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Part I I – Multiple Choice. Write the letter(s) that corresponds to your best choice in your answer sheet. If ever none

10) The feeling of unpleasantness or disorientation when one goes to an unfamiliar setting is:

of the choices is right, write the correct answer.

a.

culture strip

d.

cultural imagination

 

b.

skeptical receptivity

e. none of these

 

1)

Society denotes

c.

culture shock

 

a. the totality of social organization and its complex

 

of social relationships

 

11) When

one

group

blends

and

takes

on

the

b. a group of people who share a common culture

characteristics of another culture, there is

 

c. a geographical aggregate who live a common life

a. Acculturation

d. assimilation

and interact with one another

b. Accommodation

e. none of these

d. all of the above

c. adaption

 

e. none of the above

2)

The pattern of relationship between units of a specified

12) The sharing for the dignity of others and being with them is:

whole is:

a. Pakikisalamuha

d. pakikitungo

 

a. social structure

d.

all of these

b. Pakikiisa

 

e.

none of these

b. social organization

e.

none of these

c. pakikipagkapwa

 

c. society

3)

Sociologists define culture as:

 

13) The obligation to repay a person for whom one has received a favor with undefined quantification is

a. a state of refinement

a. Pakikisama

d.

utang na loob

 

b. the plastic and graphics arts

 

b. kusang loob

e.

none of these

c. activities such as TV sitcoms, soap operas or rock music

c. magandang loob

 

d. the totality of meanings, values, customs, norms, ideas and symbols relative to a society

14) The occurrence of graft and corruption, nepotism and favoritism in the Philippines if often attributed to the

e. none of the above

value of:

 

a. Personalism d. hospitality

 

4)

Which statement about culture does sociologist hold?

b. Impersonalism

e.

none of these

a. people living in urban areas are highly cultured

c. utang na loob

 

b. the Negritoes in Central Luzon are uncultured

 

c. all societies have culture

 

15) The raw materials from which personality is fashioned

d. all of the above

refers to:

e. none of the above

a. genetic personalities

 
 

b. biological inheritance

5)

The idea held by the Negritoes about nature spirits

c. geographical environment

 

helping them is an example of:

d. socio-cultural environment

a. norms

d. sanction

 

e. all of these

 

b. belief

e. all of these

 

c. perception

16) The basic idea off personality held by the symbolic

6)

The strongly held norms considered essential to the

interactionism is that personality is the result of the interaction.

welfare of the people and their cherished values are

a. heredity and environment

 

called:

b. individuals mediated by symbols or language

 

a. folkways

d. laws

 

c. the individuals and his culture

 

b. belief

e. all of these

d. all of these

 

c. mores

e. none of these

7)

When norms are formalized a governing body, they become -

17) The process by which a child learns to conform to the norms of the group acquires a status, plays the

a. folkways

d. laws

 

corresponding role and emerges with a social self is –

b. belief

e.

none of these

a. education

 

d. socialization

c. mores

b. enculturation

 

e.

none of these

 

c. presentation of self

 

8)

The socially imposed rewards and punishments to

 

ensure the conformity of the members of society to its norms are called -

18) Which statement best characterizes the socialization process?

a. laws

d. sanctions

 

a. the first five years of child’s life is crucial in

b. folkways

e. all of these

personality formation

c. mores

b. socialization is a continuous life-long process

 

9)

Which of the following is apart of our folkways?

c. culture makes its deep influence during early childhood

a. the pamanhikan

d.

all of these

d. the church play a crucial role in the socialization

b. superstitious

e.

none of these

process

c. the ten commandments

e. none of these

 

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19) According to Cooley, the ability of children to visualize themselves through the eyes of others and imagine how they appear to others is called –

a. personality

b. looking glass self

c. presentation of self

d. superego

e. none of these

20) Responding to a number of individuals in the group and integrating the various rules or set of norms of the group takes place in what is called the period of the –

a. looking glass self

b. reference groups

c. generalized others

d. development of the social self

e. all of these

21) Which of the following serves as the role model and source of values and attitudes for the young?

c. bilocal

29) Among the Muslims, the most common type of family is

a.

b.

c. neolocal

nuclear

joint

d. avunculocal family

e. none of these

30) The function of religion in all culture is –

a. to provide guidance to behavior

b. perform welfare function

c. discover a road to spiritual serenity

d. perform recreation function

e. all of these

31) The hierarchical arrangement and establishment of social categories that may evolve into social groups together with statuses and their corresponding roles refer to:

a. school group

d. mass media

a. social ranking

d.

segmentation

b. church group

e. none of these

b. social stratification

e.

none of these

c.

peer group

c.

bureaucracy

22) Statuses

which

are

fixed

at

birth

by

biological

32) The social standing of a person or group within a social

characteristics

over

which

the

individuals

has

little

class or the whole stratification system is called –

control are –

a. status

d.

social

rank

a. ascribed

d. attained

b. assigned

e. none of these

b. role

e. none of these

c. achieved

c. social exchange

23) Becoming a doctor is an example of –

a. ascribed

d. attained

33) When we say Cebuanos are thrifty and industrious, and Bicolanos are friendly people, we are making use –

b. assigned

e. none of these

a. stereotypes

d. prejudice

c. achieved

b. ethnocentrism

e.

none of these

24) The basic element society is the –

of social structure in Philippine

34) The

c. Epithets

improvement

in the quality of life, ensuring

a. friendship group

d. rural community

adequate level of nutrition and suitable characteristics of

b. family

e. all of these

economically and politically stable societies of the West

c. school

is –

25) The totality of social organization and the complex network of interconnected, interdependent and overlapping social relationships refers to –

a. modernization

d.

