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2371 Index terms G

Gain margin Galling Galvanic corrosion aluminum titanium alloys in seawater Galling Gamma radiation GAMS Gap analysis method Gas-cooled-graphite-moderated reactors Gas-cooled reactor Gas dynamics adiabatic flow isentropic flow Mach number normal shocks nozzle oblique shocks Rankine-Hugoniot equation stagnation pressure and temperature supersonic flow Gas gravity Gas inspirator system Gas metal arc welding Gases: at atmospheric pressure, ratio of principal specific heats dynamics, see Gas dynamics flow in pipes global warming ideal constant values mixtures quasi-static process 1320 2027 1341 1363 1342 1355 1342 1282 897 381 380 56 101 381 1705 1711 1714 373 484 1701 1701 1310 1310 1310 1310 1311 1311 1313 1312 1310 1314 1509 1491 1493 1162 463

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2372 Index terms


Gases (Continued) temperature universal gas constant mean beam length noncondensable, effect on condensation radiation specific heat stagnation point heating thermal conductivity thermal radiation properties thermophysical properties see also Air pollution. Air pollution control technologies Gasket crush Gaskets, cryogenic service Gasket/rope seal materials Gaskets bolt pattern bolting pattern indicating good vs. poor sealing areas common gasket materials, gasket factors and minimum design seating stress table flange thickness flange surfaces metallic non-metallic original vs. redesigned gasket for improved sealing ASME method simplified method thickness and compressibility Gas turbine airfoil cooling applications aircraft, see Aircraft gas turbines automobile 1728 630 632 632 631 631 633 631 632 633 1723 1736 1749 633 1145 1953 637 629 632 1335 1344

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1415 1417 1424 1415 1466 1342 1406 1370 1377 1415 1254

2373 Index terms


Gas turbine (Continued) combined cycle power plant industrial integrated gasification surface transportation railroad use of coal use of exhaust heat availability axial blading buckets combustors comparisons with diesel and steam engines components combustion system compressors cost emissions controls cooling water and air systems efficiency enclosures and lagging engine types exhaust system firing temperature first stage nozzle first-stage air-cooled bucket fossil fuel technologies, comparison fuel systems history inlet systems lubricating systems maintenance nonaviation fuels operating principles 1751 1753 1753 1751 1754 1755 1727 1757 1728 1751 1749 1761 1734 1724 1724 1724 1762 1728 1730 1728 1747 1731 1737 1739 1725 1755 1738 1724 1728 1738 1724 1735 1735 1762 1739 1727 1738 1739 1759 1761 1526 1723

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2374 Index terms


Gas turbine (Continued) operation performance configurations and cycle characteristics gas generator intercooling multishaft turbine power turbine regenerative, multishaft turbine reheat or refired turbine simple-cycle, single-shaft turbine single-shaft, intercooled turbine temperature-entropy diagrams trends two-shaft turbine pressure ratio radial in-flow regeneration reliability temperature changes thermodynamic cycle, see Thermodynamic cycle water-wash systems working fluids Gear: finishing machining methods manufacturing teeth General Electric Geometry data Geopressured resources Geothermal energy conversion binary cycle direct steam flashed steam 1067 1739 1724 1740

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1724 1740 1740 1741 1742 1741 1741 1746 1745 1741 1744 1743 1746 1750 1747 1742 1761 1724 1748 1751 1734 1749 1761 1725

1063 1067 1063 1067 513 2273 1634 1585 1587 1588 1587 1588

2375 Index terms


Geothermal energy conversion (Continued) hybrid fossil/geothermal plants Geothermal resources: classification energy conversion binary cycle conversion direct steam conversion flashed steam conversion hybrid fossil/geothermal plants geopressured resources hot dry rock resources hot igneous resources hydrothermal resources liquid-dominated vapor-dominated Geysers, The Gibbs free energy Gifford-McMahan cycles Glass: cryogenic service for use in electronic packaging Global climate change Goodman relationship diagram, modified Graham v. John Deere Granular activated carbon treatment Grashof number Grease, lubrication Greenhouse Grinding electrical discharge electrochemical electrochemical discharge low-stress machines wheels, standard system 1947 1953 345 2026 413 2254 2038 1653 518 1573 1074 1093 1088 1088 1079 1082 1078 1074 1584 1587 1588 1587 1588 1590 1585 1585 1584 1584 1585 1585 1584 1339 1930 1932 1590

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2376 Index terms


Gross hazard analysis Group technology computer-aided process planning machine cell designs part family formation parts, classification and coding production flow analysis Guards Guidelines for improving design quality 2198 1199 1203 1201 1200 1200 1201

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2209 2220 479

H
Haalands equation Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Handbooks, as information sources Hardenability see also Steel, hardenability Hardgrove method Hardware: VR hardware Hazard: analysis classification critically ranking index see also Safety engineering Hazardous waste treatment Hearth-type pusher furnace Heat: available, see Available heat loss: calculation flow of air or flue gas across tube banks sinks, see Extended surface Heat engine bottoming unit 1336 1767 1771 1986 1486 2035 1450 2239 2198 2221 2198 2240 320 1541 1317 2289 2289 25

2377 Index terms


Heat engine (Continued) Carnot efficiency conventional steam turbine cycle thermal efficiency heat rate Kalina cycle Mollier diagram simple turbine cycle topping unit typical fossil unit turbine cycle heat balance typical nuclear unit turbine cycle heat balance Heat exchanger: air cooled, see Air-cooled heat exchanger baffle spacing boiler feedwater heaters ceramic design, see Heat exchanger design equations for required surface external latent heat transfer mean temperature difference nomenclature operational problems critical heat flux in vaporizers flow maldistribution fowling inadequate venting, drainage or blowdown instability shellside flow maldistribution temperature pinch tubeside flow maldistribution vibration overall heat-transfer coefficient plate-type pressure drop process 1614 1927 1614 1614 1635 1627 1630 1629 1627 1631 1630 1629 1629 1629 1628 1615 1610 1616 1894 1628 1613 1497 1766 1771 1771 1767 1768 1772 1771 1775 1768 1771 1770 1770

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2378 Index terms


Heat exchanger (Continued) program quality and selection rating methods recommended minimum temperatures to avoid acid rain recuperator regenerator sensible heat transfer shell and tube, see Shell and tube heat exchanger size and cost estimation spiral plate surface temperature profiles thermodynamics use of computers in thermal design process Heat exchanger design, using computers design determining and organizing imput data fouling geometry data process data incrementation main convergence loops program quality and selection rating simulation Heat extraction rates Heat flux: critical maximum, shell and tube reboilers and vaporizers Heat of formation Heat gain Heating air requirements conduction in plane walls 1630 1625 1456 1988 1982 1987 1982 1613 1644 1613 1613 1614 1633 1616

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1610 1613 1601 1397 1399 1352 1631 1631 1633 1633 1635 1634 1634 1631 1631 1633 1632 1633 1989

