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Shackelford, James F.

et al Composition of Materials
Materials Science and Engineering Handbook
Ed. James F. Shackelford & W. Alexander
Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC, 2001

4.0 Composition Page 103 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

CHAPTER 2

Composition of Materials

List of Tables

Steels and Irons


Composition Limits of Tool Steels
Composition Limits of Gray Cast Irons
Composition Limits of Ductile Irons
Composition Ranges for Malleable Irons
Composition Ranges for Carbon Steels
Composition Ranges for Resulfurized Carbon Steels
Composition Ranges for Alloy Steels
Composition of Stainless Steels
Copper Alloys
Composition of Wrought Coppers and Copper Alloys
Classification of Copper and Copper Alloys
Aluminum Alloys
Composition Ranges for Cast Aluminum Alloys
Composition Ranges for Wrought Aluminum Alloys
Tin Alloys
Composition of Tin and Tin Alloys
Heat Resistant Alloys
Compositions of ACI Heat-Resistant Casting Alloys
Zinc Alloys
Composition of Zinc Die Casting Alloys

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103

4.0 Composition Page 104 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Composition
List of Tables
(Continued)

Super Alloys
Compositions of Wrought Superalloys
Glass Ceramics
Typical Composition of Glass-Ceramics

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104

CRC Handbook of Materials Science & Engineering

4.1 Composition L Page 105 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 46. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF


(SHEET 1 OF 3)
Designations
AISI

SAE

TOOL STEELS
Composition (%)

UNS

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

T11302.

0.78
0.88;
0.951.05

0.150.40

0.200.45

3.754.50

0.30 max

4.505.50

5.506.75

1.752.20

T1
T1
T15
Chromium hot work steels

T12001
T12015

0.650.80
1.501.60

0.100.40
0.150.40

0.200.40
0.150.40

3.754.00
3.755.00

0.30 max
0.30 max

1.00 max

17.2518.75
11.7513.00

0.901.30
4.505.25

H11
H13

T20811
T20813

0.330.43
0.320.45

0.200.50
0.200.50

0.801.20
0.801.20

4.755.50
4.755.50

0.30 max
0.30 max

1.101.60
1.101.75

Co

Molybdenum high speed steels


M2

M2

Tungsten high speed steels

H11
H13

Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.239, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

0.300.60
0.801.20

4.755.25

4.1 Composition L Page 106 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 46. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF


(SHEET 2 OF 3)
Designations
AISI

SAE

Composition (%)
UNS

Tungsten hot work steels


H21
H21
T20821
0.260.36
H26
T20826
0.450.55
Airhardening mediumalloy cold work steels
A2
A3

TOOL STEELS

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

0.150.40
0.150.40

0.150.50
0.150.40

3.003.75
3.754.50

0.30 max
0.30 max

Mo

A2

T30102
T30103

0.951.05
1.201.30

1.00 max
0.400.60

0.50 max
0.50 max

4.755.50
4.755.50

0.30 max
0.30 max

0.901.40
0.901.40

S1
S5

T41901
T41905
T41907

0.400.55
0.500.65
0.450.55

0.100.40
0.601.00
0.200.80

0.151.20
1.752.25
0.201.00

1.001.80
0.35 max
3.003.50

0.30 max

0.50 max
0.201.35
1.301.80

8.5010.00
17.2519.00

0.300.60
0.751.25

0.150.50
0.801.40

Shockresisting steels
S1
S5
S7

1.503.00

Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.239, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

0.150.30
0.35 max
0.200.30

Co

4.1 Composition L Page 107 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 46. COMPOSITION LIMITS OF


(SHEET 3 OF 3)
Designations
AISI

SAE

TOOL STEELS
Composition (%)

UNS

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

T61202
T61206

0.451.00
0.650.75

0.100.90
0.250.80

0.50 max
0.50 max

0.701.20
0.601.20

1.252.00

0.25 max
0.50 max

T72301

0.701.50

0.100.40

0.100.40

0.15 max

0.20 max

0.10 max

Lowalloy specialpurpose tool steels


L2
L6

L6

0.100.30
0.200.30

Waterhardening tool steels


W1

W108,
W109,
W110,
W112

0.15 max

Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.239, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

0.10 max

Co

4.1 Composition L Page 108 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 47. COMPOSITION

LIMITS OF GRAY CAST IRONS


Composition Limits (%)

UNS

SAE grade

TC

Mn

Si

F10004

G1800

3.40 to 3.70

0.50 to 0.80

2.80 to 2.30

0.15

0.15

F10005
F10009

G2500
G2500

3.20 to 3.50
3.40 min

0.60 to 0.90
0.60 to 0.90

2.40 to 2.00
1.60 to 2.10

0.12
0.12

0.15
0.12

F10006
F10007

G3000
G3500

3.10 to 3.40
3.00 to 3.30

0.60 to 0.90
0.60 to 0.90

2.30 to 1.90
2.20 to 1.80

0.10
0.08

0.16
0.16

F10010
F10011

G3500
G3500

3.40 min
3.50 min

0.60 to 0.90
0.60 to 0.90

1.30 to 1.80
1.30 to 1.80

0.08
0.08

0.12
0.12

F10008
F10012

G4000
G4000

3.00 to 3.30
3.10 to 3.60

0.70 to 1.00
0.60 to 0.90

2.10 to 1.80
1.95 to 2.40

0.07
0.07

0.16
0.12

Source: data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.166, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 109 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 48. COMPOSITION

LIMITS OF DUCTILE IRONS

Specification No.
Grade or Class

Composition (%)
UNS

TC

Si

Mn

ASTM A395
ASME SA395
60-40-18

F32800

3.00 min

2.50 max

0.08 max

ASTM A476
SAE AM55316
80-60-03

F34100

3.00 min

3.0 max

0.08 max

SAE J434c
D4018

F32800

3.204.10

1.80-3.00

0.10-1.00

0.015-0.10

0.0050.035

MIL-1-24137
(Ships)
Class A
Class B
Class C

F33101
F43020
F43021

3.0 min
2.40-3.00
2.70-3.10

2.50 max
1.80-3.20
2.00-3.00

0.08 max
0.80-1.50
1.90-2.50

0.20 max
0.15 max

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.168-169,

(1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 110 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 49. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR MALLEABLE IRONS


