Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 25

Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?

qry=sp-edumain1

Last Updation on 4th May 2009; Updated Every Monday

-
ÂíœÄL ¦µ¼„ÃF ¬Á¢Â¹ªý
“’¹ÖXýÐ1 «Õø"¹ X¾K¹~ (ƒ¢{ª½Öyu)Â¹× Æª½|ÅŒ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-œŒ -«¿ Õ¢˜ä ®¾’¹¢ N•§ŒÕ¢ ²ÄCµ¢-*-ʘä.x “XÏL-NÕ-ÊK Ÿ¿¬Á©ð ©Â¹~-Êoª½ «Õ¢C©ð,
„çÕªá-¯þq©ð X¾C-„©ä «Õ¢C©ð «á¢Ÿ¿Õ EL*, ƒ¢{-ª½ÖyuÂ¹× ‡¢XϹ«-y-{¢ ¹%†ÏÂ,Ì ‚ÅŒt-N-¬Çy-²Ä-EÂÌ EŸ¿-ª½zÊ-„äÕ. ƒŸä ®¾Öp´JhE ¨
¯ç© 20 ÊÕ¢* „ç៿-©§äÕu ƒ¢{ª½Öyu©ð Â¹ØœÄ ÂíÊ-²ÄTæ®h “X¾A-³Äe-ÅŒt-¹-„çÕÊi -…-Ÿîu’¹-¢ ÅŒŸ±¿u¢!
®¾¢«-ÅŒq-ªÃ© ÅŒª-¦½ œË “XÏX-ê¾ ª-†¯¾ þ X¶L¾ -ÅÃEo Eª½-ªg á¢Íä Æ¢A«Õ X¶¾Õ{d„äÕ ƒ¢{ª½Öyu. 75 «Öª½Õˆ© ƒ¢{-ª½ÖyuÂ¹× ƒ¢Âà 15 ªîV©ä ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢
…¢C. ¨ «u«-C©µ ð \§äÕ Æ¢¬Ç©Õ “XÏæX-ª-„½ ÃyL, ¬ÇK-ªÂ½ ¹ «ÖÊ-®ÂÏ ¹ ®¾Êo-ŸÅ¿ĺ Œ ‡©Ç …¢œÄL, Æ¢A-«Õ¢’à ªÃ†¾²Z- Änªá …Êo-Åî-Ÿîu-’ÃEo ¤ñ¢Ÿ¿{¢
‡©Ç?... X¾J-Q-LŸÄl¢.
“’¹ÖXýq ƒ¢{-ª½ÖyuÂ¹× Šê ŠÂ¹ˆ “X¾«Öº¢Ð Ʀµ¼uJn “X¾¦µ¼ÕÅŒy …Ÿîu-’Ã-EÂË ®¾J-¤ò-ÅÃœÄ ©äŸÄ ÆE X¾J-Q-L¢-Í-œŒ „¿ äÕ. '®¾J-¤ò-ÅÃœ¿ÕÑ Æ¯ä N†¾-§ŒÖEo

1 of 6 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain1

Eª½-Jn ¢-Íä¢-Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× “X¾¦µ¼ÕÅŒy …Ÿîu-’¹Õ-©Â¹× …¢œÄ-LqÊ ©Â¹~-ºÇ-©ÊÕ “¤Ä«Ö-º-ÂË ¹¢’à B®¾Õ-¹ׯä Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ …¢C.
’¹«Õ-E¢Íä «áÈu ©Â¹~-ºÇ©Õ...
1. £¾Ý¢ŸÄ’à Ÿ¿Õ®¾Õh©Õ: £¾Ý¢ŸÄ’à …¢œä©Ç, ®¾«Ö-èÇ-EÂË ‚Ÿ¿-ª½z-F-§ŒÕ¢’à …¢œä©Ç ª½ÖX¾¢, Ÿ¿Õ®¾Õh© Æ©¢-¹-ªº½ …¢ŸÄ? (¦ðª½Õf ®¾¦µ¼Õu©ðx
®¾Ÿ-G¿ -“µ ¤Ä-§ŒÖEo „çá{d-„çá-Ÿ{¿ ¹Lp¢Íä Æ¢¬Á-NÕC). Æ¢Ÿ¿Õê Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ©n Õ ÅÃ«á ƒ¢{ª½Öyu ªîVÊ ŸµJ¿ ¢Íä Ÿ¿Õ®¾Õh© ª½¢’¹Õ©Õ, ÆN ¬ÁK-ªÃ-EÂË
ʤÄp§ŒÖ ƯäC èÇ“’¹-ÅŒh’à ֮͌¾Õ-Âî-„ÃL. Pªî-èÇ© Æ«Õ-J¹, „䮾Õ-¹ׯä ÍçX¾Ûp©Õ, ¦Ö{Õx, *«-JÂË èä¦Õ©ð åX˜äd ¹©¢... ƒ«Fo Â¹ØœÄ X¾ªî-¹~¢’Ã
¦ðª½Õf ®¾¦µ¼Õu©ðx ÅíL ÆGµ-“¤Ä-§ŒÖEo \ª½p-ª½Õ-²Ähªá.
2. N†¾§ŒÕ Æ«-’Ã-£¾ÇÊ: „çáÊošË “’¹ÖXýÐ2 ƒ¢{-ª½Öy© ÊÕ¢* Ʀµ¼uJn Æ«-’Ã-£Ç¾ Ê ¬ÁÂËh-åXjÊ ¦ðª½Õf Ÿ¿%†Ïd ‡Â¹×ˆ-«’à åXšËd¢C. N†¾§ŒÕ¢ \Ÿç¯j Ã
ÂÃE-«y¢œËРƦµ¼uJn ŸÄEo ‡©Ç “’¹£ÏÇ¢-ÍÃ-œ¯¿ ä Æ¢¬Ç-EÂË ÆCµÂ¹ “¤ÄŸµÄÊu¢ ƒ*a Eª½-§
g ŒÖ-EÂË «®¾Õh-Êo{Õx Åç©Õ-²òh¢C.
*Â̩¹ Ÿ¿¬Á©ð ¡©¢Â¹ ‡©ü-š-šÌ -¨ Ì åXj ŸÄœ¿ÕLo ‡¢Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ÅŒT_¢-*¢C?
*¤ÄÂË-²Än¯þ ÅÃL-¦-¯þ© åXjÊ £¾Çª¸Ã-ÅŒÕh’à ‡¢Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ŸÄœË •JXÏ¢C?
*‚¢“Ÿµ-“¿ X¾-Ÿ-¬ä ü©ð ‹šË¢’û ¬ÇÅŒ¢ åXª½-’¹-šÇ-EÂË Â꽺¢ \NÕšË?
*Eª½-®Ê ¾ Åç©-X-š¾ Ç-EÂË ¦Ö{Õx/-Í-Xç ¾Ûp©Õ ‡¢Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× N®Ïꪮ¾Õh¯Ãoª½Õ?
*å®jy¯þ X¶¾Üx E§ŒÕ¢-“ÅŒ-ºÂ¹× ¦µÇª½Åý ®ÏŸ¿ĺ¢’à …¢Ÿ¿E ‡©Ç ÍçX¾p-’¹-©«Û?
*Ê’¹Ÿ¿Õ ¦CM X¾ŸÂ±¿ ¹¢ “X¾•-©ÊÕ ²ò«Õ-ª½Õ-©Õ’à Ō§ŒÖ-ªÕ½ -Í-® ä ¾Õh¢ŸÄ? ®¾«Ö• X¾Û¯Ã-Ÿ¿Õ-©ÊÕ ¦©¢’à N®¾h-J-®¾Õh¢ŸÄ?
*“X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ¢ …¹׈-«Õ-E-†’Ï Ã «Jg¢-Í-¦ Œ œä ÆŸÄyF '…¹׈-«Õ-E†Ï X¾˜©ä üÑ Â¹%†ÏÍ®ä ÊÏ ®¾„çÕÂi ¹u ¦µÇª½-ÅÃ-«-EÂË H{©Õ (breaks) „䮾Õh-¯ÃoªÃ?
*¦µÇª½ÅŒ ‡Eo-¹©Õ ªÃ•-F-A-¬Ç-®¾Y¢-©ð¯ä ÂíÅŒh ¦µÇ«-èÇ-©Ç-EÂË ¯Ã¢C X¾L-ÂÃ-§ŒÕE Æ¢{Õ-¯Ãoª½Õ. ‡¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹©Ç?
*¦µÇª½ÅŒ “X¾•©Õ ƒ¢Âà ªÃ•-Â-§ Ì ŒÕ¢’à X¾J-X-¾ ¹y-ÅÊŒ Õ ‡¢Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ¤ñ¢Ÿ¿-©Ÿä ¿Õ? ¦µÇ„î-Ÿäy-’éÕ, ¹ש, «ÕÅŒ, “¤Ä¢ÅŒ, ¤ÄKd ¦ÇE-®Å¾ Œy¢Åî „äæ® ‹{x
“X¾“Â˧ŒÕ ÊÕ¢* ‡¢Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ¦§ŒÕ-{Â¹× ªÃ©äŸ¿Õ?
*«ÖEåX¶²òd ‚œËšü Æ«-®-ª¾ « ½ Ö?
ƒ©Ç¢šË “X¾¬Áo©Õ ‡Ÿ¿Õ-ª§ ½ äÕu Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ …¢C ÂæšËd ‚¢“Ÿµ-“¿ X¾-Ÿ¬ä ü ÊÕ¢* ƢŌ-ªÃbB- §ŒÕ¢ «ª½Â¹Ø NNŸµ¿ Æ¢¬Ç-©åXj Æ«-’Ã-£¾Ç-ÊÊÕ åX¢ÍŒÕ-Âî-«{¢
ÆÅŒu-«-®ª¾ ½¢.
3. ŠAhœ:Ë “X¾¦µ¼ÕÅŒy …Ÿîu-’¹Õ©Õ Ưä¹ ª½Âé ŠAh-@Á}Â¹× ©ðÊ-«{¢ „ÃJ «%Ah-KÅÃu ÅŒX¾p-E-®J¾ . Ʀµ¼uJn ‚ ŠAh-œEË •ªá¢-Í-’Œ ¹-©œÄ? ©äŸÄ ÆE
¦ðª½Õf X¾J-Q-L¢Íä Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ …¢C. NNŸµ¿ Eª½-§ g ŒÖ©Õ B®¾ÕÂ- íE, Âê½u-“¹-«Ö-©ÊÕ Æ«Õ©Õ Íäæ® ®¾¢Ÿ¿-ª½s´¢©ð ªÃ•-§
Ì ŒÕ ¯Ã§ŒÕ-¹שÕ, „Ãu¤Äª½ «ªÃ_©Õ,
“X¾•©Õ ª½Â¹-ª-½ é ŠAh@ÁÙ} Íä²Ähª½Õ. „ÚËE ‡Ÿ¿Õ-ªíˆ¢-šÇªÃ? ©ä¹ ‹œË-¤ò-Åêà ÆE X¾J-QL¢Í䢟¿ÕÂ¹× ¦ðª½Õf ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ Ʀµ¼uª½Õ©n åXj ŠAhœË åX¢Íä