2379 Index terms


Heating (Continued) design conditions film coefficient forced convection fuel requirements heat loss calculation heat transfer heat transmission in structures indoor design temperature mechanical solar outdoor design temperature overall heat transfer coefficient overall resistance passive solar rates, furnace thermal conduction thermal convection thermal radiation thermal resistance wall with thermal resistances in series see also HVAC Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning, see HVAC Heat pump: air-to-air air-to-water balance point closed loop comparison of building heat loads with pump capacities ground-coupled supplemental heat water-to-air water-to-water Heat pipes boiling limit 1996 1998 1996 1997 1997 1424 1427 1996 1996 1996 1997 1985 1985 1983 1987 1986 1982 1982 1986 1569 1986 1985 1985 1569 1571 1501 1982 1983 1984 1983 1985

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2380 Index terms


Heat pipes (Continued) capillary pressure construction limitation: transport sonic viscous Mach number operation pressure drop: liquid normal and axial hydrostatic vapor Reynolds number thermal resistance wick structures: capillary radius thermal conductivity Heat pump Heat-recovery boiler Heat transfer to and from body combustion conduction, see Conduction convection, see Convection correlations, electronic equipment cooling, see Contact resistance, Forced convection, Free convection furnace coefficients for gas and solid radiation combined coefficients combined emissivity and absorptivity factors combined radiation factors from combustion gases to load convection emissivity-absorptivity 1462 1473 1483 1465 1472 147 1481 1465 1425 1429 1337 1601 1425 1425 1426 1426 1427 1424 1426 1426 1426 1424 1425 1424

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1334 1361 1367 1462 1980 1439

2381 Index terms


Heat transfer (Continued) equivalent temperature profiles fluidized-bed gas radiation heating time as function of loading pattern, square billets heating time as function of thickness, carbon steel slabs log mean temperature difference mean emissivity and absorptivity mean value of gas temperature non-steady-state conduction overall ratio radiation charts solid-state radiation, see Black-body radiation steady-state conduction temperature profiles latent minimum entropy generation modes: conduction evaporation forced convection free convection radiation negligible load thermal resistance Newman method phase change radiative sensible Heat transfer coefficient air-cooled heat exchangers convective heat exchangers hollow cylinder hollow sphere 346 350 349 349 349 1477 1477 1654 1655 1975 1393 1652 1625 1983 1615 1378 1378 1472 1479 1975 1362 1479 1464 1471 1472 1472 1474 1477 1481 1465 1478 1480 1483 1466 1471

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2382 Index terms


Heat transfer coefficient (Continued) nucleate boiling overall plane well shell and tube condensers shell and tube reboilers and vaponzers shell and tube single-phase exchangers tube banks in cross flow Heat treatment: nickel alloys Heavy-water-moderated natural-uranium-fueled reactor Helium: cryogen cryogenic processing: liquifier flow sheet purification and liquification recovery process HEII heat capacity in natural gases phase diagram temperature-entropy diagram Helmholtz free energy Herringbone groove Hertzian stress Heuristics/priority dispatching rules Hexadecanol, physical adsorption Hierarchical computer control High-energy-rate forming High-strength bolts, installation nut rotation High-temperature gas-cooled reactors vessel and core configuration Hobbing 1964 1962 1962 1917 1701 84 1624

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1381 1985 1378 1620 1623 1618 1395

1919 1965 1920 1963 1920 1921 1339 555 566 1020 618 1197 1119 1153 1155 1700 1705 1708 1114

2383 Index terms


Honeycomb seals annular seals materials Hookes law Hopper trucks Hoppers Hoshin planning method Hot-dip plating Hot dry rock resources Hot refrigerant gas defrost Hot-working processes classification defined drawing blank diameters pressure estimation extrusion forging types rolling isothermal spinning setup and dimensional relations tube piercing pipe welding Human comfort, indoor environmental control Human error analysis Human Factors Design Handbook Human factors engineering defined evaluation general population expectations human-machine relationships principles 653 654 653 193 1218 1212 1214 484 1131 1585 1909 1102 1103 1102 1107 1109 1110 1107 1105 1105 1103 1104 1110 1111 1111 1111 1118 1111 1979 2198 2289 2202 2202 789 2204 2202 2203 200 313

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2384 Index terms


Human factors test Human performance and ergonomics Humidity ratio HVAC: energy audit energy consumption equipment control, see Building, automation systems heat loss through steam traps low-cost conservation measures outside-air flow recommendations preventative maintenance system performance see also Air conditioning; Heating; Ventilation Hybrid fossil/geothermal plants Hybrid systems, see Discrete and hybrid systems Hydraulics accumulator circuits classifications constant flow and constant pressure means of speed control pressure contamination: control positive aspects electrohydraulic systems: analog digital feedback control first-order performance-time domain fluids comparison fire-resistant mineral oils 1856 1860 1832 1833 1831 1850 1590 5 1598 1598 1596 1596 1593 1593 946 329 1974

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1842 1848 1847 1847 1849 1847

1852 1856 1855 1831 1832 1831 1831

2385 Index terms


Hydraulics (Continued) use hydrostatic transmission hydraulic radial piston motor improved model orifices, design equations pipes and fittings, design equations pump set pumps and motors, hydrostatic compared with centrifugal pumps types stiffness bulk modulus compressibility effects in cylinder dynamic behavior Laplace transform variable pressure chamber for measuring compressibility resulting problems reversed loading value of oil valves: design equations symbols Hydrodynamic machining Hydrogen: cryogen ortho-hydrogen para-hydrogen Hydrogen/carbon ratios Hydrokinetic system use of centrifugal pumps Hydrostatic bearing advantages annular thrust bearing bearing pad coefficient determination 1917 1918 1918 1506 1838 1838 536 537 540 539 1834 1837 1848 1079 1084 1831 1851 1840 1842 1854 1833 1836 1835 1837 1847 1838 1838 1838 1843 1844 1846 1845 1847 1844 1844 1845 1844

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2386 Index terms


Hydrostatic bearing (Continued) capillary compensation circular step bearing pad constant-flow-valve compensation formation of fluid film vs. hydrodynamic orifice compensation pad coefficients Hydrostatic pumps and motors axial piston pump coefficients compared with centrifugal pumps efficiency: mechanical efficiency overall efficiency slip coefficient volumetric efficiency gear pump construction imput variables leakage output variables radial piston motor torque types vane pump Hydrostatic transmission pump and motor combinations Hydrothermal resources: liquid-dominated major US vapor dominated Hypereutectoid steel, changes on heating and cooling Hysteresis loop cyclic loading 422 20 1585 1584 1585 1843 1843 1842 1842 1841 1838 543 540 545 537 535 544 538 1838 1840 1843 1838

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540

1839 1841 1838 1840 1842 1838 1842 1838 1841 1851 1852

2387 Index terms


Hysteresis loop (Continued) loading and unloading 200

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I
ICE Ice: refrigeration use Ice/water, thermodynamic properties Ideal elements amplifier capacitive storage elements inductive storage elements lumped-element models modulator multiport elements one-port element constitutive relationships laws physical variables power primary and secondary physical variables pure gyrator pure transducer pure transformer pure transmitters resistive elements two-port element Ideas, patentability IGES Ignition Impedance concepts application of Thevenins theorem idealized elastic structure measuring the reactive force at the tip measuring the tip deflection 1897 1273 796 802 799 799 799 802 799 798 798 798 796 797 796 802 802 799 802 799 799 2250 309 1512 919 920 921 922 922 802 2273

