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Automatisation dun Racteur Plasma

Diplmant

Davor Volic

Objectif du projet
Le but de ce projet est linstrumentation, lautomatisation et la mise en service dun racteur plasma employ pour la production de nouveaux matriaux. Dans un premier temps, leffet du plasma est tudi sur des chantillons damidon placs dans le racteur.

Mthodes | Expriences | Rsultats


Afin de superviser lensemble de linstallation, une interface homme machine est implmente dans LabVIEW, permettant davoir une vue globale de linstallation, dactionner les diffrents lments, de contrler les diffrentes grandeurs physiques, de visualiser et de stocker les donnes. Les diffrentes squences de dmarrage et d'arrt ainsi que les diffrentes mesures de scurit sont galement implmentes dans LabVIEW. Afin dliminer la puissance rflchie sur le gnrateur de haute frquence, on doit rguler limpdance interne du racteur 50 ainsi que de contrler le dphasage entre le courant et la tension mesurs sur une matchbox lentre du racteur. Pour atteindre ce but, deux cartes lectroniques sont conues. La premire mesure les valeurs redresses et filtres des signaux HF de courant et de tension ainsi que leur dphasage. Ces valeurs sont ensuite envoyes vers LabVIEW pour affichage et traitement. La deuxime carte est utilise pour piloter depuis LabVIEW deux moteurs pas pas. Ces moteurs sont coupls avec deux condensateurs variables de la matchbox. En variant la capacit des condensateurs, on agit sur dimpdance du racteur. Lalgorithme ncessaire la rgulation de limpdance na pu tre implment, faute de temps.

Travail de diplme | dition 2012 |

Filire
Systmes industriels

Domaine dapplication
Power & Control

Professeur responsable
Fariba Btzberger Christoph Ellert Fariba.Moghaddam@hevs.ch Christoph.Ellert@hevs.ch

HES-SO Valais Route du Rawyl 47 1950 Sion Tl. URL 027 606 85 11 www.hevs.ch

Interface homme machine Permet lutilisateur davoir une vue densemble de linstallation, de commander les diffrents lments et de visualiser en temps rel les diffrentes grandeurs comme dbit, pression, tension et courant.

DavorVolic 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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Introduction.....................................................................................................................................2 CahierdesCharges.......................................................................................................................... 2 LePlasma.........................................................................................................................................3 DescriptifdelInstallation............................................................................................................... 4 Matchbox.........................................................................................................................................8 5.1 5.2 Mesureducourant................................................................................................................ 10 Mesuredetension ................................................................................................................. 10

6.

Cartelectronique......................................................................................................................... 11 6.1 PCBDeMesure...................................................................................................................... 11 ConversionTensionetCourantenvaleurefficace ........................................................12 MesureDphasageentreUetI.................................................................................... 13

6.1.1 6.1.2 6.2

Commandemoteur............................................................................................................... 14 Circuitdecommande.................................................................................................... 16

6.2.1 7.

Labview..........................................................................................................................................19 7.1 7.2 7.3 Cartedacquisition ................................................................................................................. 19 InterfaceHommeMachine................................................................................................... 20 Programmation..................................................................................................................... 24 Acquisition..................................................................................................................... 24 Phasededmarrageetdarrt...................................................................................... 26

7.3.1 7.3.2

7.3.3Programmationcommandemoteurspaspas................................................................... 27 8. Tests..............................................................................................................................................30 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Testdtanchit................................................................................................................... 30 TestMesureMFC.................................................................................................................. 31 Testdelinaritdescondensateurs..................................................................................... 32 Protocoledetestdelacartedemesure............................................................................... 34 Protocoledetestdelacartedecommande......................................................................... 37

Remarquesetamlioration........................................................................................................... 39 Conclusion.................................................................................................................................40 Remerciement........................................................................................................................... 40 Bibliographie..............................................................................................................................40 Annexe.......................................................................................................................................41 DateetSignature....................................................................................................................... 41

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1. Introduction
LelaboratoiredephysiquedelaHESSOValaispossdeunracteurplasma. Lebutdeceprojetestlautomatisation,linstrumentationetlamiseenserviceduracteurplasma. Letravailestdivisendeuxpartiesdistinctes: Lapremireestleprojetdesemestre,effectupendantlesiximesemestreraisondeunjourpar semaine.lafindecettepremirepartie,unprogrammedebasesurLabviewateffectu,celuici permetlepilotagedesdiffrentslmentscomposantlinstallation. Ladeuximepartieestralisependantles8semainesdutravaildediplme.Lamliorationde linterfaceutilisateur,lesralisationsdescarteslectroniquesdemesureetdecommandedes moteurssontlesobjectifsprincipaux.

2. Cahier des Charges


Pourletravaildediplmelestchessuivantesdevaienttreeffectues: Ajoutdedeuxlectrovannesetdedeuxrgulateursdedbit,pourpouvoirgrerautotal4 gazdiffrents. EquiperlesdeuxpompespardesrelaiscommandsdepuisLabview. Remplacerlesdeuxvannesmanuellesquisesituentlentredespompes,pardesvannes pneumatiquecommandesdepuisLabview. Proposerunventuelrarrangementdelarmoirelectrique. ImplmenterLabviewpourrpondreauxcritressuivants: Envoyerlaconsignededbitaurgulateur. Afficherlamesuredudbitreuparlergulateur. Afficherlesvaleursdepressionextrieureetintrieuredeschambres. Contrlerlouvertureetlafermeturedescinqlectrovannesetdesdeuxvannes pneumatique. Contrlerlenclenchementetledclenchementdespompes. Programmerunephasedinitialisation. Programmerunephasededmarrageetdarrtdeprocd. Stockerlesdonnesetavoirunevisualisationgraphiquedesdiffrentesgrandeurs. Proposeruneinterfaceutilisateur. Effectueruntestdtanchitsurlinstallation. Effectueruntestsurlesrgulateursdedbit. Raliserettesteruncircuitlectroniquepourlamesureducourantetdelatensionentrele gnrateurHFetleMatchbox. Raliserettesteruncircuitdecommandedesmoteurspaspas Rgulationdelimpdanceetdudphasagedanslamatchbox 2|P a g e

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3. Le Plasma
Unplasmaestunmilieugazeuxpartiellementionis.Ilestconstitudemolcules,datomesdionset dlectrons.Toutgazpeutatteindreltatdeplasmapourvuquunenergiedexcitationsuffisante luisoittransmise.LegazsetransformeenPlasmadelamaniresuivante: Legazarriveentredeuxlectrodes.pressionrduiteetstableenviron2mbar,unetension suffisantepourcrerunedchargeestappliqueauxlectrodesunefrquencede13Mhz. partirdecemoment,lesmolculesdegazsefractionnentpourcrerdeslectronslibres, desions. Lafigure1montrelediagrammedePaschen.Cediagrammeindiquelatensionminimale,enfonction duproduitentrelapressionpdugazetdeladistancedentreleslectrodes,permettantaucourant lectriquedesedchargerdanslegaz.

Figure1:DiagrammedePaschen

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4. Descriptif de lInstallation
Surlafigure2,leschmadeprincipedenotreinstallation. 7 6 5 2 4 1 3

Figure2:Schmadeprincipedelinstallation

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Lerledechacundeslmentsselonlafigure2estexpliqucidessous: Nr.1:Lesystmeduvide,estcomposdedeuxpompesetdedeuxvannespneumatique permettantdefairebaisserlapressiondanslachambreintrieureetextrieure.

Vanne pneumatique

Vanne pneumatique

Pompepour videextrieure

Pompepour videintrieure
Figure3:Systmedevide

Nr.2:Lachambreintrieureestlecompartimentousesitueleslectrodesetoulegaz passeltatdeplasma.Lachambreextrieureestutilisecommescurite,afinde minimiserlesfuitesentrelachambreintrieureetlasalle.

Hublotpermettantde voirlachambre intrieureetleplasma

Figure4:Chambreextrieure

Nr.3:RgulateurdepressionVAT,permettantdecontrlerlapressiondanslachambre intrieure.

Figure5:RgulateurdePressionVAT

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Nr.4:Gnrateurdefrquencefournissantlapuissancencessaireafindefairepasserle gazltatdeplasma.

Figure6:Gnrateurdefrquence

Nr.5:Lamatchboxcontientlesmesuresdecourantetdetension.Permettantainside dfinirlesvaleursdimpdanceetdedphasagencessairelargulation.Lesconsignes dimpdanceetdedphasagesontatteintesgrcedeuxcondensateursvariablesfixsdans lamatchbox.

Figure7:Matchbox

Nr.6:ElectrovannecommandedepuisLabviewpourpermettreaugazdaccderdansla chambreintrieure.

Figure8:Electrovanne

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Nr.7:LeMassFlowControllerestunrgulateurdedbitdegazdontlaconsigneestfixe depuisLabview.

Figure9:MassFlowController

Surnotreinstallation,legazpasseltatdeplasmadelamaniresuivante: Premirementonallumelespompesintrieureetextrieure,unefoislesdeuxpompes enclenchesonouvrelesdeuxvannespneumatiquesafindefairebaisserlapressiondansles chambresextrieureetintrieure. Lorsquelapressiondanslesdeuxchambresestinfrieure2[mbar],llectrovanne principaleainsiquellectrovannecorrespondanteaugazsouhaitpeuventtreouvertes. Onchoisitlaconsignededbitdegazsouhaitepuislegazestamendanslachambre intrieure. Puislegnrateurdefrquenceestenclenchmanuellementafindappliquunetension lasurfacedeslectrodesetainsinousobtenonsnotreplasma.

Schma lectrique
LeschmalectriquedelinstallationsetrouveenAnnexe1. Remarque: UndesproblmesavecLabviewsesituelorsquelordinateurestallumetqueleprogramme Labviewnestpasallum.Labviewmettraautomatiquementtouslessoritesdigitaux1etdoncles pompesetlesvannesseraientenclenches.Pourviterceproblmeunrelaisavecdescontacts normalementfermsatajout,lerledecerelaisestdechoisirquelmomentlesautresrelais quialimententlesvannesetlepompespeuventtreactionne.Dansleschmalectriqueen Annexe4lerelaisladnominationRelaislancerinstallation.Ainsilorsquelessortiessont1,les contactsdecerelaissontouvertetdonaucunautrerelaisnestaliment.

Conception pice pour fixation connecteur


CettepicesertdegabaritpourqueleconnecteurdeTypeNsefixedessus. Lapiceserautiliselorsdestestsdugnrateurhautefrquenceetseraplacentrelegnrateur etlaMatchboxVectronics. EnAnnexe2lesplansdelapice

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5. Matchbox
Lerledelamatchboxestdergulerlimpdancedusystmeetledphasageentrecourantet tension,grcedeuxmoteurspaspasquifontvarierlavaleurdescondensateurs. Surlesfigures10et11leschmaquivalentdelamatchboxetlaphoto:

Figure10:SchmaHFSystme

C2 L=164.2nH C1 Sondede tension

SondeRogowski

Figure11:Matchbox

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Lavaleurdelimpdancedanslachambrevarieenfonctiondelafrquence.Ledessindelafigure12 quireprsentelintrieureduracteurexpliqueloriginedecetteimpdance.

Figure12:CoupeduRacteurPlasma

Levidequilexisteentrellectrodeetlaterresecomportecommeuncondensateur.Untesteat effectu,parmescollgueslorsduPGA,pourdterminerlavaleurdecetteimpdance.Letestat effectusansapportdegazetpressionambiante.Lersultatestvisiblesurlafigure13

Figure13:Valeurdel'impdancedanslachambreenfonctiondelafrquence

Lacapacitduncondensateurestcalculedelamaniresuivante: Avec 8.84 10

quireprsentelapermittivitrelativeduvideet lapermittivitrelative

dugazprsentdansleracteur.Donclavaleurdelimpdancedansleracteurdpenddugaz inject. 9|P a g e

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5 5.1 Mesur re du cou urant


Lecoura antcirculantdanslamatc chboxestme esurgrceunenroule ementRogow wski.

Figure15:SondeRogow wski

Figure14 :PhotoSonde Rogowski

Latensio oninduiteU2estproport tionnellad driveduco ourantdansleconducteu ur.Cettetensionest ensuitea amenejusq qulaplaquePCBdeme esurequisoccupedutra aitementdu signal. Habituel llementlenr roulementRogowskiest reliuncircuitintgrate eurafindeco ompenserle dphasa agede90d latension ninduitequi estproportionnelladriveduco ourant.

5 5.2 Mesur re de ten nsion


Latensio onestmesur regrceun u diviseurca apacitif.

Figure17:Diviseurdete ensioncapacitif

Figure16 :capacitdans s lamatchbox

Lavaleurdelacapac citdanslaMatchbox M est tdfiniedelamaniresuivante: 10|P a g e

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Aveccommeparamtrelesvaleurssuivantes: 19 30 10 0.00075

8.86 10

CequinousdonnecommevaleurdecapacitC=0.35pF CettetensionmesurvaensuitesurlaplaquePCBdemesurequiconvertinotretensionsinusodale entensionefficace.

6. Carte Electronique
6.1 PCB De Mesure
Commeexpliqudansleschapitres5.1et5.2,unemesuredetensionetdecourantsinusodal hautefrquenceesteffectuegrcelasondeRogowskietlasondedetension.Leproblmeest quecesfrquencesbeaucouptropleves(10Mhz100Mhz)nepermettentpasderentrer directementsurlescartesdacquisition. Pourremdierceproblmeunelectroniquedemesureatconue.Lerledecettecarteest dobtenirlesvaleursefficacescourantettension,ainsiqueledphasageentrelesdeuxsignaux.La schmatiquedellectroniquesetrouveenAnnexe3etleprotocoledetestsetrouvedansle chapitre8.4. Cidessousleschmablocpermettantunemeilleurecomprhensiondelasolutionchoisieetla photodelacartePCB.

Figure18:SchmablocpourconversionSinusversvaleursefficace

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EntreBNC pourlaTension

Sortiedes valeursefficaces tension,courant etdphasage


Figure19:Cartelectroniquedemesure

EntreBNC pourleCourant

6.1.1 Conversion Tension et Courant en valeur efficace


Afindenepasavoirdeperturbationduauxhautesfrquencesappliques(10Mhz100Mhz),la liaisonentrelamatchboxetllectroniquedemesuresefaitlaidedecblescoaxiaux.Deplustous lescomposantsutilisssurlacartesontdesSMDpouvanttravaillerauxfrquencesdsires. LaConversiondecourantetdetensionsinusodaleenvaleurRMSsefaitdelamaniresuivante: lentreduPCBundiviseurrsistifpourlecourantetundiviseurcapacitifpourlatension onttmisenplaceafindenepasfairesaturerlasortiedumultiplieur.
Figure21:Diviseurrsistif Figure20 :Diviseurcapacitif

0.09

Rapportdesdiviseurs: Diviseurrsistif: Diviseurcapacitif:


0.009

LemultiplieurchoisiestlAD835(datasheetAnnexe4)carlechippeuxtravaillerjusqudes frquencesde200MHz.Ilmultiplielesinusparluimmeetdoncensortieonobtientun sinusredress. Lesinusredressesttransformentensioncontinugrceaufiltrepassebas.Cettevaleurest galeaucarrdelavaleurRMSsouhait.Pourobtenirlavaleurcorrecteunemisesous racineesteffectuedansLabview. 12|P a g e

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Choixdescomposantspourlefiltrepassebas.

Figure22:FiltrePasseBas

Lechoixdelafrquencedecoupureestdimensionnparrapportlaplusbassedefrquences fourniparlegnrateur(10MHz).Aprsplusieursessaisavecdesvaleursdersistanceetde condensateursdiffrentes,lescomposantssuivantonttchoisi: R=12K C=100pF Donousobtenonslafrquencedecoupuresuivante: 1 2 1 2 12 10 100 10 132

6.1.2 Mesure Dphasage entre U et I


LedphasageentrelecourantetlatensionsobtientgrceaumultiplieurAD835.Leschmade principeestsensiblementlemmequepourobtenirlavaleurRMS

Figure23:MesuredphasageentreUetI

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LasortiedumultiplieurUm(t)varieenfonctiondutempsetestdfinieparlquationsuivante: ComposanteContinue Composanteenfonction delafrquence


sin sin sin 2

sin

Pourobtenirledphasage,seullacomposantecontinuenousintresse,lasecondecomposantesera supprimeparlefiltre.Lavaleurlusurlacartedacquisitionpourledphasageest: sin 2

Ainsinousobtenonslavaleurdedphasageentrelecourantetlatension: sin 2

Lapartienoncontinuedelquationestsupprimsaveclefiltrepassebasdontlafrquencede coupureestgaledeuxfoislaplushautedesfrquencesdugnrateur.Dansnotrecas,le gnrateurAppexaunefrquencefixede13.6Mhz,etdonclafrquencedecoupuredufiltredoit tregale27.2Mhz.Aprsplusieurstestslescomposantssuivantsonttchoisis: R=12KetC=50pF

6.2 Commande moteur


Afindepouvoirrglerlimpdanceetledphasage,deuxcondensateursvariablessontfixdansla matchbox.Cesdeuxcondensateurssontajustsgrcedeuxmoteursquisonpilotsdepuis Labview. LesmoteursutilisssontdesmoteurspaspasdontledatasheetsetrouveenAnnexe5.

ValeurNominal Rsolution Nbrdepas Courant Tension 1.8 200pas/tour 1.2Aparphase 4V


Figure24 :Moteurpaspas

Tableau1:Donnesdumoteur

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Mode de commande
Ilexistedeuxmodesdecommandediffrentespourlesmoteurspaspas.Lemodedecommande demipasetpasentier.Lemodedecommandedemipasatchoisi.Sonprincipalavantageestquil augmentelenombredepasdansuntourdunfacteurdeuxetdonclaprcisiondelavaleurdu condensateur(datasheetAnnexe6).Pourchaquedemipaseffectulacapacitducondensateur variede0.0625pF. Condensateur LeschmalectroniquedecommandesetrouveenAnnexe7etleprotocoledetestsetrouveau chapitre8.5,leschmablocsuivantfacilitelacomprhensiondusystme.Lefonctionnementde chacundeslmentsestexpliqudanslechapitre6.2.1. Cmin 25pF Cmax 250pF CminCmax pF/tour 10.8Tours 20.83pF/tour

Tableau2:Donnesducondensateur

Figure25:Schmablocdecommandedesmoteurs

L297

VCO

L298

Figure26:Cartelectroniquedecommandedesmoteurs

Bornierpour Moteurs

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6.2.1 Circuit de commande


Voltage Controlled Oscillator
UnVCO(VoltageControlledOscillator)estunoscillateurpilotparunetensioncontinu.DeuxVCO sontncessairepourpiloterlavitessedesdeuxmoteurssparment.LeVCOestindispensablecar lesTTLfourniparlescartesdacquisition,nesontpascapabledallerunefrquenceaudessusde 50Hz.LedatasheetdesVCOutilisssetrouveenannexe8

Figure27:VCOXR2209

LeVCOestcommandlaidededeuxsignaux,unsignalanalogiqueetunsignaldigital.Lafrquence souhaiteestfixlaidedeVCO1_ANAetcommeleVCOfournitentouttempsunsignaldesortie carr,ilestncessairedelecouper.PourcefaireunmosfetBS170atplac.Un5Vsurlagatedu mosfetpermetdestopperlesignaldesortieduVCO.

Frquence
1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 Tension[V] Frquence[Hz]

Figure28:TestLinaritduVCO

LeVCOestlinaire,etsaplagedefrquencevarieentre1130Hzet200Hzpourunetensionallantde 0V2V.Enmodedemipas,1130Hzreprsenteunvitessepourlemoteurde2.9tours/setpour 200Hz0.5tours/s.


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L297
LechipL297(datasheetAnnexe9)contienttouteslescommandesncessairesaupilotagedun moteurpaspas.UtilisavecundoublepontH,dansnotrecasleL298,lensembleconstitueun pilotageidaldunmoteurpaspasdepuisLabview.

Figure29:CircuitdecommandeL297aveclepontHL298N

Lel297estcapabledegnrerlesTTLdesdeuxphasesdumoteurenfonctionduntraindimpulsion quilreoitsursonentreclock. VoiciladescriptiondesprincipauxsignauxdentressurleL297: Clock:signaldhorlogeprovenantduVCO,fixantlavitessedumoteur.Chaqueflanc montantincrmentelemoteurdundemipas. cw/CCW:slectiondusensderotation. Enable:Leniveaulogique0,lemoteurestinactifcequipermetsonaxedetourner librement.Lorsqueleniveaupasse1lemoteurestprttreactiv. Vref:tensionderfrencepermettantdefixerlalimitationdecourant Half/Full:indiquedansquelmodedecommandevouspilotez,modepasentieroudemi pas. Voicilessignauxdesdeuxphases(phase1AB,phase2BC)danslemodedemipas.

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Figure30:Signauxdesdumodedemipas

LalimitesuprieureducourantfixersurVrefestchoisieaucourantnominaldumoteursoit1.2A plusunemargede0.2Adonc1.4A.Cettevaleurdoittrefixeentension.tantdonnqueles rsistancesshuntsRs1etRs2valent1,onobtient1.4Vquiestquivalent1.4A. Cettevaleurestdfinieaveclediviseurdetensionsuivant:

Figure31:Diviseurdetension

2 2 1

1.4

4.7 et donc R1

12K

L298N
LeL298N(datasheetAnnexe10)estundoublepontenHformantainsiltagedepuissance permettantdepiloterlemoteurpaspas.Ilpossdeunaccslmetteurdechaquedriver,ainsi lintensitducouranttraversantlesbobinesestconnueparlintermdiairedesrsistancesshunts.

