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ww ww ww

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ss pp ee cc ii aa ll mm ee tt aa ll ss

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cc oo mm

NIMONIC® alloy 105 (W. Nr. 2.4634) is a wrought nickel-cobalt-chromium-base alloy strengthened by additions of molybdenum, aluminum and titanium. It has been developed for service up to 950°C, and com- bines the high strength of the age-hardening nickel-base alloys with good creep resistance. NIMONIC alloy 105 is produced by high frequency melting in air followed by casting in air, or, for more critical applications the alloy is produced by vacuum melting and electroslag refining. The alloy is used for turbine blades, discs, forgings, ring sections, bolts and fasteners.

HHeeaatt TTrreeaattmmeenntt

The heat treatment recommended is dependent on the intended service condition.

Two heat treatments are recommended as follows:

  • (a) 4 h/1150°C/AC+16 h/1050-1065°C/AC+16 h/850°C/AC

  • (b) 4 h/1125°C/AC+16 h/850°/AC

In general, heat treatment (a) is intended for optimum long-term creep strength and ductility at operating tem- peratures in the range 850-950°C. Heat-treatment (b) may be used where long-term properties are not of para- mount importance and tensile strength, elongation and impact strength may be enhanced for operating temper- atures up to 700°C. When applying heat-treatment (b) it is essential to ensure that cooling from 1125°C takes place freely and is not delayed due to close packing of components.

Examples of the use of these heat treatments are as follows:

  • (a) turbine blades, discs, forgings and ring sections, all of which may be produced from as-extruded, as-forged or subsequently cold worked starting stock

  • (b) bolts and fasteners for which extruded and cold worked bar or section is recommended as starting stock.

CCoommppoossiittiioonn,, %%

The composition stated in BS HR 3 is as follows:

Carbon

0.17

max

Silicon

1.0

max

Copper

0.2

max

Iron

1.0

max

Manganese

1.0

max

Chromium

....................................................................

14.0-15.7

Titanium

0.9-1.5 ...........................................................................

Aluminum

4.5-4.9 .........................................................................

Cobalt

18.0-22.0 ..........................................................................

Molybdenum

...................................................................

4.5-5.5

Lead

.........................................................................0.0015

max

Sulfur

0.010

max

Boron

0.003-0.010 .......................................................................

Zirconium

0.15

max

Nickel

Balance* ............................................................................

*Reference to the ‘balance’ of an alloy’s composition does not guaran- tee this is exclusively of the element mentioned, but that it predomi-

nates and others are present only in minimal quantities.

w w w w w w . . s s p p e e c c

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

PPhhyyssiiccaall PPrrooppeerrttiieess

Density

8.01 g/cm³

0.289 lb/in³

The exact density is dependent on compositional variation within the release specification.

Melting Range

Liquidus temperature

1345°C

Solidus temperature

1290°C

The liquidus temperature was determined by inverse cool- ing techniques and the solidus temperature obtained by met- allographic examination. The accuracy of determination was ± 5°C for the liquidus temperature and +0, -10°C for the solidus temperature.

TTaabbllee 33 - Mean Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion

TTeemmppeerraattuurree rraannggee,, °°CC

1100 --66 / °°CC

20-100

12.2

20-200

12.8

20-300

13.1

20-400

13.4

20-500

13.7

20-600

14.0

20-700

14.5

20-800

15.3

20-900

16.5

20-1000

18.0

Extruded section subsequently cold rolled given heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC. These data are average and subject to approximately ±5% variation.

TTaabbllee 11 - Specific Heat

TTeemmppeerraattuurree,, °°CC

SSppeecciiffiicc HHeeaatt,, JJ//kkgg°°CC

20

419

100

461

200

502

300

502

400

544

500

544

600

586

700

628

800

628

900

670

1000

670

TTaabbllee 44 - Electrical Properties

Electrical resistivity at 20°C = 131 microhm cm

TTeemmppeerraattuurree °°CC

RReellaattiivvee RReessiissttaannccee

20

1.000

100

1.021

200

1.044

300

1.066

400

1.089

500

1.107

600

1.155

700

1.117

800

1.106

900

1.088

1000

1.055

Hot rolled bar subsequently cold drawn (wire) and given heat treatment 15 min/1150°C/AC + 1 h/1050°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC.