2388 Index terms


Impedance plane complex impedance plane encircling coil on a solid cylinder for a thin-walled tube Impression-die drop forging Impulse response Incineration Incompressible substances Indexes and abstracts, as information sources Indoor environmental control air conditioning, see Air conditioning clothing human comfort psychrometric chart space conditioning processes space heating, see Heating ventilation Indirect refrigeration use of ice Industrial robots applications configurations control and programming defined Industrial wastewater and hazardous waste treatment see also Water pollution, control technology Industries, types Information Industry Market Place Information sources codes conference proceedings electronic, see Electronic information encyclopedias engineering societies government publications 2289 2290 2290 1189 2288 2287 2289 2288 1924 1894 1897 1195 1197 1196 1197 1195 2035 1981 1979 1974 746 748 747 749 1106 818

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2043 2025 1344 2288 1973

1975 1977

2389 Index terms


Information sources (Continued) handbooks indexes and abstracts information brokers libraries library network online searching periodicals specifications standards see also Online databases. Databases Information Analysis Centers Information in systems engineering types of information Information processing by humans and organizations biases cognitive illusions prescriptions to biases Information sharing Carnot CORBA Standards ISS mediators scripting languages Web World Wide Web Infrared cameras Initial seal selection mechanical seals radial lip seal selection chart turbine engine seals types of rotary seal Initial-value theorem Injection molding 2274 783 783 777 780 782 781 267 270 268 270 269 269 269 268 750 638 642 639 642 641 640 817 1126 2289 2288 2291 2291 2291 2288 2291 2288 2289 2289

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2390 Index terms


Inlet systems Input devices: digitizer digitizing tablet and cursor for virtual reality hardware keyboard light pen mouse scanners touch pad trackball Input-output model, manufacturing process Inspection process Insulation: critical radius for cylinders materials, thermal properties see also Cryogenic insulation Integer programming Integrated gasification combined cycle comparison with coal fuels suitable gasifiers Intellectual property Interaction matrices Interconnection: board level discrete wiring fiber-optic connections general interequipment intermodule intramodule laws Intercooling 344 344 344 344 344 344 344 806 1742 366 1751 1751 1752 1753 2233 773 1381 1373 292 292 320 290 291 291 293 291 291 1191 753 1738

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2391 Index terms


Interest calculations compounded continuous factors nominal rate International Business Information on the WWW International Organization for Standardization International Practical Temperature Scale Internet: access options approaches ftp future listservs telnetting terms usenet groups World Wide Web Intranet Invention: conception defined nonobvious patentable putting into perspective Inventor Inventorship, requirement of originality Inventory models approach general demand definitions general discussion holding cost 2250 2250 2253 2250 2255 2250 2250 994 996 996 994 996 994 995 2278 2271 2276 2278 2276 2276 2270 2276 2272 2277 2144 2144 2145 2146 2146 2145 2274 2178 2274 1953

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2392 Index terms


Inventory models (Continued) item cost maximum shortage modeling approach conclusions general models of situations ordering cost procurement quantity shortage cost types constant demand deterministic lumpy demand probabilistic Investment analysis allocation of capital funds alternatives, comparing analysis period annual cash flow benefit-cash ratio capital expenditure funding sources classification of alternatives discounted cash flow establishing cash flows interest calculation payback period present worth rate of return time value of money Investment casting Investors: equity financial concerns Ion exchange 2104 2098 2041 995 995 996 1003 996 997 995 994 995 995 995 995 995 996 2143 2148 2149 2151 2155 2157 2143 2149 2144 2152 2149 2157 2154 2155 2144 1125

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2393 Index terms


Iron: crystalline structure pure, changes on heating and cooling Ironing Iron/calcium ratio Iron-iron carbide phase diagram austenite bainite continuous cooling effect of alloys eutectoid steel heating and cooling fine and coarse grain steels hypereutectoid steel heating and cooling hypoeutectoid steel heating and cooling isothermal transformal diagram martensite microscopic grain size determination pearlite transformation rates trends in heat-treated products Isentropic flow ISO conformance models ISO 8382 ISO 8980 ISO 8980-3 ISO 8984-1 ISO 8981 ISO 10011 ISO 10013 ISO 14000 ISO 14001 Isothermal: creep and fatigue data rolling transformation diagram, steel 445 1104 21 19 19 1119 1544 19 20 23 24 20 19 21 20 20 21 23 21 23 23 21 1310 2178 2178 2178 2178 2179 2178 2180 2179 2179 2180 2180

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2394 Index terms


Issue analysis continuous-time dynamic simulation discrete event digital simulation econometrics expert opinion methods mathematical programming microeconomic models model credibility modeling methods model verification objective optimization optimum systems control parameter estimation policy or planning models simulation model, steps in construction structural modeling trend extrapolation/time series forecasting uses for models Issue analysis, systems engineering characteristics interpretive structural modeling forecasting methods mathematical programming optimum systems control Issue formulation asking approach brainstorming casual loop diagrams complexity conflicting concerns DELPHI descriptive identification experimental discovery interaction matrices 775 776 776 776 775 777 776 777 777 776 776 776 777 776 777 776 775 776 777 775 779 775 778 779 779 771 771 773 774 772 773 773 773 772 773

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2395 Index terms


Issue formulation (Continued) normative synthesis questionnaires scenario writing surveys system definition matrix system synthesis systems engineering attributes of objectives collective inquiry methods modeling aids prototype trees 772 773 774 773 774 772 771 774 775 775 774 774

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J
James Watt's flyball governor for speed control Japanese manufacturing philosophy Kanban Jepson-type claims JIS Z9899 Job sequencing and scheduling assembly line balancing automobile back-up light assembly definitions design goal chasing method goals-coordinating method life balancing techniques mixed model problem areas precedence diagram structure of balancing problem two-card Kanban system differences flow shops 877 1029 1030 2258 2180 1014 1024 1025 1023 1026 1028 1028 1026 1028 1028 1026 1024 1027 1014 1017

2396 Index terms


Job sequencing and scheduling (Continued) more than three machines product flow three machines/n jobs two machines/n jobs heuristics/priority dispatching rules assembly line configuration example problem global local types Japanese manufacturing philosophy Kanban job shops product flow two machines/n jobs m Machines/n jobs single-machine problem maximum lateness/maximum tardiness minimize number of tardy jobs mean flow time mean lateness weighted mean flow time structure time-based competition first to customer for existing products first to market for new products Job shops Johnsons Apparent Elastic Limit Joints: behavior under tensile loads bolted butt elastic curves lap 1146 1136 1018 1017 1018 1017 1020 1024 1022 1020 1020 1020 1029 1030 1018 1019 1018 1020 1015 1016 1016 1015 1016 1016 1014 1030 1031 1031 1019 194

