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CHAPTER 1

5.

Think & Discuss (p. 1)


1.

Country
Spain
U.S.A.
Japan
Italy
France
England

Speed (mi/h)
129.9
97.7
162.6
102.4
157.9
111.8

2. Speed in kmh 
3.

Country
Spain
U.S.A.
Japan
Italy
France
England

6.

7.

3
4

5. 122  24

6. 8  15  7

7. 30  3  10

1
2

1
2

 60 units2

4 >
units2

0.6
3 2 1

 165 units2

3
4

17.

11. A  15 units11 units

3
4

1

> 5

16.

9. A  2 10 units12 units


10. A  11 units  121

3.2

3.2

5 4 3 2 1

8. 6  2  8

1.1 Practice and Applications (pp. 710)

2. 710  70
4. 45  5  9

15.

3. 1  9  8

2.3
0

2.3 > 0.6

12  9 units2

 4.5 units2
 63.6

8. commutative property of addition 9. inverse property of


addition 10. identity property of multiplication
11. commutative property of multiplication 12. identity
property of addition 13. inverse property of multiplication
14. 132 feet per sec; canceling like units from numerators
and denominators leaves feet in the numerator and seconds in
the denominator.

Speed (km/h)
209.1
157.3
261.8
164.9
254.3
180.0

1. 3  14  11

 20.25

 2 0.7

4.5

3 2 1

speed in mih
0.621

2.5 0.5 1
4 2

3
2

5 4 3 2 1

Skill Review (p. 2)

12. A 

2

18.

units2

2.1

0.3

3 2 1

0.3 > 2.1

units2
19.

Lesson 1.1

3

3 2 1

1.1 Guided Practice (p. 7)

4 3 2 1

 53

< 3

1. A rational number is a number that can be written as the

ratio of two numbers. An irrational number is a real number that is not rational and when written as a decimal, it
neither terminates nor repeats.

20.

0 >  10

2. Sample answer: 0, 2, 4 , 7


3. C; Negative integers are not whole numbers.
4.

10 8
12 9 6 3

21.

4
6

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

 10

4
4 3 2 1

 94 > 3
Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
22.

11

39. Yes; the associative property of addition is always true for

3

2

real numbers.

5 4 3 2 1

 32 >  11
3
23.

erty of multiplication is always true for real numbers.

5
3 2 1

5 > 2
2
3 2 1

46. 1  10  9

2 < 2
2.5
0

8
3

5 4 3 2 1

8 > 2.5

26.  24 4.5

13
4

3  2
0

1  9

4, 1,

 29,

7  7  7  0  1  39  22  61; 70  61  9; Yes;
the result of performing the given operations is 9, which is
equal to the check digit 9.

59. Sky Central Plaza: 1056 ft

1
6

2.7

 7 1.5

1483 ft

8,  7, 1.5, 6, 2.7

60.

 12,  12
5 , 1.5, 0, 0.3
32.  6 2.4 0.8 10
0

9
2

500 ft
1 mi
60 sec 60 min

 4.5 mihr
75 sec 5280 ft 1 min
1 hr

61. $600
0.015  $9; yes

 6, 2.4, 0.8, 10, 92


33. inverse property of addition 34. associative property of
multiplication 35. commutative property of multiplication
36. associative property of addition 37. identity property of
multiplication 38. distributive property

62. $600

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

1.5 francs
 900 francs
$1

63. 321 francs

64.

1mi
 0.2809 mi;
5280 ft

12 in
1 yd
 17,796 in.; 1483 ft

 494.3 yd
1 ft
3 ft

31.  12 12 1.5 0.3


5
4 3 2 1

1 mi
 0.2 mi;
5280 ft

12 in.
1 yd
 12,672 in.; 1056 ft

 352 yd
1 ft
3 ft

 52,  5,  13, 0, 3

4 2

53. $612.50

mih 55. Honolulu, HI; New Orleans,


LA; Jackson, MS; Seattle-Tacoma, WA; Norfolk, VA; Atlanta,
GA; Detroit, MI; Milwaukee, WI; Albany, NY; Helena, MT;
three cities 56. Mark OMeara; Jim Furyk; Paul Azinger;
Tiger Woods; Jay Haas; Jeff Maggert; Lee Janzen; Jumbo
Ozaki; Corey Pavin; Vijay Singh;

1056 ft

8 6 4 2

52. 88 L

1
3411

Petronas Tower I: 1483 ft

30.

 8 51. 13 ft

15, 6

 36  20  56; 60  56  4; No; the result of performing


the given operations is 4, which is not equal to the check digit
3.

15

29.  5  5  1
2
3
3 2 1

49. 5   2   10

58. 30  1  0  4  7  0  4  8  0  8  0

6, 3,  12, 2, 13


4

6 4 2

45. 5  8  13
47. 9
4  36

57. 0  6  3  2  0  23 

4.5 >  24

8 6 4 2

7
4

54. 34.09 mi/h or

28.

48. 7
3  21
50. 14 

25.

27.

42. No; Sample answer: 18  6  3  3  3  1, but


18  6  3  18  2  9 43. 32  7  25
44. 9  6  15

24.

2 1

40. No; Sample answer: 3  4  5  1  5  6 but


3  4  5  3  1  4 41. Yes; the associative prop-

$1
 $214
1.5 francs

3 F

25,000 ft  75 F
1000 ft

65. 60 F  75 F  15 F

66. a. Quesnel Lake to Kamloops  250 km;

Kamloops to Revelstoke  200 km;


Revelstoke to Lethbridge  450 km;
Lethbridge to Red Deer  300 km;
Red Deer to Quesnel Lake  550 km;
Total distance  1750 km; Lethbridge is about half
way.
Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.
All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
66. b. 1750 km 

1.2 Practice and Applications (pp. 1416)

1L
$.29

 $42.29;
12 km
1L

15. 83

1L
1 fill-up
1750 km 

 2.4 fill-up; Since we
12 km
60
start with a full tank, we will have to stop 2 times.
1h
c. 1750 km 
 19 h 53 min
88 km
67. a. associative property of addition b. identity property of
multiplication c. distributive property d. identity property of multiplication e. distributive property

69. 63

74. 8

75. 34

79.
81.

1
4x
1
2 7

80.

1
2 6

17. 5n

70. 4

71. 30

76. x  7

72. 5

77. x  3

73. 19

78. 6x

20. 44  4  4  4  4  256


5
21. 2   2  2  2  2  2  32

22. 25  2  2  2  2  2  32


23. 53  5  5  5  125
24. 35  3  3  3  3  3  243
25. 28  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  2  256

28. 14

27. 13  20  9  33  9  24

29. 6

 3  2  42  2  40

 2  35  5  12  7  19

30. 6  33  72  6  342

in.4 in.  12 in.

 6  316

in.3 in.  10.5 in.2 82. 5 in.7 in.  35 in.2

83. 25 in.30 in.  750

18. x7

19. 44  4  4  4  4  256

26. 82  8  8  64

1.1 Mixed Review (p. 10)


68. 8

16. x5

 6  48

in.2

 42

 12  4  24  96  4  24  24  0

Lesson 1.2

31. 24  8

1.2 Guided Practice (p. 14)

32. 16  2  6  10  16  8  10  20

base 84exponent;

The base, 8, is being multiplied by itself,


and the exponent, 4, is the number of times the base is to be
used as a factor. 2. 6x3,17x, 5 3. evaluate the power;
divide; do addition and subtraction from left to right;
3  82  4  1  3  64  4  1  3  16  1  12
1.

