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3

i) ii)

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acid


OH CH2 CH CHO OH (CH3)2C = CHCOCH3
O CH2 C CH2 NH3

Q.1. Give IUPAC names of

iii)
O

iv) v) Diisopropyl ketone vi) nButyrophenone Q.2. Write i) 4 ii) 3 iii) 3 structures of Oxopentanal Methoxybutanal Methoxybutanal

Q.3. How will you prepare Butan2one using i) Ca propionate ii) Butan 2 ol iii) 2, 2 Dichlorobutane Q.4. How is benzaldehyde prepared using i) Toluene ii) Benzene iii) Benzoyl chloride

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Q.5. What is the action of the following on acetone. i) HCN ii) NaHSO3 iii) NH3 iv) NH2OH v) phenyl hydrazine vi) NaBH4 vii) Magnesium Q.6. Give any two test to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones. Q.7. What is the action of dilute NaOH on i) Ethanal ii) propanal Q.8. Write a note on Haloform reaction. Q.9. What is the action of Conc. NaOH on i) Benzaldehyde ii) Formaldehyde Q.10. What is the action of Conc. H2SO4 and Conc. HNO3 on i) Benzaldehyde ii) Benzoic acid Q.11. Gives IUPAC names of i) - phenyl butyric acid ii) H3C CH = C CH2 COOH CH3 Q.12. Draw the structures of : i) 3 - Bromo - 4 - phenyl pentanoic acid iii) Hex-2-en-4-ynoic acid Q.13. Convert : i) Cyclohexene to Adipic acid ii) Propane nitrile to Propanoic acid iii) Phenyl magnesium bromide to Benzoic acid
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Q.14. How is benzoic acid prepared using i) Benzoyl chloride ii) Ethyl benzoate iii) Benzamide Q.15. What is action of following on Ethanoic acid i) Na2CO3 ii) Na iii) PCl5 iv) Ethyl alcohol v) P2O5 vi) NH3 vii) LiAlH4 viii) Br2 in Red P. Q.16. What is the action of following compounds on Cyclohexanone in presence of dry hydrogen chloride i) Ethyl alcohol ii) Ethylene glycol Q.17. How is Butanoic acid prepared starting from i) an alcohol ii) alkyl halide iii) an alkene Q.18. Write the structure and IUPAC name of the products formed in the following conversions :
NO2 OH (i) alkaline KMnO / 4

i)
CH3

(ii) H3O

ii)

HO CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2Cl K2Cr2O7/dil. H2SO4


CH3

iii)
CH3

dil. HNO3

iv) Br CH2 CH2 CH2 Br

(i) aq. NaCN (ii) H3O /


+

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O v)

O
H2O

C O O C CH3

Q.19. Predict the products in the following reactions.


COOH CH3 CH3

i)
CH3

SOCl2/CHCl3

COOH ii) O2N NO2


i) LiAlH 4, ether ii) H 3O
+

P C l5

iii) CH3 CH2 CH = CH CH3 COOH


H 2/Ni

iv) CH2 = CH CH2 COOH v) CH3 CH2 CH2 COOH

i) Br2, P ii) aq. NH3


i) Br2, P ii) aq. NaOH + iii) H i) Br2, P ii) alc. NaOH + iii) H

vi) (CH3)2 CH CH2 COOH

vii) (CH3)2CH CH2 COOH

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