

8
7
1
 14

83.

## 30,000  250015  30,000  37,500  \$67,500

7
2

78. associative property of multiplication 79. inverse property of addition 80. commutative property of addition
81. identity property of multiplication

68.

2.75 <

7
2

n
2

## 54. A  a  ba  a2  ab;

62. C

2.75
2 1

n  10n  n  10;
40
2 40  10  2050  1000

53. A 

1
2

 12 >  11
2

2

6 5 4 3 2 1

11

2

##  4x  1  43  44  1  64  44  1 

 64  43  64  12  76
 11x  40y  14  52  115  402  14
 25  115  402  14
 25  55  80  14  124

## 10. 3x  2y  9y  4  5x  5x  3x  2y  9y  4

 8x  11y  4
11. 3x  2  4  x  3x  6  4  x

 3x  x  6  4
 2x  10
12. 5x2  3x  8x  6  7x2  5x2  7x2  3x  8x  6

 2x2  5x  6

Chapter 1 continued
13. 4x  2x  2x2  x  43x  2x2  x

9. 2x  3  7

2x  10

 12x  2x2  2x


2x 2

0.2x  8.6

x5

 14x

11.

12

1
1
3x  2
1
1
3x  2

x  43
11
12

  12 

12.

12

11
12

4x  6  11

## Technology Activity 1.2 (p. 18)

3
2
4x  3
3
2
4x  3

  12  56

9x  8  10

4x  5
1. 42  5  16  5  21

7
7
2.

 0.875
3  5 8

x

## 3. 1  46  56  15,625

4. 35  2  33  9

## Base Salary  \$21,000

Commission Rule  0.05

7.3
 0.745
6.2  3.6

Total Sales  n
70,000  21,000  0.05n
49,000  0.05n

1  3  42
 6.759
12.
7.25

\$980,000  n

3

7
x  14
4  2

## 11. 10241  0.425  5912.099

13.

4x  14

28  x

 696.910

9.2  4.5
 7.833
9.
0.6
10.

14. 6x  4  2x  10

2x  4  3x  24

4
3
3 5.5

x2

## 13. 1.5x  9  4.5

1.5x  4.5
15. 2x  2  3x  8

8.

9x  18

5
4

x  3

 56

## 17. Subtract 5 from both sides.

18. Multiply both sides by 6.
7

## 20. Add 9 to both sides;

then divide both sides by 2. 21. Subtract 2 from each
side; then multiply both sides by 3. 22. Add 5 to both
sides; then divide both sides by 1.

Lesson 1.3
1.3 Guided Practice (p. 22)
1. An equation is a statement in which two expressions are
equal. 2. The equations have the same solution. Sample
answers: 3x  9, 3x  1  8 3. An equation such as
2x  3  10 is true for only one value of x, while an identity
such as 2x  3  2x  6 is true for all values of x.
4.

30

1
1
5x  6
1
1
5x  6

 2

  2  30

6x  5  60
6x  65

4x  7  27

3

6x3
9x

7. x  4  9

7s  14

x5

s2
72  29  15

27.

3m  36

7
a  21
6  2

7
2

m  12

  13  9   8
7
2

15n  9  21
15n  12
4
n  12
15  5

8. 4x  24

26. m  30  6  2m

6a  21

2x  6  3x  3

7s  29  15

4x  20

3a  13  9a  8

5. 2x  3  3x  1

## 6. Add 8 to each side; then divide each side by 2.

24.

45  7  27
25.

x   65
6

x5

23.

1545   9  21

12  30  6  24
28.

2b  11  15  6b
8b  4
b  12

212   11  15  612 

x6

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
2x  6  2x  4

29.

35.

2x  12  2x  8

4x  4
x  1

12x  36
x3
433  1  103  4  143)
48  10  42

37.

31.  x  2  2x  2x  1

48x  23

x0

39.

 17
20

## 2.7n  4.3  12.94 38.

4.2n  7.56
n  1.8
4.21.8  6.5  14.06
7.56  6.5  14.06

## 3.1x  2  1.5x  5.2x  4

1.6x  6.2  5.2x  20.8

12  4x  5  4x  12

3.6x  27.0

8x  19

x  7.5

19
x
8

## 3.17.5  2  1.57.5  5.27.5  4

3.19.5  11.25  5.23.5

24  19
19  24
4
 5  4

8 
8
5
5
   5 
2
2
4 3 

4

x

  1720
  1720
  1720
  1720

7
 23
48  10
7
 23  23
40  10
 23 2340 28
 23  51
40
17
20

7
2

 


x   23
48

 23 65

## 2.73.2  4.3  12.94

x  0

12
3





 

85
12  2
3 17
4 3  2
3 17  6
4
3
3
11
4
3

85
12
11
4
11
4
11
4
11
4

n  3.2

3x  2  2x  2

6

7
60 45x  15
  60  1720

2.7n  8.64

x  2  2x  2x  2

3
2x

7
 45x  15
 17
20

11
4

12x  85

 


12x  4  24x  40

 1  2x  5

  20 

x

## 12x  4  10x  40  14x

33.

 11
4

48x  28  51

21  6  21  4
3 4
4 5

7
 2365x  10
  1720

36.

12x  30  55

7
2x

  114

3 4
4 5x  2
3
3
5x  2
3
3
20 5x  2

34.

12

40.

6.6x  23.7
x  3.59

1
5
2x  3
1
5
2x  3

 12x

19
4

##   12 12x  194 

6x  20  6x  57

4  1  24  5

12x  77

 

x  77
12

1 77
5
2 12  3
77
5
24  3
5
24 77
24  3

19
  1277
12   4
19
  77
24  4

19
  24 77
24  4 

## 2.53.59  3  1.73.59  10.83.59  1.5

2.56.59  6.103  10.82.09
16.475  6.103  22.572
41. 1410x  24  504

## 140x  336  504

140x  840
x6
length  36; width  14

77  40  77  114

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
0  32

11  x  3x  2  x  2  23

x  3x  x  11  2  2  23
3x  11  23

53. 7x  14  3x  4x  14

3x  12

4x  14  4x  14
all real numbers
54. 11x  3  2x  6x  24  7x

## side lengths: 7, 10, 6

5
109.3  32
9

44. x 

13x  3  13x  24

5
101.1  32
9

5
x  141.3
9

x

x  78.5C

x  38.4C

5
69.1
9

0  27
no solution
55. 24  3x  7  2x  6  8x

8  6x  7  2x  6  8x

is approximately 38.4C and
normal is 38.6C.
46. 287.25  6.50x  255

175  35x

5hx

6.50x  52
x8h

0.05x  31,750

4x  160

x  \$635,000

x  40 points

49.