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Figure32:L298N

UneattentionparticulireatporteaufaitquelecircuitL298Nnepossdepasdediodesde roueslibres.Ilestdoncncessairedelesajouteraumontage.CesdiodessontdesBYV10qui supportentuncourantde1.5A.Ellessontutilisesuniquementlorsquelemoteureststopp,ainsile moteurquiestcomposdinductancespeutsedchargerautraversdesdiodes.

7. Labview
7.1 Carte dacquisition
LesmoduleschoisispourlagestiondelenvoietdelarceptiondessignauxdepuisLabview jusquauxcarteslectroniqueetsurlacartedesrelaissefaislaidede: UnecartedacquisitionNIUSB6008dontledatasheetsetrouveenAnnexe11 DeuxcartesdacquisitionsNIPCIMOI16XE50dontledatasheetsetrouveenAnnexe12 LalistedesentressortiesdescartesdacquisitionsetrouveenAnnexe13.

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7.2 Interface Homme Machine


Afindavoiruneinterfaceutilisateurdesplusconvivialespossible,jemesuisbassurleschmade principedelafigure1pourcrermoninterface.Ainsichaqueutilisateurpourraretrouvertousles lmentsdelinstallationsurlcrandelordinateur,etdecettemaniresyretrouverbeaucoupplus facilement.Linterfacepermetdecommanderetdevisualiserchaquecomposantdelinstallation. Linterfacehommemachineestcomposdetroispanneauxdiffrents.Onpassefacilementdun affichagelautregrceauxlabelsquisesituentengauchedelinterface(voirFigure33).Les3 affichagespossiblessontlessuivants: Process:Interfacehommemachinepermettantdecommanderetdevisualiserchaque composantdelinstallation. RealtimeTrend:Permetdaffichersurungraphiquelesvaleursdsiresentempsrel.En annexe14unexempledevisualisationdesgraphiques. HistorialTrend:Permetdaffichersurungraphiquelesvaleursdsirsenchoisissantsur queldureonveutafficherlesdonnes.Touteslesvaleursluesdes365derniersjourssont enregistresdansunfichier,etainsinouspouvonslesaffichernimportequelmoment.En annexe15unexempledevisualisationdesgraphiques. Linstallationpeuttrecommandededeuxmaniresdiffrentes:

Mode manuel
Danscemode,lutilisateuraaccstousleslmentsdelinstallation.Ilpeutchoisirlordre denclenchementdespompesetdesvannespneumatiques.Cemodepermetaussilutilisateurde fairevarierlescapacitsdescondensateursenavanantouenreculantlesmoteurs.

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Choixdelavisualisation

Figure33:Interfacehommemachineenmodemanuel

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Figure34:CommandeMoteurpaspasdanslemodemanuel

Surlafigure34,setrouvelacommandeutilisepourpiloterlesdeuxmoteurspaspas.Cette commandenestaccessiblequenmodemanuel.Laprogrammationncessairepourlepilotagedes deuxmoteursesttraiteauchapitre7.3.3.

Mode automatique
Danscemode,lesvannespneumatiquesetlespompessenclenche,dsquelutilisateurappuiesur leboutonModeAutomatique.Aveccemodelutilisateurnapasaccsaupilotagedesmoteurs paspas,maisildevradonnerdesconsignesdimpdanceetdedphasage,etcestunrgulateur implmentdansLabviewquicontrleralesmoteursafindarriverauxconsignessouhaites.

Figure35:Commandemoteurpaspasinaccessibleenmodeautomatique

Figure36:Consignesd'impdanceetdedphasage

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Figure37:Interfacehommemachinemodeautomatique

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7.3 Programmation

7.3.1 Acquisition
Sorties digitales
Lafigure38reprsentelaprogrammationncessairepourchangerunbitlasortie. 1 2 3

Figure38:Programmationsortiedigital

Cettepartieduprogrammegrelasortiedigitaledellectrovanneprincipale. Voicilexplicationdelutilitdechaqueblocquisetrouvesurlafigure38: 1:Dfinitdansquellecartedacquisitionsetsurquellesortienotreprogrammevaaller crire.DansnotrecasDevice3reprsenteleNIUSB6008,etiracriresurlasortieport0 ligne0quiestdsignparDO.0 2:LislavariableGmainpoursavoirsiilyaeuunchangementdtat 3:Indiquelafinduprogramme.

Sorties Analogiques
Lafigure39reprsentelaprogrammationncessairepourgrerunesortieanalogique. 2

Figure39:Programmationsortiesanalogiques

Cettepartieduprogrammegrelenvoieduneconsigneentre05VsurlesMFC1et2, Voicilexplicationdelutilitdechaquebloc: 1:Dfinitdansquellecartedacquisitionsetsurquellesortienotreprogrammevaaller crire.DansnotrecasDevice3reprsenteleNIUSB6008,etiracriresurlessortiesA0.0et AO.1.Lalimitationde05Vsefixedanscebloc. 2:Lecturedesvaleursdeconsignesimposesdepuislinterfaceutilisateuretcesvaleurs sontensuiteenregistresdansuntableau,puiscrissurlasortie. 3:Indiquelafinduprogramme.

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Entres analogiques
Lafigure40reprsentelaprogrammationncessairepourlirelesentresanalogiques.

2
Figure40:Programmationentresanalogiques

Cettepartieduprogrammeestutilispourallerlirelentreanalogique,cesontlesvaleursdes pressionsdeschambresintrieuresetextrieuresquisontluesdanscetexemple. Voicilexplicationdelutilitdechaquebloc: 1:Dfinitdansquellecartedacquisitionsetsurquellesortienotreprogrammevaallerlire. DansnotrecasDevice3reprsenteleNIUSB6008,etiraliresurlasortieAI.0etAI.1.Dans ceblocnousfixonsaussilalimitationlentre. 2:Dansletableaulesvaleurssonten[V],pourtransformercesdonnesenvaleursphysique [mbar]jemesuisservidesdatasheet(Annexe16et17)descapteursdepressionpourfaire laconversion.Unefoislaconversionralisecesvaleurssontenregistresdanslesvariables correspondantesetserontautomatiquementaffichssurlinterfaceutilisateur.

Figure42:ConversionpourpressionIntrieure 3:Indiquelafinduprogramme.

Figure41:ConversionpourPressionextrieure

Affichage du courant, tension et dphasage


Lesvaleursdetension,courantetdphasagearrivesurlacartedacquisitionsousformedetension continue. AfindelirelesbonnesvaleursunetransformationdansLabviewdoittreeffectue. Pourlecourantetlatensionilsagitdemultiplierlavaleurobtenuparlefacteurdudiviseurrsistif etcapacitif(9.09pourlecourantet99pourlatension).Unefoiscettemultiplicationeffectue,une misesousracineestfaite.

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Figure43:Affichagecourantettension

Pourobtenirlabonnevaleurdudphasageentrecourantettension,laformulemontreauchapitre 6.1.2estutilis.

Figure44:Affichagedudphasage

7.3.2 Phase de dmarrage et darrt


Pourassurerunescuritoptimaledelinstallationetdumatriel,unepremireboucledoitobliger lutilisateurallumeretteindreleracteurdansuncertainordre. Pourlaphasededmarragelordreestlesuivant: Choixdumode(automatiqueoumanuel)allumerlesdeuxpompesouvrirlesdeux vannespneumatiques Pourlaphasedarrtlaprocdureestlasuivante: FermerlesdeuxvannesEteindrelesdeuxpompesEteindrelinstallation Pourassurercesprocduresdedmarrageetdarrt,lutilisationdeStructureCasetaitlamanire laplussimpledyparvenir. Remarque:StructureCaseenLabview=ifenC Danslefigures45et46laprogrammationpourralisercesdeuxprocdures.

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Figure45:Programmationpourl'utilisationdespompes

Lespompessontgrisesetinaccessiblesilinstallationnestpasenclenchousiunedesdeuxvannes pneumatiquesestouverte. Lespompessontaccessiblesilinstallationestenclenchetsilesdesdeuxvannespneumatiques sontouvertes.

Figure46:programmationpourl'utilisationdesvannes

Lesvannessontgrisesestinaccessiblestantquelesdeuxpompesnesontpasenclenches.

7.3.3 Programmation commande moteurs pas pas


Danslemodemanuel,chaquemoteurpeuttrecommandsparment,commemontrdansle chapitre7.2.

Figure47:Commandemoteur

Surlafigure48laprogrammationncessairepourlepilotagedunmoteur: 27|P a g e

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2 3

Figure48:Sortiepourpilotagedumoteurpaspas

Cettepartieducodeestutilispourpiloterlemoteurduhaut.Onrentredanslestructurecasesiun desboutonsavanceroureculermoteuratactionn.Voicilexplicationdesblocsutiliss: Bloc1:Lorsquundesboutonsestenclench,lasortiedigitaleestactive.Cettesortie estensuiteconnectelentreduPCBdecommandedesmoteurs(entreenable_M1) .Ainsiledriverdumoteurhautestactiv. Bloc2:CeblocestutilispourdfinirlatensiondentreduVCO.Envariantlavaleurde sortieaupoint3faitvarierlafrquencedesortiedesTTL.Iciuneconsignede1.1vest imposesurleVCOpouravoirensortiedesTTLunefrquencede600Hzsequi reprsenteunevitessepourlemoteurde1.5tours/s. Pourdfinirlesensderotationlecodesuivantestutilis:

Figure49:Choixdusensdumoteur

Sileboutonavancermoteurestenclench,lasortiedigitalequiestconnectsurlentreSens_M1 delacartePCB,estdsactive.Doncun5VsurlentreSens_M1faistournerlemoteurdansun sensetunsignal0Vlefaittournerdanslautresens. Unescuritatrajoutpourquelesboutonsavancermoteursetreculermoteurnepuissepas treenclenchsimultanment.

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Commeexpliqudanslechapitre6.2.2,pourcouperlesignalTTLvenantduVCO,unsignal5Vdoit tremissurlegatedumosfet.Ildoityavoir5Vsurlemosfetsiaucundesboutonsavancerou reculernestactiv.Lecodesuivantralisecettefonction:

Figure50:SignaldesortiepourcouperleTTL

Initialisation de la position zro de condensateurs


chaquenouveaulancementduprogrammeLabviewunefentreapparat,demandant lutilisateurdelancerlaphasederepositionnementdescondensateurs.Lorsquelutilisateurclique surlancerinitialisationlesmoteurssontactivsetretournentleurspositionszro.Cetteposition zrocorrespondunevaleurdecondensateursgale250pF.

Figure51:Repositionnementdesmoteurs

Lapositionzroetlaplagededplacementestdfiniedelamaniresuivante: Lesdeuxcondensateursonttmisleursvaleursmaximum(250pF)manuellementune premirefois. Cettepositioncorrespondunevaleurzrodansuncompteur. Parrapportaudatasheetdescondensateurs(annexe6),ilfaut10.8tourspourpasserdela capacitmaximumminimum(250pF25pF). SachantquelafrquencedesortieduVCOestde600Hz,etquelesmoteurssontpilotsen modedemipas.Alorslemoteureffectue1.5tours/setpourfaireles10.8toursilluifaut 7.2s. Lorsquelecondensateuravanceonincrmentelecompteurtoutesles100ms.Pourarriver lavaleurminimalducondensateur(25pF)ilfautquelecompteuratteignelavaleur72= 7200ms=7.2s. Lavaleurducondensateurestainsiconnueenfonctionducompteur. o Silecompteur=0condensateur=250pF o Silecompteur=72condensateur=25pf Unescuritprogrammeempchelecondensateurdedpassercesvaleurslimite(25pFet 250pF) 29|P a g e

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noterquecettemthodeestimprcise,carlemoteurpeutsauterdespas,notammentlorsde larrtcausedesoninertie. Voicilesdiffrentsblocsutilisspourcontrlerlacoursedesmoteurs:

Figure52:Implmentationducompteur

Figure53:Implmentationdesfinsdecourse

8. Tests
8.1 Test dtanchit
Untestdtanchitateffectusurtoutelinstallation. Leprincipeestlesuivant: Lesdeuxpompessontenclenchesetlesdeuxvannespneumatiquessontouvertes. Puistourderlenousouvronsleslectrovannesetregardonssilapressionreste suffisammentbasse. Silapressionaugmente,nousutilisionsdelthanolsurlesraccordsentrelestuyauxet lesMFCpourvoirquelendroitsetrouverlafuite. Silapressionrestaitsuffisammentbassenouspassionltagesuivante. Aprsplusieursessaisetplusieursrglagessurlinstallation,nousavonseffectuuntest concluantdontlesrsultatssetrouventdansletableau3.

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Tableau3:Testdtanchit

Remarque: Lapressionde0.01[mbar]sexpliqueparlefaite,quelapressionesttellementbasse,queles valeursnesontpasdanslesplagesdemesuredelappareil.

8.2 Test Mesure MFC


Pourvrifierlebonfonctionnementdesrgulateursdedbit,laussiuntestatmisenplace,dont leprincipeetlesuivant: Lorsquelinstallationestenclenche,nousaugmentonslaconsignededbitdugaz,pas pasetregardonscommentragislapressionintrieuretextrieurdenoschambres. Ensuitenousralisonsungraphiqueoulonaffichelapressionintrieureetextrieureen fonctiondelaconsigne.Sinotreinstallationestcorrecte,nousdevonsobtenirunedroite delapressionintrieurelinaireetsansoffset.

MFC 3

Figure54:TestMFC3P=f(consigne)

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MFC 4

Figure55:TestMFC4P=f(consigne)

Remarque: Onconstatequesurlesfigures54et55ladroitePintestbienlinaireetilnyapasdoffset. Onremarquequesurlesfigures54et55qupartirduneconsignede0.5[V]surledbit,la pressiondelachambreextrieureaugmente.Celaestsurementduparlefaiteque ltanchitentrelesdeuxchambresnestpasoptimal.

8.3 Test de linarit des condensateurs


Lestestsdelinaritsurlesdeuxcondensateursontteffectusdelamaniresuivante: Lesdeuxcondensateurssontmisleurpositionzroetontcommecapacit250pF.Puisdes pasdeuntouretdemisonteffectusetlanouvellevaleurdecapacitestlue. Surlesfigures52et53lestestsdelinaritdescondensateurs.

Condensateur1
300 CapacitpF 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Nombredetourseffectus

Figure56;Valeursducondensateur1enfonctiondunombredetoureffectus

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Condensateur2
300 250 CapacitpF 200 150 100 50 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Nombredetourseffectus

Figure57.Valeursducondensateur2enfonctiondunombredetoureffectus

Lesdeuxcondensateursontuncomportementlinaire.

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8.4 Protocole de test de la carte de mesure


AfindevrifierlebonfonctionnementdelacartedemesureunProtocoldetestateffectu.
Mesures Condition Alimentation 9[V] l'entre de la plaque Alimentation 9[V] l'entre du traco Power TMR 0521 Tension +5 [V] la sortie du TMR 0521 Tension -5 [V] la sortie du TMR 0521 Point de Mesure J1 U1 (1:2) U1 (6:7) U1 (8:7) U2 (6) Alimentation Alimentation 5[V] sur les 3 multiplieurs AD835 U3 (6) U4 (6) U2 (3) Alimentation -5[V] sur les 3 multiplieurs AD835 U3 (3) U4 (3) Envoi sinus f=13.6Mhz U=1Vpp Aprs diviseur rsistif Rsulats attendus 9[V] 9[V] 5[V] -5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] -5[V] -5[V] -5[V] Rsultats obtenus 9[V] 9[V] 5[V] -5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] -5[V] -5[V] -5[V] Ok ok ok ok ok ok ok ok ok ok ok

Diviseur rsistif

Sinus: F=13.6Mhz U=0.09*1Vpp= Voir figure 59 0.09Vpp

ok

AD835

Verifier si sinus redrss au double de la frquence la sortie de l'AD835

U2 (5)

Sinus redress Voir figure 60 avec F=27.2 Mhz

Ok

Tension Continu

lecture de la tension Continu

J4 (1)

Voir figure 61

ok

Figure58:Protocoldetestcartedemesure

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Figure59:S Sinusaprsdiviseurrsistif

Figu ure60:Sinusre dressaprsle emultiplieurAD D835

lestredress etestaudoubledelaf frquence.Par P contreun noffsetde50 0mVvientin nfluencer Lesignal lamesur re. 35|P a g e

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Figure61:Tensioncontinuensortiedelacartedemesure

Latensionensortiedelacarteestgale90mV.Sionmultipliecettevaleurparlefacteurdu diviseurrsistif,nousobtenonssqrt(90mV*)=1Vrms.Durantmontest,unsinusavecune amplitude1Vppatenvoy,celaveutdirequelavaleurefficacedoittregale353mV. Cettediffrenceentrelesdeuxvaleurssexpliqueparloffsetlorsdelamultiplication(Figure60). Sicettecarteserautilisdansuntravailfuture,ilserancessairedecalibrerlesmesuresdans Labview,afindavoirlesbonnesvaleursefficacespourcompenserloffsetdanslamesure.

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8.5 Protocole de test de la carte de commande


LebonfonctionnementdelacartedecommandedesmoteursateffectugrceunProtocolde test.
Mesures Condition Alimentation 7[V] l'entre de la plaque Alimentation 7[V] l'entre du traco Power TMR 2-0511 Tension +5 [V] la sortie du TMR 2-0511 Alimentation 5[V] sur les 2 VCO XR-2209 Point de Mesure J1 U1 (1:2) U1 (3:5) U2 (1) U3 (1) U4 (12) U6 (12) U5 (9) U7 (9) Rsulats attendus 7[V] 7[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] Frquence qui varie en fonction de la tension applique Rsultats obtenus 7[V] 7[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] 5[V] Ok ok ok ok ok ok ok ok ok ok

Alimentation

Alimentation 5[V] sur les 2 drivers L297

Alimentation 5[V] sur les 2 ponts H L298

VCO

test de linarti des VCO

U2 (7)

Voir figure 60

ok

L297

Vrifier que le signal de sortie des VCO arrive sur l'entre du L297 Vrifier on retrouve le signal pour les deux phases

U6(18) et U4(16)

ok

L298

U5 (2, 3 , 13 , 14 ) U7 (2, 3, 13, 14)

Voir figure 61

ok

Figure62:Protocoldetestdelacartedecommandedesmoteurs

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Frquence
1200 1000 Frquence[Hz] 800 600 400 200 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 Tension[V] 2 2.5

Figure63:testdelinaritdesVCO

LeVCOestlinaire,etlaplagedefrquencevarieentre1130Hzet200Hzpourunetensionallantde 0V2V.Enmodedemipas,1130Hzreprsenteunvitessepourlemoteurde2.9tours/setpour 200Hz0.5tours/s.

Figure64:Signauxdesdeuxphasesenmodedemipas

Surlafigure64,lessignauxpourlesdeuxphasesdumoteurpaspasprovenantdudriverL297sont correctscarilscorrespondentlafigure30provenantdudatasheet. 38|P a g e

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9. Remarques et ame lioration


Court circuit du gnrateur
Durantlajournedu26juinlegnrateurfututilisafindefairedestestssurdeschantillons damidon.Deplusuneanalysedespectreatfaiteetpourgarantirunemesureoptimaleunrideau noirfutposetlaportefutfermeduranttoutelajourne. Leproblmeestquelatempratureextrieuretaitdjtrsleve,etlatempraturedanslasalle grimpaitcausedesdeuxpompesquifonctionnaient.Auboutduncertaintempsladiffrencede tempratureentrelasalleetlecircuitderefroidissementdugnrateurcradelacondensation danslegnrateurdefrquence,dolecourtcircuit. Depuisnousnavonsplusdegnrateur,ettouslestestssurlinstallationontdtrestopps.Sile gnrateurnousrevientavantlaprsentationorale,jepourraisfaireunesriedemesurepour caractriserlinstallation.Malheureusementaucunemesurenestfaitepourlinstant.

Amlioration apporter
Suiteauproblmerencontraveclegnrateur,ilseraitncessairedinstallerune climatisationafindassurerunetempratureambianteacceptablepourlegnrateur. tantdonnlatailledelinstallation,dplacerlensembledansunesalleplusgrande,afin davoiruncertainconfortdetravail. Les4MFCdispositionsonttouscalibrspourcontrlerledbitdegazdelazote.tant donnquelontravailavecdiffrentsgaz,ilestncessairedefaireunecalibrationpour chaquegaz. FixerunsupportsurlaMatchboxpourassurerunebonnestabilit Durantceprojetlesmesuresdecourantettensionsonteffectueslaidedunesonde Rogowskietdunetensioncapacitive.Cependantlamatchboxpossdelabaseunepartie dlectroniquequimesurelecourantetlatension.Ilsagiraitdereprendresurcette lectroniquelesvaleursdetensionetdecourant.
Figure66:Boitiercontenantl'lectroniquedemesure 65:Sortieduboitier

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10. Conclusion
Ledveloppementdestroispartiesprincipalessoitlapartiemiseenroutedelinstallation, informatiqueetlectroniqueonttraliscorrectement.Cependantlecahierdeschargesat modifidurantletravaildediplme,etcestpourcetteraisonquelargulationdelimpdanceest reporte. Lapartieinformatiquepermetlutilisateurdavoirunevuedensembledelinstallationetpermet devisualiserentempsrellediffrentesdonnes.Lacartelectroniquedecommandedesmoteurs, permetdepiloterlesmoteurspaspasetainsidefairevarierlavaleurdescondensateurs. Lacartedemesureauniquementtaittestesurungnrateurdefonctionestnapasputre testssurlinstallation. Lamultidisciplinaritduprojetetacomplexitontrenducetravailparticulirementintressant. NotammentlapprentissagedulogicielLabviewainsiquelaconceptiondescartesPCB. Letempspasssurceprojetmapermisdacqurirunegrandeexpriencedansledveloppement dunprojetetmoffreainsiuneparfaiteprparationlinsertiondanslemondeprofessionnel.

