Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 36

Congressional Research Service

The Library of Congress

Washmgton, D.C. 20540

TRILATERAL COMMISSION
IP0092

In response t o numerous i n q u i r i e s r e l a t i n g t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l
Commission, we have assembled t h e enclosed m a t e r i a l s . This packet
includes background information on t h e Commission, a l i s t i n g of
i t s members, a r t i c l e s regarding t h e influence of t h e Commission,
and a bibliography of p u b l i c a t i o n s by and about t h e Commission.

Many of t h e items i n t h e bibliography may be a v a i l a b l e a t a


l o c a l p u b l i c o r school l i b r a r y .

We hope t h i s information i s helpful.

Congressional Reference
Division

A l l m a t e r i a l s a r e r e p r i n t e d with permission of t h e copyright claimants.


We've Been Asked Who serves on the commission?
Among the 76 U.S. members are 8
congressmen, 3 state and local gov-
ernment officials, 17 businessmen, 13
academicians, 7 bankers and finan-
ciers, 10 officials of nonprofit organi-
zations and institutes, 7 lawyers, 4
trade-union officials, 3 journalists or
Campaign attacks on George Bush The full commission gathers once a media executives and 1 representa-
and John Anderson for membership year for several days, rotating the tive of agriculture interests. Cornrnis-
on the Trilateral Commission again meetings among the three areas rep- sion members who join the executive
are putting the spotlight on a contro- resented. The annual meetings are branch of government must resign,
versial international organization. closed to the media and public and but they often rejoin when their offi-
Conservative critics claim that the are reported in a quarterly magazine cial service ends.
commission constitutes a conspiracy published by the commission. What .bout conspiracy charges?
seeking to gain control of the US. This year's meeting was held in George Bush, who resigned from
government and to create a new London March 23-25. The program, the organization in 1978, says: "To
world order. underscoring the importance the suggest that those that belong to the
Bush and Anderson are not the British attach to the group, included commission . . . are involved in a con-
only presidential aspirants with Trila- dinner with Prince Philip, a recep- spiracy is absurd." Reagan loyalist
teralist links. An adviser on Ronald tion with Prime Minister Margaret Weinberger, who describes himself
Reagan's team, former Secretary of Thatcher and speeches by former as "very conservative," says "the Tri-
Health, Education and Welfare Cas- Prime Minister James (Lhghan and lateral Commission is performing a
par Weinberger, is a member. Presi- Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington. very valuable service in strengthen-
dent Carter also was in the organiza- Who finances the commbrion? ing ties between the U.S. and our
tion before. his election, as were The North Americaxi share of the natural allies."
nearly 20 present or former top current three-year budget totals 1.67 How influenthl is the commission
members of his administration. million dollars. Of this, $644,000 in shaping g o
- policy?
What is the commission? comes from foundations, $530,000 Its voice is undoubtedly heard. Be-
It is a group of 275 prominent busi- from corporations, $220,000 from in- sides Carter, former Trilateralists in-
nessmen, labor leaders, scholars, dividuals and $84,000 from invest- clude Vice President Mondale, Sec-
statesmen and politicians from the ment income. The Rockefeller name retary of State Cyrus Vance,
world's three major non-Communist is conspicuous on the list of donors: Secretary of Defense Harold Brown
industrialized regions-North Arneri- $180,000 from the Rockefeller and Brzezinski-the entire foreign-
ca, Western Europe and Japan. Brothers Fund, $100,000 from the policy and national-security team.
What are its goals? Rockefeller Foundation, $150,000 Still, foreign-affairs experts make
The commission's avowed aim is to from David Rockefeller's personal this argument: The policies pursued
increase political and economic co- funds. There is no government mon- by the Carter administration have
operation among the three regions. ey involved. produced results that conflict with
This is done by analyzing major is- How are members of the commls- the commission's goals of closer coop-
sues of common interest and devel- don chosen? eration among the non-Communist
oping practical proposals to deal with An 11-member American execu- industrial regions and between this
these problems. The commission has tive committee nominates candi- group and the Third World. Rela-
published 20 reports, covering such dates for the North American delega- tions between the U.S. and its indus-
topics as energy, East-West relations tion. Nominations are made on the trialized allies, these experts say,
and economics. basis of interest in international af- have frayed seriously over the past
When and how did it start? fairs but with an attempt to strike a three years, and ties with a number
David Rockefeller, head of Sew balance among areas of the country of Third World nations-such as
York's Chase Manhattan Bank, con- and professions. Iran-have rarely been worse.
vened a meeting of leaders from the
three regions in 1972 to discuss a Three Trilateralists in the Presidential Race
plan "to bring the best brains in the
world to bear on problems of the fu-
ture." As an upshot of the meeting,
the Trilateral Commission was
founded 11. 1973. Its first full-time di-
rector: Zbigniew Brzezinski, now
Carter's national-security adviser.
How is it organized?
A 35-member executive commit-
tee manages the group's activities
between annual meetings. There are
three headquarters-New York, Par-
is and Tokyo-each with a small, full-
time staff. Rockefeller is chairman of Bush "" Anderson ? Carter
the North American section. Republican candidates George Bush and John Anderson md Democrat Jimmy Car-
When and where does it meet? ter are present or fonnew m b o n of the Trilateral Comrnlssion.

U.S.NEWS & WORLD REPORT. A p r ~ l7 . 1980

2
Big Tycoons
A Plan for How the
By William Greida
~~or(onPMIt.iiOMtg
When David Rockefeller's Tri-
lateral Cornmiasion came to
Washington lost week and
called upon the Cartu admini,
Ou&t to RUII,If Only .
TRILATERAL, From A1 first place. The members are drawn
.. i:

tration, it was like the nest r e promising politiciw and a light from the leading industrial and finan-
turning to the SPMIRI. cial and intellectual empires of the
spri~ikling of trade unionists drawn
President Carter, an la-%
lateralist himself, p m t e d hir from three continent& This has stirnu- noncommunist world - Citibank and
lattd much spooky theorizing about Fiat m d Nippon Steel, Oxford and
former brethren in the East
Room with praise so generous a Rockefeller shadow world govern- Harvard and Tokyo Univemity, Coca-
. that it was mildly tmbarraab ment, a floating establishment con- Cola and Barclays of London and Mit-
fng to some. subishi. Their meetings are all in pri-
Sptracy to run everything. In some
"I was dumbfounded by same circles of fervid political imagination, vate, presumably to stimulate franker
of the things he said," said a . discussion, but perhaps also to en-
Trilateral srecutiva "I would the "Trilateral connection" is short-
love to get permission to quota hand for ~ u o m t on
s a string, respond- hance the mystique of importance.
him in our fund-nirinp." ing to a secret agenda. At the Washington sessions, a num-
This ir taiibly off-th- The reality, alas, is less dramatic. ber d participants noted how r e
like all Trilateral discuaaiona. On paper, they run the world. But. in strained and defensive the Trilateral-
but Carter, told the 200 moven the flesh, the Trilateralists get tp b were with one another, tiptoeing
and sheken from America, ac+ gether and mostly talk about how tbe around the m a i n s and differences
t a n Europe and J a w that, Sf world out to run, if oqly the world among themselver
the Trilateral Commission had would moperate.
This humble little secret slipped out The Japanese were defensive about.
been in businem after World their trade surpluses. The' Americans
War I, the world might have from under the mirror-paneled doors about their growlng oil imports. The
celed World War XI. at L'Enfant Plaza where the T r i l a t t d British and French about their import
Thus encouraged, the Trilat- btr met for three days last week: the barriers. The Germans about t h e r
eralists he& from three other heavyweight members, despite their low rate of growth.
alumni, the Cabinet officen who a m m e economlc clout, feel defen-
count most in global matters- sive, uneasy, unloved. This is not exactly what weryone
State, Deferw and lYmsury. A "It's surprising," said one p u t i d . cxpecttd when "Trilatmalism" was co-
fourth star canceled his briefing paht, "that these big, powerful, hefty ined five years ago by Bnezhski as
because of illnesx-Carter's nr. ' tycoons would be so defensiua They the new catch phrase of global think-
tional security affairs adviser. are not terribly confident." ing. It may have a short shelf life, as
Zbigniew Bnednski. th intel- catch phrases go, because the Trila-
At the White Hause, even the presi- teral agenda has not exactly swept the
lectual father of the Trilateral dent lectured them on their bad im- world.
idea. age. Three foreign leaders from Third
"Poor Zbtg, he was s i r ! u a World countries. Carter said. have NeitHer the Carter administration
pup," said Tril.teral coordinrtur told him personally that the Trilateral nor its counterparts in Europe or Ja-
George S. Franklin. "He caught Commission is nothing but "a rich . pan have been able to move very far
the Russian flu in ChiM." man's club" that doesn't care about on the monetary revisions proposed
~t least 18 toplevtl executivu the rest of the world. The Trilateral- . by a Trilateral study. Nor have they
of the Carter administration ists, Carter urged,should demonstrate dweloped the unified energy strategy
were dream from the Trilateral to the poor nations of the world that urged by the commission Nor have
memberlip, Sa was the foreign the commission "has a heart" they worked out a consolidated bar-
minister of J a m SO m e tho gaining approach to those underdevel-
"Ninety percent of th8 questions," .oped nations that are demanding a
prime mfnista of France md one informed witnesa mid, "wen:
the labor minister of West Ger- new economic order in the world.
'Tell us, Mr. President, what can b e The problem is mesay politics, in ev-
many. The present membership do to get .on better terms with the
includes l2 former Cabinet offb Third World?' " ery instance. And some of those who
cera and top advisers of p8d were inside noted that the Trilateral
U.S. administrationq from K m It j4 a "rich man's club" In global
nedy's to Ford'r.
It ir a very h e a v Oroup
bmkem and corporate barons,
- terms, but that was the idea in the TEILATERAL, A15,Col. 1

fellow - travellng technocrats,


THE WASHINGTON P E T June 19, 1978

Trilateraiists: Enhancing Mystique of Importance


teral sessions and are now engaged in cludes Rep. William S. Cohen @
regular government and private ex- Maine), Sen. John C. Danforth (R-
changes. Mo.). Illinois Bepubllcan Got.. J l w s
, The attendance is good, especially R. Thompson and West Virginla Dein-,
cal politics. ture." \ ' when the meeting la held in Washing- ocratic Gov. John D. Rockefeller IV,
ton, because everyone knows the gov- who Is David Rockefeller's nephew.
"They address serious problems in Bqec Of
emmenta will be listening to what's Tatu, the Wwhington correspondent
serious ways."
. . said columnist J o s e ~ h Reach" and of
mid., for Le Monde, sald the Trilateral
Kraft, one of three journalists admit- coWJr.tlonswas
meetings* "These are Influential people," said meetings have a certaln sameness to
ted as observers with the understand- ' "Ot Invited to the
Org.nluuon Mauflce Sauve, former minister of
' them. The same people show up for
Ing that they would be discreet in re- thinb the the Bilderberg Conference8 and At-
' Quebec "They carry weight. If they
porting who said what. The othem ~increasingLYIRT1eVant. lantic Institute meetings, a fact whlch
were New York Times columnist ' "It's based 06 l make-nice v i m want some action to be done, they can
James Reston and Le Monde cprre- of reality," B m e t said "Most of the make the contacts without havlng to stirs the conspiracy theorists to spln
spondent Michel Tatu. positive agenda hasn't got anywhere. wait." intricate webs of Interlocking power.
'They're very useful for people who l t wan more interesting in the pre- "Frankly," said Sawhill, "it's an aw- "It's no more or less imperialistic
are not used to this world of discus- carter period wuw it looked uke l fully good training ground for Ameri- than any other meetings llke this,"
sion, but they are most distinguished Tatu said. "The leftists think it's a big
for their lack of political realism," nesting for the next Democratic can polltkal leaders and not only conspiracy, which is completely
Kraft said. "They talk about the en- admtnlstrauO~if there going American leaders." wrong. It's just a forum for t.lks,very
ergy problem, but there's no acknowl- ' be one. Now It b l e Inkresting."~ Rockefeller and Brzezinski demon- often empty talks.".
edgement of the political nationalism Ind&. rmny of tbe membcn t h e m &rated a certain sklll in picking a s Sen. William V. Roth (R-Del.), one
sweepinb the world. There's no how- selves think the Trilateral gatherlngs cendant politicians when they origi- of 11 senators and representatives on
do-we-get-from-hereto-there!' in Bonn o r Tokyo o r Ottawa or
- nated the commission in 1973-tap- the commission, discovered an ancil-
John Sawhill. president of New here m less valuable for the ideas
- ping Carter and Vice President Mon- lary benefit from his membership.
,
York University, former federal en- or consensus they strive to generate, dale, long before they were close to Last year. Penthouse magazine p u b
ergy administrator, and author of the more useful merely as get-acquainted the White House. lished a lengthy expose of Rockefel-
Trilateral report on energy, made a reasionr. The Japanese, In particular, For what it is worth, Rockefeller's ler's shadow government.
similar point but saw a certain vlrtue were drawn into deeper relations with list of young and promising politicians "That gave me an excuse to buy
$ in the commlssion's detachment. Europein leadera through the M l a - ' recently added to the commission lb Penthouse," Roth s a l d
The
Trilateral
Commission

