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# 20 12 u 2 -

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JJ[ST OF PHYSICAL CONSTANTS
Speed of light in free space
Permeability of free wace
' : !
Permittivity of free
.:.;
c
f-lo
:.: ;.
' Ana -.
""' ,: ... o . ,.
_
2J.f!:i
3.00x 10
8
ms
1
4rc x 10-
7
H m
1
' 8.85 x 10-
12
F m
1
1.60x 10-
19
C
; r_-. _,._,
, , , ,1l _;

. i. l ,.h'!i,l Ll! :-- ?>'.:i.:,'i.J';
oj f'd'" "" H !; "'""
r ' i ,, II
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i -rt>
n
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i "'.._ -. ... f.,,, ...
......... .. --._. .....
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1.
2.
3.
! .
I'
- 3 -
When a potential difference of 2 V is
applied across a resistor, 10 J of energy are
converted to thermal energy. What charge
flows through the resistor?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
20C
'
C-ID
!
n.:.E
I
L1
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. t
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Item 4 refers to the following diagram.

. I
toward upper plate
1 .
( i
; !
l
. '
' . t.
'lh\
: I
1.. . ...
. . i
"'i .... !
:1 l
i I
I t.
I l
Gp ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
6.
7.
8.
-4-
The work done per unit charge in bringing
a small positive charge from infinity to a
point is the definition of
(A) electric potential
(B) potential energy
(D) electric field strength
What is the electric potential 25 em from
a point charge of 6 x 1 Q-
8
C?
(A) 0.22 kV
(B) 2.2 kV
(C) 22.0 kV
(D) 220.0 kV
A capacitor of capacitance, C, is made
using two parallel metal plates separated
by 1 mm in air. The area of overlap of the
plates is 20 cm
2
If the distance between
the plates is increased to 2 mm and the area
of overlap of the plates is halved, what is
its new capacitance?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
C/4
C/2
2C
4C
9.
10.
The diagram shows two capacitors of
different capacitances, C
1
and C
2
, connected
in parallel to a d. c. source.
c,l
I
c,l
T
Which statement is correct?
(A) The effective capacitance
clcz
C= C+C
1 2
(B) The charges on the capacitors are
equal.
(C) The energy stored by the two
capacitors is the same.
(D) The potential difference across
each capacitor is the same.
Which of the following units is equivalent
to the tesla?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
NA
1
m
NC-
1
ms
1
vm-
1
s
NC-
1
m-
1
s
11. Which of the following diagrams shows the correct direction of the forces on two wires carrying
current in opposite directions?
(A) (B)
(C)
(D) F
t
F
t
I
~ - T ~ n . rrnn 1\.n::rYT PAGE/
12.
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Item 12 refers to the following diagram.
A conductor oflength 0.10 misplaced in a
magnetic field of9 mT at an angle of 60 to
the field direction. It has a current of 2A.
Calculate the force on the conductor due to
the field.
(A) 8 X I0-
4
N
(B) 9 X I0-
4
N
(C) 1.6 X 10-
3
N
(D) 1.8 X I0-
3
N
Item 13 refers to the: following diagram
in which conductors P and Q are carrying
current into the plane of the paper.
magnetic field to the right
13. What is the direction of the resultant force
on. P when the magnetic field shown is
switched on?
(A) I
(B) II
(C) III
(D) IV
14.
Item 14 refers to the following diagram.
Laminated core
The iron core of the transformer in the
diagram above is laminated because
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
it can be more easily magnitized
and demagni tized
lamination increases the magnetic
flux of the core
lamination increases the surface
area and the induced e.m.f. in
the coils
it minimizes the circulation of
induced currents in the core
I GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
- 6-
15. The diagrams below show a bar magnet being inserted or withdrawn from a solenoid. In which
diagram is the current flow correct?
~ M o t i o n
~ M o t i o n
(A)
sl
(B)
Is
I
I
~ M o t i o n
~ M o t i o n
sl
(D)
Is
(C)
I
I
16. A. C. may be represented by the following 18. In which of the circuits below is
equation, I = I
0
sin cot. I
0
is the capacitor connected to give
a smooth rectified output voltage
(A) r.m.s. current across the load (R)?
(B) peak current
(C) instantaneous current (A)
(D) average current
R
a.c.
rv
supply
Item 17 refers to the following diagram.
100
(B)
50
(C)
50
R
a. c.
rv
17. What is the current in the 1 OQ resistor?
supplyl
(A) OA
~ c
(B) 2A
(D)
(C) 6A
R
(D) lOA
a. c.
rv
supplyl
I GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
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19. Which of the following diagrams shows the correct arrangement for a full wave rectifier circuit?
Input Input
(A) (B)
Input Input
(C) (D)
20. An example of an INPUT transducer is a
(A) relay
(B) buzzer
(C) thermistor
(D) light-emitting diode
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21.
- 8-
Items 21-22 refer to the following diagram which shows an amplifier.
50 !ill
IfV = + 9 V, what is the value ofV when the input voltage is 1.2 V?
s - out
(A) -12 V
(B) -9 V
(C) 10 v
(D) 13 V
22. The values for the resistors may be changed. Which of the following pairs of values for R
1
and
R
2
would give the amplifier the LARGEST bandwidth?
Rl
~
(A) 10kn 100k0
(B) 20kn 300kn
(C) 30kn 90kn
(D) 40kn sokn
23. An operational amplifier circuit has a gain of 10
3
and a bandwidth of 10
3
Hz. What is the
approximate bandwidth when the gain is reduced to 1 0?
(A) 10 Hz
(B) 10
3
Hz
(C) 10
5
Hz
(D) 10
7
Hz
eo ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
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Item 24 refers to the following diagram where V
1
and V
2
are input signals.
:>---41.,._---o V out
ov
24. are the possible values ofR
1
, if the output voltage, Vout = - (3V
1
+ 4V
2
)?
Rl