2 of 6 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain1

Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ …¢C. ¦ðª½Õ©f ð …Êo ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ Šê N†¾§ŒÕ¢ OÕŸ¿ ª½Â¹-ª-½ é ÂîºÇ©ðx „çÊÕ-„ç¢-{¯ä ÆœËê’ Æ«-ÂÃ-¬Á-«á¢C. ŠAh-œEË åX¢Íä¢-Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ¦ðª½Õf
¨ NŸµ¿¢’à “X¾§ŒÕ-Ao¢-Í-«Œ ÍŒÕa.
* OÕ •„Ã¦Õ ®¾¢ÅŒ%-XÏh-¹-ª½¢’à ©äŸ¿Õ (EèÇ-EÂË „ê½Õ ®¾¢ÅŒ%XÏh Íç¢C-«Û¢-œ-« ¿ ÍŒÕa).
* ’¹š’Ëd à ÍçX¾p¢œË (¦ðª½Õf ®¾¦µ¼Õuœ¿Õ ¹JÊ
¸ „çÕÊi ’í¢ÅŒÕÅî, „ç᣾Ǣ ®ÔJ-§ÕŒ -®ý’à åXšËd ÆÊ-«ÍŒÕa)
* ŠÂ¹ ®¾¦µ¼ÕuE “X¾¬ÁoÂ¹× ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄÊ¢ X¾Üª½h-«y-¹-«á¢Ÿä «Õªî ®¾¦µ¼Õuœ¿Õ “X¾Po¢-Í-« Œ ÍŒÕa.
* 'OÕª½Õ ÍçXÏp¢C ¦Ç’î ©äŸ¿Õ. OÕ «Ö“ÅŒ¢ Â¹ØœÄ ÅçL-§ÕŒ ŸÄ?Ñ Æ¯íÍŒÕa.
* '\¢šË, ÂÃXÔ ÂíšËd ªÃÅŒ X¾K¹~ ¤Ä®¾-§Ö Œ uªÃ?Ñ ÆE Â¹ØœÄ Æœ¿-’¹-«ÍŒÕa.
«ÕÊ ªÃ†¾Z “X¾ŸµÄÊ ‡Eo¹© ÆCµ-ÂÃJ Ưä¹ ŠAh@ÁÙ} ‡Ÿ¿Õ-ªíˆ¢{Ö Â¹ØœÄ ‡©Ç «u«-£Ç¾ -J¢-ÍÃªî ’¹«Õ-Eæ®h ÍéÕ, OÕ ¤Ä“ÅŒ \NÕšð OÕÂ¹× Æª½-„n çÕ-¤i ò-
ŌբC.
4. ®¾£¾ÇÊ¢: “X¾ÂìÁ¢ >©Çx©ð ŠÂ¹ ®ÔE-§ÕŒ ªý ÆCµ-ÂÃ-JE ŠÂ¹ ªÃ•-§ -Ì ŒÕ-¯Ã-§ŒÕ-¹ל¿Õ X¾ª½Õ†¾ X¾ŸÄ-©Åî E¢C¢-ÍÃ-ªE½ OÕœË-§ŒÖ©ð «*a¢C. ÂÃF ‚
ÆCµ-ÂÃJ ŠÂ¹ˆ «Ö{ Â¹ØœÄ X¾ª½Õ-†¾¢’à «ÖšÇx-œ-©¿ Ÿä ¿Õ. ¹*a-ÅŒ¢’à ƒŸä ©Â¹~º¢ …Ÿîu-’¹Õ©ðx …¢œÄL. ƒ©Ç¢šË ’¹Õº¢ Ʀµ¼u-J©n ð …¢ŸÄ ©äŸÄ ÆE
¦ðª½Õf X¾J-Q-L¢-Í{Œ ¢ ®¾æ£Ç-Ōչ¢.
¦ðª½Õ©f ð ÂíEo ÂíEo ®¾¢Ÿ¿-ªÃs´©ðx ¦µÇ„î-Ÿäy-’Ã©Â¹× ’¹Õª½§äÕu “X¾«Ö-Ÿ-«¿ á¢C. ÂÃF Ʀµ¼uJn „ÚËE ¦§ŒÕ-{-Xœ-¾ -F¿ -§ŒÕ-¹עœÄ E§ŒÕ¢-“A¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-„ÃL. ‡¢ÅŒ
¦ÇŸµ¿ ¹L-T¢Íä N†¾-§ŒÕ-„çÕ¯i Ã, ÂîX¾¢ ÅçÍäa N†¾-§ŒÕ-„çÕ¯i à Ʀµ¼uJn ÅŒÊ £¾ÇŸ¿Õ©l ðx ÅÃÊÕ¢-œÄL.
*¦ðª½Õf ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ ’í¢ÅŒÕ ²Änªá åX¢*¯Ã, Ʀµ¼uJn ®¾yª½¢ «Ö“ÅŒ¢ Šê ²Änªá©ð …¢œÄL. «Ö{©ðx «Õ%Ÿ¿ÕÅŒy¢ Âî©ðp-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ.
*¦ðª½Õf ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ E¢C¢-*¯Ã (ŠAhœË ¹©-’¹-è-§
ä ŒÕ{¢ Â„äÕ) ¦µÇ„î-Ÿäy-’Ã-©Â¹× ©ðÊ-«y-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ. ’¹ÅŒ¢©ð ‹ Ʀµ¼u-JEn ŠAh-œÂË Ë ÅŒ{Õd-Âî-©Âä ¹ ¹@Á}-F@ÁÙ}
åX{Õd¹ׯÃoª½E ÍçX¾Û-Åê½Õ.
*OÕÂ¹× «uA-êª-¹¢’à «ÖšÇx-œÊ Ë «Ö{-©ÊÕ ®¾ÕEo-ÅŒ¢’à Aª½-®¾ˆ-J¢-ÍÃL.
5. EèÇ-ªáB: “X¾¦µ¼ÕÅŒy …ŸîuT EèÇ-ªá-B’à …¢˜ä¯ä «u«®¾n ͌¹ˆ-¦-œ¿ÕÅ- ŒÕ¢C. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-©ðÊÖ “’¹ÖXýÐ1 ²Änªá …Ÿîu-’¹Õ©Õ EèÇ-ªá-B’à …¢˜ä NÕ’¹ÅÃ
…Ÿîu-’¹Õ©Õ EèÇ-ªá-B’à …¢œä Æ«-ÂÃ-¬Ç©Õ ’¹º-F-§ŒÕ¢’à åXª½Õ-’¹Õ-Åêá. Ʀµ¼uJn EèÇ-§ŒÕ-BE ¦ðª½Õf ‡©Ç X¾J-Q-L-®¾Õh¢Ÿî ’¹«Õ-EŸÄl¢.
* Ʀµ¼uJn ÅŒÊ ÅŒX¾Ûp ÅÃÊÕ Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-ÂíE, ®¾J-C-Ÿ¿Õ-Âl ¹×¯ä ‚©ð-Í-Ê
Œ ©ð …¯ÃoœÄ ©äŸÄ?
* ÅÃÊÕ X¾šÊ Ëd ¹עŸä-šÂË Ë «âœä ÂÃ@ÁÙ} ÆE ¦ÕÂÃ-ªá-®¾Õh-¯ÃoœÄ?
* åXjåXj Ê{-ÊÅî «ÖšÇx-œ¿Õ-ÅŒÕ-¯ÃoœÄ? ©ä¹ «u¹h¢ Í䮾ÕhÊo ¦µÇ„Ã©Õ £¾Ç%Ÿ¿¢-Å-ªŒ Ã-@Ç© ÊÕ¢* «®¾Õh-¯Ão§ŒÖ?

3 of 6 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain1

6. ¦©-£ÔÇ-Ê-Å©Œ Õ: ¦©-£ÔÇ-Ê-Å©Œ Õ ©äE «uÂËh ‡«ª½Ö …¢œ¿ª½Õ. «Õ£¾É-ÅÃt-’âDµ å®jÅŒ¢ ÅŒÊ ¦©-£ÔÇ-Ê-Å-©Œ ÊÕ Åïä ÍçX¾Ûp-¹×-¯Ãoª½Õ. Âù-¤òÅä “’¹ÖXýÐ1
²Änªá ©Ç¢šË …Ÿîu-’Ã-©Â¹× ‡¢XÏ-¹§äÕu„ÃJ©ð ÅŒÊ ¦©-£ÇÔ -Ê-Å-©Œ ÊÕ ÅÃ¯ä ¦§ŒÕ-{-åX-{Õd-¹ׯä '¦©-£ÔÇ-ÊÅŒÑ …¢œ¿Â- ¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ. ‡¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹¢˜ä „ÚËÅî ƒÅŒ-ª½Õ©Õ
©Gĺ ¤ñ¢Ÿä “X¾«Ö-Ÿ-«¿ á¢C.
*'“X¾¦µ¼ÕÅŒy …Ÿîu-’Ã-EÂË °ÅŒ¢ ÍŒÖ®Ï ªÃ«{¢ ©äŸ¿Õ. ©¢ÍÃ©Õ Â¹ØœÄ Âí¢ÅŒ-«-ªÂ½ ¹Ø ÊÊÕo “X¾¦µÇ-NÅŒ¢ Íä¬ÇªáÑ
*'¯Ã ¹שÇEo ¦Ç’à ƺË-*„ä¬Çª½Õ. ŸÄEo …Ÿ¿-Jĺ ¢-Íé¯ä ‚¬Á-§ŒÕ¢Åî ÆCµ-ÂÃJE ÂÄÃ-©E ÆÊÕ-¹ע-{Õ-¯ÃoÊÕÑ
*'«Ö ƒ¢šË X¾Â¹ˆÊ ‚ªý-š‹ Ì …¢œä-„ê½Õ. ‚§ŒÕ-ÊÂ¹× Ÿ¿Â¹×ˆ-ÅŒÕÊo ’õª½«¢, «Íäa-¤ò§äÕ ÆCµ-ÂÃ-ª½Õ©Õ... ƒ«Fo ÊÊÕo “æXêª-XÏ¢-ÍêáÑ.
*'¯ÃÂ¹× ¦¢Ÿµ¿Õ “XÔA Âí¢Íç¢ ‡Â¹×ˆ„äÑ
ƒ©Ç¢šË „ÃuÈu©Õ ¦©-£ÔÇ-Ê-Å-©Œ ÊÕ ¦§ŒÕ-{-åX-˜„äd .ä ƒšÌ-«© •J-TÊ ŠÂ¹ ƒ¢{-ª½Öyu©ð ¦ðª½Õf ®¾¦µ¼Õuœ¿Õ 'E•¢ ÍçXp¾ ¢œË. ¨ …Ÿîu’¹¢ ¤ñ¢Ÿ¿{¢
ŸÄyªÃ OÕ Â¹×©¢©ð ¦Ç’à «ª½-¹{o¢ «®¾Õh¢C ¹ŸÄ? Æ¢Ÿ¿Õê ¨ …Ÿîu’¹¢ ªÃ’ïä åXR} OÕª½Õ Í䮾Õ-¹ע-šÇª½Õ ¹ŸÖ¿ ?Ñ ÆE “X¾Po¢-Íê½Õ.
«ª½-¹{o¢ åXª½Õ-’¹Õ-Ōբ-Ÿ-¯¿ Cä ®¾£¾Ç• N†¾§ŒÕ¢. ®¾«Ö• ©Â¹~º¢. DEo È¢œË¢-ÍÃ-LqÊ/ Aª½-®¾ˆ-J¢-ÍÃ-LqÊ Æ«-®ª¾ ½¢ ©äŸ¿Õ. '»ÊÕ ®¾ªý, åXJê’
Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ …¢CÑ ÆE ÍçX¾p-{¢©ð ÅŒX¾Ûp-©Ÿä ¿Õ. Ʀµ¼u-JÂn Ë Â¹{o¢ B®¾Õ-Âî-„Ã-©¯ä ‚©ð-ÍÊŒ …¯Ão Æ©Ç¢-šCË «u¹h¢ Í䧌Õ-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ. '¯ÃÂ¹× Æ¢Ÿ¿-„çÕÊi
Æ«Ötªá ÂÄÃ-©Ñ¯î, '®¾¢“X¾-ŸÄ§ŒÕ ¦Ÿ¿-„ĺ çÕÊi Æ«Ötªá ÂÄÃ-©Ñ¯î ÍçX¾p-«-Íäa„çÖ ‚©ð-*¢-ÍŒ¢œË.
7. 殫.. 殫: “X¾¦µ¼Õ-Åîy-Ÿîu-T©ð ʪ½-Ê-ªÃ¯Ã °Jg¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-„Ã-LqÊ Æ¢¬Á-NÕC. \ ¹~º¢©ð Â¹ØœÄ æ®„Ã ¦µÇ«ÊÊÕ OÕ £¾Ç%Ÿ¿§ŒÕ¢ ÊÕ¢* ¤òE-«y-¹¢œË.
¨ ƒ¢{ª½Öyu “XÏX-ê¾ ª-†¯¾ þ ÆEo ªîV©Ö '¯äÊÕ ÆCµ-ÂÃ-J-¯Åjç ä \§äÕ æ®«-©ÊÕ “X¾•-©Â¹× Æ¢C¢-Í-’Œ ¹-©ÊÕÑ ÆE OÕ X¾J-NÕ-Ōթðx ‚©ð-*¢-ÍŒ¢œË. ¦ðª½Õf
«Ÿ¿l Â¹ØœÄ ®¾¢Ÿ¿-ªîs´-*-ÅŒ¢’à OÕ æ®„Ã Ÿ¿%¹p-ŸÄ± Eo «uÂÌh-¹-J¢-Í-«Œ ÍŒÕa.
8. NʧŒÕ¢: ¦Öuªî-“¹®Ô X¾Û¯Ã-Ÿ¿Õ©ä 'NʧŒÕ¢, åXj ÆCµ-ÂÃ-ª½Õ-©åXj ’õª½«¢Ñ Ưä Æ¢¬Ç©ðx ƒNÕ-œ-«Ë Û-¯Ãoªá. ¦ðª½Õf ƒX¾Ûpœ¿Õ OÕ …Êo-ÅÃ-C-µ Ã-ª½Õ-©-
ÊÕ-ÂË. èÇ“’¹-ÅŒh’à «u«-£¾Ç-J¢-ÍŒ¢œË. ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ æ®o£¾Ç-X¾Ü-ª½y-¹¢’à …¯Ão-ªE½ Æ©Õ®¾Õ B®¾Õ-Âî-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ ¹ŸÄ. ‡X¾p-š-ÂË ¹-X¾Ûpœ¿Õ ’õª½-«¢’à ®¾¢¦ðCµ®¾Öh,
®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã©Õ ƒ«y¢œË. NÊ-§ŒÕ-«Õ¢˜ä ÂÃÂà X¾{œd ¿¢ Âß¿E ’¹«Õ-E¢-ÍÃL.
9. ¤ñ’¹œ¿h Âß¿Õ, “X¾¬Á¢®¾: “’¹ÖXýÐ2 ƒ¢{-ª½Öyu©ðx ÊÖÅŒÊ ƒ¢{ª½Öyu NŸµÄÊ¢ ‡©Ç …¢C? ÂíÅŒh ®Ï©-¦-®ýåXj ÆGµ-“¤Ä-§ŒÖ©Õ \NÕ-{E ¦ðª½Õ©f Õ
ÍéÇ-«Õ¢C Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n ÊÕ “X¾Po¢-Íêá. Âí¢Ÿ¿ª½Õ £¾Ý¢ŸÄ’à “X¾¬Á¢-®Ï¢-Íê½Õ. Âí¢ÅŒ-«Õ¢C 'œ¿¦ÇsÑ ÂíšÇdª½Õ. X¶L¾ -ÅÃ©Õ Â¹ØœÄ Æ¢Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ÆÊÕ-¹Ø-
©¢-’Ã¯ä «ÍÃaªá.

