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"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

Final Technical Report


9 ACP RPR 128 Accounting No. RPR/006/07 EDF IX Support to formulate an Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan for Jamaica Project ref. N CAR - 1.4 - B4a Region: Caribbean, Country: Jamaica
Date: 10 December 2012

Assignement by :

This project if financed by the European Union

This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the consultant and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the views of the concerned governments.

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

Table of contents
Acknowledgements .......................................................................................................................... 4 Abbreviations and Acronyms.................................................................................................... 5 Executive Summary......................................................................................................................... 6 1.
1.1 1.2

Background................................................................................................................................... 8
Aquaculture in Jamaica ................................................................................................................................. 8 Synergies with other projects/programmes : ................................................................................. 9

2.
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6

Approach to the assignement ................................................................................... 10


Phase I ..................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Phase II.................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Phase III ................................................................................................................................................................... 11 Participatory approach with Stakeholders .................................................................................... 11 Work Schedule:................................................................................................................................................... 12 Communication and visibility approach ............................................................................................. 12

3.

Comments on Terms of References .......................................................................14

3.1 Lesson learned from this planning exercise ....................................................................................15 3.1.1 Working Time consideration ..................................................................................................................................... 15 3.1.2 Terms of References and beneficiaries need....................................................................................... 15

4.
4.1

Organization and Methodology ..................................................................................16


Delivery of Terms of Reference............................................................................................................. 16

4.2 Conduct and details of the assignment ........................................................................................... 19 4.2.1 IR and Jamaican aquaculture short review............................................................................................19 4.2.2 Participatory activities and field trips.....................................................................................................19 4.2.3 Expert Consultation meeting ...........................................................................................................................20 4.2.4 Final Validation workshop......................................................................................................................................21 4.2.5 GIS/zoning, land and water maps, physical plan...................................................................................21 4.2.6 Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan and Medium Term Priority Programme for Jamaica, Blueprint..................................................................................................................................21 4.2.7 Additional technical outputs.............................................................................................................................22

5.

Conclusions and recommendations.........................................................................24

5.1 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................................ 24 5.1.1 Jamaican aquaculture general analysis and appraisal.....................................................................24

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5.1.2 5.2

Project Implementation.........................................................................................................................................24 Recommendations ...........................................................................................................................................25

Annexes .................................................................................................................................................26 Annex I : Terms of Reference ...................................................................................................... Annex II : Inception ReportAnnex III : Itinerary, institutions and individuals consulted .................................................................................................................................................. Annex III : Itinerary, institutions and individuals consulted .................................... Annex IV: List of reports and documents consulted................................................... Annex V: Photographs of project, key activities and events to illustrate field activities and achieved results .....................................................................................
V.1. Selection of Photographs:.................................................................................................................................... V.2. Press releases produced ......................................................................................................................................

Annex VI: Technical documents produced ...........................................................................


VI.1. Jamaican Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan Medium Term Priority Programme ............................................................................................................................................................................... VI.2. Aquaculture Zonation using GIS report............................................................................................................ VI.3. Guidelines for Aquaculture Feasibility Study ................................................................................................ VI.4. Guidelines for Applied Research and Development protocol ................................................................ VI.5. Tilapia Feed and feeding guidelines ..................................................................................................................

Annex VII : Participatory approach implementation (meetings, workshops, field visits).....................................................................................................................


VII.1. Participatory assessment of Jamaican Aquaculture...................................................................... VII.2. Expert consultation meeting .......................................................................................................................... VII.2.A. Zonation using GIS............................................................................................................................................................... VII.2.B. Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development......................................................................................... VII.3. GIS explanation and training Workshop ................................................................................................... VII.4. Final Validation Workshop Meeting..............................................................................................................

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Acknowledgements
The Consultant is indebted to the work of all National and International Consultants who shaped the Jamaican Medium Term Priority Programme / Action plan proposed to revitalize aquaculture in Jamaica following the Jamaican Land and Water Use Development Plan developed. The Consultant would like to acknowledge the invaluable logistical support and technical advice of the Aquaculture Branch and Fisheries Divisions. We would also like to express our thanks for the co-operation of the various government departments, agencies and individuals who provided key information for the success of the project and the outputs produced; particularly the Rural Physical Planning Department and other state agencies which collaborated through the provision of data and participation in the GIS/zoning activities The Consultant would like to address particular thanks to Mrs. Avery Smikle, Head of Aquaculture Branch, who had a very strong contribution to the project as National Coordinator. Thanks to the staff of the National Spatial Data Management Division who travelled across the country with the consultants for their patience, sense of humor and determination. In addition, the Consultant received encouragement and support from various stakeholders from public and private sectors, non-governmental organizations, the farming communities and their representatives. This support made possible the formulation of the Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan for Jamaica as well as the Medium Term Priority Programme for aquaculture development. The Consultant is grateful to Dr. Sandra Grant representing the ACP Fish II Programme Regional Facilitation Unit for the guidance provided throughout the project implementation and for contributing to create a suitable working environment. Several Fisheries Division managers as Mr. Andre Kong and Mr. Stephen Smikle demonstrated a great interest in providing support to the development of Jamaicas Aquaculture sector in the preparation of the technical outputs. Specific thanks to Mr. Pole Dave and Mr. Derrick Spencer, aquaculture specialists, and thanks to the Fishery Division and Aquaculture Branch staff for their unfailing support and patience. Not to forget the logistic and communication efforts of the Technical Team and the Jamaican fish farmers always ready to provide their support, and to express their valuable and practical opinions from the ground.

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Abbreviations and Acronyms


ACP AIC ALWUDP AP EU FAO FD FTR GIS IR M&E MoAF MTPP NEPA ODPEM RFU RPPU ToR TCP TL TT UN USAID UWI K1 K2 African Caribbean Pacific Agro-Investment Corporation Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan for Jamaica Action Plan European Union Food and Agriculture Organization Fishery Division Final Technical Report Geographical Information System Inception Report Monitoring and Evaluation Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery Medium Term Priority Programme National Environmental and Planning Agency Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management Regional Facilitation Unit Rural Physical Planning Unit Term of Reference Technical Country Project Team Leader Technical team United Nations United States Aid University of West Indies Team leader, Aquaculture expert Consultant, GIS and zoning expert

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Executive Summary
The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries identified a need for technical assistance to develop an Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan in support to Jamaicas aquaculture sector. This project was implemented within the framework of the ACP FISH II programme, funded by the European Union and aiming to strengthen fisheries management in ACP countries as well as to improve food security and benefits from fish products. Thus the project called Support to formulate an Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan has been implemented by a team from SOFREOC, a consulting firm selected by ACP FISH II. The Team was composed of one aquaculture development specialist, Mr Gianluigi Negroni and one GIS/Zoning specialist, Mr Erik Van Der Zee. The project was implemented in three phase over the period from June to October 2012 through a participatory approach involving Jamaican stakeholders. A Technical Team has been constituted with members of Fisheries Division, Aquaculture Branch and Rural physical planning Unit (RPPU) It designed, organized and implemented several participatory activities, such as participatory field trips (visiting the parishes of St. Catherine, Westmoreland, Claredon, St. Mary, St. Thomas, St. Elizabeth, Portland and Spanish Town), focus group meetings, experts consultation meetings, GIS training and the final validation workshop. (Report on field trips and meetings are presented in Annex VII) As a result of the participatory approach implemented, the consultant agreed to provide several additional technical outputs which were not originally included in the Terms of Reference of the project. Hence the technical outputs produced are summarized hereafter: 1) The Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan (ALWUDP)

2) A Medium Term Priority Programme (MTTP) /Action Plan for revitalizing aquaculture in Jamaica Note : These two outputs have been developed in the same document called : Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan - Medium Term Priority Programme/Action Plan. Their common objectives is to revitalize Jamaican Aquaculture. They both rely on a diagnostic of the sector presented in the document through a review of Jamaican aquaculture sector, a SWOT analysis, and zonation of suitable areas for aquaculture development using GIS. This key work is further detailed in Annex VI. Aquaculture Zonation using GIS report presenting the approach and maps reflecting the land and water suitability for Aquaculture development 3) Guidelines for Aquaculture Feasibility Study (These guidelines were requested by the stakeholders as template for some activities of the MTTP/Action plan) 4) Guidelines for Applied Research and Development protocol (These guidelines were requested by the stakeholders as template for some activities of the MTTP/Action plan) 5) Tilapia Feed and feeding guidelines (These guidelines were requested by the stakeholders) The Aquaculture Land and Water Used Development plan is based on the aquaculture sector diagnostic and the GIS/ Zoning work. The maps produced by the project are as follows:

Map 1 Inland aquaculture suitability based on five land characteristics Map 2 Inland aquaculture suitability based on only two land characteristics, Map 3 Coastal marine aquaculture potential, and

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Map 4 Off shore marine aquaculture potential.