A Private North American-European-Japanese


Initiative on Matters of Common Concern
Organization and Policy Program
The Commission is composed of about 290 individuals from the three re-
gions. From this larger group is drawn the Executive Committee, including
the Regional Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen, and twenty-eight other in-
dividuals - twelve from Japan, eight from the United States. one from
Canada, and thirteen from the various countries of the European Commu-
nity and Norway. Once each year the full Commission gathers in one of the
regions, as in Washington in June 1978, in Tokyo in April 1979, and in
London in March 1980.

A major portion of each annual meeting is devoted to consideration of task


force reports to the Commission. Task f o m work is at the center of the Pol-
icy Program of the Commission. Each report is the joint product of authors
from each of the three regions. Although only the authors arc mponsible
for the analysis and conclusions, they are likely to draw on a wide range of
consultants in the course of their work, including Commission members
and others. Before publication, a full draft is discussed in a plenary meeting
of the Commission. Twenty task f o m reports have been completed so far,
and four others are in various stages of preparation.

In addition to its task force reports, the Commission follows other subjects
on a more topical basis by means of presentations and briefings at its meet-
ings. Subjects covered have included the social and political implications of
inflation, financial aspects of the oil crisis, prospects for peace in the Mid-
d k East, illicit corporate payments, macroeconomic policy coordination,
nuclear energy and nuclear weapons proliferation, trade problems, and
Chiha and the international community.

Major curtent issues are also addressed in Trialogue, the quarterly


magazine published by the Commission. Three of the four issues each year
are devoted to key international problems high on our nations' agendas,
with articles and interviews by important public figures and experts from
the trilateral regions and beyond. The fourth Trialogue each year covers in
detail the annual three-day meeting of the omm mission.

"/H)ereabove national and international bureaucracies and beyond


the brief tenures of most elected governments. a useful level of
meetings and exchanges of views has come into being-a sort of
European-Japanese-American Establishment. Problems can be at-
tacked there in a way that are beyond the narrow scope of nation-
stare interests and transcend the time horizons of a legislative ses-
sion. Also problems can be more impartially and frankly discussed
than in offlcial channels. . . . "
Theo Sommer. Die Zeit
Leadership
Japanese Chairman: Takeshi Watanabe
Japanese Deputy Chairman: Nobuhiko Ushiba
North American Chairman: David Rockefeller
North American Depury Chairman: Mitchell Sharp
European Chairman: Georges Berthoin
European Deputy Chairman: Egidio Ortona
Coordinator George S. Franklin
North American Secretary: Charles B. Heck
European Secretary: Martine Trink
Japanese Secretary: Tadashi Yamamoto

Executive Committee (Asof March I . 1980)

Givanni Agnelli Chujiro Fujino Carlos March Delgado


P. Nyboe A n d e a n Michel Gaudet Kiichi Miyazawa
Robert W. Bonner Takashi Hosomi Keichi Oshima
Henrik N. Boon Robert S. Ingersoll Charles W. Robinson
William T. Coleman, Jr. Yusuke Kashiwagi William M. Roth
Paul Delouvrier Henry A. Kissinger G.ichi Saeki
Hont h m k e Max Kohnstamm Wiliiim W. Scranton
Carlos F e m r Baron Leon Lambert Ryuji Takeuchi
Garret Fitzgerald Roderick MacFarquhar Otto Grieg Tidemand
George S. Franklin Bruce K. MacLaury Sir Philip de Zuiueta

**Froma Japanese point of view. I beliew the Trilateral Commission


has played an immensely useful role in bringing us more closely into
the international concert. First. and most important to us.
Japan. . .was involved since the wry beginning in the exploratory
stages which led to the Commission's creation. This was probably
the first time Japan had been associated as an equal partner in a
discussion group of such importance and magnitude. Second. unlike
the United States where businehnen and lawyers often find their
way on loan to the government, private citizens in Japan seldom
have a chance to see and think about world affairs from a general
and broader point of view. Their joining the Trilateral Cqmmission
has enabled them to do just that. . .fD)iscussions within the Com-
mission do affect the thinking of our governments and in some
cases-although indirectly-their policy decisions. In this sense. I
believe that the Commission has made a difference-even if a
number of crucial problems. trade relations for example. still exist
among the trilateral countries. "
Kiichi Miyazawa, former Foreign Minister of Japan, in Trialogue
The Industrialized Democratic Regions
in a Changing International System
Inaugurated in July 1973, the Trilateral Commission is a policy-orknfed or-
ganization. Based on analysis of major issues facing North America, West-
em Europe, and Japan, the Commission has sought to develop practicable
proposals for joint action. The Commission's members arc about 290
distinguished citizens from the t h m regions, drawn from a variety of back-
grounds. Commission reports and activities have Plnrdy stimd wide inter-
est and made some important contributions.

The historical roois of the Commission can be traced ptimarily to serious


strains early in the 1970s in relations among Japan, North America. and
Western Europe. As the decade pmaeded, however, it b a ~ m inmasingly
e
clear that the strains and shifts in the internrtiond system am global as well
as trilateral in scope. The renwation of the internaticmal system is thus a
task of global as well as trilateral dimensions, and the work of the Commis-
sion, as evidenced in its meetings and reports, has moved .ccordingly.

-
In this global effort, the industrialized democratic regions r e d kidenti-
fiable community and a vital core.Their focus, however, must not be an the '
pmmation of the status quo, but on rrt.ngementtwhich ni- em-
brace the Third and Fourth Worlds in a cooperative endeavor to a
more equitable world order.

The renwation of the i n t e m t i o d system will be a vey prolonged process.


The system shaped after World W u I1 was created through an act d rill
and human initiative in a relatively restricted period d time. One pacr
had overwhelming might and influence, and othns were closely associated
with it. In contrast, a renwated international system rillnow require a p
c e a of creation-much longer and more complu-in which prolonged ne-
gotiations will have to be initiated and developed. In nurturing habits and
ptactices of working together among the trilateral regions, the Cammissiin
should help set the context for these n m s s u y effort..

"The men organizing the Commirsion want it to take new look^ at


. .
things. But not for abstract purposes . they want to bring about ac-
tion, and hence they wcint the new body to be a m a r w e of the intcilcc-
tual and the influential. " The Economist
' "The interests of North America. Western Europe and Japan now in-
I terlock in so many fieldr: trade and monetary questions, security and
/ defense, energy supplies, sochl and environmental issues, aid to
I developing countries. It is essentialfor the future. . . that these three
advanced industrial regions coordinate their policies and learn to work
together. It is essential that Japan be treated as a full and equal pan-
ner. And first and foremost the communicaiions gap with Japan must
be overcome. It is good to hear that a group of distin~uishedcitizens
from d l three areas is gening together. . . . Of course, the primary ef-
fort in formulating common policies must comefrom the governments
concerned. But a non-governmental effort along the lines of Jean Mon-
net i Action Committeefor a United States of Europe can do much to
improve the atmosphere through mmlatemlcontacts among scholars.
economists, industrialists, labor leaders, and journalists. "
The Christian Science Monitor

THE TRILATERAL COMMISSION

EUROPEAN OFFICE JAPANESE OFFICE


151 boulevard Haussrnann Japan Center for International Exchange
75008 Paris, France 4-9-17 Minami-Azabu
Telephone: 764-6609 Minato-ku. Tokyo, Japan
Telephone: 446-7781

NORTH AMERlCAN OFFICE


345 East 46th S t m t
New York, N.Y. 10017
Telephone: (212) 661-110
Cable: TRILACOM NEWYORK
(As of Mnrch 31, 1980)

Current and Former Major Financial Supporters


in the United States (since the founding of
The Trilateral Commission in 1973 )

Foundations
William H. Donner Foundation, Inc. The Henry Luce Foundation
Ford Foundation The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
German Marshall Fund of Rockefeller Brothers Fund
the United States The Rockefeller to~indation
William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Sumitomo Fund for
Lilly Endowment Policy Research Studies
Charles E. Kettering Foundation

Corporations
BankAmerica Foundation General Mills Foundation
Bechtel Foundation General Motors Corporation
Bechtel Power Corporation W. R. Grace & Co.
Boeing Company Honeywell Inc.
Cargill IBM Corporation
Carter Hawley Hale Stores, Inc. Johnson's Wax Fund
Caterpillar Tractor Co. Levi Strauss Foundation
CBS Inc. NCR Foundation
The Coca-Cola Company The Procter 6r Gamble Company
Control Data Corporation The Quaker Oats Company
Corning Glass Works Foundation Scott Paper Company
Crown Zellerbach Foundation Sears, Roebuck and Co.
Cummins Engine Foundation Standard Oil Company of California
Deere 8: Company Texas Instruments Foundation
Exxon Corporation Time Incorporated
Ford Motor Company Fund Wells Fargo Bank
General Electric Company Weyerhaeuser Company
General Foods Corporation Xerox Corporation

Individuals
George S. Franklin David Packard
Patrick E. Haggerty David Rockefeller

THETRILATERAL
COMMISSIONHAS R E C E I V E D NO FINANCIAL SUPPORT
FROM THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
(As of July 1, 1981)

The Trilateral Commission


GEORGES BERTHOIN TAKESHI WATANABE DAVIDROCKEFELLER
European Chairman Japanese Chairman North American Chairman
EGIDIOORTONA N~BUHIKO USHIBA M~CHELLSHARP
European Deputy Japanese Deputy Chairman North American Deputy
Chairman Chairman
GEORGE S. FRANKLIN
Coordinator
PAULREVAY TADASHIYAMAMOTO CHARLESB. HECK
European Secretary Japanese Secretary North American Secretary