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1137 1139 1147 1137

2397 Index terms


Joints (Continued) preload diagram short-term relaxation spring rate riveted summary diagram critical external load very large external loads welded see also specific types of joints Jordan canonical form Joule-Thomson coefficient Joule-Thomson cycle comparison with expander cycle diagram liquefaction cycle diagram Joule-Thomson liquefier Journal bearings attitude angle bearing number determining whirl frequency ratio diagram full gas-lubricated guide to herringbone grove liquid lubricated load co-efficient determination maximum load nonplain optimal film thickness determination optimal groove 120 degree partial 180 degree partial pivoted pad 840 1340 1923 1927 1924 1925 1939 512 524 554 528 524 524 546 514 548 524 548 524 525 556 557 524 524 546 552 548 552 554 514 527 524 1147 1146 1151 1136 1149 1148 1151 1149 1159

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2398 Index terms


Journal bearings (Continued) pivoted thickness determination plain shoe stiffness coefficient determination stability parameter trailing-edge film thickness determination whirl instability Journal of Mechanical Design Just in time concept 550 524 554 546 551 546 2274 1029

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K
Kaizen method Kalina cycle Kanban Kerosene Kewanee Oil v. Bicron Corp. Kinetic analysis Kirchhoffs law of radiation Kirchhoff voltage Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology Knowledge Express Kumes approach for process improvement 481 1772 1030 1519 1525 2250 281 1407 1675 2289 2281 480

L
Labor: estimates factors hours rates Labor-hour estimates Labyrinth seals applications clearance factor computer analysis tools labyrinth seals leakage flow modeling 2140 2123 2121 2123 2119 2131 650 652 653 653 651

2399 Index terms


Labyrinth seals (Continued) seal configurations Laminar flow boundary layer parameters ducts entrance effects flat plate friction flow fully developed growth of boundary layers pressure drop short tubes transition from laminar to turbulent boundary layer Lancing Lap joints bearing failure heat failure shear failure tear of plate Laplace transform definition pairs properties variable Larson-Miller theory Laser-beam machining Laser-beam torch Lathe: cutting speeds operations size tool angles and cutting speeds tool geometry types Least squares 1050 1048 1051 1050 1049 1050 364 650 1307 1307 1487 1315 1320 1393 1316 1389 1391 1315 1319 1391 1307 1118 1137 1139 1138 1139 1139 813 813 813 815 1847 440 1095 1096

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2400 Index terms


Le Journal des Scavans Lenders, financial concerns Liability business: negligence for services case study contractual obligations insurance for engineers current employee: agency and authority employment agreements intellectual property negligence and standard of care product liability defenses: assumption of risk contributory/comparative negligence state of the art product liability, laws: definition express warranty and misrepresentation negligence principles strict liability substandard condition professional Libraries Life cycle phases Lift coefficient Lift off of inspection coil from the specimen effects of changes in conditions on local signal changes Lighting: conversions 1603 749 2235 2236 2236 2236 2236 2236 2230 2291 765 771 1323 747 2242 2241 2241 2232 2233 2233 2231 2233 2235 2234 2235 2288 2098 2101

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2101 2105

2401 Index terms


Lighting (Continued) efficiency energy audit energy consumption illuminance for activities improper illumination low-cost conservation measures output reduction as function of fixture cleaning frequency weighting factors Light-water-moderated enriched-uranium-fueled reactor Light-water reactor Lignites suitability for gasification Linde cycle, see Joule-Thomson cycle Linearizing approximations Linear models: I/O form standard forms state-variable form Linear statistic analysis Linearity independent linearity Liquid-dominated resources Liquid-fueled reactors Liquid fuels, see Fuels, liquid Liquid-metal-cooled fast breeder reactor Liquid-metal solid-fueled fast spectrum reactors Liquid natural gas: cryogenic processing base load plant data on world trade mixed refrigerant cascade liquifier mixed refrigerant process cooling curve 1955 1959 1959 1962 1961 1701 1701 808 807 810 313 919 919 1584 1701 853 1701 1700 1539 1752 1594 1596 1601 1602 1593 1593 1595 2221 1598

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2402 Index terms


Liquid natural gas (Continued) peak-shaving plants storage using N-2 refrigeration, flow sheet revaporization Liquid penetrants categories limitations of penetrant inspections process cleaning penetrant flaw indication in turbine blade reference standards Liquids: at atmospheric pressure, ratio of principal heats saturated: specific heat at constant pressure thermal conductivity viscosity surface tension thermal conductivity Liquified petroleum gases Listserv Log mean temperature difference Logic gate AND OR Loss coefficient Lot-sizing techniques lot-for-lot Low cycle fatigue Low-stress grinding Low-temperature instrumentation flow measurement tank inventory measurement temperature measurement 1281 1284 1285 1283 1282 1958 1958 1960 1958 730 730 730 730 731 731 730

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732

1369 1375 1514 2276 1400 494 2200 494 2200 494 1321 1010 1014 1014 420 1079 1953 1955 1955 1953

2403 Index terms


Lubricant coefficient of friction cryogenic service density elastic deformation extreme-pressure film shape flow: fixed incline pad thrust bearings pivoted pad thrust bearings grease hydraulic fluid manufacturer and designation oil vs. grease pressure-viscosity coefficients reactivity, relationship to wear viscosity Lubrication boundary coefficient of friction elastohydrodynamic contact stresses, see Contact stresses contour plots defined deformation, see Deformation dimensionless grouping elasticity parameter film parameter hard isoviscous-elastic regime isoviscous-rigid regime map of regimes piezoviscous-elastic regime piezoviscous-rigid regime soft 530 532 518 1832 522 517 516 523 622 516 507 616 616 508 558 575 556 558 566 566 573 520 574 574 575 575 574 520 557 568 556 568 573 513 520 556 536 516 623 1953 521 522 623 521

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2404 Index terms


Lubrication (Continued) viscosity parameter ellipticity parameter equations factor film thickness grease hydrodynamic load parameter load support mechanisms material parameter oil regimes boundary elastohydrodynamic film conditions hydrodynamic map wear rate determination speed parameter symbols Lumped-element model: automobile suspension system milling machine uniform heat transfer through wall Lumped-parameter model, uniform heat transfer through wall Lundberg-Palmer theory 851 604 805 809 850 573 566 520 605 566 518 508 566 520 567 517 518 520 520 520 520 575 616 566 508

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573 513 523

M
Mach number Machinery noise control Machines in semireverberant locations 1756 1773 1789 1791 1793 1797 719 716

2405 Index terms


Machinability data, prediction Machine cell, design types Machinery: design and redesign for engineering control engineering controls alternatives isolation substitutions ventilation hazardous mechanical motions and actions measurement of noise safeguarding methods unsafe conditions Machining: abrasive flow abrasive jet allowances, sand casting chemical electrical discharge electrochemical deburring discharge grinding grinding honing polishing sharpening turning electromechanical electron-beam electropolishing electro-stream hydrodynamic laser-beam laser-beam torch 1079 1083 1079 1083 1122 1096 1098 1093 1087 1087 1088 1088 1089 1090 1090 1091 1084 1092 1098 1091 1079 1084 1095 1096 2213 2205 2208 2213 2208 2213 2213 2205 716 2207 2221 1048 1195 1201

