Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 27

Okay: notebook Same case in one section

Preamble
Article I: The National Territory 1. R.A. 9255 or the New Baselines Law of 2009 Hadzir Ahmad 2. 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea Shirlyn Montealto and Teddy kahil 3. Reagan v. Commissioner, 30 SCRA 968 Marivic Francisco 4. People v. Gozo, 53 SCRA 476 Lloyd Ballaho, Roel Marcial and Kirsty Sarita Article II: Declaration of Principles and State Policies 5. Legal Value of Article II Marie Machete and Analyn Bongabong 6. Tondo Medical v. CA, 527 SCRA 746 (2007) Rosemary Sabtal and Alnashrip Arola 7. Bases Conversion and Development Authority v. Commission on Audit, 580 SCRA 295 Jhemhar ombra and Abdulnasser Masillam Section 1. Philippines as a Democratic and Republican State 8. In re Letter of Associate Justice Puno, 210 SCRA 588 Dhelmer Diadula and Absar Hassan 9. Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 104768, July 21, 2003 Allan Taga-oc and Marti Gregorio 10. Co Kim Cham v. Valdez Tan Keh, 75 PHIL 113 (1945) Jacqueline Repana 11. ACCFA v. CUGCO, 30 SCRA 649 (1969) Suharto Sua, Allan Tamayao and Danilo Dinopol 12. PHHC v Court of Industrial Relations, 150 SCRA 296 Ariel Cabanlong 13. Spouses Fontanilla v. Hon. Maliaman, GR Nos. 55963, February 27, 1991 Reden Guisadio 14. People v. Gozo, 53 SCRA 476 (1973) Jailon Ottong Section 2. Generally Accepted Principles of International Law 15. Agustin v. Edu, 88 SCRA 195 Nur Melyn Irin 16. JBL Reyes v. Bagatsing, GR No. 65366, October 25, 1983 Sherlyn Saladaga 17. Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997) Hazel Dalus 18. Bayan v. Zamora, GR 138570, October 10, 2000 Bea Flauta 19. Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR 151445, April 11, 2002 Fatima Jajurie 20. Mijares v. Ranada, GR 139325, April 12, 2005 Eduard Estandian 21. Shangri-La v. Developers, GR 159938, March 31, 2006 Ebno Maruhom 22. Pharmaceutical v. DOH, GR 173034, October 9, 2007 John Cundo Section 3. Civilian Supremacy and AFP Role 23. IBP v. Zamora, 338 SCRA 81 (2000) Ralph Mendoza Section 4. Duty of Government to the People Section 5. Maintenance of Peace and Order Section 6. Separation of Church and State

Section 7. Independent Foreign Policy 24. Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR 151445, April 11, 2002 - Feliciano Beldad Section 8. Freedom from Nuclear Weapons 25. Bayan v. Zamora, GR 138570, October 10, 2000 Alizher Ynawat Section 9. Social Order Section 10. Social Justice Section 11. Personal Dignity and Human Rights Section 12. Family Life; Mother; Unborn 26. Roe v. Wade, 410 US 113 (1973) Cyrile Casil 27. Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 US 390 (1922) - Ilhamna Amilussin 28. Pierce v. Society of Sisters, 262 US 510 (1925) - Ma Katrina Tanjusay 29. Wisconsin v. Yoder 40 LW 4476 (1972) - Jo Ann Solatorio 30. Ginsberg v. New York, 390 US 629 (1968) - Ezekiel Magtangob Section 13. Vital Role of Youth Section 14. Role of Women and Equality of Men and Women Section 15. Right to Health Section 16. Right to a Balanced and Healthful Ecology 31. Oposa v. Factoran, 224 SCRA 792 (1993) - Hasim Sali 32. LLDA v. CA, 231 SCRA 292 (1994) and 251 SCRA 42 (1995) - El Shal Sali 33. MMDA v. Residents of Manila Bay, GR No. 171947, December 18, 2008 - Agil Jamsiron Section 17. Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports Section 18. Labor Protection Section 19. Self-Reliant and Independent National Economy 34. Garcia v. BOI, 191 SCRA 288 (1990) - Carmelo Manalo 35. Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997) - Regie Bangayan Section 20. Role of Private Sector Section 21. Promotion of Comprehensive Rural and Agrarian Policy Section 22. Promotion of Rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities Section 23. Community-Based Private Organizations Section 24. Vital Role of Communications

Section 25. Local Economy Section 26. Equal Access to Political Opportunities and Political Dynasties 36. Pamatong v. COMELEC, 427 SCRA 96 (2004) - Sherhamin Sahi Section 27. Honesty and Integrity in Public Service Section 28. Full Public Disclosure

Article VI: The Legislative Department Section 1. Legislative Power; Non-Delegation 37. Araneta v. Gatmaitan, 101 PHIL 328 (1957) Hadzir H. Ahmad 38. Rubi v. Provincial Board, 39 PHIL 660 (1918-1919) Hadzir H. Ahmad 39. People v. Maceren, 79 SCRA 450 (1977) Hadzir H. Ahmad 40. Eastern Shipping Lines v. POEA, 166 SCRA 533 (1988) Bea Flautea 41. Tablarin v. Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730 (1987) Bea Flautea 42. Cebu Oxygen Acetylene Co. v. Drilon, 176 SCRA 24 (1989) Bea Flautea 43. Osmena v. Orbos, 220 SCRA 703 Fatima Jajurie 44. Chiongbian v. Orbos, 245 SCRA 253 (1995) Fatima Jajurie 45. Rodrigo v. Sandiganbayan, 309 SCRA 661 - Fatima Jajurie 46. People v. Vera, 65 PHIL 56 (1937-1938) Shirlyn Daguio 47. Solicitor General v. MMA, 204 SCRA 837 (1991) Shirlyn Daguio 48. Abakada Guro Party List v. Purisima, 562 SCRA 251 Shirlyn Daguio 49. United States v. Ang Tang Ho, 43 Phil 1 Teddy Kahil 50. Employers Confederation v. National Wages and Productivity Commission, GR No. 9619 Teddy Kahil 51. People v. Rosenthal, 68 PHIL 328 Teddy Kahil 52. Agustin v. Edu, 88 SCRA 1 Eduard Estandian 53. Ynot v. IAC, 148 SCRA 659 - Eduard Estandian 54. United States v. Panlilio, 28 PHIL 608 - Eduard Estandian 55. Securities and Exchange Commission v. Interport Resources Corporation, 567 SCRA 354 - Marivic Francisco 56. Gerochi v. DENR, GR No. 159796, July 17, 2007 Marivic Francisco Maria Katrina Tanjusay 57. PSL Inc., v. LLDA 608 SCRA 442 Maria Katrina Tanjusay 58. People v. Que Po Lay, 94 Phil 640- Maria Katrina Tanjusay 59. People v. Dacuycuy, 173 SCRA 90 (1989) Cyrile Casil Section 2. Senate Composition

