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Obviously, leading by example is important when preventing drug addiction.

Refrain from using any illegal substances and don't keep any in your home. The issue goes beyond that, however, since abuse of legal prescription drugs is a rapidly expanding problem among teenagers. Know where your prescription medications are and keep them somewhere safe. You should also monitor the amount and take note if there seem to be fewer than normal. If alcohol is a concern, you can do the same thing with liquor bottles in the home. Finally, keep an eye on cleaning products, aerosol paint, glue and other household chemicals, since teenagers can huff them in order to get high. Keep them in a secure location and be aware of whether anything goes missing. Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/10519-prevent-drug-addiction/#ixzz2EdMmAua7

ENGLISH PROFICIENCY 3 TOPIC : IMPORTANT OF DRUGS

NAME : SANJUTHA KALINGAN ID. NO:PHR 001130111 LECTURER : MISS CLARA

CONTENTS INTRODUCTION OF DRUGS ADVANTAGE OF DRUG DISADVANTAGE OF DRUG EXAMPLES OF DRUGS 5) METHAPHETAMINE 6) COCAINE 7) MARIJUANA 8) BARBITURATES 9) WAYS TO PREVENT DRUG ADDICTION 10) ACTION TAKEN BY GOVERMENT 1) 2) 3) 4) .

blur the line between food and recreational drugs. precise definition. Drugs may also have no nitrogen atoms in it and many may have chlorine atoms in it. Use doesn’t automatically lead to abuse. such as chloral hydrate.intoxicating. or in an effort to improve athletic performance or ease another problem. such as opium or hallucinogens. and behavior. and more to do with the consequences of drug use. and one or a few nitrogen atoms. a few oxygen atoms. a drug is "a chemical substance used in the treatment. Many natural substances.medicine. They may be used for perceived beneficial effects on perception. and most of them consist of many hydrogen and carbon atoms.INTRODUCTION OF DRUGS Recreational drug use is incredibly common around the world and it very often leads to disaster and crime. . In pharmacology. school. insulin is a hormone that is synthesized in the body. Drugs are usually distinguished from endogenous biochemicals by being introduced from outside the organism. cure. anxiety. Many first try drugs out of curiosity. consciousness. A drug is a substances which may have medicinal. People experiment with drugs for many different reasons. the status of a substance may be uncertain or contested with respect to both whether it is a drug and how it should be classified if at all. as there are different meanings in drug control law. It varies by individual. To resolve this. as when ingested they affect the functioning of both mind and body and some substances normally considered drugs such as DMT (Dimethyltryptamine) are actually produced by the human body in trace amounts. The molecules of drugs are complex. or depression. and psychoactive mushrooms. and there is no specific level at which drug use moves from casual to problematic. or on a regular basis for chronic disorders. What is considered a drug rather than a food varies between cultures. and colloquial usage. personality. or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being.performance enhancingor other effects when taken or put into a human body or the body of another animal and is not considered a food or exclusively a food.Some drugs can cause addiction and/or habituation. Recreational drug are chemical substances that affect the central nervous system. but if it is introduced into the body from outside. prevention. or in your relationships you likely have a drug abuse or addiction problem. No matter how often or how little you’re consuming. For example. because friends are doing it. if your drug use is causing problems in your life at work. Even within a jurisdiction."Drugs may be prescribed for a limited duration. There is no single. it is called a drug. and distinctions between drugs and foods and between kinds of drug are enshrined in laws which vary between juridictions and aim to restrict or prevent drug use. home. This list looks at ten of the most popular recreational drugs in use today. wines. such as stress. however. it is called a hormone when it is synthesized by the pancreas inside the body. some people advocate a liberal approach to legalization. government regulations. to have a good time. Drug abuse and addiction is less about the amount of substance consumed or the frequency. such as beers. while others support a strong government police drive “war” on the sale and use of drugs.