11. Remerciement
Jetiensremercier: MadameFaribaMoghaddametMonsieurChristophEllert,quimontsuivitoutaulongduprojetet quiparleursnombreuxconseilsmontpermisdavanceraumieuxduranttoutelaphaseduprojet. AldoVaccari,poursadisponibilitlorsdemaprogrammationsurLabview. SteveGallay,poursonaidelorsdelaconceptiondescarteslectroniques.

12. Bibliographie
40|P a g e ForumNationalInstrument RapportPGA(EberhardtJoahnn,SchallerPhilipp,BorterAngelo) CoursdElectroniqueIndustriel,3meannesHESSoValais.

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13. Annexe
Annexe1:Schmalectrique Annexe2:Picepourfixationconnecteur Annexe3:Schmalectroniquedelacartedemesure Annexe4:DatasheetmultiplieurAD835 Annexe5:DatasheetMoteurpaspas Annexe6:DatasheetCondensateur Annexe7:Schmalectroniquedelacartedecommandedesmoteurspaspas Annexe8:DatasheetdesVCO Annexe9:DatasheetL297 Annexe10:DatasheetL298 Annexe11:DatasheetNiUSB Annexe12:DatasheetNIPCI Annexe13:ListeEntres/Sorties Annexe14:ExempleRealTimeTrendLabview Annexe15:ExempleHistoricalTrendLabview Annexe16:Datasheetcapteurpressionintrieure Annexe17:Datasheetcapteurpressionextrieure

14. Date et Signature


Sion,le9juillet2012 41|P a g e DavorVolic

Volic Davor 230

Schma lctrique
230

09.07.2012

230 N PE

230 N PE

L N PE

X1 X3

2 40

DO0 (GMain) DO1 (GV1) DO2 (GV2) DO3 DO4 DO5 DO6 DO7 DO8 DO9 GND

230/ 24VDC

Tracopower Prim 230 Sec:15/-15/ 5VDC

G N 1234567891 0D Relais Platine


X5 X6 X7

9 10
-15 0 15 GND AI2 (0-10V) GND AO0 (0-5V)

-15 0 15 GND AI2 (0-10V) GND AO0 (0-5V)

-15 0 15 GND AI2 (0-10V) GND AO0 (0-5V)

-15 0 15 GND AI2 (0-10V) GND AO0 (0-5V)

A la sortie des Relais: 24V qui vont alimenter les vanne, pompes, et linstallation

24

FC1

FC2

FC3

FC4

X2 X4 F1 0 24 0 24 0 24 0 24 0 24 0 24 0 24 0 24 0 24 0 24

AI0 (0-10V) GND

AI1 (0-10V) GND

Relais Pompe intrieure GMain GV1 GV2 GV3 GV4 Vanne Pompe Intrieure Vanne Pompe extrieure

Relais pompe extrieure

Relais Lancer installation

Aussendruck

Pa Kammer

Innendruck

Pi Kammer

60,00 22,00
8

6xM3
6

94,00 14,00

5,00

74,00

34

30,00

35,00

45,00

5,00
6 0 ,0

,0 21

A
12,00

M5

38,00

35,00

30,00
10,00

10,00 19,00 24,00 29,00

Montage assembl

Dessin Gezeichnet Contrl Geprft

09.07.2012

Echelle Massstab

1:1

Fichier Datei

F:\Travail de diplme\Inventor\Plasma\Assembly1.idw
VALAIS WALLIS

Hesso

250 MHz, Voltage Output, 4-Quadrant Multiplier AD835


FEATURES
Simple: basic function is W = XY + Z Complete: minimal external components required Very fast: Settles to 0.1% of full scale (FS) in 20 ns DC-coupled voltage output simplifies use High differential input impedance X, Y, and Z inputs Low multiplier noise: 50 nV/Hz

FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM


X1 X2 XY + Y1
00883-001

X = X1 X2

AD835

XY + Z +

X1

W OUTPUT

Y2

Y = Y1 Y2 Z INPUT

APPLICATIONS
Very fast multiplication, division, squaring Wideband modulation and demodulation Phase detection and measurement Sinusoidal frequency doubling Video gain control and keying Voltage-controlled amplifiers and filters

Figure 1.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AD835 is a complete four-quadrant, voltage output analog multiplier, fabricated on an advanced dielectrically isolated complementary bipolar process. It generates the linear product of its X and Y voltage inputs with a 3 dB output bandwidth of 250 MHz (a small signal rise time of 1 ns). Full-scale (1 V to +1 V) rise to fall times are 2.5 ns (with a standard RL of 150 ), and the settling time to 0.1% under the same conditions is typically 20 ns. Its differential multiplication inputs (X, Y) and its summing input (Z) are at high impedance. The low impedance output voltage (W) can provide up to 2.5 V and drive loads as low as 25 . Normal operation is from 5 V supplies. Though providing state-of-the-art speed, the AD835 is simple to use and versatile. For example, as well as permitting the addition of a signal at the output, the Z input provides the means to operate the AD835 with voltage gains up to about 10. In this capacity, the very low product noise of this multiplier (50 nV/Hz) makes it much more useful than earlier products. The AD835 is available in an 8-lead PDIP package (N) and an 8-lead SOIC package (R) and is specified to operate over the 40C to +85C industrial temperature range.

PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The AD835 is the first monolithic 250 MHz, four-quadrant voltage output multiplier. Minimal external components are required to apply the AD835 to a variety of signal processing applications. High input impedances (100 k||2 pF) make signal source loading negligible. High output current capability allows low impedance loads to be driven. State-of-the-art noise levels achieved through careful device optimization and the use of a special low noise, band gap voltage reference. Designed to be easy to use and cost effective in applications that require the use of hybrid or board-level solutions.

6.

Rev. D
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A. Tel: 781.329.4700 www.analog.com Fax: 781.461.3113 19942010 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.

AD835 TABLE OF CONTENTS


Features .............................................................................................. 1 Applications....................................................................................... 1 General Description ......................................................................... 1 Functional Block Diagram .............................................................. 1 Product Highlights ........................................................................... 1 Revision History ............................................................................... 2 Specifications..................................................................................... 3 Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................ 5 Thermal Resistance ...................................................................... 5 ESD Caution.................................................................................. 5 Pin Configuration and Function Descriptions............................. 6 Typical Performance Characteristics ..............................................7 Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 10 Basic Theory ............................................................................... 10 Scaling Adjustment .................................................................... 10 Applications Information .............................................................. 11 Multiplier Connections ............................................................. 11 Wideband Voltage-Controlled Amplifier ............................... 11 Amplitude Modulator................................................................ 11 Squaring and Frequency Doubling.......................................... 12 Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 13 Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 14

REVISION HISTORY
12/10Rev. C to Rev. D Changes to Figure 1.......................................................................... 1 Changes to Absolute Maximum Ratings and Table 2.................. 5 Added Figure 19, Renumbered Subsequent Tables.................... 10 Added Figure 23.............................................................................. 11 10/09Rev. B to Rev. C Updated Format..................................................................Universal Changes to Figure 22...................................................................... 11 Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 13 Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 14 6/03Rev. A to Rev. B Updated Format..................................................................Universal Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 10

Rev. D | Page 2 of 16

AD835 SPECIFICATIONS
TA = 25C, VS = 5 V, RL = 150 , CL 5 pF, unless otherwise noted. Table 1.
Parameter TRANSFER FUNCTION INPUT CHARACTERISTICS (X, Y) Differential Voltage Range Differential Clipping Level Low Frequency Nonlinearity vs. Temperature Conditions Min Typ Max Unit

W=
VCM = 0 V 1.2 1 X = 1 V, Y = 1 V Y = 1 V, X = 1 V TMIN to TMAX 2 X = 1 V, Y = 1 V Y = 1 V, X = 1 V 2.5

( X1 X 2)(Y 1 Y 2)
U
1 1.4 0.3 0.1

+Z
V V % FS % FS % FS % FS V mV mV dB A A A k pF dB dB MHz MHz V/s % Degrees % Degrees dB dB ns

0.51 0.31 0.7 0.5 +3 201 25 201 27

Common-Mode Voltage Range Offset Voltage vs. Temperature CMRR Bias Current vs. Temperature Offset Bias Current Differential Resistance Single-Sided Capacitance Feedthrough, X Feedthrough, Y DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS 3 dB Small Signal Bandwidth 0.1 dB Gain Flatness Frequency Slew Rate Differential Gain Error, X Differential Phase Error, X Differential Gain Error, Y Differential Phase Error, Y Harmonic Distortion

3 TMIN to TMAX2 f 100 kHz; 1 V p-p TMIN to TMAX2 2 100 2 X = 1 V, Y = 0 V Y = 1 V, X = 0 V 150 W = 2.5 V to +2.5 V f = 3.58 MHz f = 3.58 MHz f = 3.58 MHz f = 3.58 MHz X or Y = 10 dBm, second and third harmonic Fund = 10 MHz Fund = 50 MHz To 0.1%, W = 2 V p-p From Z to W, f 10 MHz 0.990 250 15 1000 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 70 40 20 0.995 250 60 2 50 50 701 10

461 601

Settling Time, X or Y SUMMING INPUT (Z) Gain 3 dB Small Signal Bandwidth Differential Input Resistance Single-Sided Capacitance Maximum Gain Bias Current

X, Y to W, Z shorted to W, f = 1 kHz

MHz k pF dB A

Rev. D | Page 3 of 16

AD835
Parameter OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS Voltage Swing vs. Temperature Voltage Noise Spectral Density Offset Voltage vs. Temperature 3 Short-Circuit Current Scale Factor Error vs. Temperature Linearity (Relative Error) 4 vs. Temperature POWER SUPPLIES Supply Voltage For Specified Performance Quiescent Supply Current vs. Temperature PSRR at Output vs. VP PSRR at Output vs. VN
1 2

Conditions

Min 2.2 2.0

Typ 2.5 50 25 75 5

Max

Unit V V nV/Hz mV mV mA % FS % FS % FS % FS

TMIN to TMAX2 X = Y = 0 V, f < 10 MHz TMIN to T


2 MAX

751 10 81 9 1.01 1.25

TMIN to T

2 MAX

0.5 TMIN to TMAX2

4.5 TMIN to TMAX2 +4.5 V to +5.5 V 4.5 V to 5.5 V

5 16

5.5 251 26 0.51 0.5

V mA mA %/V %/V

All minimum and maximum specifications are guaranteed. These specifications are tested on all production units at final electrical test. TMIN = 40C, TMAX = 85C. 3 Normalized to zero at 25C. 4 Linearity is defined as residual error after compensating for input offset, output voltage offset, and scale factor errors.

Rev. D | Page 4 of 16

AD835 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Table 2.
Parameter Supply Voltage Internal Power Dissipation Operating Temperature Range Storage Temperature Range Lead Temperature, Soldering 60 sec ESD Rating HBM CDM Rating 6 V 300 mW 40C to +85C 65C to +150C 300C 1500 V 250 V

THERMAL RESISTANCE
Table 3.
Package Type 8-Lead PDIP (N) 8-Lead SOIC (R) JA 90 115 JC 35 45 Unit C/W C/W

ESD CAUTION

Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. For more information, see the Analog Devices, Inc., Tutorial MT-092, Electrostatic Discharge.

Rev. D | Page 5 of 16

AD835 PIN CONFIGURATION AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS


Y1 Y2 VN Z
1 2 3 4 8

X1 X2
00883-002

AD835
TOP VIEW (Not to Scale)

7 6 5

VP W

Figure 2. Pin Configuration

Table 4. Pin Function Descriptions


Pin No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Mnemonic Y1 Y2 VN Z W VP X2 X1 Description Noninverting Y Multiplicand Input Inverting Y Multiplicand Input Negative Supply Voltage Summing Input Product Positive Supply Voltage Inverting X Multiplicand Input Noninverting X Multiplicand Input

Rev. D | Page 6 of 16

AD835 TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS


DG DP (NTSC) 0 0.4
DIFFERENTIAL GAIN (%)

FIELD = 1 LINE = 18 0.06 0.11

COMPOSITE Wfm FCC 0.16 0.19 0.20

0.2
MAGNITUDE (dB)

X, Y CH = 0dBm RL = 150 CL 5pF 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6


00883-003
00883-006

0 0.2 0.4 1ST 0 2ND 0.02 3RD 0.02 4TH 0.03

MIN = 0 MAX = 0.2 p-p/MAX = 0.2

5TH 0.03

6TH 0.06

0.3
DIFFERENTIAL PHASE (Degrees)

0.2 0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 1ST 2ND 3RD 4TH MIN = 0 MAX = 0.06 p-p = 0.06 5TH 6TH

300k

1M

10M FREQUENCY (Hz)

100M

1G

Figure 3. Typical Composite Output Differential Gain and Phase, NTSC for X Channel; f = 3.58 MHz, RL = 150
DG DP (NTSC) 0.3
DIFFERENTIAL GAIN (%)

Figure 6. Gain Flatness to 0.1 dB

FIELD = 1 LINE = 18 0.01 0

Wfm FCC 0

COMPOSITE 0.20
X, Y CH = 5dBm RL = 150 CL < 5pF 10

0.01

0.2 0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 1ST 0 2ND 0.03 3RD 0.04 4TH 0.07

MIN = 0.02 MAX = 0.01 p-p/MAX = 0.03

MAGNITUDE (dB)

20 30 40 50 60 X FEEDTHROUGH X FEEDTHROUGH Y FEEDTHROUGH

5TH 0.10

6TH 0.16

DIFFERENTIAL PHASE (DEGREES)

0.20 0.10 0

0.10 0.20 1ST 2ND 3RD 4TH

00883-004

MIN = 0 MAX = 0.16 p-p = 0.16

1M

10M

100M

1G

5TH

6TH

FREQUENCY (Hz)

Figure 4. Typical Composite Output Differential Gain and Phase, NTSC for Y Channel; f = 3.58 MHz, RL = 150

Figure 7. X and Y Feedthrough vs. Frequency

X, Y, Z CH = 0dBm RL = 150 CL 5pF 2 180 GAIN 90 0 PHASE 4 6 8


00883-005

0 2

PHASE (Degrees)

MAGNITUDE (dB)

+0.2V

GND

90 180

0.2V

10 1M 10M 100M FREQUENCY (Hz)

100mV

10ns

1G

Figure 5. Gain and Phase vs. Frequency of X, Y, Z Inputs

Figure 8. Small Signal Pulse Response at W Output, RL = 150 , CL 5 pF, X Channel = 0.2 V, Y Channel = 1.0 V

Rev. D | Page 7 of 16

00883-008

00883-007

Y FEEDTHROUGH

AD835
10MHz

+1V

GND

10dB/DIV

1V 20MHz
00883-009

30MHz

500mV

10ns

Figure 9. Large Signal Pulse Response at W Output, RL = 150 , CL 5 pF, X Channel = 1.0 V, Y Channel = 1.0 V

Figure 12. Harmonic Distortion at 10 MHz; 10 dBm Input to X or Y Channels, RL = 150 , CL = 5 pF

50MHz

0
CMRR (dB)

20 40 60 80

10dB/DIV 100MHz 150MHz

00883-010

1M

10M 100M FREQUENCY (Hz)

1G

Figure 10. CMRR vs. Frequency for X or Y Channel, RL = 150 , CL 5 pF

Figure 13. Harmonic Distortion at 50 MHz, 10 dBm Input to X or Y Channel, RL = 150 , CL 5 pF

0dBm ON SUPPLY X, Y = 1V 10 20
PSSR (dB)

PSSR ON V+

100MHz

30

200MHz
40 50 60 PSSR ON V

10dB/DIV

300MHz

00883-011

300k

1M

10M 100M FREQUENCY (Hz)

1G

Figure 11. PSRR vs. Frequency for V+ and V Supply

Figure 14. Harmonic Distortion at 100 MHz, 10 dBm Input to X or Y Channel, RL = 150 , CL 5 pF

Rev. D | Page 8 of 16

00883-014

00883-013

00883-012

AD835
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 X CH = 6dBm Y CH = 10dBm RL = 100

+2.5V

10dB/DIV

2.5V

00883-015

THIRD ORDER INTERCEPT (dBm)

1V

10ns

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

200

RF FREQUENCY INPUT TO X CHANNEL (MHz)

Figure 15. Maximum Output Voltage Swing, RL = 50 , CL 5 pF


15 OUTPUT OFFSET DRIFT WILL TYPICALLY BE WITHIN SHADED AREA

Figure 17. Fixed LO on Y Channel vs. RF Frequency Input to X Channel


35 30 25 20 15 10 5 X CH = 6dBm Y CH = 10dBm RL = 100

10 OUTPUT VOS DRIFT, NORMALIZED TO 0 AT 25C


00883-016

THIRD ORDER INTERCEPT (dBm)

10
VOS OUTPUT DRIFT (mV)

15 55

35

15

25

45

65

85

105

125

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

200

TEMPERATURE (C)

LO FREQUENCY ON Y CHANNEL (MHz)

Figure 16. VOS Output Drift vs. Temperature

Figure 18. Fixed IF vs. LO Frequency on Y Channel

Rev. D | Page 9 of 16

00883-018

00883-017

AD835 THEORY OF OPERATION


The AD835 is a four-quadrant, voltage output analog multiplier, fabricated on an advanced dielectrically isolated complementary bipolar process. In its basic mode, it provides the linear product of its X and Y voltage inputs. In this mode, the 3 dB output voltage bandwidth is 250 MHz (with small signal rise time of 1 ns). Full-scale (1 V to +1 V) rise to fall times are 2.5 ns (with a standard RL of 150 ), and the settling time to 0.1% under the same conditions is typically 20 ns. As in earlier multipliers from Analog Devices a unique summing feature is provided at the Z input. As well as providing independent ground references for the input and the output and enhanced versatility, this feature allows the AD835 to operate with voltage gain. Its X-, Y-, and Z-input voltages are all nominally 1 V FS, with an overrange of at least 20%. The inputs are fully differential at high impedance (100 k||2 pF) and provide a 70 dB CMRR (f 1 MHz). The low impedance output is capable of driving loads as small as 25 . The peak output can be as large as 2.2 V minimum for RL = 150 , or 2.0 V minimum into RL = 50 . The AD835 has much lower noise than the AD534 or AD734, making it attractive in low level, signal processing applications, for example, as a wideband gain control element or modulator. avoid the needless use of less intuitive subscripted variables (such as, VX1). All variables as being normalized to 1 V. For example, the input X can either be stated as being in the 1 V to +1 V range or simply 1 to +1. The latter representation is found to facilitate the development of new functions using the AD835. The explicit inclusion of the denominator, U, is also less helpful, as in the case of the AD835, if it is not an electrical input variable.

SCALING ADJUSTMENT
The basic value of U in Equation 1 is nominally 1.05 V. Figure 20, which shows the basic multiplier connections, also shows how the effective value of U can be adjusted to have any lower voltage (usually 1 V) through the use of a resistive divider between W (Pin 5) and Z (Pin 4). Using the general resistor values shown, Equation 1can be rewritten as

W=

XY + kW + (1 k )Z ' U
XY + Z' (1 k )U

(3)

where Z' is distinguished from the signal Z at Pin 4. It follows that

W=

(4)

In this way, the effective value of U can be modified to U = (1 k)U (5) without altering the scaling of the Z' input, which is expected because the only ground reference for the output is through the Z' input. Therefore, to set U' to 1 V, remembering that the basic value of U is 1.05 V, R1 must have a nominal value of 20 R2. The values shown allow U to be adjusted through the nominal range of 0.95 V to 1.05 V. That is, R2 provides a 5% gain adjustment. In many applications, the exact gain of the multiplier may not be very important; in which case, this network may be omitted entirely, or R2 fixed at 100 .
+5V

BASIC THEORY
The multiplier is based on a classic form, having a translinear core, supported by three (X, Y, and Z) linearized voltage-to-current converters, and the load driving output amplifier. The scaling voltage (the denominator U in the equations) is provided by a band gap reference of novel design, optimized for ultralow noise. Figure 19 shows the functional block diagram. In general terms, the AD835 provides the function

W=

( X1 X 2)(Y 1 Y 2)
U

+Z

(1)

where the variables W, U, X, Y, and Z are all voltages. Connected as a simple multiplier, with X = X1 X2, Y = Y1 Y2, and Z = 0 and with a scale factor adjustment (see Figure 19) that sets U = 1 V, the output can be expressed as W = XY
X1 X2 XY + Y1
00883-025

FB 4.7F TANTALUM +

(2)
X = X1 X2

AD835

X
8 7 6

0.01F CERAMIC W
5

X1

X2

VP

W R1 = (1k) R 2k Z
4

XY + Z +

AD835
X1 W OUTPUT
Y Y1
1

Y2
2

VN
3

Y2

Y = Y1 Y2 Z INPUT

4.7F TANTALUM 0.01F CERAMIC FB Z1

R2 = kR 200

Figure 19. Functional Block Diagram

Simplified representations of this sort, where all signals are presumed expressed in V, are used throughout this data sheet to

5V

Figure 20. Multiplier Connections

Rev. D | Page 10 of 16

00883-020

AD835 APPLICATIONS INFORMATION


The AD835 is easy to use and versatile. The capability for adding another signal to the output at the Z input is frequently valuable. Three applications of this feature are presented here: a wideband voltage-controlled amplifier, an amplitude modulator, and a frequency doubler. Of course, the AD835 may also be used as a square law detector (with its X inputs and Y inputs connected in parallel). In this mode, it is useful at input frequencies to well over 250 MHz because that is the bandwidth limitation of the output amplifier only. The ac response of this amplifier for gains of 0 dB (VG = 0.25 V), 6 dB (VG = 0.5 V), and 12 dB (VG = 1 V) is shown in Figure 22. In this application, the resistor values have been slightly adjusted to reflect the nominal value of U = 1.05 V. The overall sign of the gain may be controlled by the sign of VG.
21 18 15 12 12dB (VG = 1V)

GAIN (dB)

MULTIPLIER CONNECTIONS
Figure 20 shows the basic connections for multiplication. The inputs are often single sided, in which case the X2 and Y2 inputs are normally grounded. Note that by assigning Pin 7 (X2) and Pin 2 (Y2), respectively, to these (inverting) inputs, an extra measure of isolation between inputs and output is provided. The X and Y inputs may be reversed to achieve some desired overall sign with inputs of a particular polarity, or they may be driven fully differentially. Power supply decoupling and careful board layout are always important in applying wideband circuits. The decoupling recommendations shown in Figure 20 should be followed closely. In Figure 21, Figure 23, and Figure 24, these power supply decoupling components are omitted for clarity but should be used wherever optimal performance with high speed inputs is required. However, if the full, high frequency capabilities of the AD835 are not being exploited, these components can be omitted.

