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Fingerpicking Country Blues Guitar

A Repertoire Lesson
taught by

Stefan Grossman

EXPLANATION

OF THE

TAB SYSTEM

Learning from listening is unquestionably the best way, the only way that suits this kind of music. You are setting the notes down for a record of what happened, a record that can be studied, preserved and so on, a necessary and useful companion to the recordings of the actual sounds. I keep thinking of this as I transcribe; if you could do it, it would be good to have a legend across each page reading : Listen to the record if you want to learn the song. Hally Wood (taken from the Publishers Foreword to the New Lost City Ramblers Songbook.)
Copyright 1965 Oak Publications All rights reserved. Used by permission.

Generally for fingerpicking styles you will be playing the thumb, index and middle fingers of your picking hand. To indicate the picking finger in tab the stems go up and line up down from the numbers. A. A stem down means that your thumb strikes the note. B. If a stem is up, your index or middle finger strikes the note. The choice of finger is left up to you, as your fingers will dictate what is most comfortable, especially when playing a song up to tempo! C. The diagram below shows an open sixth string played with the thumb followed by the second fret of the third string played with the index or middle finger:
1 2 3 4 5 6

These words are most suitable for introducing the tablature system, for tablature is just a guide and should be used in conjunction with the recordings. Tablature is not like music notation, however the combination of tab and music in an arrangement forms a complete language. Used together with the original recordings they give a total picture of the music. The tab system does not attempt to show rhythms or accents. These can be found on the music or heard in the recordings. Music notation tackles these articulations to a degree, but the overall sensations, the feel and the soul of music cannot be wholly captured on the written page. In the words of the great Sufi Hazrat Inayat Khan: The traditional ancient songs of India composed by great Masters have been handed down from father to son. The way music is taught is different from the Western way. It is not always written, but is taught by imitation. The teacher sings and the pupil imitates and the intricacies and subtleties are learned by imitation. This is the theme Ive tried to interpolate into the tablature. Tablature is the roadmap and you are the driver. Now to the tab: Each space indicates a string. The top space represents the first string, second space the second string, etc. A zero means an open string, a number in the space indicates the fretted position, for instance a 1 in a space indicates the first fret of that string.

2 0

In most cases the thumb will play an alternating bass pattern, usually on the bass strings. The index and middle fingers play melodic notes on the first, second and third strings. Please remember, this is not a rule; there are many exceptions. In fingerpicking there are two picking styles: Regular picking and pinching two notes together. A pinch is shown in the tab by a line connecting two notes. A variation of this can also be two treble notes pinched with a bass note. Follow the examples below from left to right:
1)
1 2 3 4 5 6

2)

3)

4)
1 3

5)
1

6)

3 0 1

3 1

1 2 3 4 5 6

In the diagram below the zero is on the second string and indicates the open second string is played. The 1 is placed on the third string and signifies the first fret of the third string. Likewise, the 4 is in the fourth space and indicates the fourth fret of the fourth string.
1 2 3 4 5 6

1) The open sixth string is played with the thumb. 2) The first fret of the sixth string is pinched together with the third fret on the third string. The sixth string is played with the thumb, the third string with the index finger. 3) The thumb strikes the third fret of the fourth string. 4) The first fret/sixth string is played with the thumb; its pinched with two notes in the treble. The index and middle fingers strike the first fret/first string and the third fret/ second string. 5) The next note is the index finger hitting the first fret/second string. 6) Lastly, the bass note is played with the thumb on the third fret/fourth string. There are certain places in blues and contemporary guitar that call for the use of either strumming techniques or accented bass notes. The tab illustrates these as follows:
1) 2)
0 0 1

4
1 2 3 4 5 6

3)