-ƒ-N’î -„çÕ-©Â¹×-«-©Õ!
-‡.-‡-¢.- éª-œËf

4 of 6 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain1

éÂ-Kªý -ƒ-¯þ®-{Ïd Öu-šü


¨²ÄJ “’¹ÖXýÐ1 ƒ¢{ª½Öyu ¦ðª½Õ©f ð X¾¯ço¢œ¿Õ «Õ¢C ®¾¦¼µÕu©Õ …¢œ¿-¦ð-ÅŒÕ-¯Ãoª½Õ. Oª½¢-ŸJ¿ «á¢Ÿ¿Ö ‚ÅŒt-N-¬Çy-®¾¢Åî £¾Ý¢ŸÄ’Ã
“X¾«-Jh®¾Öh 20 ENÕ-³Ä©ðx ®¾æ£Ç-ÅŒÕ-¹-„çÕÊi ®¾«Ö-ŸÄµ -¯Ã-©ÊÕ ÍçXÏp „çÕXÏp¢-Í-«Œ -©®Ï …¢{Õ¢C. Æ©Ç-’¹E ƒŸç¢Åî ¹†-²¾d Ä-Ÿµ¿u-«ÕE ¦µ¼§ŒÕ-
X¾-œ-¿ ¹×¢œÄ, „ê½¢Åà NÕ“ÅŒÕ-©-Êä E ¦µÇN¢ÍÃL.
ƒ¢{-ª½Öyu©ð Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ©n Õ EèÇ-ªá-B’à ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã©Õ Íç¤ÄpL. ÅçL-§ŒÕ-Ê-˜Åãkx ä ŸÄEo ŠX¾Ûp-Âî-„ÃL. Æ¢Åä-ÂÃF ÅçL-§ŒÕEC ÅçL-®-ÊÏ -{Õx’Ã
ÍçXÏp '¦xX¶ýÑ Í䧌Õ-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ. ƒ¢{ª½Öyu ƯäC ê«©¢ ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ ÆœËê’ “X¾¬Áo-©-Eo¢-šÂË Ì ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã©Õ ÍçX¾pœ¿¢ «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ Âß¿Õ.
EèÇ-ªá-B’à 'ÅçL-§ŒÕŸ¿ÕÑ ÆE Æ¢U-¹J¢*¯Ã «Öª½Õˆ©Õ ƒ²Äh-ªE½ ’¹Õª½Õh¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-„ÃL. ƒ¢{ª½ÖyuÊÕ Æ¦µ¼u-ª½Õ©n «âJh-«ÕÅŒy
(Personality)X¾K-¹~’à «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ ’¹ÕJh¢-ÍÃL. Æ¢˜ä ŠÂ¹ “’¹ÖXý «¯þ ÆCµ-ÂÃ-JÂË …¢œ¿-«-©-®Ê Ï ©Â¹~-ºÇ©Õ …¯Ão§ŒÖ ©ä„à Ưä Â-©ð¯ä
Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n ÊÕ X¾K-ÂË~-²Ähª½Õ. Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ©n X¾J-Q-©¯Ã ²Ä«Õª½nu¢ (Observation), ®¾«Õ-§ŒÕ-®¾Öp´Jh (Timeliness),¬ÇK-ªÂ½ ¹ ¹Ÿ-L¿ -¹-©ÊÕ (body
language), «áÈ Â¹«-R-¹-©ÊÕ “X¾ŸµÄ-Ê¢’à X¾J-Q-L-²Ähª½Õ.

*“’¹ÖXýÐ1-©ðE NNŸµ¿ ¤ò®¾Õ©d N«-ªÃ©Õ, „ÃšË NŸµ¿Õ©Õ, æXÐ殈©Õ, ‚§ŒÖ ¤ò®¾Õ©d “¤ÄŸµÄÊu¢, ¤ò®¾Õ-©d ©ð X¾Ÿî-ÊoA Æ«-ÂÃ-¬Ç©Õ, NCµ
Eª½y-£¾Ç-º©ð ‡Ÿ¿Õ-ªíˆ¯ä ²ÄŸµ-¿ ¹-¦Ç-Ÿ-µ¿ Ã©Õ „ç៿©- -Êãj N Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-¹×E …¢œÄL.
*Åëá ÍŒC-NÊ œË“U, XÔ° ®¾¦ãb¹ש d ðxE «ÕøL¹ ¦µÇ«-Ê-©åXj X¾{Õd åX¢ÍŒÕ-Âî-„ÃL. ‚§ŒÖ ®¾¦ãb¹שd ðx ƒšÌ-«L X¾J-ºÇ«Ö©åXj “X¾¬Áo©Õ
Æœ¿-’¹-«ÍŒÕa. (ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û/ ‡¢®Ô\ Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n Åãj ä ²ÄX¶ý-„d ªä ý ª½¢’¹¢ ®¾¢Â~¼¢; ‡¢\ ¤ñL-š-ÂË ¹©ü å®j¯þq/ X¾GÂx ú ÆœËt-E-æ®Z†- ¯¾ þ Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n Åãj ä
ƒšÌ-«L ‡Eo-¹©Õ, “¤Ä¢B§ŒÕ ¤ÄKd©Õ; ‡¢\ ‡Â¹-¯Ã-NÕÂúq/ ‡¢Ââ/ ‡¢H\ Ʀµ¼uª½Õ©n Åãj ä “X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ ‚Jn-¹-«Ö¢-Ÿ¿u¢åXj ®¾p†¾Åd Œ
\ª½p-ª-ͽ ŒÕÂî„ÃL)
*«uÂËh-’¹ÅŒ N†¾-§ŒÖ-©Â¹× ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢* æXª½Õ, ŸÄE ƪ½n¢Ð ‚ æXª½Õ “¤ÄŸµÄÊu¢Ð ‚ æXª½ÕÅî ’¹ÅŒ¢©ð ÂÃF “X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ¢ ÂÃF …Êo “X¾«á-ÈÕ©ÕÐ
Ʀµ¼uJn •Êt-®©¾n ¢, “’ëբ, «Õ¢œ¿©¢, >©Çx N«-ªÃ©Õ ÆÊ’Ã ¦µ÷’î-R¹, ‚Jn¹, ²Ä«Ö->¹, ªÃ•-§ Ì ŒÕ “¤ÄŸµÄ-Êu-Å©Œ Õ. ƒÂ¹ ¹×{Õ¢¦
¯äXŸ¾ ±¿u¢Ð ÅŒL-Ÿx ¿¢-“œ¿Õ© «%Ah N«-ªÃ©Õ, ƒÅŒª½ ¹×{Õ¢¦ ®¾¦µ¼Õu© N«-ªÃ©Õ Æœ¿’¹-šÇ-EÂË ‚²Äˆª½¢ …¢C.
*Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ© n Õ …Ÿîu-’¹Õ-©Åãj ,ä “X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ¢ „ê½Õ Íäæ® …Ÿîu’¹¢Ð œË¤Ä-ªý-„d çÕ¢šü N«-ªÃ©Õ, “¤ÄŸµÄÊu¢Ð ŠÂ¹-„@ä Á “X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ¢ Í䮾ÕhÊo …Ÿîu’¹¢ °ÅŒ¢
“’¹ÖXýÐ1 ÆCµ-ÂÃ-ª½Õ-©Â¹× «Íäa °ÅŒ-¦µ¼-ÅÃu© ¹¢˜ä ‡Â¹×ˆ-„Åçj ä ¨ ¤ò®¾ÕÊd Õ ‡ÊÕoÂî«-šÇ-EÂË Âê½-ºÇ-©ÊÕ ®¾æ£Ç-ÅŒÕ-¹¢’à N«-J¢-Í-«Œ -©®Ï
…¢{Õ¢C.
*œË“U, XÔ° ¤Äå®jÊ ÅŒª-„ ½ ÃÅŒ «âœ¿Õ, ¯Ã©Õê’@ÁÙx ÂÃF ƢŌ-¹¢˜ä ‡Â¹×ˆ« Âé¢ ÂÃF \ …Ÿîu’¹¢ Í䧌Õ-¹עœÄ …¢˜ä Æ¢Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ’¹©
Âê½-ºÇ-©ÊÕ æ£ÇÅŒÕ-¦-Ÿ¿ĺ¢’Ã, EèÇ-ªá-B’à N«-J¢-Í-«Œ -©®Ï …¢{Õ¢C.
*£¾ÉH-©åXj Â¹ØœÄ ÅŒX¾p-¹עœÄ “X¾¬Áo-©Õ¢-šÇªá. ÂæšËd £¾ÉH-©ÊÕ …ÊoC …Êo-{Õd’à ÍçX¾p-«-©®Ï …¢{Õ¢C. ŠÂ¹ “X¾Åäu¹ £¾ÉH …Êo-X¾Ûpœ¿Õ
ŸÄEÂË ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢-*Ê X¾ÜJh N«-ªÃ©Õ ÅçL-®¾Õ¢-œÄL. …ŸÄ-£¾Ç-ª-º½ Â¹× “ÂËéšü Æ¢˜ä ‚ “Â̜¿ ¹× ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢-*Ê N«-ªÃ©ÕÐ ’¹ÅŒ “ÂÌœÄ-ÂÃ-ª½Õ©,

5 of 6 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain1

“X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ ‚{-’Ã@Áx N«-ªÃ©ÕÐ NNŸµ¿ “šðX¶©Ô ®¾«Ö-ÍÃ-ª½¢åXj X¾{Õd …¢œÄL. Æ©Çê’ ®¾¢UÅŒ¢, X¾Û®¾h¹ X¾ªÊ¸½ ¢, ’Ãéª-Ef ¢’û, ®ÏE-«Ö©Õ/šÌO©Õ
͌֜¿{¢, „êÃh-X-“¾ A-¹©Õ ÍŒŸ-«¿ œ¿¢, X¾ªÃu-{¹ ꢓŸÄ© ®¾¢Ÿ¿-ª½zÊ „ç៿-©Êãj \ Æ¢¬Á-„çÕ¯i à £¾ÉH ƪáÅä „ÃšË N«-ªÃ©Õ Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-Âî-„ÃL.
“X¾Åäu-ÂË¢* £¾ÉH Æ¢{Ö \OÕ ©äŸE¿ ÍçX¾p-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ.
*2009 ‡Eo-¹-©Â¹× ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢* OÕ >©Çx, ªÃ†¾ZÐ èÇB§ŒÕ ªÃ•-Â-§ Ì ŒÖ©ÕÐ ªÃ•-§ Ì ŒÕ ¤ÄKd©ÕÐ „ÃšË ¯äÅ©Œ Õ Ð ‚§ŒÖ ¤ÄKd© ‡Eo¹©
„äÕE-åX¶²òd „ç៿-©-Êãj -„Ã-šåË Xj Æ«-’Ã-£¾ÇÊ Æ«-®ª¾ ½¢. OÕ ƒ¢{ª½Öyu ¯ÃšËÂË ‡Eo-¹© X¶L¾ -ÅÃ©Õ «Íäa-²Ähªá ÂæšËd „ÃšË N¬ì-†x º¾ , ÂíÅŒh’Ã
\ª½pœä “X¾¦µ¼Õ-ÅÃy© N«-ªÃ©Õ Â¹ØœÄ Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-¹×E …¢œÄL. ƒÂ¹ ªÃ†¾Z ªÃ•-Â-§ Ì ŒÖ-©Â¹× ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢* “X¾Åäu¹ Åç©¢-’ÃºÇ Æ¢¬Á¢åXj X¾ÜJh
®¾«ÖÍê½¢Åî «Üu£¾É-ÅŒt-¹¢’à ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã©Õ ÍçX¾p-«-©®Ï …¢{Õ¢C.
*“X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ ƢŌ-ªÃbB
- §ŒÕ, èÇB§ŒÕ, ªÃ†¾Z ªÃ•-Â-§ Ì ŒÖ-©åXj, ‚Jn¹ N†¾-§ŒÖ-©åXj, ²Ä«Ö->¹ ®¾¢X¶¾Õ-{-Ê-©åXj “X¾¬Áo©Õ …¢šÇªá. ‚ÅŒt-ÊÖu-ÊÅÃ
¦µÇ„ÃFo, ¦µ¼§ŒÖ-©ÊÖ Nœ¿¯ÃœË æ®yÍŒa’´ à ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã-©ÊÕ ÍçX¾p-’¹-L-TÅä OÕ ƒ¢{ª½Öyu N•-§ŒÕ-«¢ÅŒ¢ ƪá-ʘä.x
“’¹ÖXýÐ1 ²Änªá ©Ç¢šË …Ÿîu’éðx Íäêª-„Ã-J©ð ¦©-£ÔÇ-Ê-Å-©Œ ÊÕ ®¾y§ŒÕ¢’à ¦§ŒÕ-{-åX-{Õd-¹ׯä '¦©-£ÔÇ-ÊÅŒÑ …¢œ¿-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ. ‡¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹¢˜ä
„ÚËÅî ƒÅŒ-ª½Õ©Õ ©Gĺ ¤ñ¢Ÿä “X¾«Ö-Ÿ-«¿ á¢C.
ƒ¢{ª½Öyu ƯäC ê«©¢ ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ ÆœËê’ “X¾¬Áo-©-Eo¢-šÂË Ì ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã©Õ ÍçX¾pœ¿¢ «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ Âß¿Õ. EèÇ-ªá-B’à 'ÅçL-§ŒÕŸ¿ÕÑ ÆE
Æ¢U¹J¢*¯Ã «Öª½Õˆ©Õ «²Äh§ŒÕE ’¹Õª½Õh¢-ÍÕŒ -Âî-„ÃL.

