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Use and importance of Eresources in Academic Libraries


Sangeeta Dharade* Research Scholar Dept. of L I S. M.P.Bhoj (open) university, Bhopal

AbstractLibraries play a very important role in this fast changing eenvironment of publishing. Their role includes identification of selection of information, its organization of management, storage retrieval and dissemination to right users at the right time at right place at right price and in right format. The goal of any academic libraries is to meet the teaching, research and other information needs of the user. The paper discuses the necessarily increasing the information resources in electronic form to meet the current demand of academic libraries and institutions at affordable cost and also discuses use and importance of e-resources among libraries and information centers. Key Words- e-resources, Academic library, Internet, e-journal, ebook, Introduction Advances in computer applications during the past few decades have brought radical changes in the way information is gathered, store, organized, accessed, retrieved and consumed. The application of computers in information processing has brought several products and services to the scene. The Internet and the Web are constantly influencing the development of new modes of scholarly communication; their potential for delivering goods is quite vast, as they overcome successfully the geographical limitations associated with the print media. Further, the distribution time between product publication and its delivery has been drastically reduced. The Internet can be used for efficient retrieval and meeting information needs. This is very important for Academic libraries since most of them call for more and more research work. This important fact is convincing many libraries to move towards digital e-resources, which are found to be less expensive and more useful for easy access. This is especially helpful to distant learners who have limited time to access the libraries from outside by dial-up access to commonly available

electronic resources, mainly CD-ROM, OPAC and Internet, which are replacing the print media. Academic libraries have responded to major changes in the nature of their collections and user demands while materials budgets have provided less purchasing power than in the previous decades. Partly due to general economic factors (inflation, weak rupees abroad, increased publishing costs) and partly due to other demands on university budgets (technology, student demographics, staff benefits), library materials budgets have tended to diminish, if not in actual dollars, certainly in what could be purchased and in the percentage of needed materials acquired. Academic Libraries, like all types of libraries, are in transition as they move from books on shelves to bytes on computers. Academic libraries, limited by space and staff to cover their hours of operation, have created 24-hour, digital information commons. The librarian focus on the millennial undergraduate features a virtual library that highlights extensive software suites and modules with computers where students can work collaboratively 24 hours a day, an expanded center for writing instruction, and a center for computer training, technical assistance, and repair. To transition to this type of library can be a challenge for a profession not noted for the embrace of dynamic change initiatives and paradigms

E-resources
E-resources are those resources which include documents in electronic or e-format that can be accessed via Internet in digital library environment. E-resources are that electronic product that delivers a collection of data, be it text, image collection, other multimedia products like numerical, graphical mode for commercially available for library and information centres. These may be delivered on CD-ROM / DVD, over the Internet and so on. Providing access to e-resources is a service to help library users to find e-Databases, e-Journals, e-magazines-Books/ e-Audio/ eImages, Data/ GIS, Digital Library Projects, Electronic Exhibitions-Subject Guide, e-newsletters, E-White papers, e-conferences proceedings and Web search tools on a range of topic. Many of the electronic resources are freely available to anyone over Internet access but some are commercial resources. Information and communication technology is one of the important buzzwords of todays world. It has changed the society into information society and is way of life.

Electronic Resources Definition Resources on the Research Databases Web page are drawn from records in the Electronic Resources Module (ERM). For the purpose of the Research Databases Web page

these are defined as online information resources, including bibliographic databases, electronic reference books, search engines for full text collections, digital collections of data and data sets. Not included are individual non-reference e-books and individual e-journals. There are several advantages Our e-Resources provide access to literally thousands of magazines and newspapersfar more than the library could possibly subscribe to in paper format. Some e-Resources include publication subscriptions dating back the last 10 years (or more!). While we do have backdated microfilm for a handful of newspapers, most magazines and newspapers are only kept for a period of months. You can search our e-Resources to find articles on a particular subject from many different publications at the same time without having to search each publication separately. They are especially useful for finding information not yet available in books, or obtaining up-to-date information on current events or issues. e-resources provide us with authoritative, accurate, current, objective reference material not readily available through a search engine like Google (more on this later...) e-Resources are free to library users, and if you have a BPL card you can access them from any computer with Internet access, 24 hours a day, 7 days a weekyou dont have to wait for the library to open to access them.