TTaabbllee 22 - Thermal Conductivity

TTeemmppeerraattuurree ,,°°CC

TThheerrmmaall CCoonndduuccttiivviittyy,, WW//mm °°CC

20

10.89

100

12.10

200

13.57

300

14.99

400

16.33

500

17.67

600

18.63

700

20.56

800

22.23

900

24.03

1000

26.21

These values have been ccaallccuullaatteedd from electrical resistance measurements on a single 3-stage heat-treated specimen using the modified Wiedemann- Franz equations.

TTaabbllee 55 - Magnetic Properties

Magnetic permeability from

0.02T-0.2T

1.000715

Extruded bar subsequently forged and given heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC.

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

TTaabbllee 66 - Dynamic Young’s Modulus

   

EExxttrruuddeedd bbaarr,,

EExxttrruuddeedd bbaarr,,

TTeemmppeerraattuurree

EExxttrruuddeedd bbaarr

ssuubbsseeqquueennttllyy

ssuubbsseeqquueennttllyy

°°CC

ffoorrggeedd

ccoolldd rroolllleedd

GGPPaa

GGPPaa

GGPPaa

20

 

223

  • 188 220

 

100

 

219

  • 184 216

 

200

 

212

  • 179 210

 

300

 

206

  • 174 204

 

400

 

200

  • 168 198

 

500

 

193

  • 161 191

 

600

 

186

  • 154 185

 

700

 
  • 147 177

178

 

800

 
  • 139 168

168

 

900

 
  • 129 154

155

 

1000

 
  • 110 137

138

 

Heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC.

TTeennssiillee PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: EExxttrruuddeedd BBaarr

The data given in Table 7 and presented graphically in Figures 1 and 2 represent the tensile properties for extruded bar after the 3-stage heat treatment.

Strain rate 0.005/min to proof stress (at room temperature), 0.002/min to proof stress (at elevated temperatures) and 0.1/min thereafter.

TTaabbllee 77 - Heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC

 

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

TTeennssiillee ssttrreennggtthh

EElloonnggaattiioonn oonn 55..6655

RReedduuccttiioonn ooff aarreeaa,,

TTeemmppeerraattuurree,, °°CC

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

SSoo,, %%

%%

20

 
  • 751 1140

776

 

22

31

100

 
  • 739 1123

762

 

20

31

200

 
  • 712 1084

735

 

21

38

300

 
  • 712 1091

735

 

20

30

400

 
  • 718 1101

743

 

24

39

500

 
  • 711 1064

740

 

23

37

600

 
  • 694 1038

720

 

25

38

700

 
  • 706 1018

732

 

28

36

800

 
  • 647 813

677

 

25

37

900

 
  • 373 496

400

 

30

47

1000

 
  • 144 175

152

 

42

73

1100

26

29

51

172

99

Average results of tests on 15 casts.

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

Temperature, °F 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 1600 80 100 220 200
Temperature, °F
200
400
600
800
1000
1200 1400
1600 1800
1600
80
100
220
200
180
80
60
1200
160
R. of A.
140
60
120
800
40
100
40
80
60
400
20
20
40
20
0.2% Proof Stress
0
0
Reduction of Area, %
Stress, MPa
0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 ton/in² 10³ lb/in² Temperature, °C Elongation, % FFiigguurree
0
0
0
200
400
600
800
1000
ton/in²
10³ lb/in²
Temperature, °C
Elongation, %
FFiigguurree
Heat treatment 4h/1150°C/AC + 16h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16h/850°C/AC
98% confidence region calculated on 15 casts
Temperature, °F
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400 1600
1800
1600
80
100
220
200
Tensile Strength
180
80
1200
60
160
140
60
120
800
40
Elongation
100
40
80
60
400
20
20
40
20
0
0
0
0
0
200
400
600
800
1000
ton/in²
10³ lb/in²
Temperature, °C
Stress, MPa

FFiigguurree

22..