## all real numbers

no solution

x4

43. x 

52. 3x  15  3x  15

51. 5x  20  5x  12

## 450  200  4x  120  4x

450  320  8x

6x  1  6x  6
07
no solution
56. 10  5x  3  2x  7  3x

10  5x  10  5x
all real numbers
1.3 Mixed Review (p. 24)
57. 5 in.2  25 in.2  78.5 in.2

## 60. 9 in.2  81 in.2

61. 24  9  7  24  16  8
62. 16  38  4  16  34  16  12  4
63. 3  61  32  3  622  3  64

130  8x

 3  24  21

16.25 ft  x

3

 28  43

## 240.5  x  2100  630

81  2x  200  630
2x  430  81
x

430  81
2

x  27.9 m
b. \$5250 
c.

1m
 500 m
\$10.50

 16  12  4
65. 24  3  8  3  11
66. 86  2  36  84  36  32  18  50
67. 53  7  23  15  7  6  28
68. 65  325  4  30  310  4

 30  314  30  42  12
69. 37  x  8x  21  3x  8x  21  5x

## 500  2x  40.5  2100

70. 28  x  2x  x  16  2x  2x  x  16  3x

## 500  2x  81  200

71. 4x  6  3x  4x  6  3x  7x  6

300  81
x
2

## 73. 3x  9  24  x  3x  27  8  2x  x  35

74. 4x  3  2x  7  4x  12  2x  14

7.25 m  x
Yes; with 500 m of fencing a fence can be built with
a 7.25 m gap between the track and the fence.

 6x  2
75. 2

x2

 2  x 

x2

 7  2x 2  4  x  x 2  7
 3x 2  x  11

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
76. 2x2  81  3x2  2x2  162  3x2  x2  162

4. 4x  8y  17

8y  17  4x

2
2
2
2
77. x  5x  3x  7x  x  5x  3x  21x

y

 4x2  16x
78. 4x2  2x2  3x  6x  8  4x 2  2x 2  6x  6x  8

y2
y1
2
3
0
0
3
2
6
4
9
6
8 12
10 15

y
4.

x  2
5.

6.

y1
16
12
8
4
0
4
8

y2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

x
3
2
1
0
1
2

xy  8  2x
y

10.

y1
22
18
14
10
6
2

y2
34
24
14
4
6
16

y2
24
21
18
15
12
9

x1

8  2x
x

A  ab

8.

x
3
2
1
0
1
2

y2
y1
24 11
22
6
20
1
18 4
16 9
14 14

x2

2,

6
5,

0,

 85;

1. formula

9.

3
x4
20

2
1
x  y  12
3
2
1
2
 y  12  x
2
3
4
y  x  24
3
157 in.2
5 in.

12. a.

4x  9y  30
43  9y  30
9y  18
y2

13. a.

5x  7y  12
51  7y  12

y  1
Method 2

y

a  10 in.

7y  7

3
5y  20  x
4

## major axis  20 in.

5  7y  12
Lesson 1.4

3
x  5y  20
4

11. a 

A
a
b

x  1

x
y1
3 48
2 33
1 18
0
3
1
12
2
27

7.

3
y x3
5
8. xy  2x  8

9  5x
3

5
y x3
3

15  3x
5

9y  30  12

x1
7.

x
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
x3

y2
y1
x
3
1
33
2 1
23
1 3
13
5
0
3
7 7
1
2
9 17
3
11 27

y

5y  15  3x

2. True; y1  y2 when x  3.

x
3
2
1
0
1
2
3

17  4x
8

6. 5y  3x  15

## 1. False; y1  y2 when x  2.

3.

3y  9  5x

1
17
y x
2
8

 2x2  12x  8
Technology Activity 1.3 (p. 25)

5. 5x  3y  9

b. 4x  9y  30

9y  30  4x
y

30  4x
9

y

30  43
9

y

30  12
9

y

18
2
9

b. 5x  7y  12

7y  12  5x
y

12  5x
7

y

12  5  1
7

7
y    1
7

2. B and C

## 3. Subtract p2C from each side; then divide both sides by

P1.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
14. a.

xy  3x  25

19. a.

xy  3x  30

b. xy  3x  30

xy  30  3x

 15y  315  30

5y  35  25

y

30  3x
x

y

30  3  15
15

xy  25  3x

y

y

25  3x
x

30  45
15

y

y

25  35
5

15
1
15

5y  25  15

15y  45  30

5y  10

15y  15

y2

y1

b. xy  3x  25

20. a.

47  7y  7  0

25  15 10

2
5
5
9y  4x  16
b. 9y  4x  16
y

15. a.

9y  48  16

y

28  7y  7  0
7y  21  0
7y  21

9y  16  4x

9y  16

y

16
9

16  4x
9

y3
b. 4x  7y  7  0

16  4  8
y
9

7y  4x  7

16  32 16
y

9
9
16. a.

y  2x  11

b. y  2x  11

y  24  11

y  2x  11

y  8  11

17. a.

y  2x  11

y  19

y  24  11

y  19

y  8  11  19

x  3y  55
20  3y  55
35  3y
35
y
3

x  3y  55

b.

