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Method of

AL
   
Namz k Tarqa (anaf)
This

booklet was written by Shaykh-e-arqat Amr-eAl-e-Sunnat, the founder of Dawat-e-Islami arat


Allma Mauln Muammad Ilys Ar Qdir Razav
      
   
   in Urdu. The translation Majlis has translated
this booklet into English. If you find any mistakes in the
translation or composing, please intimate the translation
Majlis on the following address and gain awb.

Translation Majlis (Dawat-e-Islami)


Alami Madan Markaz, Faizn-e-Madna, Mahalla Saudagran, Old
Sabz Mand, Bb-ul-Madna, Karachi, Pakistan.

Contact #: +92-21-34921389 to 91
translation@dawateislami.net

Contents
Method of al
Transliteration Chart ....................................................................... V
Excellence of Durd Sharf .............................................................. 1
The Very First Question on the Day of Judgement ......................... 2
Nr for Muall ................................................................................ 3
al even in Severely Wounded State .......................................... 4
Causes of Nr or Darkness on al ............................................... 4
A Cause of Bad End ......................................................................... 5
The Thief of al ........................................................................... 5
Two Types of Thieves ...................................................................... 6
A Few Differences in the al of Islamic Sisters .......................... 13
Both Should Pay Attention! .......................................................... 14
Six Pre-Conditions of al ........................................................... 14
(1) arat ............................................................................... 14
(2) Sitr-e-Awrat ...................................................................... 14
(3) Istiqbl-e-Qibla ................................................................ 15
(4) Waqt (Timings) .................................................................. 17
Three Makr Times ..................................................................... 17
If the Makr Time Begins during al, then ? ........................ 18
(5) Niyyat (Intention)............................................................... 18
(6) Takbr-e-Tarma ............................................................. 20
Seven Fari of al .................................................................... 21
(1) Takbr-e-Tarma ............................................................. 21
(2) Qiym ................................................................................. 22
Beware!......................................................................................... 24
(3) Qir-at (Recitation of the Holy Quran) .............................. 25
I

Contents
Correct Pronunciation of Alphabets is Essential ........................... 27
Warning! ....................................................................................... 27
Madrasa-tul-Madna ................................................................... 28
(4) Ruk .................................................................................. 29
(5) Sujd .................................................................................. 29
Disadvantages of Carpets ............................................................. 31
How to Purify an Impure Carpet ................................................... 31
(6) Qada-e-khra............................................................... 32
(7) Khurj-e-Biuni .............................................................. 32
Thirty Wjibt of al ................................................................. 33
Approximately Ninety-Six (96) Sunan of al ............................. 36
Sunan of Takbr-e-Tarma.................................................... 36
Sunan of Qiym ....................................................................... 37
Sunan of Ruk ........................................................................ 38
Sunan of Qawma ................................................................... 39
Sunan of Sajda....................................................................... 40
Sunan of Jalsa ........................................................................ 41
Sunan of Standing for the Second Rakat ................................ 41
Sunan of Qada ...................................................................... 41
Sunan of Performing Salm..................................................... 43
Sunan after Performing the Salm .......................................... 44
Sunan of the Sunan-e-Badiyya ............................................. 45
An Important Ruling of the Sunan ................................................ 46
Sunan for Islamic Sisters ............................................................... 46
Fourteen Mustaab-bt of al .................................................. 47

A Practice of Umar Bin Abdul Aziz   
  .................................. 49
 
Excellence of a Dusty Forehead .................................................... 49
Coughing in al .................................................................... 51
Reading (from a written script) in al ................................. 52
Definition of Amal-e-Kar ...................................................... 53
II

Contents
Wearing Clothes during al ................................................. 53
Swallowing during al ......................................................... 53
Deviating from the Qibla during al .................................. 54
Killing a Snake during al ..................................................... 55
Itching in al ........................................................................ 55
Mistakes in Reciting 
  
  ........................................................ 56
Thirty-two Makrt-e-Tarma of al ................................... 56
Hanging Shawl over Shoulders ................................................ 57
Intense Physical Needs............................................................ 57
Removing Grit during al .................................................... 58
Cracking Knuckles.................................................................... 58
Placing Hand on Back .............................................................. 60
Looking towards the Sky ......................................................... 60
Looking towards the Muall ................................................... 61
Donkey-Resembling Face ........................................................ 63
al and Pictures ................................................................... 64
Thirty-three Makrt-e-Tanz of al .................................... 66
How is it to offer al wearing a half Sleeved Shirt? .................. 69
The Excellence of Last two Nafl of uar ...................................... 70
Immat .......................................................................................... 71
Conditions of Following an Imm ................................................. 71
The Imm should make the following announcement after the
Iqmat ........................................................................................... 72
Jamat .......................................................................................... 73
Twenty Valid Reasons for Missing Jamat ............................. 73
Fear of Losing Faith at the Time of Death ..................................... 74
Nine Madan Pearls about al of Witr....................................... 76
Du-e-Qunt ................................................................................ 77
Sajda-e-Saw ................................................................................ 78
Very Important Ruling................................................................... 80
III

