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Republic of the Philippines

Congress of the Philippines


Metro Manila
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 5446
September 18, 1968
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION ONE OF REPUBLIC ACT NUMBERED THIRTY HUNDRED AND
FORTY-SIX, ENTITLED "AN ACT TO DEFINE THE BASELINES OF THE TERRITORIAL SEA OF
THE PHILIPPINES"
Section 1. To correct typographical errors, Sec. one of Republic Act numbered thirty hundred and
forty-six is amended to read as follows:
"Section 1. The baselines for the territorial sea of the Philippines are hereby defined and described
specifically as follows:
N. Latitude
Yami Island (E)

210703"

E. Longitude

202828"
195745"
190450"
181845"
170550"

1223144"

164800"

1222606"

Line 6 (Ditolong Pt. - Diviuisa Pt.)


Diviuisa Pt.
Line 7 (Diviuisa Pt. - Dijohan Pt.)
Dijohan Pt.

161845"
150256"
142945"
140641"
140620"

Line 11a (Atalaya Pt. - Finch Rk.)

124059"

35123

136,030

1656

34,375

2101

57,781

1052

142,360

30015

120,980

28627

148,690

30634

1,083

33146

178,480

31330

22,263

1241723"

Line 11 (Matulin Rk. - Atalaya Pt.)


Atalaya Pt.

86,155

1241654"

Line 10 (Horadaba Rks. - Matulin Rk.)


Matulin Rk.

35039

1225740"

Line 9 (Tinaga I. - Horadaba Rks.)


Horadaba Rks.

97,755

1215930"

Line 8 (Bulubalik Pt. - Tinaga I.)


Tinaga I.

35705

1221428"

Line 7a (Dijohan Pt. - Bulubalik Pt.)


Bulubalik Pt.

58,105

1222015"

Line 5 (Iligan Pt. - Ditolong Pt.)


Ditolong Pt.

34713

1221218"

Line 4 (Didicas Rk. - Iligan Pt.)


Iligan Pt.

71,656

1220928"

Line 3 (Balintang Is. - Didicas Rk.)


Didicas Rk.

35327
1220206"

Line 2 (Tumaruk Rk. - Balintang Is.)


Balintang Islands

Distance (In
Meters)

1215724"

Line 1 (Yami I. (E.) - Tumaruk Rk.)


Tumaruk Rk.

Azimuth

1250402"

Finch Rk.

123240"

1251257"

Line 12 (Finch Rk. - SE of Manjud Pt.)


SE Manjud Pt.

122754"
122147"
121210"

1253040"

120606"

1253358"

Line 13a (Bunga Pt. - Tubabao I.)


Tubabao I.
Line 14 (Tubabao I. - Tugnug Pt.)
Tugnug Pt.

111206"
104520"
94833"
91835"
85250"
74258"
72910"
71659"
65924"
61703"
61615"
52345"
52208"

1252459"

52205"

1252050"

Line 24 (Tapundo Pt. - Manamil I.)


Manamil I.
Line 24a (Manamil I. - Balut I. (W)
Balut I. (W)

52320"
60939"

55,415

34244

49,703

34840

131,330

35308

25,619

35652

22,489

2639

36,259

2033

83,350

3016

1,707

3923

125,100

6632

7,484

8919

7,667

13901

3,051

12447

149,840

1251945"

Line 25 (Balut I. (W) - Middle of 3 Rk. Awash)


Middle of 3 Rk. Awash

35525

1252842"

Line 23a (Panguil Bato Pt. - Tapundo Pt.)


Tapundo Pt.

107,070

1261140"

Line 23 (Cape S. Agustin (S) - Panguil Bato Pt.)


Panguil Bato Pt.

34751

1261208"

Line 22a (Cape S. Agustin (N) - Cape San Agustin (S)


Cape San Agustin (S)

75,326

1262800"

Line 22 (Tugubun Pt. - Cape S. Agustin N.)


Cape San Agustin (N)

33103

1263650"

Line 21 (Pusan Pt. - Tugubun Pt.)