55  x  3y
55  x
y
3
55  20
y
3
35
y
3

18. a.

x  24  xy
12  24  12y
36  12y
3y

b. x  24  xy

xy  x  24

4x  7y  7  0

21. a.

y

4x  7
7

y

4  7  7
7

y

28  7
7

y

21
3
7

6x  5y  44  0
64  5y  44  0
24  5y  44  0
5y  20  0
5y  20
y  4

b. 6x  5y  44  0

5y  44  6x
y

44  6x
5

y

x  24
x

y

44  64
5

y

12  24
12

y

44  24
5

y

36
3
12

y

20
 4
5

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
22. a.

1
2x

 45y  19

1
2 6

 45y
 45y
 45y

b.

1
2x

 45y  19

 19

5
y   95
4  8x

 19

y   5419  12

 16

y   54
3
4x
3
4

A
p
2w

 6

9
  11
y  12

1.75 cm  p
S  2r2  2rh

9
  11
y

S  2r2
h
2r

9
  11
y

y

b.
3
4x

 12 

9
 11y
9
 11
y

h
23.143 in.

 12

h
18.84 in.

y
 
y

y

y
 y

3
 11
9 4 x  12
3
 11
9 4 10  12
15
 11
9 2  12
15  24
 11
9
2
9
 11
9 2
11
2

48.48 in.2
h
18.84 in.
2.57 in.  h
P  2x  2r
25.

C
r
2

1
V  r2h
3

## 440 yd  2110 yd

r
23.14

3V
h
r2
27.

440 yd  220 yd
r
6.28

I  Prt

220 yd
r
6.28

I
P
rt

2A  bh

35.0 yd  r

2A
b
h

T  mL  21

33.

C

28.

P  2x
r
2

3V  r2h

1
A  bh
2

26.

P  2r  2x

32.

y

C  2r

24.

S  2rh  2r2

31.

9
  11
y

3
4x

22 cm2
p
12.56 cm

 16  20

 10   119 y  12

15
2  12
15  24
2
 92
11
2

22 cm2
p
23.142 cm

y   5419  3

y  20
23. a.

A  2pw

30.

 45y  19  12x

5
F  32
9

9
C  F  32
5
9
C  32  F
5

29.

1
A  b1  b2h
2

T
 L  21
m

2A  b1  b2h

T
 21  L
m

2A
 b1  b2
h
2A
 b1  b2
h

T
 21
m

34. L 

L

500
 21
55

L  9.09  21
L  30 days

35.

1629652
965)2  6562

W
R
 2
T
R  A2

36. W 

TR2
R2  A2

W

162931,225
931,225  430,336

W

150,858,450
1,361,561

W

## W  110.8  111 games

38. 5; R represents total revenue in dollars, p1 is the price of a
visor in dollars, V is the total number of visors sold, p2 is the
price in dollars for a baseball cap, and C is the total number of
baseball caps sold.

10

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
4480  3V  7C

39.

4480  3V  7C
3
640  V  C
7

45. a. R  0.00256  DC  FA  s2

3
7

a. 640  210  C

DC 

640  90  C
550  C

3
7

b. 640  280  C

## 210 visors, 550 caps

640  120  C

c. 640  1470  C

C  2r

DC 

50
129.6

DC  0.386
1.4 Mixed Review (p. 32)

51. 2x

 

C
A
2

53.

C2
A
4

47. 30  x

52.

23
b; b 
h
h
2
2

 

1 3
b
a. A  b
2
2

42
x

54. 44 ft  74 ft  12 ft

3

56.

3 yd
 12 sec  10 yd  36 yd  10 yd  26 yd
1 sec

57.

\$15
 8 h  \$45  \$120  \$45  \$165
1h

58. 3d  16  d  4

 10r 

3x  18
x  6

d  10
60.

h2

a. S  2r3r  5 

5  x  23  2x
5  3x  23

2d  20

1 23
h h
2 3
3

59.

2d  16  4

b2

10y  1  y  4

61. p  16  4  42  p

p  12  8  4p

10y  10  y  4

42. h  3r  5

5p  12  8

9y  10  4
2r2
2r2

S  10r  8r2

y

##  30  72  102

14
9

p4

62. 10x  5x  5

 320

8z  56

5
x   15

##  40  128  168

x

 528
S  106  862

63. 12z  4z  56

15x  5

S  104  84

64.

2
3x

z  7

 13
3

65.  4 x  19  11

71
2
3x

##  60  288  348

 4x  30

8

x  40

x  12

 1093
44. B

5p  20

9y  14

b. S  103  832

43. C

50.

7
3
1210
8 L  88 L  48 L

3

S

49. 250  x

7m
 60 min  420 m
1 min

168 h
 52 weeks  8736 h
1 week
1

1
2

6r2

48. 55x

55. 134 L  88 L

41. A  bh

A

50
0.00256  25  2025

46. 1.85x

C
r
2

b. A 

DC 

10  C
1470 visors, 10 caps

A

50
0.00256  25  452

640  630  C

## 280 visors, 520 caps

40.

b. DC 

3
7

520  C

R
0.00256  FA  s2

66.

1
4x
1
4x

 38  15  15 x
1

 5x  5  8

## 4014 x  15 x  15  38 40

10x  8x  8  15
18x  7
x

7
 18

67.

5
4x
5
4x

 34  56 x  12

 56 x  34  12

## 1254 x  56 x  34  12 12

15x  10x  9  6
5x  15
x3
Algebra 2

## Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

11

Chapter 1 continued
16. total calories  T;

Lesson 1.5

## 1.5 Guided Practice (p. 37)

1. A verbal model is an equation written in words. The ver-

## bal model is used to write an algebraic model by translating

the words into mathematical symbols. 2. Write out verbal
model, label everything, write algebraic model, solve equation, answer the question. 3. The diagram helps you see
how to express the numbers of gallons used in town in terms
of x, the label given to the number of gallons used on the
highway.
4.