Composition (%)

Type

TC

Mn

Si

Ferritic
Grade 32510
Grade 35018

2.30-2.70
2.00-2.45

0.25-0.55
0.25-0.55

1.00-1.75
1.00-1.35

0.05 max
0.05 max

0.03-0.18
0.03-0.18

Pearlitic

2.00-2.70

0.25-1.25

1.00-1.75

0.05 max

0.03-0.18

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p170, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 111 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 50. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR CARBON STEELS


Composition Range (%)

AISISAE
Designation

UNS
Designation

Mn

1015
1020
1022

G10150
G10200
G10220

0.12-0.18
0.17-0.23
0.17-0.23

0.30-0.60
0.30-0.60
0.70-1.00

1030
1040
1050

G10900
G10400
G10500

0.27-0.34
0.36-0.44
0.47-0.55

0.60-0.90
0.60-0.90
0.60-0.90

1060
1080
1095

G10600
G10800
G10950

0.55-0.66
0.74-0.88
0.90-1.04

0.60-0.90
0.60-0.90
0.30-0.50

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p184, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 112 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 51. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR RESULFURIZED CARBON STEELS


Composition Range (%)

AISISAE
Designation

UNS
Designation

Mn

1118
1137
1141
1144

G11180
G11370
G11410
G11440

0.14-0.20
0.32-0.39
0.37-0.45
0.40-0.48

1.30-1.60
1.35-1.65
1.35-1.65
1.35-1.65

0.08-0.13
0.08-0.13
0.08-0.13
0.24-0.33

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p185, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 113 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 52. COMPOSITION RANGES FOR


(SHEET 1 OF 3)

ALLOY STEELS

Composition Range (%)


AISISAE
Designation

UNS
Designation

1330
1340
3140
4037

G13300
G13400

Mn

P (max)

S (max)

Si

Cr

Ni

1.60-1.90
1.60-1.90
0.70-0.90
0.70-0.90

0.035
0.035
0.040
0.035

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.20-0.35
0.15-0.30

0.55-0.75
0.20-0.30

1.10-1.40

G40370

0.28-0.33
0.38-0.43
0.38-0.43
0.35-0.40

4042
4130
4140
4150

G40420
G41300
G41400
G41500

0.40-0.45
0.28-0.33
0.38-0.43
0.48-0.53

0.70-0.90
0.40-0.60
0.75-1.00
0.75-1.00

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

0.20-0.30
0.80-1.10
0.80-1.10
0.80-1.10

4320
4340
4620
4820

G43200
G43400
G46200
G48200

0.17-0.22
0.38-0.43
0.17-0.22
0.18-0.23

0.45-0.65
0.60-0.80
0.45-0.65
0.50-0.70

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

0.40-0.60
0.70-0.90
1.65-2.00
3.25-3.75

0.15-0.25
0.15-0.25
0.15-0.25
1.65-2.00
1.65-2.00

(a) Contains 0.15% min vanadium.


Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p186-193, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

Mo

0.20-0.30
0.20-0.30
0.20-0.30
0.20-0.30

4.1 Composition L Page 114 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 52. COMPOSITION RANGES FOR


(SHEET 2 OF 3)

ALLOY STEELS

Composition Range (%)


AISISAE
Designation

UNS
Designation

Mn

P (max)

S (max)

Si

Cr

5046
50B46
5060
50B60

G50460
G50461
G50600
G50461

0.43-0.48
0.44-0.49
0.56-0.64
0.56-0.64

0.75-1.00
0.75-1.00
0.75-1.00
0.75-1.00

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

0.20-0.35
0.20-0.35
0.40-0.60
0.40-0.60

5130
5140
5150
5160

G51300
G51400
G51500
G51600

0.28-0.33
0.38-0.43
0.48-0.53
0.56-0.64

0.70-0.90
0.70-0.90
0.70-0.90
0.75-1.00

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

0.80-1.10
0.70-0.90
0.70-0.90
0.70-0.90

51B60
6150(a)
81B45
8620

G51601
G61500
G81451
G86200

0.56-0.64
0.48-0.53
0.43-0.48
0.18-0.23

0.75-1.00
0.70-0.90
0.75-1.00
0.70-0.90

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

8630
8640

G86300
G86400

0.28-0.33
0.38-0.43

0.70-0.90
0.75-1.00

0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

Ni

Mo

0.70-0.90
0.80-1.10
0.35-0.55
0.40-0.60

0.20-0.40
0.40-0.70

0.08-0.15
0.15-0.25

0.40-0.60
0.40-0.60

0.40-0.70
0.40-0.70

0.15-0.25
0.15-0.25

(a) Contains 0.15% min vanadium.


Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p186-193, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 115 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 52. COMPOSITION RANGES FOR


(SHEET 3 OF 3)

ALLOY STEELS

Composition Range (%)


AISISAE
Designation

UNS
Designation

Mn

P (max)

S (max)

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

86B45
8650

G86451
G86500

0.43-0.48
0.48-0.53

0.75-1.00
0.75-1.00

0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

0.40-0.60
0.40-0.60

0.40-0.70
0.40-0.70

0.15-0.25
0.15-0.25

8660
8740
9255
9260

G86600
G87400
G92550
G92600

0.56-0.64
0.38-0.43
0.51-0.59
0.56-0.64

0.75-1.00
0.75-1.00
0.70-0.95
0.75-1.00

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.040
0.040
0.040
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30
1.80-2.20
1.80-2.20

0.40-0.60
0.40-0.60

0.40-0.70
0.40-0.70

0.15-0.25
0.20-0.30

9310
94B30

G93106
G94301

0.08-0.13
0.28-0.33

0.45-0.65
0.75-1.00

0.025
0.035

0.025
0.040

0.15-0.30
0.15-0.30

1.00-1.40
0.30-0.50

3.00-3.50
0.30-0.60

0.08-0.15
0.08-0.15

(a) Contains 0.15% min vanadium.


Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p186-193, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 116 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 1 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

201
202
205
301

S20100
S20200
S20500
S30100

0.15
0.15
0.120.25
0.15

5.57.5
7.5-10.0
14.015.5
2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

16.018.0
17.019.0
16.518.0
16.018.0

3.55.5
4.06.0
1.01.75
6.08.0

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

0.25 N
0.25 N
0.320.40 N

302
302B
303
303Se

S30200
S30215
S30300
S30323

0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00
2.03.0
1.00
1.00

17.019.0
17.019.0
17.019.0
17.019.0

8.010.0
8.010.0
8.010.0
8.010.0

0.045
0.045
0.20
0.20

0.03
0.03
0.15 min
0.06

0.6 Mo(c)
0.15 Se min

304
304H
304L
304LN

S30400
S30409
S30403

0.08
0.04-0.10
0.03
0.03

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0
18.020.0

8.010.5
8.010.5
8.012.0
8.010.5

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

0.10-0.15 N

Type
Austenitic

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 117 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 2 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
Type

UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

S30430
304N
30S
308

S30430
S30451
S30500
S30800

0.08
0.08
0.12
0.08

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

17.019.0
18.0-20.0
17.019.0
19.021.0

8.010.0
8.010.5
10.S13.0
10.012.0

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

3.04.0 Cu
0.100.16 N

309
309S
310
310S

S30900
S30908
S31000
S31008

0.20
0.08
0.25
0.08

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00
1.00
1.50
1.50

22.024.0
22.024.0
24.026.0
24.026.0

12.0 15.0
12.015.0
19.022.0
19.022.0

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

314
316
316F
316H

S31400
S31600
S31620
S31609

0.25
0.08
0.08
0.04-0.10

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.53.0
1.00
1.00
1.00

23.026.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0

19.022.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0

0.045
0.045
0.20
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.10 min
0.03

2.03.0 Mo
1.752.5 Mo
2.03.0 Mo

316L
316LN
316N
317

S31603

S31651
S31700

0.03
0.03
0.08
0.08

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

16.0-18.0
16.018.0
16.018.0
18.020.0

10.014.0
10.014.0
10.014.0
11.015.0

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

2.03.0 Mo
2.03.0 Mo;0.100.30 N
2.03.0 Mo;0.100.16 N
3.04.0 Mo

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 118 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 3 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
Type

UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

317L
321
321H
329

S31703
S32100
S32109
S32900

0.03
0.08
0.040.10
0.10

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

18.020.0
17.019.0
17.019.0
25.030.0

11.015.0
9.012.0
9.012.0
3.06.0

0.045
0.045
0.045
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

3.04.0 Mo
5 x %C Ti min
5 x %C Ti min
1.02.0 Mo

330
347
347H

N08330
S34700
S34709

0.08
0.08
0.040.10

2.00
2.00
2.00

0.751.5
1.00
1.00

17.020.0
17.019.0
17.019.0

34.037.0
9.013.0
9.013.0

0.04
0.045
0.045

0.03
0.03
0.03

348

S34800

0.08

2.00

1.00

17.019.0

9.013.0

0.045

0.03

10 x %C Nb + Ta(d)min
10 x %C Nb + Ta min
0.2 Cu; 10 x %C Nb +
Ta(d) min

348H

S34809

0.040.10

2.00

1.00

17.019.0

9.013.0

0.045

0.03

384

S38400

0.08

2.00

1.00

15.017.0

17.019.0

0.045

0.03

0.2 Cu; 10 x %C Nb +
Ta(d) min

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 119 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 4 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

405
409
429

S40500
S40900
S42900

0.08
0.08
0.12

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

11.514.5
10.511.75
14.016.0

0.04
0.045
0.04

0.03
0.045
0.03

0.10-0.30 Al
6 x %C Ti(e)min

430
430F
430FSe

S43000
S43020
S43023

0.12
0.12
0.12

1.00
1.25
1.25

1.00
1.00
1.00

16.018.0
16.018.0
16.018.0

0.04
0.06
0.06

0.03
0.15
0.06

0.6 Mo(c)
0.15 Se min

434

S43400

0.12

1.00

1.00

16.018.0

0.04

0.03

0.751.25 Mo

436

S43600

0.12

1.00

1.00

16.018.0

0.04

0.03

0.751.25 Mo;5 x %C
Nb + Ta(f) min

442
446

S44200
S44600

0.20
0.20

1.00
1.50

1.00
1.00

18.023.0
23.027.0

0.04
0.04

0.03
0.03

0.25 N

Type
Ferritic

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 120 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 5 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

403
410

S40300
S41000

0.15
0.15

1.00
1.00

0.50
1.00

11.513.0
11.513.0

0.04
0.04

0.03
0.03

414
416
416Se
420

S41400
S41600
S41623
S42000

0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15 min

1.00
1.25
1.25
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

11.513.5
12.014.0
12.014.0
12.014.0

1.252.50

0.04
0.04
0.06
0.04

0.03
0.03
0.06
0.03

0.6 Mo(c)
0.15 Se min

420F

S42020

0.15 min

1.25

1.00

12.014.0

0.06

0.15 min

422

S42200

0.20.25

1.00

0.75

11.013.0

0.51.0

0.025

0.025

431
440A

S43100
S44002

0.20
0.600.75

1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00

15.017.0
16.018.0

1.252.50

0.04
0.04

0.03
0.03

0.6Mo(c)
0.751.25 Mo;0.751.25
W; 0.150.3 V

0.75 Mo

Type
Martensitic

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 121 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 6 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
Type

UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

440B
440C
501
501A

S44003
S44004
S50100
S50300

0.750.95
0.951.20
0.10 min
0.15

1.00
1.00
1.00
0.300.60

1.00
1.00
1.00
0.501.00

16.018.0
16.018.0
4.06.0
6.08.0

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

0.75 Mo
0.75 Mo
0.400.65Mo
0.450.65Mo

501B
502
503
504

S50400
S50200
S50300
S50400

0.15
0.10
0.15
0.15

0.300.60
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.501.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

8.010.0
4.06.0
6.08.0
8.010.0

0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04

0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04

0.91.1 Mo
0.404.65Mo
0.450.65Mo
0.91.1 Mo

PH 138Mo

S13800

0.05

0.10

0.10

12.2513.25

7.58.5

0.01

0.008

2.02.5 Mo; 0.901.35


Al; 0.01 N

155 PH

S15500

0.07

1.00

1.00

14.015.5

3.55.5

0.04

0.03

2.54.5 Cu;0.150.45
Nb+Ta

Precipitation
hardening

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 122 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 7 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
Type

UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

174 PH

S17400

0.07

1.00

1.00

15.517.5

3.05.0

0.04

0.03

177 PH

S17700

0.09

1.00

1.00

16.018.0

6.57.75

0.04

0.03

3.05.0 Cu;0.150.45
Nb+Ta
0.751.5 Al

414
416
416Se
420

S41400
S41600
S41623
S42000

0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15 min

1.00
1.25
1.25
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

11.513.5
12.014.0
12.014.0
12.014.0

1.252.50

0.04
0.04
0.06
0.04

0.03
0.03
0.06
0.03

0.6 Mo(c)
0.15 Se min

420F

S42020

0.15 min

1.25

1.00

12.014.0

0.06

0.15 min

422

S42200

0.20.25

1.00

0.75

11.013.0

0.51.0

0.025

0.025

431
440A

S43100
S44002

0.20
0.600.75

1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00

15.017.0
16.018.0

1.252.50

0.04
0.04

0.03
0.03

0.6Mo(c)
0.751.25 Mo;0.751.25
W; 0.150.3 V

0.75 Mo

440B
440C
501
501A

S44003
S44004
S50100
S50300

0.754.95
0.951.20
0.10 min
0.15

1.00
1.00
1.00
0.300.60

1.00
1.00
1.00
0.501.00

16.018.0
16.018.0
4.06.0
6.08.0

0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03

0.75 Mo
0.75 Mo
0.400.65Mo
0.450.65Mo

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 123 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 53. COMPOSITION OF STAINLESS


(SHEET 8 OF 8)

STEELS

Composition (%)
Type

UNS
Number

Mn

Si

Cr

Ni

Others

501B
502
503
504

S50400
S50200
S50300
S50400

0.15
0.10
0.15
0.15

0.300.60
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.501.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

8.010.0
4.06.0
6.08.0
8.010.0

0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04

0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04

0.91.1 Mo
0.404.65Mo
0.450.65Mo
0.91.1 Mo

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p357-358, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 124 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 1 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C10100 Oxygen-free electronic


C10200 Oxygen-free copper
C10300 Oxygen-free extra-low phosporus
C10400, C10500, C10700 Oxygen-free, silver-bearing

99.99 Cu
99.95 Cu
99.95 Cu, 0.003 P
99.95 Cu(b)

F, R, W, T, P, S
F, R, W, T, P, S
F, R, T, P, S
F, R, W, S

C10800 Oxygen-free, low phosporus


CS11000 Electrolytic tough pitch copper
C11100 Electrolytic tough pitch, anneal resistant
C11300, C11400, C11500, C11600 Silver-bearing tough pitch copper

99.95 Cu, 0.009 P


99.90 Cu, 0.04 O
99.90 Cu, 0.04 O, 0.01 Cd
99.90 Cu, 0.04 O, Ag(c)

F, R, T, P
F, R, W, T, P, S
W
F, R, W, T, S

C12000, C12100
C12200 Phosphorus deoxidized copper, high residual phosphorus
C12500, C12700, C12800, C12900, C13000 Fire-refined tough pitch with silver
C14200 Phosphorus deoxidized, arsenical

99.9 Cu(d)
99.90 Cu, 0.02 P
99.88 Cu(e)
99.68 Cu, 0.3 As, 0.02 P

F, T, P
F, R, T, P
F, R, W, S
F, R, T

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 125 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 2 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C19200
C14300
C14310
C14500 Phosphorus deoxidized, tellurium bearing

98.97 Cu, 1.0 Fe, 0.03 P


99.9 Cu, 0.1 Cd
99.8 Cu, 0.2 Cd
99.5 Cu, 0.50 Te, 0.008 P

F, T
F
F
F, R, W, T

C14700 Sulfur bearing


C15000 Zirconium copper
C15500
C15710

99.6 Cu, 0.40 S


99.8 Cu, 0.15 Zr
99.75 Cu, 0.06 P, 0.11 Mg, Ag(f)
99.8 Cu, 0.2 Al2O3

R, W
R, W
F
R, W

C15720
C15735
C15760
C16200 Cadmium copper

99.6 Cu, 0.4 Al2O3


99.3 Cu, 0.7 Al2O3
98.9 Cu, 1.1 Al2O3
99.0 Cu, 1.0 Cd

F, R
R
F, R
F, R, W

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 126 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 3 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C16500
C17000 Beryllium copper
C17200 Beryllium copper
C17300 Beryllium copper

98.6 Cu, 0.8 Cd, 0.6 Sn


99.5 Cu, 1.7 Be, 0.20 Co
99.5 Cu, 1.9 Be , 0.20 Co
99.5 Cu, 1.9 Be, 0.40 Pb

F, R, W
F, R
F, R, W, T, P, S
R

C17500 Copper-cobalt-beryllium alloy


C18200, C18400, C18500 Chromium copper
C18700 leaded copper
C18900

99.5 Cu, 2.5 Co, 0.6 Be


99.5 Cu(g)
99.0 Cu, 1.0 Pb
98.75 Cu, 0.75 Sn, 0.3 Si, 0.20 Mn

F, R
F, W, R, S, T
R
R, W

C19000 Copper-nickel-phosphorus alloy


C19100 Copper-nickel-phosphorus-tellurium alloy
C19400

98.7 Cu, 1.1 Ni, 0.25 P


98.15 Cu, 1.1 Ni, 0.50 Te, 0.25 P
97.5 Cu, 2.4 Fe, 0.13 Zn, 0.03 P

F, R, W
R, F
F

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 127 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 4 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C19500
C21000 Gilding, 95%
C22000 Commercial bronze, 90%
C22600 Jewelry bronze, 87.5%

97.0 Cu, 1.5 Fe, 0.6 Sn, 0.10 P, 0.80 Co


95.0 Cu, 5.0 Zn
90.0 Cu, 10.0 Zn
87.5 Cu, 12.5 Zn

F
F, W
F, R, W, T
F, W

C23000 Red brass, 85%


C24000 Low brass, 80%
C26000 Cartridge brass, 70%
C26800, C27000 Yellow brass

85.0 Cu, 15.0 Zn


80.0 Cu, 20.0 Zn
70.0 Cu, 30.0 Zn
65.0 Cu, 35.0 Zn

F, W, T, P
F, W
F, R, W, T
F, R, W

C28000 Muntz metal


C31400 Leaded commercial bronze
C31600 Leaded commercial bronze, nickel-bearing
C33000 Low-leaded brass tube