Chaduvu Main

6 of 6 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain2

Last Updation on 4th May 2009; Updated Every Monday

¦Çu¢Â¹×©ðx ¦µ¼©ä Æ«-ÂÃ-¬Ç-©Õ


‡®ý. ƪ½Õ-ºý-„çÖ-£¾Ç¯þ
¦Çu¢ÂË¢’û ®¾Ky-å®®ý “ÂÃE-¹©ü
…Ÿîu’¹ E§ŒÖ-«Õ-ÂÃ-©¢˜ä ÆEo ª½¢’Ã©Ö „çÊÕ-¹¢• „䮾ÕhÊo ¨ ÅŒª½Õ-º¢©ð „ä© ¤ò®¾Õ-©d ÊÕ ¦µ¼Kh Íä²Äh-«Õ¢{Ö ¦Çu¢Â¹×©Õ «á¢Ÿ¿Õ-
Âí-®¾Õh-¯Ãoªá. Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ©n Õ X¾ÜJh-²Än-ªá©ð ®ÏŸ-„¿ĺ çÕÅi ä ŸÄŸÄX¾Û ÆEo¦Çu¢Â¹×© X¾K-¹~©Ö ªÃ§ŒÕšÇ-EÂË O©Õ¢C. X¾Â¹-œ¿s¢D ²ÄŸµ¯¿ Ðä ¦Çu¢Â¹×
…Ÿîu-’Ã-EÂË Åê½Â¹ «Õ¢“ÅŒ¢!
‚¢“ŸµÄ ¦Çu¢Â¹×, ƒ¢œË-§ŒÕ¯þ ¦Çu¢Â¹×, ®¾X¾h-TJ “’ÃOÕº ¦Çu¢Â¹×©Õ ÅÃèÇ’Ã …Ÿîu’¹ E§ŒÖ-«Õ¹ “X¾Â¹-{-Ê©Õ „ç©Õ-«-J¢-Íêá. ƒ¢{ªý 60 ¬ÇÅŒ¢
«Öª½Õˆ-©Åî ¤Äå®j¯Ã ©ä¹ œË“U X¾ÜJh-Í-®ä ¯Ï à ¹ªx ½Õˆ …Ÿîu-’Ã-EÂË Æª½|ÅŒ …¢C. œË“U 60 ¬ÇÅŒ¢ «Öª½Õˆ-©Åî ¤Äå®j-ʄê½Õ ¦Çu¢Â¹× ‚X¶-®Ô ª¾ ý
…Ÿîu-’Ã-©Â¹× ƪ½Õ|©Õ. ÂíEo ¦Çu¢Â¹×©Õ ƪ½|ÅŒ “X¾«Ö-ºÇ©ðx 5Ð10 ¬ÇÅŒ¢ «Öª½Õˆ© ®¾œ-L¿ ¢X¾Û Â¹ØœÄ ƒ®¾Õh-¯Ãoªá.
ªÃÅŒ X¾K-¹~©ð ‚¦ãÂb- „Ëd þ æXX¾ªý, œË“®Ïˆ-X„Ïd þ æXX¾ªý …¢šÇªá. ÅŒªÃyÅŒ ƒ¢{ª½Öyu.
ŸÄŸÄX¾Û ÆEo ¦Çu¢Â¹×© ªÃÅŒ-X-K¾ -¹~-©Â¹× Šê NŸµ-„¿ çÕÊi ®Ï©-¦®ý …¢{Õ¢C. ‡®ý-H‰ X¾K-¹~-©Â¹× ÆŸ¿-Ê¢’à «Ö骈-šË¢’û, ¹¢X¾Üu-{ªý ¯Ã©ãœþb
N¦µÇ-’éկÃoªá.
®ÏŸ-«¿ĺ Õ§äÕu X¾ŸA¿ĺ
®Ï©-¦®ý ŸÄŸÄ-X¾Û’à ÆEo ¦Çu¢Â¹×-©Â¹Ø Šê NŸµ¿¢’à …¢œ¿{¢, X¾K¹~ NŸµÄÊ¢ Â¹ØœÄ Šê ª½Â¹¢’à …¢œ¿{¢ Ʀµ¼uª½Õ©n Â¹× «ª½«ÕE ÍçX¾p-«ÍŒÕa.
X¾ÜJh-²Än-ªá©ð “XÏæXª½«{¢ ¦£¾Ý-@Ǫ½n ²ÄŸµ-¿ ¹-«Õ-«Û-ÅÕŒ ¢C. ‚¦ãÂb- „Ëd þ ªÃÅŒ-X-K¾ ¹~©ðE N¦µÇ-’é ®¾¢’¹A ͌֟Äl¢.
•Ê-ª©½ ü Æ„ä-ªý-¯®ç ý:
®¾«Õ-ÂÃ-MÊ ‚Jn¹, ²Ä«Ö->¹ Æ¢¬Ç-©åXj “X¾¬Áo©Õ¢šÇªá. Ō¹׈« ®¾«Õ-§ŒÕ¢©ð ‡Â¹×ˆ« «Öª½Õˆ©Õ ²òˆª½Õ Í䧌Õ-œÄ-EÂË …X¾-§çÖ-’¹-Xœ¾ ä N¦µÇ-’¹-NÕC.
“¹«Õ¢ ÅŒX¾p-¹עœÄ „êÃh-X-“¾ A¹ ÍŒŸ¿Õ-«Û-Ōբ-œÄL. ¤òšÌ X¾K-¹~© «Öu’¹-°ÊÕx ƒšÌ-«L ‚ª½Õ ¯ç©-©N ÍŒŸ-„¿ ÃL. ¦Çu¢ÂË¢’û, ‚Jn¹ Æ¢¬Ç-©åXj “X¾¬Áo©Õ
ªÃ«-œÄ-EÂË Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ ‡Â¹×ˆ«.

1 of 4 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain2

•Ê-ª©½ ü ƒ¢Tx†ý:
DE©ð “’ëժý, ŠÂÃ-¦Õu-©K, Ââ“X¾-å£Ç-ʯ¥ þ ÂÌ©-¹-„çÕ-Êi N. ƒC ÂÃyL-åX¶-ªj ᢒû N¦µÇ’¹¢. ƪá-Ê-X¾p-šÂË Ì ‡®ý-H‰ X¾K-¹~Â¹× ƒC ÍÃ©Ç «áÈu¢.
ÂÃy¢šË-˜-šä „Ë þ ‚XÏ-{d Öuœþ:
¨ N¦µÇ’¹¢ ‡Â¹×ˆ« ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ X¾˜äd N¦µÇ’¹¢. ˜ä¦Õ©üq, 殈yªýq, ¹Øu¦üq O©ã-Êj ¢ÅŒ ‡Â¹×ˆ-«’à ’¹Õª½Õh¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-„ÃL. ¬ÇÅéÕ, ®¾ªÃ-®J¾ , ¹؜Ë-¹©Õ,
B®Ï-„-Åä ©Œ Õ, ’¹Õº-ÂÃ-ªÃ©Õ, ¦µÇ’¹-£¾É-ªÃ©Õ ®¾Õ©Õ-«Û’à Í秌Õu-’¹-Lê’©Ç ²ÄŸµÊ¿ Í䧌ÖL. Šê “¤Ä¦x„þÕ ²Ä©üy Í䮾Öh ‡Â¹×ˆ« ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ «%Ÿ±Ä Í䧌Õ-¹עœÄ
X¾K-¹~©ð ÅŒT-ʢŌ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ êšÇ-ªá¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-„ÃL.
K•-E¢’û:
«âœ¿Õ «¢ÅŒÕ© “X¾¬Áo©Õ „窽s©ü K•-E¢’û ÊÕ¢* «²Ähªá. ÂÃy¢šË-˜-šä „Ë þ‚XÏ-{d Öuœþ, K•-E¢’û©©ð “¤ÄOºu¢ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-œŒ Ä-EÂË \éÂÂj ¹ «Öª½_¢
²ÄŸµÊ¿ . ’¹ÅŒ X¾K-¹~©ðx «*aÊ æXX¾ª½Õ,x “¤ÄÂÌ®d ¾Õ æXX¾ª½Õx N®¾h%-ÅŒ¢’à “¤ÄÂÌ®d ý Í䧌Õ{¢ ŸÄyªÃ ¨ 骢œ¿Õ N¦µÇ-’éðx ͌¹ˆE ¯çXj ¾Û-ºÇuEo ¤ñ¢Ÿ¿-«ÍŒÕa.
«Ö骈-šË¢’û ¯Ã©ãœþb:
®¾«Õ-ÂÃ-MÊ „Ãu¤Äª½ ®¾¢¦¢-Ÿ-„µ¿ çÕÊi «Öª½Õp©Õ, «Ö骈-šË¢-’û©ð «ÕøL¹ Æ¢¬Ç-©åXj “X¾¬Áo-©Õ¢-šÇªá. ƒC Â¹ØœÄ ÅŒÂ¹×ˆ« ®¾«Õ-§ŒÕ¢©ð ‡Â¹×ˆ«
«Öª½Õˆ©Õ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-œŒ Ä-EÂË Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ …Êo N¦µÇ’¹¢. DEÂË ®¾¢¦¢-C¢µ * «Ö骈šðx ÍÃ©Ç X¾Û®¾h-ÂÃ©Õ Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¦Ç-{Õ©ð …¯Ãoªá.
¹¢X¾Üu-{ªý Æ„ä-ªý-¯®ç ý:
¹¢X¾Üu-{ªý X¶¾¢œ¿„- çÕ¢-{©üq, ‚X¾-êª-šË¢’û NŸµÄ-Ê¢-åXjÊ ÂíEo “X¾¬Áo©Õ …¢šÇªá. ¹¢X¾Üu-{ªý ¯Ã©ãœþbÂË ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢* X¾Û®¾h-ÂÃ©Õ «Ö骈šðx ©¦µ¼u-«Õ-«Û-
ÅŒÕ-¯Ãoªá.
¹Jx -¹©ü ‚XÏ-{d Öuœþ:
DE©ð Ʀµ¼uJn EPÅŒ X¾J-Q-©-¯Ã-¬Á-ÂËhE X¾K-ÂË~-²Ähª½Õ. ƒ*aÊ ®¾«Ö-ÍÃ-ªÃEo X¾J-Q-L¢*, ÅäœÄ-©ÊÕ ’¹«Õ-E¢-Í-œŒ „¿ äÕ ¨ X¾K¹~. „çÖœ¿©ü æXX¾ª½Õx “¤ÄÂÌ®d ¾Õ
Í䧌Õ{¢ ŸÄyªÃ ¨ N¦µÇ’ÃEo ®¾Õ©-¦µ¼¢’à Í䧌Õ-«ÍŒÕa.
¦Çu¢Â¹× X¾K¹~©Â¹× '¯çT-š„Ë þ «ÖJˆ¢’ûÑ …¢C. ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ¯- Ã©Õ ÅçL-§ŒÕE “X¾¬Áo-©ÊÕ Æ˜ã„þÕd Íäæ® N†¾-§ŒÕ¢©ð èÇ“’¹ÅŒh «£ÏÇ¢-ÍÃL.
œË“®Ïˆ-X„Ïd þ æXX¾ªý©ð ²Ä«Ö>¹ ‚Jn¹ N†¾-§ÖŒ -©Â¹× ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢* „Ãu®¾-ª½ÖX¾ “X¾¬Áo©Õ …¢šÇªá. ¨
æXX¾ªý ÂÃyL-åX¶-ªj ᢒû ®¾y¦µÇ«¢ ¹L-T-«Û¢-{Õ¢C. œË“®Ïˆ-X„Ïd þ æXX¾-ªý©ð ÂÃyLåX¶j ƪá-ůä ä ‚¦ãÂb- „Ëd þ
æXX¾-ªýÊÕ „éÖu Íä²Ähª½Õ. ¨ æXX¾ªý Â¢ *Êo „Ãu²Ä©Õ ªÃ§ŒÕ{¢ ²ÄŸµÊ¿ Í䧌ÖL. ‚¢“ŸµÄ
¦Çu¢Â¹× ¹ªx ½Õˆ© X¾K-¹~Â¹× œË“®Ïˆ-X„Ïd þ æXX¾ªý Åç©Õ-’¹Õ©ð ªÃ®¾Õ-Âî-«ÍŒÕa.

2 of 4 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain2

ƒ¢{ª½Öyu «á‘ðu-Ÿ¬äl Á¢Ð Ʀµ¼uJn «uÂËh-ÅÃyEo X¾J-Q-L¢-ÍœŒ ¿¢. ‚ÅŒt-N-¬Çy®¾¢, ®¾«ÕÂÃMÊ Æ¢¬Ç©åXj
Æ«-’Ã-£¾ÇÊ, Ʀµ¼uJn ͌ժ½Õ-¹×-ŸÊ¿ ¢, EèÇ-ªáB, ‚¬Ç-«£¾Ç Ÿ¿%¹pŸ±¿¢ „ç៿-©Êãj N X¾KÂË~-²Ähª½Õ.