North American Members


David M. Abshire, Chairman, Georgetown University Center for Strategic and
International Studies; former U.S. Assistant Secretary ofState for
Congressional Relations
Gardner Ackley. Henry Carter A d a m University Professor of Political Economy,
University of Michigan
Graham Allison, Dean, John E Kennedy School of Government,
Harvard University
John B. Anderson, Former Member of U.S. House of Representatives
Bruce Babbitt, Governor of Arizona
Michel Belanger, President and Chief Executive Officer, National Bank of Canada
Lucy Wilson Benson, Corporate Director and Consultant to Business &
Government former US. Under Secretary of State for Security Assistance,
Science and Technology
W. Michael Blurnenthal, Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer,
Burroughs Corporarion; former US. Secretary of the Treasury
*Robert W. Bonner, Q.C.,Chairman, British Columbia Hydro
Robert R. Bowie, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced lnternationol
Studies; former Deputy Director, Central Intelligence Agency
John Brademas, President, New York University; former Member of US. House
of Representatives
Andrew F. Brimmer, President, Brimmer & Company, Inc.; former Member
of Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System
Harold Brown. Distinguished Visiting Professor of National Security Affairs,
Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced Infernarional Studies; former
U.S. Secretary of Defense
Zbigniew Brzezinski, Senior Adviser, Georgetown University Center
for Strategic and International Studies; former U.S. Assistant to the President
for National Security Affairs
John F. Burlingame, Vice Chairman of the Board and Executive Officer,
Genera/ Electric Company
George Busbee, Governor of Georgia
Philip Caldwell, Chairman of the Board, Ford Motor Company
Hugh Calkins, Partner, Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue
Claude Castonguay, President, Fonds Laurentien; Chairman of the Board,
Imperial Life Assurance Company; former Minister in the Quebec Government
Sol Chaikin, President, Internarional Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
Warren Christopher, Senior Partner, O'Melveny & Myers; former
U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
William S. Cohen, United States Senate
*William T. Coleman, Jr., Senior Partner, O'Melveny & Myers;
former U.S. Secretary of Transportation
Barber B. Conable, Jr., US.House of Representatives
Richard N . Cooper, Maurits B o a Professor of International Economics,
Harvard University;former U.S. Under Secretary of State for
Economic Affairs
John Cowla, Jr., Chairman, Minneapolis Star & Tribune Co.
John C. Culver, Former Member of United States Senate
Gerald L. Curtis, Professor of Political Science and Director of East Asian
Institute, Columbia University
Lloyd N. Cutler, Senior Partner, Wilmer, Cutler & Pickcring; former
Counsel to the President of the United States
Peter Dobell, Director, Parliamentary Centre for Foreign Affairs and
Foreign Tmde, Ottawa
Thomas Donahue, Secretary- Treasurer. A FL-CIO
Claude A. Edwards, Member, Public Service Staff Relations Board;
former President, Public Service Alliance of Canada
Thomas S. Fo!ey, US. House of Reprcscntatives
'George S. Franklin, Coordinator, The Trilateral Commission; former
Executive Director, Council on Foreign Relations
John AUen Fraser, Member of Canadian Parliament
Richard N . Gardner, Professor of Law and International Organization.
Columbia University; former U.S. Ambassador to Italy
John H. Glenn, Jr., United States Senate
Alan Greenspan, President, Townsend-Greenspan, Inc.; former Chairman,
U.S. Council of Economic Advisors
Walter A. Haas, Jr., Chairman, Levi Strauss & CO.
Donald Southam Hanie, Chairman, Devonian Group of Charitable Foundations;
former Deputy Chairman, Petro Canada
Philip M. Hawley, President, Carter Hawley Hale Stores, Inc.
Walter W. Heller, Regents' Professor of Economicg University of Minnesota;
former Chairman, U.S. Council of Economic Advirors
Carla A. Hills, Senior Resident Partner, Latham, Watkins & Hills; former
US. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
James F. Hoge, Publisher, Chicago Sun Times
Richard Holbrooke, Consultanr; former U.S. Asrirrant Secretary
of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
Hendrik S. Houthakker, Henry Lee Professor of Economics, Harvard University;
former Member, U.S. Council of Economic Advisors
Thomas L. Hughes, President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
*Robert S. Ingersoll, U.S. Chairman, Japan-US. Economic Relations Group;
former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State and Ambassador to Japan
D. Gale Johnson, Professor of Economics and Chairman of Economics
Department, The University of Chicago
James R. Jones, U.S. House of Representatives
*Lane Kirkland, President, AFL-CIO
*Henry A. Kissinger, Former U.S. Secretary of State
Joseph Kraft, Columnist
Juanita Kreps, Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce
Winston Lord, President, Council on Foreign Relations
Bruce K. MacLaury, President, The Brookings Institution
Darcy McKeough, President and Chief Executive Officer, Union GUS,Ltd.,
Chatham, Ontario
Robert S. McNamara, Former President, The World Bank
Arjay Miller, Dean Emeritus. Graduate School of Business, Stanford University
Joseph S. Nye, Professor of Government, John E Kennedy School of
Government, Harvard Univ~rsity;former U.S. Deputy Under Secretary of State
for Security Assistance, Science and Technology
Henry Owen, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution; former Special Reprment-
ative of the President for Economic Summits; former U.S. Ambassador at
Large
Gerald L. Parsky, Partner, Gibson. Dunn & Crutcher; former U.S. Assistant
Secretary of the Ticpnrry for Inrematiom1 Affairs
William R. Pearce, Vice President, Cargill Incorporated
Elliot L. Richardson, Senior Partner, Milbank, Tweed, Hadley and McCloy;
former U.S. Secretary of Defense, Attorney General, and Ambassador
to Great Britain
John E. Rielly, President, The Chicago Council on Foreign Relations
*Charles W. Robinson, Chairman, Energy Transition Corporation; former US.
Deputy Secretary of State
*David Rockefeller
John D. Rockefeller, IV, Governor of West Virginia
Robert V. Roosa, Partner, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
*William M. Roth, Roth Properties; former U S . Special Trade Representative
William V. Roth, Jr., United States Senate
John C. Sawhill, Director and Senior Partner, McKinsey & Company;
former Chairman, U.S. Synthetic Fuels Corporation; former President,
New York University
J. Robert Schaetzel, Former U.S. Ambassador to the European Communities
'William W. Scranton, Former Governor of Pennsylvania; former US.
Ambassador to the United Nations
*Mitchell Sharp, Commissioner, Northern Pipeline Agency; former Canadian
Secretaty of State for External Affairs
Mark Shepherd, Jr., Chairman, T i Instruments Incorporated
Joseph J. Sisco, Partner, Sisco Associates; former President, American University;
former US. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
Gerard C. Smith. Former Head of U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
and Chief Negotiator of SALT I ; former Ambossador at Large for Non-
Proliferation Matters
Anthony M. Solomon, President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; former
U.S. Under Secretary of the Treasury for Monetary Affairs
Helmut Sonnenfeldt, Guest Scholar, The Brookings Institution; former
Counselor, U.S. State Department
Edson W. Spencer, President and Chief Executive Officer, Honeywell Inc.
Robert Taft, Jr., Partner, Taft, Stettinius & Hollister; former U.S. Senator
Arthur R. Taylor, General Partner, Arthur Taylor & Company; Chairman, The
American Assembly
Russell E. Train, President, World Wildlife Fund-U.S.; former Administrator, U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency
Philip H . Trezise, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution; former U.S.
Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs
Martha R. Wallace, Executive Director, The Henry Luce Foundation, Inc.
Haskell G. Ward, President, Haskell G. Ward Associates; former Deputy Mayor
of New York City
Martin J. Ward, President, United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices
of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry of the United States and Canada
Paul C. Warnke, Partner, Clifford and Warnke; former Director, U.S. Arms
Control and Disarmament Agency and Chief Disarmament Negotiator
Glenn E. Watts, President, Communications Workers of America
George Weycrhaeuser, President and Chief Executive Officer, Weyerhaeuser
Company
Marina v.N. Whitman, Vice President and Chief Economist, General Motors
Corporation; former Member, U.S. Council of Economic Advisors
Carroll L. Wilson, Mitsui Professor Emeritus in Problems of Contemporary
Technology, School of Engineering, Mil'; Director, World Coal Study
T. A. Wilson, Chairman of the Board, The Boeing Company
Andrew Young. Young Ideas, Inc.; former U.S. Ambawdor to the United hbtions

