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23 27 June 2013, Abu Dhabi

Your Expert Trainer: Piet Gerritsma


Piet joined Shell in 1969 as a research geophysicist in Rijswijk (The Netherlands) and Houston (USA). He acquired operational experience as processing and special studies geophysicist in Brunei and in Canada. He was Shell's representative in international research consortia: SEP (Stanford), DELPHI (Delft University of Technology) and IFP (Institut Francais du Petrole); he also served as associate editor of Geophysical Prospecting on Migration, Modelling and Inversion. During his Shell career he has always lectured at both basic as well as advanced level covering a broad range of topics. He left Shell in 1999 after 30 years of service. Learn what others have said about his courses: A relevant up to date and well run course Managing Director, Farcape P. L. It was good, precise, comprehensive Research Technologist, Talisman Energy The course introduced to me many important theoretical concepts Geophysicist, Fugro Seismic Imaging This course was well organized Geophysicist, Petronas Carigali

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AVO and Seismic Inversion


23 27 June 2013, Abu Dhabi
Course Description This 5 days training course starts with a discussion of new developments in seismic data acquisition that have an impact on the accuracy of the AVO attributes, e.g. long offsets, wide-azimuth geometries and broadband data acquisition. It deals with elastic constants, wave propagation, boundary conditions, rock physics, and fluid substitution algorithms. It gives an overview of the factors that affect seismic amplitudes and of proper ways to process the seismic data such that amplitude information is preserved, which is then followed by the extraction of the relevant attributes and their interpretation. All aspects that are related with seismic inversion are dealt with, theoretical as well as practical. An AVO workshop will be part of the course. Seismic inversion is the process of converting seismic reflectivity data into (a) models of elastic properties of the subsurface, or into (b) a quantitative rock-property description of a reservoir. Seismic inversion may be pre-stack or post-stack, deterministic or geostatistical, and typically includes other reservoir measurements such as well logs and cores. Using the Bayesian approach, in which all available information can be reconciled, a statistical assessment of the desired reservoir properties can be obtained. The choice for a specific seismic inversion techniques depends on the stage of development: 1. Reconnaissance with no well control within the seismic 2. Exploration and appraisal with well control within the seismic 3. Focused reservoir characterization with well control and key reservoir parameters with their uncertainties. The course consists of the following four chapters: 1. Rock physics: elasticity theory and the Gassmann equation 2. AVO: formulation, processing and derivation of attributes 3. Geostatistics: estimation of variables, probability theory and Bayesian statistics 4. Seismic inversion: elastic and lithologic and deterministic and stochastic The course will deal with all aspects of deterministic and stochastic inversion. By attending this 5 day training course, participants will get a full understanding and appreciation of: Theory and practicalities of AVO analysis interpretation of AVO attributes, and the various methods of seismic inversion Statistical assessment of inversion results. The following topics will be discussed: 1. Developments in acquisition geometries and their impact on seismic data processing 2. Elastic constants, rock physics and wave propagation velocities 3. The wave equation, the boundary conditions and the Zoeppritz equation 4. Seismic amplitude modeling 5. Processing for AVO analysis 6. True amplitude migration

7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Methods for data inversion AVO inversion elastic inversion AVO case studies Seismic-to-well matching Bayesain approach to inversion stochastic or geostatistical inversion 12. 4D seismic 13. Seismic attributes

Who Should attend? Geophysicists and interpreters or geologists who want to familiarize themselves with all aspects AVO (= amplitude versus offset) and Seismic Inversion. This course will be able be of interest to persons who want to enhance structural interpretation with QI = quantitative interpretation. The theory is based on first principles; the applications exploit the latest developments in acquisition and processing and demonstrates how multi-disciplinary teams can share information in a meaningful way.