9 6 3 0 3 6 9 10k

6dB (VG = 0.5V)

0dB (VG = 0.25V)

100k

1M FREQUENCY (Hz)

10M

100M

Figure 22. AC Response of VCA

AMPLITUDE MODULATOR
Figure 23 shows a simple modulator. The carrier is applied to the Y input and the Z input, while the modulating signal is applied to the X input. For zero modulation, there is no product term so the carrier input is simply replicated at unity gain by the voltage follower action from the Z input. At X = 1 V, the RF output is doubled, while for X = 1 V, it is fully suppressed. That is, an X input of approximately 1 V (actually U or about 1.05 V) corresponds to a modulation index of 100%. Carrier and modulation frequencies can be up to 300 MHz, somewhat beyond the nominal 3 dB bandwidth. Of course, a suppressed carrier modulator can be implemented by omitting the feedforward to the Z input, grounding that pin instead.
+5V MODULATION SOURCE MODULATED CARRIER OUTPUT

WIDEBAND VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED AMPLIFIER


Figure 21 shows the AD835 configured to provide a gain of nominally 0 dB to 12 dB. (In fact, the control range extends from well under 12 dB to about +14 dB.) R1 and R2 set the gain to be nominally 4. The attendant bandwidth reduction that comes with this increased gain can be partially offset by the addition of the peaking capacitor C1. Although this circuit shows the use of dual supplies, the AD835 can operate from a single 9 V supply with a slight revision.
+5V VG (GAIN CONTROL)
8 7 6 5

X1
VOLTAGE OUTPUT

X2

VP

AD835
Y1
1

Y2
2

VN
3

Z
4

X1

X2

VP

AD835
Y1
1

R1 97.6 C1 33pF

5V
00883-026

Y2
2

VN
3

Z
4

R2 301 5V

00883-021

VIN (SIGNAL)

CARRIER SOURCE

Figure 23. Simple Amplitude Modulator Using the AD835

Figure 21. Voltage-Controlled 50 MHz Amplifier Using the AD835

Rev. D | Page 11 of 16

00883-022

AD835
SQUARING AND FREQUENCY DOUBLING
Amplitude domain squaring of an input signal, E, is achieved simply by connecting the X and Y inputs in parallel to produce an output of E2/U. The input can have either polarity, but the output in this case is always positive. The output polarity can be reversed by interchanging either the X or Y inputs. When the input is a sine wave E sin t, a signal squarer behaves as a frequency doubler because
VG C1 VOLTAGE OUTPUT
8 7 6 5

+5V

X1

X2

VP

W R2 97.6 Z
4

AD835
Y1
1

Y2
2

VN
3

R1

5V

( E sin t )2
U

E2 (1 cos 2t ) 2U

(6)

Figure 24. Broadband Zero-Bounce Frequency Doubler

While useful, Equation 6 shows a dc term at the output, which varies strongly with the amplitude of the input, E. Figure 24 shows a frequency doubler that overcomes this limitation and provides a relatively constant output over a moderately wide frequency range, determined by the time constant R1C1. The voltage applied to the X and Y inputs is exactly in quadrature at a frequency f = C1R1, and their amplitudes are equal. At higher frequencies, the X input becomes smaller while the Y input increases in amplitude; the opposite happens at lower frequencies. The result is a double frequency output centered on ground whose amplitude of 1 V for a 1 V input varies by only 0.5% over a frequency range of 10%. Because there is no squared dc component at the output, sudden changes in the input amplitude do not cause a bounce in the dc level.

This circuit is based on the identity

1 cos sin = sin 2 2

00883-024

R3 301

(7)

At O = 1/C1R1, the X input leads the input signal by 45 (and is attenuated by 2, while the Y input lags the input signal by 45 and is also attenuated by 2. Because the X and Y inputs are 90 out of phase, the response of the circuit is

W=

1 E E E2 (sin t 45) (sin t + 45) = (sin 2t ) U 2 2 2U

(8)

which has no dc component, R2 and R3 are included to restore the output to 1 V for an input amplitude of 1 V (the same gain adjustment as previously mentioned). Because the voltage across the capacitor (C1) decreases with frequency, while that across the resistor (R1) increases, the amplitude of the output varies only slightly with frequency. In fact, it is only 0.5% below its full value (at its center frequency O = 1/C1R1) at 90% and 110% of this frequency.

Rev. D | Page 12 of 16

AD835 OUTLINE DIMENSIONS


0.400 (10.16) 0.365 (9.27) 0.355 (9.02)
8 1 5

0.280 (7.11) 0.250 (6.35) 0.240 (6.10)

0.100 (2.54) BSC 0.210 (5.33) MAX 0.150 (3.81) 0.130 (3.30) 0.115 (2.92) 0.022 (0.56) 0.018 (0.46) 0.014 (0.36) 0.070 (1.78) 0.060 (1.52) 0.045 (1.14) 0.015 (0.38) MIN SEATING PLANE 0.005 (0.13) MIN

0.325 (8.26) 0.310 (7.87) 0.300 (7.62) 0.060 (1.52) MAX 0.195 (4.95) 0.130 (3.30) 0.115 (2.92)

0.015 (0.38) GAUGE PLANE

0.014 (0.36) 0.010 (0.25) 0.008 (0.20) 0.430 (10.92) MAX

COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-001 CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES; MILLIMETER DIMENSIONS (IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF INCH EQUIVALENTS FOR REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN. CORNER LEADS MAY BE CONFIGURED AS WHOLE OR HALF LEADS.

Figure 25. 8-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line Package [PDIP] Narrow Body (N-8) Dimensions shown in inches and (millimeters)

5.00 (0.1968) 4.80 (0.1890)

5 4

4.00 (0.1574) 3.80 (0.1497)

6.20 (0.2441) 5.80 (0.2284)

1.27 (0.0500) BSC 0.25 (0.0098) 0.10 (0.0040) COPLANARITY 0.10 SEATING PLANE

1.75 (0.0688) 1.35 (0.0532)

0.50 (0.0196) 0.25 (0.0099) 8 0 0.25 (0.0098) 0.17 (0.0067) 1.27 (0.0500) 0.40 (0.0157)

45

0.51 (0.0201) 0.31 (0.0122)

COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-012-AA CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS; INCH DIMENSIONS (IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF MILLIMETER EQUIVALENTS FOR REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.

Figure 26. 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N] Narrow Body (R-8) Dimensions shown in millimeters and (inches)

Rev. D | Page 13 of 16

012407-A

070606-A

AD835
ORDERING GUIDE
Model 1 AD835AN AD835ANZ AD835AR AD835AR-REEL AD835AR-REEL7 AD835ARZ AD835ARZ-REEL AD835ARZ-REEL7
1

Temperature Range 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C 40C to +85C

Package Description 8-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line Package [PDIP] 8-Lead Plastic Dual In-Line Package [PDIP] 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N] 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N] 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N] 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N] 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N] 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N]

Package Option N-8 N-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8 R-8

Z = RoHS Compliant Part.

Rev. D | Page 14 of 16

AD835 NOTES

Rev. D | Page 15 of 16

AD835 NOTES

19942010 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. D00883-0-12/10(D)

Rev. D | Page 16 of 16

42 mm
Step Angle 1.8 Standard Type

HighEfficiency HighTorque

28 mm

Specifications
Model Single Shaft Double Shaft PK243DA PK243DB PK243-01A PK243-01B PK243-02A PK243-02B PK243-03A PK243-03B PK244DA PK244DB PK244-01A PK244-01B PK244-02A PK244-02B PK244-03A PK244-03B PK245DA PK245DB PK245-01A PK245-01B PK245-02A PK245-02B PK245-03A PK245-03B Connection Type Bipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Bipolar (Series) Unipolar Holding Torque Nm 0.2 0.2 0.16 0.2 0.16 0.2 0.16 0.33 0.33 0.26 0.33 0.26 0.33 0.26 0.43 0.43 0.32 0.43 0.32 0.43 0.32 Current per Phase A/phase 1.5 0.67 0.95 0.28 0.4 0.22 0.31 1.5 0.85 1.2 0.57 0.8 0.28 0.4 1.5 0.85 1.2 0.57 0.8 0.28 0.4 Voltage V 2.4 5.6 4 13 9.6 17 12 3.45 5.6 4 8.6 6 17 12 3.15 5.6 4 8.6 6 17 12 Resistance per Phase /phase 1.6 8.4 4.2 48 24 77 38.5 2.3 6.6 3.3 15 7.5 60 30 2.1 6.6 3.3 15 7.5 60 30 Inductance mH/phase 1.75 10 2.5 60 15 84 21 3.9 12.8 3.2 26.8 6.7 120 30 3.1 11.2 2.8 28.4 7.1 100 25 6810-7 6810-7 6810-7 6 5410-7 5410-7 5410-7 6810-7 6 3510-7 3510-7 3510-7 5410-7 6 Rotor Inertia J: kgm2 3510-7 Lead Wires 4 Wirings and Connections (See Page 76) 1 3 2 3 2 3 2 1 3 2 3 2 3 2 1 3 2 3 2 3 2 Corresponding Motor & Driver Package Model CMK243AP CMK243BP CMK244AP CMK244BP CMK245AP CMK245BP Page P.82

35 mm 42 mm

Standard IP54 Cable Type

6 6 4

50 mm

IP65 Terminal Box

P.82

56.4 mm

HighResolution

6 6 4

P.82

60 mm 85 mm

PL Geared

6 6

TH Geared

How to read specifications table Page 78 b Degree of Protection: IP30

90 mm

SH Geared

Dimensions
Model PK243DA PK243-0A PK243DB PK243-0B PK244DA PK244-0A PK244DB PK244-0B PK245DA PK245-0A PK245DB PK245-0B L1

(Unit = mm)
L2 50.012(h7) Mass kg 201 L2 L1 150.25 220.033(h7)

50.012(h7) 4.50.15

4.50.15

151

42 310.2 310.2 42

2-Phase

Motor & Driver Package

33 48 39 54 47 62

0.21

2
5-Phase

0.27 4 or 6 Motor Leads 300 mm Length UL Style 3265, AWG24

4M34.5 Deep

The length of machining on double shaft model is 150.25. 0.35


Lead Wire/ Connector

) areas. b These dimensions are for double shaft models. For single shaft models, ignore the orange (

b Enter the winding specifications in the box () within the model name.

Coupling Damper Mounting Bracket

Accessories

19

Vacuum Capacitors

Uni-Con Series
Variable Vacuum Capacitor

High Power Small Size Long Life

Optimized bellows design for high power operation Identical mounting for all types allows easy switching of capacitors for slightly different applications Series with highest current capability relative to size Drive system optimized for high speed tuning and over 3 millions cycles.

Features: Current (rms max) Voltage (peak test) Body size (dia x length) Overall length Low torque High tuning speed 95 A 15 kV 54 x 91 mm < 134 mm 0.20 Nm

100 pF / 15 kV 250 pF / 15 kV 500 pF / 8 kV

1000 pF / 5 kV 1500 pF / 4 kV

Uni-Con Series
Type Electrical Parameters
Cmin pF
CV03C-1500 UC/4 CV03C-1500UCG/4 CV05C-500UC/8 CV05C-500UCD/8 CV05C-1000UC/5 CV1C-100UC/15 CV1C-250UC/15 CV1C-250UCP/15 CV1C-500UC/12

Dimensions
L1 mm
(inch)

Drive System
L2 Fig. Tuning Method Head/Rod Max C-range Slope* Shape Dim. Torque or Cmin-Cmax pF/turn mm (inch) Pull Force Turns/Stroke pF/mm
6.35 (0.25) 6.35 (0.25) 6.35 (0.25) 6.35 (0.25) 6.35 (0.25) 6.35 (0.25) 6.35 (0.25) M6 6.35 (0.25) 0.20 Nm 0.20 Nm 0.20 Nm 0.20 Nm 0.20 Nm 0.20 Nm 0.20 Nm 170 N 0.20 Nm 10.9 turns 13.9 turns 11.0 turns 11.0 turns 11.1 turns 7.9 turns 10.8 turns 20.1 mm 10.7 turns

Mounting
Fixed Side Variable Side
MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia MF 4 x M4 on 50.8 mm dia

Cmax Vmax Imax at D 13.56 Mhz pF kVpt Arms mm (inch)


4 4 8 8 5 15 15 15 12

mm

(inch)

150 1500 150 1500 50 50 10 25 25 50 500 500 100 250 250 500

85 54.00 (2.13) 133.50 (5.26) 90.60 (3.57) 85 54.00 (2.13) 134.60 (5.30) 90.60 (3.57) 90 54.00 (2.13) 133.50 (5.26) 90.60 (3.57) 90 54.00 (2.13) 134.10 (5.28) 90.60 (3.57) 87 54.00 (2.13) 133.50 (5.26) 90.60 (3.57) 54 54.00 (2.13) 133.50 (5.26) 90.60 (3.57) 94 54.00 (2.13) 133.50 (5.26) 90.60 (3.57) 94 54.00 (2.13) 133.50 (5.26) 90.60 (3.57) 95 63.00 (2.48) 133.50 (5.26) 90.60 (3.57)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

Screw Drive R Screw Drive RFFS Screw Drive R Screw Drive RFFS Screw Drive R Screw Drive R Screw Drive R Linear Drive T Screw Drive R

123.85 CT M6 x 8 mm 97.12 CT M6 x 8 mm 40.91 CT M6 x 8 mm 40.91 CT M6 x 8 mm 81.08 CT M6 x 8 mm 9.75 CT M5 x 8 mm 20.83 CT M6 x 8 mm 11.94 CT M6 x 8 mm 42.06 CT M6 x 8 mm

100 1000

R = Round F = Flat S = Slot T = Thread

*linear range

CT = Central Thread

MF = Mounting Flange

Figure 1

Figure 2

Further Series Members:


CV03C-1500UCP/4 CV05C-500UCG/8 CV05C-500UCP/8 CV05C-1000UCD/8

variable side
variable side

L1

L2

L1

L2

fixed side

fixed side

The information above is not to be used for design purposes. For detailed information refer to the individual data sheet, available on our website www.comet.ch or from your local representative.
Edition 2003 2k

XR-2209
...the analog plus company TM

Voltage-Controlled Oscillator
June 19973

FEATURES D Excellent Temperature Stability (20ppm/C) D Linear Frequency Sweep D Wide Sweep Range (1000:1 Minimum) D Wide Supply Voltage Range (+4V to +13V) D Low Supply Sensitivity (0.1% /V) D Wide Frequency Range (0.01Hz to 1MHz) D Simultaneous Triangle and Squarewave Outputs GENERAL DESCRIPTION The XR-2209 is a monolithic voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) integrated circuit featuring excellent frequency stability and a wide tuning range. The circuit provides simultaneous triangle and squarewave outputs over a frequency range of 0.01Hz to 1MHz. It is ideally suited for FM, FSK, and sweep or tone generation, as well as for

APPLICATIONS D Voltage and Current-to-Frequency Conversion D Stable Phase-Locked Loop D Waveform Generation Triangle, Sawtooth, Pulse, Squarewave D FM and Sweep Generation

phase-locked loop applications. The oscillator of the XR-2209 has a typical drift specification of 20ppm/C. The oscillator frequency can be linearly swept over a 1000:1 range with an external control voltage.

ORDERING INFORMATION Part No.


XR-2209CN XR-2209M XR-2209CP

Package
8 Lead 300 Mil CDIP 8 Lead 300 Mil CDIP 8 Lead 300 Mil PDIP

Operating Temperature Range


0 to +70C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C

BLOCK DIAGRAM
VCC 1 2 VCO C2 3 A2 6 Timing Resistor R 4 VEE BIAS 5 A1 8 7 TWO SWO Triangle Wave Out Square Wave Out

Timing Capacitor

C1

Figure 1. XR-2209 Block Diagram

Rev. 2.02
E1975

EXAR Corporation, 48720 Kato Road, Fremont, CA 94538 z 1

(510) 688-7000 z FAX (510) 688-7017

XR-2209
PIN CONFIGURATION

VCC C1 C2 TR

1 2 3 4

8 7 6 5

TWO SWO VEE BIAS

8 Lead PDIP, CDIP (0.300)

PIN DESCRIPTION
Pin # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Symbol VCC C1 C2 TR BIAS VEE SWO TWO O O I I I I Type Description Positive Power Supply. Timing Capacitor Input. Timing Capacitor Input. Timing Resistor. Bias Input for Single Supply Operation. Negative Power Supply. Square Wave Output Signal. Triangle Wave Output Signal.

Rev. 2.02 2

XR-2209
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Test Conditions: Test Circuit of Figure 3 and Figure 4, VCC = 12V, TA = +25C, C = 5000pF, R = 20kW, RL = 4.7kW, S1 and S2 Closed Unless Otherwise Specified
XR-2209M Parameters General Characteristics Supply Voltage Single Supply Split Supplies Supply Current Single Supply Split Supplies Positive Negative 8 "4 5 26 "13 7 8 "4 5 26 "13 8 V V mA See Figure 3 Figure 4 Min. Typ. Max. Min. XR-2209C Typ. Max. Units Conditions

Figure 3 Measured at Pin 1, S1, S2 Open Figure 4 Measured at Pin 1, S1, S2 Open Measured at Pin 4, S1, S2 Open
C = 500pF, R = 2KW C = 50mF, R = 2MW

5 4

7 6

5 4

8 7

mA mA

Oscillator Section - Frequency Characteristics Upper Frequency Limit Lowest Practical Frequency Frequency Accuracy Frequency Stability Temperature Power Supply Sweep Range Sweep Linearity 10:1 Sweep 1000:1 Sweep FM Distortion Recommended Range of Timing Resistor Impedance at Timing Pins Output Characteristics Triangle Output Amplitude Impedance DC Level Linearity Squarewave Output Amplitude Saturation Voltage Rise Time Fall Time Measured at Pin 8 4 6 10 +100 0.1 12 0.2 200 20 4 6 10 +100 0.1 12 0.2 200 20 Vpp W mV % Vpp V nsec nsec Referenced to Pin 6 From 10% to 90% of Swing Measured at Pin 7, S2 Closed 11 11 0.4 0.4 Referenced to Pin 6 CL  10pF, RL = 4.7K CL  10pF 1.5 75 1000: 1 0.5 1.0 0.01 "1 20 0.15 3000:1 "3 50 0.5 1.0 0.01 "1 30 0.15 1000: 1 2 1.5 5 0.1 2000 1.5 75 2000 "5 MHz Hz % of fo ppm/ C %/V fH/fL 0C < TA < 70C

R = 1.5 KW for fH R = 2MW for fL fH = 10kHz, fL= 1kHz fH = 100kHz, fL= 100Hz +10% FM Deviation See Characteristic Curves Measured at Pin 4

1 5 0.1

% % % kW W

Notes Bold face parameters are covered by production test and guaranteed over operating temperature range.

Specifications are subject to change without notice

Rev. 2.02 3

XR-2209
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26V Power Dissipation (package limitation) Ceramic package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 750mW Derate above +25C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10mW/C Plastic package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600mW Derate above +25C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8mW/C SOIC package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300mW Derate above +25C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4mW/C Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . . -65C to +150C

VCC Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 1

Q14 Q13

Q15 2R R R

Q5 R Q19 R1 Q6 Q7 Q8 R

Triangle Wave Output

Timing Capacitor
2 3

Q12 R3 Q9 Q10 Q11

2R

R2 4

Timing Resistor
4R

R4

R6 R7 Q21

VEE 6

Square Wave Output


R5 7 Q20

Q27

Q22 5 BIAS Q23

Q24

Q25

Q26

Figure 2. Equivalent Schematic Diagram

Rev. 2.02 4

XR-2209
PRECAUTIONS SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

The following precautions should be observed when operating the XR-2209 family of integrated circuits: 1. Pulling excessive current from the timing terminals will adversely affect the temperature stability of the circuit. To minimize this disturbance, it is recommended that the total current drawn from pin 4 be limited to  6mA. In addition, permanent damage to the device may occur if the total timing current exceeds 10mA. Terminals 2, 3, and 4 have very low internal impedance and should, therefore, be protected from accidental shorting to ground or the supply voltage.

The XR-2209 functional blocks are shown in the block diagram given in Figure 1. They are a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO), and two buffer amplifiers for triangle and squarewave outputs. Figure 2 is a simplified XR-2209 schematic diagram that shows the circuit in greater detail. The VCO is a modified emitter-coupled current controlled multivibrator. Its oscillation is inversely proportional to the value of the timing capacitor connected to pins 2 and 3, and directly proportional to the total timing current IT. This current is determined by the resistor that is connected from the timing terminals (pin 4) to ground. The triangle output buffer has a low impedance output (10W typ.) while the squarewave is an open-collector type. An external bias input allows the XR-2209 to be used in either single or split supply applications.

2.

