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Louis Lacerte (La Serte). (b.

1821)
Louis was a Red River Metis, the son of Louis Lacerte Sr. (b. 1780) and Marie Martin (b. 1797) both Metis. His parents were Red River Mtis who travelled to and from the Athabasca territory and to and from St. Cloud Minnesota. They were also part of the buffalo hunts along the upper Missouri River. After the Red River Resistance some family members went to Willow Bunch and Wood Mountain Saskatchewan. Most received Metis scrip when Manitoba joined Confederation. However, at least one family member joined a Chippewa band in North Dakota. Louis married to Josephte Vandal (b. 1825) and they had 18 children. In 1843, the family was enumerated at St. Boniface and on June 17, 1845 at Norway House. By 1850, the family was enumerated at Pembina, as Family #6. Louis Lasert (sic) was shown as a blacksmith. They then moved with the rest of the Metis to St. Joseph to avoid the annual flooding at Pembina. Louis and his brothers Raphael (b.c. 1825) and Pierre (b. c. 1836) applied for Half-Breed scrip under the Chippewa Treaty of 1864 with the Pembina and Red Lake Bands.
Lasert, Louis (1814) [1850 U.S.] Lasarte, Louis [R.L. Scrip #368] Minnesota Territorial Census, Pembina, 1850, family 6/6, born Red River Br., Blacksmith National Archives, RG 75, Entry 363, "List of Persons to Whom Scrip was Issued under Red Lake & Pembina Treaties...." Halfbreed Scrip No. 368 issued April 21, 1874, under the authority of Secretarial Decision, April 18, 1874, delivered April 21, 1874 National Archives, RG 75, Entry 364, "Treaty of April 12, 1864, Red Lake and Pembina Half-Breeds," Scrip Stubs, Number 368, dated April 21, 1874, 160 Acres, delivered April 21, 1874, issued to Louis Lasarte, delivered to Agt. Douglass. husband of: Lasert, Josette (1826), born Red River Br. issue: Lasert, Catherine (1844) Lasert, Marie (1846) Lasert, Louis (1847) Lasert, Josette (1849) La Sarte, Raphael [R.L. Scrip #66] National Archives, RG 75, Entry 363, "List of Persons to Whom Scrip was Issued under Red Lake & Pembina Treaties...." Halfbreed Scrip No. 66 issued February 12, 1873, under the authority of Secretarial Decision, June 12, 1872, delivered February 12, 1873 National Archives, RG 75, Entry 364, "Treaty of April 12, 1864, Red Lake and Pembina Half-Breeds," Scrip Stubs, Number 66 [checked], dated February 12, 1873, 160 Acres, delivered February 12, 1873, issued to Raphael La Sarte, delivered to Agent E.P. Smith. Lacert, Pierre [R.L. Scrip #200] National Archives, RG 75, Entry 363, "List of Persons to Whom Scrip was Issued under Red Lake & Pembina Treaties...." Halfbreed Scrip No. 200 [checked] issued July 7, 1873, under the authority of Secretarial

Decision, June 12, 1872, delivered July 7, 1873 National Archives, RG 75, Entry 364, "Treaty of April 12, 1864, Red Lake and Pembina Half-Breeds," Scrip Stubs, Number 200 [checked], dated July 7th, 1873, 160 Acres, delivered July 7th, 1873, issued to Pierre Lacert, delivered to Agent E. Douglas.

The family then settled at Pointe Coupe now known as St. Adolphe, Manitoba. Louis then married Charlotte Lesperance at St. Francois Xavier in 1879. In the 1870 Census of Red River Louis Lacerte (blacksmith) is shown living on lot 24 in St. Norbert Parish. Their oldest daughter Catherine Lacerte (b. 1844) became one of Manitobas first Metis schoolteachers. 1n 1855, Father Belcourt sent Catherine and another Metis girl to Longueuil, Quebec for instruction from the Soeurs des Saints Noms de Jsus et de Marie and they returned three years later to enter the new group Belcourt had formed, the Soeurs de la Propagation de la Foi. This group disbanded because of an undetermined scandal and Catherine became the school teacher for the mission at St. Joseph. She continued teaching there until she married Joseph Mulaire on November 24, 1862. He was the son of Joseph Mulaire Sr. and Henriette Paul de St. David. Her husband was a mail carrier between Fort Garry and Pembina. The couple settled close to her parents who were now living at Pointe Coupe now known as St. Adolphe, Manitoba. Her husband died of pneumonia in 1871. In 1866, Catherine began teaching again at the St. Adolphe School and she continued until 1882 after which she taught out of her home located between St. Adophe and St. Agathe. From 1893 to 1895 she taught at St. Nicholas and finished her teaching from home, now at Otterburne. At one point she was recognized for winning prizes at the London Colonial Exhibition for some of her pupils accomplishments. In early November of 1869 Louis Lacerte and Baptiste Tourond were members of Louis Riels Council of Twelve which led to the formation of the Convention of 24. Both Tourond and Lacerte were St. Norbert delegates to Louis Riels Convention of 24 in November 1869. Metis historian Norma Jean Hall notes that: As of 1870 either Louis Lacerte (b. 1821) or his son Louis Lacerte (b.c. 1847) held a delegate position representing Pointe Coupe for the Convention of Forty and then served in Riels Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia in 1870, when they voted to bring Manitoba into Confederation.1
Scrip affidavit for Lacerte, Louis; born: January 15, 1821; father: Louis Lacerte (Mtis); mother: Marie Martin (Mtis); claim no: 1840; scrip no: 10737; date of issue: September 20, 1876; amount: $160. He lists his occupation as Merchant in this application. Scrip affidavit for Lacerte, Marie; born: December 25, 1797; widow of Louis Lacerte; father: Simon Martin (French Canadian); mother: Lisette (Indian). Marie was living with her son Louis when she made this application in 1877.

Norma Jean Hall, Hon. Louis Lacerte: Point Coupee. http://hallnjean.wordpress.com/sailorsworlds/the-red-river-resistance-and-the-creation-of-manitoba/legislative-assembly-of-assiniboia/hon-louislacerte-point-coupee-2/

Edited and Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research Louis Riel Institute