progress

b.

development

c. globalization

e. none of these

a. social groups

c. bureaucracy

b. society

d. state

35) The movement of a person or group of persons to

e. none of these

26) In the Philippines, the adoption or borrowing of the culture patterns and values of the Chinese by the Filipinos and vice-versa is –

another place more or less for permanent residence is –

a. migration

b. population growth

c. population change

d. ecological movement

e. none of these

a. accommodation

c. bureaucracy

36) The complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,

b. society

d. reciprocity e. none of these

art, morals, laws, customs, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by men as a member of society is –

 

a. religion

d. culture

27) The family where one is born, reared and socialized is –

b. ethnocentrism

e. none of these

a. family orientation

b. family of procreation

c. nuclear family

d. egalitarian family

e. none of these

28) The type of residence which permits the newly married couple to reside independently of the parents of the bride and the groom is –

c. idiosyncrasy

37) The anthropologist who discovered Palawan was –

the tabon cave in

a.

b. Linda Jocano

c. Robert Fox

Jaime Bulatao

d. Frank Lynch

e. Francisco Rodrigo

a. patrilocal

d.

neolocal residence

38) The kinship group consisting of parents and children is

b. matrilocal

e.

none of these

the –

Page 3 of 104

a. nuclear

d. households

48) A rule about putting your napkins in your lap before you

b. stem

e. none of these

start eating is an example of –

39)

c.

extended

is the material wealth given to the bride and her family before marriage.

a.

b.

c.

mores

ethnocentrism

folkway

d. laws

e. none of these

a. bride wealth

d.

fetish

49) By taking the role of the other, George Herbert Mead

b. fosterage

e.

all of these

meant –

c. dowry

a. practicing the new role before actually taking on that role

40) Polygamy is practiced by the –

a. Muslims of southern Philippines

d. Negritos

b.

c. Bontocs e. Cebuanos

Kalingas

b. seeing an image of oneself reflected in other people’s eyes

c. learning to play a game such as baseball by the rules

41)

describes the blurring and breakdown of

d. learning to see things from another person’s point of view.

established rules, standards, categories, distinctions and boundaries.

e. all of these

a.

naturalization

d. westernization

b.

postmodern

e.

none of these

50) One of the primary differences between peers and parents as agents of socialization is that –

c.

urbanization

a. peers engage in open conflict

 

b. peer’s relations are egalitarian

42)

are considered as society’s standards of morality, propriety, ethics and legality.

c. peers and parents have different confliction values

a. folkways

d. habits

 

d. peer are more fun

b. values

e.

all of these

e. all of these

c. norm

 
 

51) Freud’s term for the part of the personality that operates

43)

is the family in which a person is raised and born.

a. family of procreation

 

d.

joint family

on the pleasure level, seeking immediate gratification, is the –

b. family of orientation

e.

family size

a. Id

d. libido

c. extended family

 

b. Superego

e. drive

 

c. ego

44)

was Frank Lynch’s contribution to the study of Filipino values. It connotes the facility of getting along

52) Which of the following theories saw socialization as a confrontation between the individual and society?

with others so as to avoid outward signs of conflicts, even under difficult circumstances.

a. Sigmund Freud

d. Charles Horton Cooley

a. smooth interpersonal relationship

 

b. Erik Erikson

e.

John Locke

b. reciprocity

d.

utang na loob

c. George Herbert Mead

c. amor propio

e.

all of these

45)

is a Filipino value and defined as benign taken by one’s fellowmen for what one is or believes he is and

53) Young children “play” at being mothers and fathers, cops and robbers, Hollywood stars and sports heroes. All of these are examples of role playing illustrate –

treated in accordance with his status, not rejected or improperly criticized.

a. social acceptance

b. pakikipagkapwa

amor propio

c.

d. bayanihan

e. none of these

46) Countless popular songs tell us that for every person there is one true love. This is an example of –

a. the generalized other

b. learning to play the game

c. anticipatory socialization

d.

e.

id impulses

none of these

54) Which of the following is an example of an achieved status?

a. real culture

d.

patterned evasion

a. Wife

d. being born male

b. ideal culture

e.

all of these

b. brother

e.

none of these

c.

subculture

c. having blue eyes

47) Which of the following is a value?

55) A sick person’s obligation to stay in bed doctor’s orders is an example of his or her –

and follow

a. students should not throw spitballs during classes

a. status

d. institution

b. students who cheat on examinations should be

b. role

e. none of these

suspended

c. presentation of self

c. all young people have a right to an education

d. college professors should not data their students

e. all of the above

56) The so-called superwoman syndrome, which holds that a woman ought to be able to keep and raise a family while pursuing a full-time career is an example of –

a. role strain

d.

identity confusion

b. role conflict

e.

all of these

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c.

institutionalized

57) In order to achieve control, all societies depend upon which are rewards for conforming behavior and punishment for deviant behavior –

faith, hope and peace in the World. terms of the following:

Give your view in

a. impractical

b. suit to contemporary world

c. likely to generate more peace and harmony

a. informal norms

d.

offenses

d. do more harm than good

b. values

e.

none of these

e. all of these

c. sanctions

58) The division of society into layers in termed as –

a.

b. status inconsistency

c. status defects

stratification

d. life chance matrix

e. none of these

59) The most preferred form of marriage in human societies is –

a.

b.

monogamy

polygamy

c.

bigamy

d. polyandry

e. all of these

60) The function of family that has become increasingly important in contemporary society is

a. the distribution of goods and services

b. socialization of children

c. regulation of sexual activity

d. emotional gratification

e. all of these

61) Who called religion as the opium of the people?