Depending on the calculation method used, available inland areas suited to aquaculture total 75,631 ha (based on suitability ratings for five land characteristics) or 136,669 ha (based on suitability ratings for two land characteristics). The parishes1 with substantial, suitable aquaculture areas are St. Catherine, Clarendon, St. Mary and St. Thomas (Maps 1 and 2). 23 coastal areas have been identified as having mariculture possibilities (Map 3), and the 15 most favourable offshore areas have been identified (Map 4). Partial data used leaded the consulting team to rely on interview and knowledge of stakeholders to complete the data sets for creating the maps. One of the most important outputs of the mission according to the stakeholders request is the MTPP/Action Plan that proposes 5 components and related activities as follows:

Component 1: Bridge component Component 2: Executive agency partnerships Component 3: Strengthening fish farmers associations Component 4: Domestic aquaculture marketing Component 5: Aquaculture sector applied research and development activities.

A final workshop was organized to present the ALWUDP and the MTTP to all the beneficiaries personnel and interested stakeholders. The complete and reviewed MTTP for revitalizing Aquaculture sector in Jamaica was introduced to the highest MoAF authorities. A consensus was reached about the document, its content and lay out as shown in the workshop report presented in Annex VII. The project provided some answers about the Jamaican Aquaculture sector planning needs to revitalize it and to increase its productivity and economic return. It is recommended that the TT adjusts and updates periodically the outputs produced by the mission according to the evolution of the situation and the expectation of the stakeholders with a specific focus on the MTTP/Action Plan.

Territorial unit of Jamaica similar to a province in the EU .

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1. Background
This project to support the Jamaican aquaculture development is the natural result of the FAO Technical Country project (TCP). In this framework, international consultants, local stakeholders and FAO technical officers produced the Plan For Aquaculture Development in Jamaica 2012 2025 that well sum up all the produced aquaculture documentation and statistics and recommends the draft of an ALWUDP. Hence, the ALWUDP is based on the above study and in line with the previous work, the project synthesized a brief review and appraisal of the Jamaican aquaculture situation (See Annex VI ALWUDP - MTTP).

1.1

Aquaculture in Jamaica

Aquaculture was first introduced to Jamaica during the 1950s; however, commercial aquaculture did not start until 1976 through a project funded by a joint initiative of the USAID and Government of Jamaica (GOJ). This project led to the successful introduction and commercialization of the red hybrid tilapia. In 1977, Crassostrea rhizophorae, the mangrove oyster, and its culture, was introduced to Jamaica, through a University of West Indies / Government of Jamaica (UWI/GOJ) project funded by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC). The main fish species cultured are tilapia (red hybrid of Oreochromis niloticus), white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei), freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii), assorted ornamental aquatic flora and fauna species as well as shellfish culture i.e. mangrove oyster (Crassostrea rhizophorae). Aquaculture mainly takes place in the central plains in the south of the country nearby Clarendron and Saint Catherine, where the types of soil and water are favorable. Other aquaculture zones of less importance are: Saint Elizabeth and Westmoreland in the south and Saint Mary and Portland in the North East of the island as well as Trelawny in the northern part of the island. Marine aquaculture is scarcely developed with two shrimp farms and few oyster experimental areas. The main characteristics of aquaculture in Jamaica are: 90 % inland aquaculture (tilapia production);

Predominance of small holders; A poor competitiveness ; Mariculture (mainly oysters and shrimp).
Jamaica, with its overfished marine resources, has the objective to foster the sustainable development of its aquaculture resources. The country quickly became a major tilapia producer in Latin America led by a small number of large farms practicing tilapia culture with considerable commercial success. Across the country, however, aquaculture is typically practiced by a large number of small-scale commercial fish farmers who own less than 1.0 ha of land. Production is constrained by lack of credit and marketing, finite land space and suitable soil type.

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GIS in Jamaica
GIS and strong land development systems have been developed in Jamaica for more than 15 years, and an important number of agencies are developing or maintaining GIS in the country, namely:

The National Spatial Data Unit (NSDU), The Land Information Council of Jamaica (LICJ) Within the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, the Rural Physical Planning Unit (RPPU) The National Land Agency which has already an extended database and online GIS
application.

1.2

Synergies with other projects/programmes :

Two on going projects2 are working on the Jamaican aquaculture development but the consultant could neither get any documentation from these projects nor get in contact with the representatives that were duly invited to all the meeting and workshop.

A) A regional initiative: the CRFM / JICA Formulation of a Master Plan on Sustainable Use of Fisheries Resources for Coastal Community Development in the Caribbean has a component which is addressing aquaculture development. In Jamaica, this project is seeking to address the training of subsistence fish farmers in aquaculture production as well as the training of regional representatives in the outlining of their own national aquaculture development plans. At the regional level it is hoped that the JICA/CRFM project will provide a framework for the further development of aquaculture in CARICOM. B) The GEF funded Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem project which is aimed at developing a comprehensive governance framework for the management and development of living marine resources in the Caribbean sea and adjacent areas.
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2. Approach to the assignement


The methodology, as proposed in the tender proposal, was validated by the Technical Team and is described in the following lines. The project has been implemented in 3 phases. The preparatory steps, which were recommended to be considered as phase I by the consultant, has been carried out in god collaboration with the counterpart to prepare the first input.

2.1

Phase I

Preparatory phase, carried out remotely by the consultant, who requested for several preliminary activities implementation: Technical Team organization, available documentation research (national, international and local), office availability, list of private Jamaican stakeholders. All the requests were duly fulfilled by the local counterpart.

2.2

Phase II

A Technical team (TT) (see Annex II) composed of officers of the Aquaculture Branch and the Rural Physical Planning Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries has been set out to guide the project implementation and participate in the work with the consultant. Participatory approach filed trip and Focus Group Meeting were organized and executed successfully. In response to the Terms of Reference referring to aquaculture land and water use development in Jamaica, the Consultant, in collaboration with the Technical Team (TT), has prepared a draft Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan in conclusion of the 1st phase. As the ALWUDP was more axed on the aquaculture land, water availability and the geographical most favorable areas, it has been complemented by a broader Blueprint for Jamaica Aquaculture Medium Term Priority Programme/Action Plan which provides guidance for revitalizing aquaculture in Jamaica notably by providing tools for developing new areas for aquaculture. A complete range of activities including the project preparation, data collection and analysis, field consultations, other consultations through meetings and workshop permitted to get feedback from the stakeholders and to produce at the end of the day consensual documents through the participatory approach implementation (see Annex VII). The following tasks were achieved :

Task 1.1: Briefing by the ACP Fish II Programme and the FD Task 1.2: First meetings with the project Technical Team in Kingston, (Kick off meeting) Task 1.3: Review documents Task 1.4: Review spatial data and GIS equipment (hardware and software) Task 1.5: Consultation with key stakeholders and relevant agencies Task 1.6: Organization of 1 Focus Group Meeting (including direct visits to the agency
office and fish farmers meeting)*

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Task 1.7: Technical team consultation with working documents Task 1.8: Organization of field visit to key stakeholders and key sites, always in
consultation with the local stakeholders (with participatory approach and restitution meeting for each visit)

Task 1.9: Identifying areas suitable for aquaculture using a decision tree methodology
(validated in the field)

Task 1.10: Generate maps showing the proposed zones for aquaculture Task 1.11: Identify constraints to aquaculture land development Task 1.12: Organize two Expert Consultation meetings (GIS/zoning, ALWUDP and MTPP/AP
Blueprint)

Task 1.13: First finalization of zoning, ALWUDUP and MTPP/AP


Adaptation Due to the difficulties to regroup all the stakeholders from various agencies the same day, The Task 1.6 (focus group meeting (FOM)) has been substituted by direct visits to the offices. In addition an aquaculture focus group meeting has been organized with fish farmers in Kingston. The consultant team (K1 and K2), together with the Aquaculture Branch have visited the concerned agencies.