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AVO and Seismic Inversion


23 27 June 2013, Abu Dhabi
5 Day Course Outline 1. Developments in acquisition geometries and hardware Acquisition geometries Acquisition parameters Spatial sampling Arrays and point receivers Data partitioning and offset vector tiling (OVT) New developments in receivers: - MEMS (micro electro-mechanical system) devices - Dual-sensor cables - GeoStreamer (PGS) - Variable depth streamer Broadseis (CGGVeritas) - ObliQ sliding notch acquisition (Schlumberger) - UniQ point receivers (WesternGeco) - Isometrix multi-sensor towed streamer (WesternGeco) New developments in sources: - low-frequency and high-frequency vibrators - productivity enhancement for vibrator seismic (e.g. slip sweep) - Time and depth distributed source GeoSource (PGS) - low frequency sources - simultaneous sources (blended seismic) New developments in acquisition geometries: - multi-azimuth (MAZ) and full-azimuth (FAZ) marine seismic - coil shooting - long offsets 2. Stress-strain relationships and elastic constants Deformation and the strain tensor Traction and the stress tensor Stress-strain relations: Hookes law Symmetry properties of the strain tensor, stress tensor and stress-strain tensor The equation of motion and the wave equation Definitions of elastic constants Relationships between elastic constants 3. The wave equation, wave phenomena, rock physics and the Gassmann equation The acoustic wave equation The elastic wave equation P-waves and S-waves The boundary conditions Rock properties The Gassmann equation to calculate effects of fluid substitution 4. AVO/AVA Factors affecting amplitudes Example of normal incidence reflection and transmission The boundary conditions The Zoeppritz equations for reflection and transmission coefficients Approximate expressions for the reflection coefficients AVO modelling Modelling of tuning effects and wavelet stretch Processing for AVO analysis Estimation of AVO parameters Calculation and interpretation of AVO attributes Crossplotting of AVO attributes and AVO classification 5. True amplitude migration 6. Methods for data inversion Linear least-squares estimation Linear least-squares estimation and methods for regularization Damped least-squares estimation with the Marquardt-Levenberg method Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) Resolution matrix and covariance matrix Resolution and reliability Bayesian estimation, use of a priori knowledge Iterative linearized least-squares estimation; GaussNewton method Gradient search methods: Steepest Descent (SD) and Conjugate Gradient (CG) Monte Carlo search Simulated annealing (SA) Genetic algorithms (GA) 7. AVO inversion elastic inversion Elastic inversion based on AVO behaviour Angle stacks and Elastic impedance with its application 8. AVO case studies 9. Seismic-to-well matching Model based wavelet estimation Filter design to match different datasets Reflectivity estimation from well data Seismic-to-well matching methods Least-squares wavelet estimation with well data

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AVO and Seismic Inversion


23 27 June 2013, Abu Dhabi
10. Seismic inversion From reflectivity to acoustic impedance Least-squares estimation methodology Singular value decomposition (SVD) Resolution matrix and Covariance matrix AVO inversion or elastic inversion Probability theory and Bayesian approach to inversion Deterministic inversion and stochastic inversion Inversion case studies 11. 4D seismic Objectives and feasibility analysis Rock physics Fluid substitution with the Gassmann equation Measurement of traveltime differences and amplitude differences Quantification of repeatability of acquisition and processing Methods to assess the comparison of different datasets Methods for cross-equalization of two datasets 4D modelling of different scenarios The 4D workflow

12. Seismic attributes Introduction to attributes, definitions and historical overview Analytic traces: instantaneous amplitude, - phase, and frequency Attribute classification The geometric attributes dip and azimuth The coherency attribute Curvature and reflector shape Spectral decomposition and its applications

Your Expert Trainer: Piet Gerritsma


Piet Gerritsma graduated in physics at the University of Groningen. He joined Shell in 1969 as a research geophysicist in Rijswijk (The Netherlands) and Houston (USA). He was actively involved in the development of programs for statics, velocity analysis, synthetic seismograms and raytracing, deconvolution, multi-component seismic, shear waves and anisotropy, AVO and migration. He acquired operational experience as processing and special studies geophysicist in Brunei and in Canada. He was Shell's representative in international research consortia: SEP (Stanford), DELPHI (Delft University of Technology) and IFP (Institut Francais du Petrole); he also served as associate editor of Geophysical Prospecting on Migration, Modelling and Inversion. During his Shell career he has always lectured at both basic as well as advanced level covering a broad range of topics. He left Shell in 1999 after 30 years of service. Since that time he is a lecturer at CTG (Center for Technical Geoscience) at the Delft University of Technology. He teaches regularly courses for national and international oil companies and service companies both as an independent teacher as well as on behalf of geoscience training alliances.

PetroEdge is a specialist Oil & Gas training provider with our key training hub based in Asia. Since inception in 2007, we have trained over 1000 engineers in various disciplines in the energy sector. Our core focus is in developing competency in the local workforce of petroleum engineers and related professionals in leading national & international oil operators and contractors in this region. In our commitment to create sustainable skills development, we facilitate cost-effective skills transfer opportunities through world-class training courses with leading experts. Through our unique client engagement model and local presence, we are better positioned to fulfil critical learning requirements of Asian based organisations.

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Conduct this training course in-house and save more ! Call +65 67419927 ext 278 or email Justin@asiaedge.net

23 27 June 2013, Abu Dhabi


Course Venue: Abu Dhabi 23 27 June Early Bird Price

AVO and Seismic Inversion REGISTRATION FORM


A VO and Se ism i c Inver si on
Normal Price

TEAM DISCOUNTS!
PetroEdge recognises the value of learning in teams. Group bookings at the same time from the same company receive the following: 3 or more at 5% off 5 or more at 7% off 8 of more at 10% All other promotions including early bird are exclusive of the group discount.

5 day AVO and Seismic Inversion

USD 3899

USD 4099

PetroEdge In-house Training { } Yes, I would like to organise this training on-site and save on total course fees! For further information about in-house training, please call +65 67419927 or email info@asiaedge.net

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Online: www.petroedgeasia.net Email: Justin@asiaedge.net Phone: (65) 67419927

Conduct this training course in-house and save more ! Call +65 67419927 ext 278 or email Justin@asiaedge.net