67) Beauty, health, and wealth necessary go together in

principle.

one or two of them, he/she loses a great deal of what is essential in life –

On this premise, if a person possesses only

a. the premise is true but the conclusion is false

b. the premise and the conclusion are both true

c. the premise is false but the conclusion is true

d. the premise and the conclusion are both false

e.

none of these

68) In general, values maybe effectively taught by means of inculcation and instilment. The others are –

a. repetition, instinction, practice and imitation

b. compassion, expression and problem-solving

c. function, habituation, cultivation

d. enrichment, intensification, improvement and modification

e. none of these

69) Values are refined in instructional materials such stories, plays and game or in

as

a. Max Weber

d. Robert Bellah

a. technology like film or radio

b. Karl Max

e. none of these

b. neighboring chats

c.

Emile Durkheim

62) All religion shares which of the following characteristics?

a. a quest for visions and mystical experiences

b. rituals that symbolizes beliefs

c. a belief in spirits

c.

d. rallies

e. all of these

festivities

70) The general term used to indicate multiple marriage of any type is –

d. a belief in God

a. polygamy

d.

group marriage

e. a belief in the Holy Spirit

b. hybridization

e.

all of these

63) The process by which population is concentrated in cities is called –

a.

b.

c. urbanization

Secularization

rural migration

d. all of these

e. one of these

c. serial monogamy

71) The system of relation among the members in a society is –

a.

kinship

d. lineage

 

b. descent

e.

none of these

64) An urban area containing a city and its surrounding suburb and forming an economic and geographic unit is

 

c. festive kinship

called –

72)

refers to sexual relation with close relatives.

a. metropolis

d. community

a.

taboo

d. endogamy

b. neopolis

e. none of these

b.

incest

e.

none of these

c. iopolis

c.

agriates

65) Karl Max, one of the fathers of Communism says that

a. a game of life

73)

refers to that form of a family whereby married

religion is –

brothers with their respective families decided to live together less than one house.

b. the opium of the people

 

a. deal career family

d. joint family

c. the bread of life

b. trifurcated family

e. none of these

d. a form of harassment

 

c. stem family

 

e. none of these

66) The Christian values of compassion, mercy, humility, sacrifices, gratitude and obedience as opposing rigor, practice, pride, indulgence, reciprocity, and independence, respectively have found the ways of

74) The existence of university belt, cars, raw, restaurants, row or auto spare parts streets is an example of –

a.

b.

c. gradient

Centralization

Concentration

d. dominance

e.

none of these

Page 5 of 104

75) A change in technology and science of a society is –

a. acculturation

d. assimilation

a. Innovation

d.

social change

b. accommodation

e. all of these

b. culture changes

e. all of these

c. adoption

c. geographical changes

85) When norms are formalized by governing body, they become –

85) When norms are formalized by governing body, they become –

85) When norms are formalized by governing body, they become –
85) When norms are formalized by governing body, they become –

76) The study of population – its size, distribution and change is –

76) The study of population – its size, distribution and change is –

a. Sociology

d. demography

a. folkways

b. mores

c. laws

d. sanctions

b.

c. geography

human ecology

e. history

77) The movement of a person or group of persons to

86) In the Philippines the adoption or borrowing of the cultural patterns and values of the Chinese by the Filipino and vice-versa is –

another place more or less for permanent

residence is

a. accommodation

d. reprocity

b. adoption

e. assimilation

a. migration

d.

population change

c. acculturate

b. immigration

e.

ecological movement

87) In terms of authority, the Filipino family and more –

c. population growth

a.

b.

patriarchal

matriarchal

d. bilateral

e.

none of these

78) The improvement in the quality of life, ensuring adequate level of nutrition and suitable physical surroundings in the social, political, and ecological systems and helping the people realize their potentials is –

c.

equilateral

88) To the middle class, the main indicator of social status

is –

 

a. land holding

d.

education

a. modernization

d. progress

b. lifestyle

e.

all of these

b. development

e. all of these

c. authority

c. globalization

79) The form of behavior that violate the norms and culture

89) A change in the technology and science of a society is-

a.

b.

Innovation

cultural change

d. social change

e. technological change

a.

flainters

d. non-social

c. geographical change

b.

deviant

e. none of these

90) Even

among

identical

twins, brothers and sisters,

c.

defiant

teachers should not compare abilities because –

80) Which serves as the role model and source of values and attitudes for the young –

a. every individual is unique

b. comparisons can arouse the feeling of hostility and anger

a. school group

d.

mass media

c. comparisons can lead to unnecessary

b. church group

e.

gang

pressures

c. peer group

d. all of these

81) The

basic

idea of

personality

held

by

symbolic

91) There are different factors that affect intelligence, which

interactions

is

that

personality

is

the

result

of

the

of these refers to the pathological conditions?

interaction between –

a. heredity

c. brain

a. heredity and environment

b. race

d. emotion

b. individuals mediated by symbols or language

c. the individuals and his culture

92) The lowest IQ indicated in the intelligence scale is-

d. all of these

a. moron

c. idiot

e. none of these

b. imbecile

d. feeble-minded

82) The

supreme

and

over-reaching

characterizes education is –

values

that

93) The individual’s basic outlooks, values and ideals are to

a great shape except during –

a. human dignity

a. neonate

c. adolescence

b. health and harmony with nature

b. childhood

d. adulthood

c. human existence

d. peace and practice

e. none of these

94) The cycle of human development includes the following stages mentioned below. Which of these stages should come first?

