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Physical education (often abbreviated Phys. Ed., P.E.

, or PE) or gymnastics (gym or gym class) is an educational course taken during primary and secondary education that encourages psychomotor [1] learning in a play or movement exploration setting to promotehealth.

14 essential aims and objectives of Physical Education


(i) To develop the organic systems of the body; It is recognized that our feelings, emotions, thoughts and achievements are influenced to a considerable extent by the physiological process of the body. The development of the organic vigor is dependent on a wide selection of activities and so conducted that the normal functions of the body are developed and improved. (ii) To develop euro-muscular co-ordination or skill; A good deal of physical activities helps the individuals and groups to develop certain skill, which gives satisfaction and happiness in a variety of ways during leisure times. Being physically illiterate many people do not know how to enjoy their leisure and become unhappy and maladjusted. Individual and group play activities enable people to give wholesome expression to their innate desires and interests, (iii) To develop right attitude towards and physical activities in general; Programme of physical education is based on sound psychological principles. It develops amongst the individuals wholesome attitudes towards play and physical activities and cultivates recreational and hobbies. (iv) To develop a desirable social attitudes and conduct; By giving emphasis on ethical values inherent in Playing games with and against others the desirable social attitudes and conduct can be developed through a programme of well organized physical activities. It gives opportunity for social contact, group living, and self adjustment with the group. (v) Development of psychomotor skills; (vi) Development of understanding and appreciation of the techniques and strategies of sports; (vii) Preparation for leisure time; (viii) Elimination of worries and anxieties through developing appropriate interests and habits of engaging in exercise and sports; (iv) Attainment of knowledge of proper health procedure as related to physical exercise. (x) To develop correct health habits; A rational programme of physical activities can stimulate the participant to develop favorable attitudes and habits in physical, mental, moral, social and emotional health. (xi) To serve as an out let for surplus energy, which if pent up, make the child tens, nervous and irritable.

(xii) To meet the challenge of growing indiscipline among the student community by instilling in the younger generation a sense of patriotism, self-reliance and discipline. (xiii) To give adequate scope for bringing out the aptitudes and talents of the child. (xiv) To promote the spirit of certain qualities like sports-man ship, team spirit, leadership, patience, self-restrain co-operation, sociability and those other qualities of character and citizenship.

Benefits of P.E. in School

Physical Education Benefits - Broad & Powerful!

Physical education prepares children to be physically and mentally active, fit and healthy...for life. Here are some of the many benefits children receive from a quality PE program:

Improved physical fitness Skill and motor skills development Provides regular, healthful physical activity Teaches self discipline Facilitates development of student responsibility for health and fitness. Influence moral development, leadership, cooperate with others Stress reduction an outlet for releasing tension and anxiety Strengthened peer relationships Physical education can improve self-confidence and self-esteem Experience in setting goals Improved academics

Physical fitness is a general concept defined in many ways by differing scientists. Here two major categories are considered: general fitness (a state of health and well-being), and specific fitness (a taskoriented definition based on the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations). Physical fitness is generally achieved through correctnutrition, exercise, hygiene and rest. Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being. In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind and body, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain (as in "good [1] health" or "healthy"). The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in its broader sense in 1946 as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or [2][3] infirmity." Although this definition has been subject to controversy, in particular as lacking operational value and because of the problem created by use of the word "complete," it remains the most [4][5] enduring. Other definitions have been proposed, among which a recent definition that correlates [6][7] health and personal satisfaction. Classification systems such as the WHO Family of International Classifications, including the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and theInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD), are commonly used to define and measure the components of health.

Wellness is generally used to mean a healthy balance of the mind, body and spirit that results in an overall feeling of well-being. It has been used in the context of alternative medicine since Halbert L. Dunn, M.D., began using the phrase high level wellness in the 1950s. The modern concept of wellness did not, however, become popular until the 1970s.

5 Health-Related Fitness Components

1.Muscular Strength: 2.Muscular Endurance:

The ability of muscles to lift a heavy weight or exert a lot of force one time. The ability to use muscles for a long period of time without tiring.

3.Cardiovascular Endurance: The ability of the heart, lungs, blood vessels, and blood to work efficiently and to supply the body with oxygen. 4.Body Composition: The combination of all of the tissues that make up the body such as bones muscle, organs and body fat. 5.Flexibility: The ability to use your joints fully through a wide range of motion.

6 Skill Related Fitness Components

1. Agility - The ability to change body positions quickly and keep the body under control when moving. 2. Balance - The ability to keep the body in a steady position while standing and moving. 3. Coordination - The ability of body parts to work together when you perform an activity. 4. Power - The ability to combine strength with speed while moving. 5. Reaction Time - The ability to move quickly once a signal to start moving is received. 6. Speed - The ability to move all or a part of the body quickly.