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ICEpower

General Description
ICE250A has been designed using ICEpower technology to offer state-of-the-art audio amplification. With its full audio bandwidth ICE250A is the natural choice in many audio applications such as: High end audio power amplifier systems. Active speakers and Subwoofers. Professional Audio / Public Address systems. Home Theater amplifiers / receivers. Powerful Car-Audio systems. True high-end performance is achieved by the patented ICEpower Analog Technology based on proprietary COM modulation and MECC control techniques.

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

ICE250A using ICEpower Technology. 250W Power Amplifier Size: 3.2x3.2x1


ICE250A: PCB mountable component with pin or connector interface

Performance features 250W @ 0.05% THD+N, 1kHz, 2.7 . Peak output current > 25A 114dBA dynamic range THD = 0.0005% @ 250mW, 5kHz. THD+N < 0.03%, 0.1W 200W, 4 Efficiency = 93% @ 100W / 8 Output impedance < 5m @ 1kHz Power Supply Rejection Ratio > 60dB

Other features No extra heatsink required Soft clipping Soft startup Standby Soft mute/demute Under voltage protection Monitor output

Vin+

Input filter DC blocking


Vin-

ICEpower
COM Pulse Modulation MECC Error Correcton and Control

Monitor Mute Vp Vcc

Standby

Control/ Protection
Disable

Soft clipping Mute

Power Conversion Stage with Demodulation

Vo+

Vo-

Vss

AGND

PGND

ICE250A block diagram

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ICEpower
Connection Diagram
ICE250A-TP. PIN version

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

ICE250A-TC. Connector version

Signal Pin Interface

Power Pin Inteface


Signal Connector Power Connector

8 77 6 5 4 3 2 1

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

(Preliminary interface will be finally defined by Ultimo 2000)


87654321 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

The plug interface for the ICE250A modules has two industry standard connectors that have been selected for long term reliability. One power Molex Micro-FitTM connector is used for power input and speaker output and one JST signal PH-connector is used for low level power supply, audio input and module control. The pin interface is implemented with specially developed flexible pins that can tolerate significant stress. Power Connector Specification
PIN 7, 8 3, 4 5, 6 1, 2 Function PGND Vp VoVo+ Description Power GND for the single ended power supply input Vp Power Supply (single) for the power stage (30V-50V) Cold balanced power output terminals. In phase with Vi Hot balanced power output terminals. In phase with Vi+

Signal Connector Specification


PIN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 FUNCTION Vcc Vss AGND Monitor Vi+ ViMute Standby Description Positive power supply input for the signal section. Negative power supply input for the signal section. Analog ground terminal for the analog/signal section. Unbalanced version of output signal. Positive input (balanced input buffer). Negative input (balanced input buffer). Mute input Control pin for standby control.

Ordering Information Shape H T I Connector Version (C) ICE250A-HC ICE250A-TC ICE250A-IC Pin Version (P) ICE250A-HP ICE250A-TP Not Available

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ICEpower
Absolute Maximum Ratings

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

Absolute maximum ratings indicate limits beyond which damage may occur.
SYMBOL PARAMETER VALUE UNIT

Vp Vcc Vss Vin tcase ta Rth,case-a Rth,case-rib t ZOBEL* CL

RC- Zobel is designed for worst-case music loads. Long lasting continuous stress at high frequencies above 10kHz may damage the device.

Operating power supply level Positive analog supply Negative analog supply Maximal differential input voltage Maximal case temperature Max. operating ambient temperature Thermal resistance, case ambient (component) Thermal resistance, case rip (module) Maximal duration of @ 20kHz, 25VRMS output Maximal pure capacitive loading