®¾-J-C-Ÿ¿ÕÂl î¢-œË -¨ -©ð-¤Ä-©Õ


>.‡®ý. TJ-Ÿª¿µ ý
RACE ƒ¯þ-®-{ Ïd Öušü
¦Çu¢Â¹× …Ÿîu’ÃEo ©Â¹~u¢’à Í䮾Õ-¹×Êo„ÃJ©ð Âí¢Ÿ¿ª½Õ ®¾X©¶¾ ¢ Âéä-¹-¤ò-ÅŒÕ-¯Ãoª½Õ. Oª½Õ ÅÃ«á ‡Â¹ˆœ¿ ¤ñª½-¤Ä{Õx Í䮾Õh-¯Ão„çÖ
“’¹£ÏÇ¢*, „ÚËE ®¾J-C-Ÿ¿Õ-Âl ¹×¢˜ä ÅŒX¾p¹ N•§ŒÕ¢ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-’Œ ¹-©Õ-’¹Õ-Åê½Õ.
* “X¾ºÇ-R¹©ðX¾¢: \Ÿî ÍŒC-„Ã-«Õ¢˜ä ÍŒC-„Ã-«ÕE Âß¿Õ, “X¾ºÇ-R¹ “X¾Âê½¢ ªîW ÆEo ®¾¦Âãb- ¹×©d Ö Â¹«-ª-§
½ äÕu©Ç ֮͌¾Õ-Âî-„ÃL. O©ã-Êj ¢ÅŒ
‡Â¹×ˆ« ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ êšÇ-ªá¢-ÍŒÕÂî„ÃL. \ “X¾¬Áo©Õ ‡©Ç ²ÄCµ¢-Íéð Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-Âî-„ÃL. ©ã¹ˆ Íä§ÕŒ -¹ע-œÄ¯ä ƒ*aÊ ‚X¾¯¥ þq ŸÄyªÃ
’¹ÕJh¢Íä©Ç ÂíEo-šEË ²ÄŸµÊ¿ Í䧌ÖL. X¾K-¹~©ð ÅŒªÍ½ ÖŒ ÆœËê’ ÂíEo “X¾¬Áo© „çÖœ¿-©üqÊÕ ’¹ÕJh¢* „ÚËÂË ¤¶Äª½Õt-©Ç-©ÊÕ ’¹Õª½Õh-åX-{Õd-
Âî-„ÃL.
* ®¾«ÖÊ “¤ÄŸµÄÊu¢ ƒ«y-¹-¤ò-«{¢: ÂíCl-«Õ¢C ÂíEo ®¾¦Âãb- ¹×-©d -åXjÊ «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ “¬ÁŸ¿ĺ «£ÏÇ®¾Öh …¢œ¿{¢ «©x ƒÅŒª½ ®¾¦Âãb- ¹×©d Â¹× Âë-©-
®Ï-ʢŌ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ ©ä¹, „Ú˩ð Ÿç¦s-A¢-{Õ¢-šÇª½Õ. ƒ©Ç¢šË “X¾«ÖŸ¿¢ •ª½-’¹-¹עœÄ ÆEo-š-åË Xj¯Ã “X¾Åäu¹ “¬ÁŸ¿ĺ «£ÏÇ¢-ÍœŒ ¿¢ ÅŒX¾p-E-®J¾ .
ê«©¢ ®Ï©-¦®ý X¾ÜJh Íäæ®h “XÏX-ê¾ ª-†¯¾ þ X¾Üª½h-ªá-Ê{Õx Âß¿Õ. Ō¹׈« ®¾«Õ-§ŒÕ¢©ð O©ã-Êj Eo ‡Â¹×ˆ« “X¾¬Áo©Õ ²ÄCµ¢-Í©ä Ç ²ÄŸµÊ¿ Í䧌ÖL.
‡Â¹×ˆ-«’à „çÖœ¿©ü “X¾¬Áo-X-“¾ ÅÃ©Õ ²ÄŸµÊ¿ Í䮾Õh¢-œÄL. “X¾A „çÖœ¿©ü “X¾¬Áo-X-“¾ ÅÃFo EKgÅŒ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ êšÇ-ªá¢-ÍŒÕ-ÂíE, ‚ ®¾«Õ-§ŒÕ¢-©ð-X©¾
X¾Üª½h-§äÕu©Ç ֮͌¾Õ-Âî-„ÃL. ‡Â¹×ˆ« ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ X¾œ¿Õ-ÅŒÖ-«Û¢˜ä ƒ¢Âà ‡Â¹×ˆ«’à ²ÄŸµÊ¿ Í䮾Öh ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ Ō꒩_ Ç ÍŒÖ®¾Õ-Âî-„ÃL. ®¾ÖÂÌ~t-
¹-ª-º½ ©ð ÍéÇ-«-ªÂ½ ¹Ø åX¯þ Æ«-®ª¾ ½¢ ©ä¹עœÄ Í䧌Ւ- ¹-©-’ÃL.
•Ê-ª©½ ü Æ„ä-ªý-¯®ç ý N¦µÇ-’¹¢©ð ‡Â¹×ˆ-«’à ®¾¢Èu-©Åî ®¾£¾É ÆœËê’ Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ …¢{Õ¢C ÂæšËd „ÚËE ¦Ç’à ’¹Õª½Õh¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-„ÃL. ƒ¢Tx†ý
CÊ-X-“¾ A-¹©Õ ÍŒC-NÅä •Ê-ª©½ ü Æ„ä-ªý-¯-®ç ý¹Ø, •Ê-ª©½ ü ƒ¢Tx-†ýÂ¹Ø Â¹ØœÄ …X¾-§çÖ’¹¢. ªîVÂ¹× Â¹F®¾¢ 10 ÂíÅŒh X¾ŸÄ-©Â¹× ƪÃn©Ö,
«uAêªÂ¹ X¾ŸÄ©Ö Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-¹ע˜ä «Õ¢*C.
* ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ ®¾p%£¾Ç N®¾t-J¢-Í{Œ ¢: \ N¦µÇ-’Ã-EÂË ‡¢ÅŒ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ êšÇ-ªá¢-Íéð „çÖœ¿©ü X¾K-¹~-©ðx¯ä Eª½-ªg á¢-ÍŒÕ-ÂíE, ‚ ®¾«Õ-§ŒÖEo
¹*a-ÅŒ¢’à ¤ÄšË®¾Õh¢œÄL. ŠÂ¹ N¦µÇ-’¹¢©ð ÆEo “X¾¬Áo©Ö ²ÄCµ¢-ÍÃ-©-ÊÕ-ÂíE, EêªPl ÅŒ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ ¹¯Ão ‡Â¹×ˆ« ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ B®¾Õ-Âî-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ.

3 of 4 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain2

ƒC “X¾«ÖŸ¿¢. ƒ©Ç Íäæ®hÐ NÕT-LÊ N¦µÇ-’éðx …Bh-ªÅ½g Œ ²ÄCµ¢Íä ²Änªá©ð “X¾¬Áo©Õ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-œŒ ÄEÂË Â¹ØœÄ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ …¢œ¿Ÿ¿Õ. X¾K¹~
ªÃ§ŒÕ-œÄ-EÂË ÅŒÂ¹×ˆ« ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ …¢Ÿ¿Êo ÆÊ-«-®ª¾ ½ ‚¢Ÿî-@ÁÊ …¢œ¿-¹Ø-œŸ¿ ¿Õ. X¾K¹~ ªÃæ® Æ¢Ÿ¿-JÂÌ Æ¢Åä ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ …¢{Õ¢C ¹ŸÄ?
‡Â¹ˆœÄ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ «%Ÿ±Ä ÂùעœÄ ֮͌¾Õ-Âî-„ÃL.

Chaduvu Main

4 of 4 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain3

Last Updation on 4th May 2009; Updated Every Monday

-OÕ -Bª½Õp -\-NÕ-š?Ë


NŸ¿u, éÂJ§ŒÕªý N†¾§ŒÖ©åXj ÆGµ-“¤Ä§ŒÕ¢ «uÂÌh¹J¢Íé¯ä ‚®¾ÂËh OÕ©ð …¢ŸÄ? ƪáÅä... ‹ ‡®ý-‡¢-‡®ý
X¾¢X¾¢œË ÍéÕ! ÂË¢Ÿ¿ ƒ*aÊ Æ¢¬Á¢åXj OÕ -Bª½Õp -\N՚𠇮ý-‡¢-‡®ý Íä²Ähª½Õ ¹Ÿ¿Ö... X¶L¾ ÅŒ¢ «Íäa-„ê½¢
'ÍŒŸ¿Õ«ÛÑ©ð ֮͌¾Õ-Âî-«ÍŒÕa.
-¨ -„Ã--ª½¢ Æ¢¬Á¢:
-\XÔX-‡Ô -®Ôq-©ð '-„Ã-Ÿ¿Õ-©Ç-{Ñ Â¹-NÕ-†-¯¾ þ -N-¬Áy®¾-F-§ŒÕ-ÅÂŒ ¹× -¦µ¼¢’¹Â¹ª-«½ Ö?
OÕ ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄÊ¢ '»ÊÕÑ ÆªáÅä OÕ å®-©ü-©ð edc ÆE ˜ãXj ý Íä®,Ï æ®p®ý ƒ*a y ÆE ˜ãXj ý Í䧌ÖL. OÕ
®¾«Ö-ŸµÄÊ¢ 'Âß¿ÕÑ ÆªáÅä edc ÆE ˜ãXj ý Íä®,Ï æ®p®ý ƒ*a n ÆE ˜ãXj ý Í䧌ÖL.-
5600606 Ê¢¦ª½ÕÂ¹× SMS Íä-§ŒÕ¢œË!

’¹ÅŒ „ê½¢ Æ¢¬Á¢åXj ®¾p¢-Ÿ-Ê¿ -ƒ-D!


XÔ° NŸ¿u ¦µ¼N-ÅÂŒ ¹× “X¾§çÖ-•-Ê-¹-ª-„½ äÕ¯Ã?
-»-ÊÕ 65%
ÂÃ-Ÿ¿Õ 35%

1 of 2 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain3

Chaduvu Main

2 of 2 5/4/2009 5:33
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain4

Last Updation on 4th May 2009; Updated Every Monday

®¾¢Â~î-¦µ¼-„-@ä Á ®¾éªÊj ÂÕq.. ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË.


¨ \œÄC H˜ãÂú ©äŸÄ H¨ X¾ÜJh-Í-®ä ¾Õ-¹×E ¦§ŒÕ-{Â¹× «²òhÊo ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û NŸÄu-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× …Ÿîu-’é «Ö骈šü X¾J-®AÏn \«Ö“ÅŒ¢
‚¬Ç-•-Ê-¹¢’à ©äŸ¿Õ. ¨ X¾J-®-ÅÏn ŒÕ©ðx „ÃJ-¹×Êo “X¾ŸµÄÊ “X¾ÅÃu-«Öo§ŒÕ¢... ¤ò®¾Õd “’Ãœ¿Õu-§äÕ-†¯¾ þ Í䧌Õ-œ„¿ äÕ. ‰‰-š©Ì ÅŒªÃyÅŒ XÔ°
ÂÕq-©Â¹× æXª½ÕÊo ®¾¢®¾©n Õ ‰‰-‰-š©Ì Õ. å£jÇŸ¿-ªÃ-¦Ç-Ÿþ-©ðE ƒ¢{-êªo-†-ʾ ©ü ƒE-®-{Ïd Öušü ‚X¶ý ƒÊp´-êªt-†¯¾ þ ˜ãÂÃo-©° (‰‰-‰šÌ), èä‡-¯þ-
šÌ§Œâ, ‚¢“Ÿµ,¿ ¡„ä¢-¹-˜-¬ä Áyª½, …²Ät-E§ŒÖ Ñ«-Jq-š©Ì Õ ®¾¢§Œá-¹h¢’à Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²òhÊo «Ö®¾ªd ý ‚X¶ý å®j¯þq ƒ¯þ ƒÊp´-êªt-†¯¾ þ ˜ãÂÃo-©°
(‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË.) ÂÕq «Õ¢* “X¾ÅÃu-«Öo§ŒÕ¢.

-
NŸä-¬Ç©ðx ‡¢.‡®ý. Í䧌՜¿¢ ÍÃ©Ç Èª½ÕaÅî ¹؜ËÊ «u«-£¾Éª½¢. «ÕÊ NŸÄu-ª½Õ©n Õ ‡Â¹×ˆ-«’à ‚®¾ÂhË ÍŒÖXÏ¢Íä Æ„çÕJ- -Âéð XÔ° ÍŒŸ-„¿ Ã-©¢˜ä
¹F®¾¢ ª½Ö. 15Ð20 ©Â¹~©Õ Ȫ½a-«Û-ŌբC. å£ÇÍý1H O²Ä© N†¾-§ŒÕ¢©ð ÂíÊ-²Ä-’¹Õ-ÅîÊo ®¾¢C-’¹Ån Œ Â¹ØœÄ Æ„çÕ-J-Âéð ÍŒŸ-„¿ Ã-©-ÊÕ-¹ׯä NŸÄu-ª½Õ-©n ¹×
EªÃ-¬Ç-•-Ê-¹¢’à Ō§ŒÖ-éªj¢C. «Õªî-„Xçj ¾Û ²Ä¢êÂ-A¹ NŸ¿uÂ¹× æXª½Õ-’â-*Ê ‰‰-š-©Ì ©ð XÔ° ®Ô{x ®¾¢Èu Ō¹׈-«’à …¢C. ‚Jn¹ ®¾¢Â~¼¢ «©x ÍéÇ
ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û ¹@Ç-¬Ç-©©ðx æXx®ý-„çÕ¢{x X¾J-®AÏn ‚¢Ÿî-@Á-Ê-¹-ª½¢’à Ō§ÖŒ -éªj¢C. ¨ ¯äX-Ÿ¾ µ¿u¢©ð 骢œä@Áx ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. Í䧌՜¿¢ NŸÄu-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× “X¾§çÖ-
•-Ê-¹ª½¢.

