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THE VIKING CRITICAL LIBRARY

T H E V I K I N G CRITICAL UBRARY Malcolm Cowley, General Editor


Winesburg, Ohio by SherwcKxl Anderson Edited by John H . Ferres Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Edited by Gerald Weales A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce Edited by Chester G . Anderson Sons and Lovers by D . H . Lawrence Edited by Julian Moynahan Dubliners by James Joyce Edited by Robert Scholes and A. Walton Litz On the Road byJackKerouac Edited and introduced by Scott Donaldson The Power and the Glory by Graham Greene Edited by R.W.B. Lewis and Peter J . Conn The Crucible by Arthur Miller Edited by Gerald Weales The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck Edited by Peter Lisca One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey Edited by John C. Pratt Herzog by Saul Bellow Edited by Irving Howe

JAMES JOYCE

T E X T , CRITICISM,

AND

NOTES

E D I T E D BY C H E S T E R G. A N D E R S O N
UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA

PENGUIN BOOKS

Penguin Bo(*s Ltd, Hannondsivorth, Middlesex, En)and Pengum Books, 6 2 ; Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10022, U S.A. Penguin Books Australia L t d , Ringwood, Victoria. Australia Penguin Books Canada Limited, 2801 John Street, Markham, Ontario, Canada L 2 R 1B4 PengmnBooks(N.Z.) Ltd. 182-190 Wairau Road, Auckland 10, New Zealand A Portrdil of the Artist as a Young Mm first published in the United States of America by B. W . H u e b s c h i 9 i 6 Tlie definitive text of A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, corrected from the Dublin holograph by Chester G . Anderson and reviewed by Richard Ellmann, first published in the United States of America by T h e Viking Press 1^64 T h e Viking Critical Library A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man first published in the United States of America by The Viking Press 1968 Reprinted 1968 (twice), 1969 (twice), 1970, 1971,1972,1973, 1974 (twice), 975.1976 Published in Penguin Books 1977 Reprinted 1978,1980 Copyright 1916 by B. W . Huebsch Copyright renewed 1944 by Nora }oseph Joyce Copyright T h e Estate of James Joyce, 1964 Copyright T h e Viking Press, Inc., 1968 All rights reserved
L I S K A K Y or CONGXESS CATAtOCING I N P O B L I C A T K I N DATA

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CONTENTS

Editor's Preface I A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man: The

Text
A N O T E ON T H E T E X T

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254

II

Related Texts by Joyce


E D I T O R I A L N O T E

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Joyce, James, 1882-1941. A pottiait of &K artist as a young man. (The Viking critical library) Reprint of the 1968 ed. published by Viking Press, New York. "[Based on] the definitive text, corrected from the Dublin holograph by Chester G . Anderson and edited by Richard EUmann, published in 1964." Bibliography: p. 563. 1. Anderson, Chester G . 11. Title. [PZ3.J853P30] [PR6019.09] 823'.9'i2 77-1609 ISBN 014015.5038

Printed in the United States of America by The Murray Printing Company, Westford, Massachusetts Set in Linotype Electra Except in the United States of America, this book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise drculated without the publisher's prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser

A Portrait of the Artist Epiphanies From Stephen Hero Emma Cleary I W i l l Not Submit The Convent Girls You Are Mad, Stephen Epiphanies The Trieste Notebook From Ulysses Let Me Be and Let Me Live The Only True Thing in Life? Nothung! From Finnegans Wake Shem the Penman The Haunted Inkbottle III A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Criticism Early Comment Ezra Pound, Letter to Joyce Edward Gamett, Reader's Report
V

257 267 273 274 277 283 284 286 290 299 300 303 305 310 310 312 Man: 3^5 317 317 319

Contentt Ezra Pound, James Joyce: At Last the N Appears Diego Angeh, Extracts from 11 Marzocco H. G. Wells, James Joyce The Egoist, Extracts from Press Notices The Egoist, James Joyce and His Critics: Some Classified Comments The Tradition and The New Novel Maurice Beebe, The Artist as Hero Irene Hendry Chayes, Joyce's Epiphanies Frank O'Connor, Joyce and Dissociated Metaphor William York Tindall, The Literary Symbol General Readings Richard Ellmann, The Growth of Imagination Harry Levin, The Artist Hugh Kenner, The Portrait in Perspective Kenneth Burke, Definitions Controversy: The Question of Esthetic Distance Editor's Introduction Wayne Booth, The Problem of Distance in A Portrait of the Artist Robert Scholes, Stephen Dedalus, Poet or Esthete? Explanatory Notes Chronology Topics for Discussion and Papers Selected Bibliography

The pages of James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man are, as Stephen Dedalus says of those in his second-hand copy of Horace, "human pages." They tell the story of the growth of a human soul from early childhood to young manhoodhis revolt against his "nice mother" and the mother Church; his attempts to distance through comic formulation his improvident father; his real and phantasmal movements of love toward immaculate virgins and prostitutes; his encounter with sin, injustice and cruelty and hypocrisy and a million other faces of the "reality of experience," as he goes forth from the Eden of his childhood. But i t is also the story of the growth of the artist trying to "see" his life as "that thing which i t is and no other thing"; trying to find the words, the individuating rhythms, the shapes of sentences, the mythy paradigms to give that flowing growth the "wholeness, harmony, and radiance" which writer and then reader rejoice to see and to understand. The growth of both man and artist is told in a new way. Joyce called the new way a presentation of the past as a "fluid succession of presents," a succession in which nothing is lost. There is no past in the book: only a continuous present with a 1