Section 3. Qualifications of Senator Section 4. Senator: Term of Office; Voluntary Renunciation Section 5. Composition of the House of Representatives; Apportionment; Party List 60. Tobias v. Abalos, 239 SCRA 106 (1994) Cyrile Casil 61. Mariano v. COMELEC, 242 SCRA 211 (1995) Cyrile Casil 62. Sema v. COMELEC, GR No. 177597, July 16, 2008 Lloyd Roland Ballaho 63. Bagabuyo v. COMELEC, GR No. 176970, December 8, 2008 Lloyd Rolad Ballaho 64. Aquino III v. COMELEC, GR No. 189793, April 17, 2010 Lloyd Rpoland Ballaho 65. Aldaba v. COMELEC, GR No. 188078, January 25, 2010 Roel Marcial 66. Ocampo v. HRET, GR No. 158466, June 15, 2004 Roel Marcial 67. Party List Ang Bagong Bayani v. COMELEC, 359 SCRA 698 (2001) Kirsty Sarita and Roel Marcial 68. VC Cadangen, et al v. COMELEC, GR No. 177179, June 5, 2009 Kirsty Sarita 69. Veterans Federation Party v. COMELEC, 342 SCRA 244 (2000) Kirsty Sarita 70. Partido v. COMELEC, GR No. 164702, March 15, 2006 Marie Jane Machete 71. Lokin, Jr. v. COMELEC, GR Nos. 179431-32, June 22, 2010 Marie Jane Machete

Section 6. Qualifications of Representatives Aquino v. COMELEC, 243 SCRA 400 (1995) Marie Jane Machete Marcos v. COMELEC, 248 SCRA 300 (1995) Analyn Bongabong Domino v. COMELEC, GR 134015 (July 19, 1999) ) Analyn Bongabong Maquera v. Boraa, 15 SCRA 7 ) Analyn Bongabong Social Justice Society v. Dangerous Drugs Board, GR No. 157870, November 3, 2008 Jo Ann Solatorio

Section 7. Term of Representatives Dimaporo v. Mitra, 202 SCRA 779 Jo Ann Solatorio Farinas v. Executive Secretary, GR 147387 (Dec. 10, 2003) Jo Ann Solatorio Quinto v. COMELEC, GR No. 189698, December 1, 2009 Ebno Maruhom

Section 8.Regular Elections Codilla v. De Venecia GR No. 150605, December 10, 2002 Ebno Maruhom Section 9. Special Elections Tolentino v. COMELEC, GR 148334, January 21, 2004 Ebno Maruhom Section 10. Salaries Philconsa v. Mathay, 18 SCRA 300 (1966) Rose Mary Sabtal Section 11. Privilege from Arrest; Parliamentary Freedom of Speech People v. Jalosjos, 324 SCRA 689 Rose Mary Sabtal Jimenez v. Cabangbang, 17 SCRA 876 (1966) Rose Mary Sabtal Antonino v. Valencia, 57 SCRA 70 Alnashrip Arola Pobre v. Defensor Santiago, AC No. 7399, August 25, 2009 Alnashrip Arola Section 12. Disclosure of Financial and Business Interests Section 13. Prohibitions on Members of Congress Liban v. Gordon, GR No. 175352, July 15, 2009 Alnashrip Arola Section 14. Prohibitions Related to the Practice of Profession Puyat v. De Guzman, 113 SCRA 31 Jhemhar Ombra Section 15. Regular Session; Special Session Section 16. Officers of Congress; Quorom; Discipline; Journal/Records (par. 1) Defensor-Santiago v. Guingona, GR 134577 November 18, 1998 Jhemhar Ombra (par. 1) Avelino v. Cuenco, 83 PHIL 17 (1949) Jhemhar Ombra (par. 2) People v. Jalosjos, 324 SCRA 689 Abdulnasser Masillan (par. 3) Arroyo v. De Venecia, 277 SCRA 268 (1997) Abdulnasser Masillan (par. 3) Osmena v. Pendatun, 109 PHIL 863 (1960) Abdulnasser Masillan

(par. 3) Santiago v. Sandiganbayan, 356 SCRA 636 Sherhamin Sahi (par. 4) US v. Pons, 34 PHIL 729 (1916) Sherhamin Sahi (par. 4) Casco Phil Commercial Co. v. Giminez, 7 SCRA 347 (1963) Sherhamin Sahi (par. 4) Astorga v. Villegas, 56 SCRA 714 (1974) John Cundo (par. 4) Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, 227 SCRA 703 John Cundo (par. 4) Abakada Guro Party List v. Ermita, 469 SCRA 1 John Cundo Section 17. Electoral Tribunal Angara v. Electoral Commission, 63 PHIL 134 (1936) Dhelmer P. Diadula Vera v. Avelino, 77 PHIL 192 (1946) Dhelmer P. Diadula Chavez v. COMELEC, 211 SCRA 315 (1992) Dhelmer P. Diadula Aquino v. COMELEC, 243 SCRA 400 (1995) Absar Hassan Abbas v. SET, 166 SCRA 651 (1988) Absar Hassan Bondoc v. Pineda, 201 SCRA 792 (1991) Absar Hassan Robles v. HRET, 181 SCRA 780 (1990) Alizher Ynawat Arroyo v. HRET, 246 SCRA 384 (1995) Alizher Ynawat Pimentel v. HRET, GR 141489 May 29, 2002 Alizher Ynawat Aggabao v. COMELEC, GR No. 163756, January 26, 2005 Allan Taga-oc Limkaichong v. COMELEC, GR No. 178831, April 2009 Allan Taga-oc Banat v. COMELEC, GR No. 177508, August 7, 2009 Allan Taga-oc Drilon, et al v. Speaker, GR No. 180055, July 31, 2009 - Marti Gregorio Guerrero v. COMELEC, GR No. 137004, July 26, 2000G - Marti Gregorio Garcia v. HRET, GR No. 134792, August 12, 1999 - Marti Gregorio Lazatin v. HET, GR No. 84297, December 8, 1988 Feliciano Beldad

Section 18. Commission on Appointments Daza v. Singson, 180 SCRA 496 (1989) Feliciano Beldad Coseteng v. Mitra, 187 SCRA 377 (1990) Feliciano Beldad Guingona v. Gonzales, 214 SCRA 789 (1992); MR, 219 SCRA 326 (1993) Jacqueline Repana Drilon, et al v. Speaker, GR No. 180055, July 31, 2009 Jacqueline Repana