Water
pressure

Pressure
per foot
of depth

Depth

## number of grams of carbohydrate  c;

T  9f  4p  4c
17. 529.9  90.3  4p  4127.7

## 18. 20x  529

x  26.45
27 weeks

4p  16.4

lb
ft2

p  4.1g
19. Total km  37.9 km;

lb
ft2

## Great Britain rate  0.63 kmmonth;

France rate  0.47 kmmonth;

7. d  35 ft

## France time  x  2.5

37.9  0.63x  0.47x  2.5

## 1.5 Practice and Applications (pp. 3739)

8. distance  547 km; rate  32

x  35.5

547
 17.1 h
10. t 
32

## France: 35.5 months  2.5 months  33 months

France:

beats
;
12. metronome marking  80
min
length of musical piece  t min);

beats
number of beats per measure  3
measure

33 months 

## 14. t  6.75; 6 min 45 sec

Calories
per gram
of fat

Number
of grams
of protein

0.63 km
 35.5 months  22.4 km
1 month

1 year
 2 years 9 months
12 months

## 13. 80t  1803; 80t  540

15.

0.47 km
 33 months  15.5 km
1 month

Great Britain:

6. 2184  62.4d

Calories
per gram
of protein

## number of grams of protein  p;

529.9  4p  513.5

depth  d ft

Total
calories

9. 547  32t

5
8

## 20. 375  80  80x



Number
of grams
of fat

375  y  50  804
375  y  370

375  50  80x

y  5

80x  325

y5

x  4.06


of carbohydrate

## 280C  50  720  75  375

Number of
grams of
carbohydrates

280C  470
C  \$1.68 per page
22. 72  x  x  6

72  2x  6
66  2x
33  x
39 in., 33 in.
12

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
23. 480  2w  2w  30

## 41. 23x  1  5  x  3 42.

 14  2x  56

480  2w  2w  60

6x  2  5  x  3

420  4w

7x  2  2

113x   56  14

7x  4

 43x  1012 3

105  w

x

width: 105 ft

4
7

x  13
16

24. 45 blocks

3y  24

x4

y  8
2 1
3
1
z  z
4
3 2
4

3.

0.77  0.72
 74.5  75%
2

3z  8  6z  9

3z  8  9

z

## 28. 407.50  57.501.5  I per week

0.4x  20  0.2x  12
0.2x  20  12
0.2x  32
x  160

## \$356.25  I per week

\$356.25  52  I per year
\$18,525  I
D
1

29. 260  12 x  5x

## 30. Profit per

13
2x

sculpture  \$6.50

x  40

## First lesson costs 240  \$60

3

Number of weeks  x

\$45.50x  \$360
x  7.9
It would take 8 weeks.

7.

3y  14  4x

9  3x
y
5

4
14
y x
3
3

9
3
y x
5
5

4
14
y  2 
3
3

9
3
y   2 
5
5

y

6 9
y 
5 5

6
y    2
3

2A  d1d2

8 14

3
3

3
5

1
A  d1d2
2
2A
 d1
d2

## 1.5 Mixed Review (p. 39)

6. 4x  3y  14

5y  9  3x

y

\$6.507x  \$360

33. false

17
3

5. 3x  5y  9

3z  17

## The ball must bounce 4 times.

32. true

1
2
1
3
12 z 
 12 z 
4
3
2
4

3 m  0.75  2.25 m

31. true

3y  8  16

5x  20

3.85
 0.77
5

260 

2. 6y  8  3y  16

1. 5x  9  11

2.88
 0.72
4

27.

 2x  14   56

 43x   13
12

length: 135 ft

26.

2
3x
2
3x

## 8. 2.80x  16.80  154

2.80x  137.20
x  49
She needs to sell an

34. false
2

39. 6x  5  17

6x  12
x2

## 38.  3, 1, 2, 5 , 10

40.

5x  4  7x  12
2x  4  12
2x  16
x  8

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

13

Chapter 1 continued
Math and History (p. 40)
1

1. 700 84  83

2. 3 400  267
2

1
2 400
1
3 400
1
4 400

inequality.

## 3. In solving 2x < 7, we divide both sides by 2x <

; but
in 2x < 7, we divide by 2, therefore, we need to
reverse the inequality x >  72.

 200
 133

4. x  5 < 8

 100

13

x < 13

6. x  4 > 3

x > 1

## 0 < 4, 3 > 10

0  2 < 4  2 and 3  2 > 10  2
2 < 6

1 > 8

and
true

2 < 2

7.

1
2x

3 2 1

12 15 18

0 < 2 and

> 5

true
02 < 42 and 32 > 102
6 > 20
0 < 8 and
false
and

0 < 2 and

3
2

12 10 8 6 4 2

9. x  3 < 5

x < 2

2 1

x > 2

and  32 >  10
2
 32

8. x  8 > 2

5 > 12

and

and
6 > 20
0 < 8
true

4
2

12 15 18

x 12

true

<

x > 10

0
2

x < 1

4
2

x 5

## Activity (p. 41)

<

5. 3x 15

Lesson 1.6

0
2

7
2

>

10
2

3
2

> 5

false
3. If you add the same number to both sides of a true
inequality, it produces another true inequality. If you
subtract the same number from both sids of a true
inequality, it produces another true inequality. If you multiply or divide both sides of a true inequality by the same
positive number, it produces another true inequality. If
you multiply or divide both sides of a true inequality by
the same negative number, it does not produce another
true inequality.
1.6 Guided Practice (p. 45)
1. A simple linear inequality has only one inequality sym-

10. 2 x < 5

5
6 4 2

11. x 3 or x < 3

3 2 1

## 50 < 59F  32 < 140

90 < F  32 < 252
58 < F < 284
1.6 Practice and Applications (pp. 4547)
13. C

14. A

15. D

19. 2x  9 < 16

16. B

17. F

20. 10  x 3

x 7

2x < 7
x <

7
2

x 7

no

yes

21. 7x  12 < 8

22.  3 x  2 4

 13x 2

7x < 20
x <
no

18. E

20
7

x 6
yes

## bol, which is used to describe the relationship between

two quantiites or expressions. A compound linear
inequality consists of two simple linear inequalities
joined by and or or.