Plants had been used for medicinal purposes long before recorded history. leaves. or flowers for medicinal purposes. exercise and other nonsurgical means. menopausal symptoms. It is one of the most important necessity to all of us. This is why it is important to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the medicines you are taking. Whole herbs contain many ingredients and it is likely that they work together to produce the desired medicinal effect Some medicines may cause problems if you take them with other medicines. It is also used to maintain our health. treatment and possible prevention of disease. berries. It is a branch of the health sciences and is the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study. injury and other damage to a body or mind.Drug are consider medicine. a science of body system and their diseases and treatment. There are different types of medicine. Some of us believe in herbal medicines. . toothache and some other diseases that might catch from our environment.IMPORTANT OF DRUG In general drugs help people to maintain a quality life. eczema. Herbal medicine also uses for cough. and an irritable bowel syndrome among others. premenstrual syndrome. Herbalists treat many conditions such as asthma. Call your doctor or pharmacist if you think your medicine is making you feel worse. diagnosis. It is both an area of knowledge. the specific ingredient that causes a therapeutic effect is not known. medicines treat in hospital and etc. refers to use of any plant's seeds. diet. roots. We take medicine to make us feel better when we are sick. chronic fatigue. It is derived from the Latin words ars medicina meaning "the art of healing". we have herbal medicine. for it is pure came from plants and no other ingredients. An agent such as drug is used to treat disease or injury. which came from different kinds of plants. also called botanical medicine or phytomedicine. bark. And some medicines can cause problems. Long practiced outside of conventional medicine. Herbal medicine. fever. This branch of science encompasses treatment by drugs. migraine. So you really have to weigh your decision on certain drugs. rheumatoid arthritis. On the other hand some of the side effects can be more than a person can handle and the drug is doing more damage than good. Without certain drugs to help with medical ailments a persons quality of life can be greatly reduced or even non existent due to imminent death. even if you take them correctly. herbalism is becoming more mainstreams as up-to-date analysis and research show their value in the treatment and prevention of disease. For most herbs.

It is best to be aware about the preventive and curative information about these kinds of drug abuses to prevent them from happening. relieving stress and emotional problems. cocaine and heroine can lead to various kinds of health problems. This however is not good.Also most of the individualistic tend to repeat this again and again and various researches indicate that the disorder is caused due to genetic influence.Also the overuse of prescription drugs has been responsible for creating serious medical complications and destroying many family lives and the teenagers and young people are particularly prone to excessive drug use. If there is no proper treatment given for the same on time then this can lead to about four episodes in about ten years and these include disadvantages like patterns of mood swings with depression and manic episodes. Statistics reveal that estimates. But the most common cause of the bipolar disorder is drug or alcohol abuse. This is a chronic condition as patients suffering from one maniac episode tend to have more episodes in the future.DISADVANTAGE OF DRUGS First it will control your brain and you will get used to it. it affects your central nervous system and can eventually cause an early death. if taken. These teenagers succumb to the lure of drugs easily and they involve themselves in crime and accidents leading to poor performance in schools and society. It has been seen that these forms of drug abuses can have an adverse effect on the health and appetite of the person and in extreme cases it can also lead to death. It has also been seen that patients with bipolar disorder are more prone to substance use. Drug abuse is the chronic addiction to any form of a drug and this can lead to various kinds of side effects and disadvantages. social and behavioral problems in future. can also lead to birth defects and the baby may show physical. These patients also tend to be eleven times more prone to alcohol abuse or drug abuse as compared to the general population and their choices of drugs include cocaine and amphetamines followed by marijuana. But it should be remembered that over consuming them would only lead to added health problems. These drugs. It should be remembered that drug abuse and bipolar disorder is a serious problem as usage of drugs lead to psychoactive effects on the brain and this can also aggravate the disorder. about 40 percent of American adults have used an illegal drug at some stage in their life.One of the most common side effects of these drugs is the bipolar disorder. during pregnancy. mental. . Such patients have fear side-effects due to mix up of drugs and this also results in extreme conditions of psychological effects among patients of this disorder. because. Also large populations of the adults are also consuming these drugs in spite of knowing about the ill effects of these drugs and the risks that are involved in consuming them. Over the years it has been seen that the use of illicit drugs like marijuana. Basically these drugs were taken for overcoming symptoms of aging. which is the occurrence of one or more maniac episodes. The patients tend to abuse drug and alcohol in order to get relief through self medication or to stabilize their mood swings.

EXAMPLES OF DRUGS 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) METHAMPHETAMINE COCAINE LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE PHENCYCLIDINE INHALANT HEROIN MARIJUANA DEPRESSANT CANNABIS ECSTACY AMPHETAMINES BARBITURATES OPIUM .