4. 5  216  22  5  282

34. 64  9  24  9  33

33. 7  12  5

35. 2511  4  2515  125


36. 52  5  5  25  5  5  25
37. 24  38  16  38  16  24  8
38. 3

 32  722  92  722

 5  264

 81  74

 5  128

 81  28
 53

 133
5. 4x  3y  7x  4x  3y  7x

 4x  7x)  3y

39. 94  85  36  40  76


40. 5

 3y  3x  3y
6. 2  8  6
7. 33  14  9  14  5
9. 6  9  36  9  27
2

11. 11x  6y  2x  3y  11x  2x  6y  3y  9x  9y


12. 3x  4  6  2x  3x  12  6  2x

 3x  12  6  2x
 3x  2x  12  6
x6
13. 3x2  5x  5x2  3x  3x2  5x2  5x  3x

 8x2  8x
 8x 2  8x
14. CD price  $11; Number of CDs  n; Cassette

price  $7; Number of Cassettes  10  n;


11n  710  n  11n  70  7n  4n  70;

2
3

41.

32
9
9
9



22  1 22  1 4  1 5

42.

2  32
52
25
25
25 5





34  2 3  4  2 3  4  2 12  2 10 2

43.

4  9
5

4  9
13

45.

44  22 44  4 48 32





 16
4  2
2
2
2

46.

43  3
12  3 12  3


323  3 36  3
33

8. 55  4  59  45

10. 9y  14y  5y

6  6  56  32  6  59  6  45  6  39

44.

210  6
20  6
26 13



36  10 18  10 28 14

15
5
12  3


9
9
3

47. 7x2  12x  x2  40x  7x2  x2  12x  40x

 6x2  28x
48. 4x2  x  3x  6x2  4x2  6x2  x3x  2x2  2x

When n  6: 46  70  24  70  $94


Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.
All rights reserved.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solutions Key

Chapter 1 continued
49. 12n  3  4n  13  12n  36  4n  52

1.2 Mixed Review (p. 17)

 12n  4n  36  52

69. 20

 16n  88

75.

70. 12

71. 15

72. 24

 3

50. 5n2  n  3n2  2n  5n2  5n  3n2  6n

73. 105

74. 16

 3 > 3

4 3 2 1

 5n2  3n2  5n  6n


 2n2  11n

76.

51. 4x  2y  y  9x  4x  9x  2y  y  5x  y


77.

 10x  10y

82  8  3  64  8  3  64  24  88
55. A  x  y 12  5  289
2;

82.  22
88.

30,000  25005  30,000  12,500  $42,500;


30,000  250010  30,000  25,000  $55,000;

1.

 1,202,600;

58. 115,000  8100t;

115,000  810014  115,000  113,400  228,400 jobs


59. 149  3.85(12n  149  46.20n;

149  46.206  149  277.20  $426.20


60. 37,148  15,000t; 37,148  15,0004 

37,148  60,000  97,148 mi

64. D

65. C

66. B

67. B

T-shirt (n)
Sweatshirts 8  n
Money

0
8
200

1
2
3
4
7
6
5
4
190 180 170 160

T-shirt (n)
Sweatshirts 8  n
Money

5
3
150

6
7
8
2
1
0
140 130 120

Sample answer:
15n  258  n  15n  25n  200  200  10n;
The amount of money decreases by $10 with every member who orders a t-shirt instead of a sweatshirt.
Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

85.  5

86.

16
11

87. 9

2.5,  34, 0, 1, 92

9
2

1.5 0.25 0.8


4 3 2 1

15
8

3. distributive property

10
1.5, 0.25, 0.8, 15
8, 3

10
3

4. associative property of addition

5. 12x  21  123  21

 36  21  15

 13  9  13  5  7  13  3  5
 7  13  8  73  8  523

6. 7x  9x  5  7

7. x2  5x  8  32  53  8

 9  53  8
 9  15  8  14
8.

x3

9.

x2

 360  602  360  120  $240


63. B

1
12

61. 4n  83  n15  4n  24  8n15

 24  4n15  360  60n;

84.

2.5  4

2.

about 1,200,000 people


1,202,600  965,000  237,600; about 238,000 people

89.

3 2 1

57. 13.218  965  1000  237.6  9651000

 1202.61000

1
37

8
7
1
 14

83.

Quiz 1 (p. 17)

30,000  250015  30,000  37,500  $67,500

7
2

78. associative property of multiplication 79. inverse property of addition 80. commutative property of addition
81. identity property of multiplication

56. 30,000  2.5t;

68.

2.75 <

7
2

n
2

54. A  a  ba  a2  ab;

62. C

2.75
2 1

n  10n  n  10;
40
2 40  10  2050  1000

53. A 

1
2

 12 >  11
2

2

6 5 4 3 2 1

52. 8y  x  2x  y  8y  8x  2x  2y

 8x  2x  8y  2y

11

2

 4x  1  43  44  1  64  44  1 


 64  43  64  12  76
 11x  40y  14  52  115  402  14
 25  115  402  14
 25  55  80  14  124

10. 3x  2y  9y  4  5x  5x  3x  2y  9y  4

 8x  11y  4
11. 3x  2  4  x  3x  6  4  x

 3x  x  6  4
 2x  10
12. 5x2  3x  8x  6  7x2  5x2  7x2  3x  8x  6

 2x2  5x  6

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
13. 4x  2x  2x2  x  43x  2x2  x

9. 2x  3  7

2x  10

 12x  2x2  2x


2x 2

10. 0.2x  8  0.6

0.2x  8.6

x5

 14x

14. 0.35n  13.9515  n or 209.25  13.60n, where n is

11.

12

the number of floppy disks

1
1
3x  2
1
1
3x  2

x  43
11
12

  12 

12.

12

11
12

4x  6  11

Technology Activity 1.2 (p. 18)

3
2
4x  3
3
2
4x  3

  12  56

9x  8  10

4x  5
1. 42  5  16  5  21

7
7
2.

 0.875
3  5 8

x

3. 1  46  56  15,625

4. 35  2  33  9

Base Salary  $21,000


Commission Rule  0.05

7.3
 0.745
6.2  3.6

Total Sales  n
70,000  21,000  0.05n
49,000  0.05n

1  3  42
 6.759
12.
7.25

$980,000  n

22  51  0.810


3

7
x  14
4  2

16. Total Income  $70,000

11. 10241  0.425  5912.099

13.

4x  14

28  x

 696.910

9.2  4.5
 7.833
9.
0.6
10.

14. 6x  4  2x  10

2x  4  3x  24

7. 0.21  5.233  160.989


4
3
3 5.5

x2

13. 1.5x  9  4.5


1.5x  4.5
15. 2x  2  3x  8

6. 2.6  12.54  51,988.560

8.

9x  18

5
4

x  3

5. 35.3  4.12  4.320

 56

1.3 Practice and Applications (pp. 2224)

17. Subtract 5 from both sides.


18. Multiply both sides by 6.
7

19. Multiply both sides by  4 .

20. Add 9 to both sides;


then divide both sides by 2. 21. Subtract 2 from each
side; then multiply both sides by 3. 22. Add 5 to both
sides; then divide both sides by 1.

Lesson 1.3
1.3 Guided Practice (p. 22)
1. An equation is a statement in which two expressions are
equal. 2. The equations have the same solution. Sample
answers: 3x  9, 3x  1  8 3. An equation such as
2x  3  10 is true for only one value of x, while an identity
such as 2x  3  2x  6 is true for all values of x.
4.

30

1
1
5x  6
1
1
5x  6

 2

  2  30

6x  5  60
6x  65

4x  7  27

3

6x3
9x

7. x  4  9

7s  14

x5

s2
72  29  15

27.

3m  36

7
a  21
6  2

7
2

m  12

  13  9   8
7
2

15n  9  21
15n  12
4
n  12
15  5

8. 4x  24

26. m  30  6  2m

6a  21

2x  6  3x  3

7s  29  15

4x  20

3a  13  9a  8

5. 2x  3  3x  1

6. Add 8 to each side; then divide each side by 2.

24.

45  7  27
25.

x   65
6

x5

23.

1545   9  21

12  30  6  24
28.

2b  11  15  6b
8b  4
b  12

212   11  15  612 

x6

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
2x  6  2x  4

29.

35.

2x  12  2x  8

4x  4
x  1

12x  36
x3
433  1  103  4  143)
48  10  42

37.

31.  x  2  2x  2x  1

48x  23

x0

39.