Tugubun Pt.

83,225

1263610"

Line 20 (Above Languyan R. - Pusan Pt.)


Pusan Pt.

35522

1263430"

Line 19a (Quinablangan I - Above Languyan R.)


Above Languyan R.

12,646

1262028"

Line 19 (Arangasa Is. - Quinablangan I.)


Quinablangan I.

33150

1261225"

Line 18 (Cauit Pt. Arangasa Is.)


Arangasa Is.

22,761

1261000"

Line 17 (Tuason Pt. - Cauit Pt.)


Cauit Pt.

32103

1253740"

Line 16 (Suluan I. - Tuason Pt.)


Tuason Pt.

14,225

1253740"

Line 15 (Tugnug Pt. - Suluan I.)


Suluan Island

32227
1252246"

Line 13 (Sora Cay - Bunga Pt.)


Bunga Pt.

12,663

1251759"

Line 12a (SE of Manjud Pt. - Sora Cay)


Sora Cay

31356

1241302"

Line 26 (Middle of 3 Rk. Awash - Tongquil I.)


Tongquil I.

60015"

Line 27 (Tongquil I. - Sumbasumba I.)


Sumbasumba I.

53010"
51237"
44750"
42454"
43604"
44306"

1190136"

45502"

1192115"

Line 33 (Panguan I. - Omapoy I.)


Omapoy I.
Line 34 (Omapoy I. - Sanga-Sanga I.)
Sanga-Sanga I.

50612"
54904"
60600"
60405"
61032"
61745"

1175945"

65300"

1182500"

Line 38 (Sibaung - I. Muligi I.)


Muligi I.
Line 39 (Muligi I. - Mangsee Is.)
Mangsee Is.

73010"
74850"
75628"
75930"

Line 42 (Secam I. - N. of Canipan Bay)

81047"

23848

42,470

24611

51,003

17005

80,200

10313

137,050

7652

15,535

11839

24,805

13604

18,470

21536

79,915

11914

140,541

13450

48,815

15354

15,665

17040

5,666

20452

22,925

20909

54,990

1165515"

Line 41a (Cay-Secam I.)


Secam I.

13,480

1165545"

Line 41 (Ligas Pt. - Cay)


Cay

16405

1165930"

Line 40 (Cape Melville - Ligas Pt.)


Ligas Pt.

29,330

1171820"

Line 39a (Mangsee Is. - Cape Melville)


Cape Melville

13434

1180642"

Line 37a (Gt. Bakkungaan-Sibaung I.)


Sibaung I.

80,847

1181830"

Line 37 (Taganak I. - Gt. Bakkungaan)


Gt. Bakkungaan

5830

1182642"

Line 36a (Baguan I. - Taganak I.)


Taganak I.

101,290

1193901"

Line 36 (Pearl Bank - Baguan I.)


Baguan I.

6314

1194630"

Line 35 (Sanga-Sanga I. - Pearl Bank)


Pearl Bank

44,445

1190336"

Line 32 (Bajapa Reef - Panguan I.)


Panguan I.

4319

1191454"

Line 31 (Frances Reef - Bajapa Reef)


Bajapa Reef

115,950

1195210"

Line 30 (Manuk Manka I. - Frances Reef)


Frances Reef

6129

1204105"

Line 29 (Kinapusan Is. - Manuk Manka I.)


Manuk Manka I.

259,400

1205735"

Line 28 (Sumbasumba I. - Kinapusan Is.)


Kinapusan Is.

8618
1215245"

1170030"

N. of Canipan Bay

83650"

1171506"

Line 43 (N. of Canipan Bay-Tatub Pt.)


Tatub Pt.

84440"
90250"
91530"

1175004"

101128"

1184818"

Line 46 (Malapackun I. - Piedras Pt.)


Piedras Pt.
Line 47 (Piedras Pt. - Tapiutan I.)
Tapiutan I.

111340"
121834"
132640"
135330"
145500"
152550"

1195340"

154710"

1194728"

Line 53 (Palauig. - Hermana Mayor I.)