*Executive Committee

William Brock, U.S.%de Repnscntative


Arthur F. Burns. US.Ambassador to the Fcdeml Republic of Germany
George Bush. Vice President of the United States
Michael J. L. Kirby. Canadion Semtmy to the Cabinet for Federal-Provincial
Relations
Paul A. Volcka, Chairman, Board of Governors, US.Federal~R~~erve
System
Caspar W. Wcinberga, U.S. Secretary of Defense
European hlembers
*Giovanni Agnelli, President, FIAT
*P.Nyboe Andersen, Chief General Manager, Andelsbanken A / S; former
Danish Minister for Economic Affirs and Dude
Luis Maria Anson. Pnsidente de la Agencia EFE, Madrid; Presidente,
Federacidn Nacional de Asociaciones de la Prensa
Giovanni Auletta Armenise, Chairman, Banca Nazionale &ll~gricoltura,Rome
E.K. den Bakker. Chairman of the Baud, Nationale Nederlanden Bank
Piero Bassetti, Chamber of Lkputies, Rome
*Georges Berthoin, International Honorary Chairman. European Movement
Kurt H. Biedenkopf, Dcputy Chairman, Christian Democratic Union,
Federal Republic of Germany; Mmber of the State Parliament of Northrhine
Wcsrphalia
Kurt Birrenbach, President, German Society for Foreign Affairs
Claudio Booda Villalonga, Chairman. Ford ErpaAa S.A.; former Chairman,
Institute Mcional de Indwtrio
Mucel Boiteux, Chaiimon, Fknch Electricity Bwrd
Carlo Bonomi. President, INVEST; Milan
*Henrik N. Boon, Chairman of the Board. Netherlands Institute for International
qffairs; former Dutch Ambassador to Italy, Venezuela, and Malta; former
Permanent Reprcscntatiw of the Netherlands to the NATO Council
Guido Carli, President, Impmit; former Governor, Bank of Italy
Hervt de Cannoy, Geneml1Ckmagerfor Europe, Midiand Bank, London
Jaime Carvajal Urquijo, Chainnun, Banco Urquijo. Madrid
Jean Claude Casanova. Professor of Political Science, Institute of Political
Scknces, Paris; Director, Commentaim
Jose Luis Cerbn Ayuso, Former President of the Spanish Board of Dude;
Chairman of ASETA
Guido de Clercq, General Director, Catholic University of Louvain
Willy de Clerq. Chairman, Party for Freedom and Progress, Belgium;
Member of European Parliament
Umberto Colombo, President, National Committee for Nuclear Energy, Rome
Richard Conroy, Member of Senate, Irish Republic
Antoinette Danis-Spaak, Chairman, Democratic Front of French Speaking
Btuxellois; Mmber of Chamber of Representatives; Member of European
Parliament
*Paul Delouvrier, Chairman, Public Authority for the Development of the Parc de
la Villette; former Chairman, Electricite de France
Geoffrey Drain, Geneml Secretary of the Nationnl and Local Government Offices
Association, London
Jean Dromer, President and General Director, International Bank for West Africa,
Paris
*Horst Ehmke, Deputy Chairman, Social Democratic Party ParliamentafY Fraction,
Federal Republic of Germany; Member of the Bundestag; former Minister of
Justice
Otto Esser, President, Federation of German Employers' Associations
Pierre Esteva, President, Union des Assurances de Paris
*Carlos Ferrer, Chairman, Spanish Employers' Confederation; Chairman,
Ferrer International
Rmt Foch, Counselor on International Questions of the Republican Party,
Paris
Antonio Garrigues Walker, Senior Partner, J & A Garrigues; Chairman,
Asociacion Para el Progreso de la Direccion, Madrid
*Michel Gaudet, President, French Federation of Insurance Associations;
President. Comite E u r o M n des Assurances
Giuseppe Glisenti, Vice President, INVEST, Milan
Maldonado Gonelha. Member of the Council of the Socialist Party, Lisbon;
Membcr. JosP Fontana Foundation
Hans Hartwig, President, National Federation of German Wholesale and Export
Traders
Denis Healey, Member of British Parliament; former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Edward Heath, Member of British Parliament; former Prime Minister
Terence Higgins. Member of British Parliament; former Minister of State and
Financial Secretary to the Treesury
Diether Hoffman, Spcoker of the Executive Board. Bank fur Gmeinwirtschaft
AG, Frankfurt/Main
Jozef P. Houthuys. Chairman, Confederation of Christian nude Unions of
Belgium
Ludwig Hubcr, Chairman of the Board, Bayerische Landesbank und Girozentmle,
Munich
Horst K. Jannott, Chairman of Executive Bourd, Munich Reinsurance Society
Daniel E. Janssen. Director-General, Belgian Chemical Union
Karl Kaiser, Director, Research Institute of the German Society for
Forrign Affairs
Justin Keating, Member of Senate, Irish Republic; Lkan. Faculty of Veterinary
Medicine. University College. Dublin
Lord Keith of Castleacre, Former Chairman of Rolls Royce Ltd.; former
Chairman of H i l l Samuel Group of Companies
Henry Keswick, Chairman, Matheson & Co. Ltd., London
Michael Killecn, Chairman, Industrial Development Authority; Deputy Chairman,
Irish Distillers Group Ltd.
Norbert Kloten. President, State Central Bank in Baden- Wuerttemberg
*Max Kohnstamm, President, European University Institute, Florence
Erwin Kristoffersen, Director, International Department, German Federation of
nude Unions
Jacques Lallement, General Director, Credit Agricole, Paris
Baron Lton Lambert, President, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert, SA.
Liam Lawlor, Member of Irish ffirliament
Arrigo Levi, Columnist, La Stampa, Tbrin, and The Times, London
Mark Littman, Queen's Counsel, The Rio-Tinto Zinc Corporation Ltd.
Richard LOwenthal, Profesror Emeritus of International Relations, Free University
of Berlin
Evan Luard, Former Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for the British
Foreign Office
Francisco Lucas Pires, Vice President, Democratic and Social Centre Party,
Lisbon
*Roderick MacFarquhar, Research Scholar, Woodrow Wilson International Center,
Smithsonian Institution; former Member of British Parliament
*Carlos March Delgado, Chairman, Banca March; Vice Chairman. Juan March
Foundation, Madrid
Robert Marjolin, Former Vice President of the Commission of the European
Communities
Roger Martin, Honorary President, Compagnie Saint Gobain Pont-a-Mowon
Hanns W. Maull, Economic Editor, Bavarian Radio; European Representative,
Japan Center for International Erchange
Pietro Merli-Brandini, Secretary General. Italian Confederation of Workers
Syndicate (CISL)
Cesare Merlini, Director, Institute for International Affairs, Rome
Thierry dc Montbrial, Professor, Ecole Polytechnique; Director, French Institute
for Inrernafional Relations
Alwin Milnchrneyer, Chairman of the Board, Bankham SchrCider, Miinchmeyer,
Hengst & Co.
Preben Munthe, Professor of Economics, University of Oslo; Counselor,
Norwegian Nobel Institute
Dan Murphy, Secretary-General of the Civil Service Executive Union, Dublin
*Karl-Heinz Narjes. Member of the Commission of the European Communities;
former Member of the Bundestag
Friedrich A. Neuman, Chairman. State Federation of Industrial Employers'
Associations of Nonhrhine Westphalia
Egidio Onona, President, Honey well Information Systems Italia;
former Italian Ambassador to the United States
Alfonso Osorio, Membcr of Spanish House of Representatives;
former Vice President of the Government
David Owen. Member of Britkh Parliament; former Foreign Secretary;
Co-Founder of Council for Social Democracy
Bernard Pagezy, Msident Directeur G&ndraldes Societes des Assurances du
Groupe de Rz
a
Antonio Pedrol, Chairman, Consejo General de la Abogacia EspaAola
Sir John Pilchcr, Director, Foreign and Colonial Investment Trus~;Adviser to
Robert Fleming & Co., Ltd.; former British Ambassador to Japan
Mario F. C. Pinto, President, Oliveira Martins Foundation; Professor
of Labor Problems, Catholic University of Portugal and Institute for Labor
Studies; jormer Member of the Constitutional Assembly and Parliament
Paulo de Pitta e Cunha, Professor, Departmenf of Economics, Faculty of Law,
University of Lisbon; President, Portuguese Association for the Study of
European Integration
Giuseppe Ratti, Coordinator, International Affairs, ENI, Rome
Jean Rey, Ministre dlEtat; Member of European Parliament; former President of
the Commission of the European Communities
Sir Julian Ridsdale, Member of British Parliament; Chairman of the
Anglo-Japanese Parliamentary Group
Sir Frank Roberts. Director, Mercedes Ben2 U.K. and Hoechst U.K. Lrd.;
former .British Ambasador to Germany, the U.S.S.R., and NATO
Lord Roll of Ipsden, Chairman. S. G. Warburg and Co. Ltd.
John Roper, Member of British ParIiament
Francois de Rose, Ambasadeur de France; PrPsident Directeur General,
SociPtP Nouvelle Pathe Cinema
Baron Edmond de Rothschild, President, Compagnie Financiere Holding, Paris
Viscount Sandon, Deputy Chairman, National Westrninster Bank Ltd.;
Chairman, Orion Bank L td.
John C. Sannes, Director, Nobel Prize Committee; Researcher and Scientific
Counselor, Norwegian Foreign Policy Institute
W.E. Scherpenhuijsen Rorn, Chairman, Board of Managing Directors,
Nederlandsche Middenstandsbank
Marius Schirnberni, President, Montedison, Milan
Erik Ib Schmidt, Permanent Undersecretary of State, Denmark; Chairman of the
Board, R i d National Laboratory
Th. M. Scholten, President, ROBECO Investment Group, Rotterdam
Gerhard Schroeder, Former Federal Minister; former Member of the Bundestag
Pedro Schwaru. Director. Insrituto de Economia de Mercado, Madrid
Jose Antonio Segurado, Chairman, International Relations Commksion of the
C.E. 0.E.; Chairman, SEFISA, Madrid
Erik Seidenfaden, Directeur de la Fondation Danoise, Institut
Universitaire International de Paris
Federico Sensi, Ambassador of Italy; former Italian Ambassador
to the Soviet Union
Roger Seydoux, Amboswdeur de France; Prksident du Conseil
dOAdminis!ration, Fondation de France
Lord Shackleton. Drputy Chairman, Rio-Tinto Zinc Corporation Ltd.;
former Cabinet Minister
Peter Shore, Member of Britkh Parliament
*Hemi Smontt, Member of Belgian Parliament; former Minister of
Foreign Affain
J. H. Smith, Deputy Chairman and Chief Executive. British Gas Corporation
Theo Sommer. Editor-in-Chief, Die Zeit, Hamburg
Myla Staunton, M m b e r of Senate, Irish Republic
J. A. Swire, Chairman, John Swire and Sons Group of Companies, London
Peter Tapsell, Member of British ftrrliament; former Front Bench Spokesman on
both Finance and Foreign Affairs
Nick Thygesen, Professor of Economics, Economics Institute, Copenhagen
University
*Otto Grieg Tidemand, Former Norwegian Minister of Defense and Minister
of Economic Affairs
Sir Anthony Tuke. Chairman, Rio- Tinto Zinc Corporation Ltd.; former
Chairman. Barclays Bank L rd.
Antonio Vasco de Mello, Chairman of the Board, Companhia Portugu2sa de
7h$lrrria, S.A.R.L.; President, Confederation of Portuguese Industry
Heinz-Oskar Vettcr, Chairman, German Federation of Trade Unions;
Member of Europwn Parliament
JosC VilP Marsans, Chairman, Sociedad Anonima de Fibras Artificiales,
Barcelona; Director, Banco Central, Madrid
Paolo Battino Vittorelli, Chamber of Deputies, Rome; Presidente del lstituto
Studi e Ricerche Difesa; Editor, Avanti
Sir Frederick Warner, Chairman, Guinness Peat International Ltd.; Member of
Europam Pllrliament; former British Amhassador to Japan
Edmund Wellenstein, Former Director General for Evlernal Affairs,
Commission of the European Communities
T. Kenneth Whitaker, Member of Senate, Irish Republic; Director, Bank of
Ireland; Chancellor, National University
Alan Let Williams, Director-General, En3lish Speaking Union; former
Member of British Purliament
*Otto Wolff von Amerongen. President, Otto Wolff AG; President, German
Federation of Chambers of Industry and Commerce
Joachim Zahn, Chairman of the Executive Board, Daimler Benz A G
*Sir Philip de Zulueta, Chairman, Antony Gibbs Holdings Ltd.

'Executive Committee
Svend Auken, Minister of Labor, Dcnmark
Lord Carrington. British Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth
Affaiirs
Franctwo Compagna, Minister of Merchant Marine, Italy
Herbert Ehrenberg, Minister of Labor and Social Affairs, Federal Republic
of Germany
Marc Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium
Garret FitzGerald, Prime Minister, Irish Republic
Bernard Hayhoe, Parliamentary Undersecretary of State in the British
Dcfense Ministry
Giorgio LaMalfa. Italian Minister of the Budget
Otto Graf LamMor f f, Minister of Economics, Federal Republic
of Germany
I v u Ndrgaard, Minister of Environment, Denmark
Michael O'Kmnedy, Member of Commission of the European Communities
Thorvald Stoltmberg, Minister of Defense, Norway
RPmbn Rias Fargas, Minister of Economy and Finance, Catalan
Government
Japanese Members