Under the influence of Meth. As such it has legitimate medical functions and there are times where using meth can save ones life. ephedrine). people become agitated and feel wired. Can be used to treat overdoses on depressants (but not as a direct antidote simply by waking them up and keeping them breathing). Treatment in beta-blocker overdose. Chronic use can create a tolerance for the drug. To support their habit. Meth users often participate in spur-of-the-moment crimes such as burglaries. Meths roles in medicine are limited and it is generally used as a last resort due to its vast array of side effects and its potential for abuse. I have also heard a great number of people praise meth for its libido enhancing properties (although i have heard pothers claim meth does the opposite). But it must be kept in mind that meth is a legal prescribed drug for use in ADHD and obesity. Meth can put one in a very productive mindset and they may accomplish a lot while under the influence of the drug. The effects reported to be generally positive usually revolve around its decrease of fatigue and increased stamina. They may start doing the same thing over and over. DISADVANTAGE Continued use of Meth does more than destroy a person's ability to experience pleasure naturally. Of course the high is itself an advantage. These are generally the reasons people take methamphetamine. leading a person to try to intensify the desired effects by taking increasingly higher doses. Meth is a potent bronchodilator and is very effective in treating airway constriction for asthma (much like its precursor. Their behavior becomes unpredictable from moment to moment. Bear in mind that legally users of pharmaceutical grade methamphetamine generally experience more "advantageous" effects from meth use than street users. like taking apart and reassembling bits of machinery. or continuously picking at imaginary bugs under their skin.METHAMPHETAMINE ADVANTAGE Certainly depends on the user. taking it more frequently or changing their method of getting high. . A decreased perception for food and sleep are generally productive.

relaxed. beautiful high. Three of these four are in the top ten. relations. But if you have health problem you must use drugs because dealing with some health problems is more important then other influences that drugs have. relaxed. Disadvantages that relate to psychological effects are mentioned 115 times (creates psychological dependence. as perceived by users were categorized as follows: cocaine gives excitement excitement. easier partying better. makes one aggressive. one needs less sleep. gives self confidence self confidence. gives megalomaniac feelings. lessens shyness communication. makes partying better. you have Ventolin that helps people with bronchospasms (lungs problem) but the disadvantage of Ventolin is bad influence on heart and vessels. bad for health. improves quality of love making better sex. eases communication. creates bad physical condition and creates physical dependence) are mentioned 118 times. it is possible to go on drinking longer drink longer. makes one superficial.COCAINE ADVANTAGE Advantages of cocaine. They use it to cure their lung problem but in the meantime they make another problem. For example. gives energy. less easily tired more energetic DISADVANTAGE Perceived physical disadvantages (unpleasant physical effects. more creative more creative. gives feelings of being high. more festive. It varies from disease to disease but drug have lots of disadvantages if you use them improperly. makes one speedy. makes one feel negative. makes insensitive and gives paranoid feelings). makes one feel depressed. more concentrated on tasks. makes one egocentric. . makes one clear-headed.

the Scripps Institute.Irritability. the American Association for Cancer Research has found the marijuana actually works to slow down tumor growth in the lungs. Increased anxiety after the metabolism of recent use . There are actually countless cases of people suffering from seizures that have only been able to function better through the use of marijuana. The heart beat rate after abusing marijuana is increased by 20 to 80 percent and this effect can last for over 3 hours. physiological addiction . and diarrhea. Marijuana has shown that it can help with symptoms with chronic disease as it stops nausea. vulnerability. work. Chronic use of marijuana. Despite what you may have heard about marijuana’s effects on the brain. short fuse before the onset of rage paranoia. Excessive use of marijuana causes depression. This has harmful effects on social relationships with family. school and entertaining activities. Cigarette smoke causes cancer because the tobacco is radiated whereas marijuana isn’t. increased chance of a range of cancers . Montel Williams began to use pot to treat his MS. and exposure to violence. In fact. like cigarettes.psychological dependency. especially in youngsters causes risk of mental illness. DISADVANTAGE Long-term usage of marijuana may lead to addiction. anxiety. psychosis. suicidal desire and schizophrenia. and brain considerably. Marijuana is a muscle relaxant and has “antispasmodic” qualities which have proven to be a very effective treatment of seizures. It causes sleeplessness. in 2006. breasts. Marijuana’s effects on multiple sclerosis patients became better documented when former talk-show host. decreased taste. bad temper and anxiety all of which make it hard to quit. proved that the thc found in marijuana works in preventing alzheimer's disease by blocking the deposits in the brain that cause the disease. This simply isn’t true. Marijuana works to stop the neurological effect and muscle spasms that come from the fatal disease. Increased tolerance to marijuana. abdominal pain.MARIJUANA ADVANTAGE There is a lot of unfounded rhetoric that states smoking pot can cause lung cancer because your inhaling smoke.