2.3

Phase III

Final consultative process (including national validation workshop) were performed with a wide acceptance of the zoning, ALWUDUP and related MTPP/AP. However document is a blueprint and comments and revisions from the stakeholders are still expected after the project completion.

Task 2.1: Circulate Finalized documents to the stakeholders Task 2.2: National information note for press release / workshop Task 2.3: Organization, execution and logistical arrangements for Final Workshop Task 2.4 Final corrections to the zoning, ALWUDP and MTPP/P Task 2.5: Preparation and submission of draft Final Technical Reports (FTRs) Task 2.6: Preparation and submission of Final Technical Reports (FTRs) and Final Report

2.4

Participatory approach with Stakeholders

The efficient collaboration with the Technical Team permitted the development of the mission activities in the short project time frame. The technical team was composed by three members of the Aquaculture Branch and three of the Rural Physical Planning Unit (See Annex II : Inception Report Par. 4). The aquaculture field participatory visits (See Table 1 and annex VII) provided field information directly from the fish farmers. The visits also enabled the Technical Team to validate several technical and geographical data previously acquired. Daily validation meetings were held each day during the field trips. The Participatory Assessment and Field Trip Report presented in Annex VII presents the participatory approach tools used such as : questionnaire, case study, specific group meetings, Aquaculture Rapid Rural Appraisal and other participatory activities. Moreover the contacted private and public stakeholders were invited to express officially their opinion during: one focus group meeting, one zoning/GIS consultation meeting, one consultation meeting for the Blueprint (ALWUDP) and one final Validation workshop that presented the revised ALWUDP and MTTP/Action Plan on October 3rd in Spanish Town, Kingston.

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This approach was requested to ensure a good understanding of the stakeholders needs in order to reflect them in the documents produced. The same approach should be continued after the project completion through the Technical Team and the Aquaculture Branch in order to build an appropriation of the ALWUDP and the MTTP and to facilitate the appropriation of the roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder in the sector development.

2.5

Work Schedule:

The indicative timetable of activities is described here below .


Table N. 1 Performed participatory activities June Phase I W3 W4 KO-9 Q-3 RAA-1 CS-2 FIM-8 FGM-20 Q-3, RAA-1 CS-2 FIM-8 Q-3, RAA-1 CS-4 FIM-8 W1-15 W1 July Phase II W2 W3 W4 August Phase III W1 W2 W3 W4 W1/2 9 24 3 8 24 20 October Tot.

W2-30 FW-60 TR TOTAL Stakeholders PA DAYS (July-October 2012) 5-6-7 10-11-12 16-17 30/31 1/9

30 60 10 188

Table Legend:

Kick off meeting/ KO-N of participant Questionnaire/Q-N Rapid Aquaculture Appraisal/RAA-N, Case study/CS-N Field meeting / FIM-N. of participants Special Aquaculture Focus Group Meeting/ FGM-N. of participants (this activity include
direct visits to the agency offices and fish farmer meeting at Aquaculture Branch)

Phase II consultation meetings GIS and ALWUDP) / W1-N. and W2-N of participants Phase III Final Workshop/ FW-N. of participants

2.6

Communication and visibility approach

Communication and visibility are key issues for aquaculture development as the private and public stakeholders should play actively their roles in order to ensure that the ALWUDP will be effectively implemented in the future. The Fisheries Division, Aquaculture Branch participated in communication tasks throughout the project via short briefs on the project activities in the institutional media. Short news releases on

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the main events organized (Consultation workshop, National Validation workshop) were drafted published and/or broadcasted on the national and local media. Media and visibility activities should be continued in the future in order to provide larger attention to the future Jamaican development plan. Moreover, in accordance with the budget, visibility materials were prepared and distributed during and after the meetings and workshops. It includes notably caps, Shirts, pens, etc. showing ACP FISH II and EU logo. EU communication and visibility guidelines have been followed for the issuance of documents.

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3. Comments on Terms of References


The ToRs were discussed with relevant officers of Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Fisheries Division (Director of Fisheries Division, Aquaculture Branch responsible and the members of the Technical Team (See Table N.2). As an outcome from this discussion, the main project activities, as detailed in the ToRs, were validated:

Organization of a Technical Team (TT) that is composed by multidisciplinary


governmental experts covering all needed specialties (GIS, aquaculture extension service, aquaculture technologies, planning, land and water use, environment);

Review of the available Jamaican aquaculture material; task shortened through the review
of previous up to date studies;

Aquaculture zoning through GIS with the provided available maps. The GIS layers are
based on existing layers and/or already geo/referenced data.

Field trips in the selected inland and coastal areas for participatory activities, in
collaboration with the involved states agencies and private stakeholders. They have indeed a deep knowledge and understanding of the aquaculture sector in the country and guided the field trips in the most appropriate way.

As per the ToRs, the ALWUDP - MTTP/ Action Plan provides:


- An explicit understanding of the fisheries administrations and professionals vision, goals and objectives; - A bottom-up approach to show the stakeholders needs and point of view; - A sustainable aquaculture approach considering the aquaculture environmental impact of the proposed planning activities); - Proposals for the type of aquaculture to be developed; - Maps showing the location of potential sites; - A blueprint for ALWUDP and relevant MTTP/Action plan based on the best available information and appropriate technologies. Mission clarification This mission is based on previous aquaculture policy and strategy, aquaculture legislation framework, land and water use legal and administrative framework, disaster preparedness and mitigation, land use tenure which were already discussed before the project implemetnation. The ALWUDP MTTP produced will pave the road to activities that can revitalize the aquaculture sector and contribute to the sustainable and equitable management of aquaculture in Jamaica, thus leading to poverty alleviation, job creation and improving food security.

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3.1
3.1.1

Lesson learned from this planning exercise


Working Time consideration

Considering the importance of the works required by the participatory activities and the consequent several revisions of documents drafted, the data analysis and the report drafting, it has been stated that the available working time was very limited for both experts. For the GIS and zoning work, in addition, the difficulties encountered during data collection by the K2 expert delayed the project activities which were to be implemented only in Jamaica. In order to reach the expected accuracy level of the GIS model and maps wished by the stakeholders, a request was formulated by the Aquaculture branch for extension of the K2 working time which was supported by SOFRECO and approved by ACP FISH II. This working time was used before the validation workshop and created some delays in the report drafting. Moreover, the TL with the coordination of the extended study under his responsibility as well as the additional outputs requested by stakeholders has suffered from an obvious lack of working time available. The reporting process has been then taking more time than planned to complete all the reports.

3.1.2

Terms of References and beneficiaries need

In this mission the beneficiaries needed a clear explanation about what to do in the future for the resilience of the declining Jamaican aquacultureIt appeared during the mission that a complete strategic study was just concluded by FAO a few months before. The beneficiaries requested for practical guidance and to start working as soon as possible on the resilience of Jamaican aquaculture through practical activities. Considering the actual situation and the needs of the stakeholders, the consultant proposed to complement the ALWUDP with the draft of the MTPP/AC and to provide some practical guidance on the steps required to concretize activities for revitalizing the Aquaculture sector in Jamaica.