1 of 6 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain4

…Ÿîu-’é «Ö骈šü ®¾¢Â~î-¦µ¼¢©ð …Êo “X¾®Õ¾ hÅŒ X¾J-®-ÅÏn ÕŒ -©ðxÊÖ ŸÄŸÄX¾Û 80 ¬ÇÅŒ¢ NŸÄu-ª½Õ©n Õ æXx®ý-„çÕ¢{Õx ²ÄCµ¢-ÍœŒ ¿¢ ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. “X¾Åäu-¹Å.Œ
Æ„çÕ-J-ÂÃ-©ðE ÂÃéªoU „çթǯþ §ŒâE-«-JqšÌ (®Ô‡¢§Œâ) ®¾£Ç¾ -ÂÃ-ª½¢Åî ¨ ÂÕqÊÕ ª½Ö¤ñ¢-C¢*, Eª½y-£ÏÇ-®¾Õh¯- Ãoª½Õ. ®Ï©-¦®ý, ÂÕq ®¾OÕ¹~, ÆŸµÄu-
X¾-¹×-©Â¹× P¹~º N†¾-§ŒÖ©ðx ®Ô‡¢§Œâ ¤Ä©Õ-X¾¢-ÍŒÕ-¹ע-šð¢C. ÂÕq X¾Üª½h-§ŒÖu¹ ‡©Ç¢šË “X¾Åäu¹ P¹~º Æ«-®ª¾ ½¢ ©ä¹עœÄ ¯äª½Õ’à ¹¢åX-F©Õ Ʀµ¼u-
ª½Õ-©n ÊÕ E§ŒÕ-NÕ¢-ÍŒÕ-¹ׯä KA©ð ¤Äª¸½u-“X¾-ºÇ-R-¹ÊÕ ÅŒ§ŒÖ-ª½Õ-Í-¬ä Ǫ½Õ.
²ÄX¶ý-®d ψ-©üq©ð P¹~º
ªîW 11 ’¹¢{©Õ P¹~º Æ¢C¢-ÍœŒ ¿¢ ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. «Õªî “X¾Åäu-¹Å.Œ ²ÄX¶ý-®d ψ-©üqÂ¹× ÆCµÂ¹ “¤ÄŸµÄÊu¢ ƒ®¾Õh-¯Ãoª½Õ. ªîW 2 ’¹¢{©Õ ¨ P¹~-ºÂ¹×
êšÇ-ªá¢-Í-œŒ „¿ äÕ DEÂË EŸ¿-ª½zÊ¢. ƒ¢Ÿ¿Õ©ð ¦µÇ’¹¢’à “’¹ÖXý œË®¾ˆ-†-¯¾ þ©Õ, “åXèã¢-˜-†ä -¯¾ þ©Õ, G>-¯®ç ý ¹«âu-E-êÂ-†¯¾ þ, ‡¢{-ªý-“åX-ÊÖu-ªý-†XÏ ý, G>-¯®ç ý
åX¶¯j ïþq, ÅŒC-ŪŒ ½ Æ¢¬Ç©ðx ‚ÍŒ-ª-º½ Ç-ÅŒt¹ P¹~º ƒ²Ähª½Õ. NŸÄu-ª½Õ©n Õ ÅŒ«ÕÂ¹× ƒ†¾-„d çÕÊi ®¾«Õ-§ÖŒ ©ðx “¤ÄÂË-Âd ¹©üq Í䮾Õ-Âî-«-œÄ-EÂË ©Çu¦ü©Õ ‡©x-X¾Ûpœ¿Ö
Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¦Ç-{Õ©ð …¢šÇªá.
‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. 骢œî ®¾¢«-ÅŒq-ª½¢©ð NŸÄu-ª½Õ©n Õ ŠÂ¹ å®p†¾-©-èãj -†ä ¯¾ þ ‡¢ÍŒÕ-Âî-„ÃL. ¨ ÂÕq©ð ‚Ÿµ¿Õ-E¹ å®p†¾-©-èãj -†ä ʾ Õx Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¦Ç-{Õ©ð …¯Ãoªá.
ÆN... ²ÄX¶ý-„d ªä ý ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û, ¹¢X¾Üu-{ªý ¯çšü-«ªýˆq Æ¢œþ å®Â¹Øu-JšÌ, ¨ÐG->-¯®ç ý ˜ãÂÃo-©-°®ý, ©Ç¢ê’yèü ˜ãÂÃo-©-°®ý. *«J å®NÕ-®-ª¾d ý©ð
NŸÄu-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× “X¾«áÈ Â¹¢åX-F©ðx ƒ¢{-ªýo-†-XÏ ý©Õ ©Gµ-®Õ¾ h-¯Ãoªá. “X¾A-¦µÇ-«¢-ÅŒÕ-©Êãj NŸÄu-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× éª¢œî \œÄC šÌ*¢’û Æ®Ï-å®d¢-šü-†XÏ ý Æ«-ÂìÁ¢
¹Lp-²Ähª½Õ.
* 'Í䧌՜¿¢ ŸÄyªÃ ¯äª½Õa-Âî-«œ¿¢Ñ (learning by doing) ¨ ÂÕq «â©-®¾Ö“ÅŒ¢. ÅŒª-’½ ¹-A©ð ¯äª½Õa-¹×Êo ¦µÇ«-Ê-©ÊÕ ‚ÍŒ-ª-º½ ©ð “¤Äèã-¹×-©d Õ’Ã
Í䧌՜¿¢ ŸÄyªÃ ®¾¦Âãb- ¹×©d ð «Õ¢* Æ«-’Ã-£¾ÇÊ \ª½p-œ¿Õ-ŌբC.
* „çáÅŒh¢ ÅŒª-’½ ¹-AE 3Ð5 «Õ¢CÅî ¦%¢ŸÄ-©Õ’à Nœ¿-D-²Ähª½Õ. “X¾A ¦%¢ŸÄ-EÂË “X¾Åäu-¹¢’à ŠÂ¹ ®¾©-£¾É-ŸÄª½Õ („çÕ¢šÇªý) …¢šÇª½Õ. ÆÅŒE X¾ª½u-
„ä-¹~-º©ð ¦%¢Ÿ¿¢ Æå®j-¯þ-„çÕ¢{Õx, “¤Äèã-¹שd Õ Í䮾Õh¢C.
* ¦%¢ŸÄ-©ðxE ®¾¦µ¼Õu©Õ ÅŒ«ÕÂ¹× ÅÃ«á “X¾ºÇ-R-¹-©ÊÕ ª½Ö¤ñ¢-C¢-ÍŒÕ-¹×E, NŸµ¿Õ-©ÊÕ êšÇ-ªá¢-ÍŒÕ-¹ע-šÇª½Õ. „çÕ¢šÇªý ‚„çÖ-Ÿ¿¢Åî „ÃšËE ‚ÍŒ-ª-º ½ ©ð
åXœ¿-Åê½Õ.
* ÂÕq “¤Äª½¢-Gµ¢-Í-œ
Œ Ä-EÂË «á¢Ÿ¿Õ’à ®¾¢¦¢-Cŵ Œ Æ¢¬Ç©ðx Æ«-’Ã-£¾ÇÊ ÅŒª-’½ ¹-ÅŒÕ©Õ Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²Ähª½Õ. ÅŒŸÄyªÃ ÂÕq X¾{x NŸÄu-ª½Õ©n ðx ‚®¾-ÂËhE
åX¢¤ñ¢-C-²Ähª½Õ.
* NŸä-¬Ç-©ðxE “X¾«áÈ §ŒâE-«-Jq-š© Ì ÆŸµÄu-X-¾ ¹×-©Åî œË>-{©ü …X¾-¯Ãu-²Ä©Õ Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²Ähª½Õ.
®Ô{Õx, ‡¢XϹ NŸµÄÊ¢
‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²òhÊo ‰Ÿ¿Õ ®¾¢®¾©n ðx ¹LXÏ 340 ®Ô{Õx-¯Ãoªá. NŸÄu-®¾¢-®©¾n „ÃK’à ®Ô{x N«-ªÃ©Õ...

2 of 6 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain4

* ‰‰-‰šÌ, å£jÇŸ¿-ªÃ-¦ÇŸþ: 100


* èä‡-¯þ-š§ Ì Œâ, å£jÇŸ¿-ªÃ-¦ÇŸþ: 150
* …²Ät-E§ŒÖ §ŒâE-«-JqšÌ, å£jÇŸ¿-ªÃ-¦ÇŸþ: 30
* ‚¢“Ÿµ¿ §ŒâE-«-JqšÌ, N¬Ç-È-X{ ¾ o¢: 30
* ¡„ä¢-¹-˜-¬ä Áyª½ §ŒâE-«-JqšÌ: 30
NŸÄu-ª½|-Å©Œ Õ: ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. ÂÕqÂ¹× ÆEo “¦Ç¢*© H˜ãÂú/ H¨ NŸÄu-ª½Õ©n Õ Ÿ¿ª-‘½ Ç®¾Õh Íä®Õ¾ -Âî-«ÍŒÕa. ¹¢X¾Üu-{ªý å®j¯þq, «ÖuŸ±-„¿ äÕ-šÂË úq, ²Ädš-®Ë ÂÏd úq
®¾¦Âãb- ¹×©d ðx XÔ° Íä®-ÊÏ -„ê½Õ, ‡¢®Ô\ ÍŒC-N-Ê-„ê½Õ ƪ½Õ|©Õ. ‚§ŒÖ ÂÕq© *«J ®¾¢«-ÅŒqª½¢ X¾K-¹~©Õ ªÃ®Ï-Ê-„ê½Õ Â¹ØœÄ Æª½Õ|©.ä
‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË.ÂË Æ¦µ¼u-ª½Õ©n ‡¢XϹ «âœ¿Õ Ÿ¿¬Á©ðx •ª½Õ-’¹Õ-ŌբC.
„ç៿šË Ÿ¿¬Á: Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ©n Õ å£jÇŸ¿-ªÃ-¦Ç-Ÿþ©ð '„ÃÂú ƒ¯þ ‡¢“{-¯þqÑÂ¹× £¾É•-ª½Õ-ÂÃ-«ÍŒÕa. „äÕ 23 «ª½Â¹× “X¾A ’¹Õª½Õ, ¬Áٓ¹, ¬ÁE, ‚C „êéðx ‡X¾Ûp-œ¯çj Ã
DEÂË £¾É•-ª½Õ-ÂÃ-«ÍŒÕa. ƒC O©Õ-ÂÃE Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× „äÕ 24Ê å£jÇŸ¿-ªÃ-¦ÇŸþ, «ª½¢-’¹©ü, Aª½Õ-XA¾ , N•-§ŒÕ-„Ãœ¿, N¬Ç-È-X-{¾ o¢©ð “X¾„¬ä Á X¾K¹~
(“’Ãœ¿Õu-§äÕšü ‚XÏ-{d Öuœþ ˜ã®ý)d Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²Ähª½Õ. ƒC X¾ÜJh’à ¹¢X¾Üu-{ªý ‚ŸµÄ-JÅŒ X¾K¹~. „çáÅŒh¢ 100 “X¾¬Áo-©Â¹× 骢œ¿Õ-Êoª½ ’¹¢{©ðx ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã©Õ
’¹ÕJh¢-ÍÃL. ƒ¢Ÿ¿Õ©ð ÂÃy¢šË-˜-šä „Ë þ ‡G-LšÌ ÊÕ¢* 43 “X¾¬Áo©Õ, ‡Ê-L-š-ÂË ¹©ü/ ©Ç>-¹©ü K•-E¢’û ÊÕ¢* 29 “X¾¬Áo©Õ, ƒ¢Tx†ý “¤ñX¶-†Ï -§ Ï ŒÕFq ÊÕ¢*
28 “X¾¬Áo©Õ …¢šÇªá.
骢œî Ÿ¿¬Á: „ç៿šË Ÿ¿¬Á©ð …Bh-ª½Õ-©g -Êãj -„Ã-JÂË L•-E¢’û Ââ“X¾-å£Ç-ʯ¥ þ X¾K¹~ Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²Ähª½Õ. ƒC ƪ½|ÅŒ X¾K¹~ «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ. ƒ¢Ÿ¿Õ©ð ’¹˜-Âãd ˈÅä
ÆŸä-ªîV Âõ¯çq-L¢-’ûÂ¹× XÏ©Õ-²Ähª½Õ.
«- âœî Ÿ¿¬Á: åXj 骢œ¿Õ Ÿ¿¬Á©ðx …Bh-ª½Õ-©g Êãj Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× 8 „êé “XÏX-ê¾ ª-{K ÂÕq©ð “X¾„¬ä Á¢ ¹Lp-²Ähª½Õ. ƒ¢Ÿ¿Õ©ð ‰šÌ «ªýˆ-³ÄXý Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²Ähª½Õ.
DEo N•-§ŒÕ-«¢-ÅŒ¢’à X¾ÜJh-Í-®ä -ÊÏ -„Ã-Jê ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.-š.Ë ©ð “X¾„¬ä Á¢ ©Gµ-®¾Õh¢C.
* °‚-ªý-¨©ð “X¾A¦µ¼ ¹Ê-¦-ª-*½ -Ê-„Ã-JÂË „ç៿šË Ÿ¿¬Á ÊÕ¢*, šðåX¶-©ü©ð «Õ¢* ²òˆª½Õ …¢˜ä 骢œî Ÿ¿¬Á X¾K¹~ ÊÕ¢* NÕÊ-£¾É-ªá¢X¾Û ƒ²Ähª½Õ.
‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. X¶-V
Ô -©Õ Âí-¢-Íç¢ ‡Â¹×ˆ-«-’ïä -…-ÊoX¾p-šÂË Ì “X¾„¬ä Á¢ ²ÄCµ¢-*Ê Æ¦µ¼u-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× ¦Çu¢Â¹×©Õ ª½ÕºÇ©Õ «Õ¢Wª½Õ Í䮾Õh-¯Ão-§ŒÕE ÂÕq œÎ¯þ
“¤ñåX¶-®ª¾ ý ‡¢. ¡E-„Ã-®-ª¾ Ã«Û ÅçL-¤Äª½Õ.
Ÿ¿ª-‘½ Ç®¾Õh NŸµÄÊ¢
*www.msitprogram.net ŸÄyªÃ ‚¯þ-©-¯ãj þ©ð Ÿ¿ª-‘½ Ç®¾Õh Íä§ÕŒ -«ÍŒÕa. ©äŸÄ Ÿ¿ª-‘½ Ç-®¾Õh-©ÊÕ œö¯þ-©ðœþ Í䮾Õ-¹×E ¤ò®¾Õd ŸÄyªÃ X¾¢XÏ¢-Í-«Œ ÍŒÕa.
* „ÃÂú ƒ¯þ ‡¢“{¯þq: 23 „äÕ 2009 «ª½Â¹×
* Ÿ¿ª-‘
½ Ç®¾Õh Í䧌Õ-œÄ-EÂË *«-J-ÅDä : 18 „äÕ