 17
20

4.2n  6.5  14.06

2.7n  4.3  12.94 38.

4.2n  7.56
n  1.8
4.21.8  6.5  14.06
7.56  6.5  14.06

3.1x  2  1.5x  5.2x  4


1.6x  6.2  5.2x  20.8

12  4x  5  4x  12

3.6x  27.0

8x  19

x  7.5

19
x
8

3.17.5  2  1.57.5  5.27.5  4


3.19.5  11.25  5.23.5

 198  5  4 198  3


24  19
19  24
4
 5  4

8 
8
5
5
   5 
2
2
4 3 

4

3.1x  6.2  1.5x  5.2x  20.8

32. 43  x  5  4x  3

x

  1720
  1720
  1720
  1720

7
 23
48  10
7
 23  23
40  10
 23 2340 28
 23  51
40
17
20

8.64  4.3  12.94

 2  20  21

7
2

 


x   23
48

 23 65

2.73.2  4.3  12.94

x  0

12
3





 

85
12  2
3 17
4 3  2
3 17  6
4
3
3
11
4
3

85
12
11
4
11
4
11
4
11
4

n  3.2

3x  2  2x  2

6

7
60 45x  15
  60  1720

2.7n  8.64

x  2  2x  2x  2

3
2x

7
 45x  15
 17
20

11
4

12x  85

 


12x  4  24x  40

 1  2x  5

  20 

x

12x  4  10x  40  14x

33.

 11
4

48x  28  51

21  6  21  4
3 4
4 5

7
 2365x  10
  1720

36.

12x  30  55

30. 43x  1  10x  4  14x

7
2x

  114

3 4
4 5x  2
3
3
5x  2
3
3
20 5x  2

34.

12

29.45  11.25  18.2


40.

2.5x  7.5  1.7x  10.8x  16.2


6.6x  23.7
x  3.59

1
5
2x  3
1
5
2x  3

 12x

19
4

  12 12x  194 

6x  20  6x  57

4  1  24  5

12x  77

 

x  77
12

1 77
5
2 12  3
77
5
24  3
5
24 77
24  3

2.5x  3  1.7x  10.8x  1.5

19
  1277
12   4
19
  77
24  4

19
  24 77
24  4 

2.53.59  3  1.73.59  10.83.59  1.5


2.56.59  6.103  10.82.09
16.475  6.103  22.572
41. 1410x  24  504

140x  336  504


140x  840
x6
length  36; width  14

77  40  77  114

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
0  32

11  x  3x  2  x  2  23

x  3x  x  11  2  2  23
3x  11  23

53. 7x  14  3x  4x  14

3x  12

4x  14  4x  14
all real numbers
54. 11x  3  2x  6x  24  7x

side lengths: 7, 10, 6


5
109.3  32
9

44. x 

13x  3  13x  24

5
101.1  32
9

5
x  141.3
9

x

x  78.5C

x  38.4C

5
69.1
9

0  27
no solution
55. 24  3x  7  2x  6  8x

8  6x  7  2x  6  8x

No, your dogs temperature


is approximately 38.4C and
normal is 38.6C.
46. 287.25  6.50x  255

45. 390  215  35x

175  35x

203  6.50x  255

5hx

6.50x  52
x8h

47. 40,000  0.05x  71,750

48. 200  4x  360

0.05x  31,750

4x  160

x  $635,000

x  40 points

450  2100  2x  260  2x

49.

all real numbers

no solution

x4

43. x 

52. 3x  15  3x  15

51. 5x  20  5x  12

42. 11  x  3x  2  x  2  23

450  200  4x  120  4x


450  320  8x

6x  1  6x  6
07
no solution
56. 10  5x  3  2x  7  3x

10  5x  10  5x
all real numbers
1.3 Mixed Review (p. 24)
57. 5 in.2  25 in.2  78.5 in.2

58. 4 in.2  16 in.2

59. 7 in.2  49 in.2  154 in.2

60. 9 in.2  81 in.2

61. 24  9  7  24  16  8
62. 16  38  4  16  34  16  12  4
63. 3  61  32  3  622  3  64

130  8x

 3  24  21

16.25 ft  x

64. 23  5  44  7  223  43


3

50. a. radius  40.5  x

 28  43

240.5  x  2100  630


81  2x  200  630
2x  430  81
x

430  81
2

x  27.9 m
b. $5250 
c.

1m
 500 m
$10.50

 16  12  4
65. 24  3  8  3  11
66. 86  2  36  84  36  32  18  50
67. 53  7  23  15  7  6  28
68. 65  325  4  30  310  4

 30  314  30  42  12
69. 37  x  8x  21  3x  8x  21  5x

500  2x  40.5  2100

70. 28  x  2x  x  16  2x  2x  x  16  3x

500  2x  81  200

71. 4x  6  3x  4x  6  3x  7x  6

300  81  2x

72. 2x  34x  7  2x  12x  21  10x  21

300  81
x
2

73. 3x  9  24  x  3x  27  8  2x  x  35


74. 4x  3  2x  7  4x  12  2x  14

7.25 m  x
Yes; with 500 m of fencing a fence can be built with
a 7.25 m gap between the track and the fence.

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

 6x  2
75. 2

x2

 2  x 

x2

 7  2x 2  4  x  x 2  7
 3x 2  x  11

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
76. 2x2  81  3x2  2x2  162  3x2  x2  162

4. 4x  8y  17

8y  17  4x

2
2
2
2
77. x  5x  3x  7x  x  5x  3x  21x

y

 4x2  16x
78. 4x2  2x2  3x  6x  8  4x 2  2x 2  6x  6x  8

y2
y1
2
3
0
0
3
2
6
4
9
6
8 12
10 15

y
4.

x  2
5.

6.

y1
16
12
8
4
0
4
8

y2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

x
3
2
1
0
1
2

xy  8  2x
y

10.

y1
22
18
14
10
6
2

y2
34
24
14
4
6
16

y2
24
21
18
15
12
9

x1

8  2x
x

A  ab

8.

x
3
2
1
0
1
2

y2
y1
24 11
22
6
20
1
18 4
16 9
14 14

x2

2,

6
5,

0,

 85;

1.4 Guided Practice (p. 29)


1. formula

9.

3
x4
20

2
1
x  y  12
3
2
1
2
 y  12  x
2
3
4
y  x  24
3
157 in.2
5 in.

1.4 Practice and Application (pp. 2932)


12. a.

4x  9y  30
43  9y  30
9y  18
y2

13. a.

5x  7y  12
51  7y  12

y  1
Method 2

y

a  10 in.

7y  7

Activity (p. 26)

3
5y  20  x
4

major axis  20 in.

5  7y  12
Lesson 1.4

3
x  5y  20
4

11. a 

A
a
b

x  1

x
y1
3 48
2 33
1 18
0
3
1
12
2
27

7.

3
y x3
5
8. xy  2x  8

9  5x
3

5
y x3
3

15  3x
5

9y  30  12

x1
7.

x
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
x3

y2
y1
x
3
1
33
2 1
23
1 3
13
5
0
3
7 7
1
2
9 17
3
11 27

y

5y  15  3x

2. True; y1  y2 when x  3.

x
3
2
1
0
1
2
3

17  4x
8

6. 5y  3x  15

1. False; y1  y2 when x  2.

3.

3y  9  5x

1
17
y x
2
8

 2x2  12x  8
Technology Activity 1.3 (p. 25)

5. 5x  3y  9

b. 4x  9y  30

9y  30  4x
y

30  4x
9

y

30  43
9

y

30  12
9

y

18
2
9

b. 5x  7y  12

7y  12  5x
y

12  5x
7

y

12  5  1
7

7
y    1
7

2. B and C

3. Subtract p2C from each side; then divide both sides by

P1.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
14. a.

xy  3x  25

19. a.

xy  3x  30

b. xy  3x  30

xy  30  3x

 15y  315  30

5y  35  25

y

30  3x
x

y

30  3  15
15

xy  25  3x

y

y

25  3x
x

30  45
15

y

y

25  35
5

15
1
15

5y  25  15

15y  45  30

5y  10

15y  15

y2

y1

b. xy  3x  25

20. a.