14

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
24. 8 < x  11 < 6

23. 3 < 2x 6
3
2

< x 3

26. 7  n 19

4x > 20

n 12

1
2x

2x 22
11

5 4 3 2 1

12 10 8 6 4 2

1
3n

31. 4x  1 > 14  x

1

32.

4x > 15  x

10

x 6

or

12 15 18

or

2x > 10
x < 5

12 3x 6

x  3 10
x 7

10

0.5
0

2.5
2

or

or

x > 6

x < 4

or

x > 6

38. 16 3x  4 2

4 3 2 1

or 2x  1 > 11

3
10 8 6 4 2

or

or

7

2

10

## 49. \$1250  0.05x \$1500

4 x 2
6

x > 0
0

46. x  1 5

3 2 1

x < 7

2x > 0

6 5 4 3 2 1

2

x > 7

5 x 18

10

x < 0

12 18 24

5  5x > 12  4x

37. 2 x  7 11

or

2n 14

8  2x > 8

x > 0.52

5 4 3 2 1

2n  8 6

2

3 2 1

0.52
1

10

2x > 0

x < 4

1
4

n 7
8

x 6

or

34. 2n  4 6

x < 6
6

1
4

or x  4 2

8n  6 < 4

3x < 12 or

n >

n  6 < 7n  4

3 2 1

2

6 < x < 21

2

x > 3
1

1 < x < 1

8n < 2

12 6

5x > 15

2 1

6 < 6x < 6

43. x  2 5

n 3
4

< 9

## 41. 7 < 6x  1 < 5

3 2 1

30. 5  3 n 6

x < 6
0

29. 2 x  7 < 2

4 2

21

> 2

x > 4

x 11

3
2x

28. 2 x  4 > 6

27. 5  2x 27

0
3 2 1

15 12 9 6 3

3
2
3
2

6 5 4 3 2 1

n 12

x > 5
1

3 n <

6 n 1

no

25. 4x  5 > 25

3 < 2n 6

1 n 6

3 < x < 5

yes

## 40. 2 < 2n  1 7

39. 5 n  6 0

0.05x \$250
1

x \$5000
Your sales need to be greater than or equal to \$5000.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

15

Chapter 1 continued
50. \$50 \$25  \$15  \$.75x

x1 < x

x < x1

\$10 \$0.75x
1313

1 < 0

You can play the game 13 times. If you play the game
13 times, pay the fee, and pay for food you will spend
\$49.75.
90 0.486  0.6x

51.

55.6 0.6x

## 62. inverse property of addition

9223 x
Her score needs to be greater than or equal to 93, and less
than or equal to 100.

## 63. commutiative property of addition

64. distributive property
65. 5x  4  2x  3

## 54. Sample answer: high 80F

x   10
18

x   10
7

x   59

67.  x  1  10  3x  3

55 F 80
 32 80
48

x  1  10  3x  9

## 12.78 K  273.15 26.67

x  11  3x  9

285.93 K 299.82

2x  2

12.78 C 26.67
55.

6.5 <

60
30

18x  10

7x  10

low 55F

50
30

6  2x  16x  16

7x  4   6

184 K 242

9
5C
9
5C

5x  4  2x  6

## 53. 89.15 K  273.15 31.15

23

This is a true statement, therefore all real numbers are solutions to x < x  1.

90 34.4  0.6x

55

0 < 1

## This is a false statement,

therefore x  1 < x has no
solution.

c

2.83 < c

56.

5 >

50
30

60
30

x  1

c

5 > 3.67  c
1.33 > c

## a  c > b  c. If a, b, and c are real numbers such that

a > b and c > 0 then ac > bc. If a, b, and c are real
a b
numbers such that a > b and c > 0 then > . If a, b,
c
c
and c are real numbers such that a > b and c < 0 then
ac < bc. If a, b, and c are real numbers such that
a b
a > b and c < 0 then < .
c
c

68.

8

1
8x
1
8x

 32  34x  1

3
2

  8

3
4x

 1

x  12  6x  8
5x  20

69. t 

48 mi
40 mih

t  115 h
t  1 h 12 min

x4
Technology 1.6 Activity (p. 48)
1. 4x  5 11

2. 5x  6 14

## 58. a. 10 < x < 160

b. The triangle inequality theorem says that the distance

## between Lake Tahoe and Sanora has to be less than

160. 170 is greater than 160, therefore it must be a
misprint.
c. A. 35 mi  65 mi > 45 mi B. 15mi  50 mi > 64 mi

100 mi > 45 mi

65 mi > 64 mi

okay

okay

C. 49 mi  28 mi > 78 mi

x 4
3. 2x  7 > 1

D. 55 mi  72 mi > 41 mi

77 mi > 78 mi

127 mi > 41 mi

not okay

okay
x > 3

16

x 4
4. 4x  2 < 18

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

x < 4

Chapter 1 continued
6. x  5 3

5. 0.5x  2 1

 
x  3

3 2 1

 
x 3

3 2 1

3 2 1

d. 3x  9

3, 3

e. 3x 9

3 x 3
x 6

x 8

3x 9
x 3

f.

8. 0.5x  1.5 3

7. 6x  3 > 9

x 3 or x 3

g. x  1  2

x  1  2

x  1 or

x3

h. x  1 2

10. 4  x 2  2 x

9. 5x < 4x  6

x12

2 1

x 9

x < 2

or

2 1

2 x  1 2

1 x 3

x  1 2

i.

x  1 2 or x  1 2
x 1 or

4 x

x < 6

12. 2x  1 <

11. 3x  4 2x  5

7
3

2 1

 43x

x 3
2

Drawing Conclusions
1. Sample answer: One solution is positive and one solution

is negative; no (for example, x  5  1 has two positive solutions); no (for example, x  5  0 has only
one solution.

## 2. Sample answer: The solutions are compound and

x 9

x < 5
14. 8  4x 5  x

13. 5  5x > 12  4x

## inequalities; the solutions would also use the < sign.

3. Sample answer: The solutions are compound or

## inequalities; the solutions would also use the > sign.

Lesson 1.7
1.7 Guided Practice (p. 53)
1. the numbers distance from zero on a number line

x 1

x < 7



3. 5  5; one; 5

## Developing Concepts Activity 1.7 (p. 49)

Exploring the Concept



2. a. x  4

4, 4



b. x 4

4 x 4



c. x 4

x 4 or x 4

4.

