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Chapter 3

F
0

2

st

n

2

# expressed;

X
1
2
st
1   
n
Frequency ratio, r

# cos 

mx  k x F cos t
0
Case 2:
 1, the denominator is negative
n
The harmonic response is,
x
t 
 
X
cos 
t
p
st
X 
2
 1
 
 
n

x t
( )
A
cos
 
t
n
x t
( )
A
cos
 
t
n

st

2

n

st

n

2

n

n

0

2

2

2

2

1/ 2

k
m
X
st

2 mk

1

1

1

 

n

tan

1

2

 

2

2

n

2

2

1/ 2

tan

1

2
2
1
r
2
r
 2

• 2

r

1  

n

2

1 r

• 2

2

2

st

max

1
2
2
1 

st

 

n

# The complete solution, for an underdamped system,

x t
 
X e

t

n
cos
t
X
cos
  
t
0
d
0
x t  0  x
and x t  0
 x
X 
st
For the initial condition,
2
0
0
2
1
r
2 r
 2
x
X
cos
X
cos
0
0
0
r
x 
 

X
cos
 
X
cos
 
X
sin
 1
 tan
0
n
0
0
d
  2
 
2
1  r

2
2
 1/ 2
X
sin
X
X cos
 X
sin 
tan
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
X
cos
0
0

st

small

st

 

n

2

1

1

2

1

n

2

2

2

2

2

2

n

2

0

2

2

2

2

1/ 2

i

p

0

2

2

2

2

1/ 2

i

t

kX
F
0

2

1/ 2

F
0
k

0

0

p

2

2

2

2

1/ 2

1

1

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

1/ 2

1

3

2

2

1

3

2

2

p

2

i

t

1
1/ 2
2
1
  
8
1
2

2

2

2

2

# 

2

## 

1/ 2

Force transmissibility,
1/ 2
2
1
2
r
F T
2
 r
2
kY
2
2
1
r
2
r

2

2

2

2

1/ 2

1

2
m Y
Z 
 Y
2
2
k m
c
2

2
r
2
2
1
r
2
r
 2
2
r 
 1
2
1  r

x

p

( )

t

X

sin

 

t

Im

me

M

n

2

H i

e

i

t

2

2

2

2

2

1/ 2

me 
M
n

2

2

2

2

max

1
2
2
  
1