60.0 Cu, 40.0 Zn


89.0 Cu, 1.75 Pb, 9.25 Zn
89.0 Cu, 1.9 Pb, 1.0 Ni, 8.1 Zn
66.0 Cu, 0.5 Pb, 33.5 Zn

F, R, T
F, R
F, R
T

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 128 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 5 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C33200 High-leaded brass tube


C33500 Low-leaded brass
C34000 Medium-leaded brass
C34200 High-leaded brass

66.0 Cu, 1.6 Pb, 32.4 Zn


65.0 Cu, 0.5 Pb, 34.5 Zn
65.0 Cu, 1.0 Pb, 34.0 Zn
64.5 Cu, 2.0 Pb, 33.5 Zn

T
F
F, R, W, S
F, R

C34900
C35000 Medium-leaded brass
C35300 High-leaded brass
C35600 Extra-high-leaded brass

62.2 Cu, 0.35 Pb, 37.45 Zn


62.5 Cu, 1.1 Pb, 36.4 Zn
62.0 Cu, 1.8 Pb, 36.2 Zn
63.0 Cu, 2.5 Pb, 34.5 Zn

R, W
F, R
F, R
F

C36000 Free-cutting brass


C36500 to C36800 Leaded Muntz metal
C37000 Free-cutting Muntz metal
C37700 Forging brass

61.5 Cu, 3.0 Pb, 35.5 Zn


60.0 Cu(h), 0.6 Pb, 39.4 Zn
60.0 Cu, 1.0 Pb, 39.0 Zn
59.0 Cu, 2.0 Pb, 39.0 Zn

F, R, S
F
T
R, S

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 129 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 6 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C38500 Architectural bronze


C40500
C40800
C41100

57.0 Cu, 3.0 Pb, 40.0 Zn


95 Cu, 1 Sn, 4 Zn
95 Cu, 2Sn, 3 Zn
91 Cu, 0.5 Sn, 8.5 Zn

R, S
F
F
F, W

C41300
C41500
C42200
C42500

90.0 Cu, 1.0 Sn, 9.0 Zn


91 Cu, 1.8 Sn, 7.2 Zn
87.5 Cu, 1.1 Sn, 11.4 Zn
88.5 Cu, 2.0 Sn, 9.5 Zn

F, R, W
F
F
F

C43000
C43400
C43500
C44300, C44400, C44500 Inhibited admiralty

87.0 Cu, 2.2 Sn, 10.8 Zn


85.0 Cu, 0.7 Sn, 14.3 Zn
81.0 Cu, 0.9 Sn, 18.1 Zn
71.0 Cu, 28.0 Zn, 1.0 Sn

F
F
F, T
F, W, T

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 130 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 7 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C46400 to C46700 Naval brass


C48200 Naval brass, medium-leaded
C48500 Leaded naval brass
C50500 Phosphor bronze, 1.25% E

60.0 Cu, 39.25 Zn, 0.75 Sn


60.5 Cu, 0.7 Pb, 0.8 Sn, 38.0 Zn
60.0 Cu, 1.75 Pb, 37.5 Zn, 0.75 Sn
98.75 Cu, 1.25 Sn, trace P

F, R, T, S
F, R, S
F, R, S
F, W

C51000 Phosphor bronze, 5% A


C51100
C52100 Phosphor bronze, 8% C
C52400 Phosphor bronze, 10% D

95.0 Cu, 5.0 Sn, trace P


95.6 Cu, 4.2 Sn, 0.2 P
92.0 Cu, 8.0 Sn, trace P
90.0 Cu, 10.0 Sn, trace P

F, R, W, T
F
F, R, W
F, R, W

C54400 Free-cutting phosphor bronze


C60800 Aluminum bronze, 5%
C61000
C61300

88.0 Cu, 4.0 Pb, 4.0 Zn, 4.0 Sn


95.0 Cu, 5.0 Al
92.0 Cu, 8.0 Al
92.65 Cu, 0.35 Sn, 7.0 Al

F, R
T
R, W
F, R, T, P, S

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 131 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 8 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C61400 Aluminum bronze, D


C61500
C61800
C61900

91.0 Cu, 7.0 Al, 2.0 Fe


90.0 Cu, 8.0 Al, 2.0 Ni
89.0 Cu, 1.0 Fe, 10.0 Al
86.5 Cu, 4.0 Fe, 9.5 Al

F, R, W, T, P, S
F
R
F

C62300
C62400
C62500
C63000

87.0 Cu, 10.0 Al, 3.0 Fe


86.0 Cu, 3.0 Fe, 11.0 Al
82.7 Cu, 4.3 Fe, 13.0 Al
82.0 Cu, 3.0 Fe, 10.0 Al, 5.0 Ni

F, R
F, R
F, R
F, R

C63200
C63600
C63800
C64200

82.0 Cu, 4.0 Fe, 9.0 Al, 5.0 Ni


95.5 Cu, 3.5 Al, 1.0 Si
99.5 Cu, 2.8 Al, 1.8 Si, 0.40 Co
91.2 Cu, 7.0 Al

F, R
R, W
F
F, R

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 132 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 9 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C65100 Low-silicon bronze, B


C65500 High-silicon bronze, A
C66700 Manganese brass
C67400

98.5 Cu, 1.5 Si


97.0 Cu, 3.0 Si
70.0 Cu, 28.8 Zn, 1.2 Mn
58.5 Cu, 36.5 Zn, 1.2 Al, 2.8 Mn, 1.0 Sn

R, W, T
F, R, W, T
F, W
F, R

C67500 Manganese bronze, A


C68700 Aluninum brass, arsenical
C68800
C69000

58.5 Cu, 1.4 Fe, 39.0 Zn, 1.0 Sn, 0.1 Mn


77.5 Cu, 20.5 Zn, 2.0 Al, 0.1 As
73.5 Cu, 22.7 Zn, 3.4 Al, 0.40 Co
73.3 Cu, 3.4 Al, 0.6 Ni, 22.7 Zn

R, S
T
F
F

C69400 Silicon red brass


C70400
C70600 Copper nickel, 10%
C71000 Copper nickel, 20%

81.5 Cu, 14.5 Zn, 4.0 Si


92.4 Cu, 1.5 Fe, 5.5 Ni, 0.6 Mn
88.7 Cu, 1.3 Fe, 10.0 Ni
79.0 Cu, 21.0 Ni

R
F, T
F, T
F, W, T

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 133 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 10 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C71500 Copper nickel, 30%