47  7y  7  0

25  15 10

2
5
5
9y  4x  16
b. 9y  4x  16
y

15. a.

9y  48  16

y

28  7y  7  0
7y  21  0
7y  21

9y  16  4x

9y  16

y

16
9

16  4x
9

y3
b. 4x  7y  7  0

16  4  8
y
9

7y  4x  7

16  32 16
y

9
9
16. a.

y  2x  11

b. y  2x  11

y  24  11

y  2x  11

y  8  11

17. a.

y  2x  11

y  19

y  24  11

y  19

y  8  11  19

x  3y  55
20  3y  55
35  3y
35
y
3

x  3y  55

b.

55  x  3y
55  x
y
3
55  20
y
3
35
y
3

18. a.

x  24  xy
12  24  12y
36  12y
3y

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

b. x  24  xy

xy  x  24

4x  7y  7  0

21. a.

y

4x  7
7

y

4  7  7
7

y

28  7
7

y

21
3
7

6x  5y  44  0
64  5y  44  0
24  5y  44  0
5y  20  0
5y  20
y  4

b. 6x  5y  44  0

5y  44  6x
y

44  6x
5

y

x  24
x

y

44  64
5

y

12  24
12

y

44  24
5

y

36
3
12

y

20
 4
5

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Chapter 1 continued
22. a.

1
2x

 45y  19

1
2 6

 45y
 45y
 45y

b.

1
2x

 45y  19

 19

5
y   95
4  8x

 19

y   5419  12

 16

y   54
3
4x
3
4

A
p
2w

 6

9
  11
y  12

1.75 cm  p
S  2r2  2rh

9
  11
y

S  2r2
h
2r

9
  11
y

y

b.
3
4x

 12 

9
 11y
9
 11
y

105 in.2  23.143 in.2


h
23.143 in.

 12

105 in.2  56.52 in.2


h
18.84 in.

y
 
y

y

y
 y

3
 11
9 4 x  12
3
 11
9 4 10  12
15
 11
9 2  12
15  24
 11
9
2
9
 11
9 2
11
2

48.48 in.2
h
18.84 in.
2.57 in.  h
P  2x  2r
25.

C
r
2

1
V  r2h
3

440 yd  2110 yd


r
23.14

3V
h
r2
27.

440 yd  220 yd
r
6.28

I  Prt

220 yd
r
6.28

I
P
rt

2A  bh

35.0 yd  r

2A
b
h

T  mL  21

33.

C

28.

P  2x
r
2

3V  r2h

1
A  bh
2

26.

P  2r  2x

32.

y

C  2r

24.

S  2rh  2r2

31.

9
  11
y

3
4x

22 cm2
p
12.56 cm

 16  20

 10   119 y  12

15
2  12
15  24
2
 92
11
2

22 cm2
p
23.142 cm

y   5419  3

y  20
23. a.

A  2pw

30.

 45y  19  12x

5
F  32
9

9
C  F  32
5
9
C  32  F
5

29.

1
A  b1  b2h
2

T
 L  21
m

2A  b1  b2h

T
 21  L
m

2A
 b1  b2
h
2A
 b1  b2
h

T
 21
m

34. L 

L

500
 21
55

L  9.09  21
L  30 days

35.

1629652
965)2  6562

W
R
 2
T
R  A2

36. W 

TR2
R2  A2

W

162931,225
931,225  430,336

W

150,858,450
1,361,561

W

37. R  p1V  p2C

W  110.8  111 games


38. 5; R represents total revenue in dollars, p1 is the price of a
visor in dollars, V is the total number of visors sold, p2 is the
price in dollars for a baseball cap, and C is the total number of
baseball caps sold.

10

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
4480  3V  7C

39.

4480  3V  7C
3
640  V  C
7

45. a. R  0.00256  DC  FA  s2

Sample answers:
3
7

a. 640  210  C

DC 

640  90  C
550  C

3
7

b. 640  280  C

210 visors, 550 caps

640  120  C

c. 640  1470  C

C  2r

DC 

50
129.6

DC  0.386
1.4 Mixed Review (p. 32)

51. 2x

 

C
A
2

53.

C2
A
4

47. 30  x

52.

23
b; b 
h
h
2
2

 

1 3
b
a. A  b
2
2

42
x

54. 44 ft  74 ft  12 ft

3

56.

3 yd
 12 sec  10 yd  36 yd  10 yd  26 yd
1 sec

57.

$15
 8 h  $45  $120  $45  $165
1h

58. 3d  16  d  4

 10r 

3x  18
x  6

d  10
60.

h2

a. S  2r3r  5 

5  x  23  2x
5  3x  23

2d  20

1 23
h h
2 3
3

59.

2d  16  4

b2

10y  1  y  4

61. p  16  4  42  p

p  12  8  4p

10y  10  y  4

42. h  3r  5

5p  12  8

9y  10  4
2r2
2r2

S  10r  8r2

y

 30  72  102

14
9

p4

62. 10x  5x  5

 320

8z  56

5
x   15

 40  128  168

x

 528
S  106  862

63. 12z  4z  56

15x  5

S  104  84

64.

2
3x

z  7

 13
3

65.  4 x  19  11

71
2
3x

 60  288  348

 4x  30

8

x  40

x  12

 1093
44. B

5p  20

9y  14

b. S  103  832

43. C

50.

7
3
1210
8 L  88 L  48 L

3

S

49. 250  x

7m
 60 min  420 m
1 min

168 h
 52 weeks  8736 h
1 week
1

1
2

6r2

48. 55x

55. 134 L  88 L

41. A  bh

A

50
0.00256  25  2025

46. 1.85x

C
r
2

b. A 

DC 

10  C
1470 visors, 10 caps

A

50
0.00256  25  452

640  630  C

280 visors, 520 caps

40.

b. DC 

3
7

520  C

R
0.00256  FA  s2

66.

1
4x
1
4x

 38  15  15 x
1

 5x  5  8

4014 x  15 x  15  38 40


10x  8x  8  15
18x  7
x
Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.
All rights reserved.

7
 18

67.

5
4x
5
4x

 34  56 x  12

 56 x  34  12

1254 x  56 x  34  12 12


15x  10x  9  6
5x  15
x3
Algebra 2

Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

11

Chapter 1 continued
16. total calories  T;

Lesson 1.5

calories per gram of fat  9 cal;

1.5 Guided Practice (p. 37)


1. A verbal model is an equation written in words. The ver-

bal model is used to write an algebraic model by translating


the words into mathematical symbols. 2. Write out verbal
model, label everything, write algebraic model, solve equation, answer the question. 3. The diagram helps you see
how to express the numbers of gallons used in town in terms
of x, the label given to the number of gallons used on the
highway.
4.

Water
pressure

Pressure
per foot
of depth

5. water pressure  2184

Depth

number of grams of carbohydrate  c;


T  9f  4p  4c
17. 529.9  90.3  4p  4127.7

18. 20x  529

x  26.45
27 weeks

4p  16.4

lb
ft2

p  4.1g
19. Total km  37.9 km;

lb
ft2

Great Britain rate  0.63 kmmonth;


France rate  0.47 kmmonth;

7. d  35 ft

France time  x  2.5


37.9  0.63x  0.47x  2.5

1.5 Practice and Applications (pp. 3739)


8. distance  547 km; rate  32

37.9  0.63x  0.47x  1.175

kmh; time  t h

x  35.5

547
 17.1 h
10. t 
32

11. It will take about 17 hours.

France: 35.5 months  2.5 months  33 months


France:

beats
;
12. metronome marking  80
min
length of musical piece  t min);

beats
number of beats per measure  3
measure

33 months 

14. t  6.75; 6 min 45 sec

Calories
per gram
of fat

Number
of grams
of protein

0.63 km
 35.5 months  22.4 km
1 month

1 year
 2 years 9 months
12 months

Date of completion: December 1, 1990

13. 80t  1803; 80t  540

15.