3 of 6 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain4

* “X¾„¬ä Á X¾K¹~: 24 „äÕ * X¶L¾ -ÅéÕ: 1 W¯þ


* “XÏX-ê¾ ª-{K ÂÕq “¤Äª½¢¦µ¼¢: 29 W¯þ
* „çÕªá¯þ ÂÕq “¤Äª½¢¦µ¼¢: 24 ‚’¹®Õ¾ d ÊÕ¢*
* ƒÅŒª½ N«-ªÃ-©Â¹×... 040Ð 65881971, 23001970

-…-Ÿîu’Ã-EÂË ®Ï-Ÿ¿ĺ¢’Ã..!
“X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ ®¾¢Â~¼ X¾J-®-ÅÏn ŒÕ©ðx …Ÿîu’¹¢ ©Gµ¢-ÍEŒ H˜ãÂú, ƒÅŒª½ NŸÄu-ª½Õ©n Õ …ÊoÅŒ ÂÕq©Õ Í䧌՜¿¢ «Õ¢*
“X¾ÅÃu-«Öo§ŒÕ¢. ÅŒŸÄyªÃ ¦µ¼N-†¾uÅŒÕh éÂJ-§ŒÕ-ªýÂ¹× Æ«-®-ª¾ -„½ çÕÊi ²Ä«Õ-ªÃnu-©ÊÕ, ƪ½|-Å-©Œ ÊÕ åX¢¤ñ¢-C¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-«ÍŒÕa.
«ÕSx …Ÿîu-’é «Ö骈šü „çÕª½Õ-é’-Êj -X¾Ûpœ¿Õ ¤òšÌ©ð «á¢Ÿ¿Õ¢-œ-š¿ Ç-EÂË ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. ©Ç¢šË ÂÕq©Õ ¦Ç’Ã
…X¾-§çÖ-’¹-X-œ¾ -Å¿ êá. ®¾¦Âãb- ¹×-Åd î-¤Ä{Õ ²ÄX¶ý-®d ψ©üq Æ¢¬Ç©ðx ÆÅŒÕu-ÅŒh«Õ P¹~º ¨ ÂÕq©ð ©Gµ-®¾Õh¢C.
Ð “¤ñåX¶-®ª¾ ý ‡¢. ¡E-„Ã-®-ª¾ ëÛ
œÎ¯þ, ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË.
‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. 2007Ð09 ¦ÇuÍý æXx®ý-„çÕ¢{Õx “X¾®¾ÕhÅ¢Œ ÂíÊ-²Ä-’¹Õ-ÅŒÕ-¯Ãoªá.
ƒX¾p-š-«Ë -ªÂ½ ¹× •J-TÊ æXx®ý-„çÕ¢{Õx, ƒ¢{-ªýo-†-XÏ ý© N«-ªÃ©Õ...

4 of 6 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain4

-‰-šÌ -¯Xä -Ÿ¾ µ¿u¢ Âù-¤òªá-¯Ã...


¯äÊÕ ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. 骢œî ®¾¢«-ÅŒqª½¢ ÍŒŸ¿Õ-«Û-ÅŒÕ-¯ÃoÊÕ. ¯ÃC ‰šÌ ¯äXŸ¾ µ¿u¢ Âù-¤ò-ªá¯Ã ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË.
ŸÄyªÃ ²ÄX¶ý-„d ªä ý ª½¢’¹¢©ð “X¾„-Pä ¢-Í-’Œ ¹-L-’ÃÊÕ. Âêíp-ꪚü …Ÿîu’¹ °NÅŒ¢ ‡©Ç …¢{Õ¢-Ÿ-¯¿ Cä
‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. ÂÕq Íä®Õ¾ h-Êo-XÛ¾ pœä Åç©Õ-®Õ¾ -Âî-«ÍŒÕa. ƒX¾Ûp-œ¿ÕÊo ®¾¢Â~¼ X¾J-®-ÅÏn ŒÕ-©ðxÊÖ ¨ ÂÕq ŸÄyªÃ
šÌ®-‡Ô -®ý©ð …Ÿîu’¹¢ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-’Œ ¹-L-’ÃÊÕ.
Ð “X¾Oºý ¹ÊÕ-«Õ-ª-X½x ¾ÜœË
²ÄX¶ýd ®Ïˆ-©üq-©ð -“¤Ä-O-ºu¢

5 of 6 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain4

«- Ö-C -¯-©ç Öxª½Õ ->-©Çx ®Ô-ÅêÃ-«ÕX¾Ûª½¢. “’ÃOÕº “¤Ä¢ÅŒ¢ ÊÕ¢* ªÃ«-œ¿¢Åî ²ÄX¶ý-®d ψ©üq Æ¢¬Ç©ðx Âí¢ÅŒ
„çÊÕ-¹-¦-œÄfÊÕ. “X¾®¾ÕhÅŒ¢ ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. „ç៿šË ®¾¢«-ÅŒqª½¢ ÍŒŸ¿Õ-«Û-ÅŒÕ-¯ÃoÊÕ. ¨ ÂÕq-©ðE “’¹ÖXý œË®¾ˆ-
†¾ÊÕx, ÍŒª½a©Õ, “åXèã¢-˜-†ä -¯¾ þ© ŸÄyªÃ ²ÄX¶ý-®d ψ©üq N†¾-§ÕŒ ¢©ð ‚ÅŒt-N-¬Çy®¾¢ \ª½p-œË¢C. ƒX¾Ûpœ¿Õ
‡¢ÅŒ-«Õ¢-C©ð …¯Ão ƒ¢Tx-†ý©ð ¦Ç’à «ÖšÇx-œ-’¿ ¹-©Õ-’¹Õ-ÅŒÕ-¯ÃoÊÕ.
Ð ªÃèä-¬ÁyJ Ê¢Ÿ¿¢-
-\-NÕ -Í-§
ä ŒÕ’¹-©-«Õ-¯-Cä - -«á-Èu¢!
ÅŒª-’½ ¹-A©ð ¯äª½Õa-¹×Êo Æ¢¬Ç-©ÊÕ ‚ÍŒ-ª-º½ ©ð åX{d-œÄ-EÂË ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.šË. «Õ¢* Æ«-ÂìÁ¢ ¹Lp¢-*¢C.
„çNj -Ÿµ¿u-„çÕÊi X¾E „ÃÅÃ-«-ªº½ ¢, ‚ÍŒ-ª-º½ Ç-ÅŒt¹ ²ÄŸµÊ¿ , ‰šÌÂË ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢-*Ê ÆEo Æ¢¬Ç©ðx ¯çXj ¾Ûºu¢ «©x '\šÌ
Æ¢œþ šÌÑ©ð …Ÿîu’¹¢ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-’Œ ¹-L-’ÃÊÕ. '¯äÊÕ \NÕ ¯äª½Õa-¹×-¯Ão-Ê¯ä ŸÄE-¹¢˜ä ¯äÊÕ \NÕ Í䧌Õ-’¹-©ÊÕÑ Æ¯äC
¨ ÂÕq ŸÄyªÃ Åç©Õ-®Õ¾ -Âî-«ÍŒÕa.
Ð ªÃX¶¾Õ-„䢓Ÿ¿ ©ÂÈ-¹ש
ÂÕq-©ð -…¢-œ’¿ Ã-¯ä -…-Ÿîu’¹¢...
H˜ã-Âú©ð ²ÄŸµÄ-ªº½ «Öª½Õˆ©ä ²ÄCµ¢-ÍÃÊÕ. Âí¯Ão@ÁÙx HXÔ‹ ¹¢åX-F©ð X¾E-Í-¬ä ÇÊÕ. NŸÄu-ª½|ÅŒ åX¢ÍŒÕ-
¹ע-ŸÄ-«ÕE ‡¢.‡-®ý.-‰.-š.Ë ©ð ÍäªÃÊÕ. ²Ä¢êÂ-A-¹¢’Ã, “¤ñåX¶-†-ʾ -©ü’Ã Â¹ØœÄ “¤ÄOºu¢ ²ÄCµ¢-Í-’Œ ¹-L-’ÃÊÕ.
ÂÕq *«J \œÄ-C©ð …¢œ¿-’ïä '\šÌ Æ¢œþ šÌÑ©ð …Ÿîu’¹¢ «*a¢C.
Ð ®¾Õꪆý P³Ädx

Chaduvu Main

6 of 6 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain5

Last Updation on 4th May 2009; Updated Every Monday

'GšüqÑ©ð ‚X¶ýÐ-ÂÃu¢-X®¾ ý “¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ©Õ

…Ÿîu’¹¢ Í䮾Öh NŸÄu-ª½|ÅŒ åX¢ÍŒÕ-Âî-«-œ¿¢-Åî-¤Ä{Õ, «ÕJEo «Õ¢* Æ«-ÂÃ-¬Ç-©ÊÕ Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-Âî-«-œÄ-EÂË ‚X¶ýÐ-ÂÃu¢-X®¾ ý “¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ©Õ ÍÃ©Ç …X¾-§çÖ-
’¹-X-œ¾ -Å¿ êá. ²ÄŸµÄ-ªº½ Ÿ¿Öª½-NŸ¿u ÂÕq-©-¹¢˜ä ‚X¶ýÐ-ÂÃu¢-X®¾ ý ÂÕq©Õ “X¾«Ö-ºÇ© X¾ª½¢’à „çÕª½Õ-é’-Êj -«E ÍçX¾p-«ÍŒÕa. NŸä-¬Ç©ðx ¦Ç’à “¤ÄÍŒÕ-ª½u¢©ð
…¢œä ‚X¶ýÐ ÂÃu¢X¾®ý “¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ-©ÊÕ «ÕÊ-Ÿ-¬ä Á¢-©ðE “X¾«áÈ ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û NŸÄu-®¾¢®¾n GªÃx ƒE-®-{Ïd Öušü ‚X¶ý ˜ãÂÃo-©° Æ¢œþ å®j¯çq®ý (GšüqÐ-
XÏ-©ÇF) Â¹ØœÄ Æ¢C-²òh¢C.
˜ãÂËo-¹©ü, å®j¯þq, ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û œË“U, œË¤ñx-«Ö©Õ …Êo …Ÿîu-’¹Õ©Õ, ƒÅŒª½ Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n Â¹× Gšüq Ưä¹ ‚X¶ýÐ-ÂÃu¢-X®¾ ý “¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ-©ÊÕ Æ¢C-²òh¢C.
ÆÅŒÕu-ÊoÅŒ “X¾«Ö-ºÇ©Õ ¤ÄšË¢Íä ®¾¢®¾’n à æXª½ÕÊo Gšüq, Íç¯çjo-©ðE ¬Á¢Â¹ª½ ¯ä“ÅÃ-©§ŒÕ, «Õ“ŸÄ®ý „çÕœË-¹©ü NÕ†¾¯þ, “¤¶Ä¢šË-§ŒÕªý ©ãXj ¶ý-©¯ãj þ, ‡My
“X¾²ÄŸþ ‰ ƒE-®-{Ïd Öušü ®¾£¾Ç-ÂÃ-ª½¢Åî ¨ “¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ-©ÊÕ Eª½y-£ÏÇ-²òh¢C. ƒ¢{-Kt-œ-§ Ë ÕŒ šü, œË¤ñx«Ö Íä®-ÊÏ „- Ã-JÂË Â¹ØœÄ ÂÕq©Õ Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¦Ç-{Õ©ð