Isao Amagi, Direcror General, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science;
Advisor to the Ministry of Education
Yoshiya Ariyoshi, Board Counsellor, Nippon Yusen, K.K.
Shizuo Asada, President, Japan Air Lines Company, L td.
Yoshishige Ashihara, Chairman, Board of Directors, Kansai Electric Power
Company, Inc.
Toshiwo Doko, Former Chairman, Japan Federation of Economic Organizations
(Keidanren); Counsellor, Toshiba Corporation
Jun Eto, Professor, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Shinkichi Eto, Professor of International Relations, Tokyo University
*Chujiro Fujino, Chairman, Mitsubishi Corporation
Takeo Fukuda, Member of the Diet; former Prime Minister
Shintaro Fukushima, Chairman, Kyodo News Service
Noboru Gotoh, Chairman and President, TOKYU Corporation
Nihachiro Hanamura, Executive Vice Chairman and President. Japan Federation
of Economic Organizatiors (Keidanren)
Sumio Hara, Executive Advisor, Bank of Tokyo, Ltd.
Norishige Hasegawa, Chairman, Sumitomo Chemical Company, Ltd.
Teru Hidaka, Director and Senior Counsellor, Yamaichi Securities Company, Ltd.
Kosuke Hiraoka, Vice President, Komatsu. Ltd.
Hideo Hori, President, The National Association for Employment for
the Handicapped
*Takashi Hosomi, Advisor. The Industrial Bank of Ja.mn, Ltd.
Hosai Hyuga, Chairman of the Board, Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
Shinichi Ichimura, Profaor of Economics, Kyoto University
*Yoshizo Ikeda, Chairman, Mitsui & Co., Ltd.
. Yoshihiro Inayama, Chairman, Japan Federation of Economic Organizations
(Keidanren); Representative Director. Chairman of the Board, Nippon Steel
Corporation
Kaoru Inouye, Chairman of the Senior Executive Committee, Dai-lchi
Kangyo Bank, Ltd.
Rokuro Ishikawa, President, Kajima Corporation
Tadao Ishikawa, President, Keio University
Joji Itakura, Counsellor, The Mitsui Bank, Ltd.
Yoshizane Iwasa, Counsellor, Fuji Bank, Ltd.; Chairman, Japan-U.S.
Economic Council
Motoo Kaji, Professor of Economics, Tokyo University
Fuii Kamiya. Professor o f Internationrl Relations, Keio University
* ~ u & k e~khiwa;, president, Bank of Tokyo, Ltd.; former ~pecialAdvisor
to the Minister of Finance
Koichi Kato, Member of the Diet; former Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary
Katsuji Kawamata, Chairman, Nirson Motor Company, Ltd.
Hideo Kitahara, Former Ambassador io France
Kiichiro Kitaura, Chairman, Nomura Securities Compan-v, Ltd.
Koji Kobayashi, Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, Nippon
Electric Company, Ltd.
Yotaro Kobayashi. President, Fuji-Xerox
Shinichi Kondo, Corporate Adviser; former Ambassador to Canada
Fumihiko Kono, Counsellor, Mitsubirhi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Masataka Kosaka, Professor, Faculty of Law, Kyoto University
Fumihiko Maki, Principal, Maki and Associates, Design, Planning and
Developmen t
Shiieharu Matsurnoto, Chairman, International House of Japan, Inc.
Daigo Miyado, Chairman of the Board, The Sanwa Bank, Ltd.
Akio Morita, Chairman, Representative Managing Director, SONY Corporation
Takashi Mukaibo, Former President. Tokyo University
Norihiko Nagai, Chairman, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd.
Yonosuke Nagai, Professor of Political Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Shigeo Nagano, Honorary Chairman, Nippon Sfeel Corporation; President,
Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Eiichi Nagasue, Member of the Diet
Nobuyuki Nakahara, Managing Director, T m Nenryo Kogyo, K.K.
Toshio Nakamura, Chairman, Mitsubishi Bank, Ltd.
Sohci Nakayama, Counsellor, The Industrial Bank of Japan. Ltd.
Akira Ogata, Advisor to the Chief News Commentator, Japan Broadcasting
Corporation (NHK)
Yoshihisa Ohjimi, President, Arabian Oil Company, Ltd.; former Vice Minirter
of International Trade and Industry
Kazuo Oikawa, General President, Japan Telecommunications Workers' Union
(Zendentsu); Vice Chairman, General Council of nude Unions of Japan
(SOH YO)
*Saburo Okita, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Keichi Oshima, Profmor of Nuclear Engineering, Tokyo University
*Kiichi Saeki, Chairman, Nomura Research Institute
Kunihiko Sasaki, Director, Honoraty Chairman, Fuji Bank, Ltd.
Yukio Shibayama, Chairrnan,. Sumitomo Corporation
Masahide Shibusawa, Director, East- West Seminar
Yoshihito Shirnada, President, Takahashi Foundation; former President,
Japan Petroleum Development Corporation
Ichiro Shioji, President, Confederation of Japan Automobile Workers' Union
(Jidosha-Soren)
Tatsuo Shoda, Chairman of the Board, The Nippon Credit Bank, Ltd.
Binsuke Sugiura, Chairman, The Long Term Credit Bank of Japan, Ltd.
Chusuke Takahashi, Executive Vice President, The Sumitomo Bank
*Ryuji Takeuchi, Advisor to the Minirter for Foreign Affairs; former
Ambarsador to the United States
Eiji Toyoda, Chairman, Toyota Motor Company, Ltd.
Seiki Tozaki, President, C. Itoh di Co., Ltd.
Seiji Tsutsurni, Chairman, Seibu Department Store, Inc.
Tadao Umesao, Direct06 Narional Mureum of Ethnology
*Nobuhiko Ushiba, Advisor to Minister for Foreign Affairs; Japan Chairman of
the Japan-US. Economic Relations Group
Shogo Watanabe, Chairman, Nikko Securities Company, Lrd.
'Takeshi Watanabe, Former President, Asian Development Bank
Toshihiko Yamashita, President, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
Kizo Yasui, Senior Advisor, Toray Industries, Inc.
Hirokichi Yoshiyama, Presrdent, Hitachi, Ltd.

*Executive Committee

Former Members in Public Service


Kiichi Miyazawa, Minister of Stare, Chief Cabinet Secretary
THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
WASHINGTON, I?. C.

THE TRILATERAL COMMIS SI O N


A Selected L i s t of References
Compiled by
Ruth S . F r e i t a g
Research S e r v i c e s

Founded i n O c t o b e r 1973, t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission i s a n u n o f f i c i a l


body w i t h members from North America, Western E u r o p e , and J a p a n who meet
a s p r i v a t e c i t i z e n s , a t i n t e r v a l s of s i x t o n i n e months, t o d i s c u s s major
i s s u e s o f common i n t e r e s t . According t o t h e s t a t e m e n t o f p u r p o s e s i s s u e d
i n O c t o b e r 1973 by t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ' s e x e c u t i v e c o m m i t t e e , "The Commis-
s i o n w i l l s e e k t o promote among J a p a n e s e , West Europeans and North Amer-
i c a n s t h e h a b i t o f working t o g e t h e r o n problems o f m u t u a l c o n c e r n , t o
s e e k t o o b t a i n a s h a r e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e s e complex p r o b l e m s , and t o
d e v i s e and d i s s e m i n a t e p r o p o s a l s o f g e n e r a l b e n e f i t . " Members a r e i n t h e
main p e r s o n s o f i n f l u e n c e i n economic, p o l i t i c a l , news m e d i a , and aca-
demic c i r c i e s . The p u b l i s h e d r e p o r t s o f t h e t a s k f o r c e s a p p o i n t e d by t h e
commission have d e a l t w i t h i n t e r n a t i o n a l economic and p o l i t i c a l i s s u e s
s u c h a s o i l and o t h e r e n e r g y r e s o u r c e s , world t r a d e , a w o r l d m o n e t a r y
s y s t e m , i n t e r n a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n s and c o o p e r a t i o n , East-West r e l a t i o n s ,
c o n t r o l and e x p l o i t a t i o n o f t h e o c e a n s , and t h e d i f f i c u l t i e s c u r r e n t l y
b e s e t t i n g democratic governnent s . Although t h e commission had r e c e i v e d a
c e r t a i n amount o f p u b l i c i t y s i n c e i t s f o u n d a t i o n , i n t e r e s t i n i t s a c t i v -
i t i e s g r e a t l y i n c r e a s e d when i t was o b s e r v e d t h a t P r e s i d e n t C a r t e r and
Vice P r e s i d e n t Mondale, a s w e l l a s many h i g h - r a n k i n g a p p o i n t e d o f f i c i a l s
i n t h e C a r t e r a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , had been members.

The p r e s e n t l i s t c i t e s a l l t h e c o m m i s s i o n ' s p u b l i c a t i o n s t h u s f a r
i s s u e d and a s e l e c t i o n o f p u b l i s h e d w r i t i n g s a b o u t i t s a c t i v i t i e s and
i d e a s . The a r r a n g e m e n t i s r o u g h l y c h r o n o l o g i c a l i n e a c h p a r t . News
s t o r i e s and r e v i e w s commenting s o l e l y on t h e r e p o r t s o f t h e t a s k f o r c e s
a r e n o t i n c l u d e d . An u n c a t a l o g e d s e t o f t h e c o m m i s s i o n ' s p u b l i c a t i o n s i s
a v a i l a b l e f o r examination i n t h e Bibliography S e c t i o n of t h e General
Reading Rooms D i v i s o n .

P u b l i c a t i o n s I s s u e d by t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission

T r i a l o g u e ; a b u l l e t i n o f American, E u r o p e a n , J a p a n e s e a f f a i r s . n o . 1+
.
Oct 1973+ New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission [ N o r t h American O f f i c e ]
i l l u s . quarterly ( irregular)
R e p o r t s on a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e commission and d e v e l o p m e n t s i n
the areas of i t s i n t e r e s t .

Trilateral omm mission. Annual r e p o r t . lst+ 1973/74+ [ ~ e w~ o r k ]


HFl4lO. T74a
R e p o r t y e a r ends J u n e 3 0 .
LC h o l d i n g s i n c o m p l e t e .
T r i l a t e r a l Monetary Task F o r c e . Towards a r e n o v a t e d w o r l d m o n e t a r y s y s -
tem; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Monetary Task F o r c e t o t h e E x e c u t i v e
C o m n i t t e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s : Motoo Kaj i ,
R i c h a r d N. Cooper, C l a u d i o ~ e g r 6 . [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission,
19731 44 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 ) HG3881.T69 1973

DuchGne, F r a n ~ o i s ,K i n h i d e Mushakoj i , and Henry D . Owen. The c r i s i s o f


international cooperation; a r e p o F o f the T r i l a t e r a l P o l i t i c a l
Task F o r c e t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission.
[ ~ e wYork, T r i l a t e r a l C o m i s s i o n , 19741 36 p. he T r i a n g l e pa-
pers, 2)

T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on R e l a t i o n s With Developing C o u n t r i e s . A t u r n i n g


p o i n t i n North-South economic r e l a t i o n s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l
Task F o r c e o n R e l a t i o n s With Developing C o u n t r i e s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e
C o m n i t t e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comnission. R a p p o r t e u r s : Richard N .
G a r d n e r , Saburo O k i t a , B. J . Udink. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commis-
s i o n , 19741 32 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 3 ) HF1411.T736 1974

T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on T r a d e . D i r e c t i o n s f o r world t r a d e i n t h e n i n e -
t e e n - s e v e n t i e s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on T r a d e t o
t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s :
Guido Colonna d i P a l i a n o , P h i l i p H . T r e s i z e , Nobuhiko Ushiba. [New
York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19741 36 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 4 )
HF1721.T74 1974

T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n t h e P o l i t i c a l and I n t e r n a t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s of
t h e E n e r g y C r i s i s . Energy: t h e i m p e r a t i v e f o r a t r i l a t e r a l ap-
p r o a c h ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on t h e P o l i t i c a l and
I n t e r n a t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s o f t h e Energy C r i s i s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e
C o m n i t t e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s : J o h n C . Camp-
b e l l , Guy d e Carmoy, S h i n i c h i Kondo. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commis-
s i o n , 19741 36 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 5 ) HD9502. A2T74 1974a

T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n t h e P o l i t i c a l and I n t e r n a t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s o f
t h e Energy C r i s i s . Energy: a s t r a t e g y f o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l a c t i o n ; a
r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on t h e P o l i t i c a l and I n t e r n a -
t i o n a l I m p l i c a t i o n s o f t h e Energy C r i s i s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee
o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. R a p p o r t e u r s : John C . Campbell, Guy
d e Carmoy, S h i n i c h i Kondo. [ ~ e wYork, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19741
48 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 6 ) HD9502.A2T74 1974

T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n R e l a t i o n s With Developing C o u n t r i e s . OPEC, t h e


t r i l a t e r a l w o r l d , and t h e d e v e l o p i n g c o u n t r i e s : new a r r a n g e m e n t s
f o r c o o p e r a t i o n , 1976-1980; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on
R e l a t i o n s With D e v e l o p i n g C o u n t r i e s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f
t h e T r i l a t e r a l Comnission. R a p p o r t e u r s : Richard N . Gardner , Saburo
O k i t a , B. J. Udink. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19751 32 p.
he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 7 ) HD9560.6.T7 1975
T r i l a t e r a l Commission. T r i l a t e r a l Commission t a s k f o r c e r e p o r t s , 1-7;
t h e T r i a n g l e p a p e r s . A c o m p i l a t i o n o f r e p o r t s from t h e f i r s t two
y e a r s o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. New York, New York U n i v e r s i t y
P r e s s , 1977. 209 p. HF1411. T73

C r o z i e r , M i c h e l , Samuel P . H u n t i n g t o n , and J o j i Watanuki. The c r i s i s of


democracy; r e p o r t o n t h e g o v e r n a b i l i t y o f d e m o c r a c i e s t o t h e T r i l a t -
e r a l Commission. [ ~ e w~ o r k ]New York U n i v e r s i t y P r e s s , 1975.
220 p. [The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 81 JC421. C86
Includes bibliographic references.
An a b b r e v i a t e d v e r s i o n o f H u n t i n g t o n ' s c h a p t e r o n t h e United
S t a t e s a p p e a r s in P u b l i c I n t e r e s t , no. 4 1 , f a l l 1 9 7 5 , p. 9-38
(Hl. ~ 8 6 , 1 9 7 5 ) .