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4. Organization and Methodology


4.1 Delivery of Terms of Reference
Terms of reference: key activities 1 Briefing with ACP Fish II Programme and the Jamaica Fisheries Division, Aquaculture Branch and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (Rural Physical Planning Unit, RPPU); In consultation with the Aquaculture Branch, establish a project Technical Team consisting mainly of the Director of Aquaculture, representative from the Ministry of Agriculture (GIS unit), and other appointees. The Technical Team is directly responsible for the coordination of this project; Review documents and digital material/systems (provided by the Fisheries Department including maps) related to the management and development of aquaculture in Jamaica; Consult with agencies responsible for land, water use and development related to the aquaculture industry and other stakeholders using GIS tools (and any others identified by the Technical Team): Government agencies, Non-government organizations and private sector; How delivered through the assignment The Kick off meeting was held the day after the consultants arrival with the Jamaica Fisheries Division, Aquaculture Branch and RPPU The Technical Team constituted of six members, was created before the consultant arrival in the country and met the day after arrival of K1. 3 members belonging to the aquaculture Branch and three from the RPPU. Plan was done for the field trips, with participatory approach, the focus meeting and workshops. During the first two weeks, the TT organized several meeting and visits to acquire and analyze all the available data from the stakeholders, mainly governmental body. The consultant, after collecting all the available data of point N. 3, visited the available agency concerned by aquaculture activities and custodian of the electronic databases. K1 and K2 visited together or separately to optimize the use of available time. It is to be noticed that several data sets were not available at this time and that the consultants wasted time in collecting data. The IR (Chapter 3.2.1 and Annex II) was delivered during the first mission in Jamaica. It introduced a description of the aquaculture situation in Jamaica. Elaborated from documentation review and confirmed through the field visits. One Focus Group Meeting was organized on 10-07 with the intervention of the TT and a group of Jamaican fish farmers, representing all the fish farming categories and associations. Jamaican aquaculture constrains were presented and analyzed. The collected data at that time has been validated (see chapter 3.2.2 and Annex VII ) The TT organized rapidly the field visits to show the consultant the actual Jamaica aquaculture situation. A total of 8 days (See Chapter 3.2.2 and Annex VII)

Table N. 2 Delivery of ToRs

4.1

Inception Report (IR);

Organize in collaboration with the technical team 1 Focus Group Meeting (1 day, indicative number of participants is 15) to discuss potential sites and to understand the risk and constraints of various sites;

Carry out field visits (by hired vehicle) to relevant key stakeholders and sites where aquaculture is practiced or has potential as suggested by

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Terms of reference: key activities Technical Team

How delivered through the assignment were scheduled and a vehicle was hired to bring the consultant along with some TT members accompanying the KE team the field. The consulting team visited the operating fish farming place to collect additional important Spatial Data. Ground truthing could then be carried out to validate the acquired data as you can see in Participatory approach (Annex VII) The K2 GIS-zoning expert prepared a GIS model based on: decision tree and some of main aquaculture parameters as water, land, soil type, slope and others as detailed in the Annex VI Aquaculture zonation using GIS report The K2 GIS-zoning expert, with the collaboration of the TT and the TL, produced digital and paper based map, to discuss with the TT and the stakeholders all the Jamaican aquaculture possibilities (See Aquaculture zonation using GIS report in Annex VI) A better map definition, re-calculation of all parameters and on brief training on zoning/GIS (See Annex VI and VII) were performed by the consultant particularly by the K2 expert using the 9 additional working days granted.

Using outputs from the reviews, consultations and field visits, build on the existing GIS machinery in the Ministry to identify potentially the most suitable locations for aquaculture development given criteria from the available database and in consultation with the TT and specific to enterprises of fish species and system of production; limited actual field surveys/ground truthing may be conducted at this stage; Generate maps (digital and paper-based) of the proposed zoning scheme for aquaculture (including coastal areas) and to facilitate additional consultations with interested stakeholders;

Identify constraints to aquaculture in Jamaica

the

development

of

The K1, K2 together with the TT and the several stakeholders meetings performed the Participatory approach paper (VII) that permitted to validate the constraints to the development of Jamaican aquaculture. The main constrains of Jamaican aquaculture are the high input cost: water, energy feed, scarce availability of cheap quality fingerlings, financial, difficulties in lease the state land, predial larcery and a scarce aquaculture products marketing activities. SWOT analysis was performed (See section 3.2.4 and Annex VI) This GIS Expert Consultation meeting was organized to deeply discuss the produced zoning, maps and GIS model on 30 of July 2012. The meeting aimed to discuss the technical orientation of the GIS model developed as well as its potential refinement and use by the stakeholders. (See Annex VII . and Chapter 3.2.5.1) The day 31 of July in time with the scheduled activities the TT and the TL organized one expert consultation meeting. Several stakeholders, the TT and the TL K1 expert presented their findings (See Annex VII and Chapter 3.2.5.2). The feedbacks were in line with the previous finding and expectations. The stakeholders presented their opinions as for implementation of the participatory approach.

10

Organize an Expert Consultation meeting, in collaboration with the Technical Team, to review the results of the analysis conducted and proposed zoning of areas suitable for aquaculture development related to ALWUDP (1 day, 30 participants, coffee break/lunch, and transportation). Obtain feedback on the report and finalize. (31st of July)

11

Using the mapping/GIS database, information from the institutional review and site visits, consultations and workshop, prepare a draft Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan for Jamaica. The plan will provide a description of the current operations and trends, identify potential and constraints to the development of aquaculture and

The K1, K2 and TT in collaboration with the stakeholders using the map-GIS database and all the collected and validated information prepared a draft of the Land and Water Development Plan for Jamaica. (See 3.2.4 and Annex VI). The main potential constraints/weakness/Strengths/Opportunities are in line with the finding of the previous participatory

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Terms of reference: key activities a prioritized plan of activities to develop the aquaculture sector.

How delivered through the assignment approach. On request of stakeholders, in addition to the zoning work, solutions were proposed for a sustainable development of the Jamaica Aquaculture. The document include: short aquaculture review, SWOT analysis, zoning and GIS, ALWUDP and MTPP/AP. Before and after the Expert Consultation meetings the TT and the TL disseminate by mail all the available information to the stakeholders to get an important feed/back. The TT and TL prepared an information note about the project and the draft Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan/MTTP which was distributed to the available Jamaican media and stakeholders. (See Annex VII) The TT, the TL and the K2 expert organized and participated to the National Validation Workshop to present the Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan for Jamaica, the related Zoning and MTTP/Action plan. All the relevant stakeholders where presents and provided their opinions.(See Annex VII and Chapter 3.2.6). Moreover, The TL assisted by the TT incorporated the last comments in the Plans for the final release. The TL with the assistance of SOFRECO will edit and the paper and digital copies of the Plans and maps for the Fishery Division, Aquaculture Branch and other stakeholders once the reports are approved 1) Second expert consultation meeting was held to focus on technical GIS work and brief training on use of the GIS model developed by KE2 2) A MTTP/Action plan was developed as part of the main technical output produced during the study 3) Several guidelines were produced by the consultant to provide some recommendations for the following : - Guidelines for applied research protocol - Guidelines for feed and feed stock management for aquaculture - Guidelines for Aquaculture feasibility study These activities were not previously programmed, but have been discussed several times with the stakeholders and reflect their interest in aquaculture development, as notably expressed in the final workshop.

12

Circulate document to key national stakeholders and regional organizations for comments;

13

Prepare an information note for the draft Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan to be distributed as part of the Validation Workshop and incorporated into a Press-Release; In collaboration with the TT, organize a National Validation Workshop (1 day, 50 participants, to present the draft Aquaculture Land and Water use Development Plan. (3rd of October)

14

15

Incorporate comments from the national consultation and other organizations into the draft Plan; Prepare and submit three (3) copies of the plan and all digital data on disc, to the Fisheries Administration and other stakeholders. Additional activities

16

18

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4.2
4.2.1

Conduct and details of the assignment


IR and Jamaican aquaculture short review

The IR underline the ToR critical points and provide some clarification about the need of the requested planning exercise to provide clear indication to the future resilience of the Jamaican aquaculture. Aquaculture, as opposed to wild fisheries, is the only sustainable alternative at hand to increase fish availability in Jamaica, without having to increase further imports. Capture Fisheries have already reached their Maximum Sustainable yield and thus no increase in the fisheries effort can be suggested in the EEZ of Jamaica. It presented the tentative timetable of the man/days inputs and the first hand result of the initial material review, consultation and meetings. The Annexes included a Jamaican short aquaculture review and an outline of the participatory activities, with their templates, which were discussed with the stakeholders during the initial meetings.

4.2.2

Participatory activities and field trips

More than 30 fish farms and coastal sites were visited during the field trips to the following parishes : St. Catherine, Westmoreland, Claredon, St. Mary, St. Thomas, St. Elizabeth, Portland and Spanish Town. These activities implementation (as described in annex VII) brings up a real local ownership of the data collected, of the aquaculture sector analysis and diagnostic and of the development plans proposed (ALWUDP/MTTP) The field trips permitted to conduct a participatory appraisal of Jamaican aquaculture (see annex VII.1). The tools used during the field trip visits are briefly presented here below: Questionnaire This tool is the most basic but efficient to collect massive sensitive data in short time, it is a direct participatory instrument able to reach a wide range of aquaculturists; it provides a list of specific and opened questions to capture every comment from the stakeholders. The TT and the consultant interviewed the available stakeholders using these questionnaires. The questionnaire has been sent also to fish farmers selected by the aquaculture branch.

