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# Unit Test Integrated Science for First Year Unit 8: Mechanics NAME: ___________________________________ YEAR AND SECTION: ________________________

SCORE: __________________________________ Direction: Read each statement carefully. Encircle the letter of your answer that best corresponds to the items below. 1. The change in velocity in a unit of time is referred to as __________. a. Speed c. Distance b. Acceleration d. Deceleration The objects resistance to change its motion is called ____________. a. Distance b. Friction c. Speed d. Inertia ____________ is the transfer of energy. a. Work b. Power c. Motion d. Force

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Which of the following statements about the law of conservation of energy is TRUE? a. The energy can change form. b. The energy when taken or given off by group objects is changing. c. Friction conserves energy. d. None of the above. The tennis player hits the ball with her racquet. Because she moves the ball through some distance as she hits it, she does work. The tennis player did work on the ball. This work gave the ball energy to move. This means that : I. The work is the transfer of energy. II. Energy and work are related. III. She gave energy to the ball a. I only b. I and II c. I and III d. I, II and III

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2. 3. 4.

10. The solar oven is used in cooking food. The suns energy cause chemical processes to happen in the food. When you eat the food, your body changes the chemical energy stored into the mechanical energy of your motion. From this statement, it can be inferred that _______.. a. b. Energy can change into other forms. Energy is constant c. Energy can be conserved. d. Energy is continuous.

The objects energy due to its motion is the ____________. a. Mechanical Energy c. Potential Energy b. Chemical Energy d. Kinetic Energy The unit of measurement for work and energy is the ____________. a. Watts b. Newton c. Meter d. Joule The following statements about Newtons Second Law of Motion are correct except for: a. For a given mass, acceleration is greater when the force acting on it is greater. b. For a given force, acceleration is less when the mass on which the force acts is greater. c. When force is applied to an object, the object accelerates in the direction of the applied force. d. The acceleration is greater when the mass of the object is greater. The formula for mechanical advantage of a lever is: M.A = . This

5. 6.

11. Work = Power x Time; this can be expressed in words through: a. Work is the sum of the amount of power and time. b. Work is the difference between power and time. c. Work is the ratio of power over time. d. Work is the product of power and time. 12. Average speed= a. b. c. d. Speed Speed Speed Speed is is is is ; this means that___________.

the distance traveled in a unit of time. the time consumed in travelling. equal to distance and time. the product of distance and time.

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means that: a. The mechanical advantage of a lever is the sum of the effort arm and the resistance arm. b. The mechanical advantage of a lever is the difference between effort arm and resistance arm. c. The mechanical advantage of a lever is the ratio of effort arm over the resistance arm. d. The mechanical advantage of a lever is the product of effort arm and the resistance arm.

13. Newtons First Law of Motion states that _______________. a. An object in motion at constant velocity along a straight line path will maintain that motion unless acted on by an outside force. b. When force is applied to an object, the object accelerates in the direction of the applied force. The acceleration is greater when the force is greater. c. For every action of force, there is an equal but opposite reaction force. d. The acceleration is greater when the mass of the object is greater. 14. Given the situation that a skater hiked up a hill. She gained energy because she did work against the force of energy. The skater stopped at the top of the hill. She was not moving but she had the energy gained form walking up the hill. This energy is the _____________.

a. b.

## c. Mechanical Energy d. chemical Energy

22. Find the average speed of a truck that travels 400 kilometers in eight hours. a. 60 km/h b. 50 km/hr c. 40 km/hr d. 45 km/hr 23. If the work done by Amy is 6000 joules by mowing the lawn for 60 minutes (3600 seconds), what is the amount of power she exerted? a. 1.7 joules/second c. 1.9 joules/second b. 1.8 joules/second d. 1.6 joules/second 24. If the work done by Nida in pushing a cart is 6000 joules and she did it for 45 minutes (2700 seconds), what is the amount of power she exerted? a. 1.2 joules/second c. 2.2 joules/second b. 2.3 joules/second d. 1.4 joules/second 25. If the work done by Mark for 30 minutes (1800 seconds) is equal to 5400 joules, what is the amount of power he exerted? a. 3 joules/second c. 4 joules/second b. 3.1 joules/second d. 4.1 joules/second 26. Rigor pushed a rock by doing a work of 8000 joules for 30 minutes (1800 seconds). How much is the power he exerted? a. 4. 6 joules/second c. 5 joules/second b. 5.2 joules/second d. 4.4 joules/second 27. Joyce used a vacuum cleaner to clean their sala. This vacuum cleaner supplies an average of 10 watts of power. She did cleaning for 10 minutes. How much work is done by the vacuum cleaner? a. b. 7000 watt-seconds 6000 watt-seconds b. Meter : c. 6500 watt-seconds d. 7200 watt-seconds c. Joule : Energy:_______ d. Liter Mechanical d. Radio waves Flow of Particles of matter:___________

15. The act of swimming in which the swimmer takes a stroke, pushing against the water; the water on the other hand, pushes back with equal force. With repeated strokes, the swimmer moves forward. This act is best explained by_________________. a. Newtons First Law of Motion b. Newtons Second Law of Motion c. Newtons Third Law of Motion d. Newtons Fourth Law of Motion 16. An object at rest will remain at rest and an object moving in a straight line will maintain its motion unless acted upon by an outside force. This is the Newtons First Law of Motion. Which of the following situations can this law be applied? a. Act of swimming b. Act of driving on a bicycle, working harder to maintain its speed. c. Act of driving a car maintaining its acceleration by applying a greater force. d. Act of falling objects. 17. In the absence of air resistance, all objects fall to Earth with __________ acceleration. a. Same b. Different c. Parallel d. Opposite 18. The moon is held in an almost circular orbit by gravitational force directed toward the center of the earth. This produces ________________. a. Electrical Force c. Centripetal Force b. Nuclear Force d. Mechanical Force 19. Friction is a force that opposes the movement of an object. Without friction, an object in motion along a horizontal surface would move at ________________ velocity. a. Continuous b. Constant c. Transitory d. Changing. Using the following formula, solve for the items below: Power= Average speed= Work= Power x Time

## 28. Force: Newton a. Watts

29. Radiant Energy: X-rays Energy:______________ a. Electricity b. Solar Oven 30. Moving Steam: Mechanical Energy a. b. Radiant energy Solar Energy

c. Boxers fist :

20. Find the average speed of an automobile that travels 150 kilometers in two hours. a. 76 km/h b. 74 km/hr c. 75 km/hr d. 73 km/hr 21. If a tricycle traveled for three hours and reached a distance of 48 kilometers, what was its average speed? a. 22 km/h b. 15 km/hr c. 21 km/hr d. 16 km/hr