55 10 to 15 -10 to 15 15 100 60 5 2 30 470

V V V V O C O C K/W K/W s nF

Electrical Specifications
Unless otherwise specified, f=1kHz, Po=1W. ta = 25 OC.
SYMBOL Vp Vcc Vss PO PARAMETER Power Supply Positive analog supply Negative analog supply Output power @ 0.05%THD+N 10Hz < f < 20kHz (22kHz BW measurement) THD + N in 4 Maximal THD + N in 4 (22kHz BW measurement) Quiescent current Quiescent current Quiescent current Offset switching frequency Switching frequency range Power stage Efficiency Power Supply Rejection Output referenced idle noise Output referenced offset (DC calibration active) Nominal Voltage Gain Frequency response Upper bandwidth limit (-3dB) Lower bandwidth limit (-3dB) Abs. output impedance Load impedance range Dynamic range Intermodulation (CCIF) Intermodulation (SMPTE) Transient intermodulation (TIM) CONDITIONS Operation Operation Operation RL=2.7 . Vp=50V RL=4 . Vp=50V RL=8 . Vp=50V f = 1kHz, PO=1W 10Hz < f < 20kHz 100mW < Po < 200W Vp=48V Vcc=12V Vss=-12V Offset carrier at idle Idle to full scale variation RL =8, PO=100W A-weighted 10Hz < f < 20kHz Terminated input 20Hz-20kHz, All loads RL =8 RL =8 f = 1kHz 2 A-weighted f=19kHz,20kHz, Po=10W f=60Hz,7kHz(1:4), Po=10W f1=3.15kHz square, f2=15kHz, Po=10W MIN 29 10 -10 TYP 48 12 -12 250 200 110 0.006 0.03 20 30 100 20 380 93 70 5 26.8 27.0 0.2 80 4 5 4 114 0.001 0.008 0.003 10 0.002 0.02 0.005 100 50 27.2 0.4 MAX 50 15 -15 UNIT V V V W

THD+N THD+N IVp IVcc IVss fo fs n PSRR VNo VOFF Av F fu fl Zo ZL D IMD1 IMD2 TIM

0.01 0.06 40

% % mA mA mA kHz kHz % dB V mV dB dB kHz Hz m dB % % %

360 100 60 50

400 400

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ICEpower
Timing Specifications
SYMBOL tsd PARAMETER Switching start up delay CONDITIONS Time from all power supply1) are good Time delay to signal 1) Time delay to mute1) Time to demute1) Supply fail or Standby pin1)

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

MIN 200 350 30 300

TYP 250 400 50 350 1

MAX 300 500 100 400 5

UNIT ms ms ms ms s

Output delay tpdm tmd Mute delay tdmd De-mute delay tpsd Shutdown delay 1) For details see Figure 4 and Figure 5.

Typical Performance Characteristics


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Frequency response in 2.7 , 4 , 8 and open load. Top amplitude. Bottom Phase.

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ICEpower
Efficiency vs. Output Power
100 90 80 70 60 % 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 20 40 Watts 60 80

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

100

Efficiency vs. output power (8 )


100 90 80 70 60 % 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 50 100 Watts 150 200

Efficiency vs. output power (4 )


100 90 80 70 60 % 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 50 100 Watts 150 200 250

Efficiency vs. output power (2.7 )

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ICEpower
Harmonic Distortion and Noise
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250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

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THD + N vs. output power at 100Hz, 1kHz and 7kHz * (8 )


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Idle noise (16K FFT). Residual = 70V(A)


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THD + N vs. output power at 100Hz, 1kHz and 7kHz * (4 )


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f= 5kHz. Po = 100mW. 4 loading. THD = 0.0005%


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THD + N vs. output power at 100Hz, 1kHz and 7kHz * (2.7 )


*

f= 5kHz. Po = 1W. 4 loading. THD = 0.002%

22kHz Audio Precision measurement-filter is used. 7kHz corresponds to the worst-case situation where 2. and 3. harmonic are within the audio band.

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ICEpower
Intermodulation Distortion (CCIF, SMPTE and TIM)
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250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

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CCIF IMD vs. Po. RL = 4 . f1 =19kHz, f2=20kHz


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CCIF IMD analysis. RL = 4 . Po=100mW. IMD = 0.001%


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SMPTE 4:1 IMD vs. Po. R L = 4 . f1 = 7kHz, f2 = 60Hz


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SMPTE 4:1 FFT analysis .Po = 1W. IMD = 0.001%


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TIM vs. output power. RL = 4 .