Perhaps most important however, is that everyday more and more of our library resources become electronic. This trend is particularly noticeable as it applies to the information desk and reference questions. But this should come as no shock to the practiced Information Service providerweve all watched as the Internet has become a staple in our tackle box of reference tools: Use of various e-resources: Databases The Internet facilitates the building of specialized databases by a particular institution, or consortium, and the making of these widely accessible for use by other organizations. For example, the Museum Educational Site Licensing Project, initiated by the J, Paul Getty Trust, Is making art Images and information from six museums (including the National Gallery of Art) available to seven

universities. The databases thus created combine text and digital images and are designed for use in teaching m art and related disciplines. Academic Libraries are participating in the project as test sites, performing research on access modes and evaluating use. E-Journals Electronic publishing has led to a new era of communications and information sharing. Electronic journals have helped publishers and scholars to disseminate information much more quickly than was previously possible. Initially, electronic journals were seen by many as a passing fad. Many in the library profession considered them problematic and inappropriate for library collections since they presented problems In terms of acquisitions, subscriptions, cataloguing, and archiving. Automating journals was a logical progression of the trend in libraries to automate routine practice such as cataloguing and circulation. The emergence of electronic journals followed the widespread adoption and use of electronic mail, list serves and discussion groups to disseminate information quickly to large audiences. Franks (I993a) offers several reasons why electronic publishing was adopted by scholarly research Journals long before it was used far other kinds of publications:The intended audience uses the Internet more than. The general population and is familiar with using documents in an electronic form; Libraries are experiencing extreme financial hardship and cutbacks in funding; There is a strong move for scholars to find less costly ways to promote their work. E-Books An e-Book is based both on emulating the basic characteristics of Traditional Books in an Electronic format as well as leveraging internet Technology to make an e-Book easy and efficient to use. An e-Book can take the form of a single monograph or/a multivolume set of books in a digital format that allow for viewing on various types of monitors, devices, and personal computer. It should allow searching for specific information across a collection of books and within a book. An e-book should utilize the benefits of the internet by providing the ability to embed multimedia data,

to link to other electronic resources and to cross reference information across multiple resources. Electronic Thesis and Dissertation (ETD) Now days, thesis is presented in an electronic medium which is called an ethesis 0r e-dissertation. An ETD is an electronic document that explains the intellectual Works or research of a researcher. It is expressed in a form simultaneously suitable for Machine archives and world wide retrieval as well as similar to its paper predecessor.ETD is different; however, it provides a technologically advanced medium by any word Processor for expressing ideas with less expensive, small space, easy handling, high Longevity and never collect dust. At users choice, they can be available to any one that can browse the following World Wide Web. www.unesco.org/webworld.etd/contribution.html http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses http://www.exim-India.com www.geocites.com www.moe.edu.sg.etc. E-Zine (E- Magazine) E-zine means electronic magazine/periodicals and it is also called web-zine. The Articles that are stored on a file server may be distributed or accessed via a computer Network. Some sources of e-zine are: www.webzine.htm, www.@brint.com,www.musicindia.com, www.indiatoday.com, www.bestindiansite.com,www.news.site.com, etc. E-Mail Electronic mail, commonly known as email or e-mail, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients. Modern email operates across the Internet or other computer networks. Some early email systems required that the author and the recipient both be online at the same time, in common with instant messaging. Today's email systems are based on a store-and-forward model. Email servers accept, forward, deliver and store messages. Neither the users nor their computers are required to be online simultaneously; they need connect only briefly, typically to an email server, for as long as it takes to send or receive messages.
WWW

In special information units (he traditional online databases and familiar CD-KOM products have been joined by the Internet and World Wide Web (WWW), electronic journals, groupware, e-mail and Intranets, Technology Is advancing at a phenomenal pact and information managers face a relentless deluge of new electronic products and services on the market. In developing facilities geared towards improving end-user access the goal is therefore to s'minimize the skill but maximize the power. An example of the technology used to achieve this is the 259.50 protocol which allows searching on a variety of different databases (with different: structures) Using the same set of commands. The World Wide Web currently represents the single most important common interface from which to access a diverse and desperate range of information.