Hermana Mayor I.
Line 53a (Hermana Mayor I. - Tambobo Pt.)
Tambobo Pt.

155800"
161025"
162020"
165015"
173430"
174058"

1202058"

175520"

1202422"

Line 56b (Pinget I. - Badoc I.)


Badoc I.
Line 57 (Badoc I. - Cape Bojeador)
Cape Bojeador

182930"
191015"

134,230

14812

58,235

17926

113,400

16809

58,100

16417

40,870

16710

20,490

18143

22,910

19139

18,675

22620

80,016

17958

81,616

18827

12,060

19246

27,170

19503

65,270

22216

101,740

1203400"

Line 58 (Cape Bojeador - Dalupiri I.)


Dalupiri I.

20040

1201958"

Line 56a (Dile Pt. - Pinget I.)


Pinget I.

136,590

1202000"

Line 56 (Darigayos Pt. - Dile Pt.)


Dile Pt.

20847

1194725"

Line 55 (Cape Bolinao - Darigayos Pt.)


Darigayos Pt.

124,900

1194518"

Line 54a (Rena Pt. - Cape Bolinao)


Cape Bolinao

20319

1194455"

Line 54 (Tambobo Pt. - Rena Pt.)


Rena Pt.

148,260

1200020"

Line 52 (Capones Is. - Palauig Pt.)


Palauig Pt.

22550

1200058"

Line 51 (Cabra I. - Capones Is.)


Capones Is.

32,195

1201800"

Line 50 (Cape Calavite-Cabra I.)


Cabra I.

22330

1195145"

Line 49 (Pinnacle Rk. - Cape Calavite)


Cape Calavite

45,125

1191528"

Line 48 (Tapiutan I. - Pinnacle Rk.)


Pinnacle Rk.

22204
1173758"

Line 45 (Punta Baja - Malapackun I.)


Malapackun I.

18,570

1172128"

Line 44 (Tatub Pt. - Punta Baja)


Punta Baja

21857

1211302"

Line 59 (Dalupiri I. - Catanapan Pt.)


Catanapan Pt.

192135"

Line 60 (Catanapan Pt. - Dequey I.)


Dequey I.

202006"
204300"
210726"
210730"
210703"

18047

42,255

20030

48,140

23840

237

30708

1,376

1215646"

Line 64 (Yami I. (M) - Yami I. (E)


Yami I. (E)

116,870

1215639"

Line 63 (Yami I. (W) - Yami I. (M)


Yami I. (M)

20227

1214655"

Line 62 (Raile - Yami I. (W)


Yami I. (W)

25,075

1214635"

Line 61 (Dequey I. - Raile)


Raile

21329
1212056"

1215724"

Sec. 2. The definition of the baselines of the territorial sea of the Philippine Archipelago as provided in
this Act is without prejudice to the delineation of the baselines of the territorial sea around the
territory of Sabah, situated in North Borneo, over which the Republic of the Philippines has acquired
dominion and sovereignty.
cha nroble s virtualaw l ibra ry

Section 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.


Approved: September 18, 1968

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 3046


(as Amended by RA 5446 & RA 9522)
AN ACT DEFINE THE BASELINES OF THE TERRITORIAL SEA OF THE PHILIPPINES.
WHEREAS, the Constitution of the Philippines describes the national territory as comprising all the
territory ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Paris concluded between the United States and
Spain on December 10, 1898, the limits of which are set forth in Article III of said treaty, together
with all the islands embraced in the treaty concluded at Washington, between the United States and
Spain on November 7, 1900, and in the treaty concluded between the United States and Great Britain
on January 2, 1930, and all the territory over which the Government of the Philippine Islands
exercised jurisdiction at the time of the adoption of the Constitution;
cralaw

WHEREAS, all the waters within the limits set forth in the above-mentioned treaties have always been
regarded as part of the territory of the Philippine Islands;
cra law

WHEREAS, all the waters around, between and connecting the various islands of the Philippines
archipelago, irrespective of their width or dimension, have always been considered as necessary
appurtenances of the land territory, forming part of the inland or internal waters of the Philippines;
cralaw