Section 19. Constitutions of the Electoral Tribunal and the Commission on Appointments Section 20. Records and Books of Accounts Section 21. Inquiries in Aid of Legislation Bengzon v. Senate Blue Ribbon Committee, 203 SCRA 767 Jacqueline Repana Standard Charter v. Senate, GR No. 167173, December 27, 2007 Regie Bangayan Arnault v. Nazareno, 87 PHIL 25 (1990) - Regie Bangayan Sabio v. Gordon, 504 SCRA 704 October 17, 2006 - Regie Bangayan Senate Blue Ribbon Committee v. Majaducon, GR 136760 July 29, 2003 Ralph Mendoza Senate v. Ermita, 488 SCRA 1, GR 169777, April 20, 2006 Ralph Mendoza Neri v. Senate, 549 SCRA 771 Ralph Mendoza Neri v. Senate, 564 SCRA 152 Suharto Sua Garcillano v. House of Representatives, GR No. 170338, December 23, 2008 Suharto Sua Negros O II Elec. Coop v. Sangguniang Panlungsod, 155 SCRA 421 (1991) Suharto Sua Section 22. Appearance of Heads of Departments in Congress Section 23. Declaration of a State of War; Emergency Powers Section 24. Bills Originating in the House of Representatives Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, 235 SCRA 630 (1994) Allan Tamayao Alvarez v. Guingona, GR No. 118303, January 31, 1996 Allan Tamayao Guingona Jr. v. Carague, 196 SCRA 221 (1991) Allan Tamayao Section 25. Limits on Power to Appropriate (par. 2) Garcia v. Mata, 65 SCRA 517 (1975) Danilo Dinopol Demetria v. Alba, 148 SCRA 208 (1987) Danilo Dinopol (par. 5) Philconsa v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506 (1994) Danilo Dinopol (par. 5) Sanchez v. COA, 552 SCRA 471 Ariel Cabanlong

Section 26. Subject and Title of Bills; Three Readings (par. 1) Cordero v. Cabatuando, 6 SCRA 418 (1962) Ariel Cabanlong (par. 1) Philconsa v. Gimenez, 15 SCRA 479 (1965) Ariel Cabanlong (par. 1) Insular Lumber Company v. CTA, 104 SCRA 710 (1981) Agil Jamiron (par. 1) Philippine Judges Association v. Prado, 227 SCRA 703 (1993) Agil Jamiron Alalayan v. NPC, 24 SCRA 172 (1968) Agil Jamiron Tio v. Videogram Regulatory Board, 151 SCRA 208 (1987) El Shal Sali (par. 2) Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, 235 SCRA 630 (1994) El Shal Sali Tobias v. Abalos, 239 SCRA 106 (1994) El Shal Sali Banat v. COMELEC, GR No. 177508, August 7, 2009 Redenflor Guisado Section 27. Passage of bills; Item Veto CIR v. CTA, 185 SCRA 329 (1990) Redenflor Guisado Bolinao Electronics v. Valencia, 11 SCRA 486 (1964) Redenflor Guisado (par. 2) Gonzales v. Macaraig, 191 SCRA 452 (1990) Carmelo Manalo (par. 2) Philconsa v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506 (1994) Carmelo Manalo (par. 2) Bengzon v. Drilon, 208 SCRA 133 Carmelo Manalo Tanada v. Tuvera, 146 SCRA 446 (1986) Hasim Salih Section 28. Power of Taxation; Limitations; Exemptions Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Lingayen Gulf Electric Power Co., Inc, 164 SCRA 27 Hasim Salih Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, 235 SCRA 27 Hasim Salih Garcia v. Executive Secretary, GR 101273, July 3, 1992 Ezekiel Magtangob CIR v. Santos, GR No. 119252, August 18, 1997 Ezekiel Magtangob Southern Cross v. Philippine Cement GR No. 158540, July 8, 2004 Ezekiel Magtangob (par. 3) Abra Valley College v. Aquino, 162 SCRA 106 (1988) Julaiza Magtangob Lladoc v. CIR, 14 SCRA 292 Julaiza Magtangob Central Mindanao University v. DAR, GR 100091, October 22, 1992 Julaiza Magtangob Commissioner v. CA, GR 124043, October 14, 1998 Jailon Ottong

John Hay v. Lim, GR 19775, October 24, 2003 Jailon Ottong Systems Plus Computer College v. Caloocan City, GR No. 146382, August 7, 2003 Jailon Ottong Lung Center v. Quezon City, GR No. 144104, June 29, 2004 Ilhamna Amilussin & Jezrill Kinang Planters Products Inc v. Fertiphil Corp, GR No. 166006, March 14, 2008 Ilhamna Amilussin & Jezrill Kinang Section 29. Fiscal Powers of Congress; Limitations; Special Funds Pascual v. Secretary of Public Works, 110 PHIL. 331, 1960-61 Ilhamna Amilussin & Jezrill Kinang Guingona v. Carague, 196 SCRA 221, 1991 Nur Melyn Irin, Hazel Shellane Dalus and Sherlyn Saladaga Gaston v. Republic Planters Bank, 158 SCRA 626, 1988 Nur Melyn Irin, Hazel Shellane Dalus and Sherlyn Saladaga Section 30. Appelate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court First Lepanto Ceramics v. CA, 237 SCRA 519, 1994 Sherlyn Saladaga and Nur Melyn Irin Section 32. Initiative and Referendum Garcia v. COMELEC, 237 SCRA 279, 1994 Hazel Shellane Dalus Article VII: Executive Department Section 1. Executive Power; Privileges; Immunities Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668, 1989; MR, 178 SCRA, 1989 Laurel v. Garcia 187 SCRA 797, 1990 Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452, 2001; MR, 356 SCRA 108, 2001 Soliven v. Makasiar, 167 SCRA 393, 1988 Senate v. Ermita, G.R. 169777, April 20, 2006 Akbayan v. Aquino, G.R. 170516, July 16 2008 Neri v. Senate, G.R. 180643, March 25, 2008; MR, Sept. 4, 2008 Prov. Of North Cotabato v. Government, G.R. No. 183591, Oct. 14, 2008 Philippine Constitution Association v. Enriquez, 235 SCRA 506 Webb v. De Leon, 247 SCRA 652 Senate v. Ermita, GR No. 169777, April 20, 2006 Neri v. Senate, GR No. 180643, March 25, 2008, September 4, 2008

Section 2. Qualifications Tecson v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 161434, March 3, 2004 Section 3. Vice President Section 4. Election and Canvass Macalintal v. COMELEC, GR No. 157013, July 10, 2003 Lopez v. Senate and House, GR No. 163556, June 8, 2004 Pimentel v. Joint Canvassing Committee, June 22, 2004 Macalintal v. PET, GR No. 191618, November 23, 2010 Fernando Poe, Jr. v. Arroyo, PET Case No. 002, March 29, 2005 Legarda v. De Castro, PET Case No. 003, March 31, 2005 Defensor-Santiago v. Ramos, PET Case No. 001, February 13, 1996 Section 5. Oath Section 6. Official Residence; Salary Section 7. Vacancy at the Beginning of the Term of the Presidency Section 8. Vacancy During the Term of the Presidency Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452, 2001; MR, 356 SCRA 108, 2001 Lozano, et al v. Macapagal-Arroyo, February 6, 2001 Section 9. Vacancy in the Vice Presidency Section 10. Vacancies in Both the Presidency and the Vice Presidency Section 11. Incapacity of the President Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452, 2001; MR, 356, SCRA 108, 2001 Section 12. Serious Illness of the President Section 13. Prohibitions Civil Liberties Union v. Executive Secretary, 194 SCRA 317, 1991 Doromal v. Sandiganbayan, 177 SCRA 354, 1989 Flores v. Drilon, 223 SCRA 568, 1993 Bitonio v. COA, G.R. no. 147392, March 12, 2004 Public Interest Group v. Elma, GR No. 138965, June 30, 2006 Section 14. Appointments of Acting President Section 15. Prohibited Appointments In Re Appointments of Valenzuela and Vallarta, AM No. 98-5-01-SC, Nov. 9, 1998 De la Rama v. CA, G.R. No. 131136, Feb. 28, 2001