VCC VCC S2

I+ 1mF 1 2 VCC C1

RL

3 C2 SWO TWO 7 8 5 5.1K Square Wave Output Triangle Wave Output VCC

XR-2209
BIAS TR 4 IR S1 VEE 6

5.1K 1mF

Figure 3. Test Circuit for Single Supply Operation

Rev. 2.02 5

XR-2209
VCC VCC S2

I+ 1mF 1 2 VCC C 1

C RL 3 C2 SWO TWO 7 8 5 Square Wave Output Triangle Wave Output

XR-2209

BIAS VEE 6

TR 4

D1 10K 1mF VEE

R S1 VEE

I1mF

Figure 4. Test Circuit for Split Supply Operation

OPERATING CONSIDERATIONS Supply Voltage (Pins 1 and 6) The XR-2209 is designed to operate over a power supply range of $4V to $13V for split supplies, or 8V to 26V for single supplies. Figure 5 shows the permissible supply voltage for operation with unequal split supply voltages. Figure 6 and Figure 7 show supply current versus supply voltage. Performance is optimum for $6V split supply, or 12V single supply operation. At higher supply voltages, the frequency sweep range is reduced. Ground (Pin 6) For split supply operation, this pin serves as circuit ground. For single supply operation, pin 6 should be ac grounded through a 1mF bypass capacitor. During split supply operation, a ground current of 2 IT flows out of this terminal, where IT is the total timing current.
Rev. 2.02 6

Bias for Single Supply (Pin 5) For single supply operation, pin 5 should be externally biased to a potential between VCC/3 and VCC/2V (see Figure 3.) The bias current at pin 5 is nominally 5% of the total oscillation timing current, IT. Bypass Capacitors The recommended value for bypass capacitors is 1mF although larger values are required for very low frequency operation. Timing Resistor (Pin 4) The timing resistor determines the total timing current, IT, available to charge the timing capacitor. Values for the timing resistor can range from 2kW to 2MW; however, for optimum temperature and power supply stability, recommended values are 4kW to 200kW (see Figure 8, Figure 9, Figure 10 and Figure 11.) To avoid parasitic pick up, timing resistor leads should be kept as short as possible.

XR-2209
Timing Capacitor (Pins 2 and 3) The oscillator frequency is inversely proportional to the timing capacitor, C. The minimum capacitance value is limited by stray capacitances and the maximum value by
25 20 Positive Supply 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 Negative Supply (V)

physical size and leakage current considerations. Recommended values range from 100pF to 100mF. The capacitor should be non-polarized.

Typical Operating Range

Figure 5. Operating Range for Unequal Split Supply Voltages


35 Positive Supply Current (mA) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

+4 8


RT=Parallel Combination of Activated Timing Resistors TA=25C RT=2k RT=3k RT=5k RT=20k RT=200k RT=2M +6 +8 +10 +12 10 12 14 Single Supply Voltage (V)

+14

16 18 20 22 24 26 28

Figure 6. Positive Supply Current, I+ (Measured at Pin 1) vs. Supply Voltage

Rev. 2.02 7

XR-2209

15 Negative Supply Current (mA)

10


TA= 25C 0 6 8 10 12 Split Supply Voltage (V)

TA= 25C 1M Total Timing Resistor RT

100k Timing Resistor Range

10k

1k 0 +4V +8V +12V +16V Split Supply Voltage (V)

14 0 8

16 24 Single Supply Voltage (V)

32

Figure 7. Negative Supply Current, I- (Measured at Pin 6) vs. Supply Voltage

Figure 8. Recommended Timing Resistor Value vs. Power Supply Voltage

7 6 5 4 Frequency Error (%) 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7


VS = 6V C = 5000pF 1K 10K 100K 1M Timing Resistance ()

10M

Figure 9. Frequency Accuracy vs. Timing Resistance

Rev. 2.02 8

XR-2209
1.04 Normalized Frequency Drift RT = 2M 1.02 1.00 RT = 20k RT = 200k

.98

.96

.94 .92

T A = 25C RT = Total Timing Resistance C = 5000pF 2 4

RT = 2k

6 8 10 12 Split Supply Voltage (V) 12 16 20 24

14

28

Single Supply Voltage (V)

Figure 10. Frequency Drift vs. Supply Voltage


+2 Normalized Frequency Drift (%)

VS = 6V C = 5000pF 200k 2M

+1 4k 0 20k -1 200k 2k

20k 4k

-2 2M -50 -25 0

R = 2k

-3

+25 +50 +75 +100 +125

Temperature (C)

Figure 11. Normalized Frequency Drift with Temperature

Squarewave Output (Pin 7) The squarewave output at pin 7 is an open-collector stage capable of sinking up to 20mA of load current. RL serves as a pull-up load resistor for this output. Recommended values for RL range from 1kW to 100kW.
Rev. 2.02 9

Triangle Output (Pin 8) The output at pin 8 is a triangle wave with a peak swing of approximately one-half of the total supply voltage. Pin 8 has a 10W output impedance and is internally protected against short circuits.

XR-2209
MODES OF OPERATION Split Supply Operation

Figure 12 is the recommended configuration for split supply operation. Diode D1 in the figure assures that the triangle output swing at pin 8 is symmetrical about ground. The circuit operates with supply voltages ranging from $4V to $13V. Minimum drift occurs with $6V supplies. For operation with unequal supply voltages, see Figure 5.
With the generalized circuit of Figure 12, the frequency of

operation is determined by the timing capacitor, C, and the timing resistor. The squarewave output is obtained at pin 7 and has a peak-to-peak voltage swing equal to the supply voltages. This output is an open-collector type and requires an external pull-up load resistor (nominally 5kW) to the positive supply. The triangle waveform obtained at pin 8 is centered about ground and has a peak amplitude of VCC/2.

VCC

VCC

C 1mF 1 VCC C1 2 C2 3 SWO TWO BIAS TR 4 VEE 6 10K 7 8 5 RL Square Wave Output Triangle Wave Output

XR-2209

D1 1mF VEE

R 1mF VEE

Figure 12. Split-Supply Operation, Recommended Configuration

Rev. 2.02 10

XR-2209
Figure 13 is a simplified configuration for operation with split supplies in excess of +7V. This circuit eliminates the diode D1 used in Figure 12 by grounding pin 5 directly;
however, the triangle wave output now has a +0.6V DC offset with respect to ground.

VCC

VCC

C 1mF 1 2 VCC C1 3 C 2 SWO 7 8 TWO XR-2209 5 BIAS VEE 6 VEE R 1mF VEE RL Square Wave Output Triangle Wave Output

TR 4

Figure 13. Split-Supply Operation, Simplified Configuration

Rev. 2.02 11

XR-2209
VCC VCC

C 1mF 1 2 VCC C1 3 C 2 SWO 7 8 TWO XR-2209 5 BIAS VEE 6 5.1K 1mF RL Square Wave Output Triangle Wave Output 5.1K TR 4 VCC

Figure 14. Single Supply Operation

Single Supply Operation The circuit should be interconnected as shown in Figure 14 for single supply operation. Pin 6 should be grounded, and pin 5 biased from VCC through a resistive divider to a value of bias voltage between VCC/3 and VCC/2. The frequency of operation is determined by the timing capacitor C and the timing resistor R, and is equal to 1/RC. The squarewave output is obtained at pin 7 and has a peak-to-peak voltage swing equal to the supply voltage. This output is an open-collector type and requires an external pull-up load resistor (nominally 5kW) to V+. The triangle waveform obtained at pin 8 is centered about a voltage level VO where:

Frequency Control (Sweep and FM) - Split Supply The circuit given in Figure 15 shows a frequency sweep method for split supply operation. The frequency of operation is controlled by varying the total timing current, IT, drawn from the activated timing pin 4. The timing current can be modulated by applying a control voltage, VC, to the timing pin through a series resistor R. As the control voltage becomes more negative, both the total timing current, IT, and the oscillation frequency increase. The frequency of operation, is now proportional to the control voltage, VC, and determined as:

VO + VB ) 0.6V
where VB is the bias voltage at pin 5. The peak-to-peak output swing of triangle wave is approximately equal to VCC/2.

f + 1 RC

1 ) RV VR Hz
C C EE

Rev. 2.02 12

XR-2209
If R = 2MW, RC = 2kW, C = 5000pF, then a 1000:1 frequency sweep would result for a negative sweep voltage VC  VEE. The voltage to frequency conversion gain, K, is controlled by the series resistance RC and can be expressed as: 1 K + Df + HzV DV C RCCVEE frequency is given as:

f + 1 RC

V 1) R 1 C RC VT

where VT = Vpin4 ~ Vbias + 0.7V. This equation is valid from VC = 0V where RC is in parallel with R and IT is maximum to:

The circuit of Figure 15 can operate both with positive and negative values of control voltage. However, for positive values of VC with small (RC/R) ratio, the direction of the timing current IT is reversed and the oscillations will stop. Frequency Control (Sweep and FM) - Single Supply The circuit given in Figure 16 shows the frequency sweep method for single supply operation. Here, the oscillation
VCC

VC + VT

1 ) R R
C

where IT = 0 and oscillation ceases.


Caution: Total timing current IT must be less than 6mA over the frequency control range.
VCC

C 1mF 1 2 VCC TC1 3 TC2 RL 7 8 5 Square Wave Output Triangle Wave Output

SWO TWO BIAS

XR-2209
T4 4 IT VEE 6

VEE

IO

IC R RC

1mF

VC VEE VC+ Sweep or FM Voltage

VC-

Figure 15. Frequency Sweep Operation, Split Supply

Rev. 2.02 13

XR-2209

VCC

VCC

C 1mF 1 2 VEE C 1 3 C 2 SWO TWO BIAS T4 4 VEE 6 1mF 3.9K RL 7 8 5 Vbias Square Wave Output Triangle Wave Output 5.1K VCC

XR-2209

RC VC VC+ Sweep or FM Voltage

VC-

Figure 16. Frequency Sweep Operation, Single Supply

Rev. 2.02 14

XR-2209
8 LEAD PLASTIC DUAL-IN-LINE (300 MIL PDIP)
Rev. 1.00

8 1 D A L

5 4 E1 E A2 A1

Seating Plane

eA eB

B1

INCHES SYMBOL A A1 A2 B B1 C D E E1 e eA eB L MIN 0.145 0.015 0.015 0.014 0.030 0.008 0.348 0.300 0.240 MAX 0.210 0.070 0.195 0.024 0.070 0.014 0.430 0.325 0.280

MILLIMETERS MIN 3.68 0.38 2.92 0.36 0.76 0.20 8.84 7.62 6.10 MAX 5.33 1.78 4.95 0.56 1.78 0.38 10.92 8.26 7.11

0.100 BSC 0.300 BSC 0.310 0.115 0 0.430 0.160 15

2.54 BSC 7.62 BSC 7.87 2.92 0 10.92 4.06 15

Note: The control dimension is the inch column

Rev. 2.02 15

XR-2209
8 LEAD CERAMIC DUAL-IN-LINE (300 MIL CDIP)
Rev. 1.00

E D Base Plane Seating Plane L e B B1 c A1 A E1

INCHES SYMBOL A A1 B B1 c D E1 E e L MIN 0.100 0.015 0.014 0.045 0.008 0.305 0.250 MAX 0.200 0.060 0.026 0.065 0.018 0.405 0.310

MILLIMETERS MIN 2.54 0.38 0.36 1.14 0.20 7.75 6.35 MAX 5.08 1.52 0.66 1.65 0.46 10.29 7.87

0.300 BSC 0.100 BSC 0.125 0.200

7.62 BSC 2.54 BSC 3.18 5.08 15

0 15 0 Note: The control dimension is the inch column

Rev. 2.02 16

XR-2209 Notes

Rev. 2.02 17

XR-2209 Notes

Rev. 2.02 18

XR-2209 Notes

Rev. 2.02 19

XR-2209

NOTICE EXAR Corporation reserves the right to make changes to the products contained in this publication in order to improve design, performance or reliability. EXAR Corporation assumes no responsibility for the use of any circuits described herein, conveys no license under any patent or other right, and makes no representation that the circuits are free of patent infringement. Charts and schedules contained herein are only for illustration purposes and may vary depending upon a users specific application. While the information in this publication has been carefully checked; no responsibility, however, is assumed for inaccuracies. EXAR Corporation does not recommend the use of any of its products in life support applications where the failure or malfunction of the product can reasonably be expected to cause failure of the life support system or to significantly affect its safety or effectiveness. Products are not authorized for use in such applications unless EXAR Corporation receives, in writing, assurances to its satisfaction that: (a) the risk of injury or damage has been minimized; (b) the user assumes all such risks; (c) potential liability of EXAR Corporation is adequately protected under the circumstances. Copyright 1975 EXAR Corporation Datasheet June1997 Reproduction, in part or whole, without the prior written consent of EXAR Corporation is prohibited.
Rev. 2.02 20

APPLICATION NOTE

THE L297 STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER


The L297 integrates all the control circuitry required to control bipolar and unipolar stepper motors. Used with a dual bridge driver such as the L298N forms a complete microprocessor-to-bipolar stepper motor interface. Unipolar stepper motor can be driven with an L297 plus a quad darlington array. This note describes the operation of the circuit and shows how it is used.
The L297 Stepper Motor Controller is primarily intendedfor use with anL298N or L293E bridge driver in stepper motor driving applications. It receives control signals from the systems controller, usually a microcomputer chip, and provides all the necessary drive signals for the power stage. Additionally, it includes two PWM chopper circuits toregulate the current in the motor windings. With a suitable power actuator the L297 drives two phase bipolar permanent magnet motors, four phase unipolar permanentmagnet motorsandfour phase variable reluctance motors. Moreover, it handles normal, wave drive and half step drive modes. (This is all explained in the section Stepper Motor Basics). Two versions of the device are available : the regular L297 and a special version called L297A. The L297A incorporates a step pulse doubler and is designed specifically for floppy-disk head positioning applications. ADVANTAGES The L297 + driver combination has many advantages : very few components are required (so assembly costs are low, reliability high and little space required), software development is simplified and the burden on the micro is reduced. Further, the choice of a two-chip approach gives a high degree of flexibility-the L298Ncan be usedon its own for DC motors and the L297 can be used with any power stage, including discrete power devices (it provides 20mA drive for this purpose).

Figure 1 : In this typical configuration an L297 stepper motor controller and L298 dual bridge driver combine to form a complete microprocessor to bipolar stepper motor interface.

AN470/0392

1/18

APPLICATION NOTE
For bipolar motors with winding currents up to 2A the L297 should be used with the L298N ; for winding currents up to 1A the L293E is recommended (the L293 will also be useful if the chopper isnt needed). Higher currents are obtained with power transistors or darlingtons and for unipolar motors a darlington array such as the ULN2075B is suggested. The block diagram, figure 1, shows a typical system. Applications of the L297 can be found almost everywhere ... printers (carriage position,daisy position, paper feed, ribbon feed), typewriters, plotters, numerically controlled machines, robots, floppy disk drives, electronic sewing machines, cash registers, photocopiers, telex machines, electronic carburetos, telecopiers, photographic equipment, paper tape readers, optical character recognisers, electric valves and so on. The L297 is made with SGS analog/digital compatible I2L technology(like Zodiac) and is assembled in a 20-pin plastic DIP. A 5V supply is used and all signal lines are TTL/CMOS compatible or open collector transistors. High density is one of the key features of the technology so the L297 die is very compact. THE L298N AND L293E Since the L297 is normally used with an L298N or L293E bridge driver a brief review of these devices will make the rest of this note easier to follow. The L298N and L293E contain two bridge driver stages,each controlled by two TTL-level logicinputs and a TTL-level enable input. In addition, the emitter connectionsof the lower transistors are brought out to external terminals to allow the connection of current sensing resistors (figure 2). For the L298N SGS innovative ion-implanted high voltage/high current technology is used, allowing it to handle effective powers up to 160W (46V supply, 2A per bridge). A separate 5V logic supply input is provided to reduce dissipation and to allow direct connection to the L297 or other control logic. In this note the pins of the L298N are labelled with the pin names of the corresponding L297 terminals to avoid unnecessary confusion. The L298N is supplied in a 15-lead Multiwatt plastic power package. Its smaller brother,the functionally identical L293E, is packaged in a Powerdip a copper frame DIP that uses the four center pins to conduct heat to the circuit board copper.

Figure 2 : The L298N contains two bridge drivers (four push pull stages) each controlled by two logic inputs and an enable input. External emitter connections are provided for current sense resistors. The L293E has external connections for all four emitters.

2/18

APPLICATION NOTE
STEPPER MOTOR BASICS There are two basic types of stepper motor in common use : permanentmagnet and variable reluctance. Permanent magnet motors are divided into bipolar and unipolar types. BIPOLAR MOTORS Simplified to the bare essentials, a bipolar permanent magnet motor consists of a rotating permanent magnet surroundedby stator poles carrying the windings (figure 3). Bidirectional drive current is used and the motor is stepped by switching the windings in sequence. For a motor ofthis type there are threepossible drive sequences. Figure 3 : Greatly simplified, a bipolar permanent magnet stepper motor consist of a rotaring magnet surrounded by stator poles as shown. mode. Only onephase is energized at any given moment (figure 4a). The second possibility is to energize both phases together, so that the rotor always aligns itself between two pole positions. Called two-phase-on full step, this mode is the normal drive sequence for a bipolar motor and gives the highest torque (figure 4b). The third option is to energize one phase, then two, then one, etc., so that the motor moves in half step increments. This sequence, known as half step mode, halves the effective step angle of the motor but gives a less regular torque (figure 4c). For rotation in the opposite direction (counter-clockwise) the same three sequences are used, except of course that the order is reserved. As shown in these diagrams the motor would have a stepangle of 90 . Real motors have multiple poles to reduce the step angle to a few degrees but the numberof windings and thedrive sequencesare unchanged. A typical bipolar stepper motor is shown in figure 5. UNIPOLAR MOTORS A unipolar permanent magnet motor is identical to the bipolar machine described above except that bifilar windings are used to reverse the stator flux, rather than bidirectional drive (figure 6). This motor is driven in exactly the same way as a bipolar motor except that the bridge drivers are replaced by simple unipolar stages - four darlingtons or a quad darlington array. Clearly, unipolar motors are more expensive because thay have twice as many windings. Moreover, unipolar motors give less torque for a given motor size because the windings are made with thinner wire. In the past unipolar motors were attractive to designers because they simplify the driver stage. Now that monolithic push pull drivers like the L298N are available bipolar motors are becoming more popular. All permanent magnet motors suffer from the counter EMF generated by the rotor, which limits the rotation speed. When very high slewing speeds are necessary a variable reluctance motor is used.

The first is to energize the windings in the sequence AB/CD/BA/DC (BA means that the winding AB is energizedbut in theopposite sense). This sequence is known as one phase on full step or wave drive

3/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 4 : The three drive sequences for a two phase bipolar stepper motor. Clockwise rotation is shown. Figure 4a : Wave drive (one phase on).

Figure 4b : Two phase on drive.

Figure 4c : Half step drive.

4/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 5 : A real motor. Multiple poles are normally employed to reduce the step angle to a practical value. The principle of operation and drive sequences remain the same. phase-on is AC/CB/BD/DA and the half step sequence is A/AC/C/BC/B/BD/D/DA. Note that the step angle for the motor shown above is 15 , not 45 . As before, pratical motors normally employ multiple poles to give a much smaller step angle. This does not, however, affect the principle of operation of the drive sequences. Figure 7 : A variable reluctance motor has a soft iron rotor with fewer poles than the stator. The step angle is 15 for this motor.

Figure 6 : A unipolar PM motor uses bifilar windings to reverse the flux in each phase.

VARIABLE RELUCTANCE MOTORS A variable reluctance motor has a non-magnetized soft iron rotor with fewer poles than the stator (figure 7). Unipolar drive is used and the motor is stepped by energizing stator pole pairs to align the rotor with the pole pieces of the energized winding. Once again three different phase sequencescan be used. The wave drive sequence is A/C/B/D ; two-

GENERATING THE PHASE SEQUENCES The heart of the L297 block diagram, figure 8, is a block called the translator which generates suitable phase sequences for half step, one-phase-on full step and two-phase-on full step operation. This block is controlled by two mode inputs direction (CW/ CCW) and HALF/ FULL and a step clock which advances the translator from one step to the next. Four outputs are provided by the translator for subsequent processing by the output logic block which implements the inhibit and chopper functions. Internally the translator consists of a 3-bit counter plus some combinational logic which generates a basic eight-step gray code sequence as shown in figure 9. All three drive sequencescan be generated easily from this master sequence. This state sequence corresponds directly to half step mode, selected by a high level on the HALF/ FULL input.

5/18

APPLICATION NOTE
The output waveforms for this sequence are shown in figure 10. Note that two other signals, INH1 and INH2 are generated in this sequence. The purpose of these signals is explained a little further on. The full step modes are both obtained by skipping alternate states in the eight-step sequence. What happensis that the step clock bypassesthe first stage of the 3-bit counter in the translator. The least significant bit ot this counter is not affected therefore the sequencegenerateddependson the state of the translator when full step mode is selected (the HALF/ FULL input brought low). If full step mode is selected when the translator is at any odd-numbered state we get the two-phase-on full step sequence shown in figure 11. By contrast, one-phase-on full step mode is obtained by selecting full step mode when the translator is at an even-numbered state (figure 12).

Figure 8 : The L297 contains translator (phase sequence generator), a dual PWM chopper and output control logic.

Figure 9 : The eight step master sequence of the translator. This corresponds to half step mode. Clockwise rotation is indicated.

6/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 10 : The output waveforms corresponding to the half step sequence. The chopper action in not shown.

Figure 11 : State sequence and output waveforms for the two phase on sequence. INH1 and INH2 remain high throughout.