C71700
C72500
C73500

70.0 Cu, 30.0 Ni


67.8 Cu, 0.7 Fe, 31.0 Ni, 0.5 Be
88.20 Cu, 9.5 Ni, 2.3 Sn
72.0 Cu, 18.0 Ni , 10.0 Zn

F, R, T
F, R, W
F, R, W, T
F, R, W, T

C74500 Nickel silver, 65-10


C75200 Nickel silver, 65-18
C75400 Nickel silver, 65-15
C75700 Nickel silver, 65-12

65.0 Cu, 25.0 Zn, 10.0 Ni


65.0 Cu, 17.0 Zn, 18.0 Ni
65.0 Cu, 20.0 Zn, 15.0 Ni
65.0 Cu, 23.0 Zn, 12.0 Ni

F, W
F, R, W
F
F, W

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 134 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 54. COMPOSITION OF

WROUGHT COPPERS AND COPPER ALLOYS *


(SHEET 11 OF 11)

UNS Number and Name

Nominal
Composition (%)

Commercial
Forms(a)

C76200
C77000 Nickel silver, 55-18
C72200
C78200 Leaded nickel silver, 65-8-2

59.0 Cu, 29.0 Zn, 12.0 Ni


55.0 Cu, 27.0 Zn, 18.0 Ni
82.0 Cu, 16.0 Ni, 0.5 Cr, 0.8 Fe, 0.5 Mn
65.0 Cu, 2.0 Pb, 25.0 Zn, 8.0 Ni

F, T
F, R, W
F, T
F

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p442454, (1993).
*

(a) F, flat products; R, rod; W, wire; T, tube; P, pipe; S, shapes.


(b) C10400, 8 oz/ton Ag, C10500, 10 oz/ton C10700, 25 oz/ton .
(c) C11300, 8 oz/ton Ag, C11400,10 oz/ton, C11500, 16 oz/ton C11600, 25 oz/ton
(d) C12000, 0.008 P; C12100, 0.008 P and 4 oz/ton Ag;
(e) C12700, 8 oz/ton Ag; C12800,10 oz/ton; C12900,16 oz/ton; C13000, 25 oz/ton.
(f) 8.30 oz/ton Ag.
(g) C18200, 0.9 Cr, C18400, 0.9 Cr; C18500, 0.7 Cr
(h) Rod, 61.0 Cu min.

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 135 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 55. CLASSIFICATION OF

COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS

Family

Wrought Alloys UNS Numbers

Principal Alloying Element

Coppers, high copper alloys


Brasses
Phosphor bronzes
Aluminum bronzes

C10000
C20000, C30000, C40000, C66400 to C69800
C50000
C60600 to C64200

< 8 at %
Zn
Sn
Al

Silicon bronzes
Copper nickels, nickel silvers

C64700 to C66100
C70000

Si
Ni

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p439, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 136 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 56. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR CAST ALUMINUM ALLOYS


(SHEET 1 OF 3)
Composition, (%)

AA Number

Cu

Mg

Mn

Si

Others

201.0
206.0
A206.0
208.0

4.6
4.6
4.6
4.0

0.35
0.25
0.25

0.35
0.35
0.35

0.10 (max)
0.05 (max)
3.0

0.7 Ag, 0.25 Ti


0.22 Ti, 0.15 Fe (max)
0.22 Ti, 0.10 Fe (max)

242.0
295.0
296.0
308.0

4.0
4.5
4.5
4.5

1.5

0.8
2.5
5.5

319.0
336.0
354.0
355.0

3.5
1.0
1.8
1.2

1.0
0.50
0.50

C355.0
356.0

1.2
0.25 (max)

0.50
0.32

2.0 Ni

0.50 (max)

6.0
12.0
9.0
5.0

2.5 Ni

0.6 Fe (max), 0.35 Zn (max)

0.10 (max)
0.35 (max)

5.0
7.0

0.20 Fe (max), 0.10 Zn (max)


0.6 Fe (max), 0.35 Zn (max)

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.303 (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 137 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 56. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR CAST ALUMINUM ALLOYS


(SHEET 2 OF 3)
Composition, (%)

AA Number

Cu

Mg

Mn

Si

Others

A356.0
357.0

0.20 (max)

0.35
0.50

0.10 (max)

7.0
7.0

0.20 Fe (max), 0.10 Zn (max)

A357.0
359.0
360.0
A360.0

0.6
0.6
0.50
0.50

7.0
9.0
9.5
9.5

0.15 Ti, 0.005 Be

2.0 Fe (max)
1.3 Fe (max)

380.0
A380.0
383.0
384.0

3.5
3.5
2.5
3.8

8.5
8.5
10.5
11.2

2.0 Fe (max)
1.3 Fe (max)

3.0 Zn (max)

A384.0
390.0
A390.0
413.0

3.8
4.5
4.5

0.6
0.6

11.2
17.0
17.0
12.0

1.0 Zn (max)
1.3 Zn (max)
0.5 Zn (max)
2.0 Fe (max)

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.303 (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 138 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 56. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR CAST ALUMINUM ALLOYS


(SHEET 3 OF 3)
Composition, (%)

AA Number

Cu

Mg

Mn

Si

Others

A413.0
4430
A443.0
B443.0

0.6 (max)
0.30 (max)
0.15 (max)

12.0
5.2
5.2
5.2

1.3 Fe (max)

C443.0
514.0
518.0
520.0

0.6 (max)