0.47 km
 33 months  15.5 km
1 month

Great Britain:

number of measures in piece  180 measures;

calories per gram of carbohydrate  4 cal;

Great Britain time  x;

6. 2184  62.4d

Calories
per gram
of protein

number of grams of protein  p;

529.9  4p  513.5

depth  d ft

Total
calories

calories per gram of protein  4 cal;

529.9  2.7  4p  510.8

pressure per foot of depth  62.4

9. 547  32t

number of grams of fat  f;

5
8

20. 375  80  80x




Number
of grams
of fat

375  y  50  804
375  y  370

375  50  80x

y  5

80x  325

y5

x  4.06


Calories per gram


of carbohydrate

You have enough to take 4 lessons.

You have $5 left.

21. 407C  50  809  75  375

280C  50  720  75  375


Number of
grams of
carbohydrates

280C  470
C  $1.68 per page
22. 72  x  x  6

72  2x  6
66  2x
33  x
39 in., 33 in.
12

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
23. 480  2w  2w  30

41. 23x  1  5  x  3 42.

 14  2x  56

480  2w  2w  60

6x  2  5  x  3

420  4w

7x  2  2

113x   56  14

7x  4

 43x  1012 3

105  w

x

width: 105 ft

4
7

x  13
16

24. 45 blocks

Quiz 2 (p. 40)

25. 6 m  0.75  4.5 m

3y  24

x4

y  8
2 1
3
1
z  z
4
3 2
4

3.

0.77  0.72
 74.5  75%
2

2.25 m  0.75  1.69 m

3z  8  6z  9

1.69 m  0.75  1.27 m

3z  8  9

1.27 m  0.75  0.95 m

z

28. 407.50  57.501.5  I per week

0.4x  20  0.2x  12
0.2x  20  12
0.2x  32
x  160

$356.25  I per week


$356.25  52  I per year
$18,525  I
D
1

29. 260  12 x  5x

30. Profit per

13
2x

sculpture  $6.50

x  40

Sculptures per week  7

First lesson costs 240  $60


3

Number of weeks  x

$45.50x  $360
x  7.9
It would take 8 weeks.

7.

3y  14  4x

9  3x
y
5

4
14
y x
3
3

9
3
y x
5
5

4
14
y  2 
3
3

9
3
y   2 
5
5

y

6 9
y 
5 5

6
y    2
3

2A  d1d2

8 14

3
3

3
5

1
A  d1d2
2
2A
 d1
d2

1.5 Mixed Review (p. 39)

6. 4x  3y  14

5y  9  3x

y

$6.507x  $360

33. false

17
3

5. 3x  5y  9

300  56.25  I per week

35. 55, 10, 5, 1, 4

4. 0.4x  50  0.2x  12

3z  17

The ball must bounce 4 times.

32. true

1
2
1
3
12 z 
 12 z 
4
3
2
4

3 m  0.75  2.25 m

31. true

3y  8  16

5x  20

3.85
 0.77
5

260 

2. 6y  8  3y  16

1. 5x  9  11

2.88
 0.72
4

27.

 2x  14   56

 43x   13
12

length: 135 ft

26.

2
3x
2
3x

8. 2.80x  16.80  154

2.80x  137.20
x  49
She needs to sell an
additional 49 boxes.

34. false
2

36. 2,  3 , 100 , 8 , 1

37. 2.9, 2.1, 1.2, 2, 2.09


39. 6x  5  17

6x  12
x2

38.  3, 1, 2, 5 , 10


40.

5x  4  7x  12
2x  4  12
2x  16
x  8

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

13

Chapter 1 continued
Math and History (p. 40)
1

1. 700 84  83

2. False; multiplying both sides of an inequality by the same

2. 3 400  267
2

1
2 400
1
3 400
1
4 400

neagative number does not produce an equivalent


inequality.

Divide 84 into 700.

3. In solving 2x < 7, we divide both sides by 2x <

; but
in 2x < 7, we divide by 2, therefore, we need to
reverse the inequality x >  72.

 200
 133

4. x  5 < 8

 100

13

x < 13

6. x  4 > 3

1. Sample answers:

x > 1

0 < 4, 3 > 10


0  2 < 4  2 and 3  2 > 10  2
2 < 6

1 > 8

and
true

2 < 2

7.

1
2x

3 2 1

12 15 18

0 < 2 and

> 5

true
02 < 42 and 32 > 102
6 > 20
0 < 8 and
false
and

0 < 2 and

3
2

12 10 8 6 4 2

9. x  3 < 5

x < 2

2 1

x > 2

and  32 >  10
2
 32

8. x  8 > 2

5 > 12

and

02 < 42 and 32 > 102


and
6 > 20
0 < 8
true

4
2

12 15 18

x 12

true

<

x > 10

0  2 < 4  2 and 3  2 > 10  2

0
2

x < 1

2. Sample answers:

4
2

x 5

Activity (p. 41)

<

5. 3x 15

Lesson 1.6

0
2

7
2

>

10
2

3
2

> 5

false
3. If you add the same number to both sides of a true
inequality, it produces another true inequality. If you
subtract the same number from both sids of a true
inequality, it produces another true inequality. If you multiply or divide both sides of a true inequality by the same
positive number, it produces another true inequality. If
you multiply or divide both sides of a true inequality by
the same negative number, it does not produce another
true inequality.
1.6 Guided Practice (p. 45)
1. A simple linear inequality has only one inequality sym-

10. 2 x < 5

5
6 4 2

11. x 3 or x < 3

3 2 1

12. 50 < C < 140

50 < 59F  32 < 140


90 < F  32 < 252
58 < F < 284
1.6 Practice and Applications (pp. 4547)
13. C

14. A

15. D

19. 2x  9 < 16

16. B

17. F

20. 10  x 3

x 7

2x < 7
x <

7
2

x 7

no

yes

21. 7x  12 < 8

22.  3 x  2 4

 13x 2

7x < 20
x <
no

18. E

20
7

x 6
yes

bol, which is used to describe the relationship between


two quantiites or expressions. A compound linear
inequality consists of two simple linear inequalities
joined by and or or.

14

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
24. 8 < x  11 < 6

23. 3 < 2x 6
3
2

< x 3

26. 7  n 19

4x > 20

n 12

1
2x

2x 22
11

5 4 3 2 1

12 10 8 6 4 2

1
3n

31. 4x  1 > 14  x

1

32.

4x > 15  x

10

x 6

or

12 15 18

or

2x > 10
x < 5

12 3x 6

x  3 10
x 7

10

0.5 x < 2.5


0.5
0

2.5
2

48. 0.4x  0.6 < 2.2

or

0.6x > 3.6

0.4x < 1.6

or

x > 6

x < 4

or

x > 6

38. 16 3x  4 2

4 3 2 1

or 2x  1 > 11

1.7 3.4x < 8.5

3
10 8 6 4 2

or

or

7

2

10

49. $1250  0.05x $1500

4 x 2
6

x > 0
0

46. x  1 5

3 2 1

x < 7

2x > 0

6 5 4 3 2 1

2

x > 7

5 x 18

10

47. 0.1 3.4x  1.8 < 6.7

x < 0

12 18 24

5  5x > 12  4x

37. 2 x  7 11

or

2n 14

8  2x > 8

x > 0.52

36. 5  5x > 43  x

5x < 2.6

35. 24  x > 8

5 4 3 2 1

2n  8 6

2

3 2 1

0.52
1

10

2x > 0

x < 4

1
4

n 7
8

x 6

or

45. 5x  4 < 1.4

34. 2n  4 6

x < 6
6

1
4

2.1x > 12.6

or x  4 2

8n  6 < 4

33. 4.7  2.1x > 7.9

3x < 12 or

n >

44. 3x  2 < 10 or 2x  4 > 4

n  6 < 7n  4

3 2 1

2

6 < x < 21

2

x > 3
1

1 < x < 1

8n < 2

4 < 23x < 14

12 6

5x > 15

2 1

6 < 6x < 6

43. x  2 5

n 3
4

42. 8 < 3 x  4 < 10

< 9

41. 7 < 6x  1 < 5

3 2 1

30. 5  3 n 6

x < 6
0

29. 2 x  7 < 2

4 2

21

> 2

x > 4

x 11

3
2x

28. 2 x  4 > 6

27. 5  2x 27

0
3 2 1

15 12 9 6 3

3
2
3
2

6 5 4 3 2 1

n 12

x > 5
1

3 n <

6 n 1

no

25. 4x  5 > 25

3 < 2n 6

1 n 6

3 < x < 5

yes

40. 2 < 2n  1 7

39. 5 n  6 0

0.05x $250
1

x $5000
Your sales need to be greater than or equal to $5000.