83) The occurrence of graft and corruption, nepotism and

a. adulthood

c. childhood

favoritism in the Philippines is often attributed to the values of –

b. Infanthood

d. adolescence

a. personalism d. hospitality

b. impersonalism e.

c. utang na loob

all of these

84) When one group blends and takes in the character of another culture there is –

95) One inherits certain traits from one’s parents but he is not the real replica of his parents. This explains the principle of heredity which is the principle of –

a.

b.

variation

uniformity

c. reproduction

d.

filial regression

Page 6 of 104

96) The teacher can help develop self-concept among her

a. letting the child know how bad, stupid and a

108)

A child who

can execute difficult dance steps,

pupils by –

failure he was

throw and catch a ball skillful play several games is said to have –

a. mechanical intelligence

 

b. keeping quiet about the child’s limitation

 

b. abstract intelligence

 

c. expressing confidence on the child’s capability

 

c. motor intelligence

d. punishing

d. social intelligence

97) Which of the following will not directly satisfy biological drives?

109)

A child who is cordial, friendly and helpful with whom people like, has a high capacity for –

 

a. water

c. economic security

 

a. mechanical intelligence

 

b. oxygen

d. sleep

b. abstract intelligence

 
 

c. motor intelligence

98) What term is used to refer to internal stimulus condition

 

d. social intelligence

 

of

the organism, which impels it to activity?

 
 

a. motives

c. motivation

 

110)

Which of the four emotional behavior patterns will

b. school phobia

d. incentive

 

be the reaction in pleasant situation?

 

a. destruction

 

c. retreat

 

99) A child who is overprotected or rejected may suffer –

 

b. approach

d. stopping of response

 

a. obsession

c. neutralism

 

b. school phobia

d. hypochondriac

111)

When a younger reverts to weeping, pouting or

100)

There are many factors to consider in determining

childish play as a means of overcoming frustrations, this mechanism is called –

 

the child’s readiness for learning. Which of these is the

a. repression

 

c. nomadism

 

most basic?

b. regression

d. fantasy

 
 

a. maturation

b. experience

112)

Cognitive domain refers to –

 

c. methods and materials instruction

 

a. skills

 

c. values

 

d. emotional; attitudes and personal adjustment

 

b. attitudes

d.

knowledge with

 
 

understanding

101)

The internationalization of ethical values refers to-

 

a. personality

c. dynamics

 

113)

There are different ways of identifying talented and

b. character

d. organization

 

gifted children.

Which of these will contribute least to

 

such identification?

 

102)

Learning is due to maturation and training.

Which

a.

standardized intelligence tests

 
 

of

the laws is highly related to it?

 

b.

standardized achievement tests

 
 

a. Law of use

c.

Law of effect

c.

teachers’ observations

 

b. Law of annoyance

d. Law of readiness

 

d.

parents’ opinions

 

103)

What tests are designed to measure capabilities?

114)

The

behavior

of

the

child

is

to

large

extent

a. achievement tests

c. objective tests

 

dependent upon his –

 

b. aptitude tests

d. standardized tests

 

a. biological inheritance

 

c. peers

 
 

b. environment

 

d. parents

104)

During the sensorimotor period, the child develops

115)

The teacher should help the isolate by –

 

a

functional understanding of many things. Which of

a. total immersion

 

these does not belong to these?

b. shifting him in different groups

 
 

a. imitation to play

c. space and time

 

c. using gradual induction

 

b. causality objects

d. concentration

d. giving him different work

105)

When teaching Math, the teacher provides

116)

Which of these provide the best reinforcement?

 

situations where the pupils discovered the meaning of

a. use of marks

 

square. We may then the pupils form –

b. scholarships

 

a. process concept

c. quality concept

 

c. awarding a model

 

b. structural concept

d. cluster concept

d. natural interest in the world

 
 

117)

There are several causes of maladjustment. Which

106)

Which of these listed needs does not belong to the

one is not a sure cause?

 

socio-genic type?

a. Poverty

 

c. broken home

 
 

a. thirst

c. security

 

b. Rejection d. intelligence

 

b. status

d. independence

 
 

118)

The period of concrete operations covers ages –

107)

The most scientific school of psychology is –

 

a. 1 – 2 years

 

c. 7 – 11 years

 

a. Behaviorism

c. Structuralism

b. 2 – 7 years

d. 11 – 14 years

 

b. Gestaltism

d. Functionalism

 
 

119)

According to Erickson, “identity crisis” or identify vs. role” confusion occurs during the ages of

Page 7 of 104

 

a. 3 to 6 years

c. 12 to 18 years

130)

The best way to help adolescents become socially

b. 6 to 12 years

d. 18 to 21 years

mature is to –

 

a. urge them to confide in their parents

 

120)

Learning is a matter of habit formation of “getting

a. Gestaltism

 

b. help them feel free to do as the crowd does

used to it” according to the theory of Pavlov known as –

c. give wholesome and adequate social experiences

 

b. Functionalism

d. overcome inferiority feelings and pattern

 

c. Stimulus response-connectionism

 

d. Conditioning

131)

Emotions are significant because they –

 
 

a. always stimulate thinking

 

121)

The best single criterion on the degree of maturity

 

b. preserves our lives

of a child is his –

c. are the products of the body

 

a. size

c. bone classification

d. are the major fasteners in personality

 

b. age

d. skeletal growth

122)

Growth is most rapid proportionally –

132)