6 4 2

6 4 2





3x  8  20
?
34  8  20
?
12  8  20

6 4 2

## 2. If a is a negative number, then a is a positive number.

4  20

5.




11  4x  7
?
11  41  7

77

yes

no

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

17

Chapter 1 continued
6.

2x  9  11
?
2

1
   9  11
?
2  9  11

7.

x  9  4
?
 5  9  4
?
5  9  4

6  3x  0
?
6  32  0
?
6  6  0

9.

5x  3  8
?
51  3  8
?
5  3  8

6  40 ? 14

14  14

30.

4n  7  1
?
42  7  1

14. 10  3x 17

5  2x  13
20. 5n  4  16 or

 12

5n  4  16

22  3n  5

or

17
3

3n  27
n9

or
or

2n  5  7

2n  12

or

2n  2

n6

or

n  1

8x  22
x

11
4

or 8x  1  23
or

8x  24

or

x  3

37. 30  7x  4

30  7x  4

or

22. 2  x  3 or

2  x  3

or

24. 2 x  4  6 or

15  2x  8

1
2x

x
38.

1
4x

 4  6

27.

8  2n  2
?
8  25  2

18  2

no

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

58
1
4x

 9  18
39.

26
7

14x  5  8

25. 3 x  9  18 or

18

x3

7x  26 or

2x  1  5

no

or

8x  1  23

or

13  11

x2

36. 8x  1  23

18. 5  2x  13 or

x  8  11

4x  12

2n  5  7

?
43  1  11

or

## The weight can range between 19.55 oz and 20.45 oz,

inclusive.

4x  1  11

or 10  4x  2

4x  8

35. 2n  5  7

19.55 x 20.45

23. 15  2x  8 or

n

0.45 x  20 0.45

21. 2x  1  5 or

x  8

3n  17 or

16. x  20 0.45

6n  1 

or

22  3n  5

## 18 < 14x  10 < 18

19. 6n  1 

x  3

< 18

1
2

2x  16

34. 22  3n  5

10  3x 17 or 10  3x 17

17. x  8  11 or

or

10  4x  2

9 x  5 9

1
4

or 11  2x  5

2x  6

13. x  5 9

 x  10

33. 10  4x  2

## 9  x < 21 or 9  x > 21

26.

34  5  7
12  5  7

11  2x  5

12. 9  x > 21

3x  5  7

77

11  2x 13 or 11  2x 13

2
3x

31.

15  1

no

no

11. 11  2x 13

15.

04

32. 11  2x  5

5 < x  8 < 5

1
5

yes

10. x  8 < 5

 x  2 ? 4
 10  2  4
1
5

no

yes

29.

yes

28

00

1
2

6  20  14

no

yes

6  x ? 14
1
2

14  4

11  11

8.

28.

or

x  52

or

x  12

7x  34
x  34
7

1
or 4x  5  8

 13

2
3 x  2  10
2
3 x  2  10
2
3x  8

30  7x  4

or
or
or

1
4x

 3

x  12
2
3x

 2  10
2
3x

 12

x  18

Chapter 1 continued
40.

 x  3  2
1
2
1
2x

32
1
2x

or

 3  2
1
2x

5

or
x  10 or

41. 3  4x 15
1
2x

15 3  4x 15

53. 14  3x > 18

3x > 4

1

45. 8  3n 18

2x  1 12 or 2x  1 12

18 8  3n 18

 15
2 < x <

48. 12  x 19

8 < x  1 < 8

7 x 31

49. 16  x 10

x 26

x 6

or

x 26

14 21 28 35

x  15
2

1
2

10 8 6 4 2
1

1
2x

52

28

18
7

4 < x <

x > 40
0

58. 11  6x 47

47 11  6x 47

58 6x 36
 29
3 x 6

12 15 18

52. x  16 > 24

x  16 > 24

6 4 2

13

x < 52

18
7

3 x 13

< 26

10

5 x  8 5

1
2x

> 14 or

x > 28 or

x < 17

or

1
or 20  2x < 6

56. 20  2 x > 6

51. x  8 5

8

or

or x  5 < 12

8x 60

## 23 < 7x  5 < 23

17

or

1
2

57. 7x  5 < 23

50. x  5 > 12

x > 7

8x 4

6050403020 10

12 18 24 30 36

x  5 > 12

or 8x  28 32

15

26

2

or 16  x 10
or

20  12x > 6

x 6

8 6 4 2

31

5
2

31 x 7

7

16  x 10

12

5
2

8x  28 32

31 x 7
7

55. 8x  28 32

19 12  x 19

9 < x < 7

15

2

47. x  1 < 8

46. 11  4x < 23

9 6 3

32
3

7 < 3x  2 < 7

44. 2x  1 12

6 3

32
3

54. 4x  10 < 20

43. 3x  2 < 7

x >

or

3

## 3x < 32

or

 43

x <

x2

42. 4n  12 > 16

or 14  3x < 18

14  3x > 18

29

3

or x  16 < 24
or

16 24 32 40

x < 8

12 9 6 3

59. x  1 < 3

4 < x < 2

60.

 x 
2
3

1
3

1
3

0 x 1

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

19

Chapter 1 continued

61. 2x  4 > 10

62.

x > 7 or x < 3

 x  1 3
1
2

76. h  2.26

 51.6  66.4

h  183 3

4 x 8

3.42

3 h  183 3

63. 4x  10 > 6

x > 4 or x < 1

180 h 186

64. 1  2x 13

77. 3x  7  14

x < 6 or x 7

3x  7  14

## 0.26 p  3.49 0.26

3.23 p 3.75
B

3.23 3.75
0

3
16
3
73
3
 16
x  8 16
15
5
816 x 916
15
between 816 in. and

5
916
in., inclusive.