Participatory Rapid Aquaculture Appraisal (PRAA)


Through field visits, this tool3 helps to develop a sketch of the aquaculture sector appraisal with the collaboration of the stakeholders; this technique is even, more efficient utilizing the satellite maps. Case Study Some representative fish farming business were studied by the he Aquaculture Branch specialists under supervision of the TL.. Daily Final meeting during Field visits At the end of each day field visit, all the collected data from maps and data base were validated and discussed with fish farmers suggestions and ideas. This is an interesting approach proposed by the TT to guarantee that the data used is discussed, supplemented or corroborated by the stakeholders.
3

Participatory Aquaculture Rapid Rural Appraisal consists of a set of guidelines which help people to work in a structured but flexible way in rural aquaculture communities and a set of tools to aid communication and interaction with those communities. How these guidelines and tools are used depends very much on what users need and want. For our specific aquaculture surveys it was a combination of technical and social tools and it could also include some unstructured questionnaires, local sketched maps.

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Other Meetings and workshops


Apart from the main workshops mentioned in the section related to the delivery of the Terms of Reference, several meetings and workshops were carried out throughout the project to discuss its findings. Meeting reports were drafted and mailed to the participants for comments and revision (See Annex VII-Meeting report list).

4.2.3

Expert Consultation meeting

One Expert consultation meeting was planned, but for logistical reasons, it was split in two separate expert consultation meetings. It permitted to discuss zonation and aquaculture development separately and more deeply. The meeting evaluation by the participants was very positive. (See Annex VII)

Expert Consultation meeting GIS/zoning 30/07,


This first Expert consultation meeting held at Rural Planning Unit was a very specialized meeting where the consultant presented the theory and practices of the GIS/zoning approach. The 12 participants were only high level GIS/zoning technicians that discussed the: database collection and elaboration, the decision tree system, the limitation of the model, the data and the four maps.

Expert consultation meeting - ALWUDP draft presentation, 31/07


Thirty eight persons drawn from Government and the private sector including representatives of the fish farmers converged on the Farmers Training Centre in Twickenham Park, Spanish Town, and St. Catherine on Tuesday, July 31, 2012 to participate in an Expert Consultation Meeting which was arranged to present and discuss the Blueprint for an ALWUDP/MTTP for Jamaica. Various Government agencies including the Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management (ODPEM), the National Spatial Data Management Unit, National Irrigation Commission and the Agro-Investment Corporation (AIC) presented their plans for spatial data management, as well as activities in which they were involved which were likely to impact aquaculture development in Jamaica. Other Government agencies supporting the workshop included the Veterinary Services and the Rural Physical Planning Unit. Where ODPEM is concerned, it was already mapping the impacts of flooding in aquaculture areas and improving on early warning system. The AIC unveiled new plans for agro parks and the development of an aquaculture project in Hill Run, St. Catherine. The farmers present were very concerned about the high levels of fish imports into the country and the negative impact that they perceived that it was having on the aquaculture sub-sector. Other concerns of the farmers included feed costs, energy costs and access to water. The meeting evaluation score from the stakeholders was high as the beneficiaries appreciated the draft outputs of the planning studies.

Meeting for explaining GIS model and training for its use
The K1 GIS expert held a meeting on 04-10-2012, to explain the GIS model developed and provided training to support the staff from the relevant agencies to use GIS tools and improve/adapt them in the future. 12 beneficiaries attended and provided a good evaluation rate of the meeting.

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4.2.4

Final Validation workshop

The final workshop, with the participation of more than 60 persons was held on 03-10-2012 at Farmers Training Centre in Twickenham Park, Spanish Town, the presence of the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries showed the government interest about aquaculture development The consultant presented a Power Point presentation of the findings of the study and presenting the ALWUDP MTTP while other private and public stakeholders could express their opinions. After the workshop, a group of cooks produced their best Tilapia specialties showing the important culinary possibility of this fish. The four suitability maps produced were distributed for discussion and a visibility kit distributed to the stakeholders. The national press was present with the main national newspaper and television. The workshop evaluation score by participants was high

4.2.5

GIS/zoning, land and water maps, physical plan

As part of the formulation of an Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan for Jamaica, zonation has been carried out for aquaculture suitability in Jamaica making use of GIS technology. A model was developed to determine areas that are suitable for freshwater aquaculture based on an assessment of five land characteristics (clay content, root limit, pH, erosion and slope), accessibility of water and roads and land availability. The spatial data required to make the suitability assessment were obtained partly through the National Spatial Data Management Division that has been assigned as the spatial data portal for Jamaica and partly directly from Government agencies. The model used is based on a decision tree which combines all parameter values for water availability and land characteristics, accessibility and land availability to assess a suitability rating complemented by local inputs. the zonation through GIS Report (see Annex VI) describes in detail the methodology used. The data made available for freshwater and marine water aquaculture suitability assessment was minimal in comparison with those available for inland areas. Under the supervision of the TL, the indications of TTs members were used to identify coastal, lagoon and off-shore areas that are suitable for marine aquaculture. The zonation exercise has resulted in four maps, two for inland freshwater aquaculture (one using 5 land characteristics and using only slope and erosion), one for coastal marine aquaculture and one for off-shore marine aquaculture. The resulting maps are shown in Annex VI : in the Zonation through GIS report and in the ALWUDP MTTP. The maps were presented and discussed in several meetings with the stakeholders, jointly with the ALWUDP/MTTP proposed. Comments presented were taken into account.

4.2.6

Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan and Medium Term Priority Programme for Jamaica, Blueprint

This report has his roots in the last FAO study output called Plan For Aquaculture Development in Jamaica 2012 2025 (FAO 2011), which provides aquaculture sector analysis, and recommendations, and in the ToRs. The final output of the study was agreed on basis of information and analysis available in the FAO paper and the further expectations from the stakeholders. This technical paper is the key output of the overall assignment as it presents the zoning results, the ALWUDP proposed (see Chapter 6) which is completed by a broader Medium Term Priority Programme (MTTP)/Action plan to revitalise the aquaculture sector in order to address practical challenges, the expectations of the stakeholders and of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery (MoAF).

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This Technical paper is divided into distinct sections that can be summarised as follows:

Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the ALWDUP and describes the current status of aquaculture; Chapter 2 describes the Jamaican aquaculture governance and regulatory environment, including the legislative framework; Chapter 3 indicates the potential and constraints to the development of Jamaican aquaculture, with techno-economical aquaculture analyses and a sector SWOT matrix based on a participatory approach and the previous analysis; Chapter 4 is based on the zoning/GIS work including data collection, zoning through GIS and a discussion on limits, and presents the resultant maps and related data; Chapter 5 presents the Jamaican ALWUDP based on the findings of the previous chapters. It indicates the possibility of developing appropriate, sustainable aquaculture in Jamaica; Chapter 6 describes the MTPP/Action Plan with detailed, practical activities for a resilient Jamaican aquaculture sector and financing possibilities; finally, Chapter 7 proposes the MTTP/Action Plan Roadmap that indicates the timeline for the prioritised activities with guidelines for refining and implementing the proposals.

Depending on the calculation method used, available inland areas favourable for aquaculture total 76,638 ha (based on suitability ratings for five land characteristics) or 151,351 ha (based on suitability ratings for two land characteristics). The parishes4 with substantial, suitable aquaculture areas are St. Catherine, Clarendon, St. Mary and St. Thomas (Maps 1 and 2). 23 coastal areas have been identified as having mariculture possibilities (Map 3) as well as 15 most favourable offshore areas (Map 4). The MTPP/Action Plan was developed from the SWOT analysis, to provide practical indications to revitalise the islands aquaculture using the zoning results and a participatory approach. The MTPP/Action Plan (see Chapter 7), is subdivided into five components as follows:

Component 1: Bridge component Component 2: Executive agency partnerships Component 3: Strengthening fish farmers associations Component 4: Domestic aquaculture marketing Component 5: Aquaculture sector applied research and development activities.
Finally, a roadmap and guidelines on the methodology for accessing funding from international donors have also been included in this document, indicating timelines and responsibilities for achieving the objectives defined in the above-mentioned plans. The report set of documents were discussed and validated during a national validation workshop held in Kingston (Farmers Training Centre in Twickenham Park, Spanish Town) in October 2012 with aquaculture sector stakeholders, under the lead of Aquaculture Branch of Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MoAF).