WHEREAS, all the waters beyond the outermost islands of the archipelago but within the limits of the
boundaries set forth in the aforementioned treaties comprise the territorial sea of the Philippines;
cralaw

WHEREAS, the baselines from which the territorial sea of the Philippines is determined consist of
straight lines joining appropriate points of the outermost islands of the archipelago; and
WHEREAS, the said baselines should be clarified and specifically defined and described for the
information of all concerned; Now, therefor,
Section 1. The baselines for the territorial sea of the Philippines are hereby defined and described
specifically as follows:

N. Latitude
Y'ami
Island
(E)
Line 1 (Yami I. (E.) Tumaruk Rk.)

E. Longitude

Asimuth

Distance in
Meters

2107'03"

12157'24"

35327'

71,656

Tumaruk
Rk. 2028'28"
Line 2 (Tumaruk Rk. Balintang Is.)

12202'06"

34713'

58,105

Balintang
Island
Line 3 (Balingtang Is. Didicas Rk.)

1957'45"

12209'28"

37505'

97,755

Didicas
Line 4 (Didicas Rk. - Iligan Pt.)

Rk.

1904'50"

12212'18"

35039'

86,155

Iligan
Line 5 (Iligan Pt. - Ditolong Pt.)

Pt.

1818'45"

12220'15"

35123'

136,030

Ditolong
Pt.
Line 6 (Ditolong Pt. - Diviuisa Pt.)

1705'50"

12231'44"

1656'

34,378

Diviuisa
Pt. 1648'00"
Line 7 (Diviuisa Pt. - Dijohan Pt.)

12226'06"

2101'

57,781

Dijohan
Pt. 1618'45"
Line 7a (Dijohan Pt. - Bulubalik Pt.)

12214'28"

1052'

142,360

Bulubalik
Line 8 (Bulubalik Pt. - Tinaga I.)

Pt.

1502'56"

12159'30"

30015'

120,986

Tinaga
I.
Line 9 (Tinaga I. - Horadaba Rks.)

1429'45"

12257'40"

28627'

148,690

Horadaba
Rks. 1406'41"
Line 10 (Horadaba Rks. Matulin Rk.)

12416'54"

30634'

1,083

Matulin
Rk.
Line 11 (Matulin Rk. - Atalaya Pt.)

12417'23"

33146'

178,480

1406'20"

Atalaya
Pt. 1240'59"
Line 11a (Atalaya Pt. - Finch Rk.)

12504'02"

31330'

22,268

Finch
Rk. 1232'40"
Line 12 (Finch Rk. - SE of Manjud
Pt.)

12512'57"

31356'

12,665

SE
Manjud
pt.
Line 12a (SE of Manjud Pt. - Sora
Cay)

1227'54"

12517'59"

32227'

14,225

Sora
Line 13 (Sora Cay - Bunga Pt.)

1221'47"

12522'46"

32103'

22,793

Bunga
Pt. 1212'10"
Line 13a (Bunga Pt. - Tubabao I.)

12530'40"

33150'

12,686

Tubabao
I.
Line 14 (Tubabao I. - Tugnug Pt.)

2306'06"

12533'58"

35522'

83,235

Pt. 1121'06"

12537'40"

33103'

75,326

Tugnug
Line 15 (Tugnug Pt. - Suluan I.)

Cay

Suluan
Island
Line 16 (Suluan I. - Tuason Pt.)

1045'20"

12557'40"

34751'

107,070

Tuason
Line 17 (Tuason Pt. - Cauit Pt.)

Pt.

948'33"

12610'00"

35525'

55,415

Cauit
Line 18 (Cauit Pt. Arangasa Is.)

Pt.

918'35"

12612'25"

34244'

49,703

Arangasa
Is. 852'50"
Line 19 Arangasa Is. - Quinablangan
I.)

12620'28"

34840'

131,330

Quinablangan
I.
Line 19a (Quinablangan I. - Above
Languyan R.)

