Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 41

ENG 7704

Design of Steel Structures

Analysis & Design of a Steel Floor using STAAD

Tamer Sabrah
Ph.D Candidate of Civil Engineering

Session 3: July 10, 2006

1
Steel Floor Plan

Main vertical Loads


are:
Own weight
Flooring = 1.5 kn/m2
Live Loads = 2.0 kn/m2

2
Main Steps of Modeling
¾Entering job information.
¾Building model geometry.
¾Defining member properties, sections.
¾Assigning loads (load cases,
combinations..)
¾Defining pre-analysis print out, analysis
type, and post-analysis printout.
¾Defining design requirements.

3
OPEN A NEW FILE: FLOOR TYPE

For a new file, select the


type of structure you want
to solve.

Select Floor type

Select from here the units,

that we will deal with.

Assume that the units are:


meter, & kilo Newton.

4
GO TO EDIT JOB INFORMATION

5
1. ENTERING JOB INFORMATION.

6
2. BUILDING MODEL (STRUCTURE) GEOMETRY

Create the required grids


to create beams along

7
Create The Beams Over The Grid Construction Lines In The X-ZPlane

8
3. DEFINING MEMBER PROPERTIES, SECTIONS.
Property:
In which we can define or choose sections properties
of the members of the truss.
Spec.:
In which we can define or choose members’ specifications.
Support:
In which we can define the supports properties (restraints).
Load:
In which we can define the applied loads, load cases,
load combinations.

Material
In which we can define the material properties.
(ex. E, density, etc.)
9
Assume your beams cross-sections following the Canadian Tables

10
Assigning the sections created to the model

11
To View a Rendered View for the Full Cross Sections
(Important to Check Orientations)

12
Zoom In for the Rendered View

13
Define Supports Locations

14
Sec. Beams are simple beams, so Create A Moment Release
around the Z-Axis for the Secondary Beams at the intersections
with the Main Girders.

15
4. DEFINING LOADS

Create your Different Primary load Cases

16
Define Load as Floor Load Type

17
Distribution all over the floor (Two-Way Distributed)

18
For ONE WAY loads, the
program attempts to find
the shorter direction
within panels for load
generation purposes.
So, if any of the panels are
square in shape, no load
will be generated for those
panels. For such panels,
use the FLOOR LOAD
type.

Click here if you want to make the load


distribution becomes one way

19
One Way Distribution:
Take care: It will not put load for two- way slabs

20
Define Self Weight in the Global Y-direction

Self weight is defined in the


negative - Y direction

21
To remove the load from over the opening area: Put an equal load
but opposite in direction over that area.

22
Create Load Combination

23
5. DEFINING PRE-ANALYSIS, ANALYSIS TYPE, AND POST-PRINT.

In which we are telling the program what


Pre-Print are the properties that we require to be
recorded and printed in the output files
before performing the analysis.

In which we are choosing from different


Analysis types of structural analysis. The analysis type
we are required to do is a linear static type.

In which we are telling the program what


are the properties that we require to be
Post-Print recorded and printed in the output files
after performing the analysis.

24
Analysis
To specify the Analysis
command, first go to
Analysis/Print Page
from the left side of the
screen.
Then, click on the
Analysis sub-page from
the second row of
pages as shown below.

Choose Statics Check


and Click Add then
Close.

25
Pre-Print Commands • Material Properties
•Support Information
•Member Properties
•Joint Coordinates

ADD which property


do you need and then use
cursor to Assign to which
members of the floor.
(or assign to all)

26
• Support Reactions
Post-Print Commands
•Analysis Results
• Member Forces
• Max Force

ADD which property


do you need and then use
cursor to Assign to which
members of the floor.
(or assign to all)

27
6. DEFINING DESIGN REQUIREMENTS.

To specify steel design


parameters, go to Design |
Steel Page from the left side
of the screen. Make sure that
under the Current Code
selections on the top right
hand side, Canadian is
selected.

28
We will use here Check Code, regarding adequacy of members.
Also, we will use the Select Option to optimize the design.

29
Now, the model is ready to run analysis

Remember: if you use the select option,


your results will be showed for the
selected members made by Staad.

30
Visualization of Results

Note:
As shown in Tutorial 1 :
Generally, in any
You can use the icons shown above to see the
program, try to make
straining actions (BMD, SFD, NFD, Deflections) some checks about the
shapes of deflections,
BMD, SFD. Also check
the level of reactions.
Just to make sure that
there is no significant
input error.

31
SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAM

32
BENDING MOMENT DIAGRAM

33
DEFLECTION ANIMATION

34
Viewing the Output File
During the analysis process, STAAD creates an Output file.
This file provides important information on whether the analysis
was performed properly.
For example, if STAAD.Pro encounters an instability problem during
the analysis process, it will be reported in the output file.
Alternatively, we can select the File | View | Output File | STAAD Output
option from the top menu.

35
STAAD OUTPUT

36
HOW TO CREATE OUTPUT STAAD REPORT?
Post Processing / Reports

37
Select the Sections you want to be included in the report as shown below:

38
The report can be printed out directly from Staad or Exported as Word or text file

39
40
Questions ?

Thanks

This tutorial can be downloaded from the following link :


www.engr.mun.ca/~sabrah/Staad-Tut3.pdf

© Tamer Sabrah - 2006 41