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KDA - FACTORY II (GEN.

TRIAS, CAVITE) DESIGN OF MICROPILES


Reference: Geotechnical Engineering by Braja M. Das Foundation Analysis and Design 5th Ed by Joseph E. Bowles A SITE CONDITIONS From Geotechnical Report, supplied by client. Silt General Soil Type:

Pile Capacity Parameters: Skin Friction, f Micro Pile End Bearing

30 5000

kPa kPa

B PILE DESIGN As shown in drawings SERVICE ULTIMATE 300 470 Support reaction, P = kN 60 90 Support reaction, M = kNm 16 36 Support Shear, V = kN L=1,475 775 Location: Reference: F-1 Compute for Required Pile Capacity: 9.5 Length of Piles = 250 Diameter of Piles = 49087 Area of Piles = 500 Width of Columns = Frictional capacity of Soil, Qs = 214.41 Bearing capacity of Soil, Qt = 245.44 Total Capacity of Soil,Qu = 459.85 2 Factor of Safety = Allow. Soil capacity, Qreq'd = 229.00 2 Number of Piles = AASHTO 10.7.1.2 minimum 775 o.c. spacing = AASHTO 10.7.1.2 edge 225 clearance = Minimum edge of column300 edge of pile cap =

m mm 2 mm mm kN kN kN kN pcs mm mm mm

W=1,100

P2

Qu =Qt +Qs
Qz fz = pz Qs = pLf

Qu = ultimate pile load Qt = load-carrying capacity at the pile point Qs = frictional resistance fz = frictional resistance per unit area p = perimeter of the pile cross section

Determine Moment of Inertia of Group of Piles Pile x 1 -387.5 2 387.5 Ix=0.30m2

Determine max and min reaction of pile due to service load: + : Compression P Mx - : Tension = N I Pile Reaction kN 1 73 2 227 227 s max = 73 s min = Pile

Determine max and min reaction of pile due to ultimate load: + : Compression P Mx - : Tension = N I Pile Reaction kN 1 119 2 351 351 s max = 119 s min = Pile

kN kN

kN kN

Design Pile against Required Capacity: 50 Clear Cover = 49087 Pile Gross Area, Ag = 24 f'c = 414 fy = 16 Longit. Bar f = 12 Tie Bars f = 6 No. of bars = Area of reinforcement, As = 1206.37 2.46% Steel Reinforcement Ratio, r =

mm mm2 Mpa Mpa mm mm pcs mm2 Ok!

Design Pile against Required Capacity: 4.80 0.20f'c = Mpa 4.63 Mpa Max Axial Stress, smax = IF : smax >= 0.20fc', f = 0.50 smax < 0.20fc', f = 0.90- smax(0.40/0.20fc') THEN, f = 0.5139
DESIGN LOADS AXIAL 351.13 MY 0.00 MZ 0.00 V 36.00

Check for slenderness effect: 1.20 K= 9.50 Lu = Moment of Inertia = 0.0003 r = 0.0814 Young's modulus of concrete, Ec = 23172173 1.00 Cm = 0.51 Reduction factor, f = EI = (Ec I/2.5)/(1+B) 3017.21 229.14 Pc = Pi ^2 EI /(kLu) 235.00 Factored Axial Load, Pu = f Pc = 117.76
(kLu) / r = Moment Mod. Factor => 1

m m4 m kPa

kN kN

If (kLu)/r > 22 consider slenderness effect

139.99 1.00

PCA LOADS AXIAL/f 683.24 Mgraph 40.00 C = capacity MY/f 0.00 C 20.56 MZ/f 0.00 D 0.00 D = demand V 36.00 C/D

Ok in Axial!

Step

Left

1.3 x Mn (kN-m) Middle Right

Left

Column Shear Forces (kN) Middle Right Total

dP

Left

Axial Force (kN) Middle Right

Percent Differenc

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

29

29 6 0 6 12 75

351 276

0 0

351 426

22

21 5 0 4 9 57 294 0 408 25

22

21 5 0 4 9 57 294 0 408 0

OK! Design Shear Reinforcement of Pile 67 Shear Ultimate 34 Concrete Shear Capacity 12 try f = 226 Av s = 100 try s = Av prov'd = kN kN mm mm2 mm mm2
bw s Avmin = 3fy ; smin = Avmin 3fy bw

s min =

749.16 mm2

C PILE CAP DESIGN Pu Wsoily x' t= 900 x 9.50m Mu Wsoily Footing Parameters: Column Width, w = Column Length, b = Punching perimeter, Bo = Footing Width, W = Footing Length, L = Footing thickness, t = Ftg eff. Depth, d = f'c = fy = Longit. Bar f = Trans. Bar f = Ht. of soil = Wt. of soil y = Wt. of soil x = 500 500 5600 1100.00 1475 900 613 21.00 414.00 20 20 0.00 0.0 0.0 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm Mpa Mpa mm mm m kN kN

119 kN

351 kN

Wsoilx y'

Wsoilx

Check Punching Shear: (Assume no piles inside the punching area) Ultimate Shear, Vu = 351.13 kN 17.24 Max Pile Reaction = kN Ok! Concrete shear cap., fVc = 4457.14 kN Design Reinforcements Longitudinal bars: x= x' = Mu = Rn = r= As reqd = s required = s supplied = no. of bars = Transverse bars: y= y' = Mu = Rn = r= As reqd = s required = s supplied = no. of bars = 150.00 0.00 0.000 0.0028 2502.08 185.20 175.00 8 mm mm kNm

Wsoilx

351 kN

Wsoil x

Check reinforcement parameters: Solve for rmax: 0.851 f c 600 max= fy 600+fy b1 = 0.85 rmax = 0.02169 Solve for rmin:
min= f c

137.50 243.75 48.28 0.130 0.0028 1865.96 185.20 175.00 6

mm mm kNm

mm2 mm mm pcs

4fy rmin = 0.00277

rtemp = 0.002bt= 1808.4 mm2

mm2 mm mm pcs

C LATERAL SUPPORT REACTION

V=36kN El.-1900

kh=120Su

Nvalu

Su, kPa

El.-3900 El.-4900 El.-5900 El.-6900 El.-7900 El.-8900 El.-9900 El.-10900 El.-11900

kh = kh = kh = kh = kh = kh = kh = kh = kh =

5760 5760

kN/m kN/m

10 10 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

48 48 192 192 192 192 192 192 192

23040 kN/m 23040 kN/m 23040 kN/m 23040 kN/m 23040 kN/m 23040 kN/m 23040 kN/m

Column Interaction Diagram from SP Column


P ( kN) 1600

P= M=

351 kN 24 kNm

get from STAAD model

Analysis Result: Section adequate.

(Pmax) fs=0

fs=0 fs=0.5fy fs=0.5fy 1

35 M x ( k N m)

(Pmin) -600