4.2.7

Additional technical outputs

On requests from the stakeholders, guidelines were produces for: Tilapia feed and feeding Typical Feasibility studies for Aquaculture Typical Applied research protocols

Territorial unit of Jamaica similar to a province in the EU .

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These guidelines or practical examples provided, comes from the consultant background in tilapia industries in different countries. Some applied research proposals can be implemented in the near future

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5. Conclusions and recommendations


5.1
5.1.1

Conclusion
Jamaican aquaculture general analysis and appraisal

The analyzed Jamaican aquaculture situation presents several positive statements such as: large land and water availability, favorable climatic situation, freshwater and marine water available technologies, presence of skilled scientific personnel and entrepreneurs, the internal and tourist markets.

On the other hand, a limited extension service, the slow implementation of the new Fishery Bill, the lack of the implementation of the aquaculture products quality system, the little aquaculture products marketing, the high inputs cost and the uncontrolled import of cheap low quality seafood leads to an aquaculture stagnation in Jamaica. More than half of the inland aquaculture farms are abandoned. Other factors that negatively influence the Jamaican aquaculture productivity are the continuous increase of input costs: hatchery, feed and feeding, appropriate construction system, predial larcery and water pumping costs.

5.1.2

Project Implementation

The mission was successfully concluded with the positive feedback from the beneficiaries in the Final Validation workshop and the implementation of the requested ToR activities: participatory approach and field visits, Jamaican aquaculture short review, SWOT, GIS/zoning, ALWUDP, MTPP/AC. Additional outputs were also produced. Knowledge transfer must be a continuous process for all Aquaculture Branch personnel, extensionist and stakeholders, in the future to support aquaculture development

Field Trip and Participatory Approach


The field trip provided the needed validation and reality touch to the assessment of Jamaican aquaculture sector, moreover it permitted to collect and validate essential data for the ALWUDP exercises. The participatory approach was essential for developing the stakeholders ownership of the aquaculture plan and for the indication of the coastal and off shore maps. During field visits, the consultant was able to provide additional technical advice on aquaculture site and pond management. In addition, field visits also gave the opportunity to analyze the use of

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fertilization and feeding techniques and to propose positive improvements of production systems to the aquaculturist.

ALWUDP - MTPP
This development exercise has its root in the last FAO strategic Plan For Aquaculture Development in Jamaica 2012 2025 (FAO 2011). Main sections of the technical output produced are :

Jamaican aquaculture review SWOT GIS/Zoning Jamaican aquaculture land and water use development plan MTPP/Action Plan Roadmap for implementation

The plan proposed intents to address the needs for the development of Jamaican aquaculture in order to give the impetus for the next forecasted practical steps to revitalize Jamaican aquaculture.

Expert Consultation Meetings and National Validation Workshop


The expert consultation meeting (as well as several other formal and informal meetings) created the work environment for stakeholders real ownership of the ALWUDP and MTPP. The final workshop was the last activity of the mission; all the interested stakeholders were present to provide their comments and advice. The consultant presented all the different activities performed during the mission and the practical outputs. Collaboration between the consultant and the stakeholders was approved as well as the technical outputs produced which were in line with the expectations formulated.

5.2

Recommendations

General recommendations to the stakeholders to strengthen and use the project outputs in the future are as follows:
Use the participatory approach and tools developed to update periodically the documentation

produced by the project: Aquaculture review, SWOT, GIS/Zoning, ALWUD, MTPP/AP, Roadmap.
Specific Parish study should be performed as deemed necessary in order to detail the local

diagnostics a in the aquaculture planning.


Monitor the MTTP/AP implementation on basis of the roadmap presented which provided clear

indication about the timeline and the future responsibility for the development of the Jamaican aquaculture sector.
Create synergies with the existing aquaculture projects resources to follow the proposed

roadmap
Assign full time a sector specialist to manage communication and fund raising for the

development of the Jamaican aquaculture sector.

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Annexes
Annex I : Terms of References Annex II : Inception Report Annex III : Itinerary, institutions and individuals consulted Annex IV : List of Reports and documents Consulted Annex V : Photographs of project, key activities and events to illustrate field activities and achieved results

V.1. Selection of Photographs V.2. News Releases produced

Annex VI : Technical Documents produced VI.1. Jamaican Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan Medium Term Priorisation Programme (Including Jamaican aquaculture review, SWOT, GIS/Zoning, Land and water use development plan and MTPP/AC, roadmap) VI.2. Aquaculture Zonation using GIS report presenting the approach and maps reflecting the land and water suitability for Aquaculture development VI.3. Guidelines for Aquaculture Feasibility Study (These guidelines were requested by the stakeholders as template for some activities of the MTTP/Action plan) VI.4. Guidelines for Applied Research and Development protocol (These guidelines were requested by the stakeholders as template for some activities of the MTTP/Action plan) VI.5. Guidelines for Tilapia feed and feeding

Annex VII : Participatory approach implementation (reports on meetings, workshops, field visits, GIS inputs)

VII.1. Participatory assessment of Jamaican Aquaculture VII.2. Expert consultation meeting VII.2.A. Zonation using GIS VII.2.B. Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development

VII.3. Aquaculture Expert Consultation Meeting VII.4. GIS explanation and training Workshop VII.5. Final Validation Workshop Meeting

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Annex I : Terms of Reference

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Annex II : Inception Report

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Annex III : Itinerary, institutions and individuals consulted


Name and organization, position Honourable Minister of Agriculture and Fishery, Roger Clarck, Hope Garden, Kingston 6, Jamaica Mr. Marc C. Panton, Chief technical Director, MoAF, Hope Gardens, Kingston 6 Mr. G. Andr Kong, CEO (Acting) Fishery Division Mr. Stephen Smikle, Fisheries Division Director 4329187 9685068, +50167555465 Phone Telephone 876-927-1731-50 Fax 876-927-1904 +1-876-927-173150, Cell 5646364 mcpanton@moa.gov.jm E/mail

http://www.moa.gov.jm/

Gakong@moa.gov.jm,

fisheries@moa.gov.jm
sgsmikle@moa.gov.gov S.Grant@acpfish2-eu.org, l

Dr. Sandra Grant, ACP Fish II, RFU

inegrant@gmail.com
Mr. Junior Squire Ian Jones +1-876-2985631 4109981 4345812

Oliver_Squire@yahoo.c om
ikjones@moa.gov.jm,

ikjones007@yaho.com
Mrs. Avery Smikle, Dir. Aquaculture Branch Dr. Glynis Ford, Spatial and planning Unit, Regional Rural Planner, GIS Rural Physical Planning Division, 191 Old Hope Road, Kingston Mr. Vivian Ricketts, Spatial and planning unit Mr. Derrick Spencer, Aq. Branch, Extension service Mr. Paul White, Aq. Branch, tech. Mr. J. Thomas, FAO Rep. 927-9162, Cell 585-8749 fao-jm@fao.org, Jerome.thomas@fao.org Dr. Gillian Smith, FAO Rep. Ass. 927-9162, Cell 845-8138, fao-jm@fao.org, 4311587 adsmikle@moa.gov.jam, adgalbraik@gmail.com 9270441, 433361 gford@cwjamaica.com, www.moa.gov.jm

biggadon1962@hotmail.co m petshop101@hotmail.com

gillian.smith@fao.org
Mr. Sean Green, NEPA coordinator Mr. Douglas Walker, NICL, CEO 754-7540 977-9291, Cell. 283-4656 sgreen@nepa.gov.jm, www.nepa.gov.jm douglasw@nicjamaica.com, www.nicjamaica.org Mr. Winston Shaw, NICL, water management Ing. Milton Henry, NICL, services 4052258 469-1913 winstons@nicjamaica.com miltonh@nicjamaica.com

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Name and organization, position Ing. Kirk Freckletan, NICL, GIS Dr. Avan Maxam, MONA, Deputy Dir. 283-4656 977-3160

Phone

E/mail kirkf@nicjamaica.com amaxam@monainformatixlt d.com, www.monagis.com

Miss Helen Liu, Manager, MONA

Ass.