TIM FFT analysis at Po=1W / RL = 4 .

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ICEpower
Application Information
-12V Power Supply +12V

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

48V DC 10000uF/63V

Vp

Vcc

Vss 22uF 22uF

300uF

Vi+

Vo+

Preamp, Filter etc.

Vi-

Av = 27dB

Vo-

Control

Stby / Reset control (Optional)

AGND

PGND

Figure 1: Typical application ICE250A is designed as a complete component electronically and mechanically to simplify product development. A typical ICE250A component application is in a single channel application (e.g. an active speaker system). An example is shown on Figure 1. Input / output interface

C2

3k9 1k Vi+ 1k ViC1 AGND AGND C1 C2 3k9 3k3 3k3

+
To Soft clipping/ Mute Control

Figure 2: Balanced input buffer / anti-aliasing filter

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ICEpower

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

The balanced input section provides signal buffering and anti-alias filtering. The balanced configuration helps to avoid humm and noise pick-up. Unbalanced input can be set up applying a short between Viand analog ground. The anti-alias filter bandwidth is 100kHz and the filter characteristic is shaped to match the power amplification section to provide and overall 80kHz power amplifier bandwidth. The input impedance of the input section is approximately 8k over the audio bandwidth. This should be an acceptable loading condition for pre-amps, active crossover outputs etc. Output Stage The output stage is a bridge topology with a 2nd order filter. This leads to a balanced power output on the terminals Vo+ and Vo-. The filter design is part of the proprietary MECC topology and chosen as a compromise between demodulation, efficiency and filter volume.

ICE250A
L CZ Vo+

Power Stage
L

C RZ Vo-

Output filter
Figure 3: Output filter section with compensating Zobel network The essential output characteristics are: Output impedance is below 25m @20kHz The output residual basically consists of single frequency component at the carrier fundamental of approximately 400kHz. In a standard application set-up the output characteristics lead to compliance with the EN and FCC directives. System bandwidth is 80khz in 8 . ICE250A is designed to be intolerant to loading characteristics with low output impedance at all frequencies (see frequency response under performance characteristics). The low output impedance/high damping factor means that the device can drive many types of loads. This goes for a wide span of resistive/inductive loads as typical speakers. Even heavily inductive subwoofer loads are well driven by the device without any additional compensation needed. However, care should be taken in pure capacitive loads. The ICE250A is designed to be stable for capacitive loads up to 470nF. Higher capacitive loads may compromise stability and thus damage the device. Notice! The balanced Speaker outputs are both hot with a common-mode DC level equal to Vp/2. Shorting one of the terminals to ground results in an over current situation. Also, balanced probes should be used for monitoring and measurements.

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ICEpower
Operational timing diagram

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

The ICE250A is controlled by the power supply input pins, the Standby pin and the Mute pin. If the supplies are not at their minimum values the amplifier will go into standby mode. The amplifier can be forced to standby mode by pulling the standby pin low. The Mute pin will not stop the switching of the amplifier, but attenuates the output signal with 60dB.

Mute Signal Out

tmd

tdmd

Figure 4 Mute and demute timing definitions

All power supplies good or STANDBY Switching Signal Out


tsd tpdm
Power-up sequence The power supplies control power-up of the ICE250. When the power supplies exceed the powergood levels, the switching output stage is enabled with a 50% duty-cycle (zero modulation). In order to secure power supply stability before startup, a propagation-delay of typically tsd = 200ms have been introduced. Following, the build-in mute function releases the input signal softly with a timed delay of tmute = 300ms resulting in a controlled soft startup sequence. Thus the total propagation-delay from power is applied to full signal amplification is 500ms. Power down sequence The module will shut-down into standby mode if: 1. One of the power supplies drops to an unacceptable levels or falls out completely. 2. The standby pin is pulled low. In all events, ICE250A will shut off instantly (1s) by muting the signal and disabling the switching power stage. Following a power down in event (1) and (2), ICE250A will follow the standard power-up sequence. Mute control The mute function has been implemented to allow soft mute/demute of the module. The recommended external interface circuit for this pin can be seen on Figure 6.