Contents
A Parable ....................................................................................... 81
Method of Sajda-e-Saw ......................................................... 82
If Sajda-e-Saw is missed, then...?................................................ 82
Sajda-e-Tilwat and Satans Trouble............................................. 82
 ! "#     Every desire will be fulfilled ...................................... 83


Eight Madan Pearls Regarding Sajda-e-Tilwat ........................... 83


Beware! Be Alert! ......................................................................... 85
Method of Sajda-e-Tilwat ........................................................... 85
Sajda-e-Shukr ................................................................................ 86
Passing across the front of a Muall is a Severe Sin ..................... 86
Fifteen Rulings about Passing across the front of a Muall ......... 87

IV

Transliteration Chart


A/a

L/l

A/a

Z/z

M/m

B/b

X/x

N/n

P/p

S/s

T/t

Sh/sh

V/v,
W/w

  

Y/y

J/j

Y/y

Ch

A/a

"

U/u

Kh/kh

Gh/gh

&

I/i

'

D/d

F/f

)*

Q/q

)*
 

K/k

)*




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M E T H O D O F A L
(anaf)
No matter how hard Satan tries to prevent you from reading this
booklet, please read it completely,

 ! "#    


you will see the

benefits for yourself.

Excellence of Durd Sharf

he beloved and blessed Prophet *. "   +"   *1@ + A0 ? said to
the one praising All  ! " #  and reciting Durd Sharf
having offered al, Present your supplication, it will be
answered; ask (for anything), you will be granted. (Sunan-e-

Nas, V.1, P.189, Bb-ul-Madna, Karachi)

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Dear Islamic brothers! Many virtues of offering al and severe


punishments for abandoning it have been stated in the Qurn
and Ad. Therefore, the 9th ya of Sra-tul-Munfiqn in
Para 28 says:
1

Contents
Correct Pronunciation of Alphabets is Essential ........................... 27
Warning! ....................................................................................... 27
Madrasa-tul-Madna ................................................................... 28
(4) Ruk .................................................................................. 29
(5) Sujd .................................................................................. 29
Disadvantages of Carpets ............................................................. 31
How to Purify an Impure Carpet ................................................... 31
(6) Qada-e-khra............................................................... 32
(7) Khurj-e-Biuni .............................................................. 32
Thirty Wjibt of al ................................................................. 33
Approximately Ninety-Six (96) Sunan of al ............................. 36
Sunan of Takbr-e-Tarma.................................................... 36
Sunan of Qiym ....................................................................... 37
Sunan of Ruk ........................................................................ 38
Sunan of Qawma ................................................................... 39
Sunan of Sajda....................................................................... 40
Sunan of Jalsa ........................................................................ 41
Sunan of Standing for the Second Rakat ................................ 41
Sunan of Qada ...................................................................... 41
Sunan of Performing Salm..................................................... 43
Sunan after Performing the Salm .......................................... 44
Sunan of the Sunan-e-Badiyya ............................................. 45
An Important Ruling of the Sunan ................................................ 46
Sunan for Islamic Sisters ............................................................... 46
Fourteen Mustaab-bt of al .................................................. 47

A Practice of Umar Bin Abdul Aziz   
  .................................. 49
 
Excellence of a Dusty Forehead .................................................... 49
Coughing in al .................................................................... 51
Reading (from a written script) in al ................................. 52
Definition of Amal-e-Kar ...................................................... 53
II




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 *.  /% . 0+  12 3 4
 '*+ ,

 :
 =   :+>   
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    8 6  9 %     


M E T H O D O F A L
(anaf)
No matter how hard Satan tries to prevent you from reading this
booklet, please read it completely,

 ! "#    


you will see the

benefits for yourself.

Excellence of Durd Sharf

he beloved and blessed Prophet *. "   +"   *1@ + A0 ? said to
the one praising All  ! " #  and reciting Durd Sharf
having offered al, Present your supplication, it will be
answered; ask (for anything), you will be granted. (Sunan-e-

Nas, V.1, P.189, Bb-ul-Madna, Karachi)

%'  E 0+  1@
+  A 0 ?