Most psychiatrists refer to the benzodiazepines as antiantiety agents (anxiolytics). or by a young person using these drugs to get high (using sleeping pills from home) When barbiturates are taken during pregnancy.BARBITURATES ADVANTAGE Reducing anxiety. or it can be administered by intravenous injection. For a typical general practitioner. is the one primary purpose of these drugs. sometimes to the point of respiratory failure Abuse usually occurs by an older person using these drugs for a long time for sedation or sleeping. making subjects more likely to be caught off guard when questioned. the drug passes through the mother's bloodstream to her fetus.they are usually taken for only a few nights at a time. sodium amytal can be swallowed. not curing neurotic behavior. but is thought to decrease inhibitions. and hangover effects. rebound insomnia. about half of the patients have NO treatable physical ailment. It is often mistaken for "truth serum" or sodium amytal. an intermediate-acting barbiturate that is used for sedation and to treat insomnia. Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are often used for the control of epileptic seizures . In addition. it may experience withdrawal symptoms and have trouble breathing. Because of the possibility of tolerance. and in combination with a muscle relaxent for euthansia and for capital punishment by lethal injection. dependency. the use of hypnotic drugs has decreased . After the baby is born. DISADVANTAGE Short-acting barbiturates are more likely to lead to dependency than benzodiazepines are Withdrawal syndrome can occur with any of the sedative-hypnotic drugs Withdrawal can be life threatening These drugs impair judgement and coordination Violence induced by barbiturates has been reported (especially when used with alcohol) Respiration rate is affected (respiration is depressed). nursing mothers who take barbiturates may transmit the drug to their babies through breast milk. . When dissolved in water. Barbiturates in high doses are used for physician assisted suicide (PAS). but was also used in so-called sodium amytal "interviews" where the person being questioned would be much more likely to provide the truth whilst under the influence of this drug. The drug does not itself force people to tell the truth. Thiopental is an ultra-short acting barbiturate that is marketed under the name sodium pentothal.

The biggest reason teens start using drugs is because their friends utilize peer pressure. But in the end. Those suffering from some form of mental illness. Practice Healthier Living Habits – Exercise. Look at life’s big picture. the results you feel from living a healthier lifestyle will help you resist the temptation to use drugs or alcohol to escape. No one likes to be left out. If you have practiced living healthy and managing stress. volunteer with the needy. Teens should prepare a good excuse or plan ahead of time. drugs only make life more stressful — and many of us all too often fail to recognize this in the moment. a trauma can more easily be managed.WAYS TO PREVENT DRUG ADDICTION Effectively deal with peer pressure. eating well. Seek help for mental illness. and teens (and yes. depression or post-traumatic stress disorder should seek the help of a trained professional for treatment before it leads to substance abuse. A history of substance abuse in the family. you’re more likely to overcome them.to keep from giving into tempting situations. If you’re aware of the biological. People take up drugs when something in their life is not working. too) find themselves doing things they normally wouldn’t do. you need to either find a better group of friends that won’t pressure you into doing harmful things. find other ways to handle stress and unwind. . and often feel like a good break or a reward is deserved. Mental illness and substance abuse often go hand-in-hand. create something. A healthy body assists in coping with daily stress. just to fit in. Deal with life pressure. Examine the risk factors. To prevent using drugs as a reward. or when they’re unhappy about their lives or where their lives are going. environmental and physical risk factors you possess. living in a social setting that glorifies drug abuse and/or family life that models drug abuse can be risk factors. In these cases. Keep a well-balanced life. Those with a mental illness may turn to drugs as a way to ease the pain. some adults. such as anxiety. Take up exercising. read a good book. People today are overworked and overwhelmed. meditation are excellent ways for you avoid using drugs or alcohol. Quite often. Anything positive and relaxing helps take the mind off using drugs to relieve stress. and have priorities in order. or you need to find a good way to say no.