The school causes emotional maladjustments most often by –

a. in the pre-natal months

a. hard problems and lessons

 

b. from birth to six

b. failure in the work

c. from six to twelve

c. opposition from friends

d. in adolescence

d. lack of guidance

123)

Growth takes place –

133)

The endocrine glands –

a. gradually for the whole organism

a. are glands of internal secretions

 

b. with differential rates for different parts of the

c. suddenly by spurts of the whole

b. are known as the glands with ducts

body

c. are glands that produces sweat and perspirations

d. in serial order of development

d. directly control our behavior

 

124)

The different stages of the child growth should be

134)

The native stimulus for fear is –

understood because –

a. the dark

a. of the relation of between his physical and

b. the snakes

mental status

c. a sudden or starting stimulus

 

b. of the wide range of ability

d. being restrained or held

 

c. his emotional; and social factors affect growth

 

d. education should ft the growth

135)

Emotions can best be trained by –

 
 

a. assuming an indifference to disturbing things

125)

Adolescence includes the years from –

 

b. inhibiting or repressing all emotions

 

a. six to nine

c. avoiding all emotional stimuli

 

b. nine to twelve

d. attaching satisfaction to desirable emotional

c. thirteen to twenty-one

pattern

d. twenty-one to twenty-six

 
 

136)

Maladjustment can often be prevented by –

 

126)

By social intelligence, we mean –

a. giving the child more attention

 

a. ability to get along with people

b. speaking of the bad impression his conduct

b. absence of shyness

makes

c. membership in several organizations

 

c. seeing the child is successful in what he

d. absence of inferiority complex

undertakes

 

d. letting the child strictly alone

 

127)

Children form gang mainly because of –

 

a. parental laxity

137)

Overprotected children will probably develop into

b. rebellion against authority

adults who –

c. desire for adventure

a. are independent and self-reliant

 

d. the urge to be independent

 

b. are emotionally mature

 
 

c. will protect other children

128)

Delinquency reaches its peak –

 

d. continue to learn on their parent

 

a. before the teenage

138)

The most serious maladjusted child is one who –

b. in the early and middle teens

a. talk back to his teachers

 

c. in the twenties

b. is loud and disorderly

d. in the thirties

c. is unsocial and withdrawn from others

 
 

d. destroys school materials

 

129)

The gang generally disintegrates because of –

 

a. hostility between members

139)

Making

the

child

ashamed

of

some

habitual

b. members becomes different in size

behaviors is most likely to have effect of –

c. the school prohibits it

a.

eliminating

desirable

habit

without

harmful

Page 8 of 104

b. adding

a

misbehavior

deep

sense

of

guilt

to

the

c. causing open rebellion

d. a temporary improvement in conduct and attitude

a. physically small and sickly

b. nervous and emotionally unstable

c. shy, timid and unsocial

d. favorable endowed in more respect

140)

The correction of maladjustment in an individual

151)

People’ knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, customs and other capabilities and habits are known as –

child is –

 

a. education

c. culture

 

a. a very complicated and difficult matter

b. socialization

d. anthropology

b. an impossible task

c. a rather easy thing

152)

Pre-marital sex is commonly practiced in Western

d. a task only for psychiatrists

Countries, but considered bad in the Philippines; what is good for them is bad for us. This means that culture is

141)

Memorization is made more effective by –

a. Repetition

a. adaptive

c. shared

b. Visualization

b. dynamic

d. relative

c. Meaningfulness and understanding

 

d. Intensity

153)

An American felt sick after being forced to eat “balut” by Filipinos; such experience is known as –

142)

Studies of the effect of summer vacation upon retention indicate that –

 

a. culture trait

c.

culture diversity

 

a. much is forgotten

b. culture shock

d. culture amalgamation

b. small amount is forgotten

 

c. nothing is forgotten

154)

The expression “Filipinos operate or live on two

d. retention is increased

levels of culture,” means that Filipinos –

143)

The intention to remember is –

 

a. are influenced by both parental sides- father- mother

a. assume mastery

b. versatile people who can live whether in the

b. adds meaning to the material

 

Philippines or U.S.A.

c. does not retard forgetting

c. influenced by both Western and Asian culture

d. increased interest and mind-set

d. either good or bad

 

144)

Over-learning the material –

155)

Whether we like or not, it is impossible to find a true

a. increases retention

or pure Filipino music, dance or belief, because, culture

b. decrease interests

is –

c. makes memory work monotonous

 

a. diverge

 

c. relative

d. increases forgetting

b. dynamic-cumulative

d. learned

145)

A good memory has much value because it –

156)

In what sense does culture distinguished man from

a. gives one a chance to show individuality

animals?

b. shows that one is above average in intelligence

 

a. man develops culture, arts, laws, etc. while animals behave according to their instincts

c. increased one’s social efficiency

b. man is superior intellectually than animals

d. indicates clear thinking

c. man although superior intellectually, is physically inferior to animals

146)

The most widely accepted concept of intelligence is

 

d. animals can be cultured like human beings

 

 

a. capacity to learn

157)

When Filipino is married to a German, there is a

b. ability to control emotion

mixture or blending of two different cultures – as shown

c. ability to sustain oneself economically

in their children’s behavior, this is known as cultural –

d. ability to make social contacts

 

a. fusion

c. unification

 

b. amalgamation

d. breeding

147)

A feeble-minded person has an IQ of –

 

a. 80

c. below 70

158)

White people usually feel superior, blacks inferior;

b. 90

d. 75

this feeling of superiority is known as –

 

a. ethnocentrism

c. agnosticism

148)

A gifted person has an IQ of –

 

b. altruism

d. relativism

a. 100

c. 120

b. 110

d. above 130

159)

Filipino Catholics celebrate fiestas, novenas in

149)

The percentage of individuals classified as having

 

honor of their saints, or as a form of thanksgiving; this practice is part of –

an average of normal intelligence is –

 

a. folkways

c. folklore

 

a. 50

c. 70

b. folktales

d. none of these

b. 60

d. 80

160)

Sexual relations between relatives is strictly

 

forbidden in our society; this prohibition is part of the –

150)

Children who are very bright tend to be –

 

a.

folkways

c. traditions

Page 9 of 104

 

b. mores

 

d. all of these

 

for his roles, duties are a consideration of his dimension.