Heat treatment 4h/1150°C/AC + 16h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16h/850°C/AC

98% confidence region calculated on 15 casts

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

TTeennssiillee PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: Extruded Bar Subsequently Forged

The data given in Table 8 and presented graphically in Figures 3 and 4 represent the tensile properties for extruded bar sub- sequently forged after the 3-stage heat treatment.

Strain rate 0.005/min to proof stress (at room temperature), 0.002/min to proof stress (at elevated temperatures) and 0.1/min thereafter.

TTaabbllee 88 - Heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC

 

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

TTeennssiillee ssttrreennggtthh

EElloonnggaattiioonn oonn 55..6655

RReedduuccttiioonn ooff aarreeaa,,

TTeemmppeerraattuurree,, °°CC

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

SSoo,, %%

%%

20

796

827

1180

16

16

100

760

793

1185

21

24

200

745

774

1188

24

34

300

739

766

1162

20

24

400

732

763

1126

23

33

500

748

782

1148

23

31

600

735

769

1111

22

32

700

739

768

1075

26

33

800

680

714

836

24

34

900

390

411

491

28

38

1000

152

156

189

43

60

1100

28

31

56

132

99

Average results of tests on 15 casts.

 

Temperature, °F

1000 40 20 0 0 80 60 40 20 Reduction of Area, % 1200 1400 1600
1000
40
20
0
0
80
60
40
20
Reduction of Area, %
1200 1400 1600 1800
200 400
60
600
800
10³ lb/in²
ton/in²
1000
200
400
600
800
0
800
0.2% Proof Stress
1600
220
200
180
1200
160
Stress, MPa
140
120
R. of A.
100
80
60
400
40
20
0
0
100
80

Temperature, °C

FFiigguurree

33..

Heat treatment 4h/1150°C/AC + 16h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16h/850°C/AC

98% confidence region calculated on 15 casts

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

Temperature, °F 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 1600 80 100 220 Tensile
Temperature, °F
200
400
600
800
1000 1200 1400
1600 1800
1600
80
100
220
Tensile Strength
200
180
80
60
1200
160
140
60
120
800
40
Elongation
100
40
80
60
400
20
20
40
20
0
0
0
0
0
200
400
600
800
1000
ton/in²
10³ lb/in²
Elongation, %
Temperature, °C
Stress, MPa

FFiigguurree

44..

Heat treatment 4h/1150°C/AC + 16h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16h/850°C/AC

98% confidence region calculated on 15 casts

TTeennssiillee PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: Extruded Section Subsequently Cold Rolled

The data given in Table 9 and presented graphically in Figures 5 and 6 represent the tensile properties for extruded section subsequently cold rolled after the 3-stage heat treatment.

Strain rate 0.005/min to proof stress (at room temperature), 0.002/min to proof stress (at elevated temperatures) and 0.1/min thereafter.

TTaabbllee 99 - Heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC

 

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

TTeennssiillee ssttrreennggtthh

EElloonnggaattiioonn oonn 55..5555

RReedduuccttiioonn ooff aarreeaa,,

TTeemmppeerraattuurree,, °°CC

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

SSoo,, %%

%%

20

 
  • 795 1246

826

   
  • 25 29

100

 
  • 780 1220

811

   
  • 24 30

200

 
  • 755 1234

785

 
  • 26 31

 

300

 
  • 744 1239

772

 
  • 26 31

 

400

 
  • 744 1226

783

 
  • 27 31

 

500

 
  • 752 1195

785

 
  • 27 31

 

600

 
  • 743 1177

775

 
  • 25 31

 

700

 
  • 744 1092

778

 
  • 31 31

 

800

 
  • 681 856

718

 
  • 25 31

 

900

 
  • 392 533

420

   
  • 31 39

1000

 
  • 168 221

176

 
  • 48 61

 

Average results of tests on 15 casts.