Such use is totally unacceptable and should be prevented in the workplace. the term ‘drugs and alcohol’ will be used to refer to all these forms of drug use. solvents). illicit drugs such as heroin or cannabis. This approach has not been successful and now other means of dealing with the problem are being considered. Some of the options open to those who wish to escape addiction include the rumah ikhtiram to reintegrate the addicts back into society. abuse of prescribed and non-prescribed medication (e. . Malaysia has prepared these Guidelines. Many forms of drug use can cause problems in the workplace. These can include use of legal drugs. Ministry of Human Resources. both condoned and prohibited. antidepressants and cough medicine) appropriate use of medications (while medicines are often used as intended. may be a risk and strategies need to be in place to prevent and respond to problems from alcohol use. Some malaysian are going aboard in order to find the best possible help for their addiction problems. such as alcohol. These Guidelines are intended to provide guidance to employers and employees to develop prevention responses to drug and alcohol problems in the workplace and to satisfy their obligations under the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994. Narcotics anonymous offers a 12 steps solution to help the individualovercome their drug addictioc. Alcohol.ACTION THAT SHOULD BE TAKEN BY GOVERMENT SOCIAL Up until the late 1990s the main means for tackling drug addiction was enforced rehabilitation in detention centers. The Guidelines refer to employer and employee obligations under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (1994) the Employment Act (1955) and Drug Laws relating to illicit drug use. During their stay the individual is taught living skills and they also receive other types of training so that they can have a second chance in life.g. The Department of Occupational Safety and Health.g. Illicit drug use is totally prohibited in Malaysia and can result in problems at work. In these Guidelines. The aim is to not only help the individual but also to give them a program so they can find true happiness in life. they may carry side effects that can cause risk in the workplace) and abuse of other substances (e.

seize and forfeit assets of convicted drug traffickers. The Act provides for compulsory treatment and rehabilitation of any person who has been certified as drug dependent as well as for the establishment and implementation of voluntary treatment programs. Ministry of Home Affairs. solution or natural product. This includes any mixture. The period of compulsory treatment and rehabilitation (i. This Act includes the death penalty for drug trafficking. Poisons Act 1952 This Act is aimed at controlling the import. possession. Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985 This Act empowers the Government to detain anyone suspected of being a trafficker without having to bring the suspect to a court of law. not voluntary) at a gazetted Rehabilitation Centre is for a period of two years and thereafter to undergo supervision for two years or undergo supervision by an officer.e. Malaysia and International Labour Organisation. Drug Dependents (Treatment and Rehabilitation Act) 1983 This is a comprehensive piece of legislation covering treatment and rehabilitation. National Drugs Agency. This includes products used in industry. Geneva Switzerla . * The information in this section is taken from two documents: Mobilising small and medium businesses to prevent substance abuse. medicine and agriculture. sale and use of poisons.POLITIC In term of politic government has introduce some laws such as Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 This is the major legislation relating to Malaysian drug control. Dangerous Drugs (Forfeiture of Property) Act 1988 This Act empowers the Government to trace. The Act has been revised several times in relation to changes in patterns of drug use. preparation.

Money that could be spend on improving life for a family will be wasted because one of them is a drug addict. It ties up a chunk of law enforcement resources. Drug abuse ravages communities. The demands for these illegal substances feeds the criminal underworld. . The money made from selling drugs is often used to finance further crime and fund terrorism. The battle against drug addiction has been an expensive project and it ia a drain on available health care resources. Those who are able to hold down a job will be less productive as a result of their addiction and they may need to take frequent sick days. Not only this drug users harm the economy due to loss productivity.ECONOMY Drug abuse is closely associated with domestic abuse. The family of a substances abuser may be living on poverty line while this individual wastes a small fortune feeding their habits. It can get so bad that people are afraid to leave their homes after dark. Economically drug addiction by abuser cause more loss to government which due to steps taken to prevent addiction.

com.amazon.1354675689.amazon.com/alcohol-rehab/drug-addiction-in-malaysia/ 6) http://www.webmd.bmk 2)http://askville.do? requestId=83603583 4) http://alcoholrehab.do?requestId=83603583 3)http://askville.com/genital-herpes/features/10-most-important-drugs .d.articledoctor.com/advantage- disadvantage-drugs/AnswerViewer.com%2Fdrug-abuse%2Fdisadvantage-of-drug-abuse379&ei=5L_GUISAHYrUrQfc4DQAQ&usg=AFQjCNHdSiDU2Ba6WjMnrkZC0iUilcOqAw&bvm=bv.my/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=disadvantage%20of %20drugs&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&sqi=2&ved=0CDwQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F %2Fwww.google.com/alcohol-rehab/drug-addiction-in-malaysia/ 5) http://alcoholrehab.REFERENCES 1) http://www.com/advantage-disadvantage-drugs/AnswerViewer.