161)

Filipinos, Koreans, Japanese have their own

 

a. moral

c. spiritual

languages, habits, dresses, etc., the culture common to all people is known as –

b. social

d. political

a. sub-culture

 

c.

universe culture

172)

Why did the Philippines send military troops to

b. socio-culture

d. international culture

Cambodia? It is because –

 

a. the Philippines is part or a member of nation of

162)

As part of modernization, people would prefer to

 

U.N.O. and we promote global solidarity

use a telephone rather than travel, they prefer to take jeepneys rather than walk; these new habits are known

b. the Philippines was ordered by the United States

as –

c. the Philippines is against communism

a. technicways

 

c. folkways

 

d. none of these

b. mores

 

d.

culture complex

 

173)

Upon birth, his parents automatically rear an

163)

Pordoy and Kagidlay are newly-wed with no money to either rent or buy a house; so they decided to live their in-laws; theirs and in-laws families are now known

individual; he starts learning the culture of his family; later with his neighbors, then the school and society’s rules, regulations and laws. This is known as –

as –

a. education

c. training

a. nuclear

 

c. bilateral

 

b. socialization

d. experience

b. extended

 

d. unified families

 

164)

People’s ideas, beliefs of what is good or bad,

174)

What is the sociological difference between on “individual” and “person”?

desirable or undesirable, important or non important are better known as –

a. there is no difference between an individual and person

a. folkways

 

c. values

 

b. an individual is unsocialized, uncultured;

b. mores

 

d. attitudes

person cultured, socialized

 

c. an individual is bad; a person is good

165)

Earnings, watches, lipsticks, beautiful dresses have their –

 

d. both socialized

 

a. moral

 

c. educational

 

175)

As a person reaches adolescence, becoming more

b. ethical

d. social values

 

independent, the

have the greatest influences in

 

behavior.

166)

Some students often says, “It’s better to cheat than

 

a. home or parents

c.

peers

to repeat,” others also say, “Bahala na ug ma-zero; dili gyud ko mangodigo.” These expression show their –

b. school or teachers

d. priests

a. religious

 

c. spiritual

 

176)

Most governors, mayors, congressmen are corrupt,

b. moral-ethical

 

d. social values

rapists, murderers or less educated, yet they continue to

167)

Filipinos are always conscious of what people say

be re-elected during election s. This bad situation in our society shows the Filipinos in general are –

or think about their appearances or actions; this “ulaw” mentality is part of their desire to attain –

a. still politically immature, if not stupid who can be bought, threatened by guns, gold or money

a. social acceptance c. supernaturalism

 

b. in live with criminal politicians

b. euphemism d. particularlism

c. helpless and do not care about the future of the country/community

168)

Diplomas, titles, as Dr., Engr., Atty., are always used by Filipinos as part of their –

 

d. A and C answers

 

a. particularism

 

c.

supernaturalism

177)

Which of the following describes the “Pleistocene” or “Ice Age”?

b. personalism

d. euphemism

 

a. waters around what is now the Philippines fell about 156 ft. below its level

169)

The expression, “It is not what you know but whom

 

b. areas of land came to the surface and became

you know that counts,” reflects Filipinos’ values on –

“land bridges”

a. particularism

 

c. euphemism

 

c. the packs of glaciers which covered the earth

b. personalism

d. familism

melted as sunlight entered the atmosphere

 

d. all of these

170)

Pedro studied hard and passed the Teacher’s

 

Board Examination. Yet when asked on his “secret” for passing the said exam, he simply/humbly answered

178)

As cited by researchers which gave such names as “Peking Man,” “Java Man,” “Australopithecus.” There is

“Swerte lang, kaloy-an sa Ginoo.” This reflects the

great possible that the first man must have come from –

value of –

a. Europe

c. Asia

a.

personalism

 

c. supernaturalism

 

b. Africa

d. America

b.

particularism

d.

utang na loob

171)

Man

is

part

of

the

government,

church,

179)

The fossils believed to be those of the first Filipinos were found by Robert Fox in –

organizations or association; educating or training him

a. Hinagdanan Cave, Bohol

Page 10 of 104

b. Tabon Cave, Palawan

 

c. Tabon-tabon Cave, Mindoro

188) Applied to the general classroom situation, the

d. Masao Cave, Agusan del Norte

Field Theory implies the need for emphasis on looking

180)

Which group of traders introduced Islam in the Philippines?

at the total situation at the beginning. Which of the examples below best explains the theory?

a. Chinese

c. Malaysian

 

a. the teacher introduces the study of Chemistry by examples in a detailed analysis of a given

b. Arabs

d. Indonesian

element

181)

Which of the following is not a result of learning?

b. in primary reading, the teacher tells briefly the story is all about, describing the characters and

a. getting drunk

c.

driving car

relates the story to the pupils’ experience

b. saying bad words

d. showing how to swim

 

c. the psychology teacher discusses first the importance of psychology in daily living

182)

Which of the following is least effective in moral instruction?

d. B & C

a. having children memorize the laws/rules

189)

Bruner’s Theory of Learning points out that if a

b. calling attention of children on the positive consequences of their behavior

learner is to use information effectively, it must be translated into his terms. This means that:

c. praising children for displaying positive behavior

a. the teacher must strive to see a problem as the learner sees it

d. discussing real-life moral situation and evaluating their consequences.

b. the teacher must translate the meaning of terms into the vernacular

 

c. the teacher must provide more information

183)

The relation between heredity and environment is an interaction. What does this mean?