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

15

Chapter 1 continued
50. $50 $25  $15  $.75x

59. Sample answer:

60. Sample answer:

x1 < x

x < x1

$10 $0.75x
1313

1 < 0

You can play the game 13 times. If you play the game
13 times, pay the fee, and pay for food you will spend
$49.75.
90 0.486  0.6x

51.

61. associative property of multiplication

55.6 0.6x

62. inverse property of addition

9223 x
Her score needs to be greater than or equal to 93, and less
than or equal to 100.

63. commutiative property of addition


64. distributive property
65. 5x  4  2x  3

52. 89.15 C 31.15

54. Sample answer: high 80F

x   10
18

x   10
7

x   59

67.  x  1  10  3x  3

55 F 80
 32 80
48

x  1  10  3x  9

12.78 K  273.15 26.67

x  11  3x  9

285.93 K 299.82

2x  2

12.78 C 26.67
55.

6.5 <

60
30

18x  10

7x  10

low 55F

50
30

6  2x  16x  16

7x  4   6

184 K 242

9
5C
9
5C

66. 23  x  16x  1

5x  4  2x  6

53. 89.15 K  273.15 31.15

23

This is a true statement, therefore all real numbers are solutions to x < x  1.

1.6 Mixed Review (p. 47)

90 34.4  0.6x

55

0 < 1

This is a false statement,


therefore x  1 < x has no
solution.

c

6.5 < 3.67  c


2.83 < c

56.

5 >

50
30

60
30

x  1

c

5 > 3.67  c
1.33 > c

57. If a, b, and c are real numbers and a > b, then

a  c > b  c. If a, b, and c are real numbers such that


a > b and c > 0 then ac > bc. If a, b, and c are real
a b
numbers such that a > b and c > 0 then > . If a, b,
c
c
and c are real numbers such that a > b and c < 0 then
ac < bc. If a, b, and c are real numbers such that
a b
a > b and c < 0 then < .
c
c

68.

8

1
8x
1
8x

 32  34x  1

3
2

  8

3
4x

 1

x  12  6x  8
5x  20

69. t 

48 mi
40 mih

t  115 h
t  1 h 12 min

x4
Technology 1.6 Activity (p. 48)
1. 4x  5 11

2. 5x  6 14

58. a. 10 < x < 160


b. The triangle inequality theorem says that the distance

between Lake Tahoe and Sanora has to be less than


160. 170 is greater than 160, therefore it must be a
misprint.
c. A. 35 mi  65 mi > 45 mi B. 15mi  50 mi > 64 mi

100 mi > 45 mi

65 mi > 64 mi

okay

okay

C. 49 mi  28 mi > 78 mi

x 4
3. 2x  7 > 1

D. 55 mi  72 mi > 41 mi

77 mi > 78 mi

127 mi > 41 mi

not okay

okay
x > 3

16

x 4
4. 4x  2 < 18

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

x < 4

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
6. x  5 3

5. 0.5x  2 1

 
x  3

3 2 1

 
x 3

3 2 1

3 2 1

d. 3x  9

3, 3

e. 3x 9

3 x 3
x 6

x 8

3x 9
x 3

f.

8. 0.5x  1.5 3

7. 6x  3 > 9

x 3 or x 3

g. x  1  2

x  1  2

x  1 or

x3

h. x  1 2

10. 4  x 2  2 x

9. 5x < 4x  6

x12

2 1

x 9

x < 2

or

2 1

2 x  1 2

1 x 3

x  1 2

i.

x  1 2 or x  1 2
x 1 or

4 x

x < 6

12. 2x  1 <

11. 3x  4 2x  5

7
3

2 1

 43x

x 3
2

Drawing Conclusions
1. Sample answer: One solution is positive and one solution

is negative; no (for example, x  5  1 has two positive solutions); no (for example, x  5  0 has only
one solution.

2. Sample answer: The solutions are compound and

x 9

x < 5
14. 8  4x 5  x

13. 5  5x > 12  4x

inequalities; the solutions would also use the < sign.


3. Sample answer: The solutions are compound or

inequalities; the solutions would also use the > sign.


Lesson 1.7
1.7 Guided Practice (p. 53)
1. the numbers distance from zero on a number line

x 1

x < 7



3. 5  5; one; 5

Developing Concepts Activity 1.7 (p. 49)


Exploring the Concept



2. a. x  4

4, 4



b. x 4

4 x 4



c. x 4

x 4 or x 4

4.

6 4 2

6 4 2





3x  8  20
?
34  8  20
?
12  8  20

6 4 2

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

2. If a is a negative number, then a is a positive number.

4  20

5.




11  4x  7
?
11  41  7

77

yes

no

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

17

Chapter 1 continued
6.

2x  9  11
?
2

1
   9  11
?
2  9  11

7.

x  9  4
?
 5  9  4
?
5  9  4

6  3x  0
?
6  32  0
?
6  6  0

9.

5x  3  8
?
51  3  8
?
5  3  8

6  40 ? 14

14  14

30.

4n  7  1
?
42  7  1

14. 10  3x 17

5  2x  13
20. 5n  4  16 or

 12

5n  4  16

22  3n  5

or

17
3

3n  27
n9

or
or

2n  5  7

2n  12

or

2n  2

n6

or

n  1

8x  22
x

11
4

or 8x  1  23
or

8x  24

or

x  3

37. 30  7x  4

30  7x  4

or

22. 2  x  3 or

2  x  3

or

24. 2 x  4  6 or

15  2x  8

1
2x

x
38.

1
4x

 4  6

27.

8  2n  2
?
8  25  2

18  2

no

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

58
1
4x

 9  18
39.

26
7

14x  5  8

25. 3 x  9  18 or

18

x3

7x  26 or

2x  1  5

no

or

8x  1  23

or

13  11

x2

36. 8x  1  23

18. 5  2x  13 or

x  8  11

4x  12

2n  5  7

1.7 Practice and Application (pp. 5355)

?
43  1  11

or

The weight can range between 19.55 oz and 20.45 oz,


inclusive.

4x  1  11

or 10  4x  2

4x  8

35. 2n  5  7

19.55 x 20.45

23. 15  2x  8 or

n

0.45 x  20 0.45

21. 2x  1  5 or

x  8

3n  17 or

16. x  20 0.45

6n  1 

or

22  3n  5

18 < 14x  10 < 18

19. 6n  1 

x  3

< 18

1
2

2x  16

34. 22  3n  5

10  3x 17 or 10  3x 17

17. x  8  11 or

or

10  4x  2

9 x  5 9

1
4

or 11  2x  5

2x  6

13. x  5 9

 x  10

33. 10  4x  2

9  x < 21 or 9  x > 21

26.

34  5  7
12  5  7

11  2x  5

12. 9  x > 21

3x  5  7

77

11  2x 13 or 11  2x 13

2
3x

31.

15  1

no

no

11. 11  2x 13

15.

04

32. 11  2x  5

5 < x  8 < 5

1
5

yes

10. x  8 < 5

 x  2 ? 4
 10  2  4
1
5

no

yes

29.

yes

28

00

1
2

6  20  14

no

yes

6  x ? 14
1
2

14  4

11  11

8.