tpsd

Figure 5 Supply startup and shut down timing definitions

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ICEpower

250W Power Amplifier


Vcc

ICE250A

1M MUTE 100k

C BC546B R Control signal

Figure 6 Interface and simplified internal circuit for the MUTE pin Timing specifications is only valid with the shown interface. Standby control The Standby pin can be used to put the module in a low power consumption mode. The standby mode is obtained by pulling the standby pin low. This function allows quick shutdown of the module and can be used for protection of the module. The recommended external circuit is shown on Figure 7. The timings given in the specifications are only valid with the interface circuit shown on Figure 7
Vcc

10k STANDBY

BC546B R Control signal

Figure 7 Interface and simplified internal circuit for STANDBY pin. Monitor output The monitor output has been implemented as a ground referenced version of the balanced output signal. The internal output circuit of this output is shown on Figure 8.

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ICEpower

250W Power Amplifier


Vo+ Vo-

ICE250A

Internal Feedback

47k Monitor

47k

-28.3dB
150p

Figure 8 Internal circuitry of the monitor output. The bandwidth for the monitor output is limited to 45kHz.

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+
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ICEpower

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

Thermal design
Thermal design is generally a huge concern in power amplifier systems. Inefficient linear designs are generally equipped with extensive heat sinks to keep the transistor junction temperature down. ICE250A is based on very efficient ICEpower Analog technology providing high overall efficiency characteristics at all levels of operation. See efficiency vs. output power under typical performance characteristics. Part of the component philosophy of the Aseries is to provide a self-cooled component thus eliminating the need for special attention to thermal design. The thermal resistance of the full component is 3K/W allowing a maximal loss of P loss 20W continuos in the worst case situation with an ambient temperature of 40 deg. This corresponds to a continuos average output loading of the device of 80100W, which is very unlikely to occur in any practical application with music loading. It should be noticed that this is only valid for a open environment. This applies only for in ventilated environments. For extreme loading requirements with continuos average loading above 60W typical or in closed environments and ambient temperatures above 40 C we recommend the module edition for heatsink mounting. With 2K/W Rthj,rib the heat-sink can be designed using normal thermal design considerations. See more detailed application information on thermal design in the developer kit Product development with ICEpower.

Layout / Power Supply


ICE250A has excellent power supply rejection relating to the use of COM modulation and as such the are no specific requirements for power supply stabilisation. ICE250A runs on SMPS supplies and linear nonstabilised supplies with several volts of ripple. Also, power supply bypassing and layout is not critical, and will not cause stability problems as know with linear designs. For more information regarding power supply design see the Product Development with ICEpower documentation.

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ICEpower
Physical Dimensions

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

A B C D E F G

TBA TBA 27.5+/0.9 4+/0.2 80+/0.2 73.4+/0.1 M3 (4 pcs.)

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ICEpower
Notes

250W Power Amplifier

ICE250A

For more information about ICEpower technology from Bang & Olufsen PowerHouse a/s, visit our website or contact us. Bang & Olufsen PowerHouse a/s Peter Bangs Vej 15 DK-7600 Struer. Denmark Sales information: icesales@bang-olufsen.dk Technical and application information: icesupport@bang-olufsen.dk Web-site: www.bangolufsen-powerhouse.com or www.bang-olufsen.com (PowerHouse section)

Notice !
The data sheet contains specifications that may be subject to change without prior notice. ICEpower is a trademark of Bang&Olufsen PowerHouse a/s. Bang&Olufsen PowerHouse a/s products are not autorized for use as critical components in lifte support devices or systems without the express written approval of the president and general counsel of Bang&Olufsen PowerHouse a/s. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.

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