4)
0 0 1 2

5)
0 0 1

y
2 0

2 0

1) The thumb hits the open sixth string and the second fret on the fifth string should also sound. For example, play an E chord. Now strike the open string and vary the force of your attack. Try hitting it hard enough so that the fifth string vibrates as well. This technique is very important for developing a full sound and the right alternating bass sound. 2) Next the arrow notation indicates a brush and the arrow head indicates the direction of the brush. A. If the arrowhead is pointed down, the hand brushes up towards the sixth string. B. If pointed up, the hand brushes down towards the first string. C. The number of strings to be played by the brush is shown by the length of the arrows. For example, this arrow shows a brush up toward the sixth string, but indicates to strike only the first, second and third strings. D. The brush can be done with your whole hand, index finger or middle and ring finger. Let comfort plus a full and right sound guide your choice. 3) The third set of notes again shows the sixth string/open bass note played with the thumb and being struck hard enough to make the fifth string/second fretted position sound. 4) Once more an arrow pointed downward indicates a brush up. This example forms an E chord and the brush up includes the first, second, third and fourth strings. 5) The last set of notes has an arrow pointed upward, indicating a brush downward striking the first, second, and third strings. Here are several special effects that are also symbolized in tablature:
1)
1 2 3 4 5 6

3) HARMONICS: Symbolized by a dot (). To play a harmonic: gently lay your finger directly above the indicated fret (dont press down!) The two notes in the example are both harmonics. The first on the twelfth fret/third string is played with the index/middle finger, while the second notetwelfth fret/fourth stringis played with the thumb. 4) SLIDE: Shown with a dash (). Play the second fret/sixth string and then slide up to the fourth fret of the sixth string. This is a continuous movement: the string is struck once with your thumb. 5) PULL-OFF: P designates a pull-off. Fret both the seventh and ninth frets on the second string. Play the ninth fret with your index/middle finger and then quickly remove it in the same stroke, leaving the seventh fret/second string. Pull-offs are generally in a downward direction. 6) In certain cases other specific symbols are added to the tab, for instance: A. For ARTIFICIAL HARMONICS an X is placed after the fretted position. B. For SNAPPING a note an indication may be given with a symbol or the written word. Many times these special techniques are combined, for instance putting a pull-off and a hammer-on together. Coordination of your fretting and picking hands will be complex initially, but the end results are exciting and fun to play.

2)
7 8 W

3)

4)

5)
9 P7

12

2 3H

12 2 4

PICKING HAND POSITION FOR FINGERPICKING STYLES: The Classical and Flamenco schools have strict right-hand rules, however for this style of acoustic fingerpicking there are NO RULES, only suggestions. Your right hand position should be dictated by comfort, however in observation of many well-known fingerpickers I found one hand position similaritythey all tend to rest their little finger and/or ring finger on the face of the guitar. This seems to help their balance for accenting notes and control of the guitar. Experiment with this position: it may feel uncomfortable at first. I ask my students to perfect this position and then compare the sound to when their finger(s) were not placed on the face of the guitar. They usually find the sound is greatly improved when some contact is kept with the guitar face.

1) HAMMER-ON: Designated by an H which is placed after the stem on the fret to be hammered. In the example above, fret the second fret/fifth string and pick it with your thumb. Then hammer-on (hit hard) the third fret/fifth string, i.e. fret the third fret/fifth string. This is an all-in-one, continuous motion which will produce two notes rapidly with one picking finger strike. 2) WHAM: Designated by a W. In the example the eighth fret/second string is whammed and played with the seventh fret/first string. Both notes are played together with your index and middle fingers respectively. The whammed note is stretched. We do this by literally bending the note up. We can wham the note up a half tone, full tone, etc.

MUSIC NOTATION: We have somewhat adapted the music notation in that this also shows whether the note is picked with your thumb or index/middle fingers. The stems of the music notes correspond to the direction of the tab stems. I hope this will make the music notation clearer to fingerpicking guitarists.

I hope you will feel at home and comfortable with the tablature and musical notations. Remember, these are only road maps indicating where and how you should place your fingers. The playing and musical interpretation is up to you.

