Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

# General guidelines for solving problems on projection of planes(VTU Students) 1) First find out from the problem statement

whether the lamina is inclined to HP or VP. * It is important to differentiate lamina inclination from edge or some other dimension of the lamina for drawing initial position There are 3 ways of giving data for surface inclination Surface inclination directly given(Some times also referred as lamina is inclined to or plate itself is inclined to in problem statement) Rectangle appearing as square ,circle appearing as ellipse etc.in top view or front view 7,11,13,14,15,18,49 One corner touching HP and other corner touching at a distance above HP or vice versa 21,22,25,45 rectangle appearing as square, circle appearing as ellipse in top view or front view If lamina is inclined to HP start the drawing with its true shape in top view If lamina is inclined to VP start the drawing with its true shape in front view In problems like a rectangle appearing as square ,circle appearing as ellipse in top view or front view; start drawing the true shape in which ever view the apparent shape is given(i.e, if rectangle appears as a square in top view draw true shape rectangle in top view and vice versa) * Some times in the problem it will be given as the lamina touches HP and rests on VP with surface inclined to VP. In such cases when you draw true shape in front view touch the side or corner to HP(XY Line) 2) After deciding from which view to start, read the data whether the lamina rest on edge or corner of the lamina. Place that edge or the corner to the left extreme(*Even if you place it on right extreme also it is not wrong but how you tilt the lamina in the second position is important) *some time you have to position the lamina with its corners in the extremes like diagonal of square lamina,hexagonal lamina are inclined to both HP & VP,because to incline the diagonal to either HP or VP it should be in true length; the diagonal will be in true length if the diagonal is kept horizontal in previous view for which placing it with its corners to the extremes is a must 3) When to take Beta inclination or Alpha Inclination(Apparent inclinations) 2,3,9,23,31,32,38,41,45,48,50 When any dimension of the lamina(like diagonal ,perpendicular bisector, side of polygon) is an apparent length(reduced dimension) to be inclined to true inclination, then you should find out the apparent inclination 4) When not to take Beta inclination or Alpha Inclination(Apparent inclinations) When any dimension of the lamina is an apparent length(reduced dimension) and is to be inclined to an apparent inclinations(Apparent inclinations can be identified by the statements like appears to be inclined to )10,27,30,39,42 When in the statement it says top view or front view of any dimension is inclined at some angle to HP or VP(Here top or front view of the dimension is just a length and the given inclination is true inclination) 46 5) When to take the help of side view to solve problems When in the problem it is asked to find out the inclination of the lamina with HP & VP 11,13,16,17, When in the problem it is stated that one end of the lamina touches HP and other end of the lamina touches VP (22,24,25,26,28,36,37,) When in the problem it is stated that one end of the lamina touches both HP & VP 34,35 ** It is important to note that all problems in which side view is considered for solutions can be solved by regular 3 stage change of position method. But number of steps are reduced if side view is considered for solution. 6) When you consider side view for solution draw the true shape in the front view with initial conditions satisfied (i.e., like a side of hexagon touching HP , a corner of pentagon on HP etc).The surface inclinations and other conditions are satisfied in side view. # The numbers given are the problem numbers in the question bank of VTU