Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

IMPRISONMENT AND CONDITIONAL RELEASE- SOC346- June 4, 2013 Slide 2: Imprisonment Expressed in terms of a fixed time period Public

believes this is what serves, virtually no ones sentence has a fixed time frame o Security classification: research suggests you are more likely to recidivate if you are in a higher security classification than you require o Special populations: more expensive because each group has more needs -women: additional and different needs from men -youth: must be housed separate from adults -aboriginal: instilling culturally relevant programming and practices -mentally ill: difficult population to manage, high needs, high maintenance, vulnerable in the institution, acting out, and victimization by others in the institution -elderly: those serving long sentence (US. Imprisonment without the possibility of parole), canes as weapons, heightened level of medication, need doctors and specialists, wheel chairs, walkers, very expensive, very vulnerable -gang members: posed a problem on the streets, didnt lose touch with the outside, replication of gangs in confinement in prison, rival gangs housing together, like a pressure cooker, concern for the safety of the correctional officers and other inmates

- imprisonment in Canada is extremely rare, but dominates conversations because its the most severe sentence a person can receive - males are the most likely to end up in prison Slide 3: Complexity if purposes Programs, when they have impacts are not magic bullets- not huge impacts Re-entry programs that help reintegrate people back into society- programs are important and can be effective( but not all program are effective)

Slide 4: Overview of Canadas Prison System Federal and provincial institutions( Constitution and Statute) Prisons- relatively rare punishment but often seen as the standard of sentence Canada: 34% guilty are imprisoned

Slide 5: Incarceration Canada US incarcerates at the highest rate in the world, compared to the Scandanavian countries

Slide 8: Violence and Prisoners 69% of federal prisoners, violent crimes. The most dangerous offenders If we look at everyone in custody, and who happens to be in custody for violence, only 18% are there for violence Were in the middle of international incarceration rates

Slide 9: Issues with Private Prisons Private prisons are businesses or organizations that have a contract from the gov, that take offenders into their hands The private sphere may be more efficient and cost saving because they are profit motivated The gov, not responsible, and there are cost savings If we think abo9ut punishment, we think about we give up our rights and freedems, so gov can ensure our collective protections Prvate organizations make more money based on how many people they house Not publically available ( the contract) Issues of discipline within the institution What abo9ut the use of force amongst correctional officers Release decisions? If you remove all incentives to behave well, then why would you behave well? No benefit Paying staff becomes quite pricy Training workers is very expensive as well Why pay someone 30 an hour when you can pay them 15 an hour, no consistency amongst personnel, high turnover rate

Slide 10: problems with Private Institutions More successful escape, more drug use in private correctional facilities

Slide 11: Private prisons in Ontario 5 year pilot studies Bothe housed less than 1200 inmates CNCC Penetanguishene (private CECC Lindsay (public) Both intstitutions cost almost exactly the same After 5 years, gov decided not to renew the private institutions contract, concerns about the level of healthcare, security, and recidivism rates

Slide 12: purpose of Federal Corrections Purpose: rehabilitation and reintegration

Done through programming in instutuion and through the community as well

Slide 13; protection of society is paramount, however protectiong society long term, we must rehabilitate to height3n the chances of a successful release and to reduce recidivism Has to be done in the lease restrictive way

Slide 14: Those at lowest risk released early Those at highest risk, complete opposite

Slide 15: every offenders has the capacity to live as a law abiding citizens, all about integration Slide 16: Reintegration releasing offenders cold, is not a good policy some jobs in prisons, are more effective than others how do we evaluate success? Is recidivism the only way to measure success what about programs after prison?

Slide 19: reintegration- preparing prisoners for work training while in custody support after release -social support -support in finding child care -support for people who lose jobs Getting job, and keeping job Policy issue: preference to prisoners?

Slide 20: the administration of sentences; conditional release Think back to sentencing Proportionality

Slide21: Problems definite sentences( largely) but indefinite administration of them determinants of release are (necessarily?) different from determinants of the sentence those in the most need of reintegration get the least amount of it

Slide 22: Release from Provincial Prisons remssion: serve only 2/3 ( 15 days remitted off every 30 days spent in prison)

-1/3 removed

Slide 23: release from federal penitentiaries Normally (general rule)Parole eligibility at 1/3 point of sentence Day parole (6 months before full parole eligibility) Statutory release at 2/3 point of sentence Exceptions (example) Accelerated parole review. Day parole: longer of 6 months or 1/6 of sentence Certain offenses: court can order delay Detention until warrant expiry

Slide 25: Criteria for Parole a) The offender will not, by reoffending, present an undue risk to society Slide 27: repeat homicides Over a 25 year period 4131 released for murder, 7652 release for manslaughter 13 repeat murderers 24 repeat manslaughters offenders Only 37 total people in 25 years equationg to 58 deaths Only responsible for 0.0038% of murders in that 25 year period