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Hayden Casey, 5* AP U.S.

History Chapter 20 Graphic Organizer

Politics of Stalemate What were the politics of stalemate? Who/What: -United States populaces fascination with politics Importance: -millions of Americans read party newspapers -white males made up the bulk of the electorate -women did not have the right to vote -black men were kept from polls Terms: -Minor v. Happersett: upheld the power of the states to deny voting rights to women -Williams v. Mississippi: upheld literacy tests required for voting

The Party Deadlock What was the party deadlock? Who/What: -the Civil War generation of Americans Importance: -party loyalties were incredibly strong -Democrats vs. Republicans -swing states were of key importance in elections Terms: -Munn v. Illinois: private property controlled by public -Wabash: states could not regulate commerce beyond their borders -Interstate Commerce Commission: investigated and oversaw railroad activities

Reestablishing Presidential Power Why was presidential power needing to be reestablished? Who/What: presidents of the United States Importance: -impeachment, scandals and controversies weakened the presidency Terms: -Bland-Allison Purchase Act: bill that called for partial coinage of silver Pendleton Act: meant to reform civil service Presidents Mentioned: Johnson, Grant, Hayes, McKinley, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison

Republicans In Power: The Billion-Dollar Congress Why were Republicans in power? Who/What: presidential elections/candidates Importance: the parties were still in feuds with each other Terms: McKinley Tariff Act: raised tariff duties about 4 percent Sherman Antitrust Act: attempted to regulate big businesses Sherman Silver Purchase Act: tried to end the problem presented by silver

The Rise of the Populist Movement Why did the populist movement rise? Who/What: Populism in the United States Importance: farm discontent was a worldwide phenomenon in the late 1800s Terms: National Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union: organization which promised unified action to solve agricultural problems

The Fast-Growing Farmers Alliance Why was the Farmers Alliance fast-growing? Who/What: Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union Importance: Southern alliance published a newspaper and distributed Alliance material to hundreds of local newspapers Alliances: National Farmers Alliance, Northwestern Alliance, Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union, Southern Alliance, Colored Farmers National Alliance and Cooperative Union Terms: Thomas E. Watson and Leonidas L. Polk: two Alliance leaders with political minds

The Crisis of the Depression What was the crisis of the Depression? Who/What: America during the Panic of 1893 Importance: second greatest depression, following the Great Depression Terms: Industrial Black Friday: day of terrible strain long remembered on the market Pullman strike: one of the largest strikes in Americas history; began after Coxeys arrest

The Miners of the Midwest Who were the miners of the Midwest? Who/What: coal miners in the Midwest Importance: illustrated impact of depression; lots of immigration toward Midwest where mining took place; new and old miners

A Beleaguered President Who was the beleaguered president? Who/What: Grover Cleveland

Importance: Democratic party won once again Democratic party, in the next election, swept out of White House Terms: Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act: passed by Congress in 1894 that contained modest reductions in duties

Changing Attitudes Whose attitude was changing? Who/What: American citizens after the Panic of 1893 Importance: Everyone Works but Father; realism and naturalism evolving in literature Terms: League for the Protection of the Family: called for compulsory education to get children out of factories and into classrooms Mothers Congress of 1896 led to the National Congress of Parents and Teachers, which spanned many Parent-Teacher Associations. National Council of Women General Federation of Womens Clubs

The Presidential Election of 1896 Who won this presidential election? Who/What: American presidential election of 1896 Importance: known as the battle of the standards because it focused on the gold and silver standards of money, primarily Democrats chose Bryan as their nomination McKinley won the vote, crushing Bryan

The McKinley Administration How was the McKinley administration?

Who/What: President McKinley Importance: economy had begun to revive when he was elected McKinley was assassinated, and Theodore Roosevelt became president Terms: Gold Standard Act: declared gold the standard of currency and ended the silver controversy that had dominated the 1890s