14
3

2x  3 13

2x 16

or

2x 10

x 8

or

x 5

74. d  50 50

## 10 < 3x  8 < 10

18 < 3x < 2

0 5x 4







Weight range
not recommended
v  270 > 10 g
b  625 > 25 g
w  425 > 25 g
l  145.5 > 3.5 g
f  14.5 > 0.5 g







2 5x  2 2

0 x

2
6 < x < 3

 45

no solution

83. 4x  2 > 6

Weight range
of ball used
v  270 10 g
b  625 25 g
w  425 25 g
l  145.5 3.5 g
f  14.5 0.5 g







no solution

C  384 9.6

20

3x 14

x 8 or

81. 5x  2 2

3x 24 or

or

70. w  16 0.4

## 71. 24  16.4 oz  393.6 oz greatest

73.

3x  5 19 or 3x  5 19

72.

79. 3x  5 19

2x  3 13

68. I  89 5

69. t  98.6 1

Sport
Volleyball
Water polo
Lacrosse
Football

80. 2x  3 13

67. x  p

Sport
Volleyball
Water polo
Lacrosse
Football

3.12 3.86

x  3

3 < x < 6

3.12 p 3.86

3x  7

or

6 < 2x < 12

or

x7

3 < 2x  9 < 3

3x  21

78. 2x  9 < 3

## 66. p  3.49 0.37

or 3x  7  14









1 L: c  1000 > 5
500 mL: c  500 > 2

4x  2 > 6

or

4x  2 < 6

4x > 4

or

4x < 8

x > 1

or

x < 2

84. 6  2x > 8

or

6  2x < 8

or

2x < 2

x < 7

or

6  2x > 8

x > 1

85. 7  3x 14

14 7  3x 14
7 3x 21
7 x  37

no solution

## 75. 2 L: c  2000 > 9

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued

4. 3x  5 11 or 2x  3 > 3

86. x  a < b

b < x  a < b

3x 6

or

2x > 6

b  a < x < b  a

x 2

or

x > 3

87. x  a > b

x < a  b or

3 2 1

or x  a > b

x  a < b

x 2a or

x  9 or

x 0

x1

6  x  9

## not 14. 92. False; a rectangle is a square only when its

length and width are equal. 93. 56  9  21
94. 214  4  24
96. 84  3  29
98. 152   83  
1

61
6

## 95. 113  6  27

1
5

86  136  10

## 28 < 2x < 4

14 < x < 2

or

x5

x  8

3x  27 or

x < 1

x9

106. x  2 1 or 4x 8

x 3 or x 2

3y > 21

x 5

3.

y < 7
5

8 < 3x  4 < 22

or y  2 3

y2 3

y 5

or

8 6 4 2

1210 8 6 4 2

12. x  6 < 4

4 < x  6 < 4

## 10 < x < 2

7
12 10 8 6 4 2

13. x  3 > 7

4 < x < 6

or x  3 < 7

x3 > 7

x < 4

x > 10 or
6 4 2

x1

or

5

2. 2y  9 > 5y  12

3x  3

11. y  2 3

## Quiz 3 (p. 56)

4x 20

x  16
3

or

15  3x  12 or 15  3x  12

y 1

1. 4x  3 17

3x  16

10. 15  3x  12

4x < 4

## 105. 18 < 2x  10 < 6

4x  20

3x  24 or

104. 13  4x < 9

x 5

or

 32

3x  4  20 or 3x  4  20

x 15

103. 3x  5 10
3x 15

4x  6
x

2x 30

1
3

4x  7  13 or 4x  7  13

102. 15  2x 45

6x > 2

x  3

or

8. 4x  7  13

27

101. 6x  9 > 11

x  3

9. 3x  4  20

100. 5 5  3  7   5
1

x  15

99.

or 6  x  9

x  15 or

## 91. False; if x  7, then 2x  27  14,

x >

x5

or

7. 6  x  9

0 x 2a

x  1

x  3  2 or x  3  2

a x  a a

6. x  3  2

89. x  a a

x  5  4 or x  5  4

x  a a or x  a a

90. true

5. x  5  4

x > ba

88. x  a a

4

10

6 3

12

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

21

Chapter 1 continued

13. 5x  3  18

14. 2y  5 3

1 y 4

or 2x  3 < 1

Check:
2
3 9

or

2x < 2

x > 2

or

x < 1

15.

651

18  18

11

 40

16. 2  3a  4  a

 40

4a  2
a   12

16  16

or

7
2

## 17. 8z  6  16

4x 18

or

x 2

 34y

Check:
Check:
1
3
1
1
2 32   4 32  40 2  3 2   4  2
4
3
8
1
16  24  40
2  2  2  2

or 4x  5 13

4x 8

 92

4x  4  6  3x

8z  32
0

x  10

z4

17. 20 e 28

18. d  30 0.045

## 20 migal  16 gal  320 mi

0.045 d  30 0.045

## 28 migal  16 gal  448 mi

between 320 mi and 448 mi;
inclusive

29.955 d 30.045
between 29.955 mm and
30.045 mm, inclusive

x  10

Check:

Check:

84  6  16

82  16

 72

## 18. 4x  4  32  x

8z  48  16

9
2

8 6 4 2

51

15  3  18

y  32

16. 4x  5 13

4x  5 13

1
2y
5
4y

6

n9

53  3  18
5

2x > 4

2 1

2
3n

Check:

15. 2x  3 > 1

2x  3 > 1

51

x  3

2 2y 8

2
3n

5x  15

3 2y  5 3

1

14.

40  4  312

16  16

36  36

19. 5x  y  10

y  10  5x
Chapter 1 Review (p. 58)
1.

 6

0.2

4 3 2 1

20. x  4y  8

6
5

y  5x  10
4y  x  8

y

##  , 6, 2, 0.2, 65

2.

3 2 1

22.