1 of 3 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain5

…¯Ãoªá.
“¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ© N«-ªÃ©Õ...
1. G.‡®ý. ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û ˜ãÂÃo-©°: ˜ãÂoË -¹©ü œË¤ñx«Ö ’¹© …Ÿîu-’¹Õ©Õ ©äŸÄ ¹F®¾¢ 骢œä@ÁÙx \Ÿç¯j à ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û X¾J-“¬Á-«Õ©ð ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼«¢ …Êo
G.‡-®ý®.Ï “’Ãœ¿Õu-§äÕ{Õx ƪ½Õ|©Õ.
2. G.‡®ý. ‚¤òd-„çÕ“šÌ: ‡¢XÔ®/Ô ¦ãXj ®Ô Ô “’¹ÖXý-©Åî ƒ¢{-Kt-œ-§ Ë ÕŒ šü
3. G.‡®ý. X¶>Ï -†-§Ï ŒÕ¯þ Æ®Ï-å®d¢šü: ¦ãXj ®Ô /Ô ‡¢XÔ®Ô “’¹ÖXý-©Åî ƒ¢{-Kt-œ-§ Ë ŒÕšü
4. ‡¢.‡®ý. «ÖÊÕu-¤¶Äu-¹a-J¢’û „äÕ¯ä-èü-„çÕ¢šü: Gšüq Æ¢C¢Íä ƒ¢˜ã-“ê’-˜œã þ X¶®¾ ýd œË“U ©äŸÄ ƒÅŒª½ G.ƒ./ ‡¢.‡-®ý-®.Ï -Åî-¤Ä{Õ ƒ¢>-F-J¢’û
X¾J-“¬Á-«Õ©ð ¹F®¾¢ \œÄC ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼«¢
5. ‡¢.‡®ý. ²ÄX¶ý-„d ªä ý ®Ï®„¾d þÕq: Gšüq-©ðE ƒ¢˜ã-“ê’-˜œã þ X¶®¾ ýd œË“U ©äŸÄ G.ƒ/ ‡¢.‡-®ý-®.Ï -Åî-¤Ä{Õ ‰šÌ ª½¢’¹¢©ð ¹F®¾¢ \œÄC ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼«¢
6. ‡¢.‡®ý. ÂÃyLšÌ „äÕ¯ä-èü-„çÕ¢šü: Gšüq ƒ¢˜ã-“ê’-˜œã þ X¶®¾ ýd œË“U ©äŸÄ G.ƒ. / ‡¢.‡-®ý-®.Ï -Åî-¤Ä{Õ ÂÃyLšÌ, ÆÊÕ-¦¢Ÿµ¿ ª½¢’éðx ®¾¢«-ÅŒqª½¢
ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼«¢
7. ‡¢.‡®ý. ¹Êq-©Fãd q „äÕ¯ä-èü-„çÕ¢šü: Gšüq ƒ¢˜ã-“ê’-˜œã þ X¶®¾ ýd œË“U ©äŸÄ G.ƒ./ ‡¢.‡-®ý-®.Ï -Åî-¤Ä{Õ Â¹Êq-©Fãd q, ÆÊÕ-¦¢Ÿµ¿ N¦µÇ-’éðx \œÄC
ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼«¢. ‡¢.Ââ./ \®Ô\/ \®Ô-‡®ý Ʀµ¼u-ª½Õ-©n ÊÕ Â¹ØœÄ X¾J-’¹-º-Ê-©ðÂË B®¾Õ-¹ע-šÇª½Õ.
8. ‡¢.‡®ý. „çÕœË-¹©ü ©Çu¦ï-êª-{K ˜ãÂÃo-©°: ¦§ŒÖ-©°, éÂNÕ®ÔZ ®¾¦Âãb- ¹×-©d Åî G.‡-®ý®.Ï
9. ‡¢.X¶©Ï ü. ‚¤òd-„çÕ“šÌ: Gšüq Æ¢C¢Íä G.‡®ý. ‚¤òd-„Õç “šÌ ©äŸÄ ŸÄEÂË ®¾«Ö-Ê-„Õç Êi œË“U
10. ‡¢.X¶©Ï ü. £¾É®Ïp-{©ü Æ¢œþ å£Ç©üh ®Ï®„¾d þÕq „äÕ¯äè- ü-„çÕ¢šü: ‡¢.G.-G.-‡®ý. Íä®ÊÏ …Ÿîu-’¹Õ©Õ/ Gšüq Æ¢C¢Íä ƒ¢˜ã-“ê’-˜œã þ X¶®¾ ýd œË“U ©äŸÄ
G.ƒ./ ‡¢.‡-®ý-®.Ï -Åî-¤Ä{Õ æXª½ÕÊo „çŸj ¿u-®¾¢-®©¾n ðx \œÄC ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼«¢
* Gšüq XÏ©ÇF „ç¦ü-å®jšü www.bits-pilani.ac.inÊÕ¢* Ÿ¿ª-‘½ Ç-®Õ¾ h©Õ œö¯þ-©ðœþ Í䮾Õ-Âî-«ÍŒÕa.
* X¾ÜJh-Í-®ä ÊÏ Ÿ¿ª-‘½ Ç-®¾Õh©Õ Íäª-œ½ Ä-EÂË *«-J-Å-Dä ©Õ...
* “¤ò“’ÄþÕ 10ÂË: 12 „äÕ 2009
* 1,4,5,6,7 “¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ-©Â¹×: 3 W¯þ 2009
* 2,3,8,9 “¤ò“’Ã-„þÕ-©Â¹×: 20 W¯þ 2009

2 of 3 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain5

Chaduvu Main

3 of 3 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain6

Last Updation on 4th May 2009; Updated Every Monday


Test Your Proficiency
On a train Æ¢˜ä...?
ƒ¢Tx†ý ¦µÇ†¾©ð OÕ X¾J-èÇc-¯ÃEo X¾J-Q-L¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-„Ã-©E …¢ŸÄ? ƪáÅä ƒÂ¹ˆœî ÂËyèü ƒ®¾Õh¯Ão¢. X¾ÜJh-Í®ä ,Ï OÕ ®¾«Ö-ŸµÄ-¯Ã-©ÊÕ
'ÂÌÑÅî ®¾J-¤ò-©Õa-ÂË.
I Choose the correct sentences:
01) A. I was not interested in knowing what he was doing for a living
B. I was not interested to know what he was doing for a living
C. I am not interested to know what he is doing for a living
D. How was I interested in knowing what he is doing for a living

02) A. Dr Kalam is the person who I am trying to meet for a long time
B. Dr Kalam is the person who I have been trying to meet for a long time
C. Dr Kalam is the person whom I have been trying to meet for a long time
D. No other person I like to meet so much as I do Dr Kalam

03) A. 'I don't like the way he talks' 'I do not also'
B. 'I don't like the way he talks' 'I also don't'
C. 'I don't like the way he talks' 'Nor do I'
D. 'I am not liking the way he talks' 'Nor am I liking'

04) A. They are much taken by the cute baby


B. They are much taken in by the cute baby
C. Why are they so taken in by the baby? Is it so cute?
D. They are a lot taken with the cute baby

05) A. I met him for the first time on a train


B. I met him for the first time in a train
C. I met him for the first time by a train

1 of 4 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain6

D. I met him for the first time by train

II Choose one word which can express the meaning of the group of words below:
06) A person addicted to alcoholic drinks
A. Gambler B. Aesthete C. Monomaniac D. Dipsomaniac

07) Trade without competition


A. Oligopoly B. Monopoly C. Sovereignty D. Supremacy

08) To use vulgar language against god


A. Euphony B. Abuse C. Curse D. Blaspheme

09) A total change in the ways of life of a society/ of government


A. Revolution B. Rebellion C. Revolt D. Mutiny

10) A Person new to something


A. Veteran B. Novice C. Junior D. Amateur
Key: 01 A 02 B 03 C 04 D 05 A 06 C 07 B 08 D 09 A 10 B

N«-ªº½ ƒC’î...
01 Answer A: ÆÅŒÊÕ °«-¯Ã-EÂË \¢ Í䮾Öh¢-œ-„ä Ãœî Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-Âî-„Ã-©¯ä ‚®¾ÂËh ¯ÃÂ¹× ©äŸ¿Õ, ÆE sentence ¦µÇ«¢. Interested ÅŒªÃyÅŒ ‡X¾Ûpœ¿Ö
in+ noun/...ing form «®¾Õh¢C. (Interested in music (noun)/(Interested in singing (...ing form). Interested ÅŒªÃyÅŒ to know
ªÃŸ¿Õ. (interested in knowing Æ¢šÇ¢).
Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-«©x B and C wrong. D©ð How was I interested (¯ÃꢚËinterest?) ƯäC main clause. ƒ¢Ÿ¿Õ©ð verb was, past tense.
Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹E subordinate clause, what... ©ðE verb Â¹ØœÄ past tense©ð …¢œÄL. ÂÃF ƒÂ¹ˆœ¿ what he is doing ÆE present tense©ð
…¢C. ÂæšËd D wrong.
02 Answer B (= ¯äÊÕ ÍéÇ-ÂÃ-©¢’à ¹©Õ-®¾Õ-Âî-„Ã-©E “X¾§ŒÕ-Ao-®Õ¾ hÊo «uÂËh Dr. ¹©Ç¢). ÍéÇ-ÂÃ-©¢’à •ª½Õ-’¹Õ-ÅŒÕÊo X¾EÂË, have been +...ing
form «®¾Õh¢C. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹E A wrong. ÍéÇ-ÂÃ-©¢’à ¯äÊÕ Â¹©Õ-®Õ¾ -Âî-„Ã-©E “X¾§ŒÕ-Ao-®Õ¾ hÊo «uÂËhÐ ¨ ƪ½n¢Åî whom I have been trying to...
„Ãœ¿-«ÍŒÕa. ƪáÅä ƒX¾Ûpœ¿Õ Whom (‡«-éªjoÅä) „Ãœ¿{¢ ÍÃ©Ç ÅŒÂ¹×ˆ«. ŸÄŸÄX¾Û ©äŸ¿Õ. Whom „Ãœä ÍéÇ-Íî{x 'who' „Ãœ¿{¢ correct.
Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹E C, wrong. Sentence No other ©Ç¢šË „ÚËÅî “¤Äª½¢-G¢µ -*-Ê-X¾Ûœ¿Õ, No other person I like to ÆÊÕª½Õ. No other person do I
like... Æ¢šÇ¢. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-«©x D Â¹ØœÄ wrong.

2 of 4 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain6

03. Answer C. ÆÅŒÊÕ «ÖšÇx-œ-Nä Ÿµ¿¢ ¯ÃÂ¹× ÊÍŒaŸ¿Õ, ÆE ŠÂ¹-ª½¢˜ä, '¯Ã¹؈œÄ ÊÍŒaŸ¿ÕÑ ÆE ƒ¢Âí-¹-ª-ʽ {¢ ƒC. ƒ¢ÅŒÂ¹× «á¢Ÿ¿Õ ÍéÇ-²Äª½Õx
Íç¤Äp¢, NotÅî also ªÃŸ¿Õ ÆE. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹E B wrong. LikeÊÕ am liking/is liking/ are liking form©ð „Ãœ¿¢. Like/ likes Ưä Æ¢šÇ¢.
Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-«©x D wrong.
04. Answer D. Be taken with = attracted by/ ‚¹-J-Å
¥ ŒÕ-©-«{¢. cute = ‚¹-ª-º½¥ -§
Ì ŒÕ¢’à …Êo. taken, Taken by, Taken in - OšËÂÌ
‚¹-J-Å¥ ŒÕ-©-«{¢ Ưä ƪ½n¢ ªÃŸ¿Õ. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹E A, B and C wrong.

05. Answer A. Train ©ðX¾© …¢œ¿-šÇEo on train Æ¢šÇ¢. In train ªÃŸ¿Õ. By train = 骩
j ðx “X¾§ŒÖ-ºË¢-Í{Œ ¢. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-«©x B, C and D
wrong.

06. Answer C. ¦Ç’à ÅÃ’¹Õ-œ¿ÕÂ¹× Æ©-„Ã{ÕX¾œ,Ë ÆC ©ä¹ע˜ä ©äE „Ã@ÁÊx Õ, Dipsomaniac Æ¢šÇ¢. A) Gambler = WŸ¿J B) Aesthete =
²ù¢Ÿ¿ª½u ¤ò†¾-¹שÕ/ ª½®-ÂÏ ¹×©Õ
07. Answer B. \ ¤òšÌ ©äE „Ãu¤Äª½¢.
A = ŠÂ¹ „Ãu¤Äª½¢ OÕŸ¿ ÂíEo company©Õ «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ ‚Cµ-XÅ
¾ Œu¢ ¹L_ …¢œ¿{¢. C = ²Äª½y-¦µ÷-«ÕÅŒu¢ (X¾ÜJh æ®yÍŒa´ …Êo ¤Ä©-¹שÕ/
“X¾¦µ¼ÕÅŒy¢)
D = ‚Cµ-XÅ ¾ Œu¢
08. Answer D = Ÿä«Ûœ¿Õ/ Ÿä«ÅŒ©ÊÕ Æ®¾¦¼µu X¾ŸÄ-©Åî Ÿ¿Ö†Ï¢-ÍœŒ ¿¢. A = N¯ä¢-Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ƒ¢X¾Û’à …¢œä ¬Á¦Çl©Õ. B = A{dœ¿¢/ Ÿ¿Ö†Ï¢-ÍœŒ ¿¢ C=
¬ÇX¾¢.
09. Answer A (NX¾«
x ¢ Ð ®¾«Ö-•X¾Û X¾Ÿ-Å¿ĺ ÕŒ ©ðx ƒÍäa åXÊÕ «Öª½Õp Ð «Ö«â-©Õ’à Âî¾h Ÿöª½Êb- u¢Åî) B = C = D Aª½Õ-’¹Õ-¦Ç{Õ.

10. Answer: B. (ŸäE-é¯


jÃÂíÅŒh ƪá-Ê-„Ã@ÁÙ)x A = ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼-«-¬ÇL. C = (ƒ¢Âí-¹-J-¹¯Ão) Ō¹׈« ÆÊÕ-¦µ¼«¢ ¹©-„Ã@ÁÙ.x D = œ¿¦Õs Â¢
ÂùעœÄ …ÅÃq£¾Ç¢ «©x \Ÿç¯j à Íäæ®-„ê½Õ/ »ÅÃq-£ÏÇ-¹שÕ
Ð ‡¢. ®¾Õêª-¬Á¯þ

3 of 4 5/4/2009 5:34
Welcome to Eenadu - Education Special http://eenadu.net/specialpages/sp-edumain.asp?qry=sp-edumain6

Chaduvu Main

4 of 4 5/4/2009 5:34