De Castro v. Judicial and Bar Council, GR No. 191002, April 20, 2010 and May 1, 2010 Section 16. Power to Appoint; Commission on Appointments Government v. Springer 50 PHILS 259, 1927 Bermudez v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 131429, August 4, 1999 Flores v. Drilon, 223 SCRA 568, 1993 Bautista v. Salonga, 172 SCRA 1260, 1989 Sarmiento v. Mison, 156 SCRA 549, 1987 Quintos-Deles v. Commission on Appointments, 177 SCRA 259, 1989 Calderon v. Carale, 208 SCRA 254, 1992 Manalo v. Sistoza, GR No. 107369, August 11, 1999 Matibag v. Benipayo, GR No. 149036, April 2, 2002 Rufino v. Endriga, 496 SCRA 13 Pimentel, Jr. v. Ermita, GR No. 164978, October 13, 2005 Section 17. Power of Control Lacson-Magallanes v. Pano 21 SCRA 395, 1967 Maceda v. Macaraig, Jr 197 SCRA 771 Roque v. Director of Lands, L-25373, July 1, 1976 Ang-Angco v. Castillo 9 SCRA 619, 1963 NAMARCO v. Arca 29 SCRA 648, 1969 Drilon v. Lim 235 SCRA 135, 1994 Jason v. Torres 290 SCRA 279, 1998 Dadole v. COA, GR No. 125350, Dec. 3, 2002 DENR v. DENR Employees, GR No. 149724, Aug. 19, 2003 Villaluz v. Zaldivar, 15 SCRA 710 Tondo Medical Center Employees v. CA, GR No. 167324, July 17, 2007 Malaria Employees v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 160093, July 31, 2007 Orosa v. Roa, GR No. 14047, July 14, 2006 Phillips Seafood v. BOI, GR No. 175787, February 4, 2009 Biraogo v. Truth Commission, GR No. 192935, December 7, 2010 Section 18. Presidents Powers as Commander in Chief Lansang vs. Garcia, 42 SCRA 448 Aberca v. Ver, 160 SCRA 590 IBP v. Zamora, GR 141284, August 15, 2000 Lacson v. Perez, GR 147780-81, 147799 and 1477810, May 10, 2001 Sanlakas v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 159085, February 3, 2004 David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 171396, May 2006 David v. Ermita, GR No. 171409, May 3, 2006 Gudani v. Senga, GR No. 170165, April 15, 2006 Section 19. Executive Clemency Cristobal v. Labrador, 71 PHIL 34

Llamas v. Orbos 202 SCRA 844, 1991 People v. Salle 250 SCRA 581, 1995 Drilon v. CA, 202 SCRA 378, 1991 Torres v. Gonzales 152 SCRA 272, 1987 Monsanto v. Factoran, 170 SCRA 190, 1989 Sabello v. Department of Education, GR No. 87687, December 26, 1989 People v. Salle, Jr GR No. 103567, December 4, 1995 Garcia v. COA, 226 SCRA 356, 1993 Echegaray v. Sec. of Justice, GR No. 132601, Jan 19, 1999 Section 20. Foreign Loans Spouses Constantino v. Cuisia, GR 106064, October 13, 2005 Section 21. Foreign Relations: Senate Concurrence in International Agreements USAFFE Veterans Association v. Treasurer, 105 PHIL 1030, 1959 World Health Organization v. Aquino, 48 SCRA 242 Bayan v. Executive Secretary Zamora, 343 SCRA 449, 2000 Pimentel v. Executive Secretary, 2005 Lim v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 151445, April 11, 2002 Secretary of Justice v. Judge Lantion, GR No. 139465, Oct. 17, 2000 Vinuya v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 162230, April 28, 2010 Article VIII: Judicial Department Section 1. Judicial Power Santiago v. Bautista, 32 SCRA 188 (2970) Noblejas v. Teehankee, 23 SCRA 405 Manila Electric Company v. Pasay Transportation Company, 57 PHIL 600 Director of Prisons v. Ang Cho Kio, 33 SCRA 494 In Re Laureta, 148 SCRA 382 Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668 (1989); MR, 178 SCRA 760 (1989) US v. Nixon, 418 US 683 (1974) Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452 (2001); MR, 356 SCRA 108 (2001) Arroyo v. De Venecia, 277 SCRA 268 (1997) Infotech Foundation v. COMELEC, GR No. 159139, January 13, 2004 Mattel, Inc. v. Francisco, GR No. 166886, July 30, 2008 Villarosa v. HRET, GR No. 144129, September 14, 2000 Vinuya v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 162230, April 28, 2010 Garcia v. Board of Investments, GR No. 92024, November 9, 1990 Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, GR No. 132601, January 19, 1999 Section 2. Role of Congress Mantruste Systems v. CA, 179 SCRA 136 (1989) Malaga v. Penachos, 213 SCRA 516 (1992) Lupangco v. CA, 160 SCRA 848 (1988)

Section 3. Fiscal Autonomy Radiowealth v. Agregado, 86 SCRA 429 (1950) Bengzon v. Drilon, 208 SCRA 133 (1992) Section 4. Composition; En Banc and Division Cases Fortich v. Corona, 312 SCRA 751 (1999) People v. Dy, GR 115236-37, Jan. 16, 2003 People v. Ebio, GR 147750, Sept. 29, 2004 Firestone Ceramics v. CA, GR No. 127245, June 28, 2000 Section 5. Powers of the Supreme Court Tano v. Socrates, 278 SCRA 154 (1997) Judicial Review Lina v. Purisma, 82 SCRA 344 (1978) Angara v. Electoral Commission, 63 PHIL 139 (1936) Macasiano v. NHA, 224 SCRA 236 (1993) Tan v. Macapagal, 43 SCRA 678 (1972) PACU v. Secretary of Education, 97 PHIL 806 (1955) Gonzales v. Marcos, 65 SCRA 624 (1975) Oposa v. Factoran, 224 SCRA 792 (1993) Joya v. PCGG, 225 SCRA 568 (1993) Kilosbayan v. Morato, 246 SCRA (1995) Anti Graft League of the Philippines, 260 SCRA 250 (1996) Telecom v. COMELEC, 289 SCRA 337 (1998) Bayan v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 138570, October 10, 2000 Automotive Industry Workers v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 157509, January 18, 2005 White Light Corp v. City of Manila, GR No. 122846, January 20, 2009 Gonzales v. Narvasa, GR No. 140835, August 14, 2000 Sandoval v. PAGCOR, GR No. 138982, November 29, 2000 Chavez v. PCGG, 299 SCRA 744 (1998) IBP v. Zamora, 342 SCRA 449 (2000) Francisco v. House of Representatives, 415 SCRA 44 De Agbayani v. PNB, 38 SCRA 429 (1971) David v. Arroyo, 489 SCRA 162 People v. Mateo, 433 SCRA 540 Mariano Jr. v. COMELEC, GR No. 118577, March 7, 1995 Dumlao v. COMELEC, 95 SCRA 392 Solicitor General v. Metropolitan Manila Authority, GR No. 102782, December 11, 1991 Administration of Justice; Rule-Making PNB v. Asuncion, 60 SCRA 321 Santero v. CFI Cavite, 153 SCRA 728 Damasco v. Lagui, 166 SCRA 214 People v. Lacson, 400 SCRA 262