3
4

1.75  3
0

5. 18

y  0.2x  7

23. 5x  6y  12  0

6y   5x  12

y  56x  2

24. x  2xy  1

2xy  1  x

## 8. 322  52 2  1  17

2

9. 7y  2x  5x  3y  2x  5x  4y

y

## 10. 43  x  5x  6  12  4x  5x  30  x  18

11. 6x2  3x  5x2  2x  11x2  x
12. 2x2  x  3x2  4x  2x 2  2x  3x 2  12x

 x2  14x

22

2

2x  3y  9

6. 13

y  23x  3

## 3, 1.75,  43, 34, 3

3. distributive property

 14x

3y  2x  9

3
1

## 21. 0.1x  0.5y  3.5

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

25.

1  x x  1

2x
2x

P  2l  2w
2l  2w  P
l  w  12P

Chapter 1 continued
27. 325 mi  55 miht

F  95C  32

26.

t  5 h 55 min

 95C  32  F
C

5
9 F

2x > 16

2.
8

10

5x 15

5x 25

5 4 3 2 1

0.8

1
2

3
2

##  32,  23, 0, 23, 32

3

4
1

2
3

3

3.

x 3

x 5

1.2

 2 1  2

31. 3x  4 2x  19

30. 12  5x 13

1.6

x > 8
2

2

29. 2x  10 > 6

d  14 mi

0.98
1 0.9

1.95

\$1.35d  \$18.90

1.

 32

## Chapter 1 Test (p. 61)

3
2

10

24
5
2

7
2

4, 24 , 10, 2 , 4

32. 0 < x  7 5

33. 3 2y  1 5

7 < x 12

4 2y 4

2 y 2

7
0

10 12

3 2 1

3a < 3 or

3a > 6

a < 1 or

a > 2

3 2 1

10. 7

## 15. 4y  6x  3x  2y  4y  6x  3x  6y

2

 3x  10y

 5x2  51x  1
17. 7x  12  16

x  5

or

2x  1  15

7x  28

2x  16

or

2x  14

x8

or

x  7

x  4

or 2x  1  15

## 1.2x  2.3x  2.2

18.

10  6x  26

or

 83

or

39. 2x  5 < 9

x < 8 or x > 8

9 < 2x  5 < 9
4 < 2x < 14

40. 3x  4 2

3x  4 2

3x 2 or

3x 6

x  23 or

x 2

x  11 or

x  19

21. 5x  11  9

5x  11  9

2 < x < 7
or 3x  4 2

x  14

x  4  15 or x  4  15

x6

3x  42

20. x  4  15

6x  36

38. x  8 > 0

4x  21  7x  63

x2

or 10  6x  26

6x  16

19. 4x  21  7x  9

1.1x  2.2

37. 10  6x  26

## 16. 5x2  9x  23x  4  7  5x 2  45x  6x  8  7

x

11. 24

3
7
9 28 18  140
1
3  4  

 12
5
2
5
2
10
5

36. 2x  1  15

9. 17

8. 49

14. 2x  4y  10  x  x  4y  10

or x  1  4

x3

7. 15

13.

35. x  1  4

x14

4. distributive property

5x  2

or

5x  20

 25

or

x  4

x

or 5x  11  9

22. 13  2x  5

13  2x  5

or 13  2x  5

2x  8 or

2x  18

x  4 or

x  9

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

23

Chapter 1 continued
23. 5x  y  7

36. 56  48  8 in.

y  7  5x
24. 6x  3y  1

25. 2xy  x  12

3y  1  6x

2xy  12  x

1
y    2x
3

y

## 27. 3 < 2x  11 < 17

26. 4x  5 15

4x 20

1
8

x <

x3
C
7. 21,000  0.025x  52,000

0.025x  31,000

1
8

1

4. E

5. 43  53  3  36  15  3  54

x > 4

or

3. A

5x  15

or x  9 > 5

8x < 1

2. D

6
6 4 2

28.

1. C

6. 4x  8  x  7

4 < x < 3

8 < 2x < 6

x 5
0

12  x
2x

h  52 4

x  \$1,240,000
1

D
8. C  2r

29. 3x  1 > 7

or 3x  1 < 7

3x  1 > 7
3x > 8

or

3x < 6

8
3

or

x < 2

x >

r

6 6x 6
1 x 1

or x  3 < 4

x3 4
x 1

11. 5x  2  8

x 7

or

5x  2  8

8 6 4 2

x 5
E

10. 3 6x  3 9
3

30. x  3 4

7

2x 10

C
2

8
3

3 2 1

9. 6x  3 7  4x

31. 1  2x 3

or 5x  2  8

5x  10

or

5x  6

x2

or

x  5

12. 2x  11 > 3

3 1  2x 3

2x  11 > 3

4 2x 2
1 x 2
0

or 2x  11 < 3

2x > 14 or
x > 7

3 2 1

32. V  r2h

h

V
r2

h

200 cm3
 7.074 cm
9 cm2

## 34. 15x  400

x  26.67 weeks

or

2x < 8
x < 4

E
33. \$5  \$.09x  \$27.23

13. B

\$.09x  \$22.23

16. a.

x  247 min

14. B

15. C

Fuel
Distance  Rate of fuel 
consumption
consumed
traveled

## 35. 180 T 197

Water Temperature (F)

197

## 80 100 120 140 160 180 200

24

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
c. d  3112.9
d. 399.9 mi
e. You can travel almost 400 miles.
f. d  26 migal12.9 gal

d  335.4 mi
17. a.

Dog
Beagle
Bloodhound
Bulldog
Great Dane
Mastiff

## Average weight range (pounds)

18 w 30
80 w 100
40 w 50
120 w 150
165 w 185

Dog
Beagle
Bloodhound
Bulldog
Great Dane
Mastiff

Average weight
absolute value (pounds)
w  24 6
w  90 10
w  45 5
w  135 15
w  175 10

b.












## linear inequality 18 w 30 is the solution of the

absolute value inequality w  24 6. Given the first
inequality, to find the second, find the midpoint
between 18 and 30. The midpoint, 24, is the quantity
subtracted from w inside the absolute value bars. Half
the distance between 18 and 30, 6, is the amount w is
allowed to vary from 24.