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Crescent Girls School Secondary 3 Mathematics D Past Years Examination Questions

(1997 2001) Topic: Graphs

1.

The following is a table of values for the equation y = 28 + 4 x 3 x 2 . Complete the table. x y -3 -11 -2 8 -1 0 28 1 2 24 3 4 -4 5 -27

(a) (b) (c)

Using 2 cm along the x-axis to represent 1 unit and 1 cm along the y-axis to represent 5 units, draw the graph of y = 28 + 4 x 3 x 2 for 3 x 5 . By drawing a tangent, find the gradient of the curve y = 28 + 4 x 3 x 2 at the point where x = 3 . Leave your answer to the nearest whole number. By drawing a suitable graph on the same axis, solve the equation 3 x 2 3 x = 18 .

(2000 Mid SB Q4)

2.

Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper. The number of germs, n, in a colony after t hours is given by the equation n = 50( 2 t ) . Some corresponding values of n and t are given in the table. t n 0 50 1 100 2 p 3 400 4 800 5 1600 6 q 7 6400

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) On

Find the values of p and of q. Using a horizontal scale of 2 cm to represent 1 hour and a vertical scale of 2 cm to represent 1 000 germs, draw the graph of n against t. By drawing a tangent, find the gradient of the graph when t = 5.5 . State briefly what this gradient represents. Find the number of germs in the colony after 2.5 hours. The number of germs in another colony is given by the equation n = 4000 500t . On the same axes, draw a graph to represent the number of germs in this colony and find when the populations of germs in the two colonies are equal.
(1997 Final SB Q6)

3.

Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.


1

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The variables x and y are connected by the equation y =

Some corresponding values of x and y are given in the following table. x y (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) -2 4 -1 0 0 -1 1 -0.8 2 0 3 1.14 4 2.5 5 k

2( x + 1)( x 2) . x +4

Calculate the value of k. Taking 2 cm to represent 1 unit on each axis, draw the graph of for values of x in the range 2 x 5 . By adding a suitable straight line to your graph, solve the equation ( x +1)( x 2) = x + 4 . By drawing a suitable tangent, estimate the gradient of the curve at x = 1 .
(1997 Mid SB Q5)

4.

Two variables, x and y are connected by the equation y = 2 + The table shows some corresponding values of x and y. x y 0.25 10 0.5 6 1 4 2 A 3 2.67 4 2.5 5 b

2 . x

6 2.33

(a) (b) (c) (d)

Find the values of a and b. Using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x and y axes, plot the graph of the given equation for 0 x 6 and 0 y 10 . By drawing a tangent, find the gradient of the curve at x = 1 . By drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes, solve the equation
2 =4x. x x+4 , x 1 , x +1
(1998 Final SB Q5)

5. (a) (b) 6(a) (b) 7.

Given that f : x

evaluate (i) f ( 2) (ii) f 1 (3) find the values of b such that f (b) = b Given that f ( x) = ax + b , f (3) = 4 and f Hence, find the inverse function f 1 ( x ) .
1

(1997 Mid SA Q9)

(7) =1 , find the values of a and b.


(1998 Final SA Q8)

The following is an incomplete table of values for the graph of s = 6 t 2 . T S -4 -2 -3 a -2 4 -1 b 0 6 1 5.5 2 c 3 1.5 4 -2
2

1 2

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(a) (b)

Calculate the missing values of s. Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on each axis, draw the graph of the function for values of 4 t 4 . (c) Use your graph to find (i) the equation of the line of symmetry, (ii) the value of s when t = 2.2 and (iii) the coordinates of the point where the value of s is maximum. (d) Use your graph to estimate the solutions of the equation t 2 + t 10 = 0 .

(1999 Final SB Q2)

8.

Answer the whole of this question on a single sheet of graph paper. The variables x and y are connected by the equation,
y= 12 x . x

Some of the corresponding values of x and y are given in the table below. X Y (a) (b) 1 11 1.5 6.5 2 4 3 1 4 -1 5 a 6 -4 8 -6.5

Calculate the value of a. Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to represent 2 units on the vertical axis, draw the graph of y =
12 x for 1 x 8 . x 12 x at the point x

(c) (d) (i)

By drawing a tangent, find the gradient of the curve y =


x =2.
12 x 3 = 2 x x (ii) x 2 + 2 x 12 = 0 . 2x + 5 , find 3 2) , the value of f (

By drawing another line on your graph, find the solution of the equations:

(2000 Final SB Q3)

9. (a) (b) 10. (i)


(ii)

Given that f : x

an expression for f

.
2x 2 x 4. Find x 4,

(1997 Final SA Q4)

A function is defined as g ( x) =
g ( 1)

the value of k if g (k ) = k .

(1999 Final SA Q13)

11.

Answer the whole of this question on a single sheet of graph paper.


3

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The variables x and y are connected by the equation, y = x 2 + x 6 . Some of the corresponding values of x and y are given in the table below.

x
y

-4 6

-3 a

-2 -4

-1 -6

0 -6

1 b

2 0

3 6

(a) Calculate the values of a and of b. (b) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis and 1 cm to represent 1 unit on the y-axis, draw the graph of y = x 2 + x 6 for 4 x 3 . (c) By drawing a straight line, find the x-coordinate on the curve y = x 2 + x 6 where the gradient is 2. (d) By drawing another line on your graph, find the solutions of the equation
4 x 2 8x 8 = 0 .
(2001 Final SB Q5)

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