(A) 200kQ 150k.O 600k.O
(B) 200k.O 400k.O 600k.O
(C) 300kQ 400kQ lOOk.O
(D) 300kQ 400kQ 700kQ
Item 25 refers to the following diagram.
SOOkQ
Vin=400mV
p
4.0kQ

ro
25. From the information given in the operational amplifier circuit above, determine the magnitude
of the current through the feedback resistor.
(A) 0.5
(B) 8.0 J-LA
(C) 0.1 rnA
(D) 8.0 rnA
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02238010/CAPE 2012
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Item 26 refers to the following diagrams.
10 k!l
5 k!l
!
Output
voltage
vo
Figure 1
Figure 2
e6. The sinusoidal alternating voltage shown in Figure 2 is applied to the input of the operational
amplifier shown in Figure 1. The voltage of the power supply is 15 V.
Which of the following graphs correctly shows the variation of the output voltage with time?
(A)
(B)
V
0
(V)
Vo(V)
+15
+6
t(ms) 4
:7 t(ms)
-15
-6
(C) (D)
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12238010/CAPE 2012
I
- 11-
27. Which of the following shows the correct NOR gate equivalent of the given logic gate?
28.
Logic gate Equivalent
(A) NOT
(B) OR
(C) AND
(D) EX-NOR
Items 28-29 refer to the following diagram which shows a quad-NAND circuit board connected
to a 6V supply. It has an indicator diode connected to each output.
6V
ov
If wires are connected as shown, which
indicators will be on?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
I and III
I and IV
II and III
II and IV
29. With inputs I
1
and I
2
and output Q, the
whole circuit could be replaced by
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
an OR gate
anAND gate
a NOR gate
anEXORgate
O ' J ' J ~ ~ o 1 otr A PP ')til,.,
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.. 30.
- 12-
Two four-bit binary numbers are fed into the inputs X andY of an OR gate. The numbers are
represented by the pulse trains in the V-t diagrams below.
V'f'
x - ~ - - - u
~ t
vh....., ' ~ ~ z
yl u u ~ t
Which of the following pulse trains represents the output pulse from the OR gate?
(A)
Vt
n___ru ___,.,
(B)
v1'
I
U__,,
(C)
v1'
I I_,.
(D)
v1'
I
n__,.
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
02238010/CAPE 2012
- 13-
Item 31 refers to the diagram below which shows a photocell, consisting of an anode A and a
cathode, C, inside an evacuated glass tube, connected to an ammeter, voltmeter and a variable
d.c. power supply.
A
uv
~ - - - - ~ v ~ - - - - ~
+
Variable
supply
31. When the photocell is illuminated with ultraviolet light and photoelectrons are emitted,
corresponding current and voltage values are plotted. Which graph correctly shows the relationship
between I and V?
(A)
I (C) I
(B)
I
(D)
32. Which scientist proposed a quantum theory to explain the photoelectric effect?
(A) Planck
(B) Rutherford
(C) Einstein
(D) Millikan
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02238010/CAPE 2012
33.
34.
- 14-
In an experiment investigating the photo
electric emissions from a metal, the
stopping potential was found to be 3.0 V
when light of frequency 7.5 x 10
14
Hz was
used.
What is the work function of the metal?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
5.0 X 10
19
J
9.8 X I0-
19
J
3.3 X 10-zo J
1.7 X 1Q20 J
What is the linear absorption coefficient of
a material of thickness 10 em that reduces
the incident X-ray intensity to half of its
original value?
(A) -0.693
(B) 0.693
(C) -6.93
(D) 6.93
35. An experiment to investigate the