St. Martin Funeral Homes v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 494 People v. Gutierrez, 36 SCRA 172 (1970) In Re Cunanan, 94 PHIL 534 (1953-1954) Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, January 19, 1999 Bustos v. Lucero, 81 PHIL 648 (1948) In Re Admission to the Bar: Argosino Bar Matter 712, 246 SCRA 14 (1995) Fabian v. Desierto, GR 129742, September 16, 1998 In Re: De Vera (2003) Baguio Markets Vendor v. Judge, GR No. 165922, February 26, 2010 Republic v. Gingoyon, GR No. 166429, February 1, 2006 Maniago v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 104392, February 20, 1996. Javellana v. DILG, GR No. 102549, August 10, 1992 Bar Matter No. 1222, February 4, 2004 Garrido v. Garrido, AC No. 6593, February 4, 2010 Section 6. Supervision of Courts Maceda v. Vasquez, 221 SCRA 464 (1993) Caoibes v. Ombudsman, GR 132177, July 19, 2001 Escalona v. Padillo, AM P-10-2785, September 21, 2010 Section 7. Qualifications of Members of the Supreme Court; Lower Courts In re JBC v. Judge Quitain, JBC No. 013, August 22, 2007 Kilosbayan v. Ermita, GR No. 177721, July 3, 2007 Topacio v. Ong, GR No. 179895, December 15, 2008 Section 8. Judicial and Bar Council; Membership Section 9. Appointments of Members of the Supreme Court and Judges of Lower Courts Section 10. Fixed Salary Nitafan v. CIR, 152 SCRA 284 (1987) Section 11. Security of Tenure; Power to Discipline Vargas v. Rilloraza, 80 PHIL 297 (1948) De La Llana v. Alba, 112 SCRA 294 (1982) People v. Gacott, 246 SCRA 52 (1995) Section 12. Prohibition to Be Designated to Any Agency Performing Quasi-Judicial or Administrative Functions In re Judge Manzano, 166 SCRA 246 Section 13. Conclusions of the Supreme Court How Reached? Consing v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 78272, August 29, 1989 Section 14. Contents of Decision; Petition for Review; Motion for Reconsideration

People v. Escober, 157 SCRA 541 (1988) Air France v. Carrascoso, 18 SCRA 155 (1966) People v. Bravo, 227 SCRA 285 (1993) Hernandez v. CA, 208 SCRA 429 (1993) Nicos v. CA, 206 SCRA 127 (1992) Borromeo v. CA, 186 SCRA 1 (1990) Francisco v. Pernskul, 173 SCRA 324 (1989) Velarde v. Social Justice Society, GR 159357, April 28, 2004 Section 15. Period for Making Decisions Re: Problem of Delays in Cases Before the Sandiganbayan AM No. 00-8-05-SC, Nov. 28, 2001 Edano v. Asdala, AM No. RTJ-06-2007, December 6, 2010 Sesbreno v. CA, GR No. 161390, April 16, 2008 Section 16. Submission of Annual Report Article IX: Constitutional Commissions A. Common Provisions Section 1. Independent Commissions Macalintal v. COMELEC, GR 157013, July 10, 2003 Ombudsman v. Civil Service Commission, GR No. 159940, February 16, 2005 Section 2. Prohibition on Members Section 3. Salary Section 4. Power to Appoint Section 5. Fiscal Autonomy CSC v. DBM, 482 SCRA 233 Section 6. Promulgation of Rules Macalintal v. COMELEC, GR No. 157013, July 10, 2003 Section 7. Decisions of the Commissions Filipinas Engineering and Machine Shop v. Ferrer, 135 SCRA 25 Saligumba v. CA, 117 SCRA 669 Cua v. COMELEC, 156 SCRA 582 (1987) Estrella v. COMELEC, GR No. 160465, May 27, 2004 Mison v. COA, 187 SCRA 445 (1990) Ambil v. COMELEC, 344 SCRA 358 [2000] Mateo v. CA, GR No. 113219, August 14, 1995 Reyes v. Regional Trial Court, GR No. 108886, May 5, 1995

ABS-CBN v. COMELEC, 323 SCRA 611 Aguilar v. COMELEC, GR No. 185140, June 30, 2009 Garces v. CA, GR. No. 114 795, July 17, 1996 Dumayas v. COMELEC, GR Nos. 141952-53, April 29, 2001 Section 8. Other Functions B. Civil Service Commission Section 1. Composition; Qualifications; Term Gaminde v. COA 347 SCRA 655 (2000) Mathay Jr. v. CA, GR No. 124374, December 15, 1999 Section 2. Scope Paragraph 1 EIIB v. CA, GR No. 129133, Nov. 25, 1998 NASECO v. NLRC, GR No. 100947, May 31, 1993 MWSS v. Hernandez, 143 SCRA 602 Philippine Fisheries Development Authority v. NLRC and Odin Security Agency, GR No. 94825, September 4, 1992 PAGCOR v. CA, GR No. 93396, September 30, 1991 Paragraph 2 De los Santos v. Mallare, 87 PHIL 289 Santiago Jr. v. CSC, GR No. 81467, October 27, 1989 Central Bank v. CSC, GR No. 80455-56, April 10, 1989 CSC v. Salas, 274 SCRA 414 CSC v. Javier, 546 SCRA 485 Grino v. CSC, 194 SCRA 458 Paragraph 3 Briones v. Osmena, 104 PHIL 588 Abakada Group Party List v. Purisima, 562 SCRA 251 CSC v. Sojor, 554 SCRA 160 Classifications and Appointments CSC v. PAGCOR, GR No. 123708, June 1997 Samson v. CA, 145 SCRA 654 (1986) Achacoso v. Macaraig, 195 SCRA 235 (1991) Binamira v. Garrucho, 188 SCRA 154 (1990) Luego v. CSC, 143 SCRA 327 (1986) Santiago v. CSC, 178 SCRA 733 (1989) Astraguillo v. Manglapus, 190 SCRA 280 (1990) Aquino v. CSC, GR No. 92403, April 22, 1992 Lampinid v. CSC, GR No. 96298, May 14, 1991 Nazareno, et al v. City of Dumaguete, GR No. 181559, October 2, 2009