Links

2406 Index terms


Machining (Continued) low-stress grinding magnesium alloys non-traditional current processes surface roughness and tolerances see also specific types of machining nickel alloys photochemical plasma-beam power shaped-tube electrolytic temperature thermally assisted thermochemical total form ultrasonic machining water-jet Magnesium: applications physical properties Magnesium alloys applications castings, mechanical properties in common use corrosion fabrication finishing physical properties wrought products, mechanical properties Magnetic disks floppy disks hard disks Magnetic lines of flux in a ferromagnetic metal near a flaw 751 109 110 109 109 110 111 113 109 113 113 110 289 289 289 86 1098 1096 1037 1091 1078 1084 1099 1085

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1079 1084 110 1079 1080 1081

1078 1086 1086

112

112

2407 Index terms


Magnetic particle method continuous versus noncontinuous fields demagnetizing the part inspection process magnetic lines of flux in a ferromagnetic metal near a flaw the magnetizing field flux intensity versus density Magnetizing field flux intensity versus density Mainframes Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Management: costs financial concerns line manager, financial concerns tools see also Total quality management Managing people: engineering performance without formal authority motivation recommendations clear assignment clear communication clear goals and objectives commitment effective planning interesting work image building leadership personal drive and leadership problem avoidance process definition reward system 2086 2087 2086 2094 2094 2095 2094 2095 2094 2094 2094 2095 2095 2095 2094 2095 2141 2098 2098 2162 751 751 751 751 751 284 2182 751 752 753 753

Links

2408 Index terms


Managing people (Continued) senior management support team structure in technology-based environments, issues style see also Project management. Teamwork Manometers Manson-Coffin-Morrow equation Manson-Coffin-Morrow expression Manson-Haferd theory Manufacturability: assembly considerations concurrent engineering design to process Manufacturing: activities cell computer-integrated, see Computer-integrated manufacturing computer-aided planning cycle engineering: estimating sustaining lead time process: input-output model see also Fabrication product design startup ratios Manufacturing system: computer-integrated flexible numerical-control adaptive-control 1187 1198 1192 1194 935 2139 1191 2136 2136 1192 1203 1189 2137 1198 350 350 350 1291 444 448 440 2095 2094 2085 2048

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2409 Index terms


Manufacturing system (Continued) CAD/CAM part programming coordinated system machinability data prediction parts selection programming by scanning and digitizing Maraging steels Market researchers, financial concerns Markov modeling transition diagram for a two-state system Martensite phase properties tempered transformation to Mass absorption coefficient vs. atomic number Master diagram Material handling bulk, see Bulk material handling defined equipment considerations and examples automated guided vehicle systems automated storage and retrieval systems carousel systems conveyors hoists, cranes and monorail industrial trucks plan development shelving, bin, drawer, and rack storage implementing the solution storage twenty principles unit analysis of systems data collection problem identification and definition 1205 1225 1234 1236 1239 1234 1236 1239 1236 1241 1226 1233 1235 1234 1225 1238 1241 1239 1212 1222 1224 1219 1220 1220 1220 1193 1192 1195 1193 1194 41 2099 498 500 19 23 23 23 741 402 1205 412

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2410 Index terms


Material handling (Continued) utilizing loads Materials requirements planning calculations conclusions definitions diagram lot-sizing techniques master production schedule format planned order release schedule procedures and required inputs product structure tree purpose Materials selection: ceramics and glasses corrosion general materials metals plastics and adhesives Mathematical models analogs choice of classifications discrete and hybrid systems, see Discrete and hybrid systems distributed-parameter models nonlinear systems, see Nonlinear systems stochastic systems summary compatibility continuity duals ideal elements, see Ideal elements 846 848 806 806 807 850 345 345 345 345 345 345 795 807 796 846 1223 1006 1010 1010 1006 1009

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1010 1014 1006 1008 1014 1006 1009 1006

2411 Index terms


Mathematical models (Continued) iterative approach to control system design interconnection laws linear models, standard forms lumped-parameter output equations rationale simple vs. complex state equations state-variable methods, see State-variable methods superposition system safety time-varying systems transform methods, see Transform methods see also Simulation Matra Datas Euliked CAD system Matrix materials carbon ceramic metals polymer properties Matrix solution technique Mean absolute deviation Measurements appendix acceleration measurement shock measurement sound measurement vibration measurement error analysis external estimates internal estimates introduction 939 136 142 142 142 139 140 1790 993 917 928 928 928 928 928 923 925 923 923 852 2198 851 796 806 807 796 810 795 794 810

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2412 Index terms


Measurements (Continued) use of normal distribution to calculate the probable error in X impedance concepts machine noise standards and accuracy accuracy and precision linearity sensitivity or resolution standards Mechanical design: reliability top quality management Mechanical failure modes corrosion creep failure fatigue static failure types wear Mechanical fastening Mechanically fastened joints: clamping force fatigue failure and design for tension loads differences efficiency evaluation of slip characteristics exaggerated bearing deformation installation of high-strength bolts purpose sample problem of complex butt joint shear failure solutions: bearing-type connections friction-type connections 1138 1142 1144 1158 1136 1138 1153 1139 1153 1136 1139 1138 487 475 491 491 491 491 491 491 491 342 924 919 716 917 918 919 918 917

Links

503

2413 Index terms


Mechanically fastened joints (Continued) theoretical behavior under tensile loads torque and turn ultrasonic measurement of bolt strength or tension see also Bolted joint. Riveted joints, Complex butt joint. Welded joints Mechanical seal leakage gas flow liquid flow for coned faces for parallel faces Mechanical seals balance face seal materials illustration of face seal balance conditions leakage seal face flatness types of rotary seal Meissner effect Melting point: surface film Membrane technologies electrodialysis pervaporation reverse osmosis Memory systems external memory internal memory and related techniques cache memory memory addressing metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) RAM registers virtual memory magnetic disks magnetic tape 619 2039 2041 2041 2040 287 289 288 288 288 288 288 288 289 290 643 643 643 643 643 642 642 644 642 643 643 640 1965 1146 1155 1135

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2414 Index terms


Memory systems (Continued) optical data storage organizational methods Mercury, saturated, thermodynamic properties enthalpy-log pressure diagram Metal: cryogenic service crystal structure, effect on brittle impact strengths liquid: cross flow over banks of tubes fully turbulent flow in circular tubes thermal properties thermal conductivity Metal cutting: abrasive machining broaching buffing conventional machining processes cutting fluids cutting forces cutting speeds cutting velocities depth of cut drilling machines, see Drilling machines economics factors feeds finishing gear manufacturing grain size grain spacing grinding grinding fluids machinability machining plastics 1043 1036 1074 1068 1079 1037 1047 1039 1396 1393 1376 1370 1943 1944 290 287 1261 1262

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1043 1048 1050 1062 1036 1039 1075

