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# ENG 7704

## Analysis & Design of a Steel Floor using STAAD

Tamer Sabrah
Ph.D Candidate of Civil Engineering

## Session 3: July 10, 2006

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Steel Floor Plan

are:
Own weight
Flooring = 1.5 kn/m2

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Main Steps of Modeling
¾Entering job information.
¾Building model geometry.
¾Defining member properties, sections.
combinations..)
¾Defining pre-analysis print out, analysis
type, and post-analysis printout.
¾Defining design requirements.

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OPEN A NEW FILE: FLOOR TYPE

## For a new file, select the

type of structure you want
to solve.

## Assume that the units are:

meter, & kilo Newton.

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GO TO EDIT JOB INFORMATION

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1. ENTERING JOB INFORMATION.

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2. BUILDING MODEL (STRUCTURE) GEOMETRY

## Create the required grids

to create beams along

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Create The Beams Over The Grid Construction Lines In The X-ZPlane

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3. DEFINING MEMBER PROPERTIES, SECTIONS.
Property:
In which we can define or choose sections properties
of the members of the truss.
Spec.:
In which we can define or choose members’ specifications.
Support:
In which we can define the supports properties (restraints).

Material
In which we can define the material properties.
(ex. E, density, etc.)
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Assigning the sections created to the model

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To View a Rendered View for the Full Cross Sections
(Important to Check Orientations)

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Zoom In for the Rendered View

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Define Supports Locations

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Sec. Beams are simple beams, so Create A Moment Release
around the Z-Axis for the Secondary Beams at the intersections
with the Main Girders.

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Distribution all over the floor (Two-Way Distributed)

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program attempts to find
the shorter direction
generation purposes.
So, if any of the panels are
will be generated for those
panels. For such panels,
type.

distribution becomes one way

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One Way Distribution:
Take care: It will not put load for two- way slabs

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Define Self Weight in the Global Y-direction

## Self weight is defined in the

negative - Y direction

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To remove the load from over the opening area: Put an equal load
but opposite in direction over that area.

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5. DEFINING PRE-ANALYSIS, ANALYSIS TYPE, AND POST-PRINT.

## In which we are telling the program what

Pre-Print are the properties that we require to be
recorded and printed in the output files
before performing the analysis.

## In which we are choosing from different

Analysis types of structural analysis. The analysis type
we are required to do is a linear static type.

## In which we are telling the program what

are the properties that we require to be
Post-Print recorded and printed in the output files
after performing the analysis.

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Analysis
To specify the Analysis
command, first go to
Analysis/Print Page
from the left side of the
screen.
Then, click on the
Analysis sub-page from
the second row of
pages as shown below.

## Choose Statics Check

Close.

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Pre-Print Commands • Material Properties
•Support Information
•Member Properties
•Joint Coordinates

do you need and then use
cursor to Assign to which
members of the floor.
(or assign to all)

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• Support Reactions
Post-Print Commands
•Analysis Results
• Member Forces
• Max Force

do you need and then use
cursor to Assign to which
members of the floor.
(or assign to all)

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6. DEFINING DESIGN REQUIREMENTS.

## To specify steel design

parameters, go to Design |
Steel Page from the left side
of the screen. Make sure that
under the Current Code
selections on the top right
selected.

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We will use here Check Code, regarding adequacy of members.
Also, we will use the Select Option to optimize the design.

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Now, the model is ready to run analysis

## Remember: if you use the select option,

your results will be showed for the

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Visualization of Results

Note:
As shown in Tutorial 1 :
Generally, in any
You can use the icons shown above to see the
program, try to make
straining actions (BMD, SFD, NFD, Deflections) some checks about the
shapes of deflections,
BMD, SFD. Also check
the level of reactions.
Just to make sure that
there is no significant
input error.

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SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAM

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BENDING MOMENT DIAGRAM

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DEFLECTION ANIMATION

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Viewing the Output File
During the analysis process, STAAD creates an Output file.
This file provides important information on whether the analysis
was performed properly.
For example, if STAAD.Pro encounters an instability problem during
the analysis process, it will be reported in the output file.
Alternatively, we can select the File | View | Output File | STAAD Output

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HOW TO CREATE OUTPUT STAAD REPORT?
Post Processing / Reports

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Select the Sections you want to be included in the report as shown below:

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The report can be printed out directly from Staad or Exported as Word or text file

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Questions ?

Thanks