 

d. the teacher must allow the child to look at the meaning of words in the dictionary

a. there are special abilities are dependent on the environment

190)

The way a child talks, walks, or uses gestures may

b. parents determine the behavior of their children

have been learned from a model he had been exposed to. This is according to the theory of:

c. the importance of environment is dependent

a. connectionism

upon heredity

b. operant conditioning

d. maturation is the process of bringing the

c. classical conditioning

various parts of an organism to full development

d. social learning

 

191)

Thorndike’ Law of Readiness claims that the:

184)

After the sounding of the bell is paired off a number of times with the presentation of meal powder, the bell alone is observed to elicit salivation response known as the:

a. teacher must either wait for readiness or accept the present level of readiness and be satisfied with a lower learning rate in introducing any new learning experience

a. unconditional response

 

b. teacher must wait for the readiness of her

b. conditioned stimulus

students

c. conditional response

c. teacher must accept the present level of

d. unconditioned stimulus

readiness and be satisfied with the lower learning rate in introducing any new learning

185)

To Thorndike, learning is:

experience

a. always involve trial-and-error

 

d. teacher must understand he students’ level of

b. sometimes involves trial-and-error

readiness

c. never involves trial-and-error

 

d. none of these

192)

Which of the following statement below is false about punishment?

186)

All of the following are examples of psychological barriers in learning except:

a. it may produce undesirable emotional side effects

a. teacher personality

b. it may actually increase the strength of an

b. absence of skill motive in a learning situation

 

undesirable behavior

c. emotional blocking

c. in order to effective, it must often be in severe

d. poor teaching techniques

 

form

187)

Which of the following poorly explains stimulus- response bond?

 

d. punished behavior may continue to occur especially when the punisher is not present

a. a situation which influences or affects the learner

193)

The best way to shape the behavior of students is

by:

b. a response in which the learner makes the situation

c. a connection between the problem and solution

a. exposing pupils to desirable models

b. telling them the “do’s” of behavior

c. reinforcing every desirable behavior

d. telling them to imitate the teacher

Page 11 of 104

194)

All of the following statements are principles that facilitate classroom learning except:

201)

Which of the following is false about the Cognitive Field Theory?

a. the learner must clearly perceive his goal

 

a. sees learning as a stimulus-response

b. the learner must practice role learning

interaction

c. learner must be psychologically and physiologically ready

 

b. focuses on the cognitive structure of man as basis for learning

d. the learner must be motivated to learn

 

c. centers on the life space as source of learning

 

d. does not emphasize reinforcement

195)

In the classroom, teachers are said to reinforce the kind of behavior they want to see through praise,

202)

Bruner’s Theory on learning states that intrinsic

smiles, marks, reward and the like. exemplifies:

This situations

motivation is better than extrinsic motivation. Which of the following statement below is the best example of

a. operant conditioning

 

intrinsic motivation?

b. classical conditioning

a. a student has a desire to learn a subject

c. Lewin’s topological theory

because it is worth knowing

d. Cognitive field theory

b. a student learns because of the use of reward and punishment

196)

Which of the statements below best illustrates the

 

c. a student wants to learn because his goal is to

role of teacher as facilitator o student learning?

 

graduate with honors

a.

directing the action of the student

d. a student learns because he wants to prove

b.

calling for the proper application of a teaching

 

that he is intelligent

 

method to make learning experiences meaningful

203)

All of the following are principles that facilitate

 

c.

intervening with student’s choices and actions

classroom learning except:

d.

understanding how students learn

 

a. the learner must clearly perceive the goal

 

b. the learner must practice role playing

197)

A

teacher

who

is

unable

to

overcome

role

c. the learner must be psychologically and

confusion or to postpone choices leading to identity

 

physiologically ready

formation but attempts to resolve conflict manifests.

 

d. the learner must be motivated to learn

a. negative identity

 

b. psychological androgyny

 

204)

Jane has been punished and this has adopted her

shouting at and showing aggressive behavior toward

c. psychological moratorium

 

aggressive behavior towards her younger brother.

d. identity crises

 

However, lately, she has been seen her mother

198)

Teachers in Health, Biology, Psychology and Home

 

her father. Because of this, she has started to manifest

Economics may best help students accept or improve their appearance by:

aggressive behavior toward her younger brother. This situation is an example of:

a. explaining that acne, for example is usually

b. citing examples of people with pleasant

a. inhibitory effect

c. disinhibitory effect

due to physiological changes accompanying

b. negative effect

d. modelling effect

puberty and such changes are temporary

205)

Learners who have past histories of failures and

appearance

frustrations are generally observed to manifest:

c. giving them books on how to accept self and

a. low achievement motivation

appearance

b. high achievement performance

d. accepting them as they are and explaining that

c. a fear to study

psychological changes are temporary.

d. fear of school

199)