photoelectric effect was performed and a
graph of energy of photoelectrons versus
frequency of incident radiation plotted as
shown below.
Energy
of
photoelectrons
/
/
/
I
Frequency (f)
If e is electronic charge, Vs is stopping
potential, fis the frequency, m is the mass
of an electron and his the Planck constant,
then the gradient of the graph is
(A) h
(B) elm
(C) hmle
(D) hie
0223 801 0/CAPE 2012
36.
37.
Which of the following demonstrate
the particle nature of electromagnetic
(A) Interference and polarisation
(B) Emission spectra and reflection
(C) Photoelectric effect and absorption
(D)
spectra .
~ - d e c a y of nuclei and electron
diffraction
Which two scientists conducted an
experiment which proves that the nucleus
of an atom is very small and positively
charged?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Davisson and Germer
Moseley and Einstein
Michelson and Morley
Geiger and Marsden
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. '
- 15-
Item 38 is about Millikan's oil drop experiment which is depicted in the diagram below.
o--------,-------
Plates connected
to power supply
0
0
I
Hole where oil
spray enters
0
0
c:=J::::J
Microscope
Illuminated oil drops
38. Which statement about the behaviour of the oil drops during the experiment is correct?
(A) When an oil drop is stationary, it must carry a charge.
(B) When an oil drop becomes charged, the size of the charge must equal e.
(C) When an oil drop moves upwards, only the electric force is acting on it.
(D) When no electric field acts, all drops move downwards with the same constant velocity.
39. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) The mass of a nucleus is less than the total mass of its separate constituent nucleons.
(B) The mass of a nucleus is greater than the total mass of its separate constituent nucleons.
(C) The binding energy per nucleon of atoms is a constant as atomic mass is varied.
(D) The binding energy per nucleon increases as the atomic mass of the atom increases.
1
Pb decays by two beta particles and one alpha particle. What is the resulting
nuclide?
(A)
2o3 Pb
82
(B)
201 Pb
82
(C)
201 Po
84
(D)
211p
0
84
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02238010/CAPE 2012
- 16-
41.
42.
When a radioactive nucleus decays an
amount of energy, E, is released. At the
same time, a small amount of mass, m,
is lost. Which of the following gives the
amount of energy released?
(A)
1
E=-mc
2
1 2
(B)
E= 2mc
(C) E=mc
(D) E=mc
2
The activity of a radioactive source is the
(A) intensity of the radiation emitted
(C) number of disintegrations per
second
(D) number of types of radiation
coming from the source
43. The following statements refer to radioactive
decay.
I. It is a random process.
II. It is a spontaneous process.
III. It is dependent on the chemical
elements.
IV. It increases with temperature.
Which of the above statements are TRUE?
(A) I and II only
(B) II and IV only
(C) III and IV only
(D) I, II and IV only
44.
45.
ENDOFTEST
material gives a count rate of 8000 counts
per minute. After twenty days, it gives a
count rate of 500 counts per minute. What
is the half-life of the material?
(A) 4 days
(B) 5 days
(C) 20 days
(D) 80 days
In medicine, radioactive isotopes are often
used as tracers to help in locating blockages
in the human body. Which of the following
isotopes would be MOST suitable for such
an application?