Hardy, Michael J. L . , and o t h e r s . A new r e g i m e f o r t h e o c e a n s ; a r e p o r t


o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n t h e Oceans t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Commit-
t e e o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission,
19761 54 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 9 )

T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on Commodities I s s u e s . S e e k i n g a new accommodation


i n world commodity m a r k e t s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on
Commodities I s s u e s t o t h e E x e c u t i v e Committee o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Com-
m i s s i o n . R a p p o r t e u r s : C a r l E . B e i g i e , Wolfgang Hager, Sueo Seki-
guchi. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19761 40 p. (The T r i -
angle papers, 10) HF1428.T73 1976

Berg st e n , C. F r e d , Georges B e r t h o i n , and K i n h i d e Mushakoj i .


The r e f o r m
o f i n t e r n a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n s ; a x p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e
on I n t e r n a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t i o n s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [~ew
York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19761 31 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 1 )

O r t o n a , E g i d i o , J . R o b e r t S c h a e t z e l , arid Nobuhiko Ushiba. The problem o f


international consultations; a report o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e
on C o n s u l t a t i v e P r o c e d u r e s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [ ~ e wYork
T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19761 21 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 2 )

T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on C o n s t r u c t i v e T r i l a t e r a l - C o m m u n i s t C o o p e r a t i o n o n
G l o b a l P r o b l e m s . C o l l a b o r a t i o n w i t h Communist c o u n t r i e s i n managing
g l o b a l p r o b l e m s : an e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e o p t i o n s ; a r e p o r t o f t h e
T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e on C o n s t r u c t i v e T r i l a t e r a l - C o m m u n i s t Coopera-
t i o n on Global Problems t o t h e ~ r i l a t e r a lCommission. Rapporteurs:
C h i h i r o Hosoya, Henry Owen, Andrew S h o n f i e l d . [New York, T r i l a t e r a l
Commission, 19771 33 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 3 )
3x1395 .T72 1977

Cooper, R i c h a r d N . , K a r l K a i s e r , Masataka Kosaka. Towards a r e n o -


vated i n t e r n a t i o n a l system; a r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l I n t e g r a t o r s
Task F o r c e t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Com-
m i s s i o n , 19771 6 8 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 4 ) HF1411.C5875
T r i l a t e r a l Comnission. T r i l a t e r a l Comnission t a s k f o r c e r e p o r t s , 9-14; a
c o m p i l a t i o n o f r e p o r t s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission completed i n
1976 and 1977. New York, New York U n i v e r s i t y P r e s s , 1978. 293 p.
HF 141 1. T734

A z r a e l , Jeremy R . , R i c h a r d Lowenthal , and Toru Nakagawa. An o v e r v i e w of


East-West r e l a t i o n s ; r e p o r t o f t h e r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n E a s t
West R e l a t i o n s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [ ~ e wYork, T r i l a t e r a l
Commission, 19781 70 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 5 ) D843. A9

Colombo, Umberto, David Gale J o h n s o n , and T o s h i o S h i s h i d o . Reducing mal-


n u t r i t i o n i n developing countries-increasing r i c e production i n
S o u t h and S o u t h e a s t A s i a ; r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l North-South Food
Task F o r c e t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Com-
m i s s i o n , 19781 55 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 6 ) SB191.R5C723

S a w h i l l , J o h n C . , K e i i c h i Oshima, and Hanns Maul1 .


Energy: managing t h e
t r a n s i t i o n ; r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Energy Task F o r c e t o t h e T r i -
l a t e r a l Commission. [New York, T r i l a t e r a l Commission, 19781 x i v ,
92 p. (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 7 ) HD9502.A2S38

R o b e r t s , Benj amin C . , ~ i d e a k iOkamoto , and George C . Lodge. C o l l e c t i v e


b a r g a i n i n g and employee i n Western Europe, North Amer-
i c a and J a p a n ; r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n I n d u s t r i a l
R e l a t i o n s t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [ ~ e wYork, T r i l a t e r a l Com-
m i s s i o n , 19791 x v i i , 90 p . (The T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 8 ) HD6971.R638
A f u l l r e p o r t on t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e r e s e a r c h p r o j e c t s u w a r i z e d
i n t h i s pape; was p u b l i s h e d a s Towards ~ n d u s t r i a l~ e m o c r a c ~ :Eur-
ope, ( M o n t c l a i r [N. J . ] A l l a n h e l d , 0s-
mun [ I 9 7 9 1 287 p . An A t l a n t i c I n s t i t u t e f o r I n t e r n a t i o n a l Af-
f a i r s r e s e a r c h volume. ~ D 8 3 7 6 . 5 . ~ 6 8,) e d i t e d by Benjamin C.
Roberts.

P i n d e r , J o h n , T a k a s h i Hosomi, William Diebold. I n d u s t r i a l p o l i c y and


t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l economy;, r e p o r t o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Task F o r c e o n
I n d u s t r i a l P o l i c y t o t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission. [ ~ e wYork, T r i l a t -
e r a l Comnission, 19791 82 p. he T r i a n g l e p a p e r s , 1 9 ) HD3611.P56
T r i l a t e r a l Commission. The T r i l a t e r a l Commission; a p r i v a t e North h e r -
ican-European-Japanese i n i t i a t i v e o n m a t t e r s o f common c o n c e r n .
[New York, 19791 [81 p.

T r i l a t e r a l Commission. The T r i l a t e r a l Commission [membership l i s t ] a s o f


O c t o b e r 2 0 , 1980. [ ~ e wYork, 19801 [ I l l p .
Books and A r t i c l e s About t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission and T r i l a t e r a l i s m

R e s t o n , James. Japan demands e q u a l i t y . New York t i m e s , v . 122, Mar. 2 ,


1973: 35. NdCPR
D i s c u s s e s t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission, t h e n b e i n g formed.

The West and Japan: t h e new A t l a n t i s . ~ c o n o m i s t ,v . 247, May 5 , 1973:


30-31. illus. HG11.E2, v . 247
Includes discussion of t h e e f f o r t s t o organize t h e T r i l a t e r a l
Commission.

Bridge b u i l d e r s . Times (London), O c t . 15, 1973: 23. N& C PR

H a l l o r a n , R i c h a r d . U.S.-Japanese-European body o f f t o a shaky s t a r t i n


Tokyo. New York t i m e s , v . 123, O c t . 24, 1973: 4 . N& C PR

O b e r d o r f e r , Don. 3-cornered commission opens world p a r l e y . Washington


p o s t , O c t . 24, 1973: E-11. NdCPR

Bowie, Robert R. T r i l a t e r a l c o o p e r a t i o n . C h r i s t i a n Science monitor,


O c t . 3 1 , 1973: 1 4 . N& C PR

Roth, William V . S t a t e m e n t of S e n a t o r Roth b e f o r e Wilmington Rotary


Club. C o n g r e s s i o n a l r e c o r d , 93d C o n g r e s s , 1 s t s e s s i o n , v . 1 1 9 , Dec.
20, 1973: 42839-42840. J l l . R 5 , v . 119
A s p e e c h on U.S. f o r e i g n p o l i c y e n t i t l e d "The United S t a t e s ,
Western Europe, and J a p a n : T r i l a t e r a l i s m a s a New Dimension i n
International Relations .'I

Darby, Edwin. A new b r a i n t r u s t t o t a c k l e t h e f u t u r e . Chicago sun-


t i m e s , Feb. 24, 1974: 79. NdCPR

C h i l d s , Marquis. B u i l d i n g worldwide economic b r i d g e s . Washington p o s t ,


June 25, 1974: A-19. NdCPR

B r z e z i n s k i , Zbigniew K . The t r i l a t e r a l r e l a t i o n s h i p . SAIS r e v i e w ,


v . 1 8 , no. 4 , 1974: 4-12. D839.S35, v . 1 8
Arguments f o r a new o r i e n t a t i o n o f U.S. - a l l i e d r e l a t i o n s h i p s
r e p r e s e n t some o f t h e r e a s o n i n g behind t h e founding o f t h e T r i l a t -
e r a l Commission.

K i s s i n g e r l i n e on o i l r a p p e d . Japan t i m e s , Dec. 11, 1974: 5. NhCPR


R e p o r t s s p e e c h by George B a l l a t t h e Washington m e e t i n g o f t h e
T r i l a t e r a l Comuission.

M a r s h a l l P l a n of a i d t o poor s t a t e s u r g e d . Japan t i m e s , Dec. 1 1 , 1974:


10. N&CPR
R e p o r t s s p e e c h by P a u l de L o u v r i e r a t t h e Washington m e e t i n g o f
t h e T r i l a t e r a l Conanission.
Berger, Marilyn. ~rilateralgroup calls for idea st 'guarantee.' Wash-
ington post, Dec. 11, 1974: A-3. NCCPR

Mideast peace guarantee asked. Japan times, Dec. 12, 1974: 4. NhCPR
Summarizes points made in a communique issued by the Trilateral
Commission at the conclusion of its two-day meeting in Washington.

Pierre, Henri. Un groupe d'experts internationaux approuve la proposi-


tion franqaise de conference trilatdrale. Le Monde, 14 dec. 1974:
12. NC CPR

Dale, ~ d w i nL. Plan is offered to channel oil money to poor lands. New
York times, v. 124, Dec. 27, 1974: 3. NCCPR

Falk, Richard. [The Trilateral Commission] In his A new paradigm for


international legal studies: prospects and proposals. Yale law
journal, v. 84, Apr. 1975: 1004-1009. K29.A4, v. 84

Democratic goals upheld by panel; international group rejects report


calling for more governmental authority. New York times, v. 124,
June 1, 1975: 17. NCCPR

Rosenfeld, Stephen S. The new multinational establishment. Washington


post, June 6, 1975: A-28. NGCPR

Christopher, Robert C. The world's new cold war. Newsweek, v. 85, June
16, 1975: 37. illus. AP2.N6772, v. 85
On the Kyoto conference of the Trilateral Commission.

Grose , Peter. Japan reaches out. New York times, v. 124, June 17, 1975 :
33. NGCPR
The United Nations University and the Trilateral Commission are
"two cultural institutions which drew their original inspiration
from abroad only to be embraced as special protdgks by the Japan-
ese intelligentsia."

Vernay, Alain. Avec la Commission trilat6rale: la diplomatie des af-


faires appuie le dialogue nord-sud. Figaro, 2 dec. 1975: 12. NhCPR

The Trilateral Commission. In Foreign Area Research Coordination Group.


FAR horizons, v. 9 , summer 1976: 1-4. D16.25.F6a, v. 9

United States: Carter and Latin America. Latin America, a weekly polit-
ical report, v. 10, July 16, 1976: 221-222. HC121.L27, v. 10
Chiefly on the Trilateral Commission and the influence it may
have on Carter's views of Latin America.

Heren, Louis. Mr. Carter looks to past glories in considering foreign


policy. Times ondo don), July 17, 1976: 12. NCCPR
Includes discussion of the Trilateral Commission.
Duffy, Gloria. Shaping Carter 's world view. Washington post, Aug. 15,
1976: C-5. illus. NdCPR
"Carter supports pol icies which follow the contours of Brzezin-
ski's tnought ... The Trilateral Commission was a prime medium
for the transmission of Brzezinski's ideas to Carter."

Ullman, Richard H. Trilateralism: "partnership" for what? Foreign af-


fairs, v. 55, Oct. 1976: 1-19. port. D410.F6, v. 55

Johnstone, Diana. Une strategie "trilatkrale." Le Monde diplomatique,


23. annee, nov. 1976: 1, 13. JX3.M65, v. 23

Farrow, Moira. The global old boys' think tank. Vancouver sun, Dec. 14,
1976: 6. illus. N&CPR

Carter's brain trusts: the Trilateral Commission, the Brookings Institu-


tion. Time, v. 108, Dec. 20, 1976: 19. illus. AP2.T37, v. 108

Ruiz ~ a r c i a ,Enrique. La Comisi6n Trilateral: explicacidn de un proceso


de poder. In his La era de Carter; las transnacionales, fase supe-
rior del imperialismo. Madrid, Alianza Editorial 119771 (El Libro
del bolsillo, 672. Secci6n Humanidades) p. 35-47. HC106.7.R82

Silk, Leonard. Carter and key advisers among the trilateralists. New
York times, v. 126, Jan. 6, 1977: 41. ports. N&CPR

Trilateral Commission opens meeting in Tokyo. Asahi evening news, Jan.