Security of Tenure and Abolition of Office Canonizado v. Aguirre, GR No. 133132, Jan. 25, 2000 Secretary Gloria v. CA, GR No. 119903, August 14, 2000 Yenko and Mayor Estrada v. Gungon, GR No. 165450, August 13, 2009 Buklod v. Executive Secretary, GR Nos. 142801-02, July 10, 2001 Dimayuga v. Benedicto II, GR No. 144153, Jan. 16, 2002 Miranda v. Carreon, GR No. 143540, April 11, 2003 Hernandez v. Villegas, 14 SCRA 544 (1965) Briones v. Osmena, 104 Phil 588 (1958) Mayor v. Macaraig, 194 SCRA 672 (1991) Roque v. Ericta, 53 SCRA 156 Mama, Jr. v Court of Appeals, GR No. 86517, April 30, 1991 UP Board of Regents v. Rasul, GR No. 91551, August 16, 1991 Kawaning EIIB v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 142801, July 10, 2001 Partisan Political Activity; Self-Organization; Temporary Employees People v. De Venecia, 14 SCRA 864 (1965) SSS Employees v. CA, 175 SCRA 686 (1989) Jacinto v. CA, 281 SCRA 557 (1997) Gloria v. CA, 338 SCRA 5 (2000) Seneres v. COMELEC, GR No. 178678, April 16, 2009 Right to Organize Social Security System v. CA, GR No. 85279, July 28, 1989 Manila Public School Teachers Association v. Secretary of Education, GR No. 95445, August 6, 1991 Section 3. Purpose of a Civil Service System
Lazo v. CSC, 236 SCRA 469

Section 4. Oath or Affirmation Section 5. Standardization of Compensation Section 6. Prohibition of Appointment of Lame Ducks People v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 164185, July 23, 2008 Section 7. Prohibitions; Appointments; Office; Employment Flores v. Drilon 223 SCRA 568 (1993) Sec. 8 Prohibitions; Compensation; Foreign Gift/Office/Title Peralta v. Mathay 38 SCRA 296 (1971) Santos v. CA GR No. 139792, Nov. 22, 2000 Cabili v. CSC, GR No. 156503, June 22, 2006 Benguet State University v. Colting, GR No. 169637, June 8, 2007

Herrera, et al v. NPC, GR No. 166570, December 18, 2009 C. Commission on Elections Section 1. Composition; Qualifications; Term Cayetano v. Monsod, 201 SCRA 210 (1991) Brillantes v. Yorac, 192 SCRA 358 (1990) Matibag v. Benipayo, 380 SCRA 49 Section 2. Powers and Functions Pangilinan v. COMELEC, 228 SCRA 36 Flores v. COMELEC, 184 SCRA 484 (1990) Galido v. COMELEC, 193 SCRA 78 (1991) People v. Inting, 187 SCRA 788 (1990) Corpus v. Tanodbayan, 149 SCRA 281 (1987) Tan v. COMELEC, GR No. 112093, Oct. 4, 1994 Kilosbayan v. COMELEC, GR No. 128054, Oct. 16, 1997 Alvarez v. COMELEC, GR No. 142527, March 1, 2001 Carlos v. Judge Angeles, GR No. 142907, November 29, 2000 Buac v. COMELEC, GR No. 155855, Jan. 26, 2004 LDP v. COMELEC, GR No. 161265, Feb. 24, 2004 Atienza v. COMELEC, GR No. 188920, February 16, 2010 Antonio v. COMELEC, GR No. 135869, September 22, 1999 Aggabao v. COMELEC, GR NO. 163756, January 26, 2005 Flores v. COMELEC, GR No. 89604, April 20, 1990 Alunan III v. Mirasol, GR No. 108399, July 31, 1997 Taule v. Secretary Santos, GR No. 90336, August 12, 1991 Baytan v. COMELEC, GR No. 153945, February 4, 2003 Balindong v. COMELEC, GR No. 1539991, October 16, 2003 Aguilar v. COMELEC, GR No. 185140, June 30, 2009 People v. Honorable Delgado, GR No. 93419, September 18, 1990 Banat v. COMELEC, GR No. 177508, August 7, 2009 People v. Judge Inting, GR No. 88919, July 25, 1990 Section 3. Decisions Sarmiento v. COMELEC, 212 SCRA 307 Salazar Jr. v. COMELEC, 184 SCRA 433 (1990) Baytan v. COMELEC, GR No. 153954 , Feb. 4, 2003 Balindong v. COMELEC, GR Nos. 153991-2, Oct. 16, 2003 Liberal Party v. COMELEC, GR No. 191771, May 6, 2010 Alvarez v. COMELEC, GR No. 142527, March 1, 2001 Section 4. Supervision/Regulation of Public Utilities, Media Grants, Privileges Unido v. COMELEC, 104 SCRA 17 Sanidad v. COMELEC, 181 SCRA 529 (1990) Philippine Press Institute v. COMELEC, GR No. 119654, May 22, 1995

ABS-CBN v. COMELEC, GR No. 133486, Jan. 28, 2000 SWS v. COMELEC, GR No. 147571, May 5, 2001 Section 5. Favorable Recommendation for Pardon, Amnesty, Parole or Suspension of Sentence Section 6. Free and Open Party System Liberal Party v. COMELEC, GR No. 191771, May 6, 2010 Section 7. No Block-Voting Section 8. Prohibition on Political Parties Section 9. Election Period Section 10. No Harassment and Discrimination Section 11. Funds D. Commission of Audit Section 1. Qualifications; Term Mison v. COA, 187 SCRA 445 Section 2. General Function; Powers Philippine Operations, Inc. v. Auditor General, 94 PHIL 868 Euro-Med Laboratories, Phil, Inc. v. Province of Batangas, 495 SCRA 601 Ramos v. Aquino, 39 SCRA 236 Blue Bar Coconut Philippines v. Tantuico, 163 SCRA 716 NHA v. COA, 226 SCRA 55 Dingcong v. Guingona, 162 SCRA 782 (1988) Danville Maritime v. COA, 175 SCRA 701 (1989) Mamaril v. Domingo, 227 SCRA 206 (1993) Sambeli v. Province of Isabela, GR No. 92279, June 18, 1992 Osmena v. COA, GR No. 98355, March 2, 1994 Bustamante v. COA, GR No. 103309, Nov. 27, 1992 Caltex v. COA, 208 SCRA 726 (1992) Polloso v. Gangan, 335 SCRA 750 (2000) DBP v. COA, 231 SCRA 202 Strategic Alliance v. Radstock Securities, GR No. 178158, December 4, 2009 Uy, et al v. COA, GR No. 130685, March 21, 2000 Davao City Water District v. CSC and COA, GR No. 95237, September 13, 1991 Parreno v. COA, GR No. 162224, June 7, 2007 Section 3. COA Jurisdiction Section 4. Annual Report to the President and to Congress