28.

or

x  52

or

x  12

7x  34
x  34
7

1
or 4x  5  8

 13

2
3 x  2  10
2
3 x  2  10
2
3x  8

30  7x  4

or
or
or

1
4x

 3

x  12
2
3x

 2  10
2
3x

 12

x  18

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
40.

 x  3  2
1
2
1
2x

32
1
2x

or

 3  2
1
2x

5

or
x  10 or

41. 3  4x 15
1
2x

15 3  4x 15

53. 14  3x > 18

3x > 4

1

45. 8  3n 18

2x  1 12 or 2x  1 12

18 8  3n 18

 15
2 < x <

48. 12  x 19

8 < x  1 < 8

7 x 31

49. 16  x 10

x 26

x 6

or

x 26

14 21 28 35

x  15
2

1
2

10 8 6 4 2
1

1
2x

52

28

28 < 7x < 18


18
7

4 < x <

x > 40
0

58. 11  6x 47

47 11  6x 47

58 6x 36
 29
3 x 6

12 15 18

52. x  16 > 24

x  16 > 24

6 4 2

13

x < 52

18
7

3 x 13

< 26

10

5 x  8 5

1
2x

> 14 or

x > 28 or

x < 17

or

1
or 20  2x < 6

56. 20  2 x > 6

51. x  8 5

8

or

or x  5 < 12

20 15 10 5

8x 60

23 < 7x  5 < 23

17

or

1
2

57. 7x  5 < 23

50. x  5 > 12

x > 7

8x 4

6050403020 10

12 18 24 30 36

x  5 > 12

or 8x  28 32

15

26

2

or 16  x 10
or

20  12x > 6

x 6

8 6 4 2

31

5
2

31 x 7

7

16  x 10

12

5
2

8x  28 32

31 x 7
7

55. 8x  28 32

19 12  x 19

9 < x < 7

15

23 < 11  4x < 23

2

47. x  1 < 8

30 < 4x < 10

46. 11  4x < 23

9 6 3

32
3

20 < 4x  10 < 20

7 < 3x  2 < 7

44. 2x  1 12

6 3

32
3

54. 4x  10 < 20

43. 3x  2 < 7

x >

or

3

4n  12 < 16 or 4n  12 > 16

3x < 32

or

 43

x <

x2

42. 4n  12 > 16

or 14  3x < 18

14  3x > 18

29

3

or x  16 < 24
or

16 24 32 40

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

x < 8

12 9 6 3

59. x  1 < 3

4 < x < 2

60.

 x 
2
3

1
3

1
3

0 x 1

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

19

Chapter 1 continued

61. 2x  4 > 10

62.

x > 7 or x < 3

 x  1 3
1
2

76. h  2.26

 51.6  66.4

h  183 3

4 x 8

3.42

3 h  183 3

63. 4x  10 > 6

x > 4 or x < 1

180 h 186

between 180 cm and 186 cm, inclusive

64. 1  2x 13

77. 3x  7  14

x < 6 or x 7

3x  7  14

65. p  3.49 0.26

0.26 p  3.49 0.26


3.23 p 3.75
B

3.23 3.75
0

3
16
3
73
3
 16
x  8 16
15
5
816 x 916
15
between 816 in. and

5
916
in., inclusive.

14
3

2x  3 13

2x 16

or

2x 10

x 8

or

x 5

74. d  50 50

10 < 3x  8 < 10


18 < 3x < 2

0 5x 4







Weight range
not recommended
v  270 > 10 g
b  625 > 25 g
w  425 > 25 g
l  145.5 > 3.5 g
f  14.5 > 0.5 g







2 5x  2 2

0 x

82. 3x  8 < 10

2
6 < x < 3

 45

no solution

83. 4x  2 > 6

Weight range
of ball used
v  270 10 g
b  625 25 g
w  425 25 g
l  145.5 3.5 g
f  14.5 0.5 g







no solution

C  384 9.6

20

3x 14

x 8 or

81. 5x  2 2

24  15.6 oz  374.4 oz least

3x 24 or

or

70. w  16 0.4

71. 24  16.4 oz  393.6 oz greatest

73.

3x  5 19 or 3x  5 19

all real numbers

72.

79. 3x  5 19

2x  3 13

68. I  89 5

69. t  98.6 1

Sport
Volleyball
Basketball
Water polo
Lacrosse
Football

80. 2x  3 13

67. x  p

Sport
Volleyball
Basketball
Water polo
Lacrosse
Football

3.12 3.86

x  3

3 < x < 6

3.12 p 3.86

3x  7

or

6 < 2x < 12

0.37 p  3.49 0.37

or

x7

3 < 2x  9 < 3

3x  21

78. 2x  9 < 3

66. p  3.49 0.37

or 3x  7  14









1 L: c  1000 > 5
500 mL: c  500 > 2

4x  2 > 6

or

4x  2 < 6

4x > 4

or

4x < 8

x > 1

or

x < 2

all real numbers

84. 6  2x > 8

or

6  2x < 8

2x > 14

or

2x < 2

x < 7

or

6  2x > 8

x > 1

all real numbers

85. 7  3x 14

14 7  3x 14
7 3x 21
7 x  37

no solution

75. 2 L: c  2000 > 9

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued

4. 3x  5 11 or 2x  3 > 3

86. x  a < b

b < x  a < b

3x 6

or

2x > 6

b  a < x < b  a

x 2

or

x > 3

87. x  a > b

x < a  b or

3 2 1

or x  a > b

x  a < b

x 2a or

x  9 or

x 0

x1

6  x  9

1.7 Mixed Review (p. 56)

not 14. 92. False; a rectangle is a square only when its


length and width are equal. 93. 56  9  21
94. 214  4  24
96. 84  3  29
98. 152   83  
1

61
6

95. 113  6  27


1
5

86  136  10

28 < 2x < 4


14 < x < 2

or

x5

x  8

3x  27 or

x < 1

x9

106. x  2 1 or 4x 8

x 3 or x 2

3y > 21

x 5

3.

y < 7
5

8 < 3x  4 < 22

or y  2 3

y2 3

y 5

or

8 6 4 2

1210 8 6 4 2

12. x  6 < 4

4 < x  6 < 4

12 < 3x < 18

10 < x < 2

7
12 10 8 6 4 2

13. x  3 > 7

4 < x < 6

or x  3 < 7

x3 > 7

x < 4

x > 10 or
6 4 2

x1

or

5

2. 2y  9 > 5y  12

3x  3

11. y  2 3

Quiz 3 (p. 56)

4x 20

x  16
3

or

15  3x  12 or 15  3x  12

y 1

1. 4x  3 17

3x  16

10. 15  3x  12

4x < 4

105. 18 < 2x  10 < 6

4x  20

3x  24 or

104. 13  4x < 9

x 5

or

 32

3x  4  20 or 3x  4  20

x 15

103. 3x  5 10
3x 15

4x  6
x

2x 30

1
3

4x  7  13 or 4x  7  13

102. 15  2x 45

6x > 2

x  3

or

8. 4x  7  13

27

101. 6x  9 > 11

x  3

9. 3x  4  20

100. 5 5  3  7   5
1

x  15

97. 61  117  2  14


99.

or 6  x  9

x  15 or

91. False; if x  7, then 2x  27  14,

x >

x5

or

7. 6  x  9

0 x 2a

x  1

x  3  2 or x  3  2

a x  a a

6. x  3  2

89. x  a a

x  5  4 or x  5  4

x  a a or x  a a

90. true

5. x  5  4

x > ba

88. x  a a

4

10

6 3

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

12

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

21

Chapter 1 continued

13. 5x  3  18

14. 2y  5 3

1 y 4

or 2x  3 < 1

Check:
2
3 9

or

2x < 2

x > 2

or

x < 1

15.