Project

977-3160 6340768

hliu@monainformatixltd.co m planning.taylor@gmail.com

Mr. Taylor, St. Elizabeth Parish Disaster Office, Acting Disaster Coordinator, 58 High Street, Black River, St. Elizabeth Mr. Pierre-Luc Vanhaeverbeke. Attach Project Manager, Infrastructure and Rural Development Section, Mr. Jeuc Orus Baquena, Operation Manager - Delegation of the EU to Jamaica, Belize, The Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands. Mr. Christopher Levy, President & CEO, Jamaica Broilers Group of Companies, McCooks Pen, St. Catherine Mr. Humphrey Brown, Aquaculture Jamaica LTD, Live production and business development manager, Barton Isle., P.O. Box 651, Santa Cruz, St. Elizabeth Jamaica Mr. Roger Ly, marketing Manager Rainforest Seafood, Coconut way, Montego Freeport, Montego Bay Dr. Wintorph F. Marsden, Veterinary Service Division, MoAF, Old Hope Road, Box 309, Kingston Jamaica Mrs. Andrew Wright, Industry Development Officer, Agroinvestment Corporation, 188 Spanish Town Road Cecile Blake, National GIS Coordinator, National Spatial Data Management Division, Ministry of Water, Land, Environment and Climate Change Mark A. Codling, GIS Infrastructure Manager, National Spatial Data Management Division, Ministry of Water, Land, Environment and Climate Change Tarik Dixon, Spatial Data Analyst, National Spatial Data Management

9246333, mobile 4331628

pierreluc.vanhaeverbeke@eeas.e uropa.eu, www.eeas.europa.eu/deleg ations/jamaica

4331628

www.eeas.europa.eu/del egations/jamaica

9434370, 9434337, cell 3835101

clevy@jabgl.com, www.jamaicabroilersgroup. com

9991960, 9991931, 9871708, Cell 383-5126

hcbrown@jabgl.com, www.jamaicabroilersgroup. com

9606039, mobile 8782137

rlyn@rainforestseafod.com, www.rainforestseafood.co m

9270594, 9772489/92, mobile 874-2820664

winty@cwjamaica.com

5641637

alwright@moa.gov.jm

9700953

gis_coordinator@cwjamaic a.com

9270441

gis_infrastructure@cwjama ica.com mr_markz@hotmail.com

9270441

gis_analyst@cwjamaica.co m

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Name and organization, position Division, Ministry of Water, Land, Environment and Climate Change Gregory Bennett, GIS Coordinator and Process Manager, Mapping & Data Management Unit, NEPA Herbert Thomas, Dep. Managing Director, Water Resources Agency Tricia-Rae Rodriquez (Miss), GIS Specialist, Water Resources Agency Beatrice Elvey (Mrs), Physical Planner, Physical Planning Unit, NEPA Alicia Gayle (Ms), GIS Specialist, National Works Agency, 140 Maxfield Av.

Phone

E/mail tarik_dixon@yahoo.com

7547540 ext. 4001

gbennett@nepa.gov.jm

977121,1, M 2798290 9270077

hthomasjam@yahoo.com

trodriques@wra.gov.jm tc.rodriques@yahoo.com

7547540 ext. 2137

belvey@nepa.gov.jm

7334047 926-3210, ext. 4047

aliciagayle@nwa.gov.jm www.nwa.gov.jm/content/se rviceread.aspx?contentId= 611 mhenrymartin@mlgc.gov.jm

Marsha Henry-Martin (Mrs), Director Urban & Regional Planning Dept., Ministry of Local Government and Community Development Leiska Powell, ODPEM Kenneth Demns Jr Executive chief Dennis McIntosh GIS Specialist, 9069674, 9069675 3651760, 7755245 876-923-6671/4, 6867/8, cell 8817225

lpowell@odpem.org.jm kdemns@yahoo.com tushontherock@yahoo.com

,
www.thecardiffhotel.com,

escape@thecardiffhotel. com

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Annex IV: List of reports and documents consulted


ADCP. 1983. A policy for development of aquaculture in Jamaica. Report of a Government of Jamaica/ADCP study group. 11 January 24 February 1983. Rome, UNDP/FAO, ADCP/MR/83/22:115 Agri-Business Division, ABD, Ministry of Agriculture, Jamaica. 1996. Marketing Plan for Tropical ornamental fish. Consultancy report, Kingston, Jamaica Aguilar-Manjarrez, Jose and Lindsay G Ross, 1993: Aquaculture development and GIS Construction of a GIS for Tabasco State, Mexico, and the establishment of technical and social decision models for aquaculture development, Mapping Awareness & GIS In Europe Vol. 7 No.4 May 1993. Aiken, K.A., D. Morris, F.C. Hanley and R. Manning, 2002: Aquaculture in Jamaica, Naga, World Fish Centre Quarterly (Vol. 25, No. 3 & 4) July-Dec 2002 Brown, D.D.D. 2011. Past and current oyster culture in Jamaica. In A. Lovatelli and S. Sarkis (eds). A regional shellfish hatchery for the Wider Caribbean: Assessing its feasibility and sustainability. FAO Regional Technical Workshop. 1821 October 2010, Kingston, Jamaica. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings. No. 19. Rome, FAO.2011. pp. 8994. Caribbean Aquaculture Co. Ltd. 2008. Jamaica Aquaculture industry baseline survey 2008. Consultancy report, August 2008, Kingston, Jamaica. Caribbean Environmental Consulting Services Ltd (CECS) .2003. Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine shrimp farm expansion, Phase III, Brampton, St. Catherine, Jamaica. Kingston, Jamaica, July 2003 Espeut, P., Harache,Y. et al. 1994. Report to the government of Jamaica on an evaluation of the possibilities for marine cage fish-culture and other alternative technologies, FAO, TCP/JAM/2251, Field Document N1, Rome, Italy. FAO, 1977: A framework for land evaluation Soil resources development and conservation service land and water development division, FAO Soils bulletin 32, ISBN 92-5-100111-1, www.mpl.ird.fr/crea/taller-colombia/FAO/AGLL/pdfdocs/framele.pdf FAO. 1981., Aquaculture development in the Caribbean. Report of a mission to Antigua, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat and St. Lucia, June-July 1980, at http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/P4495E/ P4495E00.htm#TOC , Visited 06 August 2011 FAO, Date unknown. Jamaica-National Aquaculture Overview, http://www.fao.org/fishery/countrysector/naso_jamaica/en#tcN90108, Visited July 2011 at

FAO, Jamaica, Natural Aquaculture Sector Overview, at : http://www.fao.org/fishery/countrysector/ naso_jamaica/en#tcN900F6, Visited June 2011, Government of Jamaica, Carlos Wurmann G., 2011: Plan for Aquaculture Development in Jamaica, 2012 2025, Kingston, Jamaica

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Graaf de Gertjan, Felix Martin, Jos Aguilar-Manjarrez, Jeff Jenness, 2003: Geographic information systems in fisheries management and planning - Technical manual, Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service, FAO Fisheries Department, Rome, Italy Hall, R. 2011. Review of status of aquaculture in Jamaica, National Consultants report, prepared for FAO, Project FAO TCP/JAM/3301, Kingston, Jamaica, July 2011 Haughton, M.O., King, D.P.F. 1992. Potential for Mariculture in Jamaica, in : Proceedings of the 44th Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, pp:429-439, Charleston, South Caroline, USA. Jamaica Broilers Group of Companies. 2011. Annual Report 2010, Kinston, Jamaica. Available at : http://www.jamaicabroilersgroup.com/document_library/general/jbgar10.pdf Jamaica Broilers Group web page, at : http://www.jamaicabroilersgroup.com/jabroilers.dti?section=products&page=hiproace, August 2012 visited 01