4.0
8.0
10.0

5.2

2.0 Fe (max)

535.0
A535.0
B535.0
712.0

6.8
7.0
7.0
0.6

0.18
0.18

0.18 Ti

0.18 Ti
5.8 Zn, 0.5 Cr, 0.20 Ti

713.0
771.0
850.0

0.7

1.0

0.35
0.9

7.5 Zn, 0.7 Cu


7.0 Zn, 0.13 Cr, 0.15 Ti
6.2 Sn, 1.0 Ni

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.303 (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 139 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 57. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR WROUGHT ALUMINUM ALLOYS


(SHEET 1 OF 3)

AA

Composition (%)

Number

Al

Si

Cu

Mn

Mg

Cr

Zn

Other

1060
1100
2011
2014

99.60 min
99.00 min
93.7
93.5

0.8

0.12
5.5
4.4

0.8

0.5

0.4Bi; 0.4Pb

2024
2219
2319
2618

93.5
93.0
93.0
93.7

0.18

4.4
6.3
6.3
2.3

0.6
0.3
0.3

1.5

1.6

0.06Ti; 0.10V; 0.18Zr


0.18Zn, 0.15Ti; 0.10V
1.1Fe; 1.0Ni; 0.07Ti

3003
3004
3105

98.6
97.8
99.0

0.12
1.2
0.55

1.2
1.0
0.50

4032
4043

85.0
94.8

12.2
5.2

0.9

1.0

0.9Ni

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.292, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 140 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 57. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR WROUGHT ALUMINUM ALLOYS


(SHEET 2 OF 3)

AA

Composition (%)

Number

Al

Si

Cu

Mn

Mg

Cr

Zn

Other

5005
5050
5052
5056

99.2
98.6
97.2
95.0

0.12

0.8
1.4
2.5
5.0

0.25
0.12

5083
5086
5154
5182

94.7
95.4
96.2
95.2

0.7
0.4

0.35

4.4
4.0
3.5
4.5

0.15
0.15
0.25

5252
5254
5356
5454

97.5
96.2
94.6
96.3

0.12
0.8

2.5
3.5
5.0
2.7

0.25
0.12
0.12

0.13Ti

5456
5457
5652
5657

93.9
98.7
97.2
99.2

0.8
0.3

5.1
1.0
2.5
0.8

0.12

0.25

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.292, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 141 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 57. COMPOSITION

RANGES FOR WROUGHT ALUMINUM ALLOYS


(SHEET 3 OF 3)

AA

Composition (%)

Number

Al

Si

Cu

Mn

Mg

Cr

Zn

Other

6005
6009
6010
6061

98.7
97.7
97.3
97.9

0.8
0.8
1.0
0.6

0.35
0.35
0.28

0.5
0.5

0.5
0.6
0.8
1.0

0.2

6063
6066
6070
6101

98.9
95.7
96.8
98.9

0.4
1.4
1.4
0.5

1.0
0.28

0.8
0.7

0.7
1.1
0.8
0.6

6151
6201
6205

98.2
98.5
98.4

0.9
0.7
0.8

0.1

0.6
0.8
0.5

0.25

0.1

0.1Zr

7049
7075

88.2
90.0

1.5
1.6

2.5
2.5

0.15
0.23

7.6
5.6

Source: Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Second Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, Ohio 44073, p.292, (1984).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 142 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 58. COMPOSITION OF

TIN AND TIN ALLOYS

Grade

Composition (% max)

ASTM
B339

Designation

Class

Sn

Sb

As

Bi

Cd

Cu

Fe

Pb

Ni + Co

Zn

AAA

Electrolytic

Extra-high purity

99.98

0.008

0.0005

0.001

0.001

0.002

0.005

0.010

0.005

0.002

0.001

AA

Electrolytic

High purity

99.95

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.01

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.005

A. Straits

High purity;
commercial

99.80

0.04

0.05

0.015

0.001

0.04

0.015

0.05

0.01

0.01

0.005

General purpose

99.80

0.05

Intermediate
grade

99.65

Lower
intermediate
grade

99.50

Common

99.00

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p488, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 143 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 59. COMPOSITIONS OF

ACI HEAT-RESISTANT CASTING ALLOYS


(SHEET 1 OF 2)
Composition (%)

ACI Designation

UNS Number

HC
HD
HE
HF

J92605
J93005
J93403
J92603

HH
HI
HK
HL
HN
HP
HT
HU

ASTM specification

Cr

Ni

Si (max)

Mn

P&S

Mb

A297, A608
A297, A608
A297, A608
A297, A608

0.50 max
0.50 max
0.20 to 0.50
0.20 to 0.40

26 to 30
26 to 30
26 to 30
19 to 23

4 max
4 to 7
8 to 11
9 to 12

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

1
1.5
2
2

0.04 max
0.04 max
0.04 max
0.04 max

0.5 max
0.5 max
0.5 max
0.5 max

J93503
J94003
J94224
J94604

A297, A608
A297, A567, A608
A297, A351, A567, A608
A297, A608

0.20 to 0.50
0.20 to 0.50
0.20 to 0.60
0.20 to 0.60

24 to 28
26 to 30
24 to 28
28 to 32

11 to 14
14 to 18
18 to 22
18 to 22

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

2
2
2
2

0.04 max
0.04 max
0.04 max
0.04 max

0.5 max
0.5 max
0.5 max
0.5 max

J94213

J94605

A297, A608
A297
A297,A351,A567,A608
A297, A608

0.20 to 0.50
0.35 to 0.75
0.35 to 0.75
0.35 to 0.75

19 to 32
24 to 28
13 to17
17 to 21

23 to 27
33 to 37
33 to37
37 to 41

2.00
2.00
2.50
2.50

2
2
2
2

0.04 max
0.04 max
0.04 max
0.04 max

0.5 max
0.5 max
0.5 max
0.5 max

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p384, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

Other

0.2 N max

4.1 Composition L Page 144 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 59. COMPOSITIONS OF

ACI HEAT-RESISTANT CASTING ALLOYS


(SHEET 2 OF 2)
Composition (%)

ACI Designation

UNS Number

HW
HX

ASTM specification
A297, A608
A297, A608

Cr

Ni

Si (max)

Mn

P&S

Mb

0.35 to 0.75
0.35 to 0.75

10 to 14
15 to 19

58 to 62
64 to 68

2.50
2.50

2
2

0.04 max
0.04 max

0.5 max
0.5 max

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p384, (1993).
*

ASTM designations are same as ACI designations.