1  
C
  D( 0  6 *?

Dear Islamic brothers! Many virtues of offering al and severe


punishments for abandoning it have been stated in the Qurn
and Ad. Therefore, the 9th ya of Sra-tul-Munfiqn in
Para 28 says:
1

Method of al

Moreover, the correct pronunciations of letters as well as


Sunnas are taught to the adults usually after al-tul-Ish in
Masjid. Would that everyone starts teaching and learning the
Holy Qurn in their homes! Would that every such Islamic
brother able enough to recite the Qurn correctly starts teaching
other Islamic brothers! Likewise, the Islamic sisters who can
recite correctly should teach others and those who cannot
recite properly should learn from them.  ! " #    , Qurnic
teachings will prevail everywhere and those learning and
teaching will earn great awb,  ! " #    .

(4) Ruk
The least level of Ruk is to bend forward to such an extent
that if hands are stretched, they should reach the knees (Durr-eMukhtr, Rad-dul-Mutr, V2, P166) while complete Ruk is to keep
the back horizontally straight. (shiya-tu-aw, P229)
The beloved Rasl of All *. "   +"   *1 @ + A  0 ? said, All  ! " # 
does not see (mercifully) at such a al of the person in
which he does not straighten his back during Ruk and Sujd.
(Musnad-e-Imm Amad bin anbal, V3, P617, ad 10803, Dr-ul-Fikr,
Beirut)

(5) Sujd
1.

 W?
The beloved Rasl of All *W. " W  +"  W*1@ W
+ A
 0  said, I have
been commanded to perform Sajda on seven bones: (i)
the face, (ii & iii) both hands, (iv & v) both knees and (vi

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Method of al

& vii) finger-set of both feet; I have (also) been commanded


not to fold my clothes and hair. (a Muslim, V1, P193)
2.

Two Sujd are Far in each Rakat. (Durr-e-Mukhtr, Rad-dulMutr, V2, P167)

3.

It is necessary that the forehead properly rests on the


ground. Resting of forehead means hardness of the ground
should be felt. If someone performed Sajda in such a
way that his forehead did not properly rest on the ground,
Sajda would not be valid. (Alamgr, V1, P70)

4.

In case of performing Sajda on something soft such as


grass, wool or a carpet, if the forehead firmly rests onto it,
i.e. it is pressed so hard that it cannot be pressed any
more, Sajda will be valid, otherwise, not. (Tabyn-ul-Haqaiq, V1, P117)

5.

These days, the trend of using carpets in Masjid has


developed (in some Masjid foam is also spread underneath
the carpets). While performing Sajda on a carpet, make
it sure that the forehead firmly rests, otherwise al will
not be valid. If the nasal bone did not rest on the ground
properly, the al will be Makr-e-Tarm and it
would be Wjib to repeat such a al. (Mulakhkha az
Bar-e-Sharat, Part 3, P71)

6.

As the forehead does not properly rest on a spring mattress,


al will not be valid on it. (ibid)

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Method of al

Disadvantages of Carpets
It is difficult to perform Sajda properly on the carpet; carpets
cannot easily be cleaned either. Therefore, dust and germs
accumulate inside them. In Sajda, dust and germs enter the
body by means of breathing. All  ! " #  forbid, the fluff of
carpet, in case of sticking to the lungs as result of inhaling,
could give rise to the danger of cancer. Sometimes, children
vomit or urinate on the carpet; similarly, cats, rats and lizards
also excrete on them. In case of carpets being impure, it is not
even bothered to purify it. Would that the trend of using
carpets in Masjid die out!

How to Purify an Impure Carpet


Wash the impure area of the carpet and hang it; let it remain
hanging till the drops of water stop dripping from it. Then,
wash and hang it for the second time and let it remain hanging
until it stops dripping. Then, wash and hang it for the third
time in the same way, it will become pure when it stops
dripping. Purify mats, shoes and such clay pots that absorb
water according to the same method.
Another way of purifying impure carpet, cloth etc. is to keep it
dipped into flowing water (for example, a river, stream, or
under a tap) for the amount of time till one gets the strong
probability that the impurity has been carried away by the
water. If a small child urinates on a carpet, just splashing a few
drops of water onto it will not purify it. Remember, the urine
31

Method of al

of even one days old infant is impure. (For detailed information,


go through Bar-e-Sharat part two)

(6) Qada-e-khra
After the completion of all Rakt of al, it is Far to sit in
Qada for the amount of time in which complete Tashaud
 b ) up to JI8!
is recited. (Alamgr, V1, P70) If the Muall
(o  Y
offering a four-Rakat Far al did not perform Qada after
the fourth Rakat and has not yet performed the Sajda of the
fifth Rakat, he has to sit down. However, if he has performed
the Sajda of the fifth Rakat (or in case of Fajr, did not sit
after two Rakt and did the Sajda of the third Rakat or in
case of Maghrib, did not sit after the third Rakt and did the
Sajda of the fourth Rakat), the Far al will become
invalid in all these cases. In these cases, he should add one
more Rakat except Maghrib al. (Ghunya-tul-Mustaml, P284)

