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# uestion 1

1. A government environmental agency is interested in methods that will encourage energy conservation by households within the country. They want to conduct an experiment in order to test whether the provision of in-house devices that provide an instantaneous indication of current household electricity consumption will lead to reductions in electricity consumption. The sample design to investigate this research question is to track a sample of customers who volunteer to have the devices installed and then compare mean annual electricity consumption before and after the installation. The only problem with this proposed sample design is that the customers are volunteers. Answer False 1 points True

Question 2
1. Let possible level of returns from a portfolio of shares be classified as low, medium or high. The table below shows the marginal probability distribution for returns. Returns Probability low 0.5 medium p high p

What should p equal in order for this to be a valid probability distribution? (Your answer should be correct to two decimal places.) Answer
0.25

1 points

Question 3
1.

The following joint distribution that has been constructed using data from the 1995 National Health Survey conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. This is a large, nationally represented survey of Australians. The data in the Table refer to whether an individual has used any medications in the last 2 weeks prior to interview and their self-assessed health status (SAHS). For SAHS individuals are asked to rate their current health on a five-level scale ranging from poor to excellent.
Table : Joint frequency distribution of self assessed health and use of medications for Australians in 1995 Self-assessed health Excellent Very Good good 10.7 20.7 20.0 13.7 34.4 9.7 29.7 Fair 9.7 2.2 11.9 Poor 3.5 0.4 3.9 Totals 64.6 35.4 100.0

## of the following is not correct?

The probability that a randomly selected Australian did not use medication in the last two weeks is 0.354 The probability that a randomly selected Australian is in fair health is 0.119 Australians in poor health are much more likely to be using medications than not using medications The conditional probability of being in excellent health given not using medications is equal to the probability of being in excellent health. 1 points

Question 4
1. Let X represent the number of visits to a GP over the last 12 months. From past records of patients, the GP has constructed the following probability distribution for X.

x P(X=x)

0 0.5

1 0.2

2 0.1

3 0.1

4 0.1

What is the expected number of visits given that a patient has had at least one visit? (Your answer should be correct to one decimal place.) Answer
1.1

1 points

Question 5
1.

Consider a coin tossing game where you win 7 dollars if a head appears on a single toss of a fair coin but you lose 7 dollars if a tail appears. Let the random variable R represent the return on a single toss. What is the variance of R?
49

1 points

Question 6
1. Suppose 0.3 of the graduates of a job training centre receive lower paying jobs than they had prior to entering the job training program. In a random sample of six graduates, what is the probability that exactly four have jobs paying more than they earned before entering the program? (Your answer should be correct to four decimal places.) Answer
0.0595

1 points

Question 7
1. Let p be the probability of success in a binomial experiment. Of the following values of p, which one will produce a binomial probability distribution with the smallest standard deviation, given that the sample size ( n) is the same in each case? Answer

## p=0.8 p=0.3 p=0.7 p=0.5

1 points

Question 8
1. It is known that 55% of your local electorate voted for the political party in government at a recent election. In a random sample of eight drawn from the local electorate, what is the probability that more than four voted for the party in government? (Your answer should be correct to four decimal places.) Answer .7396 .7799 .9115 .4770

1 points

Question 9
1. From considerable past experience, a student knows that the time elapsed between placement of a pizza order and delivery of the pizza is uniformly distributed between 10 and 40 minutes. What proportion of pizza deliveries take between 20 and 40 minutes? (Your answer should be correct to two decimal places.) Answer
0.67

1 points

Question 10
1. The binomial distribution is often used to represent the mix of females and males in families of size n. A potential threat to using the binomial as a model to approximate the gender mix in families is the fact that historical data indicates that females are slightly less likely to be born than males. Answer False True

Question 1
1 out of 1 points A government environmental agency is interested in methods that will encourage energy conservation by households within the country. They want to conduct an experiment in order to test whether the provision of in-house devices that provide an instantaneous indication of current household electricity consumption will lead to reductions in electricity consumption. The sample design to investigate this research question is to track a sample of customers who volunteer to have the devices installed and then compare mean annual electricity consumption before and after the installation. The only problem with this proposed sample design is that the customers are volunteers. Answer Selected Answer: Correct Answer: False False 1 out of 1 points Let possible level of returns from a portfolio of shares be classified as low, medium or high. The table below shows the marginal probability distribution for returns. Returns Probability low 0.5 medium p high p

Question 2

What should p equal in order for this to be a valid probability distribution? (Your answer should be correct to two decimal places.) Answer Selected Answer: Correct Answer: 0.25 0.25 1 out of 1 points

Question 3

The following joint distribution that has been constructed using data from the 1995 National Health Survey conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. This is a large, nationally represented survey of Australians. The data in the Table refer to whether an individual has used any medications in the last 2 weeks prior to interview and their self-assessed health status (SAHS). For SAHS individuals are asked to rate their current health on a five-level scale ranging from poor to excellent.
Table : Joint frequency distribution of self assessed health and use of medications for Australians in 1995 Self-assessed health Excellent Very Good Fair Poor Totals good Use 10.7 20.7 20.0 9.7 3.5 64.6 medication No 9.4 13.7 9.7 2.2 0.4 35.4 medication 20.1 34.4 29.7 11.9 3.9 100.0 Totals
Using the distribution as an estimate of the population distribution, w hich

## of the following is not

correct?
Answer Selected Answer: Correct The conditional probability of being in excellent health given not using medications is equal to the probability of being in excellent health.

The conditional probability of being in excellent health given not using medications is equal to the probability of being in excellent health. 0 out of 1 points

Question 4
Let X represent the number of visits to a GP over the last 12 months. From past records of patients, the GP has constructed the following probability distribution for X.

x P(X=x)

0 0.5

1 0.2

2 0.1

3 0.1

4 0.1

What is the expected number of visits given that a patient has had at least one visit? (Your answer should be correct to one decimal place.) Answer Selected Answer: Correct Answer: 1.1 2.2 1 out of 1 points

Question 5
Consider a coin tossing game where you win 7 dollars if a head appears on a single toss of a fair coin but you lose 7 dollars if a tail appears. Let the random variable R represent the return on a single toss. What is the variance of R? Answer

Question 6

Question 7

Question 8
1 out of 1 points It is known that 55% of your local electorate voted for the political party in government at a recent election. In a random sample of eight drawn from the local electorate, what is the probability that more than four voted for the party in government? (Your answer should be correct to four decimal places.) Answer Selected Answer: .4770