1041 1075 1067 1063 1075 1075 1074 1077 1078 1048 1074

2415 Index terms


Metal cutting (Continued) machining time mechanics metal removal rate oblique cutting relationship of cost factors sawing, shearing, and cutting off shaping, planning, and slotting shear angle surface finishing synthetic abrasives thread cutting and forming tool life tools turning machines ultrasonic machining Metallizing Metal matrix composites (MMCs): characteristics comparative properties design and analysis manufacturing process mechanical properties physical properties thermal conductivity Metals: electrical resistivity for use in electronic packaging for use in MMC matric materials structure thermal conductivity Metals Handbook Methane: at atmospheric pressure, thermophysical properties available heat 1264 1457 1459 136 345 142 5 136 2289 12 761 132 133 187 163 148 153 136 156 158 161 1048 1036 1038 1052 1064 1036 1038 1045 1073 1070 1039 1078 1074 1067 1041 1046 1048 1078 1086 1131

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2416 Index terms


Methane (Continued) combustion with 110% air saturated, thermodynamic properties used for gas fuel Metric Standards for Engineers Microcomputers Milling: allowances cutter cutting action cutting speeds feed horizontal horsepower machining time metal removal rate vertical Minicomputers Minimum selection, sand castings Miscellaneous substances at atmospheric pressure, thermophysical properties Mixed model assembly lines problem areas Modal matrix Models: for purchase discounts fixed holding cost total cost function variable holding cost inventory see also inventory models manufacturing model with shortage permitted manufacturing model with shortage prohibited purchase model with shortage permitted purchase model with shortage prohibited 999 998 998 997 999 999 1001 1001 994 1276 1028 1028 840 1063 1060 1063

Links
1459 1471 1263 1739 2289 284

1061 1062 1060 1062 1061 1062 1062 1062 1061 284 1122

2417 Index terms


Moist air, properties Modeling hybrid solid Markov solid surface wireframe Modular cabinet drawer storage Modulator Mohrs Circle Molding: plastic-molding powder metallurgy Momentum equation Momentum, theorem Monorail Motor drive assembly Mufflers Multiattribute utility theory Multiaxial fatigue failure theory Multiaxial principal shearing stresses Multiple and sequential sampling Multiport elements Municipal wastewater treatment biological methods disinfection gravity thickening in-depth filtration sequence diagram trickling filter Mutually supportive systems model 1126 1127 1314 1299 1233 1235 938 725 780 410 405 1184 799 2032 2032 2034 2035 2034 2033 2032 2049 802 727 1973 279 279 498 279 279 279 1240 800 199 201 302

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2418 Index terms N


National Center for Manufacturing Sciences National Technology Transfer Center Natural convection in confined spaces Natural gas analysis available heat caloric value combustion characteristics distribution environmental impact flame flammability limits gas gravity minimum ignition temperature net heating value properties sources storage types uses Wobbe Index see also Fuels, gaseous. Liquid natural gas Navier-Stokes equations NC machining, parts selection Net profit Netscape Network reduction method block diagram Newt positive suction head Neuman Method Neural networks 2274 2274 1653 1661 1505 1507

Links

1437 1437 1507 1512 1510 1505 1505 1509 1512 1512 1509 1512 1507 1507 1507 1507 1507 1505 1512 507 1300 1304 1795 1193 2107 2272 498 498 1693 1477 914

2419 Index terms


Neutron radiography showing bondline flaws News and Business Databases Newton's second law Nibbling Nickel Nickel 200 Nickel 201 Nickel alloys chemical composition classification cold work, effect on hardness duranickel alloy fabrication shear load shear strength heat treatment machining mechanical properties modifications to product special properties registered trademarks rupture stress welding Nickel-chromium-iron alloys Nickel-chromium molybdenum alloys Nickel-copper alloys Nickel-iron alloys Nickel-iron chromium alloys Incoloy alloy 798 Incoloy alloy 798H Incoloy alloy 823 Incoloy alloy Pyromet Refractaloy 26 Nickel powder alloys 741 741 2283 1300 1118 71 72 72 72 73 72 87 72 82 87 87 84 86 75 78 88 76 86 77 79 76 79 78 79 79 79 79 79 79 80

Links

2420 Index terms


Nitrogen oxides control combustion modification flue gas recirculation low excess air low nitrogen burner overfire air reburning emission reductions formation chemistry post-combustion control selective catalytic reduction selective noncatalytic reduction Noise measurement and control acoustic enclosures averaging decibels combining decibels composite panel transmission loss of a composite wall correction for background noise decibels and levels double walls frequency and wavelength machinery noise control machines in semireverberant locations measurement of machine noise mufflers noise reduction due to increased absorption in room single panel sound absorption absorption coefficients sound analyzers sound characteristics sound control recommendations sound isolation transmission loss of building materials 720 721 719 719 715 711 727 720 721 2016 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2020 2015 2018 2018 2018 711 722 715 712 721 722 715 712 723 712 719 716 716 725

Links

727

2421 Index terms


Noise measurement and control (Continued) sound-level meter sound power and pressure sound produced by several machines of the same type two-surface method area ratio microphone locations velocity of sound in gases in liquids in solids vibration damping vibration isolation transmissibility of flexible mountings Noise reduction due to increased absorption in room Nonconformal contacts Nonconformal surfaces Noncontacting seals for high speed/aerospace applications comparison of brush, labyrinth and self-acting film-riding face seal leakage rates computer analysis tools face/annular seals hydrodynamic noncontacting mechanical seals self-energized hydrostatic noncontacting mechanical seals Nondestructive testing capabilities of common methods eddy current inspection electrical resistivities and conductivities of commercial metals and alloys introduction liquid penetrants magnetic particle method radiography thermal methods 761 729 730 751 739 750 648 729 731 746 650 647 649 649 646 713 717 718 718 712 714 714 713 725 723 726 720 507 512 715 712

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2422 Index terms


Nondestructive testing (Continued) ultrasonic methods ultrasonic properties of common materials Nonferrous alloys, cast Nonlinear control Nonlinear structural analysis Nonlinear systems backlash nonlinearities dead zone nonlinearity describing functions Jacobian matrices limit cycles linearizing approximation linear vs. nonlinear behaviors phase-plane method response to sinusoidal inputs saturation nonlinearity Nonmetals, emissivity Normal modes analysis Notch sensitivity index Notching Nozzle: converging-diverging, gas flow gas turbines thermodynamics NTRS Nuclear binding energies Nuclear power chain reaction, see Chain reaction history probalistic risk analysis radiation US development US policy see also Fission, Fusion 1699 1720 1712 1700 1707 1311 1735 1347 2274 1711 1699 732 754 1046 914 316 852 857 854 853 853 852 853 852 855 852 856 1407 315 417 1118

Links

859 856

420

2423 Index terms


Nuclear power plant: capacity factor environmental consideration in operation proliferation waste material see also Reactor Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear weapons proliferation Numerical control: defined manufacturing systems, see Manufacturing system, numerical-control Numerical integration: Adams-Bashforth predictor methods Adams-Moultron corrector methods errors Euler method method selection predictor-corrector methods Runge-Kutta methods Nusselt number average Nyquist stability theorem 844 844 845 842 846 844 843 1389 1391 1397 1653 1666 1393 896 1192 1707 1715 1720 1700 1705 1709 1706 1709 1702 1709 1710

Links

O
Occupational Safety and Health Administration safety file requirements training requirements Occupational Safety and Health Standards Octane ratings Offset factor Oil: fuel, see Fuel oils 2196 2218 2226 2196 1810 1813 528