7/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 12 : State Sequence and Output Waveforms for Wave Drive (one phase on).

INH1 AND INH2 In half step and one-phase-on full step modes two other signals are generated: INH1 and INH2. These are inhibit signals which are coupled to the L298Ns enable inputs and serve to speed the current decay when a winding is switched off. Since both windings are energized continuously in two-phase-onfull step mode no winding is ever switched off and these signals are not generated. To see what these signals do lets look at one half of the L298N connected to the first phase of a twophase bipolar motor (figure 13). Remember that the L298Ns A and B inputs determine which transistor in each push pull pair will be on. INH1, on the other hand, turns off all four transistors. Assume that A is high, B low and current flowing through Q1, Q4 and the motor winding. If A is now brought low the current would recirculate through D2, Q4 and Rs, giving a slow decay and increased dissipationin Rs. If, on a other hand, A is brought low and INH1 is activated, all four transistors are turned off. The current recirculates in this case from ground to Vs via D2 and D3, giving a faster decay thus allowing faster operation of the motor. Also, since the recirculation current does not flow through Rs, aless expensive resistor can be used. Exactly the same thing happens with the second winding, the other half of the L298 and the signals C, D and INH2.

The INH1 and INH2 signals are generated by OR functions : A + B = INH1 C + D = INH2 However, the output logic is more complex because inhibit lines are also used by the chopper, as we will see further on. OTHER SIGNALS Two other signals are connected to the translator block : the RESET input and the HOME output RESET is an asynchronous reset input which restores the translator block to the home position (state 1, ABCD = 0101). The HOME output (open collector) signals this condition and is intended to the ANDed with the output of a mechanical home position sensor. Finally, there is an ENABLE input connected to the output logic. A low level on this input brings INH1, INH2, A, B, C and D low. This input is useful to disable the motor driver when the system is initialized. LOAD CURRENT REGULATION Some form of load current control is essential to obtain good speed and torque characteristics. There are several ways in which this can be done switching the supply between two voltages, pulse rate modulation chopping or pulse width modulation chopping.

8/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 13 : When a winding is switched off the inhibit input is activated to speed current decay. If this were not done the current would recirculate through D2 and Q4 in this example. Dissipation in Rs is also reduced.

The L297 provides load current control in the form of two PWM choppers, one for each phase of a bipolar motor or one for each pair of windings for a unipolar motor. (In a unipolar motor the A and B windings are never energized together so thay can share a chopper ; the same applies to C and D). Each chopper consists of a comparator, a flip flop and an external sensing resistor. A common on chip oscillator supplies pulses at the chopperrate to both choppers. In each chopper(figure 14) the flip flop is set by each pulse from the oscillator, enabling the output and allowing the load current to increase. As it increases the voltage across the sensing resistor increases, and when this voltage reaches Vref the flip flop is reset, disabling the output until the next oscillator pulse arrives. The output of this circuit (the flip flops Q output) is therefore a constant rate PWM signal. Note that Vref determines the peak load current.

Figure 14 : Each chopper circuit consists of a comparator, flip flop and external sense resistor. A common oscillator clocks both circuits.

9/18

APPLICATION NOTE
PHASE CHOPPING CHOPPING AND INHIBIT age on the winding is low (VCEsat Q1 + VD3) (figure 16). Why is B pulled high, why push A low ? The reason is to avoid the current decaying through Rs. Since the current recirculates in the upper half of the bridge, current only flows in the sensing resistor when the winding is driven. Less power is therefore dissipated in RS and we can get away with a cheaper resistor. This explain why phase chopping is not suitable for unipolar motors : when the A winding is driven the chopperacts onthe B winding. Clearly, this is no use at all for a variable reluctance motor and would be slow and inefficient for a bifilar wound permanent magnet motor. The alternative is to tie the CONTROL input to ground so that the chopper acts on INH1 and INH2. Looking at the same example, A is high and B low. Q1 and Q4 are therefore conducting and current flows through Q1, the winding, Q4 and RS, (figure 17).

The chopper can act on either the phase lines (ABCD) or on the inhibit lines INH1 and INH2. An input named CONTROL decides which. Inhibit chopping is used for unipolar motors but you can choose between phasechopping andinhibit choppingfor bipolar motors. The reasons for this choice are best explained with another example. First lets examine the situation when the phase lines are chopped. As before, we are driving a two phase bipolar motor and A is high, B low (figure 15). Current therefore flows through Q1, winding, Q4 and Rs. When the voltage across Rs reaches Vref the chopper brings B high to switch off the winding. The energy stored in the winding is dissipated by current recirculating throughQ1 and D3. Current decay throughthis path is rather slow becausethe volt-

Figure 15 : Phase Chopping. In this example the current X is interrupted by activating B, giving the recirculation path Y. The alternative, de-activating A, would give the recirculation path Z, increasing dissipation in RS.

10/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 16 : Phase Chopping Waveforms. The example shows AB winding energized with A positive with respect to B. Control is high.

Figure 17 : Inhibit Chopping. The drive current (Q1, winding, Q4) in this case is interrupted by activating INH1. The decay path through D2 and D3 is faster than the path Y of Figure 15.

11/18

APPLICATION NOTE
In this case when the voltage accross RS reaches VREF the chopperflip flopis reset andINH1 activated (brought low). INH1, remember, turns off all four transistors therefore the current recirculates from ground, through D2, the winding and D3 to VS. Discharged across the supply, which can be up to 46V, the current decays very rapidly (figure 18). The usefulness of this second faster decay option is fairly obvious ; it allows fast operation with bipolar motors and it is the only choice for unipolar motors. But why do we offer the slower alternative, phase chopping ? The answer is that we might be obliged to use a low chopper rate with a motor that does not store much energy in the windings. If the decay is very fast the average motor current may be too low to give an useful torque. Low chopper rates may, for example, be imposed if there is a larger motor in the same system. To avoid switching noise on the ground plane all drivers should be synchronized and the chopper rate is therefore determined by the largest motor in the system. Multiple L297s are synchronized easily using the SYNC pin. This pin is the squarewave output of the on-chip oscillator and the clock input for the choppers. The first L297 is fitted with the oscillator components and outputs a sqarewave signal on this pin (figure 19). SubsequentL297sdo not needthe oscillator components and use SYNC as a clock input. An external clock may also be injected at this terminal if an L297 must be synchronized to other system components. Figure 18 : Inhibit Chopper Waveforms. Winding AB is energized and CONTROL is low. Figure 19 : The Chopper oscillator of multiple L297s are synchronized by connecting the SYNC Inputs together.

THE L297A The L297A is a special version of the L297 developed originally for head positioning in floppy disk drives. It can, however, be used in other applications. Compared to the standard L297 the difference are the addition of a pulse doubler on the step clock input and the availability of the output of the direction flip flop (block diagram, figure 20). To add these functions while keeping the low-cost 20-pin package the CONTROL and SYNC pins are not available on this version (they are note needed anyway). The chopper acts on the ABCD phase lines. The pulse doublergenerates a ghost pulse internally for each input clock pulse. Consequentlythe translator moves two steps for each input pulse. An external RC network sets the delay time between the input pulse and ghost pulse and should be chosen so that the ghost pulses fall roughly halfway between input pulses, allowing time for the motor to step. This feature is used to improve positioning accuracy. Since the angular position error of a stepper motor is noncumulative (it cancels out to zero every four steps in a four step sequence motor) accuracy is improved by stepping two of four steps at a time.

12/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 20 : The L297A, includes a clock pulse doubler and provides an output from the direction flip flop (DIR MEM).

APPLICATION HINTS Bipolar motors can be driven with an L297, an L298N or L293E bridge driver and very few external components (figure 21). Together these two chips form a complete microprocessor-to-stepper motor interface. With an L298N this configuration drives motors with winding currents up to 2A ; for motors up to 1A per winding and L293E is used. If the PWM choppers are not required an L293 could also be used (it doesnt have the external emitter connections for sensing resistors) but the L297 is underutilized. If very high powers are required the bridge driver is replaced by an equivalent circuit made with discrete transistors. For currents to 3.5A two L298Ns with paralleled outputs may be used. For unipolar motors the best choice is a quad darlington array. The L702B can be used if the choppers are not required but an ULN2075B is preferred.

This quad darlington has external emitter connections which are connected to sensing resistors (figure 22). Since the chopper acts on the inhibit lines, four AND gates must be added in this application. Also shown in the schematic are the protection diodes. In all applications where the choppers are not used it is important to remember that the sense inputs must be grounded and VREF connected either to VS or any potential between VS and ground. The chopper oscillator frequency is determined by the RC network on pin 16. The frequency is roughly 1/0.7 RC and R must be more than 10 K. When the L297As pulse doubler is used, the delay time is determined by the network Rd Cd and is approximately 0.75 Rd Cd .Rd should be in the range 3 k to 100 k (figure 23).

13/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 21 : This typical application shows an L297 and L298N driving a Bipolar Stepper Motor with phase currents up to 2A.

R S1 RS2 = 0.5 D 1 to D 8 = 2 Fast Diodes

VF 1.2 @ I = 2 A trr 200 ns

14/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 22 : For Unipolar Motors a Quad Darlington Array is coupled to the L297. Inhibit chopping is used so the four AND gates must be added.

Figure 23 : The Clock pulse doubler inserts a ghost pulse o seconds after the Input clock pulse. Rd Cd is closen to give a delay of approximately half the Input clock period.

15/18

APPLICATION NOTE
PIN FUNCTIONS - L297
N 1 NAME SYNC FUNCTION Output of the on-chip chopper oscillator. The SYNC connections The SYNC connections of all L297s to be synchronized are connected together and the oscillator components are omitted on all but one. If an external clock source is used it is injected at this terminal. Ground connection. Open collector output that indicates when the L297 is in its initial state (ABCD = 0101). The transistor is open when this signal is active. Motor phase A drive signal for power stage. Active low inhibit control for driver stage of A and B phases. When a bipolar bridge is used this signal can be used to ensure fast decay of load current when a winding is de-energized. Also used by chopper to regulate load current if CONTROL input is low. Motor phase B drive signal for power stage. Motor phase C drive signal for power stage. Active low inhibit control for drive stages of C and D phases. Same functions as INH1. Motor phase D drive signal for power stage. Chip enable input. When low (inactive) INH1, INH2, A, B, C and D are brought low. Control input that defines action of chopper. When low chopper acts on INH1 and INH2; when high chopper acts on phase lines ABCD. 5V supply input. Input for load current sense voltage from power stages of phases C and D. Input for load current sense voltage from power stages of phases A and B. Reference voltage for chopper circuit. A voltage applied to this pin determines the peak load current. An RC network (R to VCC, C to ground) connected to this terminal determines the chopper rate. This terminal is connected to ground on all but one device in synchronized multi - L297 configurations. f 1/0.69 RC Clockwise/counterclockwise direction control input. Physical direction of motor rotation also depends on connection of windings. Synchronized internally therefore direction can be changed at any time. Step clock. An active low pulse on this input advances the motor one increment. The step occurs on the rising edge of this signal. Half/full step select input. When high selects half step operation, when low selects full step operation. One-phase-on full step mode is obtained by selecting FULL when the L297s translator is at an even-numbered state. Two-phase-on full step mode is set by selecting FULL when the translator is at an odd numbered position. (The home position is designate state 1). Reset input. An active low pulse on this input restores the translator to the home position (state 1, ABCD = 0101). An RC network connected to this pin determines the delay between an input clock pulse and the corresponding ghost pulse. Direction Memory. Inverted output of the direction flip flop. Open collector output.

2 3

GND HOME

4 5

A INH1

6 7 8 9 10 11

B C INH2 D ENABLE CONTROL

12 13 14 15 16

Vs SENS2 SENS1 Vref OSC

17

CW/CCW

18 19

CLOCK HALF/FULL

20

RESET

PIN FUNCTIONS - L297A (Pin function of the L297A are identical to those of the,L297 except for pins 1 and 11) 1 11 DOUBLER DIR-MEM

16/18

APPLICATION NOTE
Figure 24 : Pin connections.

17/18

APPLICATION NOTE

Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics. Specifications mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics. 1995 SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics - All Rights Reserved SGS-THOMSON Microelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia - Brazil - France - Germany - Hong Kong - Italy - Japan - Korea - Malaysia - Malta - Morocco - The Netherlands - Singapore Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Taiwan - Thaliand - United Kingdom - U.S.A.

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L298
DUAL FULL-BRIDGE DRIVER

. . . . .

OPERATING SUPPLY VOLTAGE UP TO 46 V TOTAL DC CURRENT UP TO 4 A LOW SATURATION VOLTAGE OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION LOGICAL "0" INPUT VOLTAGE UP TO 1.5 V (HIGH NOISE IMMUNITY)
Multiwatt15 PowerSO20

DESCRIPTION The L298 is an integrated monolithic circuit in a 15lead Multiwatt and PowerSO20 packages. It is a high voltage, high current dual full-bridge driver designed to accept standard TTL logic levels and drive inductive loads such as relays, solenoids, DC and stepping motors. Two enable inputs are provided to enable or disable the device independently of the input signals. The emitters of the lower transistors of each bridge are connected together and the corresponding external terminal can be used for the conBLOCK DIAGRAM

ORDERING NUMBERS : L298N (Multiwatt Vert.) L298HN (Multiwatt Horiz.) L298P (PowerSO20)

nection of an external sensing resistor. An additional supply input is provided so that the logic works at a lower voltage.

Jenuary 2000

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L298
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Symbol VS VSS VI,Ven IO Power Supply Logic Supply Voltage Input and Enable Voltage Peak Output Current (each Channel) Non Repetitive (t = 100s) Repetitive (80% on 20% off; ton = 10ms) DC Operation Sensing Voltage Total Power Dissipation (Tcase = 75C) Junction Operating Temperature Storage and Junction Temperature Parameter Value 50 7 0.3 to 7 3 2.5 2 1 to 2.3 25 25 to 130 40 to 150 Unit V V V A A A V W C C

Vsens Ptot Top Tstg, Tj

PIN CONNECTIONS (top view)


15 14 13 12 11 10 CURRENT SENSING B OUTPUT 4 OUTPUT 3 INPUT 4 ENABLE B INPUT 3 LOGIC SUPPLY VOLTAGE VSS GND INPUT 2 ENABLE A INPUT 1 SUPPLY VOLTAGE VS OUTPUT 2 OUTPUT 1 CURRENT SENSING A

Multiwatt15

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

TAB CONNECTED TO PIN 8

D95IN240A

GND Sense A N.C. Out 1 Out 2 VS Input 1 Enable A Input 2 GND

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
D95IN239

20 19 18 17

GND Sense B N.C. Out 4 Out 3 Input 4 Enable B Input 3 VSS GND

PowerSO20

16 15 14 13 12 11

THERMAL DATA
Symbol Rth j-case Rth j-amb Parameter Thermal Resistance Junction-case Thermal Resistance Junction-ambient Max. Max. PowerSO20 13 (*) Multiwatt15 3 35 Unit C/W C/W

(*) Mounted on aluminum substrate

2/13

L298
PIN FUNCTIONS (refer to the block diagram)
MW.15 1;15 2;3 4 PowerSO 2;19 4;5 6 Name Sense A; Sense B Out 1; Out 2 VS Function Between this pin and ground is connected the sense resistor to control the current of the load. Outputs of the Bridge A; the current that flows through the load connected between these two pins is monitored at pin 1. Supply Voltage for the Power Output Stages. A non-inductive 100nF capacitor must be connected between this pin and ground. TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge A. TTL Compatible Enable Input: the L state disables the bridge A (enable A) and/or the bridge B (enable B). Ground. Supply Voltage for the Logic Blocks. A100nF capacitor must be connected between this pin and ground. TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge B. Outputs of the Bridge B. The current that flows through the load connected between these two pins is monitored at pin 15. Not Connected

5;7 6;11 8 9 10; 12 13; 14

7;9 8;14 1,10,11,20 12 13;15 16;17 3;18

Input 1; Input 2 Enable A; Enable B GND VSS Input 3; Input 4 Out 3; Out 4 N.C.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VS = 42V; VSS = 5V, Tj = 25C; unless otherwise specified)
Symbol VS VSS IS Parameter Supply Voltage (pin 4) Logic Supply Voltage (pin 9) Quiescent Supply Current (pin 4) Test Conditions Operative Condition Ven = H; IL = 0 Vi = L Vi = H Vi = X Vi = L Vi = H Vi = X 0.3 2.3 Vi = L Vi = H VSS 0.6V 0.3 2.3 Ven = L Ven = H VSS 0.6V IL = 1A IL = 2A IL = 1A IL = 2A IL = 1A IL = 2A 0.95 (5) (5) (5) (5) 0.85 1.80 1 (1) 30 1.35 2 1.2 1.7 30 Min. VIH +2.5 4.5 5 13 50 24 7 Typ. Max. 46 7 22 70 4 36 12 6 1.5 VSS 10 100 1.5 VSS 10 100 1.7 2.7 1.6 2.3 3.2 4.9 2 Unit V V mA mA mA mA mA mA V V A A V V A A V V V V V V V

ISS

Ven = L Quiescent Current from VSS (pin 9) Ven = H; IL = 0 Ven = L

ViL ViH IiL IiH Ven = L Ven = H Ien = L Ien = H VCEsat (H)

Input Low Voltage (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) Input High Voltage (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) Low Voltage Input Current (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) High Voltage Input Current (pins 5, 7, 10, 12) Enable Low Voltage (pins 6, 11) Enable High Voltage (pins 6, 11) Low Voltage Enable Current (pins 6, 11) High Voltage Enable Current (pins 6, 11) Source Saturation Voltage

VCEsat (L) Sink Saturation Voltage VCEsat Vsens Total Drop Sensing Voltage (pins 1, 15)

3/13

L298
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Symbol T1 (Vi) T2 (Vi) T3 (Vi) T4 (Vi) T5 (Vi) T6 (Vi) T7 (Vi) T8 (Vi) fc (Vi) T1 (Ven) T2 (Ven) T3 (Ven) T4 (Ven) T5 (Ven) T6 (Ven) T7 (Ven) T8 (Ven) Parameter Source Current Turn-off Delay Source Current Fall Time Source Current Turn-on Delay Source Current Rise Time Sink Current Turn-off Delay Sink Current Fall Time Sink Current Turn-on Delay Sink Current Rise Time Commutation Frequency Source Current Turn-off Delay Source Current Fall Time Source Current Turn-on Delay Source Current Rise Time Sink Current Turn-off Delay Sink Current Fall Time Sink Current Turn-on Delay Sink Current Rise Time Test Conditions 0.5 Vi to 0.9 IL 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL 0.5 Vi to 0.1 IL 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL 0.5 Vi to 0.9 IL 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL 0.5 Vi to 0.9 IL 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL IL = 2A 0.5 Ven to 0.9 IL 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL 0.5 Ven to 0.1 IL 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL 0.5 Ven to 0.9 IL 0.9 IL to 0.1 IL 0.5 Ven to 0.9 IL 0.1 IL to 0.9 IL (2); (4) (2); (4) (2); (4) (2); (4) (3); (4) (3); (4) (3); (4) (3); (4) (2); (4) (2); (4) (2); (4) (2); (4) (3); (4) (3); (4) (3); (4) (3); (4) Min. Typ. 1.5 0.2 2 0.7 0.7 0.25 1.6 0.2 25 3 1 0.3 0.4 2.2 0.35 0.25 0.1 40 Max. Unit s s s s s s s s KHz s s s s s s s s

1) 1)Sensing voltage can be 1 V for t 50 sec; in steady state Vsens min 0.5 V. 2) See fig. 2. 3) See fig. 4. 4) The load must be a pure resistor.

Figure 1 : Typical Saturation Voltage vs. Output Current.

Figure 2 : Switching Times Test Circuits.

Note : For INPUT Switching, set EN = H For ENABLE Switching, set IN = H

4/13

L298
Figure 3 : Source Current Delay Times vs. Input or Enable Switching.

Figure 4 : Switching Times Test Circuits.

Note : For INPUT Switching, set EN = H For ENABLE Switching, set IN = L

5/13

L298
Figure 5 : Sink Current Delay Times vs. Input 0 V Enable Switching.

Figure 6 : Bidirectional DC Motor Control.

Inputs Ven = H C=H;D=L C=L;D=H C=D C=X;D=X


H = High

Function Forward Reverse Fast Motor Stop Free Running Motor Stop
X = Dont care

Ven = L
L = Low

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L298
Figure 7 : For higher currents, outputs can be paralleled. Take care to parallel channel 1 with channel 4 and channel 2 with channel 3.