(7) Khurj-e-Biuni
After the Qada-e-khra, deliberately saying Salm, talking
or any other such act that finishes the al. However, if any
other deliberate act except Salm was found, repeating such a
al will be Wjib, and if any such act was found without
intention, the al will become invalid. (Ghunya-tul-Mustaml,
P286)

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Method of al

Thirty Wjibt of al
1.

Uttering

for Takbr-e-Tarma.

2.

Reciting Sura-e-Ftia, a Sra, or one such Qurnic


ya that is equivalent to three small ones or three small
Ayas in every Rakat of every al except the last two
Rakat of Far al.

3.

Reciting Sura-e-Ftia before the Sra.

4.

Not reciting anything except K and .


between Alamd and the Sra.

5.

Doing Ruk immediately after Qir-at.

6.

Doing the second Sajda after the first one (in sequence).

7.

Maintaining Tadl-e-Arkn, i.e. staying in Ruk, Sujd,


Qawma and Jalsa for the amount of time in which

:
+  Z. can be uttered at least once.
 Y
8.

Qawma, i.e. standing erect after Ruk (some people do


not straighten their back after Ruk, it is the missing of a
Wjib).

9.

Jalsa, i.e. sitting upright between two Sujd (some people


do the second Sajda before they properly sit upright after
the first one missing a Wjib. No matter how extreme
hurry is, it is mandatory to sit straight or else the al
will become Makr-e-Tarm and repeating such a
al will be Wjib).

10. The first Qada is Wjib even in a Nafl al (In fact,


every Qada in two Rakat Nafl al is the last Qada
33

Method of al

and is, therefore, Far; if someone did not do Qada and


stood up forgetfully and if he has not yet done Sajda of
the third Rakat, he must return and do Sajda-e-Saw).
(Bar-e-Sharat, Part 4, P52, Madna-tul-Murshid, Bareilly Sharf)

If someone has done the Sajda of the 3rd Rakat of Nafl


al, now he has to complete the fourth Rakat and do
Sajda-e-Saw. Sajda-e-Saw became Wjib because although
Qada is Far after every two Rakat of Nafl al, the
first Qada turned into Wjib from Far because of
performing the Sajda of the third or fifth Rakat and so
on. (Mulakhkhaan av, P466)
11. Not reciting anything after Tashaud in the first Qada
of Far, Witr or Sunna-e-Muakkada al.
12. Reciting complete Tashaud in both Qada. If even one
word is missed, Wjib will be missed and Sajda-e-Saw
will be Wjib.
( LM %& or %&
13. If someone forgetfully recites
"N ( LMafter Tashaud in the first Qada of Far,
Witr, and Sunnat-e-Muakkada, Sajda-e-Saw will become
Wjib; if someone says it deliberately, repeating the al
will be Wjib. (Durr-e-Mukhtr, Rad-dul-Mutr, V2, P269)
14. Saying the word 3 4 5 when turning face to the right
(
and left side is Wjib each time; saying the word 2 &
is not a Wjib, its a Sunna.
34

Method of al

15. Uttering the Takbr of Qunt in Witr.


16. Reciting Du-e-Qunt in Witr.
17. The six Takbrt of both Ed al.
18. Takbr of Ruk in the second Rakat of both Ed al
and uttering the word

for it.

19. Imms doing Qir-at in such a loud voice (that at least


three persons could hear) in Jar al such as the first
two Rakats of Maghrib and Ish and all the Rakats of
Fajr, Jumua, Edan, Tarw and the Witr of Raman.
20. Doing Qir-at with low volume in the Sirr al such
as uar and Ar.
21. Performing every Far and Wjib in its prescribed order.
22. Doing Ruk only once in each Rakat.
23. Doing Sajda only twice in each Rakat.
24. Not doing Qada before the second Rakat.
25. Not doing Qada in the third Rakat of a four Rakat
al.
26. Doing the Sajda of Tilwat in case of reciting an ya of
Sajda.
27. Doing Sajda-e-Saw if it has become Wjib.
28. Avoiding the pause for the amount of time in which
Tasb (i.e.  :
+  Z. ) can be uttered three times in
 Y
between two Fari, two Wjibt or a Far and a Wjib.
29. Muqtads remaining silent when the Imm is doing Qir-at
whether aloud or quietly.
35