2424 Index terms


Oil (Continued) lubrication whirl Oil-water emulsions One-port element, see Ideal elements, one-port element Online databases CD-ROM commercial database services for mechanical engineers Compendex DIALOG document suppliers engineering important databases for mechanical engineers INSPEC ISMEC Knowledge Express METADEX MPD Network 1MOBILITY NTIS options for use patent STN International searching see also CD-ROM and Desktop database Op-amp: adder circuit block diagram PD control, implementation of PI control, implementation of PID control, implementation of proportional control, implementation of Open-die hammer forging 887 886 886 886 886 886 1105 2279 2282 2279 2283 517 528

Links

1528 1531

2279 2282 2281 2282 2282 2282 2282 2281 2282 2282 2282 2282 2284 2283 2280 2291

899 888 889

2425 Index terms


Open-loop design for PID control Operation characteristic curve Opitz system Optimal control Optimization methods computer programs constrained descent direction multiple unconstrained single variable unconstrained Optimization problem: classification constrained gradient vector integer programming linear fractional programming linear programming mixed integer nonlinear programming programming quadratic programming structure unconstrained Optimization theory applications data reduction economic machining problem nonlinear curve fitting oxygen supply system welded beam formulation gradient vector independent variables model operations and planning applications 367 366 367 366 368 366 368 366 366 366 368 353 356 364 362 365 357 359 354 367 355 355 362 372 372 372 898 1180 1202 914 368 372 369 369 369 368 368

Links

2426 Index terms


Optimization theory (Continued) optimal design process performance measure OR gate Orifice, design equations Bernouillis equation effective exposed, for spool-type valve static pressure distribution velocity coefficient see also Valve Orimulsion fuel, characteristics O-Rings basic sealing mechanism effect of percent compression and material shore hardness on seal compression material selection/chemical compatibility rotary applications preload thermal effects OSHA, see Occupational Safety and Health Administration Output devices: electronic displays for virtual reality hardware hard copy devices Overhead: costs functional overhead budgets work breakdown structure Overlapping stress concentrations Owners, financial concerns Oxidizers: catalytic oxidizers thermal oxidizers ultraviolet 2023 2023 2024 2123 2079 2067 1158 2098 293 322 294 635 635 635 634 634 1532 634 634 356 354

Links

494 2200 1833 1836 1834 1836 1835 1834

2427 Index terms


Oxygen: for combustion enrichment merchant plant Oxy-Fuel firing Ozone-depleting substances 1431 1433 1957 1447 2028

Links

P
Packings and braided rope seals effect of temperature, pressure and representative compression on seal flow flow vs. pressure data for 4 temperatures for high temperatures gasket/rope seal materials materials most important elastomers and their properties schematic of turbine vane seal Paints Pallet-loading patterns Pallet rack storage Palmgren-Miner hypothesis PAPERS Parallel algorithm Parametric estimating Pareto diagram Pans Convention, patent filing Parkinsons disease, cryosurgery Parr formulas Part family: classification application attributable selection matrix production estimation basic premises basic shape taxonomy 953 954 950 949 952 958 1200 639 639 637 637 635 636 639 1131 1229 1242 413 2283 1671 2131 481 2265 1970 1537 637

2428 Index terms


Part family (Continued) bistring representation design retrieval E-tree concept generative process planning history keywords N-tree concept parametric and generative design parametric part programming production estimating tool design standardization code basic shape complexity code format and design material code name or function code precision class code purpose size code special features formation Particulate matter, control diffusion capture electrostatic precipitators fabric filters wet scrubbing Parts: production flow analysis Patent annual maintenance application types best mode requirement Canadian filing 1201 2247 2265 2249 2256 2265 955 950 954 952 949 955 955 953 954 953 954 955 956 957 956 958 956 957 955 957 957 1200 2020 2022 2021 2022 2022

Links

958

2429 Index terms


Patent (Continued) chain of pending cases claims composition of matter continuation continuation-in-part description requirement design distinctiveness requirement division double patenting drawings election requirement enablement requirement European Patent Convention Express Mail filing file wrapper final rejection foreign filing functional language in claims ideas international filing advantages and disadvantages interviewing examiner invention issuance Jepson claims Kewanee Oil v Bicron Corp machine manufacturers means-plus-function language negative right new matter nonobvious requirement Notice of Allowance novelty requirement 2264 2257 2251 2264 2264 2256 2248 2257 2264 2263 2256 2263 2256 2266 2260 2264 2262 2251 2265 2257 2250 2265 2266 2263 2250 2264 2258 2250 2251 2251 2257 2249 2264 2253 2262 2252

Links

2430 Index terms


Patent (Continued) Office Action originality of inventorship patentability Patent and Trademark Office fees Patent Cooperation Treaty pending plant preparing application processes product-by-process claims prosecuting putting invention in perspective reasons for allowance restriction requirement safeguarding original document secrecy of pending applications small entity status statutory bar requirement statutory subject matter terminal disclaimer terms and expiration utility working requirements see also 35 U S C 102 Patent and Trademark Office: applications received Board of Patent Appeals duty of candor examiners fees interviewing examiner Office Action Public Search Room Patent Cooperation Treaty 2260 2262 2260 2261 2258 2263 2261 2255 2266 2261 2251 2255 2258 2266 2260 2248

Links

2256 2258 2251 2257 2260 2255 2263 2263 2264 2260 2259 2254 2250 2263 2248 2248 2253 2265

2431 Index terms


Patent databases Pattern shrinkage allowance, sand casting Payback period PCB conduction Peak-shaving plants Pearlite 18 Peat Peclet number Peening Peltier voltage Penetrameter radiography of penetrameter mentioned below schematic of typical film penetrameter Perforating Performance criterion Performance indices Periodicals, as information sources Permanent-mold casting Perpendicularity Personal protective equipment adequacy, maintenance, and sanitation background break-in period creation of additional hazard enforcement equipment selection fitting and adjustment follow through need analysis operations requiring engineering controls, see Machinery, engineering controls planning and implementing use program communication target date setting training 2215 2216 2216 2216 2283 1121 2157 1658 1958 23 1542 1393 1114 1675 743 744 743 1118 354 889 2288 1123 1158 2206 2214 2216 2214 2216 2215 2216 2216 2216 2216 2215

Links

2432 Index terms


Petroleum: liquified gases see also specific products Phase: diagram, Fe-C Phenolic resins Philosophical Transactions Photovoltaic conversions, sunlight to electricity PID control: digital forms Pipes and fittings: correction factor, loss of pressure from bend design equations kinetic viscosity Reynolds number selection sizes Phosphate coatings Pitting: aluminum Phase: variables Phase-plane method phase portrait Photochemical machining Physical exergy Physical systems: example mathematical models, see Mathematical models pattern of interconnections system graph Pickling Piercing: cold hot 1118 1111 804 804 1128 802 812 855 856 1098 1355 55 1838 902 9 128 2288 1577 1514