Jamaica Business Development Centre, JBDC. 2003. Business opportunity profile for ornamental fish production. Consultancy report, Kingston, Jamaica Kapetsky, James McDaid, Jos Aguilar-Manjarrez, 2007: Geographic information systems, remote sensing and mapping for the development and management of marine aquaculture, Aquaculture Management and Conservation Service FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Lalta S. and Espeut P. , Institute of Social and Economic Research, UWI, Mona. 1994. Oyster culture socioeconomics and rural development in Jamaica: A look at productivity and the feasibility of establishing Oyster farmers Associations. Study prepared for the Coastal Mariculture Project of the National Development Foundation of Jamaica and the ICOD of Canada, Kingston, Jamaica, August 1994 Lovatelli, A. and Loria, L. 1993. Status Report on Caribbean aquaculture, Aquila FAO-Italy II Field Project, Document N 6, Mexico City, Mexico Market Research Services Ltd. 2009. A Feasibility study on oyster products. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Lands of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica, September 2009. This study reports on a market survey undertaken at the end of 2008 MOAFs web page, at http://www.moa.gov.jm/about/departments/vet.php. Visited July 2011 MOAS web page, updated last in December, 2009, i.e.: http://www.moa.gov.jm/Fisheries/aquaFunctions.php , Visited 7 August, 2011 Planning Institute of Jamaica/Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade. 2009. National report of Jamaica on Millennium Development Goals for the UN Economic and Social Council annual ministerial review, Geneva, July 2009. Planning Institute of Jamaica . 2009. Vision 2030:National Development Plan, Kingston, Jamaica, pp:138 Public Sector Modernization Units (PSMU), Cabinet Office . 2010. Draft Modernization Plan, National, Fisheries Agency. Internal document, Kingston, Jamaica, October 2010 Rana, K., Stirling Aquaculture. 2002. Marketing plan for Jamaican ornamental fish industry. Consultancy report, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, September 2002 Smith, A. H. and Y. Reynard. 2002. Seaweed cultivation as a livelihood in Caribbean coastal communities. Paper presented at the ICRI Regional Workshop for the Tropical Americas: Improving Reefs Condition Through Strategic Partnerships. Cancun, Mexico, June 2002. CANARI Communication No. 309:8 pp. Torreano, M.J. 2007. COMMIT Ornamental fish cluster report. USAID supported study, Kingston, Jamaica, January 2007

Venema, Siebren C. 2004., compiler and editor, Consultant TCP/JAM/2901.Capture fisheries and aquaculture in Jamaica: A sector review. Unpublished consultancy report, Based on contributions

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by G. Andr Kong, Stephan Smikle, Avery Galbraith, Errol Bartley, Tenile Grant, Ian Jones, June Masters, Richard Kelly, Paul Whyte et. al., Terontola, Italy, June 2004. Wade, B., Brown, R., Hanson, C., Alexander, L.M., Hubbard, R., Lpez, B. 1981. The Development of a Low-Technology Oyster-culture Industry in Jamaica. -In: 33 Proceedings of the Thirty-Third Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute. Miami, Florida USA 6-18 World Bank.2005. Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis. Disaster Risk Management Series #5. CIA.2011. World Fact Book, Chapter on Jamaica, at http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/jamaica/jamaica_economy.html, 28 July 2011. Wright, S. 1999. Assessment of two ecologically contrasting sites on the Jamaican coast as potential sites for oyster culture, in: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, pp:347-361, Charleston, South Caroline, USA.

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FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

Annex V: Photographs of project, key activities and events to illustrate field activities and achieved results
A separate DVD, due to the large data volume, presents the video, picture, zoning map and georeferential material that witness all the mission activities; it is divided in the following section:

Field trips and participatory approach Aquaculture Branch meeting Expert meeting GIS/zoning Expert meeting Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan Final Workshop Maps produced : Map 1 inland aquaculture (5 parameter), Map 2 inland aquaculture (2
parameters), Map 3 Coastal aquaculture and Map 4 Off shore aquaculture

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A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

V.1. Selection of Photographs:


A selection of photographs presented here below shows the main events of project implementation. Note: In addition, several photos of project activities are included in the reports of workshops, meeting and participatory approach implemented presented in annex VII to this report.

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FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

V.2. Press releases produced

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A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

Annex VI: Technical documents produced

VI.1. Jamaican Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan Medium Term Priorisation Programme (Including Jamaican aquaculture review, SWOT, GIS/Zoning, Land and water use development plan and MTPP/AC, roadmap) VI.2. Aquaculture Zonation using GIS report presenting the approach and maps reflecting the land and water suitability for Aquaculture development VI.3. Guidelines for Aquaculture Feasibility Study (These guidelines were requested by the stakeholders as template for some activities of the MTTP/Action plan) VI.4. Guidelines for Applied Research and Development protocol (These guidelines were requested by the stakeholders as template for some activities of the MTTP/Action plan) VI.5. Guidelines for Tilapia feed and feeding

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A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VI.1. Jamaican Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development Plan Medium Term Priority Programme

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VI.2. Aquaculture Zonation using GIS report

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VI.3. Guidelines for Aquaculture Feasibility Study

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VI.4. Guidelines for Applied Research and Development protocol

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VI.5. Tilapia Feed and feeding guidelines

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

Annex VII : Participatory approach implementation (meetings, workshops, field visits)


Date 28/06 b 28/06 a 03/07 a 03/07 b 03/07 c 05/07 04/07 a 04/07 b Place Fishery Division meeting room MoA and Fishery, Hope Gardens Kingston FAO representative Kingston, 1/3 Lady Musgrave Road MoAF., Rural Physical Planning Unit GIS National Spatial Data Management Division at the Ministry of Water, Land, Environment and Climate Change Water Resources Agency, Kingston Fisheries Division, Marcus Garvey Drive, Kingston NICL office, 191 Old Hope Road, Kingston 6, Kingston MONA Geoinformatics Institute (University of the West Indies), Mona Campus, Kingston 7, W.I. 08/07 a 08/07 b 10/07 16/07 19/07 05-06-0710- 11- 12- 18 - 19 of July 20/07 30/07 31/07 Fisheries Division Office, Marcus Gervery Drive Aquaculture Branch, Spanish Town Ministry of Local Government Development (MLGCD) National Environment and Kingston and Community Subject Kick off meeting, PPT presentation and p. approach Introductory meeting Presentation planning Aquaculture strategic

Presentation GIS database Electronic database collection Water use and electronic data NEPA role and available databases Irrigation organization availability Environmental availability electronic and water

databases

Presentation ACP fish II project and ALWUDP Mariculture presentation Focus group meeting with fish farmers Parish planning NEPA role and database availability Field Visits and participatory assessment of Jamaican aquaculture (see report below) ODPE role and database availability GIS expert consultation meeting with 12 participants Aquaculture expert consultation Meeting with 30 participants (see workshop report below) Mariculture meeting Mission inputs GIS specialist Final Validation workshop, with more

Planning Agency (NEPA),

More than 30 farms over the following parishes: St. Catherine, Westmoreland, Claredon, St. Mary, St. Thomas, St. Elizabeth, Portland and Spanish Town. Office of Disaster Management Preparedness and Emergency

Fisheries Division, Kingston Fisheries Division, Kingston

02/08 25/09 03/10

Min of Agr. & Fish., Rural Physical Planning Unit GIS FD Kingston Farmers Training Centre in Twickenham Park, Spanish

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FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

Town 04/10 04/10 Knutsford Hotel, Kingston MoAF., Rural Physical Planning Unit GIS

than 60 participants (see workshop report below) RFU final mission meeting Final GIS explanations and Training

Brief reports were drafted for each meeting mentioned above. For the workshops and the Field trips- Participatory assessment specific reports were issued and are presented here below;

VII.1. Participatory assessment of Jamaican Aquaculture VII.2. Expert consultation meeting VII.2.A. Zonation using GIS VII.2.B. Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development

VII.3. GIS explanation and training Workshop VII.4. Final Validation Workshop Meeting

All the other meeting reports (brief) are provided with the DVD

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VII.1. Participatory assessment of Jamaican Aquaculture

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VII.2. Expert consultation meeting


VII.2.A. Zonation using GIS

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VII.2.B. Aquaculture Land and Water Use Development

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VII.3. GIS explanation and training Workshop

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes

"Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries

VII.4. Final Validation Workshop Meeting

Project funded by the European Union

A project implemented by

FTR Annexes