APPLICATION INFORMATION (Refer to the block diagram) Each input must be connected to the source of the 1.1. POWER OUTPUT STAGE driving signals by means of a very short path. The L298 integrates two power output stages (A ; B). Turn-On and Turn-Off : Before to Turn-ON the SupThe power output stage is a bridge configuration ply Voltage and before to Turn it OFF, the Enable inand its outputs can drive an inductive load in comput must be driven to the Low state. mon or differenzial mode, depending on the state of the inputs. The current that flows through the load 3. APPLICATIONS comes out from the bridge at the sense output : an Fig 6 shows a bidirectional DC motor control Scheexternal resistor (RSA ; RSB.) allows to detect the inmatic Diagram for which only one bridge is needed. tensity of this current. The external bridge of diodes D1 to D4 is made by 1.2. INPUT STAGE four fast recovery elements (trr 200 nsec) that Each bridge is driven by means of four gates the inmust be chosen of a VF as low as possible at the put of which are In1 ; In2 ; EnA and In3 ; In4 ; EnB. worst case of the load current. The In inputs set the bridge state when The En input The sense output voltage can be used to control the is high ; a low state of the En input inhibits the bridge. current amplitude by chopping the inputs, or to proAll the inputs are TTL compatible. vide overcurrent protection by switching low the enable input. 2. SUGGESTIONS The brake function (Fast motor stop) requires that A non inductive capacitor, usually of 100 nF, must the Absolute Maximum Rating of 2 Amps must be foreseen between both Vs and Vss, to ground, never be overcome. as near as possible to GND pin. When the large capacitor of the power supply is too far from the IC, a When the repetitive peak current needed from the second smaller one must be foreseen near the load is higher than 2 Amps, a paralleled configuraL298. tion can be chosen (See Fig.7). The sense resistor, not of a wire wound type, must An external bridge of diodes are required when inbe grounded near the negative pole of Vs that must ductive loads are driven and when the inputs of the be near the GND pin of the I.C. IC are chopped ; Shottky diodes would be preferred.
7/13

L298
This solution can drive until 3 Amps In DC operation and until 3.5 Amps of a repetitive peak current. On Fig 8 it is shown the driving of a two phase bipolar stepper motor ; the needed signals to drive the inputs of the L298 are generated, in this example, from the IC L297. Fig 9 shows an example of P.C.B. designed for the application of Fig 8. Figure 8 : Two Phase Bipolar Stepper Motor Circuit. This circuit drives bipolar stepper motors with winding currents up to 2 A. The diodes are fast 2 A types. Fig 10 shows a second two phase bipolar stepper motor control circuit where the current is controlled by the I.C. L6506.

RS1 = RS2 = 0.5 D1 to D8 = 2 A Fast diodes

VF 1.2 V @ I = 2 A trr 200 ns

8/13

L298
Figure 9 : Suggested Printed Circuit Board Layout for the Circuit of fig. 8 (1:1 scale).

Figure 10 : Two Phase Bipolar Stepper Motor Control Circuit by Using the Current Controller L6506.

RR and Rsense depend from the load current

9/13

L298
DIM. MIN. A B C D E F G G1 H1 H2 L L1 L2 L3 L4 L7 M M1 S S1 Dia1 21.9 21.7 17.65 17.25 10.3 2.65 4.25 4.63 1.9 1.9 3.65 4.55 5.08 17.5 10.7 22.2 22.1 0.49 0.66 1.02 17.53 19.6 20.2 22.5 22.5 18.1 17.75 10.9 2.9 4.85 5.53 2.6 2.6 3.85 0.862 0.854 0.695 0.679 0.406 0.104 0.167 0.182 0.075 0.075 0.144 0.179 0.200 0.689 0.421 0.874 0.870 1.27 17.78 1 0.55 0.75 1.52 18.03 0.019 0.026 0.040 0.690 0.772 0.795 0.886 0.886 0.713 0.699 0.429 0.114 0.191 0.218 0.102 0.102 0.152 0.050 0.700 mm TYP. MAX. 5 2.65 1.6 0.039 0.022 0.030 0.060 0.710 MIN. inch TYP. MAX. 0.197 0.104 0.063

OUTLINE AND MECHANICAL DATA

Multiwatt15 V

10/13

L298
DIM. MIN. A B C E F G G1 H1 H2 L L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 S S1 Dia1 2.65 1.9 1.9 3.65 17.25 10.3 20.57 18.03 2.54 17.5 10.7 5.28 2.38 2.9 2.6 2.6 3.85 0.104 0.075 0.075 0.144 17.75 10.9 0.679 0.406 0.49 0.66 1.14 17.57 19.6 20.2 0.810 0.710 0.100 0.689 0.421 0.208 0.094 0.114 0.102 0.102 0.152 0.699 0.429 1.27 17.78 mm TYP. MAX. 5 2.65 1.6 0.55 0.75 1.4 17.91 0.019 0.026 0.045 0.692 0.772 0.795 0.050 0.700 MIN. inch TYP. MAX. 0.197 0.104 0.063 0.022 0.030 0.055 0.705

OUTLINE AND MECHANICAL DATA

Multiwatt15 H

11/13

L298
mm TYP. inch TYP.

DIM. A a1 a2 a3 b c D (1) D1 E e e3 E1 (1) E2 E3 G H h L N S T

MIN. 0.1 0 0.4 0.23 15.8 9.4 13.9

MAX. 3.6 0.3 3.3 0.1 0.53 0.32 16 9.8 14.5

MIN. 0.004 0.000 0.016 0.009 0.622 0.370 0.547

MAX. 0.142 0.012 0.130 0.004 0.021 0.013 0.630 0.386 0.570

OUTLINE AND MECHANICAL DATA

1.27 11.43 10.9 5.8 0 15.5 0.8 11.1 0.429 2.9 6.2 0.228 0.1 0.000 15.9 0.610 1.1 1.1 0.031 10 (max.) 8 (max.) 10

0.050 0.450 0.437 0.114 0.244 0.004 0.626 0.043 0.043

JEDEC MO-166

0.394

(1) "D and F" do not include mold flash or protrusions. - Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.15 mm (0.006"). - Critical dimensions: "E", "G" and "a3"

PowerSO20

N a2 b e A

c DETAIL B a1 E DETAIL A

DETAIL A e3 H

lead

D a3 DETAIL B
20 11
Gage Plane 0.35

slug

-C-

S E2 T E1 BOTTOM VIEW

SEATING PLANE G C

(COPLANARITY)

E3
1 10

h x 45

PSO20MEC

D1

12/13

L298

Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specification mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics. The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics 2000 STMicroelectronics Printed in Italy All Rights Reserved STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia - Brazil - China - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong - India - Italy - Japan - Malaysia - Malta - Morocco Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - United Kingdom - U.S.A. http://www.st.com

13/13

Full-Featured E Series Multifunction DAQ 12 or 16-Bit, up to 1.25 MS/s, up to 64 Analog Inputs


Full-Featured E Series Multifunction DAQ

E Series Full-Featured
16 or 64 analog inputs at up to 1.25 MS/s, 12 or 16-bit resolution 2 analog outputs at up to 1 MS/s, 12 or 16-bit resolution 8 digital I/O lines (TTL/CMOS); two 24-bit counter/timers Analog and digital triggering 14 or 15 analog input signal ranges NI-DAQ driver simplifies configuration and measurements

Operating Systems
Windows 2000/NT/XP Real-time performance with LabVIEW (page 134) Others such as Linux and Mac OS X (page 187)

Recommended Software
LabVIEW LabWindows/CVI Measurement Studio VI Logger

Families
NI 6071E NI 6070E NI 6062E NI 6052E NI 6040E NI 6033E NI 6032E NI 6031E NI 6030E NI 6020E (only digital triggering)

Other Compatible Software


Visual Basic, C/C++, and C#

Driver Software (included)


NI-DAQ 7

Calibration Certificate Included


See page 21.

Family NI 6071E NI 6070E NI 6062E NI 6052E NI 6040E NI 6033E NI 6032E NI 6031E NI 6030E NI 6020E

Bus PCI, PXI PCI, PXI, FireWire PCMCIA PCI, PXI, FireWire PCI, PXI PCI PCI PCI, PXI PCI, PXI NI USB

Analog Inputs 64 SE/32 DI 16 SE/8 DI 16 SE/8 DI 16 SE/8 DI 16 SE/8 DI 64 SE/32 DI 16 SE/8 DI 64 SE/32 DI 16 SE/8 DI 16 SE/8 DI

Input Resolution 12 bits 12 bits 12 bits 16 bits 12 bits 16 bits 16 bits 16 bits 16 bits 12 bits

Max Sampling Rate 1.25 MS/s 1.25 MS/s 500 kS/s 333 kS/s 500 kS/s 100 kS/s 100 kS/s 100 kS/s 100 kS/s 100 kS/s

Input Range 0.05 to 10 V 0.05 to 10 V 0.05 to 10 V 0.05 to 10 V 0.05 to 10 V 0.1 to 10 V 0.1 to 10 V 0.1 to 10 V 0.1 to 10 V 0.05 to 10 V

Analog Outputs 2 2 2 2 2 0 0 2 2 2

Output Resolution 12 bits 12 bits 12 bits 16 bits 12 bits 16 bits 16 bits 12 bits

Output Rate 1 MS/s 1 MS/s 850 kS/s 333 kS/s 1 MS/s 100 kS/s 100 kS/s 20 S/s

Output Range 10 V 10 V 10 V 10 V 10 V 10 V 10 V 10 V

Digital I/O 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

Counter/Timers 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit 2, 24-bit

Triggers Analog, digital Analog, digital Analog, digital Analog, digital Analog, digital Analog, digital Analog, digital Analog, digital Analog, digital Digital

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

Table 1. NI Full-Featured E Series Model Guide (See page 228 for detailed specifications.)

Overview and Applications


NI Full-Featured E Series devices are the fastest and the most accurate multiplexed data acquisition devices available. They are ideal for applications ranging from continuous high-speed data logging to control applications to high voltage signal or sensor measurements when used with NI signal conditioning. Synchronize the operations of multiple devices using the RTSI bus or PXI trigger bus and easily integrate other hardware such as motion control and machine vision to create an entire measurement and control system.
Visit ni.com/oem for information on our quantity discounts for OEM customers.

Highly Accurate Hardware Design


NI Full-Featured E Series DAQ devices includethe following features and technologies: Temperature Drift Protection Circuitry Designed with components that minimize the effect of temperature changes on measurements to less than 0.0006% of reading per C. Resolution-Improvement Technologies Carefully designed noise floor maximizes resolution. Onboard Self-Calibration Precise voltage reference included for calibration and measurement accuracy. Self-calibration is completely software controlled, with no potentiometers to adjust. NI DAQ-STC Timing and control ASIC designed to provide more flexibility, lower power consumption, and a higher immunity to noise and jitter than off-the-shelf counter/timer chips.

National Instruments Tel: (800) 433-3488 Fax: (512) 683-9300 info@ni.com ni.com

199

Full-Featured E Series Multifunction DAQ 12 or 16-Bit, up to 1.25 MS/s, up to 64 Analog Inputs


Full-Featured E Series Multifunction DAQ
NI MITE ASIC designed to optimize data transfer for multiple simultaneous operations using bus mastering with three scattergather DMA channels for maximum performance of concurrent I/O operations. NI PGIA Measurement and instrument class amplifier that guarantees settling times at all gains. Typical commercial off-theshelf amplifier components do not meet the settling time requirements for high-gain measurement applications. PFI Lines Eight programmable function input (PFI) lines that can be used for software-controlled routing of interboard and intraboard digital and timing signals. RTSI or PXI Trigger Bus Used to share timing and control signals between devices and synchronize operations. RSE Mode In addition to differential and nonreferenced singleended modes, NI full-featured E Series devices offer referenced single-ended (RSE) mode for use with floating signal sources in applications with channel counts higher than eight. High-Performance Driver Engine Software-timed single-point input (typically used in control loops) with NI-DAQ achieves rates of up to 50 kHz. NI-DAQ also delivers maximum I/O system throughput with a multithreaded driver. Test Panels With NI-DAQ, you can test all of your device functionality before you begin development. Scaled Channels Easily scale your voltage data into the proper engineering units using the NI-DAQ Measurement Ready virtual channels by choosing from a list of common sensors and signals or creating your own custom scale. LabVIEW Integration All NI-DAQ functions use the waveform data type, which carries acquired data and timing information directly into more than 400 LabVIEW built-in analysis routines for display of results in engineering units on a graph.

Worldwide Support and Services


NI provides you with a wealth of resources to help you get your application up and running more quickly, including: Technical Support Purchase of NI hardware or software gives you access to application engineers all over the world as well as Web resources with more than 3,000 measurement examples and more than 9,000 KnowledgeBase entries. ni.com/support NI Factory Installation Services (FIS) Software and hardware installed in PXI and PXI/SCXI systems, tested and ready to use ni.com/advisor Calibration Includes NIST-traceable basic calibration certificates, services for ANSI/NCSL-Z540 and periodic calibration
ni.com/calibration

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

Onboard Temperature Sensor Included for monitoring the operating temperature of the device to ensure that it is operating within the specified range. Analog and Digital Triggering Only full-featured E Series devices provide the ability to set a trigger based on the level of an analog signal, in addition to the ability to trigger off an edge of a digital signal. More Input Ranges Up to 15 input ranges for optimal resolution, even for signals smaller than 50 mV.

High-Performance, Easy-to-Use Driver Software


NI-DAQ is the robust driver software that makes it easy to access the functionality of your data acquisition hardware, whether you are a beginning or advanced user. Helpful features include: Automatic Code Generation DAQ Assistant is an interactive guide that steps you through configuring, testing, and programming measurement tasks, and generating the necessary code automatically for use in LabVIEW, LabWindows/CVI, or Measurement Studio. Cleaner Code Development Basic and advanced software functions have been combined into one easy-to-use yet powerful set to help you build cleaner code and move from basic to advanced applications without replacing functions. Extended Warranty Meet project life-cycle requirements and maintain optimal performance in a cost-effective way
ni.com/services

Data Acquisition Training Instructor-led courses ni.com/training Professional Services Feasibility, consulting, and integration through our Alliance Partners ni.com/alliance
For more information on NI services and support, please visit ni.com/services For information on device support in NI-DAQ 7, visit ni.com/dataacquisition

200

National Instruments Tel: (800) 433-3488 Fax: (512) 683-9300 info@ni.com ni.com

Full-Featured E Series Multifunction DAQ 12 or 16-Bit, up to 1.25 MS/s, up to 64 Analog Inputs


Full-Featured E Series Multifunction DAQ
Models NI 6030E, NI 6031E, NI 6032E, NI 6033E Measurement Sensitivity* (mV) 0.0023 Nominal Range (V) Positive FS Negative FS 10 -10 1.147 5 -5 2.077 2.5 -2.5 2 -2 0.836 1 -1 0.422 0.5 -0.5 0.215 0.25 -0.25 0.2 -0.2 0.102 0.1 -0.1 0.061 0.05 -0.05 10 0 0.976 5 0 1.992 2 0 0.802 1 0 0.405 0.5 0 0.207 0.2 0 0.098 0.1 0 0.059 Full-Featured E Series NI 6052E NI 6070E, NI 6071E 0.0025 0.009 NI 6040E 0.008 Low-Cost E Series NI 6034E, NI 6036E NI 6023E, NI 6024E, NI 6025E 0.0036 0.008 Basic PCI-6013, PCI-6014 0.004 Absolute Accuracy (mV) 15.373 7.56 5.697 1.79 3.859 1.556 0.789 0.399 0.405 0.176 0.100 0.0611 7.269 5.645 2.271 1.146 0.583 0.247 0.135

4.747 0.876 1.190 0.479 0.243 0.137 0.064 0.035 1.232 2.119 0.850 0.428 0.242 0.111 0.059

14.369 5.193 3.605 1.452 0.735 0.379 0.163 0.091 6.765 5.391 2.167 1.092 0.558 0.235 0.127

16.504 5.263 0.846 0.106

8.984 2.003 0.471 0.069

Note: Accuracies are valid for measurements following an internal calibration. Measurement accuracies are listed for operational temperatures within 1 C of internal calibration temperature and 10 C of external or factory-calibration temperature. One-year calibration interval recommended. The Absolute Accuracy at Full Scale calculations were performed for a maximum range input voltage (for example, 10 V for the 10 V range) after one year, assuming 100 pt averaging of data.*Smallest detectable voltage change in the input signal at the smallest input range.

Table 2. E Series Analog Input Absolute Accuracy Specifications


Full-Featured E Series NI 6052E NI 6070E, NI 6071E Low-Cost E Series PCI-6036E PCI-6024E, NI 6025E, Basic NI 6013, NI 6014

Models Nominal Range (V) Positive FS Negative FS 10 -10 10 0

NI 6030E, NI 6031E, NI 6032E, NI 6033E

NI 6040E

1.43 1.201

1.405 1.176

8.127 5.685

Absolute Accuracy (mV) 8.127 2.417 5.685

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

8.127

3.835

Table 3. E Series Analog Output Absolute Accuracy Specifications

Recommended Accessories
Signal conditioning is required for sensor measurements or voltage inputs greater than 10 V. National Instruments SCXI is a versatile, high-performance signal conditioning platform, intended for highchannel-count applications. NI SCC products provide portable, flexible signal conditioning options on a per-channel basis. Both signal conditioning platforms are designed to increase the performance and reliability of your DAQ System, and are up to 10X more accurate than terminal blocks (please visit ni.com/sigcon for more details). Refer to the table below for more information:
Sensor/Signals (>10 V) System Description DAQ Device High performance PCI-60xxE, PXI-60xxE, DAQPad-60xxE Low-cost, portable PCI-60xxE, PXI-60xxE, DAQPad-60xxE Signals (<10 V)1 System Description Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Low-Cost Low-Cost Signal Conditioning SCXI SCC Page 270 251

Ordering Information
NI PXI-6071E ................................................................777676-01 NI PCI-6071E ................................................................777515-01 NI PXI-6070E ................................................................777060-01 NI PCI-6070E ................................................................777305-01 NI DAQPad-6070E for FireWire ..........................(See page 207) NI DAQCard-6062E ..............................................(See page 207) NI PXI-6052E ................................................................777962-01 NI PCI-6052E ................................................................777745-01 NI DAQPad-6052E for FireWire ..........................(See page 207) NI PXI-6040E ................................................................777484-01 NI PCI-6040E ................................................................777383-01 NI PCI-6033E ................................................................777516-01 NI PCI-6032E ................................................................777422-01 NI PXI-6031E ................................................................777636-01 NI PCI-6031E ................................................................777514-01 NI PXI-6030E ................................................................777555-01 NI PCI-6030E ................................................................777384-01 NI DAQPad-6020E for USB ..................................(See page 207)
Includes NI-DAQ driver software and calibration certificate.

DAQ Device Terminal Block PCI-60xxE/DAQPad-60xxE SCB-68 PXI-60xxE TB-2705 PCI-6071E/PCI-6033E/PCI-6031E SCB-100 PXI-6071E/PXI-6031E Two TBX-68s DAQPad-60xxE SCB-68 PCI-60xxE/PXI-60xxE/DAQPad-60xxE CB-68LP DAQCard-60xxE CB-68LP

Cable SH6868-EP SH6868-EP SH100100 SH1006868 SHC6868-EP R6868 RC6868

Page 214 214 214 214 214 214 214

For more information on warranty and value-added services, see page 20.

BUY ONLINE!
Visit ni.com/dataacquisition

1Terminal Blocks do not provide signal conditioning (ie. filtering, amplification, isolation, etc.), which may be necessary to increase the accuracy of your measurements.

Table 4. Recommended Accessories

National Instruments Tel: (800) 433-3488 Fax: (512) 683-9300 info@ni.com ni.com

201

16-Bit E Series Multifunction DAQ Specifications


16-Bit E Series Specifications

Specifications NI 6052E and NI 603xE


These specifications are typical for 25 C unless otherwise noted.

Analog Input
Accuracy specifications ................................... See page 228.

Input Characteristics
6052E 6030E 6032E 6034E 6036E 6031E 6033E Number of Channels 16 single-ended or 8 differential (software selectable per channel)

6052E 6030E 6032E 6034E 6036E 6031E 6033E

Inputs Protected AI<0..15>, AI SENSE

AI<0..63>, AI SENSE, AI SENSE2 512 samples, (1024 samples for DAQCard) DMA, interrupts, programmed I/O Interrupts, programmed I/O Scatter-gather (single transfer, demand transfer) 512 words

64 single-ended or 32 differential (software-selectable per channel)

Resolution......................................................... 16 bits, 1 in 65,536 6052E 6034E 6036E 6030E 6031E 6032E 6033E Input signal ranges Device 6052E Range Software Selectable 20 V 10 V 5V 2V 1V 500 mV 200 mV 100 mV 20 V 10 V 5V 4V 2V 1V 500 mV 400 mV 200 mV 100 mV 20 V 10 V 1V 100 mV DC Each input should remain within 11 V of ground 25 V 15 V Bipolar Input Range 10 V 5 V 2.5 V 1 V 500 mV 250 mV 100 mV 50 mV 10 V 5 V 2 V 1 V 500 mV 200 mV 100 mV 10 V 5 V 500 mV 50 mV Unipolar Input Range 0 to 10 V 0 to 5 V 0 to 2 V 0 to 1 V 0 to 500 mV 0 to 200 mV 0 to 100 mV 0 to 10 V 0 to 5 V 0 to 2 V 0 to 1 V 0 to 500 mV 0 to 200 mV 0 to 100 mV Maximum Sampling Rate 333 kS/s 200 kS/s 100 kS/s

FIFO buffer size ................................................ Data transfers PCI, PXI ...................................................... DAQCard .................................................... DMA modes PCI, PXI ...................................................... Configuration memory size ..............................

Transfer Characteristics
Relative accuracy (dithered) Device 6052E 6034E PCI-6036E 6030E 6031E 6032E 6033E DAQCard-6036E DNL Device 6052E 603xE (except DAQCard-6036E) DAQCard-6036E Typical 0.5 LSB Maximum 1 LSB Typical 1.5 LSB Maximum 3 LSB

0.75 LSB

1 LSB

3.0 LSB

6 LSB

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

6030E 6031E 6032E 6033E

1.0 LSB

+4, -2 LSB

No missing codes DAQCard 6036E ......................................... 15 bits, guaranteed Others ........................................................ 16 bits, guaranteed

Amplifier Characteristics
Input impedance Device 6052E 603xE Normal Powered On 100 G in parallel with 100 pF Powered Off 820 Overload 820

6034E 6036E

Input bias and offset current Device 6052E 6034E PCI-6036E 6030E 6031E 6032E 6033E DAQCard-6036E Bias Current 200 pA Offset Current 100 pA

Input coupling................................................... Maximum working voltage (signal + common mode) .......................... Overvoltage protection Powered on................................................ Powered off ...............................................