651

18  18

11

 40

16. 2  3a  4  a

 40

4a  2
a   12

16  16

or

7
2

17. 8z  6  16

4x 18

or

x 2

 34y

Check:
Check:
1
3
1
1
2 32   4 32  40 2  3 2   4  2
4
3
8
1
16  24  40
2  2  2  2

or 4x  5 13

4x 8

 92

4x  4  6  3x

8z  32
0

x  10

z4

17. 20 e 28

18. d  30 0.045

20 migal  16 gal  320 mi

0.045 d  30 0.045

28 migal  16 gal  448 mi


between 320 mi and 448 mi;
inclusive

29.955 d 30.045
between 29.955 mm and
30.045 mm, inclusive

x  10

Check:

Check:

84  6  16

410  4  32  10

82  16

 72

18. 4x  4  32  x

8z  48  16

9
2

8 6 4 2

51

15  3  18

y  32

16. 4x  5 13

4x  5 13

1
2y
5
4y

6

n9

53  3  18
5

2x > 4

2 1

2
3n

Check:

15. 2x  3 > 1

2x  3 > 1

51

x  3

2 2y 8

2
3n

5x  15

3 2y  5 3

1

14.

40  4  312

16  16

36  36

19. 5x  y  10

y  10  5x
Chapter 1 Review (p. 58)
1.

 6

0.2

4 3 2 1

20. x  4y  8

6
5

y  5x  10
4y  x  8

y

 , 6, 2, 0.2, 65


2.

3 2 1

22.

3
4

1.75  3
0

5. 18

y  0.2x  7

23. 5x  6y  12  0

6y   5x  12

4. additive inverse property

y  56x  2

7. 71  31  813  4

24. x  2xy  1

2xy  1  x

8. 322  52 2  1  17


2

9. 7y  2x  5x  3y  2x  5x  4y

y

10. 43  x  5x  6  12  4x  5x  30  x  18


11. 6x2  3x  5x2  2x  11x2  x
12. 2x2  x  3x2  4x  2x 2  2x  3x 2  12x

 x2  14x

22

2

2x  3y  9

6. 13

0.5y  0.1x  3.5

y  23x  3

3, 1.75,  43, 34, 3


3. distributive property

 14x

3y  2x  9

3
1

21. 0.1x  0.5y  3.5

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

25.

1  x x  1

2x
2x

P  2l  2w
2l  2w  P
l  w  12P

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
27. 325 mi  55 miht

F  95C  32

26.

t  5 h 55 min

 95C  32  F
C

5
9 F

2x > 16

2.
8

10

5x 15

5x 25

5 4 3 2 1

0.8

1
2

3
2

 32,  23, 0, 23, 32


3

4
1

2
3

3

3.

x 3

x 5

1.2

 2 1  2

31. 3x  4 2x  19

30. 12  5x 13

1.6

1.95, 1, 0.98, 0.9

x > 8
2

2

29. 2x  10 > 6

d  14 mi

0.98
1 0.9

1.95

$1.35d  $18.90

1.

 32

28. $2.95  $1.35d  $21.85

Chapter 1 Test (p. 61)

3
2

10

24
5
2

7
2

4, 24 , 10, 2 , 4

32. 0 < x  7 5

33. 3 2y  1 5

7 < x 12

4 2y 4

5. commutative property of multiplication

2 y 2

6. additive identity

7
0

10 12

3 2 1

34. 3a  1 < 2 or 3a  1 > 7

3a < 3 or

3a > 6

a < 1 or

a > 2

3 2 1

10. 7

15. 4y  6x  3x  2y  4y  6x  3x  6y


2

 3x  10y

 5x2  51x  1
17. 7x  12  16

x  5

or

2x  1  15

7x  28

2x  16

or

2x  14

x8

or

x  7

x  4

or 2x  1  15

1.2x  2.3x  2.2

18.

10  6x  26

or

 83

or

39. 2x  5 < 9

x < 8 or x > 8

9 < 2x  5 < 9
4 < 2x < 14

40. 3x  4 2

3x  4 2

3x 2 or

3x 6

x  23 or

x 2

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

x  11 or

x  19

21. 5x  11  9

5x  11  9

2 < x < 7
or 3x  4 2

x  14

x  4  15 or x  4  15

x6

3x  42

20. x  4  15

6x  36

38. x  8 > 0

4x  21  7x  63

x2

or 10  6x  26

6x  16

19. 4x  21  7x  9

1.1x  2.2

37. 10  6x  26

12. 422  625  76

16. 5x2  9x  23x  4  7  5x 2  45x  6x  8  7

x

11. 24

3
7
9 28 18  140
1
3  4  

 12
5
2
5
2
10
5

36. 2x  1  15

9. 17

8. 49

14. 2x  4y  10  x  x  4y  10

or x  1  4

x3

7. 15

13.

35. x  1  4

x14

4. distributive property

5x  2

or

5x  20

 25

or

x  4

x

or 5x  11  9

22. 13  2x  5

13  2x  5

or 13  2x  5

2x  8 or

2x  18

x  4 or

x  9

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

23

Chapter 1 continued
23. 5x  y  7

36. 56  48  8 in.

12 8 in.  4 in.

y  7  5x
24. 6x  3y  1

25. 2xy  x  12

3y  1  6x

2xy  12  x

1
y    2x
3

y

27. 3 < 2x  11 < 17

26. 4x  5 15

4x 20

1
8

x <

x3
C
7. 21,000  0.025x  52,000

0.025x  31,000

1
8

1

4. E

5. 43  53  3  36  15  3  54

x > 4

or

3. A

5x  15

or x  9 > 5

8x < 1

2. D

6
6 4 2

28.

1. C

6. 4x  8  x  7

4 < x < 3

Chapter 1 Standardized Test (p. 62)

8 < 2x < 6

x 5
0

12  x
2x

h  52 4

x  $1,240,000
1

D
8. C  2r

29. 3x  1 > 7

or 3x  1 < 7

3x  1 > 7
3x > 8

or

3x < 6

8
3

or

x < 2

x >

r

6 6x 6
1 x 1

or x  3 < 4

x3 4
x 1

11. 5x  2  8

x 7

or

5x  2  8

8 6 4 2

x 5
E

10. 3 6x  3 9
3

30. x  3 4

7

2x 10

C
2

8
3

3 2 1

9. 6x  3 7  4x

31. 1  2x 3

or 5x  2  8

5x  10

or

5x  6

x2

or

x  5

12. 2x  11 > 3

3 1  2x 3

2x  11 > 3

4 2x 2
1 x 2
0

or 2x  11 < 3

2x > 14 or
x > 7

3 2 1

32. V  r2h

h

V
r2

h

200 cm3
 7.074 cm
9 cm2

34. 15x  400

x  26.67 weeks

or

2x < 8
x < 4

E
33. $5  $.09x  $27.23

13. B

$.09x  $22.23

16. a.

x  247 min

14. B

15. C

Fuel
Distance  Rate of fuel 
consumption
consumed
traveled

b. distance traveled  d mi

rate of fuel consumption  31 migal

35. 180 T 197


Water Temperature (F)

fuel consumed  12.9 gal

197

about 6 months

80 100 120 140 160 180 200

24

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Chapter 1 continued
c. d  3112.9
d. 399.9 mi
e. You can travel almost 400 miles.
f. d  26 migal12.9 gal

d  335.4 mi
17. a.

Dog
Beagle
Bloodhound
Bulldog
Great Dane
Mastiff

Average weight range (pounds)


18 w 30
80 w 100
40 w 50
120 w 150
165 w 185

Dog
Beagle
Bloodhound
Bulldog
Great Dane
Mastiff

Average weight
absolute value (pounds)
w  24 6
w  90 10
w  45 5
w  135 15
w  175 10

b.












c. Sample answer: Using the Beagle as an example, the

linear inequality 18 w 30 is the solution of the


absolute value inequality w  24 6. Given the first
inequality, to find the second, find the midpoint
between 18 and 30. The midpoint, 24, is the quantity
subtracted from w inside the absolute value bars. Half
the distance between 18 and 30, 6, is the amount w is
allowed to vary from 24.

Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.


All rights reserved.

Algebra 2
Chapter 1 Worked-out Solution Key

25