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

Temperature, °F
Temperature, °F
200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 1600 100 80 220 200 180 80
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400 1600 1800
1600
100
80
220
200
180
80
60
1200
160
140
60
0.2% Proof Stress
120
800
40
100
40
80
60
400
20
20
R. of A.
40
20
0
0
0
0
ton/in²
10³ lb/in²
0
200
400
600
800
1000
Reduction of Area, %
Temperature, °C
FFiigguurree
55..
Heat treatment 4h/1150°C/AC + 16h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16h/850°C/AC
Stress, MPa

98% confidence region calculated on 15 casts

Temperature, °F

0 120 100 80 60 40 20 100 80 60 40 20 140 0 Elongation, %
0
120
100
80
60
40
20
100
80
60
40
20
140
0
Elongation, %
10³ lb/in²
200
400
600
800
1000
Temperature, °C
ton/in²
0
1000
0
80
60
40
800
400
800
1600
1200
200
1200 1400
20
1600 1800
0
Elongation
400
600
Tensile Strength
Stress, MPa
220
200
180
160

FFiigguurree 66. Heat treatment 4h/1150°C/AC + 16h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16h/850°C/AC

98% confidence region calculated on 15 casts

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

TTeennssiillee PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: Extruded Bar Subsequently Cold Stretched

The data given in Table 10 and presented graphically in Figure 7 represent the tensile properties for extruded bar subsequently cold stretched after the 2-stage heat treatment.

Strain rate 0.005/min to proof stress (at room temperature), 0.002/min to proof stress (at elevated temperatures) and 0.1/min thereafter.

TTaabbllee 1100 - Heat treatment 4 h/1125°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC

   

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

 

pprrooooff ssttrreessss

TTeennssiillee ssttrreennggtthh

EElloonnggaattiioonn oonn 55..5555

 

RReedduuccttiioonn ooff aarreeaa,,

TTeemmppeerraattuurree,, °°CC

 

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

SSoo,, %%

%%

20

 

791

811

1220

25

 

35

100

 

749

777

1177

24

 

39

200

 

731

757

1186

27

 

34

300

 

732

752

1183

25

 

36

400

 

740

760

1143

28

 

35

500

 

740

771

1140

28

 

35

600

 

726

759

1106

26

 

35

700

 

723

752

1060

30

 

33

800

 

678

706

817

27

 

35

900

 

407

430

496

27

 

35

1000

 

155

161

210

46

 

59

Test on 1 cast.

   

Temperature, °F

 
 

200

400

600

800 1000

1200

1400

1600 1800

p p r r o o o o f f s s t t r r
 
 

100

220

 

1600

1200

Tensile Strength
Tensile Strength

80

60

 

Elongation and Reduction of Area, %

 

200

 
  • 80 180

 
 

160

   
  • 60 140
    120

Stress, MPa

 
 
  • 800 0.2% Proof Stress

40

   
   

100

  • 40 R. of A.

 

80

 

60

 
 
  • 400 Elongation

20

 
  • 20 40

   

0

0

 

20

 
 

0

0

10³ lb/in²

ton/in²

0

200

400

600

800

1000

 

Temperature, °C

FFiigguurree

Heat treatment 4h/1125°C/AC + 16h/850°C/AC

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

CCrreeeepp PPrrooppeerrttiieess

The creep characteristics for NIMONIC alloy 105 have been determined for bar after the 3-stage heat treatment. Creep-rupture properties for extruded bar subsequently forged are shown in Table 11 and Figures 8 and 9, by Larson- Miller presentation and Graham and Walles technique. Creep-rupture properties for extruded bar subsequently cold stretched are shown in Table 12 and Figures 10 and 11. Derived total plastic strain data were created from test specimens 9.1 - 11.7 mm diameter x 76 mm gauge length (0.357 - 0.461 in diameter x 3 in gauge length) and are shown in Table 13.