Article X. Local Government Section 1. Territorial and Political Subdivisions of the Philippines Cordillera Broad Coalition v. COA, GR No. 79956, January 26, 1990 Section 2. Local Autonomy Limbona v. Conte Mangelin, et al, GR No. 80391, February 28, 1989 San Juan v. CSC, 196 SCRA 69 (1991) Magtajas v. Pryce Properties, GR No. 111097, July 20, 1994 Leynes v. COA, GR No. 143596, Dec. 11, 2003 Batangas CATV v. CA and Batangas City, GR No. 138810, September 29, 2004 Section 3. Local Government Code Garcia v. COMELEC, 227 SCRA 100 (1993) Malonzo v. COMELEC, 269 SCRA 380 (1997) Section 4. Supervision by the President Ganzon v. CA, 200 SCRA 271 Joson v. Torres, 290 SCRA 279 Drilon v. Lim, 235 SCRA 135 (1994) Province of Negros v. COA, GR No. 182574, September 28, 2010 Section 5. Power of Taxation by Local Government LTO v. City of Butuan, 322 SCRA 805 Lina v. Pano, 364 SCRA 76 (2001) Petron v. Mayor, GR No. 158881, April 16, 2008 Yamane v. BA Lepanto Condominium, GR No. 154993, October 25, 2005 Philippine Petroleum v. Municipality of Pililla, GR No. 90773, June 3, 1991 John Hay Peoples Alternative Coalition v. Lim, GR No. 119775, October 24, 2003 Manila Electric v. Province of Laguna, GR No. 131359, May 5, 1999 Batangas Power v. Batangas City, GR No. 152675, April 28, 2004 Smart Communications v. City of Davao, GR No. 155491, September 16, 2008 Section 6. Share in National Taxes Pimentel v. Aguirre, 336 SCRA 201 (2000) Province of Batangas v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 152774, May 27, 2004 Alternative Center v. Zamora, GR No. 144256, June 8, 2005 League of Cities v. COMELEC August 24, 2010 Section 7. Equitable Share in the National Wealth Section 8. Term of Local Officials Borja v. COMELEC, 295 SCRA 157 Lozanida v. COMELEC, GR No. 135150, July 28, 1999 Adormeo v. COMELEC, GR No. 147927, February 4, 2002

Socrates v. COMELEC, 391 SCRA 457 (2002) Latasa v. COMELEC, GR No. 154829, Dec. 10, 2003 David v. COMELEC, 271 SCRA 90 (1997) Montebon v. COMELEC, 551 SCRA 50 Ong v. Alegre, GR No. 163295, January 23, 2006 Dizon v. COMELEC, GR No. 182088, January 30, 2009 Alboin v. COMELEC, GR No. 184836, December 23, 2009 David v. COMELEC, GR No. 127116, April 8, 1997 Section 9. Sectoral Representatives Supangan Jr. v. Santos, GR No. 84662, August 24, 1990 Section 10. Creation, Abolition, Change of Boundaries Tan v. COMELEC, 142 SCRA 727 (1986) League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC, GR 176951, Nov. 29, 2008 Sema v. COMELEC, 558 SCRA 700 Camid v. Office of the President, GR No. 161414, January 17, 2005 Navarro v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 180050, February 10, 2010 Section 11. Metropolitan Political Subdivisions MMDA v. Bel-Air Village Association Assoc., GR No. 135962, March 27, 2000 MMDA v. Garin, GR No. 130230, April 15, 2005 Section 12. Highly Urbanized Cities, Component Cities Abella v. COMELEC, GR No. 100710, September 3, 1991 Section 13. Local Government Units Grouping Themselves Section 14. Regional Development Councils and Other Similar Bodies Section 15. Autonomous Regions Section 16. General Supervision of the President Section 17. Powers Not Vested to the ARMM Sections 18 and19. Organic Act for Autonomous Regions Abbas v. COMELEC, 179 SCRA 287 (1989) Ordillos v. COMELEC, 192 SCRA 100 (1990) Badua v. CBA, 194 SCRA 101 (1991) Cordillera Broad Coalition v. COA, GR No. 82217, Jan. 29, 1990 Pandi v. CA, GR No. 116850, April 11, 2002 Sema v. COMELEC, GR No. 177597, July 16, 2008 Section 20. Legislative Powers of the Autonomous Regions Province of North Cotabato v. Government of the Philippines Peace Panel, 568 SCRA 492

Section 21. Preservation of Peace and Order Article XI. Accountability of Public Officers Section 1. Public Office Bornasal, Jr. v. Montes, 280 SCRA 181 (1997) Section 2. Officers Subject to Removal by Impeachment Section 3. Procedure for Impeachment In re Gonzales, 160 SCRA 771 (1988) Romulo v. Yniguez, 141 SCRA 260 (1986) Francisco v. House of Representatives, 415 SCRA 44 Estrada v. Desierto, 353 SCRA 452 (2001); MR, 356 SCRA 108 (2001) Section 4. Sandiganbayan Lecaroz v. Sandiganbayan, 128 SCRA 324 (1984) Defensor-Santiago, 356 SCRA 636 (2001) Balmadrid v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 58327, March 22, 1991 Azarcon v. Sandiganbanyan, GR No. 116033, February 26, 1997 Section 5. Ombudsman Section 6. Appointments Ombudsman v. CSC, GR No. 162215, July 20, 2007 Section 7. Tanodbayan as Special Prosecutor Zaldivar v. Sandiganbayan, 160 SCRA 843 (1988) Acop v. Ombudsman, GR No. 120422, September 27, 1995 Deloso v. Domingo, 191 SCRA 545 Almonte v. Vasquez, GR No. 95367, May 22, 1995 Buenasada v. Flavier, 226 SCRA 645 Macalino v. Sandiganbayan, 376 SCRA 452 BIR v. Ombudsman, GR No. 115103, April 11, 2002 Laurel v. Desierto, GR No. 145368, April 12, 2002 Azarcon v. Guerrero, GR No. 121017, Feb 17, 1997 Azarcon v. Guerrero , GR No. 116033, Feb 26, 1997 Section 8. Qualifications Section 9. Appointments Section 10. Rank Section 11. Term

Section 12. Prompt Action on Complaints Laurel v. Desierto, GR No. 145368, April 12, 2002 Almonte v. Vasquez, 244 SCRA 286 (1995) Roxas v. Vasquez, 358 SCRA 636 (2001) Uy v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 105965, March 20, 2001 Section 13. Powers; Functions; Duties Khan, Jr. v. Ombudsman, GR No. 125296, July 20, 2006 Ombudsman v. Estandarte, GR No. 168670, April 13, 2007 Ombudsman v. Lucero, November 24, 2006 Ombudsman v. CA, GR No. 169079, July 17, 2007 Sangguniang Barangay v. Punong Barangay, GR No. 170626, March 3, 2008 Perez v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 166062, September 26, 2006 Buencamino v. CA, GR No. 175895, April 4, 2007 Medina v. COA, GR No. 176478, February 4, 2008 Villas Nor v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 180700, March 4, 2008 Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors GR No. 159747, April 13, 2004 Ombudsman v. Rodriguez, GR No. 172700, July 23, 2010 Garcia v. Miro, GR No. 148944, Feb 5, 2003 Rare v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 108431, July 14, 2000 Section 14. Fiscal Autonomy Section 15. Right to Recover Properties Unlawfully Acquired Section 16. Loan, Guaranty or Other Form of Financial Accommodation Section 17. Declaration of Assets and Liabilities Section 18. Allegiance of Public Officers Caasi v. CA, 191 SCRA 229 (1990) Article XII. National Economy and Patrimony Section 1. Threefold Goal of the National Economy Section 2. Regalian Doctrine Lee Hong Kok v. David, 48 SCRA 372 Carino v. Insurer Government, 41 PHIL 935 Cruz v. Sec. of DENR, 347 SCRA 128 (2000) Sta. Rosa Mining v. Leido, 156 SCRA 1 (1987) San Miguel Corporation v. CA, 185 SCRA 722 (1990) Almeda v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 85322, April 30, 1991 Director of Lands v. Kalahi Investments, Inc, GR No. 48066, January 31, 1989 Republic v. Enciso, GR No. 160145, November 11, 2005