E-Newspaper Like ETD, an electronic newspaper is a self contained, reusable, and refreshable Version of a traditional newspaper that acquires and holds all information in the Newspaper electronically. (The electronic newspaper should not be confused with Newspapers that offer an online version at a web site). The near-future technologyresearchers expect to have the product available as soon as 2003 will use e-paper (i.e. electronic paper) as the major component. Information to be displayed will be downloaded through a Wireless Internet Connection. A number of versions of the future technology are in development, although there are two frontrunners: Xeroxs Palo Alto Research Centre (PARC) is working on a newspaper that would consist of a single sheet of their epaper (called Gyricon), while Lucent, in partnership with a Company called E-Inl, is working hard and sole on a multi-page device/ scheme (called E-Ink). Internet. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (often called TCP/IP, although not all protocols use TCP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support email. E-Bibliographic Databases A bibliographic database is a database of bibliographic records, an organized digital collection of references to published

literature, including journal and newspaper articles, conference proceedings, reports, government and legal publications, patents, books, etc. In contrast to library catalogue entries, a large proportion of the bibliographic records in bibliographic databases describe analytics (articles, conference papers, etc.) rather than complete monographs, and they generally contain very rich subject descriptions in the form of keywords, subject classification terms, or abstract. E-Maps
The E-Map (or Electronic Map) is a Visual way for you to know where, physically, your cameras, sensors, and relays are located. You provide a JPEG or BMP of your facility, and using the E-Map Setup, put the cameras on the map. You can even point the camera icon in any of 8 directions so you know what it's looking at.

E-Data archives E-Research Reports E-Manuscripts Reasons for Using E-Resources:

Time Consuming Less Expensive Time saving More Useful Easy to Use, and More Informative

Academic Libraries in the Digital Age A well established library is essential for any academic institution. As a focal point for teaching, learning, and research, it is expected to provide standard information resources. Today, academic libraries are struggling to keep their place as the major source of inquiry in the face of emerging digital technology. Digital technology has revolutionized not only the way information is packaged, processed, stored, and disseminated, but also how users seek and access information. Academic libraries no longer

restrict themselves to print services such as collection development, cataloguing and classification, circulation and reference services, current awareness, selective dissemination, and other bibliographic services, but have extended their efforts to interdisciplinary concepts and computer software and hardware and telecommunication engineering and technology. Academic libraries presently are faced with not only the decision on what books and journals to acquire to satisfy faculty and students but also on how to remain relevant in the digital era, mindful of low budgets and resentment on the part of institutional administrators. There is also the issue of library users opting for alternate, more convenient, and "qualitative" sources of information (the Internet). As Lombardi (2000) notes, users will prefer more computer content, more and more computer indices, digitized finding aids, digital repositories of articles, online access to newspapers, etc. Libraries also struggle with when, how, who, and where to begin digitization efforts, while keeping in mind that hesitation in the digitization of institutional archives will result in relinquishing the function to another institutional repository host. The consequence is repositioning of academic libraries resources, operations, services and skills. Resources today occur in hybridized form: print and electronic, and therefore services provided and skills possessed by professionals in these libraries should reflect that trend.
Conclusion

The information and communication technology has repositioned the frontiers of academic library resources, operations, and services as well as expectations of user groups. The practice of walking to the library to consult the card catalogue and browse the shelves is moribund in developed countries, and this trend is quickly approaching developing countries as well. Academic libraries must embrace this scenario. The print/e-resources access model can serve as a stepping stone. When such a step is taken, academic libraries must remember expandability, flexibility, and compatibility. References: 1 Sharma, chetan use and impact of e-resources at guru govind singh indraprasth university ( India) : a case study. In Electonic journal of academic and special librarianship, southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v10n01/sharma_c01.html 2 Naidu ,GHS & Rajput Prabhat & Motiyani Kavita, Use of Electronic Resources and Services in University Libraries: A Study of DAVV Central Library, Indore. In:NACLIN 2007, p309-319.

Naqvi Shehbaz ,Husain Use of Electronic Resources at Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University): A Case Study, In: NACLIN 2007, p320-324.

4. Renwick, Shamin, Knoweledge and Use of Electronic Resources by Medical Science Faculty at the University of the West Indies. Libri, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2004, p58-64. 5. Kaur, Baljinder & Verma Rama, Use of Electronic Resources at TIET Library Patiala: A Case Study. ILA Bulletin, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2006, p 18-20. 6. A Jaya Prakash, Role of e-journal consortium in 21 st rd Century,3 Convention PLANNER -2005, Assam Univ., Silchar, 10-11 Nov., 2005.ir.inflibnet.ac.in/dxml/bitstream/handle/1944/1413/53.pdf? 7.Chinwe V. Anunobi, Ifeyinwa B. Okoye, The Role of Academic Libraries in Universal Access to Print and Electronic Resources in the Developing Countries, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/anunobi-okoye.htm 8.Manoj Kumar Sinha, Gauri Singha and Bimal Sinha Usage of Electronic Resources Available Under UGC-INFONET Digital Library
Consortium by Assam University Library Users, 8th International CALIBER - 2011, Goa University, Goa, March , 02-042011 INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad p491.

9. Retrived by/ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Email