Links

1835 1837 1838 1838 1837 1837 1132

869

804

2433 Index terms


Pipe welding Pitot tube Plancks distribution law Planing, metal cutting Planning: aggregate financial-expenditure job sequencing and scheduling materials requirements network production forecasting inventory models timeliness Plasma destruction system Plasma-beam machining Plaster-mold casting Plastic deformation, see Elastic deformation Plasticity, effect on stress and strain concentration Plastics for use in electronic packaging machining molding processes see also specific plastics Plate-fin heat exchangers computation of fin surface geometries construction features heat transfer and flow friction factors Plate-type heat exchangers Plates formulas Plotters raster vector PM Zone 1933 1935 1934 1936 1610 1612 237 238 294 295 294 2274 419 115 345 1074 1126 1003 2070 1014 1006 2067 987 988 994 987 2024 1096 1125 1111 1325 1402 1070 1073

Links

2434 Index terms


Poissons Ratio Poisson strains Poka-Yoke method Polar diagram Polishing Polyacetals Polyamides Poly(butylene terephthalate), properties Polycarbonates Poly(chlorotrifluoroethylene) Polyesters: thermoplastic unsaturated Poly(ethylene, chlorotrifluoroethylene) Poly(ethylene terephthalate Polyimides Polymer matrix composites (PMCs) design and analysis manufacturing process maximum stress mechanical properties physical properties thermoplastic resins thermoplastics thermosetting resins thermosets Polymers: cryogenic service foams, cryogenic insulation fibre-reinforced structure Poly(methyl methacrylate) properties Polymorphism Polyphenylene ether, modified 1947 1943 133 15 119 8 123 120 128 128 119 123 132 185 163 135 144 156 142 139 139 139 193 380 482 1325 1130 121 120 120 122 124

Links
312

123

159 141 142 141

2435 Index terms


Polyphenylene sulfide Polypropylene Polystyrene Polysulfone Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) Polyvinyl chloride Poly(vinyl fluoride) Poly(vinylidene chloride) Polyvinylidene fluoride Position-control system Positive displacement pump Potentiometer linearity and conformity loading terms of selection types Powders: metallurgy Power coefficient fluid energy loss fixed-incline pad thrust bearings pivoted pad thrust bearings net flow spectrum Power plants central receiver comparisons driven by hot-single-phase liquid refrigerator model solar with bypass heat leak Prandtl law, pipe friction Prandtl number 534 536 799 850 1364 1575 1753 1365 1366 1364 1575 1365 1317 1482 1653 1127 797 1688 1302 121 116 117 122 124 118 128 119 125 870 1692 873 1858 1859 1857 1859 1859 881

Links

2436 Index terms


Prandtls equation Prandtl-Schlichtling equation Precision Predictor-corrector methods Preload factor Present worth Press forging Pressure balance loops capillary coefficient drop: factors for flow of air or flue gas through tube banks function of Reynolds number liquid normal and axial hydrostatic vapor heat exchangers shell and tube condensers shell and tube single-phase exchangers velocity heads for flow of air or flue gas measurements ratio regulator, block diagram function of Reynolds number velocity convergence loop velocity head for flow of air or flue gas Pressurized-water reactor arrangement of primary system containment emergency cooling system power production steam generator vessel and core configurations 1489 1490 1425 1425 1426 1616 1622 1618 1487 1324 1316 1308 918 844 528 2154 1106 1339 1631 1425 1304

Links

1724 1748 868 1490 1632 1487 1701 1703 1718 1719 1719 1719 1704 1703

2437 Index terms


Probabilistic risk analysis Process: annealing, steel data design and redesign Process flow chart Process flow sheets Process industries: solar energy applications Process-reaction method Product: planners, financial concerns Product defects: design flaws design hierarchy hazard analysis hazard index instructions and warnings legal definition production or manufacturing flaws uncovering defects Product design practices role of management teamwork unit manufacturing cost Product design review benchmarking quality function deployment quality loss function Product flow Product, legal duty to warn: after-market hazard recognition post-sale warning corrective action 2242 2242 2242 2238 2240 2239 2240 2238 2237 2237 2239 935 935 943 946 935 477 477 477 477 1017 1019 483 2099 1575 891 29 1634 2213 1224 1912 1722

Links

2438 Index terms


Product, legal duty to warn (Continued) recalls retrofits warnings Production: engineering, estimating flow analysis operations planning, see Planning, production, Aggregate planning. Forecasting, Scheduling plants Product structure tree Profit and loss statement financial ratios Programmable logic controllers Programming: by scanning and digitizing CAD/CAM part cost estimating industrial robots Programming languages: high-level low-level VRML Project management adaptive control engine communication computer software available cybernetic behavior of formal and informal activities dominant member dynamics causal loops models macro cybernetic model 2057 2055 2053 2053 2047 299 299 323 2047 2057 2049 2083 1194 1193 2139 1195 1190 1009 2105 2135 1201 1189 2244 2244 2244

Links

2105 2111 909

2047 2050

2439 Index terms


Project management (Continued) mutually supportive systems model process budgeting control plan coordination financial-expenditure planning means-end analysis network analysis network calculations network planning profile of demands for resources performance of personnel project planning reporting structure resource leveling resource loading scheduling summary time-phased human resource loading plan variance analysis work breakdown structure overhead project teams reinforcing system of informal activities reinforcing system of informal activities with balancing items reporting systems reporting delays structure ad hoc teams case study chart dynamics project control system project improvement effort 2055 2080 2082 2056 2057 2060 2061 2058 2060 2060 2062 2049 2049 2063 2077 2064 2064 2064 2070 2064 2064 2068 2067 2074 2064 2063 2064 2075 2073 2064 2072 2063 2074 2064 2064 2067 2048 2060 2055

Links

2440 Index terms


Project management (Continued) project-matrix organization matrix organization organizing complex projects trust and openness style see also Management, Teamwork Propane: available heat Protective packaging: general shipping environment protection storage environment protection Psychrometric chart Pulse echo instruments Pulse transfer functions Pump: centrifugal, see Centrifugal pumps and fans model, performance characteristics positive displacement selection characteristics of pumps net positive suction head operating performance in system throttling vs. variable speed drive similarity to fans specific speed thermodynamics Pump sets good reservoir design inlet strainer starting new hydraulic circuit, steps tank capacity typical design see also Accumulator 1692 1692 1692 1692 1693 1694 1695 1681 1690 1347 350 351 350 1457 2059 2058 2056 2054 2048

Links

1289 1974 1156 864

1847 1850 1848 1848 1848 1850 1848 1850

2441 Index terms


Punches and dies, cutting force 1117

Links

Q
QS 8980 Quality, definitions Quality control acceptance sampling control charts control charts for attributes defence department acceptance sampling by variables dimension interrelationship of tolerances of assembled products measurements operation characteristic curve tolerance Quality function deployment Quality tools and methods benchmarking control charts customer needs mapping method fishbone diagram force field analysis fishbone diagram layout gap analysis method Hoshin planning method Kaizen method Pareto diagram Poka-Yoke method Quattro-Pro 1179 1175 1180 1175 2164 480 483 482 482 480 481 481 484 484 481 481 482 373 1184 1175 2179 2160 1175 1183 1176 1180