CCrreeeepp--RRuuppttuurree PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: Extruded Bar Subsequently Forged

The data given in Table 11 and presented graphically in Figures 8 and 9 represent the average results of 15 casts of extruded bar subsequently forged.

TTaabbllee 1111 - Heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC

 

SSttrreessss ttoo

EElloonnggaattiioonn

 

TTeesstt

pprroodduuccee

aatt ffrraaccttuurree

tteemmppeerraattuurree

rruuppttuurree iinn

 

°°CC

110000 hh

330000 hh

11000000 hh

33000000 hh

1100 000000 hh

3300 000000 hh

110000 000000 hh

oonn 55..6655

 

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

SSoo,, %%

750

GW

456

 
  • 394 (201)

340

270

 

(154)

(83)

12-18

LM

448

 
  • 417 (263)

363

317

 

(224)

(178)

815

GW

324

 
  • 278 (130)

232

178

 

(77)

(42)

8-21

LM

324

 
  • 270 (144)

224

185

 

(116)

(85)

870

GW

208

 
  • 178 (54)

131

99

 

(31)

(17)

7-17

LM

208

 
  • 173 (77)

134

102

 

(54)

(39)

940

GW

108

82

(60)

(36)

(20)

10-21

LM

108

85

(62)

(39)

(25)

980

GW

68

51

 
  • 31 (17)

12-22

LM

68

51

 
  • 32 (19)

GW=Graham and Walles analysis.

LM=Larson-Miller analysis.

( ) =Outside range of determination.

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

CCrreeeepp--RRuuppttuurree PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: Extruded Bar Subsequently Forged

FFiigguurree 88 - Larson-Miller Parameter, T(20 + log t) x10 -3 ; T in °K, t in hours; Heat treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16 h/1050-1065°C/AC +

16 h/850°C/AC

200 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 1200 100 °°FF 1200 1100 1000
200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
1200
100
°°FF
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
2100
5
15
10
35
25
30
20
2300
2200
600
2000
1900
1800
1700
1600
1500
1400
1300
3
10 1
10 3
10 0
10 4
10 2
10 -1
10 5
°°CC
100
MPa x 10 1
6
8
9
1.5
1
4
2
5
20
500
400
300
200
100
20
10
15
7
25
30
40
50
60
70
80
90

Time, hours

1MPa x 10 1 = 10 7 N/m 2 ; 1 N/mm 2 (1 MN/m 2 ) = 0.1 hbar = 1.02 kgf/mm 2 = 0.0647 tonf/in 2

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

CCrreeeepp--RRuuppttuurree PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: Extruded Bar Subsequently Forged

700 40 45 50 55 60 100 200 300 400 500 600 35 800 900 10
700
40
45
50
55
60
100
200
300
400
500
600
35
800
900
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
10
ton/in²
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
26
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
140
5
6
7
8
9
980°C
940°C
100
110
120
130
4
Stress, MPa
750°C
10³ lb/in²
870°C
815°C
1000
1000
10 000
100
100 000
80
28
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
10
90
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
3

Time, hours

FFiigguurree

99..

Heat-treatment 4 h/1150°C/AC + 16h/1050-1065°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC

NN II MM OO NN II CC ®® aa ll ll oo yy 11 00 55

CCrreeeepp--RRuuppttuurree PPrrooppeerrttiieess:: Extruded Bar Subsequently Cold Stretched

The data given in Table 12 and presented graphically in Figure 10 represent the creep-rupture properties of extruded bar sub- sequently cold stretched.

TTaabbllee 1122 - Heat treatment 4 h/1125°C/AC + 16 h/850°C/AC

 

SSttrreessss ttoo pprroodduuccee

 
 

rruuppttuurree iinn

EElloonnggaattiioonn aatt

TTeesstt tteemmppeerraattuurree,,

110000hh

330000hh

11000000hh

ffrraaccttuurree oonn

°°CC

MMPPaa

MMPPaa

MM