742'58"

12634'30"

35308'

25,619

Above
Languyan
R.
Line 20 (Above Languyan R. Pusan
Pt.)

729'10"

12636'10"

35652'

22,489

Pusan
Pt. 716'59"
Line 21 (Pusan Pt. - Tuguban Pt.)

12636'50"

2639'

36,259

Tuguban
Pt.
Line 22 (Tuguban Pt. - Cape S.
Agustin N.)

659'24"

12628'00"

2033'

83,350

Cape
San
Agustin
(N)
Line 22a (Cape S. Agustin (N) Cape
San Agustin (S)

617'03"

12612'08"

3016'

1,707

Cape
San
Agustin
(S)
Line 23 (Cape S. Agustin (S) Panguil
Bato Pt.)

616'15"

12611'40"

3923'

125,100

Panguil
Bato
Pt.
Line 23a (Panguil Bato Pt. - Tapundo

523'45"

12528'42"

6632'

7,484

Pt.)
Tapudo
Pt.
Line 24 (Tapundo Pt. - Manamil I.)

522'08"

12524'59"

8919'

7,667

Manamil
I.
Line 24a (Manamil I. - Balut I. (W)

522'05"

12520'50"

13901'

3,051

Balut
I.
(W) 523'20"
Line 25 (Balut I. (W) - Middle of 3
Rk. Awash)

12519'45"

12447'

149,840

Middle
of
3
Rk.
Awash
Line 26 (Middle of 3 Rk. Awash
Tongquil I.)

609'39"

12413'02"

8618'

259,400

Tongquil
I.
Line 27 (Tongquil I. - Sumbasumba
I.)

600'15"

12152'45"

6129'

115,950

Sumbasumba
Line
28
(Sumbasumba
Kinapusan Is.)

I.
-

530'10"

12057'35"

4319'

44,445

Kinapusan
Is.
Line 29 (Kinapusan Is. - Manuk
Manka I.)

512'37"

12041'05"

6314'

101,290

Manuk
Manka
I.
Line 30 (Manuk Manka I. - Frances
Reef)

447'50"

11952'10"

5830'

80,847

Frances
Reef 424'54"
Line 31 (Frances Reef - Bajapa Reef)

11914'54"

13434'

29,330

Bajapa
Reef 436'04"
Line 32 (Bajapa Reef) - Panguan I.)

11903'36"

16405'

13,480

Panguan
Line 33 (Panguan I. - Omapoy I.)

I.

I.

443'06"

11901'36"

23848'

42,470

Omapoy
I.
Line 34 (Omapoy I. - Sanga-Sanga
I.)

455'02"

11921'15"

24611'

51,005

Sanga-Sanga
I.
Line 35 (Sanga-Sanga I. - Pearl
Bank)

506'12"

11946'30"

17005'

80,200

Pearl
Bank
Line 36 (Pearl Bank - Baguan I.)

549'04"

11939'01"

10313'

137,050

Baguan
I
Line 36a (Banguan I. - Taganak I.)

606'00"

11826'42"

7652'

15,535

I. 604'05"
Gt.

11818'30"

11839'

24,805

11806'42"

13604'

18,470

Taganak
Line
37
(Taganak
Bakkungaan O

I.

Gt.
Bakkungaan
Line 37a (Gt. Bakkungaan - Sibaung

610'32"

I.)
Sibaung
Line 38 (Sibaung - I. Muligi I.

I.

617'45"

11759'45"

21536'

79,915

Mulugi
Line 39 (Mulugi I. - Mangsee Is.)

I.

653'00"

11825'00"

11914'

140,541

Is. 730'10"
Cape

11718'20"

13450

48,815

Cape
Melville 748'50"
Line 40 (Cape Melville - Ligas Pt.)

11659'30"

15354'

15,665

Ligas
Line 41 (Ligas Pt. - Cay)

756'28"

11655'45"

17040'

5,666

Cay
Line 41a (Cay-Secam I.)