All of the following statements apply to Piaget’s pre-

a. children are capable of using symbols to stand

206)

A group of accelerated Grade V pupils is expected

operational; stage of cognitive development except:

for objects

to learn more learning task in Science than does a group of regular Grade V pupils. A teacher who works on a sound principle of motivation is likely to present:

b. children use a language that is egocentric

 

a. the overview of all learning tasks to arouse

c. children are capable of decantation

interest for the entire lesson.

d. children are capable of solving conservation problems

 

b. the lesson from the simplest to them are complex

200)

By repeatedly pairing an unconditioned stimulus an

c. the lessons from most difficult to simplest to challenge the group

unconditioned response, a conditioned stimulus

d. the lesson at random to generate creativity

eventually elicits a conditioned response. This is according to the:

207)

Teacher should avoid labeling pupils negatively as

a. Classical Conditioning Theory

 

they may live up to these images. This tendency to

b. Operant Conditioning Theory

c. Reinforcement Theory

manifest negative labels into actual behaviors is a concept of attitude formation called:

d. Learning Theory

a. reflected self-appraisal

c. self-concept

b. self-fulfilling prophecy

d. self-realization

Page 12 of 104

208) A conscientious teacher can best help her students demonstrate learned helplessness by:

218) As defined by the American College Dictionary, it is defined as the things of social life, such as ideals,

a. Making them aware of their strength and weaknesses for learning

b. providing them activities that will enable them

customs, institutions, etc. toward which the people of the group have affective regard and which are considered desirable is known as …

to experience success

a. culture

c. geography

c. encouraging them to join rewarding activities

b. values

d. arts

 

d. creating activities for them that will make them feel important

219) The stimulus-response theory believes every

209)

A social unit of persons united by kinship, marriage,

stimulus creates a response where activities can be measured objectively. This is known as …

or adoption, with a common habitat and interacting

 

a. Structuralism

c. behaviorism

 

according to well-defined roles to maintain and protect its members and perpetuates the society.

b. gestalt psychology

d. functionalism

a. family

 

c. barangay

220)

It is a stirred up state or disorganized behavior

b. government

d. society

caused by a situation which the individual cannot cope with is known as …

210)

The commission of criminal or anti-social acts by

 

a. emotion

 

c. delusions

 

the youth.

b. motivation

d. hysteria

a. prostitution

c. juvenile delinquency

 

b. gambling

d. drug addiction

221)

This refers to the arousal and maintenance of interest.

211)

It is the study of man as a product of evolution, his

 

a. emotion

 

c. delusions

 

physical structure is known as …

b. motivation

d. hysteria

a.

Sociology

c. cultural anthropology

 

b.

physical anthropology

d. archeology

222)

It is system or schools of psychology that claims that experience or mental states are made of

212)

The

sum

total

of

knowledge,

skills, beliefs,

sensations, images or ideas and feelings.

products, etc. shared by people and passed from one

 

a. Structuralism

c. behaviorism

 

generation to another.

b. gestalt psychology

d. functionalism

a. Sociology

c. culture

b. Anthropology

d. archeology

223)

It is another system or schools of psychology that mental processes are functions or operations of the

213)

This refers to the ability to communicate with others. Thoughts and feelings are symbolized so as to

organism in its adaptation to and modification of is environment.

convey meaning in different forms of communication is

 

a.

Structuralism c. behaviorism

 

known as …

b.

gestalt psychology d. functionalism

a. speech

 

c. message

b. communication

d. language

224)

The

conception

of experience at any given

 

moment is determined by the totality of its related

214)

It is a form of language in which articulate sounds

 

phases, which constitute an integrated pattern or

or words used to convey meanings is known as

configuration. This school of psychology is known as

a. speech

 

c. message

a. Structuralism c. behaviorism

 

b. communication

d. language

b. gestalt psychology d. functionalism

215)

The sacred book of the Judaism.

 

225)

“Emotion is the primitive matrix from which all later

a. Bible

 

mental powers are developed.” This theory is known as

b. Quran

c. Torah She Bi-Khetab &Tora She-Be al Peh

 

a.

Canon-Dana Theory

 

d. None of the above

 

b.

James-Lange Theory

 
 

c.

Evolutionary Theory

 

216)

It is the totality of human activities involving

creativity, ingenuity, judgment, and skills aimed at the

 

d.

Emergency or conflict theory

 

accomplishment of a given aesthetic end or a thing of

226)

The

following

are

methods

of

eradicating

beauty is known as….

 

undesirable emotional behavior except one:

a. culture

 

c. language

a. disuse

 

b. arts

d. humanities

b. frequent application of the stimulus

 
 

c. ridicule of scorn

 

217)

As defined by the American College Dictionary, It is

 

d. sublimation

 

the study of a real differentiation of the earth surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world elements is known as

227)

It is the sum total of the traits and characteristics

and patterns of adjustment of an individual that sets him

a. map

 

c. culture

apart or makes him different from other individuals.

b. arts

d. geography

a. Personality

 

c. values

 

b. Culture

d. all of the above

Page 13 of 104

228) It is the process of overcoming difficulties that hinder the attainment of a goal by using knowledge and

a. aesthetic leaning

238)

It is the process by which an organism inherits the characteristic traits of the parents.

skills gained from associative leaning, reflective,

a.

heredity

c. development

analytical and constructive thinking are very much

b.

maturation

d. fertilization

needed. This type of learning is known as …

239)

It is the stage of development, which is considered

b. problem-solving learning

as the transition period form childhood to adulthood.

c. affective learning