10, 1977: 1, 3. illus, NdCPR

Trilateral body sees need for 'recovery package.' Asahi evening news,
Jan. 12, 1977: 1. NdCPR

Novak, Jeremiah. Carter team plans international financial revision.


Christian Science monitor, Jan. 12, 1977: 11. N&CPR

' ~ a ~ ashould
n expect trade deficit in the near future.' Japan times,
Jan. 12, 1977: 1. illus. NdCPR
Comments made to the press by several participants in ,the Tokyo
meeting of the Trilateral Commission.

Greider, William. Trilateralists to abound in Carter's White House--but


what are they? Washington post, Jan. 16, 1977: A-1, A-4. N&CPR

The Trilateral Commission. Congressional record, 95th Congress, 1st ses-


sion, v. 123, Jan. 19, 1977: 1698-1703. Jll.R5, v. 123
Novak, J e r e m i a h . T r i l a t e r a l i s m : a new world s y s t e m . The ~ r i l a t e r a l
Commission h a s a t t r a c t e d some o f t h e b e s t minds o f E u r o p e , J a p a n and
t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , and i t i s n o t t o o e a r l y t o s p e a k o f a new ' i s m ' :
t r i l a t e r a l i s m . America, v . 136, Feb. 5 , 1977: 95-99.
BX801.A5, v . 136

Novak, J e r e m i a h . New world economic s y s t e m dawns. From t h e a s h e s of


B r e t t o n Woods, C a r t e r ' s proposed summit c o u l d g i v e t h e T r i l a t e r a l
Comnission a sendof f f o r i t s v i s i o n o f a p r o s p e r o u s , s t a b l e p l a n e t .
C h r i s t i a n S c i e n c e m o n i t o r , Feb. 7, 1977: 18-19. illus. NC CPR

Whitman, Marina v. N . C a r t e r ' s ' T r i l a t e r a l conspiracy. ' C h r i s t i a n Sci-


e n c e m o n i t o r , Feb. 7, 1977: 35. N& CPR
"... t h e r e i s no r e a l a l t e r n a t i v e t o working t o g e t h e r t o
s o l v e common problems i n an i n t e r d e p e n d e n t w o r l d . And t h a t , i n
e s s e n c e , i s what t h e ' ~ r i l a t e r a lc o n s p i r a c y ' i s a l l about ."
Lewis, P a u l . A White House s u p p l y d e p o t : t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission.
New York t i m e s , v . 1 2 6 , Feb. 1 3 , 1 9 7 7 , s e c t i o n 4: 5 . p o r t . NCCPR

" T r i l a t e r a l i s t s " a t top--new f o r e i g n - p o l i c y e l i t e . U.S. news h world r e -


p o r t , v. 8 2 , Feb. 21, 1977: 31. p o r t s . JKl.U65, v. 82

Matveev, ~ i k e n t i iA. "~rekhstoronnca?a strategica" i ee evol&tsiia.


Mirovaca ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye o t n o s h e n i r a , mart 1977: 14-24.
HClO.M5357, 1977

Hayden, Tom. The unchanging o f t h e g u a r d . C a r t e r ' s f o r e i g n p o l i c y i s i n


t h e h a n d s o f r e c y c l e d c o l d w a r r i o r s . R o l l i n g s t o n e , no. 234, Mar.
1 0 , 1977: 36-39. illus. MLl.R65, 1977

B r o d e r , David S. Back t o C a r t e r ' s b a s i c s . Washington p o s t , Mar. 13,


1977: C-7. NCCPR
S e e s t h e " T r i l a t e r a l i s t " s t r a i n a s one o f t h r e e i m p o r t a n t i n -
f l u e n c e s on t h e p r e s i d e n t ' s f o r e i g n p o l i c y .

B i r d , K a i . T r i l a t e r a l i s m g o e s t o work: c o - o p t i n g t h e t h i r d world
elites. N a t i o n , v . 224, Apr. 9 , 1977: 425-428. illus.
AP2.N2, v . 224

S e w e l l , James P. T r a d e - o f f s o f t r i l a t e r a l i s m : a Carter design? Inter-


n a t i o n a l p e r s p e c t i v e s , May/ J u n e 1977: 30-34. JX1.1635, 1977

T e n n i s o n , Debbie C . The T r i l a t e r a l Commission. N a t i o n a l d e f e n s e , v. 61,


~ a y / J u n e1977: 476-477. UF1.067, v . 61

A l l e n , Mark. James E. C a r t e r and t h e T r i l a t e r a l C o m i s s i o n : a s o u t h e r n


strategy. Black s c h o l a r , v . 8 , May 1977: 2-7. E185.5.B575, v . 8

Branch, T a y l o r . Where Jimmy went wrong. E s q u i r e , v. 8 7 , May 1977: 28,


30. p o r t . AP2.E845, v . 87
Bowles, Samuel. The Trilateral Commission: have capitalism and democ-
racy come to a parting of the ways? Progressive, v. 41, June 1977:
20-23. illus. AP2.P8655, v. 41

White, Donald K. New members of classy club: Miller, Cranston. San


Francisco chronicle, June 17, 1977: 62. port. N&CPR

Allen, Gary. America, 1977: in quicksand up to our waist. American


opinion, v. 20, July 1977: 1-5, 7-9, 11-13, 15-17, 19-20. ports.
AP2.04732, v. 20
On important figures in the Carter administration who have been
associated with the Council on Foreign Relations and/or the Tri-
lateral Commission.

Novak, Jeremiah. The trilateral connection. Atlantic, v. 240, July


1977: 57-59. AP2.A8, v. 240
A letter to the editor from Alfred A. Knopf, commenting briefly
on this article, appears in the Sept. 1977 issue, p. 28.

Manning, Robert A. The making of a President. Penthouse, v. 9, Sept.


1977: 118-119. illus. AP2.P413, v. 9
"His folksy, populist image notwithstanding, Carter's path to
the White House parallels the develop~entof the Trilateral Com-
mission ..."
Trilateral post goes to David Rockefeller. New York times, v. 126, Sept.
8, 1977: D-9. N&CPR
Rockefeller replaces Gerard C. Smith as North American chair-
man.

Collison, Robert. Is there a Rockefeller conspiracy in your future? The


Trilateral Commission has a grand design for a new world order;
you've been warned. Saturday night, v. 92, Oct. 1977: 30-31, 33-34+

Kyle, Keith. Trilateral power: will Russia get the cold shoulder?
Times (London), Oct. 11, 1977: 14. N&CPR

Martin, Patrick. Rocky's U.N. Maclean's, v. 90, Oct. 17, 1977: 44m-4411,
44r+

Brzezinski asserts U.S. makes gains on Mideast. New York times, v. 127,
Oct. 26, 1977: A-2. NCCPR
Summary of a statement made at a meeting of the Trilateral Com-
mission in Bonn.
Karpel, Craig S. Cartergate. Penthouse, v. 9 , Nov. 1977: 69-70, 72, 74,
90, 104, 106, 130; Dec.: 89-90, 94, 160, 166-167. col. illus.
AP2.P413, v. 9
Contents: 1. The death of democracy.--2. The real President
[Brzezinski]
"David ~ockefeller'sprivate club, the Trilateral Commission,
has taken over the Carter administration."

Allen, Gary. They're catching on. American opinion, v. 20, Nov. 1977:
1-4, 73-75, 77-79, 81, 83, 85, 87, 89-90; Dec.: 19-21, 23, 25, 27,
29, 31, 33-34, 105-110. illus. (part col.) AP2.04732, v. 20
Asserts that the Rockefellers groomed Carter for the presidency
and that his appointment of members of the Trilateral Commission
to important posts in his administration has given control of pol-
icy (especially foreign policy) to the wealthy establishment.

Brzezinski, Zbigniew K. U.S. policy in an awakened, complex world.


washington post, Nov. 1, 1977: A-19. illus. NGCPR
It. excerpted from an address to the Trilateral Commission in
Bonn Oct. 25."

Harley, Richard M. Trilateral Commission joins battle against hunger.


Christian Science monitor, Nov. 29, 1977: 20. illus. N&CPR

Frieden, Jeff. The Trilateral Commission: economics and politics in the


1970s. Monthly review, v. 29, Dec. 1977: 1-18. HXl.M66, v. 29
Comment by the editors follows on p. 19-21.

Wolfe, Alan. The trilateralist straddle: Carter's Russia watchers.


Nation, v. 225, Dec. 31, 1977: 712-715. illus. AP2.N2, v. 225

Carter y la 16gica del imperialismo. Hugo Assmann (ed.) Colaboran:


Noam Chomsky, Theotonio Dos Santos [et al. Ciudad Universitaria
Rodrigo Facio, Costa Rica] EDUCA, Editorial Universitaria Centro
Americana [I9781 2 v. (Coleccibn DEI) E873.C38
Includes bibliographic references. "~ibliografiasobre la
~omisi6nTrilateral": t. 1, p. 165-167.
Most of the articles and translations relating to the Trilat-
eral Commission are in t. 1.

Goldring, Maurice. Dkmocratie, croissance zkro. [Paris] ~ditionsso-


ciales [I9781 187 p. JC421 .G64
On The Crisis of Democracy.

Gomez Arango, Gilberto, Ernesto Parra Escobar. El nuevo orden econo-


mico international y la Trilateral. Bogota, Centro de Investigation
y Educacion Popular, 1978. 150 p. (Serie Controversia, no. 68/69)
HF1411.G654
Bibliography: p. 149-150.
Goshko, John M . T r i l a t e r a l g r o u p s t u d i e s m e r g e r . Washington p o s t , J a n .
1 8 , 1978: A-12. N&CPR
The T r i l a t e r a l Commission i s c o n s i d e r i n g a m e r g e r w i t h t h e A t -
l a n t i c I n s t i t u t e , a s i m i l a r p r i v a t e o r g a n i z a t i o n based i n P a r i s .

The T r i l a t e r a l o b s e r v e r . v . 1+ Feb. 1978+ S c o t t s d a l e , A r i z . , August


Corp. m o n t h l y .

U t k i n , A n a t o l i i I . ~ o n f s e ~ t ' s i i ' a" t r e k h s t o r o n n o s t i " v s t r a t e g i i i m p e r i a -


lizma . Mirovaca ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye o t n o s h e n i c a , f e b r 1978: .
13-23. HClO.M5357, 1978

Lanouet t e , William J . T r i l a t e r a l c o n s p i r a c y t h e o r i e s . National journal,


v . 1 0 , Feb. 1 1 , 1978: 235. JKl.N28, v . 10

Updated l i s t o f T r i l a t e r a l Commission members. C o n g r e s s i o n a l r e c o r d


[ d a i l y e d . ] , 95th C o n g r e s s , 2d s e s s i o n , v . 124, Feb. 21, 1978:
S1989-S1991. J l l . R 7 , v . 124

Brauch, Hans G . The new i n t e r n a t i o n a l economic o r d e r and t h e USA. Aus-


s e n p o l i t i k , E n g l i s h e d . , v . 2 9 , 2d q u a r t e r 1978: 175-189.
D839 .A8853, v . 29
"The a t t i t u d e s o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Coamissian, t h e O v e r s e a s De-
velopment C o u n c i l , t h e Worldwatch I n s t i t u t e and t h e l o b b y o r g a n i z -
a t i o n , New ~ i r e c t i o n s "a r e d e s c r i b e d a s examples.