759'30"

11655'15"

20452'

22,925

Secam
I.
Line 42 (Secam I. - N. of Canipan
Bay)

810'47"

11700'30"

20909'

54,900

N.
of
Canipan
Bay
Line 43 (N. of Canipan Bay Tatub
Pt.)

836'50"

11715'06"

21857'

18,570

Pt. 844'40"

11721'28"

22204'

45,125

Mangsee
Line 39a
Melville)

(Mangsee

Is.

Pt.

Tatub
Line 44 (Tatub Pt. - Punta Baja)

Punta
Baja
Line 45 (Punta Baja - Malapackun I.)

902'50"

11737'58"

22330'

32,194

Malapackun
I.
Line 46 (Malapackun I. - Piedras Pt.)

915'30"

11750'04"

22550'

148,260

Piedras
Pt.
Line 47 (Piedras Pt. - Tapuitan I.)

1011'28"

11848'18"

20319'

124,900

Tapuitan
I.
Line 48 (Tapuitan I. - Pinnacle Rk.)

1113'40"

11915'28"

20847'

136,590

Rk. 1218'34"
Cape

11951'45"

20040'

134,230

Cape
Calavite 1326'40"
Line 50 (Cape Calavite - Cabra I.)

12018'00"

14812'

58,235

Cabra
Line 51 (Cabra I. - Capones Is.)

1353'30"

12000'58"

17926'

113,400

Capones
Is. 1455'00"
Line 52 (Capones Is. - Pa-Lauig Pt.)

12000'20"

16809'

58,100

Palauig
Pt.
Line 53 (Palauig. - Hermana Mayor
I.)

11953'40"

16417'

40,870

Pincle
Line 49
Calavite

(Pinnacle

Rk.

I.

1525'50"

Hermana
Mayor
I.
Line 53a (Hermana Mayor Tambobo
Pt.)

1547'10"

11947'28"

16710'

20,490

Tambobo
Pt. 1558'00"
Line 54 (Tambobo Pt. - Rena Pt.)

11944'55"

18143'

22,910

Rena
Pt. 1610'25"
Line 54a (Rena Pt. - Cape Bolinao

11945'18"

19139'

18,675

Cape
Bolinao 1620'20"
Line 55 (Cape Bolinao - Darigayos
Pt.)

11947'25"

22620'

80,016

Darigayos
Pt.
Line 56 (Darigayos Pt. - Dile Pt.)

1650'15"

12020'00"

17958'

81,616

Dile
Line 56a (Disle Pt. - Pinget I.)

Pt.

1734'30"

12019'58"

18827'

12,060

Pinget
Line 56b (Pinget I. - Badoc I.)

I.

1740'58"

12020'58"

19246'

27,170

Badoc
I.
Line 57 (Badoc I. - Cape Bojeador)

1755'20"

12024'22"

19503'

65,270

Cape
Bojeador 1829'30"
Line 58 (Cape Bojeador - Dalupiri I.)

12034'00"

22216'

101,740

Dalupiri
I.
Line 59 (Dalupiri I. - Catanapan Pt.)

1910'15"

12113'02"

21329'

25,075

Catanapan
Pt. 1921'35"
Line 60 (Catanapan Pt. - Dequey I.)

12120'56"

20227'

116,870

Dequey
Line 61 (Dequey I. - Raile)

2920'06"

12146'35"

18047'

42,255

Raile
Line 62 (Raile - Y'ami I. (W)

2043'00"

12146'55"

20030'

48,140

Y'ami
I.(W)
Line 63 (Y'ami I. (W) - Y'ami I. (M)

2107'26"

12156'39"

23840'

237

Y'ami
I.
(M)
Line 64 (Y'ami I.(M) - Y'ami I. (E)

2107'30"

12156'46"

30708'

1,376

Y'ami I. (E)

2107'03"

12157'24"

I.

Sec. 2. All waters within the baselines provided for in Sec. one hereof are considered inland or
internal waters of the Philippines.
chanrob les vi rtualaw l ibra ry

Section 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.


Approved: June 17, 1961.