Chavez v. PEA, GR No. 133250, July 9, 2002 Laurel v. Garcia, 187 SCRA 797 (1990) Miners Association v. Factoran, 240 SCRA 100 (1995) Republic v. Rosemoor, GR No. 149927, March 30, 2004 La Bugal-Blaan Tribal Assn. v. DENR, GR127872, Jan 27, 2004, MR GR 127882, Dec. 1, 2004 Philippine Geothermal v. Napocor, GR No. 144302, May 27, 2004 JG Summit v. CA, GR No. 124293, January 31, 2005 Section 3. Lands of the Public Domain Director of Lands v. Aquino, 192 SCRA 296 (1990) Republic v. CA, 160 SCRA 228 (1988) Apex Mining v. Southeast Mindanao Gold, Inc, GR No. 152613, June 23, 2006 Dir. of Lands v. IAC, 146 SCRA 509 (1986) Ten Forty Realty v. Lorenzana, GR No. 151212, Sept. 10, 2003 Chavez v. PEA, GR No. 133250, July 9, 2002 Section 4. Specific Limits of Forest Lands and National Parks La Bugal-Blaan Tribal Assn. v. DENR, GR127872, Jan 27, 2004, MR GR 127882, Dec. 1, 2004 Section 5. Ancestral Lands and Domain Cruz v. Sec. of DENR, 347 SCRA 128 (2000) Section 6. Common Good Telecom v. COMELEC, 289 SCRA 337 (1998) Section 7. Private Lands Republic v. CA, 235 SCRA 567 Zaragosa v. CA, GR No. 106401, September 29, 2000 Ramirez v. Vda. De Ramirez, 111 SCRA 704 (1982) Halili v. CA, 287 SCRA 465 (1998) Lee v. Republic, 366 SCRA (2001) Frenzel v. Catito, GR No. 143958, July 11, 2003 Mulller v. Muller, GR No. 149615, August 29, 2006 Matthews v. Taylor Spouses, GR No. 164584, June 22, 2009 Hulst v. PR Builders, GR No. 156364, September 25, 2008 Section 8. Exception for Former Filipino Citizens Republic v. CA, 235 SCRA 567 (1994) Section 9. Independent Economic and Planning Agency Section 10. Filipinization Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, 267 SCRA 408 (1997) Army and Navy Club v. CA, 271 SCRA 36 (1997) Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997)

Section 11. Public Utilities Bagatsing v. Committee, 246 SCRA 344 (1995) Albano v. Reyes, 175 SCRA 36 (1997) Tatad v. Garcia, 243 SCRA 436 (1995) Telecom v. COMELEC, 289 SCRA 337 (1998) JG Summit Holdings v. CA, 345 SCRA 143 (2000) Associated Communications v. NTC, GR No. 144109, February 17, 2003 Eastern Telecom v. Telecom Technologies, GR No. 135992, July 23, 2004 Section 12. Filipino First Policy Tanada v. Angara, 272 SCRA 18 (1997) Section 13. Trade Policy Section 14. Development and Practice of Professions Section 15. Agency to Promote Cooperatives Section 16. Corporations NDC v. PVB, 192 SCRA 257 (1990) Section 17. Temporary Take-Over Agan v. PIATCO, 420 SCRA 575 David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR No. 171396, May 2006 Section 18. Nationalization Republic v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620 (1968) PLDT v. NTC, 190 SCRA 717 (1990) Section 19. Monopolies and Combinations Energy Regulatory Board v. CA, GR No. 113079, April 20, 2001 Garcia v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 132451, December 17, 1999 Tatad v. Secretary of Energy, 281 SCRA 330 Eastern Assurance v. LTFRB, GR No. 149717, Oct. 7, 2003 Avon v. Luna, GR No. 153674, December 20, 2006 Section 21. Foreign Loans Section 22. Acts Inimical to the National Interest Artcile XVI. General Provisions Section 1. Flag of the Philippines Section 2. Name, National Anthem or a National Seal

Section 3. Immunity From Suit Republic v. Feliciano, 148 SCRA 424 (1987) Metran v. Paredes, 79 Phil 819 (1947-1948) NAC v. Teodoro, 91 Phil 203 (1952) Mobil Philippines v. Customs Arrastre, 18 SCRA 120 (1966) PNR v. IAC, 217 SCRA 401 (1993) Ministerio v. CFI, 40 SCRA 464 (1971) Municipality of San Fernando v. Firme, 195 SCRA 692 Lansang v. CA, GR No. 102667 Traders Royal Bank v. IAC, 192 SCRA 305 (1990) Republic v. Sandoval, 220 SCRA 124 (1993) DA v. NLRC, 227 SCRA 693 (1993) EPG Construction v. Vigilar, GR No. 131544, March 16, 2001 Philrock v. Board of Liquidators, 180 SCRA 171 (1989) Republic of Indonesia v. Vinzon, GR 154705, June 26, 2003 Shell Philippines v. Jalos, GR No. 179918, September 8, 2010 Section 4. AFP Section 5. AFP Requirement and Goals Section 6. Police Force Quilonia v. The General Court Martial GR No. 9660, March 4, 1992 Carpio v. Executive Secretary 206 SCRA 290 (1992) Department of Budget v. Manilas Finest, GR No. 169466, May 9, 2007 Mendoza v. PNP, GR No. 139658, June 21, 2005 Section 7. War Veterans Section 8. Pensions and Benefits for Retirees Section 9. Protection of Consumers from Trade Malpractices Section 10. Development of Filipino Capability and Communication Structures Section 11. Ownership and Management: Mass Media and Advertising Section 12. Consultative Body for Indigenous Cultural Communities Article XVII. Amendments or Revisions Section 1. Amendment or Revision Imbong v. COMELEC, 35 SCRA 28 (1970) Lambino v. COMELEC, 505 SCRA 160

Section 2. Initiative Defensor-Santiago v. COMELEC, 270 SCRA 106 (1997); MR (1997) Lambino v. COMELEC, 505 SCRA 160 (2006) Section 3. Constitutional Convention Section 4. Ratification Gonzales v. COMELEC, 21 SCRA 774 (1967) Tolentino v. COMELEC, 41 SCRA 702 (1971) Article XVIII Transitory Provisions Section 26. Ill-Gotten Wealth; Sequestration/Freeze Orders Cojuangco v. Roxas, 195 SCRA 797 (1991) Section 27. Effectivity De Leon v. Esquerra, 152 SCRA 602 (1987)