D u a r t e , Gorjilo, CommissZo t r i l a t e r a l : internacional c a p i t a l i s t a . Eco-


nomia E C , a b r i l / m a i o 1978: 5-16.

A l l e n , Gary. They r u n America. American o p i n i o n , v . 21, May 1978: 1-4,


71-77, 79, 8 1 , 83, 85-88; J u n e : 33-37, 39-41, 4 3 , 4 5 , 4 7 , 4 9 , 5 1 ,
53, 55-56, 105, 1 0 7 , 109-110. i l l u s . (part col.) AP2 .O4732, v . 21
Names i n d i v i d u a l s who a r e members o f t h e C o u n c i l o n F o r e i g n Re-
l a t i o n s and t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission and e x e c u t i v e s o f m u l t i n a -
t i o n a l c o r p o r a t i o n s and i n t e r n a t i o n a l b a n k s .

~ i t t m a n ,J o h n . ' ~ r i l a t e r a l i s m l - - u . S . i m p e r i a l i s m ' s new s c e n a r i o . World


M a r x i s t r e v i e w , v . 2 1 , May 1978: 104-114. HX8.P723, v . 21

We' ve been a s k e d - - ~ r i l a t e r a l commission: how i n f l u e n t i a l ? U .S. news &


world r e p o r t , v . 8 4 , May 22, 1978: 74-75. ports. JKl.U65, v . 84
I n c l u d e s i n s e t s on former t r i l a t e r a l i s t s i n t h e C a r t e r adminis-
t r a t i o n and p r o n i n e n t R e p u b l i c a n s on t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission.

H i l l p a n e l , l a b o r c h a l l e n g e C a r t e r on f o r e i g n p o l i c y . 'Growing f e e l i n g
o f u n c e r t a i n t y , ' by Hobart Rowen. Washington p o s t , June 1 2 , 1978:
1 A - port. N&CPR
R e p o r t s on a n a d d r e s s by S o l C . C h a i k i n , p r e s i d e n t o f t h e ILGWU
and a new member o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission, g i v e n a t t h e open-
i n g s e s s i o n o f t h e l a t t e r g r o u p ' s Washington m e e t i n g .
Rowen, H o b a r t . O i l s u p p l y a d e q u a t e , p o s s i b l y t o 1 9 9 0 ~T ~r i l a t e r a l Com-
m i s s i o n s t u d y c o n c l u d e s . Washington p o s t , J u n e 14, 1978: D-9, D-10.
Nd CPR
Also n o t e s t h a t t h e commission, d u r i n g i t s Washington m e e t i n g ,
"voted t o e x t e n d i t s l i f e f o r a n o t h e r t h r e e y e a r s . A p r o p o s a l t o
merge w i t h t h e A t l a n t i c I n s t i t u t e was s c r a p p e d . "

H a l l o r a n , R i c h a r d . T r i l a t e r a l u n i t c r i t i c i z e s o f f i c i a l p l a n s on e n e r g y .
New York t i m e s , v . 1 2 7 , June 1 5 , 1978: D-4. NhCPR

G r e i d e r , William. T r i l a t e r a l i s t s : b i g t y c o o n s on d e f e n s i v e . Washington
p o s t , June 1 9 , 1978: A-1, A-14, A - 1 5 . NbCPR

Zorgbibe, Charles. ~ r i l a t d r a l i s m e . Defense n a t i o n a l e , 34. a n n e e , j u i l .


1978: 41-53. D410.R45, v. 34

~ o r o n ~ s o v~ ,e n n a d i iA. T r i l a t e r a l i s t w - n e w i m p e r i a l i s t s t r a t e g y . New
t i m e s ( M O S C O W no.
), 43, Oct. 1978: 18-20. D839.N483, 1978

Karaganov, S. The T r i l a t e r a l c o o r d i n a t i o n c e n t r e f o r i m p e r i a l i s t p o l i c y .
, Dec. 1978: 106-110. D839.1465, 1978
I n t e r n a t i o n a l a f f a i r s (MOSCOW)

Lemann, N i c h o l a s . A c a l l t o f a r m s . Texas m o n t h l y , v . 6 , Dec. 1978: 169-


1 7 0 , 1 7 2 , 1 7 4 , 176. i l l u s . F381.T363, v. 6
"When p o p u l i s t o r a t o r J. C. Lewis warns o f a [ T r i l a t e r a l Com-
m i s s i o n ] c o n s p i r a c y t o t a k e o v e r t h e w o r l d , p e o p l e i n t h e farm
belt listen ."
O r r a n t i a , Mikel. La T r i l a t e r a l ; 10s c e n t r o s d e poder . D o n o s t i a , Hordago
[ I 9 7 9 1 338 p. HF1411.0666
B i b l i o g r a p h y : p. 333-334.

S u t t o n , Antony C. , and p a t r i c k M. Wood. T r i l a t e r a l s o v e r Washington.


[ S c o t t s d a l e , A r i z . ] August Corp. [1979, ~ 1 9 7 8 1 188 p . HF1411.S8864

V a l 1 i e r e s , P i e r r e . La democrat i e i n g o u v e r n a b l e .
M o n t r e a l , ~ u d b e cAme-
l
r i q u e [ I 9 7 9 1 232 p. HF1411.V35
C o n t e n t s : Le " ~ e wDeal" d e s annees 80.--Le v i r u s d u f a s c i s m e .
--Le coup d ' k t a t d e David Rockefeller.-La stratbgie trilatbrale.
--Les "excks" d e l a ddmocratie.--Une g u e r r e finir.

~ o r o n t ^ s o v , ~ e n n a d i zA. ~ r e k h s t o r o n n c a l " a kontr'septnsica: teorilr'a i prak-


t i k a . Voprosy i s t o r i i , a p r . 1979: 94-109. D1.V6, 1979

Lernoux, Penny. T r i l a t e r a l Commission p r o t e c t s F i r s t World c o r p o r a t e em-


p i r e . N a t i o n a l C a t h o l i c r e p o r t e r , v . 1 5 , Apr. 1 7 , 1979: 8 , 10.
illus. Micro 02591 B X
F a l k , R i c h a r d . T r i l a t e r a l i z a t i o n . I n h i s A world o r d e r p e r s p e c t i v e on
a u t h o r i t a r i a n t e n d e n c i e s . A l t e r n a t i v e s , v . 5 , Aug. 1979: 171-176.
map.
P a r t o f a s t u d y o f " t h e growing g l o b a l t r e n d toward a u t h o r i -
t a r i a n regimes .'I The map ( p . 172) shows " T r i l a t e r a l i z e d coun-
t r i e s .'I

D u p e r i e r , L i s a . The T r i l a t e r a l Comnission: o r g a n i z a t i o n and i m p a c t .


Washington, House Wednesday Group, 1980. 13 l e a v e s . (Wednesday
Group s t a f f r e p o r t )

S k l a r , H o l l y , &. T r i l a t e r a l i s m : t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission and e l i t e


p l a n n i n g f o r world management. Boston, South End P r e s s , 1980.
604 p.

Trilateralism. A s p e c i a l p u b l i c a t i o n by t h e New York C i r c u s . [New York,


New York C i r c u s , 19801 36 p . i l l u s . HF1456 1380.T74

Wilkerson, B i l l . The B o c k e f e l l e r t r i a n g l e ; a c o u n t r y e d i t o r ' s documented


r e p o r t on t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission p l a n f o r world government. Ida-
l o u , Tex., I d a l o u Beacon, 1980. 44 p. JC362.W519

Rees, John. P o p u l a r h i s t o r i a n Gary A l l e n : an e x c l u s i v e i n t e r v i e w w i t h


t h e leading a u t h o r i t y on t r i l a t e r a l i s m . Review o f t h e news, v . 1 6 ,
Feb. 27, 1980: 39-41, 43, 45, 4 7 , 49, 51, 53-54. port.
D839.R42, v . 16

G u i l t by a s s o c i a t i o n . M a c l e a n ' s , v. 9 3 , Mar. 1 0 , 1980: 33.

Mayer, A l l a n J . , and o t h e r s . The ~ r i l a t e r a le l i t e . Newsweek, v . 95,


Mar. 24, 1980: 38. i l l u s . AP2.N6772, v. 95

We've been a s k e d - - j u s t what i s t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission? U.S. news &


world r e p o r t , v. 88, Apr. 7, 1980: 37. p o r t s . JKl.U65, v. 88

K r i s t o l , I r v i n g . The T r i l a t e r a l Commission f a c t o r . Wall S t r e e t j o u r n a l ,


v. 1 9 5 , Apr. 1 6 , 1980: 26. N&CPR

Novak, J e r e m i a h . The T r i l a t e r a l c o n t r o v e r s y . Christian science monitor,


Apr. 1 7 , 1980: 12-13. illus. N&CPR

Heck, C h a r l e s B. No ' N o r t h American s h e l l . ' C h r i s t i a n s c i e n c e m o n i t o r ,


Apr. 1 7 , 1980: 13. N&CPR
Comments by t h e North American s e c r e t a r y o f t h e T r i l a t e r a l Com-
m i s s i o n on s a n e o f t h e p o i n t s made by Novak ( s e e p r e c e d i n g e n t r y ) .

R o c k e f e l l e r , David. ' ~ o o l i s ha t t a c k s on f a l s e i s s u e s . ' Wall S t r e e t


j o u r n a l , v . 195, Apr. 3 0 , 1980: 26. N&CPR
Defends t h e Commission a g a i n s t e x t r e m i s t c r i t i c s .
A l l e n , Gary. David R o c k e f e l l e r . American o p i n i o n , v . 2 3 , May 1980: 1-4,
87-89, 91, 93, 95, 97-98. col. ports. AP2.04732, v . 23
"David R o c k e f e l l e r , who h e a d s t h e T r i l a t e r a l s , h a s become a h o t
political issue ."
S t a n g , Alan. What t h e T r i l a t e r a l s want from you. American o p i n i o n ,
v . 2 3 , May 1980: 5-7, 9-10, 9 9 , 1 0 1 , 103-104, 106, 109-110. col.
port. AP2.04732, v . 23
The p o r t r a i t i s o f B r z e z i n s k i .
The T r i l a t e r a l Commission's membership l i s t a s o f Nov. 20,
1 9 7 9 , i s r e p r o d u c e d on p. 11, 13-14 o f t h i s i s s u e .

R o c k e f e l l e r , David. In pursuit o f a consistent foreign policy: the Tri-


l a t e r a l Comnission. V i t a l s p e e c h e s o f t h e d a y , v. 4 6 , J u n e 1 5 ,
1980: 517-520. PN6121.V52, v . 46
D e l i v e r e d a t t h e Los Angeles World A f f a i r s C o u n c i l , Apr. 1 0 ,
1980.

F e r g u s o n , Thomas, -
and J o e l R o g e r s . Another T r i l a t e r a l e l e c t i o n ? N a t i o n ,
v . 230, June 2 8 , 1980: 771, 783-787. AP2.N2, v . 230
Examines why t h e T r i l a t e r a l Commission "emerged under Nixon,
came t o power w i t h C a r t e r , and now must c o n t e n d w i t h t h e r i s e of
Ronald Reagan."

Novak, J e r e m i a h . The t r i l a t e r a l e r a . Worldview, v . 23, Aug. 1980: 21-


23. D839.W66, v. 23

R o c k e f e l l e r , David. The T r i l a t e r a l Commission e x p l a i n e d . S a t u r d a y eve-


n i n g p o s t , v . 252, O c t . 1980: 3 6 , 38, 84. p o r t . AP2.S22, v . 252

F l i n t , J e r r y . What's a T r i l a t e r a l Commission? F o r b e s , v . 1 2 6 , Nov. 24,


1980: 45-46, 4 9 . i l l u s . , ports. HF5001.F6, v . 126

May 1981