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Secondary Containment

Under Tank Containment Containment my impounding

Under Tank Leak Containment Performance Requirements API 650 Appendix I


Leaks through the tank bottom shall be detectable by observation at the tank perimeter. If a leak is detected, it shall be collected.

Performance Requirements
b. The use of electronic sensors for the detection of vapors and liquids is acceptable; however, the requirements of Item a above shall be satisfied. Any such sensor shall be fail-safe or have provision for calibration.

Performance Requirements
c. The materials of construction shall be chemically resistant to the range of products to be stored at the temperature range expected in service. Other physical properties shall be specified by the tank owner.

Performance Requirements
d. The permeability of the leak detection barrier shall not exceed 1 X 107 centimeter per second.

Performance Requirements
e. The material in contact with the subgrade shall be suitable for below-grade service or be protected against degradation.

Performance Requirements
f. The leak barrier shall be of one-piece construction, or the joints shall satisfy the leak tightness, permeability, and chemical resistance requirements for the base leakbarrier material. The manufacturer and a complete description of the leak barrier material shall be identified to the tank owner.

Performance Requirements
g. The installation of sumps and pipes below the tank bottom is acceptable; however, the required leak detection and leak tightness shall be maintained. Refer to Figures I-8 and I-9 for typical details.

Concrete Ringwall with Undertank Leak Detection

Earthen Foundation With Undertank Leak Detection

Double Steel Bottom With Leak Detection

Double Bottom Leak Detection

Double Steel Bottom With Leak Detection

Typical Drawoff Sump

Liner Installation

Liner Installation

Bottom Fill Installation

Sump Installation

Secondary Containment by Impoundment

Secondary Containment
NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code

NFPA 30
The dike walls made from earth, steel, concrete, or solid masonry

NFPA 30
Tables for Tank Sighting

NFPA 30
Tables for Tank Spacing

Not So Good

Dike Permeability
Many States require Dike Liners
Clay HDPE

German Technology
1. Extension of the containment capacity and installation of Diversion sheets to distribute the extinguishing agent around the tank. 2. Perimeter supply piping is installed to distribute the extinguishing agent. 3. Vertical aeration pipes are installed. 4. Nozzle assemblies are installed to direct the foam onto the diversion sheet. 5. L-Profiles to hold the heat sensing cable are installed. 6. The heat sensing cable is installed and connected to the monitoring unit.

Installation (Nozzle Assemblies)

Installation (Supply)

Summary
13 Tanks have been upgraded (Germany only). Equipped Tanks are in operation for 4 years. No fires Technology just starting to be used in the United States