Rem Fe in all compositions.

2001 CRC Press LLC

Other

4.1 Composition L Page 145 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 60. COMPOSITION OF

ZINC DIE CASTING ALLOYS


Composition (% max)

Alloy

Form

Cu

Al

Mg

Pb

Cd

Sn

Fe

Others

Zn

AG40A
AC41A
Alloy 7

Ingot
Die castings
Ingot

0.10
0.25 to 0.75
0.75 to 1.25

3.9 to 4.3
3.5 to 4.3
3.9 to 4.3

0.025 to 0.05
0.020 to 0.05(a)
0.03 to 0.06

0.004
0.005
0.004

0.003
0.004
0.003

0.002
0.003
0.002

0.075
0.100
0.075

Ni 0.02, Cr 0.02, Si 0.035, Mn 0.5


Ni 0.02, Cr 0.02, Si 0.035, Mn 0.5
Ni 0.02, Cr 0.02, Si 0.035, Mn 0.5

rem
rem
rem

ILZRO 16

Die castings
Die castings

0.75 to 1.25
0.25

3.5 to 4.3
3.5 to 4.3

0.03 to 0.08(a)
0.010 to 0.02

0.005
0.0020

0.004
0.0020

0.003
0.0010

0.100
0.050

rem
rem

Die castings

1.0 to 1.5

0.01 to 0.04

Ni 0.02, Cr 0.02, Si 0.035, Mn 0.5

Ti 0.150.25, Cr 0.100.20, Ti +
Cr 0.300.40

(a) Magnesium content may be as low as 0.015% provided that lead, cadmium and tin contents do not exceed 0.003. 0.003 and 0.001%, respectively.
Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p490, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

rem

4.1 Composition L Page 146 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 61. COMPOSITIONS OF WROUGHT


(SHEET 1 OF 2)

SUPERALLOYS

Composition (%)
Alloy

UNS
number

Cr

Ni

Co

Mo

Nb

Ti

Al

Fe

Other

Astroloy
D979
IN 102
Inconel 706

N09979
N06102
N09706

15.0
15.0
15.0
16.0

56.5
45.0
67.0
41.5

15.0

5.25
4.0
2.9

4.0
3.0

2.9

3.5
3.0
0.5
1.75

4.4
1.0
0.5
0.2

<0.3
27.0
7.0
37.5

0.06
0.05
0.06
0.03

0.03 B; 0.06 Zr
0.01 B
0.005 B; 0.02 Mg; 0.03 Zr
2.9(Nb+Ta); 0.15 Cu max

Inconel 718
Inconel 751
Inconel X750
M252

N07718

N07750
N07252

19.0
15.5
15.5
19.0

52.5
72.5
73.0
56.5

10.0

3.0

10.0

5.1
1.0
1.0

0.9
2.3
2.5
2.6

0.5
1.2
0.7
1.0

18.5
7.0
7.0
<0.75

0.08 max
0.05
0.04
0.15

0.15 Cu max
0.25 Cu max
0.25 Cu max
0.005 B

Nimonic 80A
Nimonic 90
Nimonic 95
Nimonic 100

N07080
N07090

19.5
19.5
19.5
11.0

73.0
55.5
53.5
56.0

1.0
18.0
18.0
20.0

5.0

2.25
2.4
2.9
1.5

1.4
1.4
2.0
5.0

1.5
1.5
5.0 max
2.0 max

0.05
0.06
0.15 max
0.30 max

0.10 Cu max

+B; +Zr
+B; +Zr

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p382-383, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 147 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 61. COMPOSITIONS OF WROUGHT


(SHEET 2 OF 2)

SUPERALLOYS

Composition (%)
Alloy

UNS
number

Cr

Ni

Co

Mo

Nb

Ti

Al

Fe

Other

Nimonic 105
Nimonic 115
Nimonic 263
Pyromet 860

15.0
15.0
20.0
13.0

54.0
55.0
51.0
44.0

20.0
15.0
20.0
4.0

5.0
4.0
5.9
6.0

1.2
4.0
2.1
3.0

4.7
5.0
0.45
1.0

1.0
0.7 max
28.9

0.08
0.20
0.06
0.05

0.005 B
0.04 Zr

0.01 B

Ren 41
Ren 95
Udimet 500
Udimet 520

N07041

N07500

19.0
14.0
19.0
19.0

55.0
61.0
48.0
57.0

11.0
8.0
19.0
12.0

10.0
3.5
4.0
6.0

3.5

1.0

3.5

3.1
2.5
3.0
3.0

1.5
3.5
3.0
2.0

<0.3
<0.3
4.0 max

0.09
0.16
0.08
0.08

0.01 B
0.01 B; 0.05 Zr
0.005 B
0.005 B

Udimet 700
Udimet 710
Unitemp AF21DA
Waspaloy

N07001

15.09
18.0
12.0
19.5

53.0
55.0
59.0
57.0

18.5
14.8
10.0
13.5

5.0
3.0
3.0
4.3

1.5
6.0

3.4
5.0
3.0
3.0

4.3
2.5
4.6
1.4

<1.0

<0.5
2.0 max

0.07
0.07
0.35
0.07

0.03 B
0.01 B
1.5 Ta; 0.015 B; 0.1 Zr
0.006 B; 0.09 Zr

Data from ASM Metals Reference Book, Third Edition, Michael Bauccio, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, p382-383, (1993).

2001 CRC Press LLC

4.1 Composition L Page 148 Wednesday, December 31, 1969 17:00

Table 62. TYPICAL

COMPOSITION OF GLASS -CERAMICS


Typical composition
(wt %)

GlassCeramic

SiO2

Li2O

Al2O3

MgO

Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 system
MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system
Li2O-MgO-SiO2 system
Li2O-ZnO-SiO2 system

74
65
73
58

11
23

16
19

9
7

ZnO

B 2 O3

(nucleating agent)

P 2 O5
(nucleating agent)

16

6
7

3
3

TiO2

Source: data compiled by J.S. Park from P.C. McMillan, Glass-Ceramics, 2nd edition, Academic Press, (1979).

2001 CRC Press LLC

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