MY CREOLE BELLE
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C F

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Into Next Verse (F)

My Creole belle, I love her well, My darlin baby, my Creole belle. When the stars shine Ill call her mine, My darlin baby, my Creole belle. My Creole belle, I love her well, I love her more anyone can tell. My Creole belle, I love her well, My darlin baby, my Creole belle. When the stars are shinin Ill call her mine, My darlin baby . . . My Creole belle, I love her well, My darlin baby, my Creole belle.

LOUIS COLLINS
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Mrs. Collins weeped, Mrs. Collins moaned To see her son Louis leavin home. The angels laid him away. The angels laid him away, They laid him six feet under the clay. The angels laid him away. Mrs. Collins weeped, Mrs. Collins moaned To see her son Louis leavin home. The angels laid him away. Oh, Bob shot once and Louis shot two. Shot poor Collins, shot him through and through. The angels laid him away. Oh, kind friends, oh, aint it hard? To see poor Louis in a new graveyard. The angels laid him away. 7

The angels laid him away, They laid him six feet under the clay. The angels laid him away. Oh, when they heard that Louis was dead, All the people, they dressed in red. The angels laid him away. The angels laid him away, They laid him six feet under the clay. The angels laid him away. Mrs. Collins weeped, Mrs. Collins moaned To see her son Louis leavin home. The angels laid him away. The angels laid him away, They laid him six feet under the clay. The angels laid him away.

OH BABE, AINT NO LIE


4 . & 4
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CHORUS

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One old woman in this town Keeps on tellin' her lies on me. I wish to my Lord, that woman would die She's telling her lies on me. Chorus: Oh babe, ain't no lie. Oh babe, ain't no lie. Oh babe, ain't no lie. This life I'm living is very hard.

I've been all around this whole wide world I just got home today. I work all the day and give my money all to you What more can I do. Chorus: Oh babe, ain't no lie. Oh babe, ain't no lie. Oh babe, ain't no lie. This life I'm living is very hard.

10

ALL MY FRIENDS ARE GONE


4 & 4
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GUITAR BREAK

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12

First Version: from the singing of Rev. Gary Davis Delia, Delia was a-goin her last go round When ol Cutty came by And shot her to the ground All the friends I had are gone. Delia, Delia made a lunge to run, Sheriff shot her down With his great big Gatlin gun. All the friends I ever had are gone. Rubber-tired carriage, rubber-tired hack Done took poor Delia to the boneyard, Aint never brought her back. All the friends I ever had are gone. Men in Atlanta tryin to pass fo white. Delia s in the graveyard Six feet out of sight. All the friends I ever had are gone. Men in Atlanta drinkin out a silver cup Delias in the graveyard, Ain t never goin to get up. All the friends I ever had are gone. Delia, Delia, how could it be ? Wanted everyone, But you never had time for me All the friends I ever had are gone.

Second Version: from the singing of Blind Willle McTell Delia was a gambler, gambled all around She was a gamblin girl, Shes layin her money down. She s all I got is gone. Delia see her mother, took a trip out West. When she returned, Little Delia had gone to rest. She s all I got is gone. 13

Delia s Mother weeped, Delia s father moaned. Wouldnt hurt so bad, But chile died at home. She s all I got is gone. Delia, Delia, how can it be? Say you love them rounders And dont love me. Shes all I got is gone. Cuttys hes in the barroom, drinkin out of a silver cup. Delia she s in the graveyard May not never wake up. She s all I got is gone. Rubber-tired buggy, double-seated hack, Taken Delia to the cemetery But failed to bring her back. Shes all I got is gone. Delia, Delia poor girl she s gone. All I have She has left me all alone. She s all I got is gone. Judge said to Cutty, What that fuss about?" All account of those gamblers Tryin to drive me out. She s all I got is gone. Cutty said to the judge, What might be my fine? I done told you poor boy You got ninety-nine. She s all I got is gone. Up on the house top, high as I can see, Lookin at those rounders Lookin' after me. She s all I got is gone. Curly lookin high, curly lookin low, Shot poor Delia down With that April 44. She s all I got is gone. 14