1 nA

2 nA

800 pA

100 pA

238

National Instruments Tel: (800) 433-3488 Fax: (512) 683-9300 info@ni.com ni.com

16-Bit E Series Multifunction DAQ Specifications


16-Bit E Series Specifications

Specifications NI 6052E and NI 603xE (continued)


CMRR, DC to 60 Hz CMRR Device 6052E Range 20 V 10 V 5V 2V 100 mV to 1 V 20 V 10 V 5V 4V 2V 1V 100 mV to 500 mV 20 V 10 V 1V 100 mV Bipolar (dB) 92 97 101 104 105 92 97 101 104 105 105 85 85 96 96 Unipolar (dB) 97 101 104 105 92 97 101 104 105

Analog Output
Output Characteristics
6052E 6030E 6031E 6036E 6032E, 6033E, 6034E Number of Channels 2 voltage outputs

6030E 6031E 6032E 6033E

None Resolution 16 bits, 1 in 65,536

6052E 6036E 6030E 6031E

6034E 6036E

Dynamic Characteristics
Bandwidth Device 6052E 6030E, 6031E, 6032E, 6033E 6034E, 6036E Range All ranges All ranges All ranges Small Signal (-3 dB) 480 kHz 255 kHz 413 kHz

6052E PCI-6036E 6030E 6031E DAQCard-6036

Maximum Update Rate 333 kS/s 10 kS/s, system dependent 100 kS/s 1 kS/s, system dependent

Type of DAC...................................................... Double buffered, multiplying 6052E, 6030E, 6031E 6036E FIFO Buffer Size 2,048 samples None

System noise (LSBrms, including quantization) Device 6052E Range 2 to 20 V 1V 500 mV 200 mV 100 mV 2 to 20 V 1V 400 to 500 mV 200 mV 100 mV 10 to 20 V 1V 100 mV 10 to 20 V Bipolar 0.95 1.1 1.3 2.7 5.0 0.6 0.7 1.1 2.0 0.8 1.0 6.2 1.5 Unipolar 0.95 1.1 1.3 2.7 5.0 0.8 0.8 1.1 2.0 3.8

Data transfers PCI, PXI ...................................................... DMA, interrupts, programmed I/O DAQCard .................................................... Interrupts, programmed I/O DMA modes PCI, PXI ...................................................... Scatter-gather (single transfer, demand transfer)

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

Transfer Characteristics
6052E 6030E 6031E 6036E Relative Accuracy 0.35 LSB typical, 1 LSB maximum 0.5 LSB typical, 1 LSB maximum 2 LSB maximum

6030E 6031E 6032E 6033E 6034E PCI-6036E DAQCard-6036E

Settling time to full-scale step Accuracy 0.00076% 0.0015% 0.0031% Range (0.5 LSB) (1 LSB) (2 LSB) 2 to 20 V 10 s max 5 s max 1V 15 s max 5 s max 200 to 500 mV 15 s max 10 s max 100 mV 15 s typical 10 s typical All 40 s max 20 s max All 1 to 20 V 100 mV 10 V 50 s max 25 s max 5 s max 5 s max 0.0061% 0.024% (4 LSB) (16 LSB) 4 s max 3 s max 4 s max 3 s max 4 s max 3 s max 4 s max 3 s max 10 s max 10 s max 5 s typical

DNL................................................................... 1.0 LSB maximum Monotonicity 6052E 16 bits, guaranteed 6036E 6030E 6031E

Voltage Output
6052E 6030E 6031E 6036E Ranges 10 V, 0 to 10 V, EXTREF, 0 to EXTREF; software selectable 10 V, 0 to 10 V; software selectable 10 V

Device 6052E

6030E 6032E 6031E 6033E 6034E 6036E DAQCard-6036E Crosstalk Device 6052E 603xE

Adjacent Channels -75 dB

All Other Channels -90 dB

Output coupling ................................................ DC Output impedance ............................................ 0.1 maximum Current drive..................................................... 5 mA maximum Protection ......................................................... Short-circuit to ground Power-On State 6052E 0 V (20 mV) 6030E 6031E PCI-6036E 0 V (44 mV) DAQCard-6036E 0 V (60 mV)

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239

16-Bit E Series Multifunction DAQ Specifications


16-Bit E Series Specifications

Specifications NI 6052E and NI 603xE (continued)


External reference input (6052E only) Range......................................................... Overvoltage protection .............................. Input impedance ........................................ Bandwidth (-3 dB)...................................... Slew rate ................................................... 11 V 25 V powered on, 15 V powered off 10 k 3 kHz 0.3 V/s

Triggers
Analog Triggers
6052E 6030E 6031E 6032E 6033E 6034E 6036E Number of Triggers 1

Dynamic Characteristics
Settling time and slew rate Device Settling Time For Full-Scale Step 6052E 3.5 s to 1 LSB accuracy 6030E 10 s to 1 LSB accuracy 6031E PCI-6036E 5 s to 1 LSB accuracy DAQCard-6036E 5 s to 4.5 LSB accuracy Noise 6052E 6030E 6031E PCI-6036E DAQCard-6036E Glitch energy (at mid-scale transition) Device 6052E PCI-6036E Magnitude 10 mV 10 mV Duration 1 s 1 s 60 Vrms, DC to 1 MHz Slew Rate 15 V/s 5 V/s 15 V/s 5 V/s

None

Purpose Analog input .............................................. Start and stop trigger, gate, clock Analog output ............................................ Start trigger, gate, clock General-purpose counter/timers ............... Source, gate 6052E 6030E 6032E 6031E 6033E Source AI<0..15>, PFI 0/AI START TRIG

110 Vrms, DC to 400 kHz 160 Vrms, DC to 400 kHz

AI<0..63>, PFI 0/AI START TRIG

Digital I/O Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning


Number of channels......................................... Compatibility .................................................... Power-on state ................................................. Data transfers .................................................. Digital logic levels Level Input low voltage Input high voltage Output low voltage (Iout = 5 mA) Output high voltage (Iout = -3.5 mA) 8 input/output 5 V/TTL/CMOS Input (high impedance) Programmed I/O Minimum 0.0 V 2.0 V 4.35 V Maximum 0.8 V 5.0 V 0.4 V

Level Internal source, AI<0..15/63>.................... External source, PFI 0/AI START TRIG ...... Slope................................................................. Resolution......................................................... Hysteresis......................................................... Bandwidth (-3 dB) Device 6052E PCI-6030E, PCI-6031E, 6032E, 6033E PXI-6030E, PXI-6031E

full-scale 10 V Positive or negative; software-selectable 12 bits, 1 in 4,096 Programmable Internal Source AI<O..15/63> 700 kHz 255 kHz 255 kHz External Source PFI O/AI START TRIG 700 kHz 4 MHz 255 kHz

Accuracy .......................................................... 1% of full-scale range maximum

Digital Triggers (all devices)


Purpose Analog input .............................................. Start and stop trigger, gate, clock Analog output ............................................ Start trigger, gate, clock General-purpose counter/timers ............... Source, gate Source............................................................... Compatibility .................................................... Response .......................................................... Pulse width....................................................... PFI <0..9>, RTSI <0..6> 5 VTTL Rising or falling edge 10 ns minimum

Timing I/O
General-Purpose Up/Down Counter/Timers
Number of channels Up/down counter/timers ........................... Frequency Scaler ....................................... Resolution Up/down counter/timers ........................... Frequency Scaler ....................................... Compatibility .................................................... Digital logic levels Base clocks available Up/down counter/timers ........................... Frequency Scaler ....................................... Base clock accuracy ......................................... Maximum external source frequency Up/down counter/timers ........................... External source selections ............................... External gate selections................................... Minimum source pulse duration ...................... Minimum gate pulse duration.......................... Data transfers PCI/PXI Up/down counter/timer................ DAQCard Up/down counter/timer............. Frequency Scaler ....................................... 2 1 24 bits 4 bits 5 VTTL/CMOS

20 MHz and 100 kHz 10 MHz and 100 kHz 0.01% 20 MHz PFI <0..9>, RTSI <0..6>, analog trigger; software selectable PFI <0..9>, RTSI <0..6>, analog trigger; software selectable 10 ns, edge-detect mode 10 ns, edge-detect mode DMA (scatter-gather), interrupts, programmed I/O Interrupts, programmed I/O Programmed I/O

240

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16-Bit E Series Multifunction DAQ Specifications


16-Bit E Series Specifications

Specifications NI 6052E and NI 603xE (continued)


External Input for Digital or Analog Trigger (PFI 0/AI START TRIG)
(6052E, 6033E, 6032E, 6031E, 6030E only) Impedance ........................................................ Coupling............................................................ Protection Digital trigger ............................................ Analog trigger On/off/disabled................................... 10 k DC -0.5 to Vcc + 0.5 V 35 V

Power Requirements1
Device PCI-6052E, PXI-6052E 6030E, 6031E, 6032E, 6033E 6034E PCI-6036E DAQCard-6036E +5 VDC (5%) 1.3 A 1.5 A 0.9 A 300 mA Power Available at I/O Connector +4.65 to +5.25 VDC, 1 A +4.65 to +5.25 VDC, 1 A +4.65 to +5.25 VDC, 1 A +4.65 to +5.25 VDC, 0.75 A

Calibration
Recommended warm-up time.......................... 15 minutes; 30 minutes for DAQCard Calibration Interval........................................... 1 year Onboard calibration reference 6052E, 6030E. 6031E, 6032E, 6033E 6034E, 6036E DC Level 5.000 V (1.0 mV) Over full operating temperature, actual value stored in EEPROM

DAQPad-6052E ................................................. 20W @ 9-24 VDC

Physical1
Dimensions (not including connectors)1
PCI..................................................................... PXI..................................................................... DAQCard........................................................... DAQPad ............................................................ PCI-6052E 6030E 6032E 6034E PCI-6036E 6031E 6033E DAQCard-6036E DAQPad-6052E 17.5 by 10.6 cm (6.9 by 4.2 in.) 16.0 by 10.0 cm (6.3 by 3.9 in.) Type II PC Card 30.7 by 25.4 by 4.3 cm (12.1 by 10 by 1.7 in.)

5.000 V (3.5 mV)

Temperature Coefficient 6052E, 6030E, 0.6 ppm/C max 6031E, 6032E, 6033E 6034E, 6036E 5.0 ppm/C max Long-Term Stability 6.0 ppm/ 1000 h

I/O Connectors 68-pin male SCSI-II type

100-pin female 0.050 D-type 68-position VHDCI female 68-pin male SCSI-II type, or 15 BNCs and 30 removeable screw terminals

6052E, 6030E 6031E, 6032E, 6033E 6034E, 6036E

15.0 ppm/ 1000 h

RTSI
Trigger lines PCI.............................................................. 7 DAQPad...................................................... 4

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

Environment
Operating temperature 6052E, 6036E, 6034E........................................ 6030E, 6031E, 6032E, 6033E............................ Storage temperature ........................................ Relative humidity ............................................. 0 to 55 C 0 to 50 C -20 to 70 C 10 to 90%, noncondensing

PXI Trigger Bus (PXI only)


Trigger lines...................................................... 6 Star trigger ....................................................... 1

Bus Interface
PCI, PXI ............................................................. Master, slave DAQCard........................................................... Slave DAQPad ............................................................ Master, slave, asynchronous, 400 Mb/s

Certifications and Compliances


CE Mark Compliance
1See

page 134 for RT Series device power requirements and physical parameters.

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241

Multifunction DAQ Cable and Accessory Selection Guides


Cables and Accessories Selection Guides

NI Cable Design Advantages


The SH68-68-EP cable is the most commonly used E Series and S Series cable. The cable is designed to work specifically with the NI Multifunction DAQ devices to preserve signal integrity through these technologies:

Seperate digital and analog sections

Twisted pairs for critical digital I/O

Individually-shielded twisted pairs for all analog inputs

Large (20 AWG) conductor for +5V Lines

Figure 2. NI offers a wide variety


Double ground shield Individually-shielded analog outputs PVC jacket

of cable and accessory options, such as the SH68-68-EP cable and the BNC-2110 terminal block.

Figure 1. SH68-68-EP Cable

A variety of cabling and accessory options are available for your needs. Use the following tables to choose the most appropriate cables and accessories. To determine which Multifunction DAQ device best fits your needs, please see page 189.

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

Platform PCI/PXI/USB/FireWire

Shielding Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Unshielded Unshielded

Connect to ... SCC portable signal conditioning per channel SCXI high-performance signal conditioning Screw terminals 1 BNC terminal block 50-pin connector Configurable connectivity box Screw terminals 1 50-pin connector Front-mounted screw terminals Screw 50-pin connector Screw terminals 1 50-pin connector terminals 1

Cable SH68-68-EP SCXI-1349 SH68-68-EP or SH68-68R1-EP SH68-68-EP SH6850 SH68-68-EP R6868 R6850 N/A SHC68-68-EP or SHC68-68-EP or SHC68U-68-EP 2 RC68-68 RC68-68 SHC68U-68-EP 2

Adapter 68M-50F MIO

Accessory SC-2345 and modules, page 251 SCXI Chassis and Modules, page 270 SCB-68 BNC-2110, BNC-2120, BNC-2090 CB50, custom or 3rd party CA-1000, page 351 TBX-68, CB-68LP, CB-68LPR, DAQ signal accessory CB50, custom or 3rd party TB-2705 SCB-68, CA-1000 CB50, custom or 3rd party TBX-68, CB-68LP, CB-68LPR, DAQ signal accessory CB50, custom or 3rd party

PXI only Shielded PCMCIA Shielded Shielded Unshielded Unshielded


1 Unshielded

68M-50F MIO

cables can connect to shielded accessories and vice-versa. 2 In adjacent PCMCIA slots, both cables types are required because the same cable would cause mechanical hindrance.

Table 1. Cable Connection Specifications for 16-Channel E Series Devices and Basic Multifunction DAQ (except NI 6025E, which is on the next page)

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Multifunction DAQ Cable and Accessory Selection Guides


Cables and Accessories Selection Guides
AI 0AI 1+ AI 1 GND AI 2AI 3+ AI 3 GND NC NC NC NC NC NC AO 0 AO 0 EXT REF P0.4 D GND P0.1 P0.6 D GND +5 V D GND D GND PFI 0/AI START PFI 1/REF TRIG D GND +5 V D GND PFI 5/AO SAMP PFI 6/AO START D GND PFI 9/CTR 0 GATE CTR 0 OUT F OUT 34 68 33 67 32 66 31 65 30 64 29 63 28 62 27 61 26 60 25 59 24 58 23 57 22 56 21 55 20 54 19 53 18 52 17 51 16 50 15 49 14 48 13 47 12 46 11 45 10 44 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 AI 0+ AI 0 GND AI 1AI 2+ AI 2 GND AI 3NC NC NC NC NC NC NC AO GND AO GND D GND P0.0 P0.5 D GND P0.2 P0.7 P0.3 AI HOLD EXT STROBE D GND PFI 2/AI CONV PFI 3/CTR 1 SRC PFI 4/CTR1 GATE CTR 1 OUT D GND PFI 7/AI SAMP PFI 8/CTR 0 SRC D GND D GND No connects for boards that do not support AO or use an external reference with the SH1006868 cable. AI 8 AI 1 AI GND AI 10 AI 3 AI GND AI 4 AI GND ACH13 ACH6 AIGND ACH15 AO 01 AO 11 EXT REF1 P0.4 D GND P0.1 P0.6 D GND +5 V D GND D GND PFI 0/AI START PFI 1/REF TRIG D GND +5 V D GND PFI 5/AO SAMP PFI 6/AO START DGND PFI 9/CTR 0 GATE CTR 0 OUT F OUT 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 AI 0 AI GND AI 9 AI 2 AI GND AI 11 AI SENSE AI 12 AI 5 AI GND AI 14 AI 7 AI GND AO GND AO GND D GND P0.0 P0.5 D GND P0.2 P0.7 P0.3 AI HOLD EXT STROBE D GND PFI 2/AI CONV PFI 3/AI CTR 1 SRC PFI 4/AI CTR 1 GATE CTR 1 OUT D GND PFI 7/AI SAMP PFI 8/CTR 0 SRC D GND D GND
1

AI GND AI GND AI 0 AI 8 AI 1 AI 9 AI 2 AI 10 AI 3 AI 11 AI 4 AI 12 AI 5 AI 13 AI 6 AI 14 AI 7 AI 15 AI SENSE AO 0 AO 1 EXT REF AO GND D GND P0.0 P0.4 P0.1 P0.5 P0.2 P0.6 P0.3 P0.7 D GND +5 V +5 V AI HOLD EXT STROBE PFI 0/AI START PFI 1/REF TRIG PFI 2/AI CONV PFI 3/CTR 1 SRC PFI 4/CTR 1 GATE CTR 1 OUT PFI 5/AO SAMP PFI 6/AO START PFI 7/AI SAMP PFI 8/CTR 0 SRC PFI 9/CTR 0 GATE CTR 0 OUT F OUT

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

AI 16 AI 24 AI 17 AI 25 AI 18 AI 26 AI 19 AI 27 AI 20 AI 28 AI 21 AI 29 AI 22 AI 30 AI 23 AI 31 AI 32 AI 40 AI 33 AI 41 AI 34 AI 42 AI 35 AI 43 AI SENSE 2 AI GND AI 36 AI 44 AI 37 AI 45 AI 38 AI 46 AI 39 AI 47 AI 48 AI 56 AI 49 AI 57 AI 50 AI 58 AI 51 AI 59 AI 52 AI 60 AI 53 AI 61 AI 54 AI 62 AI 55 AI 63

AI GND AI GND AI 0 AI 8 AI 1 AI 9 AI 2 AI 10 AI 3 AI 11 AI 4 AI 12 AI 5 AI 13 AI 6 AI 14 AI 7 AI 15 AI SENSE AO 0 AO 1 NC AO GND D GND P0.0 P0.4 P0.1 P0.5 P0.2 P0.6 P0.3 P0.7 D GND +5 V +5 V AI HOLD EXT STROBE PFI 0/AI START PFI 1/REF TRIG PFI 2/AI CONV PFI 3/CTR 1 SRC PFI 4/CTR 1 GATE CTR 1 OUT PFI 5/AO SAMP PFI 6/AO START PFI 7/AI SAMP PFI 8/CTR 0 SRC PFI 9/CTR 0 GATE CTR 0 OUT F OUT

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

P2.7 GND P2.6 GND P2.5 GND P2.4 GND P2.3 GND P2.2 GND P2.1 GND P2.0 GND P1.7 GND P1.6 GND P1.5 GND P1.4 GND P1.3 GND P1.2 GND P1.1 GND P1.0 GND P0.7 GND P0.6 GND P0.5 GND P0.4 GND P0.3 GND P0.2 GND P0.1 GND P0.0 GND +5 V GND

Data Acquisition and Signal Conditioning

Figure 3. I/O Connector for 16-Channel Figure 2. S Series Devices Connector E Series and Basic Multifunction DAQ Devices, except NI 6025E

Figure 4. I/O Connector for 64-Channel E Series Devices

Figure 5. I/O Connector for the NI 6025E Device

E Series Devices (NI 6031E, NI 6033E, NI 6071E, NI 6025E)


Platform PCI, PXI Shielding Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Shielded Unshielded Unshielded
1 Shielded

Connect to ... Screw terminals Screw terminals Screw terminals 1 Screw terminals 1 BNC terminal block 50-pin connectors 50-pin connector

Cable SH100100 SH1006868 SH1006868 SH1006868 SH1006868 SH1006868 SH1006868 SH1006868 SH1006868 R1005050 R1005050

Cable Leg MIO: Extended: MIO: Extended: MIO: Extended: MIO: Extended: MIO: Extended:

Adapter 68M-50F MIO 68M-50F Extended

Accessory SCB-100 SCB-68 SCB-68 TBX-68, CB-68LP, CB-68LPR, DAQ signal accessory TBX-68, CB-68LP, CB-68LPR BNC-2110, BNC-2120, BNC-2090 BNC-2115 Custom or 3rd party Custom or 3rd party Custom or 3rd party Custom or 3rd party

cable with unshielded accessories

Table 2. Cable Connection Specifications for 64-Channel E Series Devices and the NI 6025E

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213

Canal
USBNI

Dnomination
Gmain GV1 GV2 GV3 GV4 Pompeextrieure Vanneintrieure Pompeintrieure Vanneextrieure LancerInstallation Pext Pint MFC1 MFC2 MFC1 MFC2

Dscription
ConnectsurlerelaisNr.1pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.2pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.3pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.4pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.5pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.6pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.7pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.8pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.9pourallimentation0/24V ConnectsurlerelaisNr.10pourallimentation0/24V Pressiondelachambreextrieure Pressiondelachambreintrieure MesureduDbit MesureduDbit ConsignedeDbit ConsignedeDbit

Signal
0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 010V 010V 05V 05V 05V 05V

Digital
DO.0 DO.1 DO.2 DO.3 DO.4 DO.5 DO.6 DI/DO.7 DI/DO.8 DI/DO.9

AnalogIN
AI.0 AI.1 AI.2 AI.3

AnalogOUT
AO.0 AO.1 NIPCI1

AnalogIN
AI.0 AI.1 MFC3 MFC4 MesureduDbit MesureduDbit 05V 05V

AnalogOUT
AO.0 AO.1 NIPCI2 MFC3 MFC4 Sens Enable Enable Sens Enable VCO1 VCO2 ConsignedeDbit ConsignedeDbit Choixdusensmoteur1 EnableMoteur1 EnableVCO1 ChoixsensMoteur2 EnableMoteur2 EnableVCO2 TensionpourvarierfrquenceVCO TensionpourvarierfrquenceVCO 05V 05V 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 0ou1 05V 05V

DIgital
D0.0 D0.1 D0.2 D0.3 D0.4 D0.5

AnalogOUT
AO.0 AO.1