SEE SEE RIDER


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You see see rider, you see what you have done? You made me love you . . . Made me love you, now your man done come, You made me love you, now your man have come. Aint no more potatoes, the frost have killed the vine, Well, the blues aint nothin but a good woman on your mind, The blues aint nothin but a good woman on your mind, The blues aint nothin but a good woman on your mind. You see, see, rider, you see what you done? You done made me love you . . . You made me love you . . . Ive told you, baby, and your mama told you, too, Youre three times seven, you know what you wanna do, Three times seven, you know what you wanna do, Youre three times seven, you know what you wanna do. If I had a listened to my second mind, Lord, I wouldnt have been sittin here and wringin my hands and cryin, I wouldnt been sittin here, wringin my hands and cryin, I wouldnt been sittin here, wringin my hands and cryin. You see, see, rider, you see what you have done? You done made me love you . . . You made me love you . . .

16

SUGARBABE
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17

Sugarbabe, Im tired of you, Aint your honey but the way you do. Sugarbabe, its all over now. All I want my babe to do, Make five dollars and give me two. Sugarbabe, its all over now. Went downtown and bought me a rope, Whupped my baby till she Buzzard Lope. Sugarbabe, its all over now. Sugarbabe, whats the matter with you? You dont treat me like you used to do. Sugarbabe, its all over now. Went to town and bought me a line, Whupped my baby 'till she changed her mind. Sugarbabe, sugarbabe, its all over now. Sugarbabe, Im tired of you, Aint your honey but the way you do. Sugar babe, its all over now.

18

MONDAY MORNING BLUES


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20

I woke up this morning... I woke up this morning... Woke up this morning, with the monday morning blues. I couldnt hardly flnd... I couldnt hardly find... I couldnt hardly find, my monday morning shoes. Monday morning blues... Monday morning blues... Monday morning blues, searched all through my bones. Monday morning blues... Monday morning blues... Monday morning blues, made me leave my home. Ive been laying In jail... Ive been laying in jail... Ive been laying in jail, six long weeks today. Lord, tomorrow morning... Lord, tomorrow morning... Lord, tomorrow morning, gonna be my trial day. Lord, I asked the judge... Well, I asked the judge... Well, I asked the judge, what might be my crime. Get a pick and shovel... Get a pick and shovel... Get a pick and shovel, lets go down in the mine. Thats the only time... Thats the only time... Thats the only time, I ever felt like cryin. Well, my heart struck sorrow... Well, my heart struck sorrow... Well, my heart struck sorrow, tears come rolling down.

21

CANDYMAN
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To Verse

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24

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All you ladies, gather round, The good, sweet candymans in town, Candyman, candyman! Hes got stick candy thats nine inches long, He sells it faster than a hog can chew his corn, Candyman, candyman! All heard what sister Johnson said, She always takes a candystick to bed, Candyman, candyman! Aw, his stick candy dont melt away, It just gets better, so the ladies say, Candyman, candyman! Yes, cant stand close to the candyman, Hell ease a stick of candy in your hand, Candyman, candyman! Yes, you and the candyman, youre gettin mighty sick, mm hmm . . . Unh huh, oh yeah, Oh yeah, yes, yes! I say, you and the candyman, youre gettin mighty sick, mm hmm, mm hmm, You must be stuck on the candymans stick, oh yeah, oh yeah.

25

SISTER KATE
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28

THE F RAG
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1 2

1 2 1 3

3 1 1

3 5

30

& b

j j j . #
0 5 3 4 3 4 5

j j
3 3 5 3

3 4

5 5

3 4

4 3

3 5

j j & b

j j j .
0 3 1 2 1 2 3

5 5

3 5 3 3

1 2

3 3

1 2

& b

j
1 3 3 1

D.C.

1 2 1 3

3 1 1

31